District of Loerrach

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Loerrach Map of Germany, position of the district of Loerrach highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 37 '  N , 7 ° 40'  E

Basic data
Existing period: 1973–
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
Region : Upper Rhine-Lake Constance
Administrative headquarters : Loerrach
Area : 806.76 km 2
Residents: 228,639 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 283 inhabitants per km 2
License plate :
Circle key : 08 3 36
Circle structure: 35 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Palmstrasse 3
79539 Loerrach
Website : www.loerrach-landkreis.de
District Administrator : Marion Dammann ( Free Voters )
Location of the district of Loerrach in Baden-Württemberg
Frankreich Schweiz Österreich Bodensee Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Freistaat Bayern Alb-Donau-Kreis Baden-Baden Landkreis Biberach Landkreis Böblingen Bodenseekreis Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Calw Landkreis Emmendingen Enzkreis Landkreis Esslingen Freiburg im Breisgau Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Göppingen Heidelberg Landkreis Heidenheim Landkreis Heilbronn Heilbronn Hohenlohekreis Landkreis Karlsruhe Karlsruhe Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Lörrach Landkreis Ludwigsburg Main-Tauber-Kreis Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Ortenaukreis Ostalbkreis Pforzheim Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Ravensburg Rems-Murr-Kreis Landkreis Reutlingen Rhein-Neckar-Kreis Landkreis Rottweil Landkreis Schwäbisch Hall Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Landkreis Sigmaringen Stuttgart Landkreis Tübingen Landkreis Tuttlingen Ulm Landkreis Waldshut Zollernalbkreismap
About this picture

The district of Lörrach is a district in the extreme southwest of the state of Baden-Württemberg ( Germany ). It belongs to the administrative district of Freiburg and the regional association Hochrhein-Bodensee .



The Wiesental (named after the Wiese river ) as the northeastern part of the district belongs to the Black Forest and stretches up to the Feldberg , the highest mountain in the Black Forest . In the west rise the vineyards of the Markgräfler hill country , in the south the Dinkelberg . Between Dinkelberg and the Swiss Jura , the High Rhine Valley stretches westwards and widens northwards to Basel to the Upper Rhine Plain .

Division of space

According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.


The district of Loerrach has the following nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 6,162.82 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 7.64 percent.

  1. Old Rhine Wyhlen : 23.4 hectares; Community Grenzach-Wyhlen - district Wyhlen
  2. On the corner : 3.1 ha; Community Schliengen - districts Liel and Mauchen
  3. Belchen : 1614.8 ha (of which 1239.6 ha in the Lörrach district); Municipality Small Wiesental - Neuenweg district, community Böllen - district Böllen, community Schönberg - Schönberg district, municipality Aitern - Aitern district and community Wieden - Wieden district
  4. Blansinger Grien : 23.6 ha; Commune Efringen-Kirchen - districts Kleinkems and Huttingen
  5. Buchswald near Grenzach : 92.8 ha; Grenzach-Wyhlen community - Grenzach and Wyhlen districts
  6. Buhrenboden : 16.1 ha; City of Rheinfelden - districts Eichsel and Minseln
  7. Buttenberghalde : 18.8 ha; Community Inzlingen - Inzlingen district
  8. Eichholz-Buchholz : 34.6 ha; Bad Bellingen municipality - Rheinweiler district , Efringen-Kirchen municipality - Kleinkems district
  9. Feldberg : 4226 ha (of which 738.9 ha in the Lörrach district); City of St. Blasien - Menzenschwand district , Bernau municipality in the Black Forest - Bernau district
  10. Gallows Hole : 11.8 ha; Municipalities of Bad Bellingen - Bellingen district, Schliengen municipality - Schliengen marking
  11. Präg glacier basin : 2,866.8 ha; City of Todtnau - districts Todtnau, Geschwend , Präg and Schlechtnau , city of Schönau in the Black Forest - district of Schönau and municipality of Tunau - district of Tunau
  12. Isteiner Klotz : 26.0 ha; Efringen-Kirchen community - Huttingen , Istein and Kleinkems districts
  13. Kapellengrien : 65.9 ha; Bad Bellingen municipality - Rheinweiler district, Efringen-Kirchen municipality - Kleinkems district
  14. Käppelin gravel pit : 21.7 ha; City of Weil am Rhein - District Weil am Rhein
  15. Weberalten gravel pit : 6.3 ha; City of Rheinfelden - Herten district
  16. Krebsbachtal : 22.8 ha, city of Weil am Rhein - districts of Weil and Haltingen
  17. Langenbach-Trubelsbach : 36.0 ha; City of Todtnau - Muggenbrunn district
  18. Leuengraben : 139.9 ha; City of Rheinfelden - Herten district, Grenzach-Wyhlen community - Wyhlen district
  19. Nonnenmattweiher : 70.8 ha; Municipality Small Wiesental - district Neuenweg
  20. Rümminger Moos : 12.2 ha; Community Rümmingen - district Rümmingen
  21. Ruschbachtal : 30.7 ha; Grenzach-Wyhlen community - Wyhlen district
  22. Rütscheten : 5.6 ha; Bad Bellingen municipality - Bad Bellingen district
  23. Graveyard : 2.8 ha; Efringen-Kirchen community - Istein district
  24. Utzenfluh : 272.5 ha; Community Utzenfeld - district Utzenfeld, City Todtnau - districts Schlechtnau and Geschwend
  25. Mouth of the weir : 12.1 ha; City of Wehr - district Öflingen , municipality Schwörstadt - district Schwörstadt
  26. Wiedener Weidberge : 379.0 ha; Wieden municipality - Wieden district

