|Part of the country||England|
|region||East of England|
|status||Ceremonial and Administrative County|
|First mention||866 (as Heorotfordscir )|
|Administrative authority||Hertfordshire County Council|
|was standing||June 30, 2018|
Districts / Unitary Authorities
Hertfordshire [ ˈhɑːtfədʃə ] (usually abbreviated as "Herts") is a county in England , north of London . It belongs to the East of England administrative region . About 1.1 million people live in Hertfordshire.
Hertfordshire borders the London boroughs of Hillingdon , Harrow , Barnet and Enfield . To the east of Hertfordshire is Essex , to the west is Buckinghamshire and to the north are Bedfordshire , Luton and Cambridgeshire . Most of the county is inhabited by commuters to London. In 1965 Hertfordshire lost the town of Barnet to Greater London and instead got Potters Bar and South Mimms from Middlesex .
Hertfordshire itself was, in earlier times, just the area surrounding Hertford Fortress . It was built in 913 under the rule of Edward the Elder . The name Hertfordshire appears for the first time in the Anglo-Saxon chronicle of 1011.
The county’s motto is Trust and Fear Not .
The New River begins in Hertfordshire , a canal that was created in 1613 to supply London with fresh drinking water.
The highest point in the county is around 270 meters above sea level near the village of Hastoe.
On December 11, 2005, after an explosion, a fire broke out in an oil store near Hemel Hempstead , which is considered to be one of the largest in Europe in peacetime.
Important cities and towns
- Abbots Langley , Albury , Aldbury , Apsley
- Baldock , Berkhamsted , Bishop's Stortford , Borehamwood , Bovingdon , Broxbourne , Bushey
- Harpenden , Hatfield , Hemel Hempstead , Hertford , Hertford Heath , Hitchin , Hoddesdon , Holwell
- Kings Langley
- Langley , Letchworth Garden City , Long Marston
- Markyate , Mill End
- New Mill
- Potters Bar , Preston
- Redbourn , Royston
- Stevenage , St Albans
- Ware , Watford , Welwyn Garden City , Weston
- The University of Hertfordshire was created out of Hatfield Polytechnic.
- The Six Hills Roman ruins in Stevenage.
- The Hatfield House , a Jacobean mansion with large parks
- The Cathedral of St Albans
- The Henry Moore Sculpture Perry Green sculpture park
Coordinates: 51 ° 50 ′ N , 0 ° 13 ′ W