District of Öhringen

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Öhringen
District of Öhringen
Map of Germany, position of the district of Öhringen highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 10 '  N , 9 ° 30'  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
Existing period: 1938-1972
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : North Württemberg
Administrative headquarters : Öhringen
Area : 398 km 2
Residents: 48,781 (May 27, 1970)
Population density : 123 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : EAR
Circle key : 08 1 44
Circle structure: 51 municipalities
Location of the district of Öhringen in Baden-Württemberg
About this picture

The district of Öhringen was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .



The district of Öhringen was in the northeast of Baden-Württemberg .

Geographically, he had a share in the Hohenlohe plain and the Waldenburg mountains . The Kocher , a right tributary of the Neckar , ran through the district .

Neighboring areas

Its neighbors were 1972 clockwise beginning in the north Künzelsau , Schwäbisch Hall and Heilbronn .


Before 1800, the area of ​​the district of Öhringen belonged mainly to the Principality of Hohenlohe . Due to the effects of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , the area came to Württemberg , where it initially belonged to the Oberamt Neuenstein in the district of Öhringen. In 1810/11 it became part of the newly founded Oberamt Öhringen within the Landvogtei an der Jagst and from 1818 it belonged to the Jagstkreis (which was dissolved in 1924). In 1926 the neighboring Oberamt Weinsberg was dissolved and parts of it were incorporated into the Oberamt Öhringen. In 1934 the Oberamt Öhringen was renamed the Öhringen district and in 1938 it was transferred to the Öhringen district.

The division of Württemberg due to the occupation after the Second World War led to the affiliation to the new state of Württemberg-Baden . With the restructuring of the federal states in southwest Germany, the district came to Baden-Württemberg in 1952 and was added to the administrative district of North Württemberg . As a result of the municipal reform from 1970, the district area changed in four cases. On January 1, 1972, the municipality of Muthof, district of Künzelsau , was incorporated into the city of Forchtenberg and thus became part of the district of Öhringen. Eschental and Goggenbach also came from the Schwäbisch Hall district to the Öhringen district on January 1, 1972 , because they were incorporated into Kupferzell . On April 1, 1972, the community of Gaisbach was incorporated into the city of Künzelsau and thus left the district of Öhringen.

With effect from January 1, 1973, the district of Öhringen was dissolved and its communities were mainly assigned to the newly formed Hohenlohekreis , which thus became the legal successor to the district of Öhringen. Three communities came to the Heilbronn district .

Population development

All population figures are census results.

year Residents
May 17, 1939 30,247
September 13, 1950 42,021
year Residents
June 6, 1961 43,587
May 27, 1970 48,781


District Administrator

The Oberamtmen from 1809 to 1938 are shown in the article Oberamt Öhringen .

Country councils of the district Öhringen 1938-1972:

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district of Öhringen showed two left-facing, striding, red-tongued black leopards in a shield split by silver and red, and two slanted silver keys at the back. The coat of arms was awarded to the district of Öhringen on November 22, 1954 by the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg .

The leopards come from the coat of arms of the Lords of Hohenlohe, the keys correspond to the attribute of St. Peter, the patron of the Öhringen monastery, also shown in the coat of arms of the district town of Öhringen.

Economy and Infrastructure


The federal motorway 6 and several state and district roads ran through the district .


As of 1938, the Öhringen district initially consisted of 51 municipalities, 5 of them towns.

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Öhringen was made on January 1, 1971 by two communities that united with their neighboring community, namely Oberohrn with the community of Pfedelbach and Obersteinbach with the town of Waldenburg . In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased until the district of Öhringen finally became almost entirely part of the Hohenlohe district on January 1, 1973 .

The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Öhringen . The smallest community was Siebeneich.

In the table, the municipalities of the district of Öhringen are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.

former parish today's parish today's district Resident
on June 6, 1961
on May 27, 1970
Adolzfurt Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 780 974
Baumerlenbach Öhringen Hohenlohe district 374 366
Bitzfeld Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 683 869
Bretzfeld Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 833 950
Büttelbronn Öhringen Hohenlohe district 446 450
Cappel Öhringen Hohenlohe district 475 777
Dimbach Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 401 470
Eckartsweiler Öhringen Hohenlohe district 393 383
Ernsbach Forchtenberg Hohenlohe district 865 983
Eschelbach Neuenstein Hohenlohe district 345 326
Feßbach Copper cell Hohenlohe district 546 567
Forchtenberg , city Forchtenberg Hohenlohe district 1,315 1,484
Gaisbach Künzelsau Hohenlohe district 801 929
Geddelsbach Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 217 186
Harsberg Pfedelbach Hohenlohe district 593 592
Kesselfeld Neuenstein Hohenlohe district 230 208
Church hall Neuenstein Hohenlohe district 389 473
Kleinhirschbach Neuenstein Hohenlohe district 427 397
Copper cell Copper cell Hohenlohe district 1,525 1,687
Langenbeutingen Langenbrettach Heilbronn 871 938
Maienfels Desert red Heilbronn 1,163 1,229
Mangoldsall Copper cell Hohenlohe district 389 389
Michelbach am Wald Öhringen Hohenlohe district 875 925
Possible Öhringen Hohenlohe district 211 218
Neuenstein , city Neuenstein Hohenlohe district 2,769 2,989
Neuhütten Desert red Heilbronn 1.010 1,178
Neureut Neuenstein Hohenlohe district 179 186
Obereppach ,
from 1969 Grünbühl
Neuenstein Hohenlohe district 366 391
Upper ears Pfedelbach Hohenlohe district 239 262
Obersöllbach Neuenstein Hohenlohe district 272 270
Obersteinbach Waldenburg Hohenlohe district 334 351
Öhringen , city Öhringen Hohenlohe district 10,050 11,367
Ohrnberg Öhringen Hohenlohe district 663 688
Orendelsall Doubts Hohenlohe district 163 186
Pfedelbach Pfedelbach Hohenlohe district 2,582 3,383
Rappach Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 385 403
Scheppach Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 664 726
Schwabbach Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 532 619
Schwöllbronn Öhringen Hohenlohe district 364 376
Siebeneich Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 161 151
Sindringen , city Forchtenberg Hohenlohe district 610 582
Unterheimbach Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 765 912
Untersteinbach Pfedelbach Hohenlohe district 854 869
Verrenberg Öhringen Hohenlohe district 346 414
Waldbach Bretzfeld Hohenlohe district 705 880
Waldenburg , city Waldenburg Hohenlohe district 1,489 1,853
Westernach Copper cell Hohenlohe district 976 980
Westernbach Doubts Hohenlohe district 205 210
Windischenbach Pfedelbach Hohenlohe district 453 484
Wohlmuthausen Forchtenberg Hohenlohe district 392 376
Doubts Doubts Hohenlohe district 912 925

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive symbol ÖHR when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972. It has been available in the Hohenlohe district since February 10, 2015 due to the license plate liberalization .


  • The district of Öhringen. Official district description (the urban and rural districts in Baden-Württemberg)
    • Volume I. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, [Stuttgart] 1961
    • Volume II. State Archives Administration Baden-Württemberg, [Stuttgart] 1968

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Öhringen  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 454 f .