Neighboring areas

The district borders on the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district in the north and the Waldshut district in the east . It also borders clockwise with Switzerland (cantons Aargau , Basel-Landschaft and Basel-Stadt ) and France ( Département Haut-Rhin in the former Alsace region ).


Administrative districts at the end of the Old Kingdom

At the end of the "Old Empire" around 1800 there were a large number of administrative districts in what is now the Lörrach district. This was not unusual for the south-west of Germany, but the fragmentation did not only exist at the level of the manors and imperial estates , but areas of the district were also in three different imperial districts .

There was also fragmentation within the Upper Austrian Office of Breisgau . Only the Rheinfelden cameraman was directly subordinate to the government in Freiburg. In addition, three members of the Breisgau prelate class (St. Blasien monastery, Säckingen dynasty, Deutschordenskommende Beuggen) and four members of the Breisgau knighthood (barons of Andlau, von Baden, von Rotberg, von Schönau) ruled in the area of ​​today's Lörrach district.

Administrative district parent administrative district belonging to the Empire belonging to the Reichskreis
Landvogtei Schliengen Principality of Basel Upper Rhine Empire Circle
Oberamt Rötteln Margraviate of Baden Swabian Empire
Inzlingen ruled the kingdom of Reichenstein Oberamt Rötteln Margraviate of Baden Swabian Empire
Bellingen reign of the barons of Andlau Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle
Liel rule by the barons of Baden Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle
Bamlach and Rheinweiler ruled by the Barons von Rotberg Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle
Rule Stetten the ladies pin Säckingen under the bailiwick of the Barons of Schonau Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle
Landscape of the Rhine Valley under the control of Rheinfelden Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle
German Order Coming Beuggen Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle
Rule of Schwörstadt by the barons of Schönau-Schwörstadt Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle
Dominion Zell of the Säckingen women's monastery under the bailiwick of the barons of Schönau-Zell Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle
Office Schönau of the St. Blasien Monastery with the Talvogteien Todtnau and Schönau (with the Vogtei Fröhnd) Oberamt Breisgau Princely county of Tyrol Austrian Imperial Circle

Historic administrative districts of Baden in the area of ​​today's Lörrach district

From 1803 to 1939 there were a number of more or less long-lived administrative districts in the Electorate of Baden , the Grand Duchy of Baden and the Republic of Baden in the area of ​​today's Lörrach district.

District Office from ... to rose in Remarks
Oberamt Rötteln until 1810 District offices Lörrach, Schopfheim, Kandern
District Office Lörrach 1810 emerged from the dissolution of the Oberamt Rötteln
District Office Schopfheim 1810 to 1938 District Office Lörrach emerged from the dissolution of the Oberamt Rötteln
District Office Kandern 1810 to 1819 District offices of Schopfheim, Lörrach, Müllheim emerged from the dissolution of the Oberamt Rötteln
District Office Schönau 1807 to 1924 District Office Schopfheim
District Office Schliengen 1803 to 1809 District offices Kandern, Lörrach de facto since 1802
District Office Beuggen 1807 to 1809 District offices Lörrach, Schopfheim, Säckingen Predecessor since 1806: "Breisgauisches KammeralAmt des Rheinthals in Nollingen"
District Office Säckingen 1807 to 1973 Districts of Waldshut and Lörrach from 1939 own district

From the transition of the Landvogtei Schliengen to Baden (de facto 1802) to 1809 there was still a Baden Oberamt Schliengen, which was then dissolved as part of the administrative reform of the Grand Duchy and largely assigned to the Kandern district office . Istein and Huttingen came to the district office of Lörrach in 1809.

In 1803, the Upper Austrian Upper Office Breisgau came to the short-lived Duchy of Modena- Breisgau through the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , which was soon inherited back to the House of Habsburg. Through the Peace of Pressburg , this duchy came to the Electorate of Baden in 1806 , which Napoleon made the Grand Duchy of Baden in the same year .

