District of Pforzheim
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Coordinates: 48 ° 55 ' N , 8 ° 40' E
|Basic data (as of 1972)|
|Administrative region :||North Baden|
|Administrative headquarters :||Pforzheim|
|Area :||279 km 2|
|Residents:||75,847 (May 27, 1970)|
|Population density :||272 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||PF|
|Circle key :||08 2 37|
|Circle structure:||34 municipalities|
|Location of the Pforzheim district in Baden-Württemberg|
The district of Pforzheim was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .
The district of Pforzheim was in the west of Baden-Württemberg .
Geographically, he had a share in the Kraichgau in the north and in the foothills of the northern Black Forest .
Its neighbors were Karlsruhe , Vaihingen , Leonberg and Calw in 1972, starting clockwise in the west . The district seat was the city of Pforzheim , which thus did not belong to the district area. It divided the district into a larger part in the north-west of Pforzheim and a smaller part in the south-east of the city.
The area of the Pforzheim district is one of the oldest parts of the state of Baden , which was elevated to a Grand Duchy in 1806 . From the old Pforzheim office , first a city and a first rural office and a second rural office were formed with the involvement of a municipality, which was reunited in 1813 with the exclusion of the city of Pforzheim. In 1819 the city of Pforzheim was reintegrated and the Oberamt Pforzheim was formed. In the north of the district there was also the Stein office, which was dissolved in 1821. Its communities were divided between the offices of Pforzheim, Bretten and Durlach . The Pforzheim Oberamt (district office from 1864), which belonged to the regional commissioner district of Karlsruhe , remained unchanged in its boundaries until 1920. Then the municipality of Stein was incorporated into the district office of Bretten and when the district office of Bretten was dissolved in 1936, the municipality of Nussbaum was added. Like all Baden district offices in 1939 was awarded the district office Pforzheim due to the "Law on the county self-government" , the term district Pforzheim .
After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Pforzheim belonged to the administrative district of North Baden . As a result of the municipal reform from 1970 onwards, the district area changed in three cases. On September 1, 1971, the municipality of Ittersbach was assigned to the district of Karlsruhe , as it became part of the newly formed municipality of Karlsbad on the same day . At the same time, the Würm community was incorporated into the Pforzheim district, as was the Hohenwart community on April 1, 1972.
With effect from January 1, 1973, the district of Pforzheim was dissolved and its communities part of the newly formed Enzkreis , which became the legal successor of the district of Pforzheim. But on January 1, 1974, he gave the municipality of Büchenbronn, on January 1, 1975 the municipality of Huchenfeld and on September 20, 1975 the municipality of Eutingen an der Enz, which had all belonged to the Pforzheim district, to the Pforzheim urban district.
All population figures are census results.
The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Pforzheim 1807–1972:
- 1803–1823: Benjamin Roth (1809–1813 City and First Land Office, then at the City Office and from 1819 at the Oberamt Pforzheim)
- 1810: Franz Xaver Bossi (Second Land Office)
- 1813: August Hüber (Second Land Office)
- 1814–1819: Karl Autenrieth (Landamt)
- 1823–1842: Carl Deimling
- 1843: Joseph Lang (but did not start)
- 1843–1844: Karl Ludwig Böhme
- 1844–1846: Carl von Neubronn
- 1847–1849: Philipp Flad
- 1849–1861: Ludwig Wilhelm Fecht
- 1861–1864: Camill Winter
- 1864–1868: Otto Sachs
- 1868–1872: Franz Sales Hebting
- 1872–1874: August Joos
- 1874–1878: Otto von Scherer
- 1878–1883: Carl Siegel
- 1883–1891: Heinrich Pfister
- 1891–1896: Alexander Pfisterer
- 1896–1899: Wilhelm Holtzmann
- 1899–1903: Hermann Nebe
- 1903–1908: Philipp Jolly
- 1909–1920: Franz Keim
- 1920–1931: Julius Holderer
- 1932–1945: Friedrich Wenz
- 1945: Adolf Katz
- 1945–1959: Richard Dissinger
- 1959–1972: Werner Lutz
coat of arms
The Pforzheim district did not have its own coat of arms.
Economy and Infrastructure
The federal motorway 8 Karlsruhe-Stuttgart ran through the district from west to east . The federal highways 10 , 294 and 463 also ran through the district.
From 1938 onwards, there were initially 34 communities in the Pforzheim district. There were no cities in the district.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning was made on July 1, 1971 with the community of Dietenhausen, which was incorporated into the community of Ellmendingen, which in turn became part of the new community of Keltern on March 30, 1972. In the period that followed, the number of communities decreased steadily until the Pforzheim district was finally merged into the Enz district on January 1, 1973 .
The largest municipality in the district was Eutingen an der Enz. The smallest municipality was Dietenhausen.
In the table, the municipalities of the Pforzheim district are before the municipal reform. All municipalities, with the exception of Ittersbach, now belong to the Enzkreis or the Pforzheim district . The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign PF when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is issued in the Enzkreis and in the Pforzheim district until today.
- Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Economics of Baden-Württemberg (ed.): The city and rural districts of Baden-Württemberg in words and numbers. Issue 33/34: City and District Pforzheim , Stuttgart 1966
- ↑ a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 478 .