Radolfzell on Lake Constance

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Coat of arms of the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance
Radolfzell on Lake Constance
Map of Germany, position of the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 44 '  N , 8 ° 58'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Constancy
Height : 404 m above sea level NHN
Area : 58.57 km 2
Residents: 31,203 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 533 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 78315
Area code : 07732
License plate : KN
Community key : 08 3 35 063
City structure: Core city and 6 districts

City administration address :
Marktplatz 2
78315 Radolfzell on Lake Constance
Website : www.radolfzell.de
Lord Mayor : Martin Staab (independent)
Location of the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance in the district of Constance
Bodensee Bodenseekreis Landkreis Waldshut Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Landkreis Tuttlingen Landkreis Sigmaringen Aach (Hegau) Allensbach Bodman-Ludwigshafen Büsingen am Hochrhein Stockach Eigeltingen Engen Gaienhofen Gailingen am Hochrhein Gottmadingen Hilzingen Hohenfels (bei Stockach) Konstanz Mainau Moos (am Bodensee) Mühlhausen-Ehingen Mühlingen Öhningen Orsingen-Nenzingen Radolfzell am Bodensee Reichenau (Landkreis Konstanz) Reichenau (Landkreis Konstanz) Reichenau (Landkreis Konstanz) Reichenau (Landkreis Konstanz) Rielasingen-Worblingen Singen (Hohentwiel) Steißlingen Stockach Tengen Volkertshausen Schweizmap
About this picture
Radolfzell of the peninsula Höri from

Radolfzell am Bodensee is a city on the northwestern shore of Untersee , a part of Lake Constance , about 20 km northwest of Konstanz and ten km east of Singen (Hohentwiel) and after these the third largest city in the district of Konstanz , the third largest city on Lake Constance and the only one City that bears the addition "on Lake Constance". Radolfzell forms a middle center for the surrounding communities and has been a major district town since January 1, 1975 .

Radolfzell is a health resort (Mettnaukur / Mettnau ) and a railway traffic junction with trades in mechanical engineering, in the automotive industry and in the textile and food industry.


View of the Höri peninsula from Radolfzell
Radolfzell shore, view in south direction to the Swiss Seerücken
Port in Radolfzell

Geographical location

Radolfzell is located on the northwestern shore of Lake Constance , on the Untersee ( Zeller See and Gnadensee ), on the old Konstanz-Singen-Engen road, embedded in the landscape between Lake Constance, Höri , Hegau and Bodanrück . The urban area is between 395 m (Lake Constance) and 675 m (Liggeringen district) above sea ​​level . In the eastern part of the city, in the Möggingen district, there is the approximately two km long and 600 m wide Mindelsee .

Neighboring communities

The following cities and communities border the city of Radolfzell ( clockwise from the southwest): Moos (on Lake Constance) , Singen (Hohentwiel) , Steißlingen , Stockach , Bodman-Ludwigshafen , Allensbach and Reichenau (all districts of Konstanz ).

City structure

The urban area consists of the core city and the municipalities incorporated as part of the municipal reform from 1974

This includes various spatially separated settlements and living spaces:

  • to Böhringen: Am Kreuzbühl, bei der Sandgrube, Haldenstetten, Pachthof, Reutehöfe , Rickelshausen, Weiherhof and brick factory
  • to Güttingen: Buchhof, Neubuchhof, Säckle and Ziegelhof
  • to Liggeringen: Hirtenhof, Mühlsberg and Röhrnang
  • to Markelfingen: Friends of Nature House
  • to Möggingen: Dürrenhof, castle with castle courtyard Möggingen, Ziegelhof
  • to Stahringen: Bendelhof, Benzenhof, Hinterhomburg, Neuweilerhof, Porthöfe, Schloßhöfe, Unterhöfe and Weilerhof

Spatial planning

Radolfzell forms a middle center within the Hochrhein-Bodensee region , the middle area of ​​which includes the cities and communities Gaienhofen , Moos and Öhningen of the district of Constance.

In addition, there are links with the cantons of Schaffhausen and Thurgau in Switzerland .



The Radolfzell district already offered settlement incentives in prehistoric times. Numerous archaeological sites attest to this. In the core town there are mostly traces of the Middle Ages and modern times, in the districts there are primarily traces of older settlement.

middle Ages

Origin / foundation

Radolfzell was founded around 826 by Bishop Radolt von Verona (term of office 799 to 840, died around 847), after which the city got its name (Latin: Cella Ratoldi). The oldest carrier of the founding history of Radolfzell is a reliquary transfer legend of the Reichenau monastery and part of the collective manuscript of the Reichenau "Codex domesticus". In the translation legend De miraculis et virtutibus beati Marci evangelistae , the writing, created by an anonymous author around 930 at the time of King Henry I (919–936), reports how the Veronese Bishop Radolt also came to the monastery island of Reichenau on a trip to his Alemannic homeland be. Radolt asked Abbot Erlebald to leave him the canon cell of Eginos, his teacher and predecessor on the Verona bishopric, who had been founded on the northern shore of the island . The abbot, who did not want to grant him this wish, had referred him to another place he had chosen on the opposite shore of the lake, of which it says in the Reichenau script:

Est locus valde speciosus… Reichenauer manuscript: Cod. Aug. perg. 84, made around 930

Est locus valde speciosus, a nostro monasterio segregatus ultra lacum iacens inter aquilonarem et occidentalem plagam spatio duorum milium, in quo erant piscatorum domus nullique alii aptus cultui. Hunc coepit excolere, domos aedificare nec non ecclesiam ad honorem deo in eodem loco construere nominisque sui vocabulum eidem cellulae imponere vocans eam Ratoltescella, quae nunc usque comparet. Quam cum multimodis decoraret ornamentis omnibusque iuxta suae mentis affectum rite patris ad episcopalem sedem, unde venerat, reversus est.

“This place, now two miles to the northwest from the monastery across the lake, was extremely lovely, but only inhabited by fishermen and not suitable for any other cultivation. So Radolt began to prepare it and to build apartments and a church there for the glory of God and to name the cell founded in this way after himself Radolt's cell, as it is still today. After he had decorated it in many ways and furnished it entirely according to his needs, he returned to his bishopric. "

Further development

As a result, Radolt bought relics of the evangelist Mark in Venice and the bones of Saints Senesius and Theopontus in Treviso for considerable sums of money . He transferred the Markus relics to Reichenau in 830, and buried the latter in his cell church, which probably became a place of pilgrimage for the two saints, patron saints of the future city, early on (see below: Religion).

