|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|Administrative headquarters :||Rottweil|
|Area :||769.4 km 2|
|Residents:||139,455 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||181 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||RW|
|Circle key :||08 3 25|
|Circle structure:||21 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Wolf-Rüdiger Michel ( CDU )|
|Location of the Rottweil district in Baden-Württemberg|
The Rottweil district has a share in the geographical landscape units of the Central Black Forest , the eastern roofing of the Central Black Forest (sometimes also: the edge plates of the Central Black Forest) and the Upper Neckar-Gäuen. On its eastern edge, the district also has a small share of the foothills of the Alb and in the far southeast of the so-called Baar -Hochmulde.
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.
The Rottweil district has the following nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 437.31 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 0.57 percent.
- Albeck : 11.7 ha; City of Sulz am Neckar , district Sulz
- Fire dump : 9.9 ha; City of Oberndorf am Neckar , district Aistaig
- Dießen valley and side valleys : 509 ha, of which in the Rottweil district: 17.8 ha; City of Sulz am Neckar, district Dürrenmettstetten
- Hungerbühl-Weiherwiesen : 38.1 ha; City of Sulz am Neckar, district Mühlheim am Bach
- Calf dump : 4.1 ha; City of Oberndorf am Neckar, district Altoberndorf
- Linsenbergweiher : 29.4 ha; City of Rottweil , Rottweil and Göllsdorf districts
- Middle Bollerhalde : 3.1 ha; City of Oberndorf am Neckar, district Altoberndorf
- Neckarburg : 66.2 ha; City of Rottweil, Rottweil district
- Schischemtal : 216.6 ha; Community Epfendorf , districts Harthausen and Epfendorf, community Dietingen , districts Böhringen and Irslingen
- Schwarzenbach : 82 ha, of which in the Rottweil district: 40.6 ha; City of Rottweil, Neukirch and Zepfenhan districts
The core of the district of Rottweil goes back to the Oberamt Rottweil established in the Kingdom of Württemberg . After the Napoleonic Wars - after the mediatization of the formerly free imperial city of Rottweil in 1803 - this upper office was rewritten with the organizational edict of 1806 by Duke Friedrich II of Württemberg, who later became King of Württemberg. Essential for its constitution in terms of administrative law, however, is only the Maucler Organizational Edict issued in 1818 with the separation of justice and administration as well as office and official city.
In 1807 the Oberamt Sulz was established from the Oberamt Dornhan , parts of the Oberamt Rosenfeld , and in 1810 the Oberamt Oberndorf . After their dissolution in 1938, the administrative district of Rottweil was created out of these upper offices, which were renamed administrative districts in 1934. The Rottweil district was enlarged to include the majority of the Oberndorf district (five communities came to the Freudenstadt district ), some places in the Sulz district - the larger part was added to the Horb district - and individual communities in the Tuttlingen and Spaichingen districts. However, he also gave some places to the Balingen district .
After 1945, the district of Rottweil belonged to the state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern , which was added to the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952. After that he belonged to the administrative district of Südwürttemberg-Hohenzollern .
During the district reform , the Rottweil district became part of the newly formed Freiburg administrative district on January 1, 1973 . At that time, eight communities were assigned to the district of Horb , four from the district of Wolfach , the community of Glatt from the district of Hechingen and the community of Tennenbronn from the district of Villingen-Schwenningen . In return, the Rottweil district gave the communities of Peterzell and Römlinsdorf to the Freudenstadt district and Deißlingen and Weigheim to the Schwarzwald-Baar district .
Previously, on January 1, 1972, the Rottweil district ceded the town of Schwenningen am Neckar to the Villingen-Schwenningen district.
The community of Schörzingen was assigned to the Zollernalb district on February 1, 1973 . Deißlingen returned on January 1, 1974. Busenweiler was added on April 1, 1974 from the Freudenstadt district.
On May 1, 2006, the municipality of Tennenbronn was incorporated into the city of Schramberg . The district of Rottweil now comprises 21 municipalities, including 6 towns and of these, in turn, 2 " large district towns " (Rottweil and Schramberg). The largest city is Rottweil, the smallest municipality is Schenkenzell.
In the Rottweil district, a meeting of 25 women in the old church in Fluorn-Winzeln in the run-up to the first regular Green Party Congress in 1980 formulated a declaration on equality between men and women. It leads to the decision of the party on the equal representation of the state executive board and all offices and mandates with men and women according to the zipper principle.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office (main residences only).
The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the result shown in the diagrams.
- Results of previous district council elections
|Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||35.6||15th||33.3||17th||35.7||17th||39.8||22nd||37.1||20th||42.7||22nd|
|FW||Free electoral association||28.6||12||26.8||13||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Flat share||Electoral associations||-||-||-||-||26.3||14th||26.0||13||22.9||12||27.4||13|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||14.9||6th||13.9||7th||15.5||7th||16.5||7th||19.7||9||21.3||10|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||8.1||4th||14.0||7th||11.4||5||9.0||4th||5.9||3||4.0||1|
|ÖDP||Ecological Democratic Party||6.5||3||7.6||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||6.3||3||4.9||2||5.4||2||4.4||2||5.3||2||4.7||2|
|Turnout in percent||49.6||50.7||52.3||55.8||66.7||62.0|
- WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.
The district councilor is elected for eight years by the district council. He is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.
- The district councils of the district Rottweil since 1928
- 1928–1940: Gustav Regelmann
- 1940–1945: Hermann Rieger
- 1945–1952: Johann Ableitner
- 1953–1973: Nikolaus Freiherr von Enzberg
- 1973–2002: Manfred Autenrieth
- since 2002: Wolf-Rüdiger Michel
The Oberamtmen of the former Oberamt can be found in the article Oberamt Rottweil .
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Rottweil district shows in gold a red-tongued and red-armored black eagle, covered with a breast shield divided by silver and red, holding a lying deer pole with the ends turned down in its claws. The coat of arms was awarded on June 7, 1974 by the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg .
The imperial eagle stands for the formerly free imperial city of Rottweil, the stag pole for the Württemberg areas of the district and the split breastplate for the areas of the Counts of Hohenberg, which later belonged to Front Austria .
Economy and Infrastructure
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Rottweil district was ranked 153rd out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 77th out of 401.
In the north-west of the district, a small railway junction was created in Schiltach when a branch line to the clock town of Schramberg branched off from the Hausach – Freudenstadt Kinzig Valley Railway, which was opened in 1886 . The builder was the Badische Staatsbahn for the Hausach – Schiltach section and the Württembergische Staatsbahn for the remaining sections.
Of the total network of 90 kilometers in length, 21 kilometers have now been shut down for passenger and freight traffic:
- November 23, 1959 Schiltach – Schramberg (nine kilometers)
- September 25, 1971 Rottweil – Schömberg (twelve kilometers)
On the routes from Rottweil to Villingen and Tuttlingen, in addition to DB trains, motor coaches of the Hohenzollerische Landesbahn AG have been running since September 1, 2003 as part of the Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg ring train concept.
The federal motorway 81 Stuttgart - Singen (Hohentwiel) runs through the eastern district . Furthermore, several federal, state and district roads open up the district. The most important federal highways are the B 14 Stuttgart - Stockach , which runs through the district from north to south along the Neckar , the B 462 Freudenstadt - Rottweil , which comes from the northwest and then crosses the district eastwards, and the B 27 coming from Tübingen leads to Villingen-Schwenningen and Schaffhausen in Switzerland.
Since 2017, so-called rider benches have been set up in the municipalities of the district according to the motto thumbs out.
The Rottweil district is responsible for the following vocational schools : Rottweil commercial schools, Rottweil commercial and home economics schools (with a vocational school for geriatric care Schramberg), Schramberg commercial and home economics schools, Schramberg commercial schools, Robert-Gleichauf-Schule - Oberndorf am Neckar vocational schools and commercial schools Sulz, as well as the following special education and counseling centers : Gustav Werner School Rottweil (specialization focus on intellectual development), Wittumschule Schramberg (promotion focus on spiritual development), with the focus on learning in Schramberg, Rottweil, Oberndorf and Dunningen and Erich Kästner school with language therapy kindergarten Oberndorf am Neckar (language funding priority).
The district of Rottweil was the sole shareholder of the hospital society of the district of Rottweil mbH, founded in 1993. It was renamed in 1997 in the Rottweil District Health Center. The company operated the district hospitals in Rottweil and Schramberg until it was privatized by the Helios clinics in 2011.
The district operates its own district archive. The culture and museum center Schloss Glatt is a cultural institution of the district of Sulz a. N. and district borne together.
- Agreed administrative partnership between the community of Dunningen and the community of Eschbronn
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Oberndorf am Neckar and the communities of Epfendorf and Fluorn-Winzeln
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Rottweil and the communities of Deißlingen, Dietingen, Wellendingen and Zimmer ob Rottweil
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Schiltach and the community of Schenkenzell
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Schramberg and the communities of Aichhalden, Hardt and Lauterbach
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Sulz am Neckar and the municipality of Vöhringen
- Community administration association Villingendorf with seat in Villingendorf; Member communities: Bösingen and Villingendorf
|city||coat of arms||Area
December 31, 2018
PE per km²
above sea level
|Oberndorf am Neckar||55.93||14,073||252||506|
|Rottweil , large district town||71.76||25,274||352||607|
|Schramberg , large district town||80.70||21,189||263||426|
|Sulz am Neckar||87.60||12,336||141||443|
|local community||coat of arms||Area
December 31, 2018
PE per km²
above sea level
|Rooms above Rottweil||33.76||6.228||184||663|
Municipalities before the district reform
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the old district of Rottweil was made on January 1st, 1969 by the municipality of Bach and Altenberg, which merged with the municipality of Rötenberg . In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased. As a result of the municipal reform, the Rottweil district also lost three municipalities before the district reform. On January 1, 1971, the municipality of Reutin was incorporated into the town of Alpirsbach and thus moved to the Freudenstadt district . On January 1, 1972, the city of Schwenningen am Neckar (including the municipality of Mühlhausen, which was incorporated on January 1, 1970) was combined with the city of Villingen to form the new city of Villingen-Schwenningen and thus moved to the district of Villingen.
The remaining municipalities of the old Rottweil district merged into the newly enlarged Rottweil district on January 1, 1973, while Deißlingen was incorporated into the newly formed Schwarzwald-Baar district , but returned to the Rottweil district on January 1, 1974. On February 1, 1973, the community of Schörzingen moved to the Zollernalbkreis because it was incorporated into the community of Schömberg . On April 1, 1974, the communities of Peterzell and Römlinsdorf moved to the Freudenstadt district because they were incorporated into the town of Alpirsbach. On July 1, 1974, the municipalities of Aichhalden and Rötenberg merged to form the municipality of Aichhalden . On January 1, 1975, the community of Weigheim moved to the Schwarzwald-Baar district because it was incorporated into the city of Villingen-Schwenningen.
The largest municipality in the old Rottweil district was the town of Schwenningen am Neckar, which has been a major district town since April 1, 1956 . The smallest community was Goesslingen.
The table shows the population development of the old Rottweil district up to 1970. All population figures are census results.
In the table, the municipalities of the old Rottweil district are before the municipal reform.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign RW when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Volume VI: Freiburg administrative region. Official description by districts and communities (in eight volumes). Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Directorate. Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 .
- The Rottweil district. (= Baden-Württemberg, the state in its districts). Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Directorate in conjunction with the Rottweil district; 2 volumes. Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-7995-1365-5 .
- Wolfram Angerbauer (Red.): The heads of the upper offices, district offices and district offices in Baden-Württemberg from 1810 to 1972 . Published by the working group of the district archives at the Baden-Württemberg district assembly. Theiss, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-8062-1213-9 .
- Official website of the district
- Literature from and about the Rottweil district in the catalog of the German National Library
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- land according to type of actual use in 2015
- LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Organization 1806. Retrieved November 4, 2017 .
- Eberhard Gönner, Günther Haselier: Baden-Württemberg. History of its countries and territories . Ploetz, Freiburg 1975, ISBN 3-87640-052-X , p. 82 f .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 514 ff. and 532 .
- Armin Schulz: Part of the DNA comes from the Black Forest | Portrait | In the Rottweil district, the Greens came up with the women's quota | Christine Muscheler-Frohne was at the forefront 40 years ago . Ed .: Black Forest Messenger. No. 285 , December 9, 2019.
- statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections 1989–2009.
- statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in district elections 1989–2009.
- Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
- Trichtingen now has a passenger bench . In: Black Forest Messenger . R 2 183rd year (2017) No. 223 , 2017.
- Helios Kliniken - KommunalWiki. Retrieved November 4, 2017 .
- Rottweil district | District Archives. In: www.landkreis-rottweil.de. Retrieved March 11, 2016 .
- Rottweil district | KMZ Glatt Castle. In: www.landkreis-rottweil.de. Retrieved March 11, 2016 .