|City of Southampton|
|OS National Grid||SU 42 11|
|Residents||252,796 (as of June 30, 2018)|
|surface||49.84 km² (19.24 mi² )|
|Population density:||5072 inhabitants per km²|
|ZIP code section||SO14-SO19|
|Part of the country||England|
Southampton [ saʊθˈæmptən ] is a major port city in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the south coast of England in County Hampshire . It is located on Southampton Water , the mouth of the Test and Itchen rivers in the English Channel . The city has 254,000 inhabitants. As a metropolitan region, it is loosely merged with other places around the Solent to form the Southampton Urban Area (856,000 inhabitants).
The city was founded by the Romans around 70 AD under the name of Clausentum . The settlement had a predominantly strategic importance as a port for the then already important cities of Salisbury and Winchester . The city gained greater importance after the Norman invasion in 1066. At that time it was called "Hamwic". Nearby Winchester became the capital of England and Southampton the main trading port. With the start of British expansion in Asia and North America , the port lost its prominent position to cities like Liverpool .
The boom came in the mid-19th century when several shipyards opened in Southampton. The ship became the most important industrial and port expanded through increased trade on the North Atlantic . In 1907 the White Star Line moved its headquarters to Southampton, followed by Cunard in 1919 . An airport and several factories were built by the Second World War . Among other things, the first Spitfire aircraft were developed and built in the Woolston district . During the war, the historic old town was destroyed by German bombs and V1 attacks as part of the Battle of Britain . After the war, the city was rebuilt in a modern way and constantly expanded. With the increasing number of air traffic , the number of ship travelers decreased and one concentrated on cruises and freight traffic. Since the 1990s, tourism has also increased significantly, also due to the proximity to the popular New Forest holiday area .
Port and shipping
The port (English Port of Southampton) is traditionally the economic and cultural center of the city. It became known, for example, as the departure port of the Titanic in 1912. Southampton is an important European starting point for cruises, with more than 200 calls by cruise ships per year. The ships of the shipping company Cunard Line are based here, but officially registered in Hamilton ( Bermuda ) since 2011 . The port has seen steady growth in freight traffic since the 1970s and is one of the most important ports in Great Britain. The 'SCT 5' container terminal was opened in March 2014 and is the second most important in England after Felixstowe with an annual turnover of over 1.5 million TEU (as of 2014). DP World is now the sole operator of the container terminal , having acquired the last of the shares in the terminal from Associated British Ports , which has operated the Port of Southampton since 1982. Oil handling is of great importance. Oil companies BP and ExxonMobil built two oil refineries on Southampton Water. The ExxonMobil refinery in Fawley is the largest in the UK.
The Maritime Administration, Maritime & Coastguard Agency (MCA), an executive agency under the UK Department of Transport, is headquartered in Southampton. The Coast Guard ( Her Majesty's Coastguard ) also belongs to it .
In 2016, Southampton had an estimated 254,275 inhabitants. The 2011 census counted 119,500 men and 117,400 women in the city.
In March 2007 there were 120,305 jobs in Southampton. Over a quarter of the city's jobs are in the health and education sectors.
- Museum of Archeology in God's House Tower , a fortified tower from the 15th century with exhibits from the Roman past and city models from the Middle Ages .
- Tudor House Museum in a half-timbered house from 1495. The museum rooms are in styles from the 16th to 19th centuries. Century furnished. The life of a family in Victorian times is recreated.
- Medieval Merchants House , a merchant's house from 1290; the everyday life of a wealthy merchant family in the late Middle Ages is depicted.
- SeaCity Museum (Havelock Road, Southampton, Hampshire, SO14 7FY) , with various exhibitions, which also offers a permanent Titanic exhibition, which was previously housed in the now closed Maritime Museum.
- City Art Gallery , the municipal gallery in the Civic Center with works by modern painters and English classics such as Gainsborough and Reynolds .
- Hall of Aviation , an aviation museum with seaplanes, submarines , helicopters and a legendary Spitfire designed by local designer RJ Mitchell
- Ocean Village is a modern marina with restaurants.
sons and daughters of the town
- Edward Abraham (1913-1999), biochemist
- Darren Anderton (born 1972), football player
- Mike Batt (* 1949), musician and composer
- Teddy Billington (1882–1966), American racing cyclist
- Jolyon Brettingham Smith (1949–2008), composer and musician
- Wayne Bridge (born 1980), football player
- Oliver Bromby (* 1998), athlete
- John Burdett (* 1951), writer and lawyer
- Laura Carmichael (* 1986) actress
- Garry Chalk (born 1952), Canadian actor
- Will Champion (* 1978), drummer for the band Coldplay
- Martin Chivers (* 1945), football player
- Craig David (* 1981), musician
- Jonathan Dibben (* 1994), racing cyclist
- Charles Dibdin (1745-1814), poet
- Ted Drake (1912–1995), football player and coach
- Norman Draper (* 1931), mathematician
- Alan Fitzpatrick (*?) Producer and techno DJ
- Benny Glaser (* 1989), poker player
- Frank Groundsell (1889–1941), comedian and entertainment musician
- Keith E. Gubbins (* 1937), chemical engineer and physical chemist
- Stephen Hammond (born 1962), politician (Conservative Party)
- Benny Hill (1924-1992), comedian
- Horace Lambert Alexander Hood (1870-1916), Admiral
- Bruce Irons (1924–1983), English-Canadian engineer
- John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe (1859-1935), Admiral
- Allen Jones (* 1937), Pop Art artist
- Howard Jones (born 1955), musician
- Lukas Jutkiewicz (* 1989), Polish-English soccer player
- Danielle King (* 1990), racing cyclist
- Jona Lewie (* 1947), musician
- Wally Masur (born 1963), Australian tennis player
- Joseph Merhi (* 1953), film director and producer
- John Everett Millais (1829-1896), painter
- Alan R. Moon (* 1951), game designer
- Iain Percy (* 1976), sailor and two-time Olympic champion
- Peter Phillips (* 1953), British choir conductor and musicologist
- Stanley Ridges (1890–1951), stage, film and television actor
- Nick Rogers (* 1977), regatta sailor
- Ken Russell (1927-2011), director
- Martin Smith (1946-1997), drummer
- Adela Verne (1877–1952), composer, pianist and music teacher
- Alice Verne-Bredt (1868–1958), composer, pianist and music teacher
- Mathilde Verne (1865–1936), pianist and music teacher
- Pippa Wilson (* 1986), regatta sailor
- Mary Wurm (1860–1938), pianist, composer and music teacher
- Alison Wyeth (* 1964), middle and long distance runner
- James Lucas Yeo (1782-1818), naval officer
- James Zabiela (* 1979), DJ
- Rems-Murr-Kreis ( Germany )
- Le Havre ( France )
- Kalisz ( Poland )
- Qingdao ( People's Republic of China )
- Mid 2018 Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
- V1 attacks
- Port Information (viewed July 18, 2015)
- Reports from the ports of the world: Great Britain . In: Hansa , issue 1/2016, p. 59