High Middle Ages

In 1100 it came under the Reichenau Abbot Ulrich II. Dapfen of and with the approval of Henry IV. After Allensbach "in the hamlet Radolfs" ( in villa Ratolfi ) to the second market founding of the monastery, presumably connected to its own mint money . In addition to the farming and fishing village, the old Kelhof and the church of Radolf, which was in the care of a canon monastery, a trading center separate from the Kelhof was established with its own rights. The market law document of 1100 is considered the earliest document handed down in southwest Germany about the creation of a separate urban land law, which was further developed in the municipal law of Freiburg im Breisgau in 1120. At the same time, the settlement was expanded and a little later the construction of a city wall and its four oldest gate towers, three of which are still preserved today, along with the remains of the city wall.

The abbots of Reichenau, who in the early days of the settlement had basic and court rights, and therefore unlimited rule over the place as their own property, also enfeoffed and awarded the bailiwick rights to Reichenau ministerials , who in turn worked with the respective Meier and mayor for the Jurisdiction or for the legal and regular payments of the interest farmers ( censuals ) and servants to the Reichenauer feudal givers were responsible.

City law

It was not until 1267 that Radolfzell received its town charter and in this context is again subject to the "lawful authority" of a Reichenau abbot ( Albrecht von Ramstein ), after it had been subordinate to the Lords of Friedingen , who exercised Vogt and Meieramt over Radolfzell.

Rule of the Habsburgs

But not long after Reichenau had bought back the Bailiwick of Radolfzell, in 1298 the Bishop of Constance Heinrich II. Von Klingenberg , under whose care the abbotless and highly indebted Reichenau Monastery was at that time, sold the Bailiwick of Radolfzell and the villages of Aach (Hegau ) , Überlingen am Ried , Böhringen and Reute (Radolfzell) to the Habsburgs under King Albrecht I (HRR) . In the Habsburg land register at the beginning of the 14th century, Radolfzell is managed together with Böhringen, Überlingen and Reute - belonging to the Habsburg office of Aach. Radolfzell was to remain under the rule of Habsburg Austria almost continuously for the next 500 years. Although in 1415 the city received as a result of the proscription of Duke Frederick IV. The realm of freedom - Friedrich had the on the Council of Constance , who remained Pope John XXIII. helped to escape - but in 1455 the city came under Habsburg-Austrian rule again, belonged to the Landgraviate of Nellenburg and was one of the Swabian-Austrian estates.

Peasants' War

Radolfzell was imperial and against the rebellious peasants. Hans Müller von Bulgenbach tried to take Radolfzell with his Black Forest heap, and Kunz Jehle was also involved . However, he had to break off the siege on July 1, 1525 in view of dwindling support (around 10,000 men against a rider group of 8,000 men under the leadership of Mark Sittich von Hohenems ). Around 24 villages in Hegau were then killed. Requested help together with Ulrich Albrecht by means of a letter of appeal to the confederates remained unsuccessful.

In 1609 Radolfzell became the seat of the knight canton of Hegau . The office was located in the Ritterhaus , a former aristocratic court that became the seat of the district office in 1810.

Modern times

In 1806 the city fell to the Kingdom of Württemberg and in 1810 came in exchange to the Grand Duchy of Baden . Here the city became the seat of the Radolfzell District Office , which was dissolved in 1872. Radolfzell then belonged to the district office of Konstanz , from which the district of Konstanz emerged in 1939 .

time of the nationalsocialism

The co-ordination of public and private life that went hand in hand with the National Socialists' takeover in 1933 was just as extensive in Radolfzell as it was everywhere in the German Reich at the time. Already on July 29, 1932, shortly before the Reichstag election , the NSDAP and the NSEAP organized an election rally in Radolfzell in the Mettnau Stadium with Adolf Hitler as a speaker and in front of thousands of listeners. After Hitler was appointed Chancellor , the party organizations held a large torchlight procession on the evening of January 30, 1933 in Radolfzell. In 1933/1934 the political parties, companies, authorities and schools in the city were dissolved or brought into line; Renaming of numerous streets and squares after prominent National Socialists. At the beginning of 1934, the previous mayor Otto Blesch was ousted from his office and replaced by NSDAP district leader and district inspector Eugen Speer. There was a sharp increase in the number of SA members in 1934; Radolfzell became the seat of an SA rider standard.

The SS garrison in Radolfzell and the Dachau external concentration camp command in Radolfzell

At the initiative of Mayor Eugen Speer , who had strongly advocated this location during his tenure, the construction of a spacious barracks for the Schutzstaffel (SS) based on plans by the Karlsruhe architect Hermann Alker began in the north of the city at the end of 1935 . Since the death of her first commander Heinrich Koeppen from October 1939 eponymous SS barracks was on 31 July 1937, the arrival of an SS-Verfügungstruppe , of 1935 in Soltau erected III. Battalions of the SS-Standarte Germania , occupied and used in the following years by changing associations of the Waffen-SS . Until the beginning of the war in 1939, the battalion of the available troops were stationed, from December 1939 the SS-Totenkopf - Infantry-Ersatz-Bataillon I, which had previously been set up in Breslau (first moved to Stralsund and then to Warsaw in December 1940 ), and at the end of 1940 a group leader course for NCOs and in 1941 a War Reserve Leader Candidate Course (RFA) as part of the “Führer” - d. H. Officer training for the Waffen SS. After the withdrawal of the Totenkopfverband, with effect from February 15, 1941, the SS-Unterführerschule Radolfzell (USR) was stationed in the Heinrich-Koeppen-Kaserne by the SS Leadership Main Office and on the orders of the Reichsführer SS, Heinrich Himmler , “to secure suitable junior officers” . Between May 1941 and January 1945 there was also an external command from the Dachau concentration camp on the barracks area.

The SS troops from Radolfzell blew up during the Reichspogromnacht on 9/10. November 1938 the synagogues of Konstanz , Gailingen , Wangen and Randegg . The Radolfzell SS battalion was also used in the connection of Austria , the annexation of the Sudeten German territories , the smashing of Czechoslovakia and the attack on Poland . In addition, the Radolfzeller Totenkopfverband was involved in the local measures as part of the so-called Wagner-Bürckel-Aktion in autumn 1940: within a few days on October 22, 1940, all 234 Jews from the area around Radolfzell and the Höri were transferred to the Gurs internment camp in southern France deported.

