Wolfach district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Wolfach
Wolfach district
Map of Germany, position of the district Wolfach highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 20 '  N , 8 ° 10'  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
Existing period: 1938-1972
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : South Baden
Administrative headquarters : Wolfach
Area : 641 km 2
Residents: 57,262 (May 27, 1970)
Population density : 89 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : WOL
Circle key : 08 3 48
Circle structure: 30 parishes
Location of the district of Wolfach in Baden-Württemberg
About this picture

The district of Wolfach was a district in Baden-Württemberg that was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .



The district of Wolfach was located in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg .

Geographically, the district of Wolfach had a share in the Black Forest . The district town was roughly in the middle of the district.

Neighboring areas

Its neighboring districts were 1972 clockwise starting in the north Offenburg , Freudenstadt , Rottweil , Villingen-Schwenningen , Emmendingen and Lahr .


The area of ​​the later district of Wolfach belonged to various domains before 1800, including mainly the Prince of Fürstenberg . In 1803 the area came to Baden , which initially formed several offices , including the offices or district offices Haslach and Wolfach, which later, like the Hornberg office, which was acquired again by Württemberg in 1810, belonged to the regional commissioner district of Freiburg . In 1857 the district offices of Haslach and Hornberg were dissolved. The municipalities of the Haslach office and the municipality of Kirnbach of the Hornberg office were assigned to the Wolfach district office, the remaining municipalities of the Hornberg office to the Triberg district office . In 1864 Gutach also came to the Wolfach district office. In 1924 the Triberg district office was dissolved. This gave the Wolfach district office additional communities. It also received some municipalities from the Offenburg District Office in 1936 when this was enlarged by the dissolution of the Oberkirch District Office . From the enlarged Wolfach district office, the district of Wolfach emerged in 1939, which received two more communities from the district of Lahr and Offenburg. In 1945, however, he returned the community of Prinzbach to the Lahr district.

After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Wolfach belonged to the administrative district of South Baden . With effect from January 1, 1973 the district of Wolfach was dissolved. Most of its communities were absorbed into the newly formed Ortenaukreis , which became the legal successor to the Wolfach district. However, four communities in the southeastern district came to the enlarged Rottweil district , and two more communities in the northeast to the enlarged Freudenstadt district .

Population development

All population figures are census results.

year Residents
May 17, 1939 42,126
September 13, 1950 47.199
year Residents
June 6, 1961 52,742
May 27, 1970 57,262


District Administrator

The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Wolfach 1810–1972:

  • 1890-1893: Edmund Lang
  • 1893-1897: Julius Becker
  • 1897–1900: Otto Flad
  • 1900–1905: Karl Mayer
  • 1905–1908: Adolf Bauer
  • 1909–1916: Friedrich Föhrenbach
  • 1917–1928: Camill Hofheinz
  • 1928–1935: Theodor Leutwein
  • 1935–1936: Max Dittler
  • 1936–1945: Ludwig Wagner
  • 1945–1946: Hans Seydel
  • 1946–1965: Ludwig Heß
  • 1965–1972: Werner Ackenheil

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district of Wolfach showed a standing red double hook (Wolfsangel) in a shield divided by black and gold diagonally to the left. The coat of arms was awarded to the Wolfach district on March 30, 1960 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior .

The double hook was taken from the coat of arms of the district town of Wolfach, which in turn carries the wolf hook of the former Lords of Wolfach as the "talking" coat of arms. The shield colors correspond to the Baden-Württemberg state colors.

Economy and Infrastructure


There was no federal motorway running through the district . Only the federal highways 33 and 294 as well as several district roads opened up the district area.


As of 1939, the Wolfach district initially consisted of 31 communities, including 6 towns. In 1945 the community of Prinzbach was returned to the district of Lahr.

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Wolfach was made on July 1, 1971 by the municipality of Einbach, which merged with the city of Hausach . In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased until the Wolfach district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.

The largest municipality in the district was the town of Haslach in the Kinzig valley . The smallest community was Oberentersbach.

In the table, the municipalities of the Wolfach district are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.

former parish today's parish today's district Resident
on June 6, 1961
on May 27, 1970
Bad Rippoldsau Bad Rippoldsau-Schapbach Freudenstadt 1228 1359
Biberach Biberach Ortenau district 2202 2475
Bollenbach Haslach in the Kinzigtal Ortenau district 487 500
Einbach Hausach Ortenau district 747 751
Fischerbach Fischerbach Ortenau district 1016 1264
Gutach (Black Forest Railway) Gutach (Black Forest Railway) Ortenau district 2391 2447
Haslach im Kinzigtal , city Haslach in the Kinzigtal Ortenau district 5189 5638
Hausach , city Hausach Ortenau district 3592 4300
Hofstetten Hofstetten Ortenau district 767 902
Hornberg , city Hornberg Ortenau district 4233 4252
Kaltbrunn Thigh cell Rottweil 546 612
Kinzigtal Wolfach Ortenau district 1146 1106
Kirnbach Wolfach Ortenau district 809 781
Fiefdom Schiltach Rottweil 1089 1008
Mühlenbach Mühlenbach Ortenau district 1465 1566
Low water Hornberg Ortenau district 417 361
Nordrach Nordrach Ortenau district 1846 1870
Oberentersbach Zell am Harmersbach Ortenau district 184 160
Oberharmersbach Oberharmersbach Ortenau district 2222 2381
Oberwolfach Oberwolfach Ortenau district 2427 2611
Reichenbach Hornberg Ortenau district 730 776
Schapbach Bad Rippoldsau-Schapbach Freudenstadt 1402 1564
Thigh cell Thigh cell Rottweil 1537 1693
Schiltach , city Schiltach Rottweil 2969 3099
Steinach Steinach Ortenau district 2021 2278
Unterentersbach Zell am Harmersbach Ortenau district 479 512
Unterharmersbach Zell am Harmersbach Ortenau district 1826 2028
Welschensteinach Steinach Ortenau district 1084 1170
Wolfach , city Wolfach Ortenau district 3952 4594
Zell am Harmersbach , city Zell am Harmersbach Ortenau district 2739 3204

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign WOL when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972. It has been available in the Ortenau district since March 31, 2014 due to the license plate liberalization . It has also been available in the Freudenstadt district since February 19, 2018.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 506 .