District of Sinsheim

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Sinsheim
District of Sinsheim
Map of Germany, position of the Sinsheim district highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 10 '  N , 8 ° 55'  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
Existing period: 1938-1972
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : North Baden
Administrative headquarters : Sinsheim
Area : 529 km 2
Residents: 88,254 (May 27, 1970)
Population density : 167 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : SNH
Circle key : 08 2 38
Circle structure: 52 municipalities
Location of the district of Sinsheim in Baden-Württemberg
About this picture

The district of Sinsheim was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .



The district of Sinsheim was in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg .

Geographically, it had a majority share in the northern Kraichgau . The district town was roughly in the middle of the district.

Neighboring areas

Its neighbors were in 1972 clockwise starting in the northwest Heidelberg , Mosbach , Heilbronn , Vaihingen , Karlsruhe and Bruchsal .


Before 1803, the area of ​​the district of Sinsheim belonged mainly to the Electoral Palatinate . Then it came to the state of Baden , which was elevated to a Grand Duchy in 1806 . It emerged offices and so in 1813 the district office Sinsheim , which with the neighboring district office Neckarbischofsheim covered the majority of the later district Sinsheim. In 1840 Sinsheim and the neighboring office of Eberbach were raised to Grand Ducal-Badisch-Fürstlich-Leiningische district offices. At the same time, the district office of Hoffenheim was set up for the Princely Liningian places , but it was dissolved again in 1849. In 1864 the Neckarbischofsheim district office was dissolved and its area was assigned to the Sinsheim district office, which belonged to the Mannheim state commissioner district . In 1924, the Eppingen District Office was dissolved and some of the towns became part of the Sinsheim District Office. Like all Baden district offices in 1939 was awarded the district office Sinsheim due to the "Law on the county self-government" the name of the district Sinsheim .

After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Sinsheim belonged to the administrative district of North Baden . As a result of the municipal reform from 1970 onwards, the district area changed in three cases. On September 1, 1971, the municipality of Landshausen was assigned to the Bruchsal district because it became part of the newly formed town of Kraichtal on the same day . On January 1, 1972, the communities Eichelberg and Tiefenbach were incorporated into the community Östringen and thus also belonged to the district of Bruchsal.

With effect from January 1, 1973, the district of Sinsheim was finally dissolved. The northern part and with it the district town of Sinsheim was assigned to the newly formed Rhein-Neckar district , the southern part to the Heilbronn district . A few parishes also came to the Karlsruhe district. The legal successor to the district of Sinsheim was the Rhein-Neckar district.

Population development

All population figures are census results.

year Residents
May 17, 1939 51,550
December 31, 1945 63,417
September 13, 1950 79.015
year Residents
June 6, 1961 76.202
May 27, 1970 88,254

The sharp increase in population during and immediately after World War II is due to the influx of refugees and displaced persons. Since the male influx during the war was almost balanced out by relocation losses among the male population, while the female population increased by around 40% in the same period from 1939 to 1945, there was a significant surplus of women in the period that followed.


District Administrator

The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Sinsheim 1813–1972:

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district of Sinsheim showed in gold a red armored, black eagle, topped with a breast shield split from gold and black, inside a red sloping bar in front, behind a red crowned, red armored and red tongued golden lion. The coat of arms was awarded to the district of Sinsheim on May 17, 1956 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior.

The coat of arms reflects the historical dominance in the district. The eagle symbolizes the imperial knighthood of Kraichgau , to which some communities in the district belonged until 1803. The majority, however, belonged to the Electoral Palatinate. Therefore, the electoral-Bavarian lion is shown. The sloping beam is taken from the Baden coat of arms. It is also featured in the Eppinger city arms, the second largest city in the district.

Economy and Infrastructure


In addition to the federal motorway 6 Mannheim-Heilbronn, the federal highways 39 , 45 and 292 run through the district. In terms of rail, the Elsenz Valley Railway and the Steinsfurt – Eppingen railway line should be mentioned.


