|Part of the country||England|
|status||Unitary Authority , Ceremonial County , Traditional County|
|First mention||11th century (as Roteland )|
|Administrative authority||Rutland County Council|
|was standing||June 30, 2018|
|NUTS code||UKF22 (with Leicestershire )|
Rutland is a county ( County ) and autonomous administrative unit ( Unitary Authority ) in England and is bordered to the west and north by Leicestershire , northeast of Lincolnshire and on the southeast by Northamptonshire .
The largest extension in north-south direction is 29 km, in west-east direction it is 27 km. In terms of population, Rutland is the second smallest of the 48 ceremonial counties in England (only the City of London is smaller).
The two main towns are Oakham , the administrative center, and Uppingham . In the center of the county there is a large reservoir , Rutland Water , an important nature reserve that serves as a wintering place for geese and a breeding ground for ospreys . The place Stamford is located across the border in a projecting part of Lincolnshire.
Rutland's largest employer is the American mail order company Lands' End , whose European headquarters are in Oakham.
The northwestern part of the county is listed in the Domesday Book as Rutland, a part of Nottinghamshire . The southeastern part is listed as the wapentake of Wicelsea in Northamptonshire . Rutland was first mentioned in 1159 as an independent county.
Rutland is one of the traditional counties and is also the smallest of these. 1888 was added to an administrative county ( administrative county converted). In the course of local government reform of 1974 Rutland became a district of Leicestershire; This was reversed in 1997 and Rutland has been a unitary authority ever since. It still belongs to the ceremonial counties .
towns and places
- Barleythorpe , Barrow , Barrowden , Belton in Rutland , Braunston , Brooke
- Edith Weston , Egleton , Empingham , Essendine , Exton
- Great Casterton
- Langham , Little Casterton , Lyddington
- Manton , Market Overton , Morcott
- Normanton , North Luffenham
- Ridlington , Ryhall
- South Luffenham , Stone Bridge Corner
- Thistleton , Tickencote
- Upper Hambleton , Uppingham
- Whissendine , Whitwell , Wing
- Braunston Goddess
- Barnsdale Gardens
- Eye, Chater and Welland rivers
- Lyddington Bede House
- Lawn maze from Wing
- Rutland Water
- Tolethorpe Hall