District of Bühl

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Bühl
District of Bühl
Map of Germany, position of the district of Bühl highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 40 ′  N , 8 ° 5 ′  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
Existing period: 1938-1972
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : South Baden
Administrative headquarters : Buhl
Area : 379 km 2
Residents: 91,926 (May 27, 1970)
Population density : 243 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : bra
Circle key : 08 3 31
Circle structure: 39 municipalities
District Administrator : Josef Grossmann
Location of the district of Bühl in Baden-Württemberg
About this picture

The district of Bühl was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .



The district of Bühl was in the west of Baden-Württemberg .

Geographically, the district of Bühl predominantly had a share in the Upper Rhine Plain and the Black Forest . The district town was roughly in the middle of the district.

Neighboring areas

Its neighboring districts were in 1972, starting clockwise in the north, Rastatt , the independent city of Baden-Baden and the districts of Freudenstadt , Offenburg and Kehl . In the west, the Rhine formed the natural border with France for a few kilometers .


The area of ​​the district of Bühl belonged mainly to the margraviate of Baden-Baden . At the beginning of the 19th century , the Grand Duchy of Baden formed several offices , including the office or district office of Bühl, which belonged to the state commissioner district of Karlsruhe . This has been changed several times in the course of history. In 1924, for example, it received some municipalities from the disbanded Baden District Office and the municipalities of the Achern Office. Like all Baden district offices in 1939 was awarded the district office Buhl due to the "Law on the county self-government" , the term district Buhl .

After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Bühl belonged to the administrative district of South Baden . As a result of the municipal reform from 1970 onwards, the district area changed in three cases.

On July 1, 1972, the town of Steinbach and the communities Neuweier and Varnhalt were assigned to the Baden-Baden district . With effect from January 1, 1973, the district of Bühl was finally dissolved. The northern part and with it the district town Bühl was assigned to the enlarged Rastatt district , the southern part to the newly formed Ortenau district . The legal successor of the Bühl district was the Rastatt district.

Until it merged with the Rastatt rifle circle in 2014, the Bühl shooting club bore the coat of arms of the district and was within the limits of before 1972.

Population development

All population figures are census results.

date Residents
May 17, 1939 68,402
September 13, 1950 72,532
date Residents
June 6, 1961 79,859
May 27, 1970 91,926


District Administrator

The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Bühl 1806–1972:

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district of Bühl showed two blue plums hanging on a horizontal green branch with a green leaf on a shield, divided diagonally to the left by gold and red, and a golden grape with a golden leaf on the bottom of a golden vine. The coat of arms was awarded to the district of Bühl on May 3, 1960 by the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg .

The "Bühler Zwetschgen" and viticulture have an old tradition in the district. The red and yellow shield colors correspond to the Baden state colors.


The federal motorway 5 and the federal highway 3 ran through the district from north to south .


As of 1938, 39 municipalities were initially part of the Bühl district, including 3 towns.

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Bühl was made on January 1st, 1971 by the municipality of Oberachern, which merged with the city of Achern, and the communities of Neusatz and Oberweier, which merged with the city of Bühl. In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased until the Bühl district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.

The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Bühl . The smallest was Oberweier.

In the table, the municipalities of the Bühl district are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.

former parish today's parish today's rural
or urban district
on June 6, 1961
on May 27, 1970
Achern , city Achern Ortenau district 6.141 7,596
Old Swiss Buhl Rastatt 1,633 1,795
Balzhofen Buhl Rastatt 383 408
Bühl , city Buhl Rastatt 9,140 10,013
Bühlertal Bühlertal Rastatt 7,647 8,421
Eisental Buhl Rastatt 1,682 1,974
Fautenbach Achern Ortenau district 1,557 1,799
Furschenbach Ottenhöfen in the Black Forest Ortenau district 460 441
Gamshurst Achern Ortenau district 1,100 1,186
Hit Rheinmünster Rastatt 984 1,147
Großweier Achern Ortenau district 800 1,071
Kappelrodeck Kappelrodeck Ortenau district 3,646 4.216
Run Run Ortenau district 3,278 3,601
Lifeblood Sinzheim Rastatt 453 498
moss Buhl Rastatt 537 600
Mösbach Achern Ortenau district 1.102 1,242
New set Buhl Rastatt 2,074 2,362
Neuweier Baden-Baden Baden-Baden 1,805 2.121
Oberachern Achern Ortenau district 2,972 3,300
Oberbruch Buhl Rastatt 316 367
Obersasbach Sasbach Ortenau district 1,326 1,591
Oberweier Buhl Rastatt 234 289
Önsbach Achern Ortenau district 1,528 1,742
Ottenhöfen in the Black Forest Ottenhöfen in the Black Forest Ortenau district 2,694 2,929
Ottersweier Ottersweier Rastatt 3,431 4,041
Sasbach Sasbach Ortenau district 2,589 3,058
Sasbachried Achern Ortenau district 424 541
Sasbachwalden Sasbachwalden Ortenau district 1,587 1,856
Schwarzach Rheinmünster Rastatt 1,432 1,533
Seebach Seebach Ortenau district 1,418 1,514
Sinzheim Sinzheim Rastatt 5,448 7,295
Steinbach , city Baden-Baden Baden-Baden 2,857 3,273
Stollhofen Rheinmünster Rastatt 1,053 1,079
Ulm Lichtenau Rastatt 651 716
Unzhurst Ottersweier Rastatt 1,340 1,348
Varnhalt Baden-Baden Baden-Baden 1,230 1,730
Vimbuch Buhl Rastatt 746 1,279
Wood elm Kappelrodeck Ortenau district 1,254 1,352
Widening Buhl Rastatt 907 1,100

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign BH when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972. It has been available in the Rastatt district since December 9, 2013 due to license plate liberalization and in the Ortenau district since March 30, 2015.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 493 f .
  2. ^ Obituary notice Josef Großmann , FAZ from June 24, 2017