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Southend aerial 220608.jpg
Coordinates 51 ° 32 '  N , 0 ° 43'  E Coordinates: 51 ° 32 '  N , 0 ° 43'  E
OS National Grid TQ883856
Southend-on-Sea (England)
Residents 182,463 (as of: 2018)
surface 41.76 km² (16.12  mi² )
Population density: 4,369 inhabitants per km²
Post town Southend-on-Sea
ZIP code section SS1
Part of the country England
region East of England
Shire county Essex
ONS code 00KF
Greater London Southend-on-Sea Thurrock Essex Borough of Medway Kent Nordsee Birmingham Coventry Metropolitan Borough of Solihull Wolverhampton Metropolitan Borough of Walsall Sandwell Metropolitan Borough of Dudley Kirklees City of Wakefield City of Leeds City of Bradford Calderdale North Tyneside South Tyneside City of Sunderland Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead Newcastle upon Tyne Metropolitan Borough of Wirral Liverpool Metropolitan Borough of Sefton Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley Metropolitan Borough of St Helens Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley Sheffield Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster Metropolitan Borough of Wigan City of Salford Trafford Manchester Metropolitan Borough of Stockport Tameside Metropolitan Borough of Oldham Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough of Bury Metropolitan Borough of Bolton Frankreich Irland Isle of Man Schottland Nordirland Wales Greater London Surrey Buckinghamshire Kent Essex Hertfordshire Suffolk Norfolk Lincolnshire Rutland Cambridgeshire East Sussex West Sussex Isle of Wight Hampshire Dorset Devon (England) Cornwall Bristol Somerset Wiltshire Gloucestershire Leicestershire Northamptonshire Oxfordshire Herefordshire Warwickshire Worcestershire West Midlands (Metropolitan County) Shropshire Staffordshire Nottinghamshire Derbyshire Cheshire Merseyside Greater Manchester South Yorkshire East Riding of Yorkshire West Yorkshire Lancashire North Yorkshire Cumbria Northumberland Tyne and Wear County Durham (Unitary Authority) Darlington Borough of Stockton-on-Tees Middlesbrough Redcar and Cleveland Hartlepool Blackburn with Darwen City of York Kingston upon Hull North East Lincolnshire Borough of Halton Borough of Warrington Cheshire West and Chester Stoke-on-Trent Telford and Wrekin Derby (Derbyshire) Nottingham Leicester City of Peterborough Borough of Swindon Southend-on-Sea Borough of Medway Thurrock Bedfordshire Borough of Milton Keynes Luton Central Bedfordshire North Somerset South Gloucestershire Bath and North East Somerset Plymouth Torbay Scilly-Inseln Poole Bournemouth Southampton Portsmouth Brighton and Hove Reading West Berkshire Wokingham Bracknell Forest Slough Windsor and Maidenhead
Location of Southend-on-Sea in England

Southend-on-Sea is a city in the county of Essex in Great Britain with 182,463 inhabitants (as of 2018). The seaside resort is located on the north bank of the Thames - confluence with the North Sea and is an industrial center with electrical and pharmaceutical industries as well as the cultural center of the region with theaters , cinemas , museums and galleries . Since 1998 the Borough of Southend-on-Sea is an independent administrative unit ( Unitary Authority ) within the administrative region East of England .

City structure

The city includes the following districts: Chalkwell, Eastwood, Leigh-on-Sea, Prittlewell, Shoeburyness, Southchurch, Thorpe Bay and Westcliff-on-Sea.


The place was founded by pagan Saxons as Prittlewell between 500 and 850 AD . The name Southend ( Sowthende ) has been used since 1481 .

Southend-on-Sea was first mentioned as a seaside resort in 1768. In 1793 the royal hotel and the terrace were built . In the 19th century the place developed into a fashionable seaside resort. The pier, which was opened in 1889 and expanded several times, is 2.16 kilometers long, making it the longest amusement pier in the world.

The pier was damaged by fire several times, for example in 1959, 1976 and 1992. During the most recent fire on October 9, 2005, several buildings on the pier were destroyed, for example a train station and a pub.

In 1856 the place was connected to the country's rail network. On August 15, 1892, Southend-on-Sea was granted town charter.


In the year 1110 which was Cluniacs - priory built. The museum set up in the restored priory is worth seeing. Also of interest are the Central Museum, the Planetarium , Southchurch Hall, and the Beecroft Art Gallery. Also worth seeing are the parks and the Southend Pier , which is the longest pier in the world with a length of 2,158 m .


The railway Great Eastern Railway (or one ) connects the city from the train station Southend Victoria over Billericay with the London station Liverpool Street . The c2c ( London, Tilbury and Southend Railway ) line connects Southend Central and Southend East stations via Tilbury with London's Fenchurch Street station .

The bus transport is handled by the Arriva and First Group companies , which mutually recognize their tickets. National Express operates a daily bus route to Liverpool and the First Group bus X30 connects Southend-on-Sea to London Stansted Airport. The A13 road and the four-lane A127 road connect Southend-on-Sea with London.

The London Southend Airport emerged from the military airfield Rochford and now offers maintenance and repair work on on aircraft, pilot training, corporate and leisure flights as well as on Saturdays in summer scheduled flights to Jersey. There are plans to expand the airport including the addition of a train station in 2009. In December 2008, Southend Airport was bought by the Stobart Group for £ 21 million. Several new shops were built next to the airport. In April 2012, the low-cost airline easyJet opened a base here.


Individual evidence

  1. Mid 2018 Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
  2. Mid 2018 Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
  3. - easyJet to launch services from London Southend Airport (English) June 17, 2011