The south-western parts of the Oberamt Breisgau (dominion Zell and Talvogteien Schönau and Todtnau) were assigned to the Grand Duke of Baden “ObervogteyAmt Schönau” (later District Office Schönau ) by the general tender on the division of the Grand Duchy of Baden into districts of July 7, 1807 . The previous manorial offices of Bellingen, Liel, Bamlach, Rheinweiler and Stetten were assigned to the Oberamt Rötteln.

The previous area of ​​the German Order Coming Beuggen and the Rhine Valley landscape were combined in the new Baden office of Beuggen. In 1809 the office of Beuggen was dissolved and its municipalities were divided between the offices of Lörrach, Schopfheim and Säckingen.

The manorial rule of the barons of Schönau-Schwörstadt was initially assigned to the new Baden Oberamt Säckingen . These communities only came to the district of Lörrach in 1973.

With the organizational rescript of November 26, 1809, the previous Oberamt Rötteln was dissolved and its place was replaced by the new district offices of Lörrach, Schopfheim and Kandern , which together with other offices formed the Wiesenkreis , which then merged into the Dreisamkreis in 1815.

Development of the middle administrative level in Baden

On May 1, 1832, the remaining six districts were dissolved and replaced by four newly founded districts. The authority was no longer called the district directorate , but the district government , each headed by a government director and supported by government councilors and government assessors. The area of ​​the Dreisamkreis became part of the new Upper Rhine District to which the offices of Lörrach, Schopfheim and Schönau also belonged.

The large districts that existed in Baden between 1809 and 1863 are not to be seen as the predecessors of today's districts, but rather corresponded to today's regional councils.

The law on the organization of internal administration of October 5, 1863 created district associations as an association of municipalities for self-administration tasks. These district associations each comprised the communities in the area of ​​several administrative districts and created new self-governing bodies in parallel with the lower state administrative authorities (district offices). The executive order of the law on the organization of internal administration ... of July 12, 1864 regulated the competences of the state administrative bodies. As a supervisory authority, the state district offices and the new districts trained as self-governing organizations were assigned four state commissioners with the rank of ministerial councilors as supervisory bodies. The regional commissioner district of Freiburg (1864-1939) comprised the local self-governing body of the district of Lörrach (as well as the districts of Freiburg and Offenburg). The municipalities of the lower state administrative authorities, the district offices of Lörrach, Müllheim, Schönau (repealed in 1924) and Schopfheim (repealed in 1936), were united in the Lörrach district. The district magistrate of the Local District, the seat of the district was in the territory, was also Kreishauptmann . With the district assembly , there was already a committee with largely indirectly elected representatives of the district members, which enabled them to participate in district matters to a certain extent.

The Baden district order of June 19, 1923 confirmed the district division made in the Grand Duchy (11 districts; with the district of Lörrach in the state commissioner district of Freiburg) and again defined the districts as self-governing bodies that were still subject to state supervision by the state commissioners. There was also a district assembly whose members (district deputies ) were now directly elected. The district assembly also elected a district council , which, as a narrow body, had to decide on the business of the district when the district assembly did not meet. The circle was headed by a district chairman who was elected by the district assembly.

In the course of National Socialist conformity, the district assemblies were abolished in 1935 and the district councils lost the right to make decisions in 1936 and became advisory bodies.

The districts that existed in Baden between 1863 and 1939 were only self-governing bodies without state administrative tasks and therefore did not correspond to today's districts. The district offices that existed in Baden until 1939 had no self-administration tasks, but only state administrative tasks and therefore did not correspond to today's rural districts.

Creation of the modern district in 1939

Through the law on district self-government in Baden (district regulation) of June 24, 1939, the previous districts were dissolved on June 15, 1939 and the new districts took their place. The communities Aftersteg and Muggenbrunn were assigned to the district of Neustadt . The processing of the business of the previous districts was incumbent on the districts at the seat of the previous districts. The previous district of Lörrach as an association of local self-government and the state district office of Lörrach (the district offices of Schönau and Schopfheim had already been dissolved in 1936) were replaced by the district of Lörrach as the lower state administrative district ( organ lending ) and at the same time self-governing body . A total of 27 districts were created in Baden in 1939. The special solution in Baden with administrative authorities and self-governing bodies that existed in parallel was thus abolished and the organization was adapted to the Prussian model. At the same time, the National Socialist regime had created a uniform administrative structure which, due to the abolition of elected representative bodies, also complied with the Führer principle .

