|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Administrative headquarters :||Waiblingen|
|Area :||858.13 km 2|
|Residents:||426,158 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||497 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||WN, BK|
|Circle key :||08 1 19|
|Circle structure:||31 municipalities|
|Address of the
|Alter Postplatz 10
|District Administrator :||Richard Sigel ( independent )|
|Location of the Rems-Murr district in Baden-Württemberg|
The Rems-Murr-Kreis is an 858.14 km² district in Baden-Württemberg with its seat in Waiblingen . It was created in 1973 from the former Waiblingen district , large parts of the former Backnang district and a smaller part of the former Schwäbisch Gmünd district . It is named after the two rivers Rems and Murr , which shape the relief of the district with its valleys and side valleys.
The district's main settlement areas are in the west of the district, where it has a share in the Gäu landscapes with the Neckar basin and the Backnanger Bay , and in the Remstal , which runs from east to west in the south of the district. South of the Remstal, the heights of the Schurwald form the district boundary. The central and northern part of the district belongs to the Swabian-Franconian Forest , which here includes the Welzheimer Forest , the Murrhardter Forest and the south of the Mainhardter Forest and the Löwensteiner Mountains . The forest areas are interrupted by the valleys of the Murr, which forms the central valley in the north of the district, the Wieslauf , the "Spiegelberger" Lauter and the Buchenbach . The mountain range of Berglen rises between the Murr, Rems and Wieslauftal valleys . In the far west, the district extends to the right bank of the Neckar (a little above or south of the Rems estuary).
The Rems-Murr-Kreis borders in a clockwise direction in the southwest on the state capital Stuttgart and then on the districts of Ludwigsburg , Heilbronn , Schwäbisch Hall , Ostalbkreis , Göppingen and Esslingen .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.
The Rems-Murr-Kreis has the following nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 833.37 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 0.97 percent.
- Mountain slide on the Kirchsteig near Urbach : 4.3 ha, Urbach district
- Bodenbach Gorge : 8.6 ha; Spiegelberg district
- Buchenbachtal : 118.4 ha; Districts Burgstall and Affalterbach (Ludwigsburg district)
- Gaab : 13.0 ha; Gemarkungen Murrhardt and church Kirnberg
- Hägeles and Brunnenblade : 5.4 ha; District Kaisersbach
- Harbach spring swamp : 0.6 ha; District Murrhardt
- Hirschäcker : 14.5 ha; Winterbach district
- Hörschbach Gorge : 46.4 ha; Markings S Wechselberg, Oberbrüden and Murrhardt
- Jägerhölzle : 2.7 ha; Rudersberg district
- Kappelberg : 2.0 ha; Fellbach district
- Leintal between Leinecksee and Leinhäusle : 202.5 ha, Alfdorf district
- Morning sand and sea pool : 40.5 ha; Landmarks Haubersbronn and Oberurbach
- Upper Zipfelbachtal with side cliff and parts of the Sonnenberg : 41.6 ha, Waiblingen and Winnenden districts
- Oeffinger Scillawald : 11.8 ha; Oeffingen district
- Rehfeldsee : 6.5 ha; Districts Weiler and Schorndorf
- Red Burren : 4.7 ha; Plüderhausen district
- Rottal between Hüttenbühl and Buchengehren : 78.0 ha, Alfdorf district
- Schmalenberg : 32.4 ha; Districts Kaisersbach, Rudersberg and Welzheim
- Seegut-Semmlersberg : 18.3 ha; Districts Cottenweiler and Oberweissach
- Sommerrain : 2.0 ha; District Allmersbach
- Steinhäusle : 20.9 ha; Parish Kirchenkirnberg
- Strümpfelbachtal : 40.0 ha; Markings Althütte , Kaisersbach and Rudersberg
- Lower Remstal : 158.3 ha; Districts Neustadt, Hegnach, Hohenacker and Neckarrems (Ludwigsburg district)
- Vordere Hohbachwiesen : 12.5 ha; District Unterurbach
- Meadow valleys near the Menzlesmühle : 62.8 ha; Districts Vordersteinenberg, Kaisersbach and Altersberg (Ostalbkreis)
- Wieslaufschlucht and Edenbachschlucht : 42.0 ha; Districts Welzheim, Rudersberg and Kaisersbach
The Rems-Murr district was formed by the district reform on January 1, 1973 . At that time, the old district of Waiblingen was combined with most of the old district of Backnang to form the new Rems-Murr district. In addition, the community of Alfdorf was incorporated into the old district of Schwäbisch Gmünd . The two old districts of Waiblingen and Backnang go back to the old Württemberg upper offices of Waiblingen and Backnang , which were established during the times of the Duchy of Württemberg . In the course of history they were changed several times and in 1934/38 transferred to the districts of Waiblingen and Backnang. At that time, the Waiblingen district accepted almost all the communities in the Schorndorf Oberamt and many communities in the Welzheim Oberamt , while the Backnang district included many of the communities in the Gaildorf , Marbach and Welzheim Oberamts .