Numerous, including high-ranking members of the Waffen-SS responsible for war crimes, worked in the Radolfzell Unterführer school between 1941 and 1945 as changing instructors for junior officers who were each trained for at least three months in military and ideological terms in the sense of National Socialism before they finally learned how their instructors, deployed on the different fronts of the war. Between November 1942 and January 1943, the former commander in chief of the French army and defense minister of the collaborative regime of Vichy , General Maxime Weygand , was interned in the subordinate school. From the sub Führerschule end in 1944, the SS regiment Radolfzell under Obersturmbannführer Willi Braun and, after his early loss, Kurt United recruited and early 1945, several "battle groups" that are still in the last months of the war in the territory of the Upper Rhine / Colmar operated and Lake Constance.

The SS shooting range built by concentration camp inmates in 1941/1942. Here is the middle of the three firing paths bordered by earth walls with high aperture (2009)

With the first contingent of over one hundred prisoners from Dachau - among other things, they were forced to build a large-caliber shooting range in the Gewann Altbohl (district of Güttingen and Möggingen) - Dachau guards also came to the concentration camp external command integrated into the SS barracks. The barracks guard of the subordinate school took over the supervision of the prisoners in the barracks area. According to the “school order” of the USR commander in charge, the guard duty was to be carried out “analogously to that of the concentration camps”, which de facto meant the adoption of the Dachau camp regulations . When the prisoners were deployed outside, the Dachau guards were responsible for guard duty. The first “commando leader” between May 1941 and August 1942 was SS- Hauptscharführer Josef Seuss , who was later sentenced to death by the Americans as a war criminal in the Dachau main trial in 1945 and executed .

At least two prisoners perished violently in the Radolfzell external command, as evidenced by surviving Dachau camp documents: Jacob Dörr (1916–1941) and Fritz Klose (1904–1943). Since 2004 ("Jakob-Dörr-Str") and 2019 ("Fritz-Klose-Weg") two street names in Radolfzell have been reminding of the concentration camp prisoners. While the "Jakob-Dörr-Str." (Sic) on the area of ​​the former barracks had previously been nameless, the 1956 so-called " Landserweg " between the barracks and the former SS housing estate was renamed in 2019 to "Fritz-Klose-Weg". In 2016, a planned street in a new building area in the north of the city was named after Leonhard Oesterle , who had been a prisoner in the external camp since May 1941 and who, together with his fellow Czech inmate Oldřich Sedláček, managed to escape to Switzerland in November 1943.

In the last days of the war, five SS soldiers refused to serve and asked for asylum at the Swiss border , which they were denied. They were handed over to the German authorities. The five soldiers were shot dead by members of the Radolfzell SS regiment and buried in the old Radolfzell cemetery, later transferred to the forest cemetery as the graves of five “unknown soldiers”.

On April 25, 1945, the French troops marched in. They occupied the barracks at the beginning of May 1945 and used them and the shooting range without any major structural changes.

After the French armed forces withdrew from Caserne Vauban in 1977, the barracks area and its buildings were gradually opened to civilian use. Today they belong to the so-called industrial area north . The size and substance of the abandoned shooting range is clearly recognizable and preserved in the increasingly overgrown area.

Information board (2012) on the former Waffen-SS shooting range


A commemorative plaque was attached to the former SS shooting range in 2010 by a civil society initiative and in 2012 by the City of Radolfzell - in cooperation with this memorial initiative - an information plaque on the development and use of the area. In September 2013, a memorial and information center was opened to the public in the entrance area of ​​the former staff building of the barracks. The ensemble of a metal sculpture and four information boards was made by the Pforzheim artist René Dantes . Since then, both the former SS shooting range and the former SS barracks have been among the memorials in Baden-Württemberg designated by the State Center for Political Education .

Stumbling blocks

In June 2014, September 2015 and July 2016 a total of 23 stumbling blocks were laid in Radolfzell and Markelfingen in memory of those persecuted during the Nazi era.


As a result of the incorporation of six neighboring communities, the number of inhabitants exceeded the limit of 20,000 in the mid-1970s. As a result, the city administration applied for a major district town , which the state government of Baden-Württemberg decided with effect from January 1, 1975. In 1990 Radolfzell was the federal environmental capital.

Districts of Radolfzell

The districts of Radolfzell also have a long history:

Boehringen Böhringen was first mentioned in 1125 as Peringen . The place belonged to the Reichenau monastery and was subordinate to the Ammannamt Radolfzell from 1420, then to the Habsburg office of Aach and finally to the city of Radolfzell. The sovereignty lay with Austria, the blood jurisdiction with the Landgraves of Nellenburg . In 1805 the place with Radolfzell fell to Württemberg, came to Baden in 1810 and was assigned to the Radolfzell district office. The Weiherhof is located near Böhringen , on the site of the former Weiherhof moated castle .
Güttingen Güttingen was first mentioned in 860 as Chutininga . The monastery of St. Gallen owned possessions. But the region was already settled in prehistoric times. A burial ground from the Bronze and Iron Ages (2nd / 1st millennium BC) was found in Güttingen. The Lords of Güttingen appear in the 12th century, two castles are mentioned in the 16th century. In the 15th century the lower court belonged to the Lords of Bodman (line to Möggingen), Reichsministeriale der Staufer, and the Blarer family from Constance. The latter sold their property in 1504 to the Lords of Bodman, who sold them to the Lords of Homburg and then bought them back. Güttingen remained with the Lords of Bodman as a knightly place in Hegau, came to Baden in 1806 and was assigned to the district office of Constance.
Liggeringen Liggeringen was first mentioned in 806 as Lütteringen . The place belonged to the Reichenau monastery early on, but the lords of Liggeringen existed as noble free until 1135. The lower court was partially pledged to the Lords of Bodman, who finally owned the place and the bailiwick from the 16th century. From 1744 to 1774 the place was temporarily pledged to the Heilig-Geist-Spital Konstanz. In 1806 the place came to Baden and in 1807 it was assigned to the district office of Konstanz.
Markelfingen Markelfingen was first mentioned in 724 as Marcolfinga . The place belonged to the Reichenau monastery early on and was administered by ministerials in the 16th century , and with Reichenau finally came to the Konstanz monastery . In 1803 the place fell to Baden and until 1809 belonged to the Reichenau office, since then to the Konstanz district office.
Möggingen Möggingen was first mentioned in 860 as Mechinga . The monastery of St. Gallen and the Bishop of Constance had possessions. A local rule and a castle is documented until the 15th century. In the 14th century the place came to the Lords of Bodman, who temporarily sold it to the Lords of Homburg, but then bought it back again. In 1806 Möggingen came to Baden and was assigned to the district office of Konstanz. In 1924 the neighboring town of Dürrenhof was incorporated.
Stahringen Stahringen was first mentioned in 1127 as Stalringen . The Bishop of Constance had possessions. An earlier Bronze Age and Iron Age settlement is also known. The Konstanz ministerial sold the place in 1565 to the Lords of Bodman. In 1614 it came to the monastery of St. Gallen and in 1744/49 it fell back to the Bishop of Constance. Nellenburg held the blood spell. In 1805 the place fell to Baden, the Nellenburg rights were in dispute with Württemberg. Until 1810, Stahringen was the seat of a sub-office within the Bohlingen office, before the Stockach office came to be, from which the Stockach district emerged in 1939 . When it was dissolved in 1973, the place became part of the Constance district.


