St Albans

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Saint Albans
Flag of St Albans
Flag of St Albans
St Albans Coat of Arms
St Albans Coat of Arms
Coordinates 51 ° 45 ′  N , 0 ° 20 ′  W Coordinates: 51 ° 45 ′  N , 0 ° 20 ′  W
OS National Grid TL148073
Saint Albans (England)
Saint Albans
Saint Albans
Residents 57,795 (as of 2011) United Kingdom Census 2011
surface 18.1 km² (6.99  mi² )
Population density: 3193 inhabitants per km²
Post town ST. ALBANS
ZIP code section AL1
AL3, AL4
prefix 01727
Part of the country England
region East of England
Shire county Hertfordshire
District St Albans
British Parliament St Albans

St Albans is a city in the south of England , about 35 kilometers north of the capital London . The River Ver flows through the city. It has 57,795 inhabitants (as of 2011) and is the center of the City and District of St Albans in southern Hertfordshire . St Albans is one of the earliest preserved urban settlements and was already a large settlement under the name Verulamium during the Roman Empire . After the Romans withdrew from the British Isles , the city was named Verlamchester or Wæclingacaester before it was given its current name.


St Albans, clock tower, 15th century
St Albans Cathedral

The area around St Albans has a long history of settlement. The Celtic tribe of the Catuvellaunen settled on Prae Hill about one and a half kilometers west of today's city. The Roman settlement Verulamium was founded a little closer to the city along the river valley of the Ver .

In the Middle Ages, the city expanded eastward, then encompassing the place where the first British martyr , Saint Alban , was beheaded before 324 . As a result, an abbey and cathedral were built on the site, making the city a center of pilgrimage and a focal point for travelers to and from London. The Abbey of St Albans was for a time the most important monastery in England, where, among other things, the first draft of the Magna Charta was made.

During the Wars of the Roses , the city was the scene of the action twice, in the first Battle of St Albans in 1455 the House of York was victorious , in the second in 1461 the House of Lancaster .

The growth of the rural market town before the 20th century was generally slow. Between the First World War and the Second World War , the burgeoning electrical industry began to take root in the region and after the Second World War the city became a center of the electrical industry, which led to a number of new cities being established in the area and Greater London.

Today the city exhibits excavations from each of its settlement periods and is a well-known tourist attraction. In addition to these excavations, the Abbey of St Albans is also a sight.

Town twinning

St Albans is officially twinned with cities


Born in St Albans

Associated with St Albans

  • Francis Bacon (1561–1626), philosopher and statesman, was the first and only Viscount St. Albans, buried in St Michael's Church, St Albans
  • Ralph Chubb (1892–1960), lithographer, grew up in St Albans
  • Stephen Hawking (1942-2018), physicist, went to school in St Albans
  • Stanley Kubrick (1928–1999), director, lived near the city until his death
  • Maddy Prior (* 1947), folk singer and English folk icon, grew up in St Albans
  • Samuel Ryder (1858–1936), founder of the Ryder Cup, lived in St Albans
  • Jonathan Stroud (* 1970), author of the Bartimaeus trilogy, lives in St Albans

Web links

Commons : St Albans  - collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. ^ St Albans City and District Council - Town Twinning , accessed April 4, 2018