On January 1st, 1977 there was a small exchange of territory with the Ostalbkreis .
After the municipal reform has been completed, the Rems-Murr district will still comprise 31 municipalities, including eight cities and of these, in turn, six " large district towns " (Backnang, Fellbach, Schorndorf, Waiblingen, Weinstadt and Winnenden). The largest city is Waiblingen, the smallest municipality is Spiegelberg.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).
According to the 2011 census, 42.9% of the population were Protestant, 22.0% Roman Catholic and 35.1% belonged to other denominations or religious communities or were non-denominational . At the end of 2019, 20.0% (85,310) Catholics lived in the district.
The district is administered by the district council and the district administrator. The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. This body elects the district administrator for a term of eight years. This is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.
The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following preliminary results.
|Parties and constituencies||
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||23.34||21st||30.76||28||29.59||27||35.00||34||37.9||36||33.5||31||38.5||37|
|FW||Free voters in the Rems-Murr-Kreis eV||18.93||18th||16.94||15th||16.46||14th||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||17.94||16||12.22||12||11.20||10||10.24||9||8.4||7th||11.2||10||9.3||8th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||14.19||13||18.93||16||20.27||18th||21.27||18th||23.2||20th||25.7||24||27.6||26th|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party - Free Voters||12.63||11||11.47||10||17.54||15th||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||8.47||8th||4.74||4th||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|ÖDP||Ecological Democratic Party||1.84||2||1.63||1||2.04||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|GEM||Joint election proposals from various parties||-||-||-||-||-||-||17.1||14th||18.5||15th||25.0||23||22.8||21st|
|Flat share||Electoral associations||-||-||-||-||-||-||13.2||11||8.5||7th||-||-||1.8||1|
- WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.
- GEM: Joint election proposals, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down reliably to individual groups of voters (differences between the data from the State Office for Statistics and the data provided by the district for the 2004 district elections).
The district administrators of the Backnang district 1945–1972:
- 1945: Josef Schäfer (acting)
- 1945–1946: Friedrich Tränkle (acting)
- 1946–1960: Karl Limbeck
- 1960–1972: Wilhelm Schippert
The district administrators of the Waiblingen district 1945–1972:
- 1945–1946: Anton Schmidt
- 1947–1948: Fritzmartin Ascher
- 1948–1950: Karl Georg Pfleiderer , DVP
- 1950–1973: Werner Bertheau , independent
The district administrators of the Rems-Murr-Kreis since 1973:
- 1973–2002: Horst Lässing , CDU
- 2002–2015: Johannes Fuchs , FDP
- since 2015: Richard Sigel , independent
coat of arms
Description : In gold, between two slanted blue wavy strips, a slanted black stag stick
(Coats of arms awarded November 4, 1974)
Meaning: The stag bar stands for the House of Württemberg, which has ruled the majority of today's district area since the 14th century. The two wavy strips symbolize the Rems and Murr rivers, which gave the district its name.
The Rems-Murr-Kreis maintains partnership relationships with the Meißen district in Saxony (since 1990), the Baranya county in Hungary (since 1991), and the Rayon and the city of Dmitrow in Russia (since 1991).
Economy and Infrastructure
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Rems-Murr-Kreis took 78th place out of 402 rural districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the places with “high future opportunities”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 99th out of 401.
With the companies Ericsson and Tesat-Spacecom there are two high-tech companies in Backnang. The international manufacturer of chainsaws and small power tools, Andreas Stihl AG & Co. KG, has its headquarters in Waiblingen-Neustadt. The Robert Bosch GmbH has two plants in Waiblingen (for connection technology and packaging technology) and one in Murrhardt. Winnenden is the seat of the cleaning equipment manufacturer Kärcher . The US automotive supplier TRW Automotive has set up one of its technology centers (airbag and seat belt) in Alfdorf.
There is no federal motorway running through the district, as the plans for an Odenwald-Neckar-Alb motorway (A 45) and a federal motorway 85 have been abandoned. The A 81 Stuttgart - Würzburg passes only a few kilometers west of the district. The district is thus the most populous in Germany without a motorway connection.
The most important roads in the district are the four-lane B 29 Waiblingen– Aalen and the B 14 Stuttgart– Schwäbisch Hall , which has four lanes up to the Nellmersbach junction . A further expansion of the B 14 to Backnang is planned.
The district is connected to the Stuttgart S-Bahn network. Line S2 runs from Filderstadt and the airport / exhibition center, then Stuttgart via Fellbach and Waiblingen to Schorndorf . To do this, she uses the Remsbahn , which leads beyond the district boundary to Aalen , has two tracks throughout and is electrified. A pair of trains on the Intercity route 61 Karlsruhe – Nuremberg-Leipzig also runs here.
