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Oxfordshire county
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About this picture

Country United Kingdom
Part of the country England
region South East England

status Ceremonial and Administrative County
First mention 10th century

Ceremonial county

Administrative county
Administrative authority Oxfordshire County Council
Administrative headquarters Oxford
ISO-3166-2 GB-OXF
surface 2,605 km²
Residents 687.524
was standing June 30, 2018
ONS code 38
GSS code E10000025
NUTS code UKJ14

! Districts /! Unitary Authorities
  1. Oxford
  2. Cherwell
  3. South Oxfordshire
  4. Vale of White Horse
  5. West Oxfordshire

Oxfordshire [ ˈɒksfədʃə ] ( Oxon for short , from the Latin Oxonia ) is a county in central southern England .


About 660,000 people live in the 2,610 km² area of ​​the county. It is still divided into five districts: Oxford , Cherwell , Vale of White Horse (after the Uffington White Horse ), West Oxfordshire and South Oxfordshire .

The Vale of the White Horse and parts of South Oxfordshire south of the Thames used to be part of the county of Berkshire and became what is now the county in 1974 following a territorial reform. In contrast, the Caversham area near Reading has always been part of Oxfordshire.

The administrative center and largest city in the county is Oxford . Other major cities are Banbury , Bicester and Chipping Norton in the north of Oxford, Faringdon and Witney in the west, Chinnor , Watlington and Thame in the east and Abingdon , Didcot , Grove , Henley , Wallingford and Wantage in the south.


Historically, the land around Oxford was settled early on. The arable land is very fertile and has high quality soils. The name Oxford comes from the Old English Oxenaforda . The area was initially completely ignored by the Romans. The Wantage settlement alone, where the future King Alfred the Great of Wessex was born, was of little importance. The University of Oxford was founded 1096th The area was part of the Cotswolds wool trade from the 13th century. With the construction of the railway, the Great Western Railway , Didcot was connected in 1839. The Morris Motor Company was founded in Oxford in 1912 and Morris Garages (MG) in Abingdon in 1929.


Tourism in particular is one of the larger industries in the county. Several motorsport factories and companies are located in the area. There are also numerous publishers such as Oxford University Press and several companies in the biotechnology industry .

Cities and Towns in Oxfordshire

(Towns with the suffix (B) previously belonged to the county of Berkshire .)


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Mid 2018 Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland

Coordinates: 51 ° 46 ′  N , 1 ° 16 ′  W