After the Second World War , the districts continued to exist in the French occupation zone as German authorities that had to meet the requirements of the occupying power. With Ordinance No. 60 on the elections to the district assemblies in Baden of September 2, 1946, the French occupying power in the state of Baden regulated the election procedure and the competencies of the district assemblies.

After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Lörrach belonged to the administrative district of South Baden , and since January 1, 1973 to the administrative district of Freiburg .

On January 1, 1972, the community of Degerfelden was reclassified to the district of Säckingen.

As a result of the district reform , the former Lörrach district was merged on January 1, 1973 with some communities in the Säckingen and Müllheim districts to form the new Lörrach district. After the municipal reform was completed , the district of Lörrach comprised 35 municipalities, including eight towns and of these, in turn, three “ large district towns ” (Lörrach, Rheinfelden (Baden) and Weil am Rhein). The largest city is Lörrach, the smallest municipality is Böllen, which is also the smallest municipality in the state.

On January 1, 1977, the Au district of the city of Schopfheim was reclassified into the Todtmoos community ( Waldshut district ).

Population development

The population figures are census results (V) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office; only the main residences are counted .

date Residents
December 31, 1973 196.278
December 31, 1975 193,655
December 31, 1980 190.832
December 31, 1985 190.822
May 25, 1987 (V) 191.004
date Residents
December 31, 1990 201,880
December 31, 1995 212.122
December 31, 2000 217.175
December 31, 2005 221.357
December 31, 2010 222,650
December 31, 2015 226,708


The district is administered by the district council and the district administrator.

District election in the district of Lörrach 2019
Turnout: 55.9% (2014: 45.7%)
n. k.
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-6.7  % p
-0.3  % p
+ 3.9  % p
-6.3  % p
+ 2.0  % p
+ 6.5  % p
+ 2.8  % p
-1.9  % p

District council

The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result.

Distribution of seats in the Lörrach district council in 2019
11 11 13 4th 16 4th 
A total of 60 seats

The results of past elections are shown in the following table:

Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union 26.8 16 32.2 19th 31.6 19th 36.5 24 38.0 26th 33.1 23 33.3 21st
FW Free voters 21.2 13 20.1 12 19.7 12 19.3 14th - - - - - -
Flat share Electoral associations - - - - - - - - 22.9 14th 19.4 12 17.4 10
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 18.9 11 16.8 9 13.6 7th 10.8 6th 8.5 5 13.1 8th 10.4 6th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 17.4 11 24.5 14th 24.1 15th 24.5 17th 24.7 16 27.7 19th 30.4 19th
FDP Free Democratic Party 7.3 4th 4.6 3 7.6 4th 6.4 4th 4.7 3 6.6 5 8.6 5
AfD Alternative for Germany 6.3 4th - - - - - - - - - - - -
LEFT THE LEFT. 2.1 1 - - 0.3 0 - - - - - - - -
YOU The independents - - 1.9 2 3.1 2 1.3 1 - - - - - -
JF Young forum - - - - - - 1.3 1 - - - - - -
REP The Republicans - - - - - - - - 1.2 - - - - -
total 100 60 100 59 100 59 100 67 100 64 100 67 100 61
voter turnout 55.9% 45.7% 46.4% 47.1% 49.1% 62.0% 56.4%
  • WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 1999 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.

District Administrator

The district administrator is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as the chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of ​​responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.

The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Lörrach since 1809:

District administrators of the district office of Lörrach
District administrators of the Lörrach district

District finances

As of December 31, 2016, the Lörrach district, including its own operations and companies, was in debt with around EUR 9.7 million, which corresponds to around EUR 43 per capita in relation to the number of inhabitants. The district is thus the district with the third lowest per capita debt in Baden-Württemberg.

coat of arms

Divided and half-split: at the top, in silver, a left-turning, growing red lion; below in front a red sloping bar in gold, behind in blue a slanting left silver wave bar (coat of arms awarded January 29, 1957 / December 11, 1973)

The lion symbolizes the Lords of Rötteln , who had their ancestral castle in the Wiesental with Rötteln Castle. The red sloping bar in gold is the coat of arms of Baden (the margraves of Baden later inherited the Röttler estates) and the waves represent the Wiese river, which flows through the district.

Economy and Infrastructure

View of the large district town of Lörrach with the outgoing Wiesental (in the foreground the A 98 )

In the Future Atlas 2016, the district of Lörrach was ranked 74th out of 402 districts and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the districts with “high future prospects”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 168th out of 401.

There are major structural differences within the district. The region in the front and middle Wiesental and in the High Rhine Valley is densely populated and heavily industrialized. The textile industry was particularly widespread in the Wiesental. The valley and high areas of the southern Black Forest are sparsely populated and characterized by agriculture and tourism . The Markgräflerland to the west is characterized by special crops such as fruit growing and viticulture.