The regular special trips of the Swabian Forest Railway also start here in the summer months, often with steam locomotives, via Rudersberg to Welzheim.
From Backnang , the Backnang – Ludwigsburg line runs as the S4 S-Bahn to Marbach am Neckar . The Murrbahn was only electrified in the 1990s. It is the shortest connection from Stuttgart via Schwäbisch Hall and Crailsheim to Nuremberg .
Long-distance passenger trains run irregularly from Waiblingen via Schorndorf and Aalen to Crailsheim. The Backnang - Schwäbisch Hall (-Hessental) section is electrified, but only single-track, as is the Marbach / Neckar - Backnang section.
The Rems-Murr-Kreis is responsible for the following vocational schools : Backnang vocational school, Eduard-Breuninger-Schule Backnang (commercial school), Anna-Haag-Schule (home economics school) Backnang, Grafenberg-Schule Schorndorf (commercial school), Johann-Philipp -Palm-Schule Schorndorf (commercial school), commercial school Waiblingen, commercial school Waiblingen and Maria-Merian-Schule (home economics school) Waiblingen, as well as the special education and counseling centers with a focus on mental development and physical and motor development, each with a school kindergarten in Fellbach-Schmiden (Fröbelschule), Murrhardt (Bodelschwinghschule), Kernen-Stetten (Theodor-Dierlamm-Schule) and Schorndorf (Fröbelschule), the Christian-Morgenstern-Schule with school kindergartens in Waiblingen, Schorndorf and Sulzbach an der Murr (focus on language) and of the Waiblingen Clinic School (funding focus for students in long-term hospital treatment) .
The Rems-Murr-Kreis is also a partner in the Rems-Murr-Kliniken gGmbH with clinics in Schorndorf and Winnenden. Other clinics are the Center for Psychiatry Winnenden (public law institution), the Geriatric Rehabilitation Clinic Bethel Welzheim and the two private clinics Waiblinger Zentralklinik GmbH and the specialist clinic for the treatment of alcohol and drug addiction Wilhelmsheim in Oppenweiler.
- Conversion of the hospitals into a GmbH and new building
On July 14, 2008, the district council decided to operate the three hospitals in Waiblingen, Backnang and Schorndorf, which had previously been run as a company, in the legal form of a non-profit GmbH. At the same meeting, the district council decided on the largest investment project in the history of the district: the construction of the district hospital in Winnenden. The costs should amount to around 266 million euros. With the opening of the district hospital in Winnenden in July 2014, the hospitals in Waiblingen and Backnang were closed. The Schorndorf Hospital continues to exist.
In order to maintain the natural monuments in the district, the district office, as one of the few in Germany, maintains its own landscape maintenance team , consisting of a full-time employee and four places for the federal voluntary service .
cities and communes
(Residents on December 31, 2018)
On January 1, 1973, the district of Rems-Murr-Kreis, which was united with the district of Backnang, was assigned the distinctive sign WN , which has been valid for the district of Waiblingen since July 1, 1956 . It is still issued today.
Since 2007, BK has also been the primary (among a total of seven ) characteristics of the Börde district , which is located west of Magdeburg in Saxony-Anhalt. Thus, for the first time, the same distinguishing mark will be issued in two registration districts and in two federal states. Both circles have divided the number blocks available using letter-number combinations. The district of Börde has two letters and numbers from 100–9999, the Rems-Murr district has one letter and numbers up to 9999 and two letters and numbers up to 99, although the letters B, F, G, I, O and Q are not be available.
- Horst Lässing (Ed.) - Der Rems-Murr-Kreis , Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-8062-0243-5 .
- The state of Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description according to districts and municipalities (in eight volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume III: Region Stuttgart - Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 .
- Reinhard Wolf (Ed.) - The nature reserves in the Stuttgart district . Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 2002. ISBN 3-7995-5173-5 .
- Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- land according to type of actual use in 2015
- LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 463 f .
- Rems-Murr Religion District , accessed on August 2, 2020
- Church statistics of the dioceses in Germany annual survey 2019 , accessed on August 2, 2020
- (91 seats, previously 88 seats). 
- Rems-Murr-Kreis: Preliminary results of the 2019 district assembly . May 28, 2019, accessed on May 30, 2019 .
- - ( Memento from September 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Result of the district election 2014
- - ( Memento from September 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Result of the district election 2009
- - ( Memento of September 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Result of the district election 2004
-  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections 1989–2009
-  ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in district elections 1989–2009
- Stuttgarter Nachrichten 2010: Johannes Fuchs remains Rems-Murr-Landrat ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
- Archived copy ( memento of March 18, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) District council decides to build a new hospital in Winnenden
- - ( Memento from September 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive )