District of Muellheim

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District of Muellheim
Map of Germany, position of the district of Müllheim highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 50 '  N , 7 ° 40'  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
Existing period: 1938-1972
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : South Baden
Administrative headquarters : Muellheim
Area : 433 km 2
Residents: 62,258 (May 27, 1970)
Population density : 144 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : Garbage
Circle key : 08 3 39
Circle structure: 49 municipalities
Location of the district of Müllheim in Baden-Württemberg
About this picture

The district of Müllheim was a district in Baden-Württemberg that was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 . The administrative seat was the then " large district town " Müllheim .



The district of Müllheim was located in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg.

Geographically, the district predominantly had a share in the Upper Rhine Plain . The district seat of Müllheim was roughly in the middle of the district area.

Neighboring areas

Its neighbors in 1972 were the Freiburg district in the north and the Lörrach district in the east and south . In the west, the Rhine formed the natural border with the French department of Haut-Rhin .


Before 1800 the area of ​​the later district of Müllheim belonged mainly to the margraviate of Baden ( dominion of Badenweiler ). The area mainly belonged to the Badenweiler Oberamt. In 1809 the office of Müllheim was formed within the Wiesenkreis (later Dreisamkreis), which has changed several times in the course of history. In 1864 it was elevated to a district office within the regional commissioner district of Freiburg . In 1939 the district office of Müllheim was given the name Landkreis Müllheim.

After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Müllheim belonged to the administrative district of South Baden . As a result of the municipal reform in 1970, the district area changed in one case. On December 1, 1971, the municipality of Biengen, Freiburg district, was incorporated into the Bad Krozingen municipality and thus became part of the Müllheim district.

With effect from January 1, 1973, the district of Müllheim was dissolved. Its communities in the north went on in the newly formed district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald , which thus became the legal successor of the district of Müllheim. Some communities in the south of the district became part of the enlarged district of Lörrach .

Population development

All population figures are census results.

year 1939 1950 1961 1970
Residents 42,622 47,068 54,471 62,258


District Administrator

The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Müllheim 1809–1972:

coat of arms

The district of Müllheim did not have its own coat of arms: although the district wanted to have one of its own in the 1960s, the creation of a coat of arms was so protracted that none was found before the district reform came into force.

Economy and Infrastructure


The federal motorway 5 Karlsruhe-Basel ran through the western district area from north to south . Federal highway 3 also ran through the district.


From 1936, 49 municipalities initially belonged to the district of Müllheim, of which 6 were towns.

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Müllheim was made on January 1st, 1970 by the municipality of Vögisheim, which merged with the city of Müllheim. In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased until the district of Müllheim was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.

Most of the inhabitants were in the district town of Müllheim, while the community of Gallenweiler had few.

In the table, the municipalities of the district of Müllheim are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.

former parish name today's community name today's district Resident
on June 6, 1961
on May 27, 1970
Eyes Eyes Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 1521 1649
Bad Bellingen Bad Bellingen Loerrach 564 788
Bad Krozingen Bad Krozingen Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 3797 5567
Badenweiler Badenweiler Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 3242 2858
Ball rights Ballrechte-Dottingen Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 479 478
Bamlach Bad Bellingen Loerrach 521 570
Bremgarten Hartheim am Rhein Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 470 532
Britzingen Muellheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 720 760
Buggingen Buggingen Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 1913 2088
Dattingen Muellheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 268 264
Dottingen Ballrechte-Dottingen Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 449 536
Eschbach Eschbach Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 863 1245
Feldberg Muellheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 548 559
Feuerbach Kandern Loerrach 282 297
Gallenweiler Heitersheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 171 169
Grissheim Neuchâtel on the Rhine Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 878 938
Grunts Staufen im Breisgau Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 587 630
Heitersheim , city Heitersheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 2656 3318
Hertingen Bad Bellingen Loerrach 366 450
Hill Home Muellheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 647 646
Kandern , city Kandern Loerrach 2984 2939
To run Sulzburg Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 546 578
Liel Schliengen Loerrach 611 675
Lipburg Badenweiler Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 412 398
Malsburg Malsburg-Marzell Loerrach 898 934
Marzell Malsburg-Marzell Loerrach 755 766
Mauchen Schliengen Loerrach 345 341
Müllheim (Baden) , city Muellheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 6855 8382
Neuenburg am Rhein , city Neuchâtel on the Rhine Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 2519 3514
Niedereggenen Schliengen Loerrach 380 365
Niederweiler Muellheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 746 828
Obereggenen Schliengen Loerrach 670 630
Obermünstertal Münstertal / Black Forest Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 1462 1448
Rheinweiler Bad Bellingen Loerrach 517 610
Riedlingen Kandern Loerrach 348 374
Schliengen Schliengen Loerrach 1414 1381
Schweighof Badenweiler Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 466 542
Seefelden Buggingen Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 985 994
Sitzenkirch Kandern Loerrach 216 211
Staufen im Breisgau , city Staufen im Breisgau Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 3234 4023
Stone city Neuchâtel on the Rhine Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 621 757
Sulzburg , city Sulzburg Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 1556 1535
Tannenkirch Kandern Loerrach 750 747
Tunsel Bad Krozingen Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 785 844
Untermünstertal Münstertal / Black Forest Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 2601 2933
Vögisheim Muellheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 379 -
Wettelbrunn Staufen im Breisgau Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 362 356
Zienken Neuchâtel on the Rhine Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 315 411
Zunzingen Muellheim Breisgau-Upper Black Forest 176 161

License Plate

License plate of the district of Müllheim

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive MÜL sign when the license plates that are still valid today were introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 498 f .