In the Rhine valley , the thermal baths in Bad Bellingen, are the youngest spa in the region.



The A 98 running through Lörrach

Two major highways run through the Upper Rhine Plain from north to south: the federal highway 5 and the federal highway 3 . From the A 5 , the A 98 branches off at the Weil am Rhein motorway triangle . It leads via Lörrach to Rheinfelden (Baden) . At the only partially completed Hochrhein motorway triangle , this merges into the A 861 , crosses the Rhine west of Rheinfelden (Baden) and Rheinfelden (CH) and connects the district with the Swiss A3 . The long-term plan is to extend the A 98 in an easterly direction to Waldshut-Tiengen . So far, the B 34 has largely taken on the higher-level traffic along the High Rhine to Lake Constance .

In the north-south axis, the B 317 follows the valley axis of the Wiesental and connects the triangle with the Feldberg Pass , which is already in the neighboring district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald .

The highest pass road in the district leads over the Hohtannhöhe at 1180  m above sea level. NHN . The border with the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district runs at the top of the pass. There are a total of six passes in the district, the height of which is over 1000 meters.


The first line of the Baden State Railways , the Badische Hauptbahn , reached the district in Schliengen from Freiburg in 1847 and was expanded in sections in 1848 to Efringen-Kirchen, in 1851 to Haltingen and in 1855 to Basel, where a "Badischer Bahnhof" is located in the Klein-Basel district on the right bank of the Rhine. (Railway station on German customs territory in the Swiss city of Basel ). In the following year you could drive to Säckingen; this route, known as the Hochrheinbahn , continues to Constance.

The district town of Lörrach was connected as a private railway from the Badischer Bahnhof in Basel in 1862 to the rail network through the Basel – Schopfheim line of the Wiesental Railway Company , which was continued in 1876 by the Schopfheim-Zeller Railway Company . This was followed in 1889 by the narrow-gauge Zell – Todtnau railway, which was built by the "Badische Eisenbahn-Konsortium H. Bachstein " and later belonged to the Süddeutsche Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft , which continued from Zell to Todtnau and was also known as the "Obere Wiesentalbahn". The Kandertal was opened up in 1895 by the Haltingen – Kandern line ( Kandertalbahn ) operated by Vering & Waechter .

The “ Strategic RailwaysSäckingen – Schopfheim and Lörrach – Weil , which were built in 1890 by the Baden State Railways, were used to bypass neutral Switzerland in the event of war . As early as 1878, a railway line ran from Weil across the Rhine to St. Ludwig in Alsace .

The Badischer Bahnhof Basel is nowadays - although it is located on Swiss territory - the central transfer station for the extreme south-west of Germany with partly very good long-distance traffic connections (e.g. free transfer to Frankfurt Airport, to Berlin or even to Amsterdam). There is at least an hourly service in the north-south direction (Rhineland / Berlin – Upper Rhine – Switzerland– (Italy)) by means of the ICE, and the additional ICE line Zurich – Hamburg runs every two hours. In local and regional traffic, the S5 (Weil am Rhein – Lörrach – Steinen) and S6 (Basel SBB – Basel Bad Bf – Lörrach – Zell im Wiesental) of the Basel S-Bahn run every 30 minutes, the regional train to Waldshut every hour, as well as the regional express line Basel Bad Bf – Offenburg and the Interregio-Express line Basel Bad Bf – Singen – Friedrichshafen – Ulm, which is used by tilting technology trains .

Of the 122 kilometers, 45 kilometers were shut down:

  • 1937: Weil – Palmrain (Haltingen Süd) –St. Ludwig (5 km)
  • 1966: Zell (Wiesental) –Todtnau (19 km)
  • 1971: Säckingen – Wehr – Hasel – Schopfheim (8 km)
  • 1983: Haltingen – Kandern (still in operation as a museum railway) (13 km)

A municipal tram operated in Lörrach from 1919 to 1939 and from 1947 to 1967 , which was an extension of line 6 of the Basel trams , but was only used continuously from 1925 to 1939. Since 2014 Lörrach has been connected to the Basel tram network again.

The most important new building project for DB is the long-distance route through the Katzenberg tunnel in the north of the district parallel to the Rhine Valley Railway. The winding section there is thereby given a bypass.


With the Rhine port in Weil am Rhein , the district is connected to Europoort in Rotterdam , the Netherlands, via the Rhine .


The district of Lörrach is located in the catchment area of ​​the binational EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg .

District facilities

The district of Lörrach is responsible for the following vocational schools :

  • Commercial schools in Loerrach
  • Commercial schools in Schopfheim
  • Commercial schools Rheinfelden
  • Home economics schools in Loerrach
  • Home economics and agricultural schools in Schopfheim
  • Commercial schools in Lörrach
  • Commercial schools in Schopfheim

and also the following special education and advice centers :

  • Erich Kästner-Schule Lörrach (for students in long hospital treatment)
  • Helen-Keller-Schule Maulburg (special needs mental development and physical and motoric development) with a school kindergarten
  • Speech therapy school Hausen im Wiesental (focus on language)

In addition, the district of Lörrach is responsible for the three district hospitals in Lörrach, Rheinfelden (Baden) and Schopfheim, as well as the Markus Pflüger home in Schopfheim-Wiechs and the Markgräflerland nursing homes in Weil am Rhein and Rheinweiler Castle in Bad Bellingen.

Culture and sights

Rötteln Castle

Interesting cultural and natural monuments are the castle Rötteln that water locks in Inzlingen and Schliengen , Schloss Bürgeln which Nonnenmattweiher that Hasler cave ( Erdmannshoehle ) that Tschamberhöhle and Eichener lake . This lake is a real curiosity. Most of the time it is not there. Only after heavy rainfall does karst water penetrate upwards from the depths and fill the hollow. When it is dry, the water seeps away. A visit to the Präger glacier basin is just as interesting .

In 2004 Gersbach won the national competition "Our village should be more beautiful - our village has a future" , in 2007 the place received the gold medal in the European competition Entente Florale Europe . As cultural and historical monuments worth seeing, the place offers the well-preserved remains of various types of jumps and other defensive structures that were built at the end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th century, as well as a replica of such a baroque hill .

The Vitra Design Museum in Weil am Rhein is internationally known .


The 8 cities and 27 other municipalities of the Lörrach district (as of December 31, 2018):
Frankreich Schweiz Landkreis Waldshut Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Freiburg im Breisgau Aitern Bad Bellingen Binzen Böllen Efringen-Kirchen Efringen-Kirchen Eimeldingen Fischingen (Baden) Fröhnd Grenzach-Wyhlen Zell im Wiesental Häg-Ehrsberg Hasel (Baden) Hausen im Wiesental Inzlingen Kandern Kleines Wiesental Lörrach Malsburg-Marzell Maulburg Rheinfelden (Baden) Rümmingen Rümmingen Schallbach Schliengen Schönau im Schwarzwald Schönau im Schwarzwald Schönau im Schwarzwald Schönau im Schwarzwald Schönau im Schwarzwald Schönau im Schwarzwald Schönenberg (Schwarzwald) Schopfheim Schwörstadt Steinen (Baden) Todtnau Tunau Utzenfeld Weil am Rhein Wembach Wembach Wembach Wieden (Schwarzwald) Wittlingen Wittlingen Zell im Wiesental Zell im Wiesental Zell im WiesentalMunicipalities in LÖ.svg
About this picture
status Surname Residents
local community Aitern 534
local community Bad Bellingen 4480
local community Binzen 3046
local community Böllen 100
local community Efringen churches 8642
local community Eimeldingen 2558
local community Fischingen 791
local community Happy 477
local community Grenzach-Wyhlen 14,581
local community Häg-Ehrsberg 851
local community hazel 1108
local community Hausen in Wiesental 2393
local community Inzlingen 2508
city Kandern 8249
local community Small meadow valley 2869
city Loerrach , major district town 49,347
local community Malsburg-Marzell 1499
local community Maulburg 4222
city Rheinfelden , large district town 33,074
local community Rümmingen 1870
local community Schallbach 787
local community Schliengen 5651
city Schönau in the Black Forest 2420
local community Schönenberg 345
city Schopfheim 19,645
local community Schwörstadt 2518
local community Stones 10,049
city Todtnau 4894
local community Tunau 189
local community Utzenfeld 622
city Weil am Rhein , large district town 30,175
local community Wembach 337
local community Wieden 541
local community Whiting 942
city Zell im Wiesental 6325

Agreed administrative communities and municipal administration associations

Until December 31, 2008, there was also the community administration association "Kleines Wiesental" based in Tegernau. The member communities were Bürchau, Elbenschwand, Neuenweg, Raich, Sallneck, Tegernau, Wies and Wieslet. With the formation of the unified community Kleines Wiesental, the municipal administration association Kleines Wiesental was dissolved.

Municipalities before the district reform

Before the district reform in 1973 or before the community reform , the (old) district of Lörrach had a total of 83 communities since 1936 , including six towns , with the district town of Lörrach being a major district town since April 1, 1956 .

