District of Bühl
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 40 ′ N , 8 ° 5 ′ E
|Basic data (as of 1972)|
|Administrative region :||South Baden|
|Administrative headquarters :||Buhl|
|Area :||379 km 2|
|Residents:||91,926 (May 27, 1970)|
|Population density :||243 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||bra|
|Circle key :||08 3 31|
|Circle structure:||39 municipalities|
|District Administrator :||Josef Grossmann|
|Location of the district of Bühl in Baden-Württemberg|
The district of Bühl was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .
The district of Bühl was in the west of Baden-Württemberg .
Geographically, the district of Bühl predominantly had a share in the Upper Rhine Plain and the Black Forest . The district town was roughly in the middle of the district.
Its neighboring districts were in 1972, starting clockwise in the north, Rastatt , the independent city of Baden-Baden and the districts of Freudenstadt , Offenburg and Kehl . In the west, the Rhine formed the natural border with France for a few kilometers .
The area of the district of Bühl belonged mainly to the margraviate of Baden-Baden . At the beginning of the 19th century , the Grand Duchy of Baden formed several offices , including the office or district office of Bühl, which belonged to the state commissioner district of Karlsruhe . This has been changed several times in the course of history. In 1924, for example, it received some municipalities from the disbanded Baden District Office and the municipalities of the Achern Office. Like all Baden district offices in 1939 was awarded the district office Buhl due to the "Law on the county self-government" , the term district Buhl .
After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Bühl belonged to the administrative district of South Baden . As a result of the municipal reform from 1970 onwards, the district area changed in three cases.
On July 1, 1972, the town of Steinbach and the communities Neuweier and Varnhalt were assigned to the Baden-Baden district . With effect from January 1, 1973, the district of Bühl was finally dissolved. The northern part and with it the district town Bühl was assigned to the enlarged Rastatt district , the southern part to the newly formed Ortenau district . The legal successor of the Bühl district was the Rastatt district.
Until it merged with the Rastatt rifle circle in 2014, the Bühl shooting club bore the coat of arms of the district and was within the limits of before 1972.
All population figures are census results.
The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Bühl 1806–1972:
- 1806–1816: Karl von Beust
- 1820–1826: Johann Nepomuk Berolla
- 1826–1848: Franz Josef Haefelin
- 1848–1849: Josef von Reichlin-Meldegg
- 1849–1855: Johann Baptist Bätzinger
- 1855–1871: Georg Fidel Stigler
- 1871–1874: Leopold Otto
- 1874–1882: August Winther
- 1882–1886: Otto Frey
- 1886–1890: Richard Teubner
- 1890–1896: Hermann von Rotteck
- 1897–1902: Julius Becker
- 1902–1905: Heinrich von Reck
- 1905–1913: Karl Meyer
- 1913–1920: Max Zöller
- 1920–1926: Volker Pfaff
- 1926–1933: Karl Billmaier
- 1933–1938: Paul Baer
- 1939–1945: Albert Engler
- 1946–1951: Edwin Grüninger
- 1951–1971: Erwin Trippel
- 1971–1972: Josef Großmann
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Bühl showed two blue plums hanging on a horizontal green branch with a green leaf on a shield, divided diagonally to the left by gold and red, and a golden grape with a golden leaf on the bottom of a golden vine. The coat of arms was awarded to the district of Bühl on May 3, 1960 by the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg .
The "Bühler Zwetschgen" and viticulture have an old tradition in the district. The red and yellow shield colors correspond to the Baden state colors.
The federal motorway 5 and the federal highway 3 ran through the district from north to south .
As of 1938, 39 municipalities were initially part of the Bühl district, including 3 towns.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Bühl was made on January 1st, 1971 by the municipality of Oberachern, which merged with the city of Achern, and the communities of Neusatz and Oberweier, which merged with the city of Bühl. In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased until the Bühl district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.
The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Bühl . The smallest was Oberweier.
In the table, the municipalities of the Bühl district are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign BH when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972. It has been available in the Rastatt district since December 9, 2013 due to license plate liberalization and in the Ortenau district since March 30, 2015.
- ↑ a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 493 f .
- ^ Obituary notice Josef Großmann , FAZ from June 24, 2017