The following communities or parts of the community were incorporated into the city of Radolfzell:

  • January 1, 1974: Liggeringen, Markelfingen, Möggingen (with the Dürrenhof incorporated in 1924) and Stahringen
  • January 1, 1975: Böhringen (with Rickelshausen incorporated in 1892) and Güttingen

Population development

Population figures according to the respective area. The figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ).

Population development from 1812 to 2016
year Residents
1812 1,053
1825 1,127
1833 1,194
1855 1,336
1858 1,370
1861 1,493
December 1, 1871 1,556
December 1, 1880¹ 2,056
December 1, 1900 ¹ 4,160
December 1, 1910¹ 6.011
June 16, 1925 ¹ 7,026
June 16, 1933 ¹ 7,467
May 17, 1939 ¹ 8,044
year Residents
September 13, 1950 ¹ 9,712
June 6, 1961 ¹ 13,607
May 27, 1970 ¹ 15,692
December 31, 1975 23,274
December 31, 1980 23,709
May 25, 1987 ¹ 25.051
December 31, 1990 26,476
December 31, 1995 28,089
December 31, 2000 28,862
December 31, 2005 30,252
December 31, 2010 30,782
December 31, 2016 30,784

¹ census result


Our Lady Minster in Radolfzell

Radolfzell initially belonged to the diocese of Constance . Not far from the cell founded by Ratold (also Radolf) a church was built, which was consecrated to Saints Senesius and Theopont . In the 11th century Saint Zeno was added. The three city patrons were also called the "hosts". The church was replaced from 1436 to 1550 by today's cathedral, which was dedicated to Our Lady . For centuries this church remained the only parish church in the city that remained Catholic until the 19th century. But there were also some monasteries and chapels. The Franciscan Tertiary Convent of St. Ursula was founded in the 14th century, but it ceased to exist in 1525. The associated chapel was rebuilt in the 17th century, but demolished again in the 19th century. A Capuchin monastery was built in 1625/27 and closed in 1826. The associated church of St. George from 1660 was converted into a residential building. A St. Anna chapel was donated in 1727, another (St. Wolfgang) on ​​the Mettnau was demolished in 1784. A retirement home was later set up in the Heilig-Geist-Spital from 1343.

The parish of Radolfzell came to the newly founded Archdiocese of Freiburg in 1821/27 . Due to a strong increase in the population, the Curatie St. Meinrad was established in 1937 , which received its own church from 1957 to 1959, at which a parish was established in 1964.

There are also Catholic parishes in the Radolfzell districts, which have a long tradition. A Bartholomäus chapel was mentioned in Böhringen as early as 1426, but the original Radolfzell branch was not elevated to the parish of St. Nikolaus until 1728. The current church dates from 1958. The old church from 1730 was included in the vestibule. A church was mentioned in Güttingen in 1155. The parish was probably established as early as the 13th century. Today's St. Ulrich Church was built on older remains in 1795 and expanded from 1884 to 1896 and rebuilt again in the 20th century. A parish was named in Liggeringen in 1360/70. The current parish church of St. Georg was built in the neo-Romanesque style in 1905. The old church, built between 1711 and 1717, serves as the north transept. There has also been a parish in Markelfingen since the 14th century. The parish church of St. Laurentius was built in 1612. The former pilgrimage chapel of St. Anna from the 17th century was converted into a residential building in 1816. The parish there was mentioned in Möggingen in 1275. The parish church of St. Gallus dates from 1749, the interior is neo-Romanesque, the tower was only added in 1839. Stahringen has had its own parish since 1740, but a chapel is mentioned as early as 1482. The current parish church of St. Zeno was built in 1836. All the above-mentioned Catholic parishes belong to the Dean's Office of Constance of the Archdiocese of Freiburg. They form the pastoral care unit St. Radolt Radolfzell.

Protestants also moved to Radolfzell in the 19th century . In 1869 a separate congregation was founded, which was initially looked after by the parish of Singen and then from Stockach. In 1904 Radolfzell became its own parish after a church had been built in 1898. However, this was canceled in 1963. Today's Christ Church was built between 1965 and 1967. Until 1970 the Protestants of today's districts also belonged to the Radolfzell community. But a vicariate was established in Böhringen in 1970 and a separate parish in 1972. The Paul Gerhardt Church was built in 1958. The community of Böhringen also includes the Protestants of the districts of Güttingen, Liggeringen, Markelfingen, Möggingen and Stahringen as well as other neighboring towns. Both Protestant parishes in the Radolfzell urban area belong to the Deanery of Constance of the Evangelical Church in Baden . In addition, there are also parishes of Protestant free churches in Radolfzell , including a United Methodist parish , a Free Protestant community and an Evangelical Free Church community ( Baptists ) in Stahringen.

The Turkish-Islamic community with a mosque has existed in Radolfzell since 1982 .

The Jehovah's Witnesses , the Apostolic Community and the New Apostolic Church are also represented in Radolfzell.


Local election in Radolfzell 2019
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+ 5.9  % p
-5.5  % p
-0.5  % p
-2.2  % p
+ 2.2  % p

Municipal council

The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result with a turnout of 60.8% (+ 12.0% p):

Party / list Share of votes +/-% p Seats +/-
Free Green List 28.4% + 5.9 7th + 1
CDU 26.8% - 5.5 7th - 1
FWG 18.8% - 0.5 5 ± 0
SPD 13.7% - 2.2 4th ± 0
FDP 12.3% + 2.2 3 ± 0


At the head of the city was the Reichau bailiff, to whom the Ammann and the council were subordinate. In 1421 the city of Reichenau acquired the castle and the Ammannamt (municipal administration and lower jurisdiction) resting on it as a pledge and in 1538 finally took possession of it. There was also a small council and a big council. After the transition to Baden in 1810, a mayor headed the city administration.

