|OS National Grid||TQ883856|
|Residents||182,463 (as of: 2018)|
|surface||41.76 km² (16.12 mi² )|
|Population density:||4,369 inhabitants per km²|
|ZIP code section||SS1|
|Part of the country||England|
|region||East of England|
Southend-on-Sea is a city in the county of Essex in Great Britain with 182,463 inhabitants (as of 2018). The seaside resort is located on the north bank of the Thames - confluence with the North Sea and is an industrial center with electrical and pharmaceutical industries as well as the cultural center of the region with theaters , cinemas , museums and galleries . Since 1998 the Borough of Southend-on-Sea is an independent administrative unit ( Unitary Authority ) within the administrative region East of England .
The city includes the following districts: Chalkwell, Eastwood, Leigh-on-Sea, Prittlewell, Shoeburyness, Southchurch, Thorpe Bay and Westcliff-on-Sea.
Southend-on-Sea was first mentioned as a seaside resort in 1768. In 1793 the royal hotel and the terrace were built . In the 19th century the place developed into a fashionable seaside resort. The pier, which was opened in 1889 and expanded several times, is 2.16 kilometers long, making it the longest amusement pier in the world.
The pier was damaged by fire several times, for example in 1959, 1976 and 1992. During the most recent fire on October 9, 2005, several buildings on the pier were destroyed, for example a train station and a pub.
In 1856 the place was connected to the country's rail network. On August 15, 1892, Southend-on-Sea was granted town charter.
In the year 1110 which was Cluniacs - priory built. The museum set up in the restored priory is worth seeing. Also of interest are the Central Museum, the Planetarium , Southchurch Hall, and the Beecroft Art Gallery. Also worth seeing are the parks and the Southend Pier , which is the longest pier in the world with a length of 2,158 m .
The railway Great Eastern Railway (or one ) connects the city from the train station Southend Victoria over Billericay with the London station Liverpool Street . The c2c ( London, Tilbury and Southend Railway ) line connects Southend Central and Southend East stations via Tilbury with London's Fenchurch Street station .
The bus transport is handled by the Arriva and First Group companies , which mutually recognize their tickets. National Express operates a daily bus route to Liverpool and the First Group bus X30 connects Southend-on-Sea to London Stansted Airport. The A13 road and the four-lane A127 road connect Southend-on-Sea with London.
The London Southend Airport emerged from the military airfield Rochford and now offers maintenance and repair work on on aircraft, pilot training, corporate and leisure flights as well as on Saturdays in summer scheduled flights to Jersey. There are plans to expand the airport including the addition of a train station in 2009. In December 2008, Southend Airport was bought by the Stobart Group for £ 21 million. Several new shops were built next to the airport. In April 2012, the low-cost airline easyJet opened a base here.
- Paddy Roy Bates of Sealand (1921–2012), founder and former Prince of the Principality of Sealand
- Michael Bates of Sealand , Prime Minister and Prince of Sealand
- Cameron Carter-Vickers (* 1997), English-American football player
- Jake Caskey (born 1994), soccer player
- Emma Chambers (1964-2018), actress
- Peter Cook (* 1936), architect and author
- Barry Cooper (* 1949), musicologist
- Avril Dankworth (1922–2013), music teacher and author
- Warwick Deeping (1877-1950), writer
- Nathalie Emmanuel (* 1989), actress
- Roy Ernest Hay (* 1961), musician
- Robert Lloyd (* 1940), opera singer
- Jamie Oliver (* 1975), chef
- Warren Ellis (* 1968), author of comics, books and screenplays
- Rosalie Cunningham (* 1990), singer-songwriter