|Part of the country||England|
|region||South East England|
|status||Ceremonial and Administrative County|
|Administrative authority||Surrey County Council|
|Administrative headquarters||Kingston upon Thames (extra-territorial)|
|was standing||June 30, 2018|
Districts / Unitary Authorities
Surrey [ ˈsʌɹɪ ] is a county in southern England . It consists of the districts of Elmbridge , Epsom and Ewell , Guildford , Mole Valley , Reigate and Banstead , Runnymede , Spelthorne , Surrey Heath , Tandridge , Waverley and Woking . The county is bordered by Hampshire , Berkshire , Greater London , Kent , East Sussex and West Sussex .
Surrey has a population of about one million. The traditional capital of the county was Guildford , which is also where the University of Surrey is located . Today the administrative headquarters are in Kingston upon Thames , which has not been in the county since 1965, but in Greater London . There are plans to move the administration to Woking .
Much of Surrey is in the Green Belt. Since the soil is very sandy and has limited agricultural use, there are a large number of footpaths and bridle paths. Therefore, Surrey offers many opportunities for rural leisure activities. The gardens and parks in the region are part of the European Garden Heritage Network .
Surrey is also home to many celebrities. Musicians like Phil Collins , Eric Clapton , Bryan Ferry and Ringo Starr live in Surrey. TV stars like Liz Hurley and former McLaren CEO Ron Dennis have their country house in Surrey.
Surrey is divided by the North Downs chalk ridge , which runs in an east-west direction. The ridge itself is crossed by Surrey's main rivers, the Wey and Mole , which are tributaries of the Thames . Before the state reorganization, the Thames formed the northern border of Surrey. North of the Downs, Surrey is largely flat and forms part of the Thames Basin. Geologically, this area is determined by London Clay in the east, Bagshot Sand in the west and alluvial deposits along the rivers. South of the Downs and to the west of the county are the sandstone Surrey Hills. Further to the east is the flat landscape of Low Weald, which extends in the extreme southeast to the edge of the High Weald. The Downs and the southern area form part of a circular structure of geological deposits that also extends over southern Kent and large parts of Sussex. This structure is composed primarily of Wealden Clay, Lower Greensand and the limestone of the Downs.
The name Surrey is derived from the Saxon Sūþrīge or "Suthrige", the name for the "southern region" of the Kingdom of Middlesex ("Central Saxony"). In fact, Surrey is still south of the former County of Middlesex, which is today's Greater London.
Surrey used to be divided into 14 hundreds . Until 1889, the Boroughs of Lambeth , Southwark and Wandsworth , which are now part of London, belonged to Surrey . In 1965 the boroughs of Croydon , Kingston upon Thames , Merton , Richmond upon Thames and Sutton became parts of Greater London ; in return Surrey received spelled horns from Middlesex .
In the 1974 local government reform , London Gatwick Airport and the surrounding country were assigned to West Sussex . Also Horley and Charlwood should come to West Sussex; however, this was reversed due to angry protests from the population.
towns and places
- Abinger Common , Abinger Hammer , Addlestone , Albury , Alfold , Ash , Ashford , Ashtead
- Bagshot , Banstead , Betchworth , Bisley , Bletchingley , Blindley Heath , Bramley , Brockham , Buckland , Burgh Heath , Byfleet
- Camberley , Capel , Caterham , Chaldon , Charlwood , Chertsey , Chiddingfold , Chipstead , Chobham , Christmaspie , Churt , Claygate , Cobham , Cranleigh
- Dorking , Dorman's Land , Dunsfold
- Earlswood , East Clandon , East Horsley , Effingham , Egham , Elstead , Englefield Green , Epsom , Esher , Ewell , Ewhurst
- Farncombe , Farnham , Fetcham , Forest Green , Frensham , Frimley
- Godalming , Godstone Green , Gomshall , Great Bookham , Guildford
- Hambledon , Hascombe , Haslemere , Headley , Hersham , Hindhead , Holmbury St Mary , Holmwood , Hooley , Horley , Horsell , Hurst Green
- Laleham , Leatherhead , Limpsfield , Lingfield , Little Bookham
- Merrow , Merstham , Mickleham , Milford , Molesey
- Normandy , Nutfield
- Ockham , Ockley , Onslow Village , Ottershaw , Outwood , Oxshott , Oxted
- Peaslake , Pirbright , Pyrford , Puttenham
- Redhill , Reigate , Ripley , Rowly ,
- Salfords , Send , Shackleford , Shalford , Shepperton , Shere , Shottermill , South Godstone , Staines-upon-Thames , Stanwell , Stoke D'Abernon , Sunbury-on-Thames
- Tadworth , Tandridge , Thames Ditton , Thorpe , Thursley , Tilford , Tongham
- Virginia Water
- Walton-on-Thames , Walton-on-the-Hill , Wanborough , Warlingham , West Clandon , West Horsley , Westcott , Weybridge , Whyteleafe , Windlesham , Wisley , Witley , Woking , Woldingham , Wonersh , Wormley , Worplesdon , Wotton
- Brookwood Cemetery (London necropolis with rail connection)
- The fictional character Harry Potter lived in Little Whinging , a fictional place in Surrey , for almost 16 years .
- In August 2007, a highly contagious foot-and-mouth disease pathogen was found in livestock and was found in around 60 cows. It is said to correspond to a strain originally bred for vaccinations in a research center about six kilometers away.
- In 2004 the Leatherhead Drama Festival was launched in Surrey.
- William Manchester : The Last Lion: Winston Spencer Churchill Visions of Glory 1874-1932 . Sphere Books Ltd, 1984. p. 540.
- Mid 2018 Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
- Tagesschau: pathogen apparently comes from the laboratory (tagesschau.de archive)
- leatherheaddramafestival.org ( Memento of the original from June 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 25, 2011.