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. It all started with the municipality of Fahrnau in the old district of Lörrach, which merged with the city of Schopfheim on July 1, 1971 . In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased. On January 1, 1972, the community of Degerfelden was incorporated into the city of Rheinfelden (Baden) , district of Säckingen , and thus temporarily left the district of Lörrach. But on January 1, 1973, the city of Rheinfelden (Baden) became part of the new, enlarged district of Lörrach, which again includes all the communities in the old district of Lörrach.

The largest municipality in the old Lörrach district was the large district town of Lörrach . The smallest community was Böllen.

The old district of Lörrach last covered an area of ​​638 km² and had a total of 155,089 inhabitants at the 1970 census .

The table shows the population development of the old Lörrach district up to 1970. All population figures are census results.

date Residents
May 17, 1939 95,353
September 13, 1950 107.101
date Residents
June 6, 1961 136,333
May 27, 1970 155.089

The following is a list of the municipalities in the old Lörrach district before the municipal reform. All the communities still belong to the Lörrach district today.

District of Loerrach before the district reform
former parish today's parish Resident
on June 6, 1961
Adelhausen Rheinfelden (Baden) 536
Adelsberg Zell im Wiesental 236
After bridge Todtnau 267
Aitern Aitern 389
Atzenbach Zell im Wiesental 1,065
Binzen Binzen 1,367
Blansingen Efringen churches 377
Böllen Böllen 131
Brombach Loerrach 4,294
Bürchau Small meadow valley 224
Degerfelden Rheinfelden (Baden) 663
Efringen churches Efringen churches 2,067
Egringen Efringen churches 637
Ehrsberg Häg-Ehrsberg 375
Oak trees Schopfheim 415
Acorn Rheinfelden (Baden) 323
Eimeldingen Eimeldingen 920
Elvenschwand Small meadow valley 181
Endenburg Stones 340
Enkenstein Schopfheim 143
Fahrnau Schopfheim 2,433
Fischingen Fischingen 309
Happy Happy 475
Gersbach Schopfheim 735
Swiftly Todtnau 338
Grenzach Grenzach-Wyhlen 5,032
Gresgen Zell im Wiesental 378
Haagen Loerrach 2,856
Hag Häg-Ehrsberg 763
Haegelberg Stones 395
Haltingen Because on the Rhine 4,195
hazel hazel 884
Hauingen Loerrach 2,459
Hausen in Wiesental Hausen in Wiesental 1,874
Herten Rheinfelden (Baden) 2,171
Höllstein Stones 1,586
Wood Kandern 513
Hüsingen Stones 402
Huttingen Efringen churches 291
Inzlingen Inzlingen 1,428
Is a Efringen churches 851
Kleinkems Efringen churches 493
Langenau Schopfheim 689
Loerrach , major district town Loerrach 30,536
Mambach Zell im Wiesental 442
Mappach Efringen churches 336
Markets Because on the Rhine 387
Maulburg Maulburg 3,012
Muggenbrunn Todtnau 307
Neuenweg Small meadow valley 479
Ötlingen Because on the Rhine 545
Pfaffenberg Zell im Wiesental 155
Coined Todtnau 397
Raich Small meadow valley 290
Raitbach Schopfheim 505
Riedichen Zell im Wiesental 196
Rümmingen Rümmingen 501
Sallneck Small meadow valley 233
Schallbach Schallbach 396
Slaughterhouse Stones 413
Schlechtnau Todtnau 297
Schönau in the Black Forest , city Schönau in the Black Forest 2,326
Schönenberg Schönenberg 327
Schopfheim , city Schopfheim 7,845
Stones Stones 3,024
Tegernau Small meadow valley 523
Todtnau , city Todtnau 2,971
Todtnauberg Todtnau 560
Tunau Tunau 169
Utzenfeld Utzenfeld 503
Weil am Rhein , city Because on the Rhine 17,389
Weitenau Stones 359
Welmlingen Efringen churches 308
Wembach Wembach 206
Wiechs Schopfheim 1,066
Wieden Wieden 511
Wies Small meadow valley 767
Wieslet Small meadow valley 455
Wintersweiler Efringen churches 245
Whiting Whiting 396
Wollbach Kandern 1,039
Wyhlen Grenzach-Wyhlen 4,781
Zell im Wiesental , city Zell im Wiesental 4,636


License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.