The mayor of Radolfzell has held the title of mayor since it was elevated to the status of a major district town in 1975 . This is now directly elected by the electorate for a term of eight years. He is chairman of the municipal council and head of administration. His general deputy is the first alderman with the official title of mayor . Acting Lord Mayor is the non-party Martin Staab , Monika Laule is the mayor.

Mayor or Lord Mayor of Radolfzell since 1793

  • 1793–1808: Anton Leibes
  • 1808–1814: Josef Hermanuz
  • 1815-1816: Max Frey
  • 1817–1822: Peter Mayer
  • 1823–1825: Josef Grüner
  • 1825–1838: Anton Spachholz
  • 1838–1851: Johann Baptist Mohr
  • 1851–1852: Josef Spachholz
  • 1852–1864: Johann Häusler
  • 1864–1865: Johann Drescher
  • 1866–1867: Dominik Noppel
  • 1867–1880: Josef Anton Vogt
  • 1880–1891: Konstantin Noppel
  • 1891–1894: August Summer

coat of arms

Radolfzell coat of arms.png

Blazon : “Split by gold and silver; in front a golden crowned, golden armored and red tongued red lion, behind a continuous, half red bar cross at the gap. "

The market place of the Reichenau monastery received town charter in 1267, was sold to Habsburg in 1298 and was temporarily an imperial town in the 15th century. The oldest seal, which contains an enthroned bishop, probably the local founder St. Radolt, still falls during the time of the monastery rule. In the secretion after 1300, the figure of the Habsburg lion shown in the knee is attached; in the third seal (since 1514) it replaced today's shield. The cross is a diminution of the Reichenau coat of arms. Archduke Ferdinand awarded the lion's crown and golden reinforcement in 1526. Only the city coat of arms has appeared as a seal since the 18th century, after it appeared in color on a coat of arms disk as early as 1513.

The coat of arms symbols appear for the first time in a seal from 1483.


The city flag is red - white - yellow. The city banner has been handed down since 1388.

Town twinning

Radolfzell maintains a town partnership with the following cities :


Rail transport

Regional shuttle of the ring train in Radolfzell station to travel on the Seehäsle

The city is a regional rail hub; The Radolfzell – Mengen railway branches off from the Hochrheinbahn at Radolfzell station . There is an hourly regional express from Karlsruhe to Constance . In addition, the Seehas stopping everywhere runs every half hour between Engen and Konstanz. In east-west direction through intercourse InterRegioExpress trains between Ulm and Basel as well as the Seehänsele - regional trains from Friedrichshafen to Radolfzell. The Seehäsle after Stockach also has its starting point in Radolfzell. Radolfzell is part of the Hegau-Bodensee transport association (VHB). In addition, with a single pair of intercity trains on line 35 , the city has a free connection to Cologne and further via the Ruhr area to Norddeich Mole , which is only offered on weekends. In addition, Mon-Fri two pairs of trains of keeping IC line 87 Konstanz-Stuttgart .

In the 1980s, the model maker Faller presented a kit of the historic "Radolfzell Platform Bridge" in its catalog. Finding the prototype at the train station would have been impossible, however; the bridge was demolished in the course of the new station building after 1967 and replaced by today's underpass. When selling this kit, Faller decided not to use the name “Radolfzell”.

Road traffic

Radolfzell is connected to the trunk road network via federal highways 33 and 34 .

Bus transport

The Stadtwerke Radolfzell operate the city bus service, regional buses in all major cities of the area.


The Radolfzell port facility was once important for cargo ship traffic, today leisure boats dock. Radolfzell is connected to the regular service of the Lake Constance shipping company .

Economy and Infrastructure

Local businesses and organizations

Large based companies and organizations are

With the Radolfzell Innovation and Technology Center (RIZ), a new form of support for innovative companies and growth-oriented small and medium-sized enterprises has emerged in the north industrial area . Office, workshop and laboratory space is offered on a total area of ​​around 15,000 m².

In the 1930s, the racing motorcycle brand Champion was produced in Radolfzell . The only remaining example is in the Meßkirch Oldtimer Museum .


Radolfzell has a district court that belongs to the district court district of Konstanz, a chamber of the labor court of Lörrach, and various offices of the district office of Konstanz.


The Südkurier appears in Radolfzell with a local local edition as a daily newspaper . In addition, the advertising papers Singener Wochenblatt appear in the local edition Radolfzell and Hallo Radolfzell , the latter with public announcements ( official gazette ). The private television station Regio TV Bodensee also reports from the Lake Constance region . The editorial team of the water sports magazine Internationale Bodensee + Boot-Nachrichten (IBN) is located in Radolfzell .

Education and Research

Radolfzell seat of the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology , consisting of the Radolfzell ornithological with emerged that in 1901 as a bird observatory Rossitten was founded and in Seewiesen has another seat.

Radolfzell is the seat of a number of educational institutions at the primary level , the lower secondary level and the upper secondary level . It is the seat of schools for vocational education and training in accordance with its function as a medium-sized center .

The city of Radolfzell is responsible for the Friedrich-Hecker -Gymnasium, a grammar school with a linguistic and scientific profile, the Gerhard-Thielcke - Realschule , the Ratoldus Community School (primary and secondary level I), a special school (Radolfzeller Hausherren Schule), two elementary and secondary schools with Werkrealschule (elementary and secondary school with Werkrealschule Böhringen and Tegginger elementary and secondary school) and six elementary schools (Güttingen, Liggeringen, Markelfingen, Möggingen, Stahringen and the Sonnenrain elementary school). Montessori lessons have been offered at the Sonnenrain School since 2001 . Since the school year 2011/12 there has also been the Unterseeschule , an independent, multi-year primary school.

The district of Konstanz is responsible for the vocational evening high school in Radolfzell, the Mettnau school and the vocational school center in Radolfzell. The Mettnau School is a school with vocational grammar schools (agricultural science grammar school, biotechnological grammar school, socio-educational grammar school), vocational colleges and technical schools . The Radolfzell Vocational School Center comprises industrial, commercial and domestic and agricultural departments as well as the design and creation department. In addition to the various vocational schools, there are vocational schools , vocational colleges, a vocational preparation year and master classes, training as a technical assistant in the trade (MIH), technical college entrance qualification in connection with vocational training .

