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Shropshire county
Flag of Shropshire.svg

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About this picture

Country United Kingdom
Part of the country England
region West Midlands

status Ceremonial county
First mention 1006 (as Scrobbesbyrigscīr )

Ceremonial county
surface 3,487 km² (13th of 48 )
Residents 475,889
was standing 2012

! Districts /! Unitary Authorities
New Shropshire Ceremonial Numbered.png
  1. Shropshire
  2. Telford and Wrekin

Shropshire [ ʃɹɒpʃə ] (abbreviated Salop or Salops , Welsh Swydd Amwythig ) is a ceremonial and traditional county in the West Midlands in England . The county is bordered by the counties of Cheshire , Staffordshire , Worcestershire , Herefordshire and the Welsh counties of Powys and Wrexham . Shropshire was part of the Principality of Powys until Powys was conquered , but was not incorporated into present-day Wales. The Welsh language is still spoken by many people there as their mother tongue in the mountainous west. The border wall, built against the Welsh in the 9th century, also runs around Shropshire.

In addition to Herefordshire, Shropshire is one of the very agricultural counties. The historic capital is Shrewsbury , the largest city being in County Telford . Also in the county is Coalbrookdale , from where the Industrial Revolution began in England, and Ironbridge , where The Iron Bridge , the world's first iron bridge, was built (hence the name). The abbreviation Salop has been used in official documents for centuries. "Salop" comes from "Salopesbiry", the former name of the Shrewsbury administrative center.

On April 1, 1998, the Telford and Wrekin District was administratively detached from Shropshire and raised to a Unitary Authority . On April 1, 2009, the remaining five districts Bridgnorth , North Shropshire , Oswestry , Shrewsbury and Atcham and South Shropshire were dissolved and their competencies transferred to the Shropshire Council . Since then, the ceremonial county of Shropshire has consisted of the Shropshire and Telford and Wrekin Unitary Authorities .

The cradle of European industry

Despite the rural character of the county, Shropshire became the starting point of the Industrial Revolution. Shropshire has many geological stratifications and contains almost every type of rock found in northern Europe. Coal , lead , copper and iron ore can be mined . Another benefit is the Severn River , which provides a natural transport route for the mined mineral resources.

Cities and towns

Countryside in Shropshire


See also

Web links

Commons : Shropshire  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of England and Wales on June 30, 2012 ( ZIP ; 832 kB)