From 1938 onwards, 52 municipalities initially belonged to the district of Sinsheim, including 4 towns. In 1945 the American occupation assigned the town of Bad Wimpfen , which until then had belonged to Hesse , to the district of Sinsheim, but in 1952 it came to the district of Heilbronn at the request of the population .

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. It started with the municipality of Flinsbach in the Sinsheim district, which merged with the municipality of Helmstadt with effect from January 1, 1970. In the period that followed, the number of municipalities steadily decreased until the Sinsheim district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.

The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Sinsheim . The smallest community was Bockschaft .

In the table, the municipalities of the Sinsheim district are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.

former parish today's parish today's district Resident
on June 6, 1961
on May 27, 1970
Adelshofen Eppingen Heilbronn 904 1009
Adersbach Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 363 349
Babstadt Bad Rappenau Heilbronn 574 548
Bad Rappenau Bad Rappenau Heilbronn 3899 5404
Barges Helmstadt-Bargen Rhein-Neckar district 701 893
Berwangen Kirchardt Heilbronn 845 898
Buck stock Kirchardt Heilbronn 115 110
Daisbach Waibstadt Rhein-Neckar district 748 920
Dühren Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 1112 1178
Ehrstädt Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 425 434
Eichelberg Oestringen Karlsruhe 438 567
Eichtersheim Angelbachtal Rhein-Neckar district 1027 1384
Elsenz Eppingen Heilbronn 1580 1591
Epfenbach Epfenbach Rhein-Neckar district 1682 1931
Eppingen , city Eppingen Heilbronn 5501 6708
Eschelbach Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 1551 1787
Eschelbronn Eschelbronn Rhein-Neckar district 1973 2253
Flinsbach Helmstadt-Bargen Rhein-Neckar district 444 -
Gemmingen Gemmingen Heilbronn 2017 2458
Grombach Bad Rappenau Heilbronn 866 941
Hasselbach Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 235 235
Helmstadt Helmstadt-Bargen Rhein-Neckar district 2110 2293
Hilsbach , city Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 1479 1521
Hoffenheim Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 2081 2469
Ittlingen Ittlingen Heilbronn 1600 1665
Kirchardt Kirchardt Heilbronn 1755 1952
Kürnbach Kürnbach Karlsruhe 1851 2096
Landshausen Kraichtal Karlsruhe 807 824
Michelfeld Angelbachtal Rhein-Neckar district 1710 1912
Mühlbach Eppingen Heilbronn 1467 1701
Neckarbischofsheim , city Neckarbischofsheim Rhein-Neckar district 2546 2843
Neidenstein Neidenstein Rhein-Neckar district 1092 1346
Upper lashes Bad Rappenau Heilbronn 1268 1333
Reichartshausen Reichartshausen Rhein-Neckar district 1226 1457
Rows Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 1407 1443
Rich Eppingen Heilbronn 1154 1240
Rohrbach am Gießhübel Eppingen Heilbronn 1027 1176
Rohrbach near Sinsheim Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 889 1051
Siegelbach Siegelbach Heilbronn 1224 1409
Sinsheim , city Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 6532 8056
Stebbach Gemmingen Heilbronn 668 717
Steinsfurt Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 2103 2266
Sulzfeld (Baden) Sulzfeld Karlsruhe 3385 4121
Tiefenbach Oestringen Karlsruhe 805 833
Tresch blades Bad Rappenau Heilbronn 361 429
Lower eyelashes Neckarbischofsheim Rhein-Neckar district 579 582
Waibstadt Waibstadt Rhein-Neckar district 3151 3776
Forest fishing hole Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 1070 1199
hamlet Sinsheim Rhein-Neckar district 1167 1365
Wollenberg Bad Rappenau Heilbronn 238 225
Zaisenhausen Zaisenhausen Karlsruhe 1394 1641
Zuzenhausen Zuzenhausen Rhein-Neckar district 1500 1715

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign SNH when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Grand Ducal Baden Government Gazette No. XXII of July 30, 1813, p. 137
  2. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 478 ff .