In addition, Carl Duisberg Centren , a service company in the field of international education and training with branches in seven German cities, is also represented in Radolfzell.

Culture and sights

In Radolfzell, Lake Constance is spoken as a dialect.


The Radolfzell City Museum in the old city pharmacy was reopened on July 15, 2006 after extensive renovation and redesign. A treasure of the old pharmacy, the obtained Offizin from the Biedermeier period, which is supplemented by another pharmacy premises as the laboratory and the herb chamber. "Building windows" set up during the renovation bring the history of the house to life since it was built as a pharmacy in 1688/1689. The three-storey, broad building under a high half-hipped roof with two-storey corner bay windows was redesigned in a late Classicist-Biedermeier style in 1834. The inventory includes a collection of paintings and drawings by the painter Carl Spitzweg . The city's history is made clear in individual stations: Cella Ratoldi , market in Radolfzell , Radolfzell at the train station , Made in Radolfzell , Radolfzell on Lake Constance and Radolfzell yesterday . In 2010, for example, changing special exhibitions and a museum-educational offer were dedicated to the topic of “Triumphal procession, pompous vessel and chatting”. The exhibition shed light on the art and cultural history of the 19th century.


Radolfzell around 1900
The upper gate of the old town of Radolfzell

Sacred buildings

The Cathedral of Our Dear Lady is a late Gothic building that probably replaced an older late Romanesque basilica. The oldest wall painting shows a crucifixion scene that was moved by the artist to the area around Radolfzell. Other churches in the city center are the Catholic Church of St. Meinrad from 1957/1959 and the Evangelical Christ Church from 1965/1967.

In the districts there are mostly older Catholic churches, namely in Güttingen ( St. Ulrich , built in 1795, 1884, expanded in 1896), in Markelfingen ( St. Laurentius , built in 1612) and in Möggingen ( St. Gallus built in 1749, tower from 1839). The Church of St. Zeno in Stahringen was built in 1836, the Church of St. Georg in Liggeringen in 1905 in neo-Romanesque style. The parish church of St. Nikolaus in Böhringen has existed since 1728, in 1952 it was expanded and also got a new church tower. The Evangelical Paul Gerhardt Church in Böhringen was built in 1958.

The Mount of Olives at the cathedral shows the mount of Olives scene. The copies of the original figures, the originals are in the minster, have been extensively renovated through donations and now shine again in the original colors. A large individual donation came from the hand of the honorary citizen Werner Messmer .

The Capuchin monastery was built between 1625 and 1627, but was torn down in 1632, but rebuilt in 1659/1660. In 1826 the residential buildings were demolished and the monastery church was converted into a residential building. Today city offices and the world monastery inspired by Hans Küng are housed here.

Secular buildings

  • Today's town hall was built in 1848 in place of the old town hall from 1421 and also served as a district court building and municipal fruit hall.
  • The Austrian castle was built from 1609 began to build, but the construction went as far as to the fact that the building was used until the 18th century as the fruit chute, wine storage and memory. Only then was it completed and was initially the town hall (from 1734) and then a school building. Today the city library is located here.
  • The Old Dompropstei was from 1485 to 1631 a care yard of the Dompropstei Constance and the official seat of the administration.
  • The city garden was opened in 1924. This is the former city moat.
  • The concert sail on the waterfront is a stage canopy built in 1989 for the open-air stage.
  • The Powder Tower and the "Hell Tower" are parts of the former city fortifications.
  • An outstanding building from the 1950s is the old water tower of the dairy plant (today aquaTurm ), which was converted into a design hotel. With a height of 50.50 m, the transformed tower is the second tallest building in the city after the cathedral and the first zero-energy high-rise in the world.
  • The Scheffelschlösschen on the Mettnau was the villa of the poet Joseph Victor von Scheffel . Today it is the seat of the administration of the Mettnau cure.
  • The Villa Bosch was built by the pharmacist Franz Karl Josef Bosch (1809-1881) in the year. 1865 It serves as a municipal gallery and for events such as cabaret, concerts and conferences.
  • The Villa Finckh in Radolfzell is not named after the local poet Ludwig Finckh (1876–1964), but after Wilhelm Finckh (1863–1915). He was the son-in-law of Jacques Schiesser, the founder of the Schiesser company. Wilhelm Finckh began working for Schiesser around 1884 and initially looked after the foreign department. He later married the Schiesser couple's only daughter, Adele. After the company's founder died, Finckh took over his position in the company. The Villa Finckh was built in 1900 by Franz Schmal.

Bird observatory

In 1928 the South German ornithological station was set up in Radolfzell as a private ornithological station, but it had to close again in 1938. After the Second World War, the ornithological station in Rossitten moved to Möggingen moated castle in what is now the Radolfzell district of Möggingen. Since then, the city has again housed an ornithological station, the Radolfzell Vogelwarte .

Regular events


Shirt glonker in Radolfzell on Lake Constance with shirt glonker doll, 2010

The carnival , called Fasnacht or Fasnet there, has a long tradition in Radolfzell and can be traced back to the 16th century. An organized carnival has existed since 1841, whose founding fathers made it their business to pass on the old customs to the next generations. Already at this time there was Narrizella Ratoldi 1841 e. V. a fool's council, the fool's parents, a fool's tree and the “Red Book”, in which the events of Carnival are recorded to this day.

Despite various crises, which often hindered the continuation of the customs, the carnival in Radolfzell has constantly expanded. 1913 a second Narrenzunft was founded even today under the name Frog guild actively takes up the Radolfzeller carnival life influence. The frog guild consists of various guild figures. The guild has three full masks, the frog, the rush bell and the Sibachgeist. The last two figures have wooden masks. The Fanfarenzug (1956) of the frogs and the frog band are responsible for the musical part of the carnival. Other groups are the Froschenholzer, the ladies' guard with young guard, the jester's council and the mosquito catchers. The stork and the 'Narrebolizei' are single figures.

The historical fool's guild Narrizella Ratoldi has also expanded its repertoire of figures considerably since it was founded and today consists of Fool's Parents, Saemaa, Schnitzwiiber, Schulerbuebe, Kappedeschle, Guard, Hansele, Klepperle-Narros, Holzhauer, Narrebolizischt, Fanfarenzug (since 1976), Fool's Music (since 1926) and the Schlegelebeck with its seven hellish devils Asmodeus, Beelzebub, Galan, Geiz, Höllebock, Lumpeseggel and Narrefresser.

