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( German Ottensee )
Odense coat of arms
Odense (Denmark)
Basic data
State : DenmarkDenmark Denmark
Region : Syddanmark
(since 2007) :
Coordinates : 55 ° 24 '  N , 10 ° 24'  E Coordinates: 55 ° 24 '  N , 10 ° 24'  E
Founded: 1355
Population :
Area : 15 km²
Population density : 12,020 inhabitants per km²
Height : 13 m ö.h.
Postal code : 5000
Mayor : Anchor boye
Sister cities : see article text
Website: www.odense.dk
Sankt Knuds Kirke
Sankt Knuds Kirke
Climate diagram of Odense

Odense ( Danish pronunciation ? / I , [ˈoːð̞ˀənsə], [ˈoð̞ˀn̩sə] ; German: Ottensee ) is a city on the Danish island of Funen . It forms the center of the municipality of Odense , South Denmark . The 180,302 inhabitants of the city (as of January 1, 2020) are called Odenseans. Audio file / audio sample

The third largest city in the country is the bishopric of the Diocese of Funen and is home to the main campus of the University of Southern Denmark .

The river Odense Å runs through the city . It is connected to the Odense Fjord via the Odense Canal .


The city was first mentioned in 988 in a document drawn up by King Otto III. was created, mentioned. The name of the city probably comes from the Viking Age , when the cult site " Odins Vi" was built in honor of the god Odin. The Viking castle Nonnebakken was also built at this time . Around 1060 Odense became the seat of the Bishop of Funen. Numerous monasteries and churches as well as church foundations were built here. These include the Vor Frue Kirke , probably the oldest church in the city, and the Dom Sankt Knuds Kirke .

In 1086 King Canute IV was murdered in Odense. The city was partially destroyed during a civil war in 1240. In 1355 Odense got the rights of a trading town. The Lübeck printer Johann Snell printed Denmark's first incunabula in Odense in 1482 . Around 1500 Queen Christine , the wife of King Hans , moved with her court to Odense. As a result, the city and trade grew. In contrast to Ribe, for example, the Reformation did little harm to her . By 1600 the city had between 5,000 and 6,000 inhabitants. That number fell to 3,800 in 1672 when the city was sacked by Swedish troops. Odense was the Danish capital from 1654 to 1658 .

The population rose again to 5,200 by 1769, making Odense the second largest city in Denmark. In 1803 the city's canal and port were also expanded. Thus began the industrialization in the city. In 1805 Hans Christian Andersen , probably the city's most famous son, was born. The city walls that surrounded Odense for centuries were torn down in 1851 as there was insufficient space inside the walls for the city's growing industry. The construction of the Albani Bridge made it possible to expand the city towards the south. Due to the increased immigration of workers, the population of the city continued to rise. Denmark's first gas and water works were built in the city in the mid-19th century. In 1865 the first railway line was put into operation on the island of Funen. From 1891 the first parts of the city were supplied with electricity. In 1935, a 177 meter high steel frame construction, Odinstårnet , was built, but it was destroyed again in 1944.

In 1943, resistance to the German occupation also increased in Funen. Four young doctors were murdered by German occupiers in Odense.

Since 1956, the Hans Christian Andersen Prize has been awarded in the city on April 2nd, the poet's birthday. From 1970 to 2007 Odense was the county seat of Fyns Amt .

Development of the population

Population growth in Odense from 1980 to 2017 according to the table below
year 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2018
Residents (municipality) 168,528 171,468 176.133 182,617 183.912 185,871 188,777 202.348

(January 1st)


HC Andersens Barndomshjem - Denmark's most famous poet Hans Christian Andersen spent his childhood in the house Munkemøllestræde 3/5
Concert hall
Town hall (1881/83)
Brandts Klædefabrik cultural center
Odense Castle - seat of local government

Museums and exhibitions

  • The Hans Christian Andersen museums ( HC Andersens Hus and HC Andersens Barndomshjem ) offer an insight into the life and work of the poet. This also includes Fyrtøjet , where children are actively engaged in the poet's fairy tales. You can dress up there and act out Andersen's stories.
  • The Danmarks Jernbane Museum shows the largest collection of trains and ferries in Northern Europe on over 10,000 m².
  • The Brandts house consists of an art gallery , a museum for photographic art and Denmark's media museum . The only art bookshop on the island of Funen is located in this house.
  • The Bymuseet Møntergården shows an archaeological collection on the history of Funen.
  • In the open-air museum Den Fynske Landsby ("The Funen Village") 25 rural buildings from the 18th and 19th centuries can be viewed.
  • In the open-air museum Jernalderlandsbyen (“The Iron Age Village”) in the suburb of Næsby you can see numerous reconstructions of furnished houses and a historical workshop from the Iron Age.
  • The Europæisk Automobile Museum exhibits around 120 automobiles, most of which date from 1945 to 1960.
  • Odense Zoo shows a variety of animals from all over the world. The zoo is particularly known for its Ozeaneum .


  • The cathedral, the Gothic Sankt Knuds Kirke from the 14th century on the foundation walls of a previous building from 1080/1100 is one of the most important Danish sacred buildings and has a famous altar by Lübeck's Claus Berg (1520).
  • The Vor Frue Kirke is a late Romanesque single-nave building from the beginning of the 13th century. The exterior facade dates from the 19th century.
  • The early Gothic Catholic Church of St. Albani with a Romanesque portal has a 54 m high bell tower.
  • The church Sankt Hans (Johannes) was built in the late Romanesque style since 1250 as an originally single-nave monastery church of the Order of St. John ; the cross arms come from this time. In the 15th century it was rebuilt in the Gothic style; at that time the aisles were built.
  • The Fredenskirke was built in 1916–1920 by Peder Klint as a hall church made of yellow brick based on the style of Gothic brick churches .
  • The Carl Nielsen Museum is located in the city's concert hall . It gives a chronological overview of the composer's life.
  • The Odense Theater - Denmark's second oldest theater - was built in 1796. It has five different stages and a theater school. Hans Christian Andersen made his debut at this theater as a child.
  • Odense Castle ( Odense Slot ) was built in 1280 as a hospital for the Order of St. John. Later it was used as a monastery. In 1579 it was converted into a castle on the orders of Frederik II . Today a wing of the building, modernized in the 19th century in the classical style, is used by the local government.
  • The Munkebjerg Kirke was built as a hexagonal tent-like structure of concrete 1,962th
  • The town hall in the style of central Italian Gothic town halls was built in 1881–83.
  • The University Hospital of Odense is the largest hospital in Denmark. The main building of the former district and city hospital was built in 1912.
  • Many important citizens are buried in the park-like assistance cemetery.

Educational institutions

In addition to a location of the University of Southern Denmark , Odense is also home to the Odense Music Conservatory , the Odense Teater drama school and the CVU engineering college. Odense also has a number of colleges within the University College South Denmark .

Economy and media

The shipbuilding , electrical , textile and food industries are located in Odense, including the electric motor manufacturer Thrige Titan , the Albani brewery , Odense Marcipan , the GASA Group (the European market leader in flower wholesale), the pharmaceutical importer Orifarm and the manufacturer of dispensing systems Micro Matic . The former Odense Staalskibsværft (now Lindø Industripark) is located in Munkebo . Universal Robots A / S is today (2018) the world market leader in small collaborative robots with a turnover of around 170 million US dollars.

The city is home to the second Danish television station TV 2 and the newspaper Fyens Stiftstidende . With a circulation of 47,400 copies in the first half of 2010, it is the largest regional daily newspaper on Funen.

Early 2017 announced Mark Zuckerberg , the eighth data center of Facebook to build in Odense.

Canopy Growth Corporation has been operating its first medical cannabis manufacturing facility here since 2019

Transport and infrastructure

The Odense airport is about twelve kilometers north of the city. The cycle path network has a length of 550 km. In 2006, cycling accounted for 24% of the routes in Odense, and bicycles were the most popular means of transport in the city center. The share of local public transport was 6%, the share of cars 47%.

The Intercity between Copenhagen and Jutland ( route Copenhagen – Fredericia ) stop in Odense. There are regional train connections between Nyborg , Odense and Middelfart and between Odense and Svendborg . Odense is connected to Copenhagen Airport by several direct train connections.

2015 Denmark became the first DDI as "dynamisk Ruderanlæg" in 2009 after a French invention from the 1970s and American design plan stated . The lanes of the feeder on the motorway bridge will be switched to left-hand traffic with separate lanes in order to make the waiting time for the third traffic light phase superfluous. The conversion of the existing junction 52 on the E20 to Assensvej was opened to traffic on September 17, 2017. 55 ° 21 '41 "  N , 10 ° 20' 42"  E

There was a tram operation in Odense which will be revived under the name Odense Letbane until 2020 . The first line is to connect the districts of Tarup and Hjallelese in a north-south direction over a length of 14.5 kilometers and comprise 26 stations. Construction work began in 2015 not far from the TRE-FOR Park . The tram network is due to be completed in 2020. The city of Odense expects around 30,000 passengers a day.


The city's leading football club is the Odense BK Super League club .

The HC Andersen Marathon , one of the largest marathons in Scandinavia, has been taking place in autumn since 2000 .

The one-day race Fyen Rundt starts in Odense and has been held since 1894, making it Denmark's oldest cycling race. In 2015 the Thorvald Ellegaard Arena with cycle track was opened.

sons and daughters of the town

Twin cities

Odense has relationships with the following 20 twin cities :

See also

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Statistics Banks -> Befolkning og valg -> BY1: Folketal January 1st efter byområde, alder og køn (Danish)
  2. University College Southern Denmark (Ger.) Official website, accessed August 13, 2015.
  3. History ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.t-telectric.com
  4. Facebook's Eighth Data Center to Be Located in Odense, Denmark. Retrieved January 20, 2017 (American English).
  5. Første danske virksomhed for go to producere medicinsk cannabis. Retrieved June 3, 2019 (da-DK).
  6. ^ Mobility and traffic in Odense
  7. Traffic and Transport ( Memento of the original from October 3, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.visitfyn.com
  8. Vejdirektoratet planlægger venstrekørsel på motorvejsbro , transportnyhederne.dk of April 21, 2015
  9. Vejdirektoratettv: Køretur gennem det dynamiske ruderanlæg ved Odense I , YouTube, September 20, 2017
  10. Video: Første danske venstrekørsel: Sådan foregår det , fyens.dk September 18, 2017
  11. Bilister should be on the opposite side of the engine . January 5, 2017 ( fyens.dk [accessed February 5, 2017]).
  12. Dynamisk Ruderanlæg - Odense SV , published July 23, 2014, update from June 1, 2015
  13. Dynamisk Ruderanlæg. Retrieved January 21, 2017 .
  14. History of Fyen Rundt. Retrieved November 22, 2019 .
  15. Og navnet blev: Thorvald Ellegaard Arena Odense. In: feltet.dk. January 16, 2015, accessed on November 22, 2019 (dk).
  16. Odense Municipality ( Memento of the original from February 28, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.odense.dk

Web links

Commons : Odense  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Odense  travel guide
Wiktionary: Odense  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations