|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Basic data (as of 1972)|
|Administrative region :||South Baden|
|Administrative headquarters :||Stockach|
|Area :||613 km 2|
|Residents:||52,432 (May 27, 1970)|
|Population density :||86 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||STO|
|Circle key :||08 3 44|
|Circle structure:||59 municipalities|
|Location of the Stockach district in Baden-Württemberg|
The Stockach district was in the south of Baden-Württemberg .
Geographically, the Stockach district in the north with the so-called " Badische Heuberg " had a share in the Swabian Alb . The southern district area belonged to the Hegau and extended to the Überlinger See of the Bodensee . The district town of Stockach was in the south of the district.
Before 1800, the area of what would later become the Stockach district belonged to various domains, including Upper Austria . In 1810 the area came to the Grand Duchy of Baden , which initially formed several offices , including the offices and district offices of Pfullendorf , Überlingen, Herdwangen, Meßkirch , Stetten and Stockach, which have changed or partially dissolved several times over the course of history. They belonged to the lake district. Initially only the offices of Messkirch, Stockach and Überlingen in the state commissioner district of Constance remained . In 1936 the office of Meßkirch was dissolved and its communities were incorporated into the Stockach office. This resulted in the Stockach district in 1939, which was again slightly changed.
After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Stockach belonged to the administrative district of South Baden . As a result of the municipal reform from 1970 onwards, the district area changed in two cases. On September 1, 1971, the Heinstetten community merged with the city of Meßstetten, Balingen district, and thus left the Stockach district. On April 1, 1972, the municipality of Beuren an der Aach was united with the town of Singen (Hohentwiel) , district of Constance, and thus also left the district of Stockach.
With effect from January 1, 1973, the Stockach district was dissolved as part of the Baden-Württemberg district reform. Its communities were mainly divided between the districts of Constance and Sigmaringen ; the district of Konstanz became the legal successor to the district of Stockach. Four communities came to the Tuttlingen district and two to the Zollernalb district . The communities of the former Stockach district have since belonged to the administrative districts of Freiburg and Tübingen .
All population figures - except for 1963 - are census results.
|year||Residents||Foreigners / share|
|May 17, 1939||36,216|
|September 13, 1950||40,793|
|June 6, 1961||47,219|
|December 31, 1963||49,450||1,434 / 2.9%|
|May 27, 1970||52,432|
- 1806-1808: Gianluca Carmona Fidel Burkard
- 1809–1810: Immanuel Israel Hartmann
- 1810–1811: Johann Baptist Sebastian Freiherr von Sonnenthal
- 1811–1819: Karl Müller
- 1819–1826: Martin Mors
- 1826–1842: Vinzenz Eckstein
- 1842–1848: Joseph Rieder
- 1848–1850: Marquard Georg Metzger
- 1850–1852: Otto Leopold
- 1852–1860: Markus Klein
- 1860–1876: Berthold Hatz
- 1876–1882: Theodor Clauss
- 1882–1886: Alexander Pfisterer
- 1886–1888: Albert Gautier
- 1888-1893: Julius Becker
- 1893–1898: Gustav Altfelix
- 1899–1902: Gustav Arnold
- 1903–1906: Hermann Korn
- 1906–1908: August Maier
- 1908–1919: Friedrich Pfaff
- 1919–1921: Adalbert Stehle
- 1921–1922: Helmut Müller
- 1922–1931: Alfred Hagenunger
- 1931–1935: Max Dittler
- 1935–1936: Gustav Schultheiß
- 1936–1937: Rudolf Goldschmidt
- 1938–1945: Wilhelm Hefft
- 1945: Felix Becker (as representative)
- 1945–1947: Wilhelm Liebherr
- 1947: Friedrich Leiser (acting)
- 1948–1954: Karl Wilhelm Kraut
- 1955–1972: Viktor Huber von Gleichenstein
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Stockach district showed three blue stag poles lying on top of each other in front, a red-tongued golden lion with a silver halberd on a red handle in its paws. The coat of arms was awarded by the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg on October 24, 1963.
The stag bars were symbols of the coat of arms of the Lords of Nellenburg , whose seat was in Stockach. The blazon was borrowed from the coat of arms of the Counts of Veringen . The lion comes from the coat of arms of the lords of Zimmer , who ruled the area around Messkirch.
Economy and Infrastructure
There was no federal motorway running through the district (the A 81 did not exist at that time). Therefore, the district was only developed through the federal roads 31 , 14 , 313 and several district roads.
From 1936/1939, 59 municipalities initially belonged to the Stockach district, including 3 towns.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the Stockach district was made on July 1, 1972 by the communities of Hindelwangen and Wiechs , which merged with the city of Stockach and the community of Steißlingen , respectively . In the period that followed, the number of municipalities steadily decreased until the Stockach district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.
The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Stockach. The smallest community was Schwackenreute.
In the table, the municipalities of the Stockach district are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign STO when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972.
- Franz Götz: districts and districts in the Baden Lake Constance area. Its development since 1803 and its main organs. Chronological overview and personal details . Published on behalf of the districts of Constance, Stockach and Überlingen in conjunction with the Association for the History of Hegaus eV (Hegau Library Volume 17). Radolfzell: Verlag Huggle and Meurer, 1971.
- Stockach district. (= The city and rural districts of Baden-Württemberg in words and numbers; Issue 59) . Published by the Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Economics in Baden-Württemberg, processing and printing of the State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, 1972.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 502 f .
- Heimat-Chronik . In: HEGAU - magazine for history, folklore and natural history of the area between the Rhine, Danube and Lake Constance. Issue 2 (18) 1964, p. 430.