In addition to the two large guilds, there are various smaller groups and associations, including the old town witches and the Rebknorre. But also other types of music, such as the Radolfzeller Schnooke Vielharmoniker, the Rebberg Musikanten and the Radolfzeller Laugelefuchser characterize the image of the Radolfzeller Fasnet.

The shirt glonker parade takes place on the evening before the Dunschtig .

Other Events

  • January: Lake Constance wedding fair
  • July: hosts' party
  • September: Old Town Festival
  • October: Culture Night
  • December: Christmas market
  • The former dairy factory is the city's conference and cultural center. It is designed for up to 1650 people and is used for conferences, seminars, trade fairs, exhibitions, fashion shows, balls, theater events, concerts, dance events, musicals and cabaret performances. The building includes several meeting rooms of various sizes.



Radolfzell has a wide range of sports clubs. Summer and winter sports, including football, handball, athletics and gymnastics, skiing, mountaineering, sailing, rowing, canoeing and many more are practiced there. All municipal and district sports facilities are also available to clubs. The sports clubs have come together to form "IG Sport Radolfzell" to represent common interests. The Constance section of the German Alpine Club maintains the Kletterwerk climbing center, which was built in 2005 in the former Radolfzell dairy factory, with around 2,500 m² of climbing walls. The Radolfzell Yacht Club organizes an international German championship every two years.

Cultural associations

The traditional costume group Alt Radolfzell was founded in 1921 by Pastor Hermann Sernatinger based on traditional costumes. The women's costume is characterized by a dress with a shiny apron, a Milanese cloth and a golden wheel hood. The men's costume consists of black breeches, white stockings, a dark roasted skirt and a three-cornered hat as headgear. The traditional costume group appears at the “hosts' festival”.

The German-French Club (DFC) in Radolfzell maintains the French leisure game of pétanque , has a small choir for French songs, offers French courses and travels to France.

The Förderverein Alternative JugendKultur Radolfzell eV runs the youth and culture center s'Bokle , which is now located in the industrial area West after the old building was torn down in 2005. Concerts by smaller artists take place there regularly.


Honorary citizen

The city of Radolfzell and the former municipalities have granted the following people honorary citizenship:

  • 1844: Ignaz Beutter
  • 1867: Robert Gerwig (1820–1885), civil engineer
  • 1876: Joseph Victor von Scheffel (1826–1886)
  • 1880: Arsenius Pfaff (1820–1898)
  • 1906: Monsignor Friedrich Wilhelm Werber (1843–1920)
  • 1922: Karl Wolf (1858–1932), General Director of the Gotthard Allweiler AG pump factory
  • 1926: Malvine Schiesser (1850–1929)
  • 193 ?: Adolf Hitler (revoked after 1945)
  • 193 ?: Robert Wagner (revoked after 1945)
  • 1933: Eugen Speer (1887–1936), NSDAP district leader,
    mayor of Radolfzell (revoked 2010)
  • 1962: August Kratt (1882–1969), businessman and provisional mayor of Radolfzell 1942–1945
  • 1962: Josef Zuber (1897–1969)
  • 1974: Gustav Troll (1895–1979), mayor
  • 1975: Maurice Gouin (1924-2013)
  • 1978: Karl Bücheler (1913–1987)
  • 1997: Werner Messmer (1927–2016), entrepreneur
  • 2005: Bernhard Maurer (1930–2010), minister pastor and canon of honor
  • 2018: Helmut Haselberger (born 1940)
  • 1960: Fritz von Engelberg
  • 1974: Friedrich Kleiner
  • 1970: Wilhelm Baur
  • 1899: Georg Braun
  • 1959: Anton Sälinger
  • 1964, February 15: Dominik Wieland
  • 1932: August Hoffmann
  • 1932: Peter Kaufmann
  • 1969: Gallus Hirling

sons and daughters of the town


  • Peter Berthold (* 1939), ornithologist, head of the Radolfzell ornithological station from 1991 to 2005
  • Hermann Biechele (1918–1999), teacher at the high school in Radolfzell, politician (CDU)
  • Josef "Sepp" Bögle (* 1950), action artist (stone sculptures) and book author
  • Carl Diez (1877–1969), MdR, politician of the CENTER
  • Ludwig Finckh (1876–1964), doctor, writer, NSDAP propagandist, 1938 initiator of the Mettnau nature reserve
  • Kurt Floericke (1869–1934), natural scientist, ornithologist and author of numerous popular scientific presentations. Founder of the South German Ornithological Institute in Radolfzell in 1928.
  • Hermann von Friedingen († 1189), Bishop of Konstanz, lord of Radolfzell
  • Mirko Frýba (1943–2016), psychoanalyst, under the name Bhikkhu Kusalananda Buddhist monk in the Radolfzell World Monastery
  • Kurt Groß (1912–1977), lawyer, SS-Sturmbannführer, management consultant
  • Erich Heckel (1883–1970), expressionist painter and graphic artist
  • Josef Keller (1887–1981), master confectioner, inventor of the " Black Forest cake "
  • Hans Löhrl (1911–2001), ornithologist and behavioral scientist
  • Leonhard Oesterle (1915–2009), concentration camp prisoner and sculptor
  • Stefan Julius Rapp (1880–1938), high school professor in Radolfzell 1919–1938, local history researcher and genealogist
  • Matthias Reim (* 1957), pop and pop singer, has lived in Radolfzell since 2012
  • Joachim Rumohr (1910–1945), SS brigade leader and major general of the Waffen SS
  • Joseph Victor von Scheffel (1826–1886), writer and poet
  • Siegfried Schuster (1936–2018), ornithologist and nature conservationist
  • Josef Seuss (1906–1946), SS-Hauptscharführer and from 1941 commando leader of the Dachau concentration camp external command in Radolfzell
  • Gerhard Thielcke (1931–2007), ornithologist and environmentalist
  • Ulrich Wimmeroth (* 1962), author in the IT sector and freelance journalist
  • Niklas von Wyle (1410–1478), town and council clerk in Radolfzell, writer


  • Kasimir Walchner: Chronicle of the city Ratolphzell. Contribution to the city history of the Middle Ages, the Swabian, Peasant, Narrow Kaldic and Thirty Years War. Edited from handwritten and other reliable sources, including explanations and documents. Freiburg im Breisgau 1837 ( e-copy ).
  • Miracula Sancti Marci / Saint Markus zu Reichenau. In: FJ Mone (Ed.): Sources collection of the Baden regional history. First volume, Macklot, Karlsruhe 1848, pp. 61–67.
  • E. Ginshofer: The millennial celebration of Bishop Radolfs von Verona, founder of the church and city of Radolfszell. In: Freiburg Diocesan Archive, Volume 9 1875, pp. 335 ff. Freidok.uni-freiburg.de
  • Peter P. Albert: History of the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance. Edited by Father Albert on behalf of the community. Moriell, Radolfzell 1896. Digitized
  • City of Radolfzell (Hrsg.): The Radolfzeller market law document from the year 1100: Facsimile printing in the size of the original; Presented to the participants at the 31st annual meeting of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings on August 19 and 20, 1900 in Radolfzell / by the municipality of Radolfzell. Radolfzell 1900.
  • Konrad Beyerle : The Radolfzeller market law from the year 1100 and its significance for the origin of German cities. In: Writings of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings . 30, 1901, pp. 3-21. (Digitized version)
  • Carl Diez : Radolfzell in the past and present . With the use of archivist Peter P. Albert: History of the city of Radolfzell. With special consideration of the development of the city since 1870. With contributions by E. Diez, Markdorf, and Dr. Beyerle, Göttingen. Huggle, Radolfzell 1916.
  • Peter P. Albert: From the history of the city of Radolfzell. Individuals and things. Boltze, Allensbach 1954.
  • Herbert Berner (Ed.); Franz Götz (research assistant): The documents, files, books, plans and collections of the Radolfzell City Archives. (= Inventories of Badischer community archives). Volumes II and III (no more published). Machine trigger. Radolfzell 1956.
  • Herbert Berner: Radolfzell. The gateway to Lake Constance. Image of an old town in an idyllic landscape. Self-published, Radolfzell 1952.
  • Erich Keyser (Ed.): Badisches Städtebuch. (= German city book. Volume 4.2). Stuttgart 1959. (On behalf of the Working Group of the Historical Commissions and with the support of the German Association of Cities, the German Association of Cities and the German Association of Municipalities)
  • Franz Götz: History of the city of Radolfzell. Written and pictorial documents, judgments, data. (= Hegau Library. Volume 12). Radolfzell 1967.
  • Tobias Engelsing : "We are in Germany and not in Russia". An everyday story of the elementary school in the years 1933–1949 using the example of the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance. Libelle / Faude, Lengwil 1987.
  • Franz Götz u. a .: Radolfzell and its districts. Geography, present, history. (= Hegau Library. Volume 59). Stadler, Konstanz 1988, ISBN 3-7977-0185-3 .
  • Franz Götz, Christian Dierks: Radolfzell. Traces of a city's history. (= Hegau Library. Volume 96). City of Radolfzell 1995, ISBN 3-921413-71-0 .
  • 40 years of the Mettnau cure 1958–1998 medical rehabilitation facilities in the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance. Edited by the Radolfzell City Archives. City archive, Radolfzell 1998.
  • Erich Georg Gagesch: Bishop Radolt and the holy landlords of Radolfzell. Kalliope, Singen 1999, ISBN 3-931493-08-3 .
  • Michael Greuter (Ed.): Radolfzell am Bodensee. City with tradition and future. (= Hegau Library. Volume 118). Captions Achim Fenner. Historical texts by Franz Götz. Greuter, Singen 2003, ISBN 3-9806273-4-9 .
  • Radolfzell on Lake Constance. Information for citizens and guests. 11th edition. WEKA-Info, Mering 2004.
  • Achim Fenner: Radolfzell. In: Wolfgang Benz , Barbara Distel (eds.): The place of terror . History of the National Socialist Concentration Camps. Volume 2: Early camp, Dachau, Emsland camp. CH Beck, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-406-52962-3 , pp. 468-469.
  • Markus Wolter: Radolfzell under National Socialism - The Heinrich Koeppen barracks as the location of the Waffen SS. In: Writings of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings. Volume 129, Ostfildern, Thorbecke 2011, pp. 247–286. (Digitized version)
  • Sebastian Hausendorf: "A nasty mismanagement". Radolfzell 1933-1935. Constance, UVK 2012.
  • City of Radolfzell am Bodensee, Department of City History (Hildegard Bibby, Katharina Maier) (Hrsg.): Radolfzell am Bodensee - The Chronicle. Stadler, Konstanz 2017, ISBN 978-3-7977-0723-9 .

See also

Web links

Commons : Radolfzell am Bodensee  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Radolfzell am Bodensee  - sources and full texts
Wiktionary: Radolfzell  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. Jürgen Hald: From the Stone Age to the Alemanni - archaeological finds in Radolfzell and the districts . In: City of Radolfzell am Bodensee, Department of City History (Hrsg.): Radolfzell am Bodensee - The Chronicle . 2017. pp. 12–26.
  3. Reichenau manuscript: Cod. Aug. perg. 84, fol. 138, in the bathroom. Karlsruhe State Library included in Miracula Sancti Marci / Saint Mark in Reichenau. In: FJ Mone (Ed.): Sources collection of the Baden regional history. First volume, Macklot, Karlsruhe 1848, pp. 61–67.
  4. Digitized version of the Freiburg University Library, go to Fig. 168ff.
  5. ^ Eduard Hlawitschka: Ratold, Bishop of Verona and founder of Radolfzell. In: Hegau. 54/55 (1997/98), p. 6.
  6. Miracula Sancti Marci / Saint Mark in Reichenau. In: FJ Mone (Ed.): Sources collection of the Baden regional history. First volume, Macklot, Karlsruhe 1848, p. 63 .; Translation by P. Albert, in: History of the City of Radolfzell. 1896, p. 22.
  7. ^ History of the Radolfzell Collegiate Foundation of Our Dear Lady
  8. ^ Konrad Beyerle: The Radolfzeller market law from the year 1100 and its significance for the origin of the German cities. In: Writings of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings. 30, 1901, pp. 3-21.
  9. ^ City of Radolfzell (ed.): The Radolfzeller market law document from the year 1100: facsimile print in the size of the original; Presented to the participants at the 31st annual meeting of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings on August 19 and 20, 1900 in Radolfzell / by the municipality of Radolfzell. Radolfzell 1900.
  10. ^ Franz Pfeiffer (Ed.): The Habsburg-Oesterreichische Urbarbuch. Radolfzell in the Habsburg land register, Aach; Digitized version of the first complete edition from 1850.
  11. Richard van de Sandt: The southern Black Forest and its neighboring landscapes. