|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Basic data (as of 1972)|
|Administrative region :||North Württemberg|
|Administrative headquarters :||Backnang|
|Area :||589 km 2|
|Residents:||108,450 (May 27, 1970)|
|Population density :||184 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||BK|
|Circle key :||08 1 32|
|Circle structure:||49 municipalities|
|District Administrator :||Wilhelm Schippert|
|Location of the district of Backnang in Baden-Württemberg|
The district of Backnang was in the north-eastern center of Baden-Württemberg .
Most of the area of the Backnang district belonged to Württemberg before 1800 . That is why the Oberamt Backnang existed before 1800 . This has been changed several times in the course of its history. From 1810 it belonged to the Landvogtei on the lower Neckar and from 1818 to the Neckar District , which was dissolved in 1924. In 1934 the Oberamt Backnang was renamed the Backnang District and in 1938 it received its last known expansion when it received some communities from the dissolved districts of Gaildorf, Marbach and Welzheim. In 1945 he came to the newly formed state of Württemberg-Baden , which was merged into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952 . From then on he belonged to the administrative region of North Württemberg, which included the Württemberg part of Württemberg-Baden.
With effect from January 1, 1973, the Backnang district was dissolved. The greater part of the district, including the district town of Backnang itself, merged into the newly founded Rems-Murr district , the eastern part was assigned to the Schwäbisch Hall district , some communities in the west to the Ludwigsburg district , and the Gschwend community to the Ostalb district . The legal successor to the Backnang district was the Rems-Murr district.
All population figures are census results.
The district administrators from 1936:
- 1936–1942: August Reuss
- 1942–1943: Karl Sinn (clerk)
- 1943–1945: Paul Dettinger (representative)
- 1945: Albert Rienhardt (acting)
- 1945: Josef Schäfer (acting)
- 1945–1946: Friedrich Tränkle (acting)
- 1946–1960: Karl Limbeck
- 1961–1972: Wilhelm Schippert
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Backnang was under a golden shield head, inside a black stag's pole, split by silver and blue; in front a blue imperial orb with a gold clasp and gold cross, behind a gold double cup. The coat of arms was awarded to the Backnang district on June 3, 1959 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior .
The stag sticks symbolize Württemberg, to which the district area belonged early on. The imperial orb is taken from the coat of arms of the district town of Backnang, the double cup is the coat of arms symbol of the Limpurg taverns , who had their dominion in the east of the district in the Gaildorf area.
Economy and Infrastructure
There was no federal motorway running through the district . The district was opened up in the west by the federal highway 14 , in the east by the federal highway 19 and the federal highway 298 as well as by state and district roads.
From 1938 onwards, there were initially 50 municipalities in the Backnang district, including three towns. The municipality of Oppenweiler was initially incorporated into Reichenberg, but in 1942 it was renamed "Municipality of Oppenweiler". In 1941 the Steinbach community was incorporated into the city of Backnang . Thus there were only 49 municipalities, including three cities.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The start in the district of Backnang was made on January 1, 1970 by the municipality of Hausen an der Rot, which was incorporated into the municipality of Oberrot . The number of municipalities gradually decreased until the Backnang district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.
In the table, the municipalities of the Backnang district are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.
On July 1, 1956, the district received the distinctive sign BK when the vehicle license plates were introduced that are still valid today . It was issued until December 31, 1972. On November 1st, 2007 it was assigned to the Bördekreis in Saxony-Anhalt .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 446 f .