See also

Portal: District of Lörrach  - Overview of Wikipedia content on the subject of District of Lörrach


  • The state of Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description according to districts and municipalities (in eight volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume VI: Freiburg administrative region; Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 .
  • Wolfram Angerbauer: The district of Loerrach. In: Wolfram Angerbauer (Red.): The heads of the higher offices, district offices and district offices in Baden-Württemberg from 1810 to 1972 . Published by the working group of the district archives at the Baden-Württemberg district assembly. Theiss, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-8062-1213-9 . Pp. 79-82
  • Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg, Landkreis Lörrach (ed.): Der Landkreis Lörrach , Volume I (Aitern to Inzlingen), Jan Thorbecke Verlag Sigmaringen 1993, ISBN 3-7995-1353-1 .
  • Department of State Description of the State Archives Freiburg im Breisgau: The district of Lörrach. Volume II: B. Community descriptions Kandern to Zell im Wiesental. Published by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Directorate in conjunction with the Lörrach district. Jan Thorbecke Verlag Sigmaringen 1994, ISBN 3-7995-1354-X .
  • District Office Lörrach (publisher): From Oberamt Rötteln to District Office Lörrach. Beginnings and historical development of the administrative structure 1382–1982 / 83 , Lörrach-Haagen 1983
  • Karl Stiefel : Baden 1648–1952. Volume II, Karlsruhe 1979, pp. 1133-1145.

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Lörrach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ↑ Survey of land according to type of actual use in 2015
  3. LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  4. ^ Formally the county of Tyrol was not an imperial estate, but it was the highest administrative unit of the imperial estate of Austria responsible for the Breisgau
  5. ^ Supplement Lit. A: to the organizational rescript of November 26, 1809. In: Großherzoglich Regierungsblatt No. L of December 9, 1809, pp. 403-414; here p. 406; According to the organizational rescript, the new organization should be implemented by April 23, 1810 at the latest
  6. ^ Peace treaty of December 26, 1805 but protocol on the plowed land handover of April 15, 1806
  7. ^ Government Gazette of the Grand Duchy of Baden , No. 23 of July 7, 1807, pp. 93-100; here p. 95
  8. ^ Government Gazette of the Grand Duchy of Baden , No. 23 of July 7, 1807, pp. 93-100; here p. 95
  9. ^ Government Gazette of the Grand Duchy of Baden , No. 23 of July 7, 1807, pp. 93-100; here p. 95
  10. ^ Supplement Lit. A: to the organizational rescript of November 26, 1809. In: Großherzoglich Regierungsblatt No. L of December 9, 1809, pp. 403-414; According to the organizational rescript, the new organization should be implemented by April 23, 1810 at the latest
  11. Großherzoglich Baden Government Gazette of December 9, 1809, pp. 404-407
  12. Großherzoglich Badisches Staats- und Regierungs-Blatt 1832, pp. 133-134
  13. ^ Act concerning the organization of internal administration. V. From the district associations and the district associations. In: Grand Ducal Baden Government Gazette. No. XLIV. dated October 24, 1863
  14. Baden Law and Ordinance Sheet No. XXXI. dated July 30, 1864
  15. Baden Law and Ordinance Sheet No. 50 of 23 August 1923
  16. see Stiefel p. 1138
  17. Baden Law and Ordinance Sheet No. 11 of June 28, 1939
  18. Ordinance for the implementation of the district regulations of June 24, 1939. In: Badisches Gesetz- und Verordnungs-Blatt no. 11 of June 28, 1939
  19. see Stiefel p. 1139
  20. Ordinance No. 60 on the elections to the district assemblies in Baden of September 2, 1946. In: Official Gazette of the Baden State Administration. French occupation. No. 15 of September 20, 1946
  21. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 498, 520 ff .
  22. Landkreis Lörrach: Final results of the district council election 2019 , accessed on April 27, 2020
  23. https://www.statistik-bw.de/Wahlen/Kommunal/02043000.tab?R=KR336 Result of the district election in Lörrach on May 26, 2019
  24. - ( Memento from September 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Result of the district election 2014
  25. - ( Memento from September 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Result of the district election 2009
  26. - ( Memento of September 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Results of the district elections in 1999 and 2004
  27. [1]  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections in 1989 and 1994@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de  
  28. [2]  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in the district elections in 1989 and 1994@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de  
  29. Landkreisordnung für Baden-Württemberg (Landkreisordnung - LKrO) in the version of June 19, 1987. Section 3. District Administrator
  30. The designation Landrat had been used in Baden since 1924 for the heads of the district offices (previously Oberamtmann ). Announcement of September 20, 1924. Changes to the official designations. In: Badisches Gesetz- und Verordnungs-Blatt no. 54 of September 30, 1924, pp. 267–268
  31. ↑ District debts according to core households and own businesses. see homepage of the State Statistical Office; accessed on March 3, 2018
  32. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.prognos.com
  33. PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
  34. ^ Partnership agreement between the districts of Glauchau and Lörrach. (PDF) (No longer available online.) October 3, 1990, formerly in the original ; accessed on August 18, 2015 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.loerrach-landkreis.de  
  35. Partnership between the district of Lubliniec and the district of Lörrach ( Memento from October 8, 2007 in the Internet Archive )