Backnang district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Backnang
Backnang district
Map of Germany, position of the district of Backnang highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 0 '  N , 9 ° 30'  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
Existing period: 1938-1972
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : North Württemberg
Administrative headquarters : Backnang
Area : 589 km 2
Residents: 108,450 (May 27, 1970)
Population density : 184 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : BK
Circle key : 08 1 32
Circle structure: 49 municipalities
District Administrator : Wilhelm Schippert
Location of the district of Backnang in Baden-Württemberg
About this picture

The district of Backnang was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .



The district of Backnang was in the north-eastern center of Baden-Württemberg .

Geographically, he had a share in the Swabian-Franconian Forest . The western district area flowed through the Murr , the eastern district area the Kocher , two tributaries of the Neckar .

Neighboring areas

Its neighboring districts were 1972, clockwise , starting in the northeast, Schwäbisch Hall , Aalen , Schwäbisch Gmünd , Waiblingen , Ludwigsburg and Heilbronn .


Most of the area of ​​the Backnang district belonged to Württemberg before 1800 . That is why the Oberamt Backnang existed before 1800 . This has been changed several times in the course of its history. From 1810 it belonged to the Landvogtei on the lower Neckar and from 1818 to the Neckar District , which was dissolved in 1924. In 1934 the Oberamt Backnang was renamed the Backnang District and in 1938 it received its last known expansion when it received some communities from the dissolved districts of Gaildorf, Marbach and Welzheim. In 1945 he came to the newly formed state of Württemberg-Baden , which was merged into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952 . From then on he belonged to the administrative region of North Württemberg, which included the Württemberg part of Württemberg-Baden.

With effect from January 1, 1973, the Backnang district was dissolved. The greater part of the district, including the district town of Backnang itself, merged into the newly founded Rems-Murr district , the eastern part was assigned to the Schwäbisch Hall district , some communities in the west to the Ludwigsburg district , and the Gschwend community to the Ostalb district . The legal successor to the Backnang district was the Rems-Murr district.

Population development

All population figures are census results.

year Residents
May 17, 1939 54.009
September 13, 1950 76,083
year Residents
June 6, 1961 89,365
May 27, 1970 108,450


District Administrator

The Oberamtmen of the former Oberamt from 1807 to 1936 see under Oberamt Backnang .

The district administrators from 1936:

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district of Backnang was under a golden shield head, inside a black stag's pole, split by silver and blue; in front a blue imperial orb with a gold clasp and gold cross, behind a gold double cup. The coat of arms was awarded to the Backnang district on June 3, 1959 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior .

The stag sticks symbolize Württemberg, to which the district area belonged early on. The imperial orb is taken from the coat of arms of the district town of Backnang, the double cup is the coat of arms symbol of the Limpurg taverns , who had their dominion in the east of the district in the Gaildorf area.

Economy and Infrastructure


There was no federal motorway running through the district . The district was opened up in the west by the federal highway 14 , in the east by the federal highway 19 and the federal highway 298 as well as by state and district roads.


From 1938 onwards, there were initially 50 municipalities in the Backnang district, including three towns. The municipality of Oppenweiler was initially incorporated into Reichenberg, but in 1942 it was renamed "Municipality of Oppenweiler". In 1941 the Steinbach community was incorporated into the city of Backnang . Thus there were only 49 municipalities, including three cities.

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The start in the district of Backnang was made on January 1, 1970 by the municipality of Hausen an der Rot, which was incorporated into the municipality of Oberrot . The number of municipalities gradually decreased until the Backnang district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.

The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Backnang , which has been a major district town since April 1, 1956 . The smallest community was Nassach.

In the table, the municipalities of the Backnang district are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.

former parish today's parish today's district Resident
on June 6, 1961
on May 27, 1970
Affalterbach Affalterbach Ludwigsburg 1,521 3,061
Allmersbach am Weinberg Aspach Rems-Murr district 509 633
Allmersbach in the valley Allmersbach in the valley Rems-Murr district 1.103 2.144
Altersberg Gschwend Ostalbkreis 856 783
Old hut Old hut Rems-Murr district 1,300 1,682
Backnang , large district town Backnang Rems-Murr district 23,725 27,755
fracture Weissach in the valley Rems-Murr district 304 381
Burgstall on the Murr Burgstetten Rems-Murr district 1,319 1,504
Cottenweiler Weissach in the valley Rems-Murr district 371 646
Ebersberg Floodplain forest Rems-Murr district 289 323
Erbstetten Burgstetten Rems-Murr district 892 1,152
Eutendorf Gaildorf Schwäbisch Hall 1.101 1,344
Fichtenberg Fichtenberg Schwäbisch Hall 2,001 2,273
Fornsbach Murrhardt Rems-Murr district 1,140 1,293
Frickenhofen Gschwend Ostalbkreis 1,061 1,037
Gaildorf , city Gaildorf Schwäbisch Hall 4,622 5,436
dig Großerlach Rems-Murr district 622 576
Großaspach Aspach Rems-Murr district 2,309 2,978
Großerlach Großerlach Rems-Murr district 1,094 1,334
Gschwend Gschwend Ostalbkreis 1.931 2.147
Hausen an der Rot Oberrot Schwäbisch Hall 587 -
Heiningen Backnang Rems-Murr district 385 459
Heutensbach Allmersbach in the valley Rems-Murr district 359 553
Joke Spiegelberg Rems-Murr district 331 413
Kirchberg on the Murr Kirchberg on the Murr Rems-Murr district 2,367 3.123
Kirchenkirnberg Murrhardt Rems-Murr district 857 856
Kleinaspach Aspach Rems-Murr district 1.005 1,435
Running on the stove Sulzbach-Laufen Schwäbisch Hall 711 933
Lippoldsweiler Floodplain forest Rems-Murr district 1,095 1,592
Maubach Backnang Rems-Murr district 608 715
Murrhardt , city Murrhardt Rems-Murr district 9,321 11,285
Nassach Spiegelberg Rems-Murr district 285 284
Oberbrüden Floodplain forest Rems-Murr district 1,084 1,264
Oberrot Oberrot Schwäbisch Hall 2.212 2,475
Oberweissach Weissach in the valley Rems-Murr district 550 716
Oppenweiler Oppenweiler Rems-Murr district 3,056 3,487
Ottendorf Gaildorf Schwäbisch Hall 936 1,039
Rielingshausen Marbach am Neckar Ludwigsburg 1,090 1,508
Rietenau Aspach Rems-Murr district 627 827
Swechselberg Old hut Rems-Murr district 727 824
Spiegelberg Spiegelberg Rems-Murr district 962 1,000
Strümpfelbach Backnang Rems-Murr district 427 541
Sulzbach am Kocher Sulzbach-Laufen Schwäbisch Hall 1,459 1,474
Sulzbach an der Murr Sulzbach an der Murr Rems-Murr district 4.110 4,608
Subverts Floodplain forest Rems-Murr district 780 951
Under red Gaildorf Schwäbisch Hall 2,221 2,540
Unterweissach Weissach in the valley Rems-Murr district 2,039 2,439
Waldrems Backnang Rems-Murr district 450 890
Hamlet to the stone People Bach Rems-Murr district 1,241 2,060

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district received the distinctive sign BK when the vehicle license plates were introduced that are still valid today . It was issued until December 31, 1972. On November 1st, 2007 it was assigned to the Bördekreis in Saxony-Anhalt .

The BK has been available since December 2, 2013 as part of license plate liberalization in the Rems-Murr district and since September 1, 2018 in the Schwäbisch Hall district .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 446 f .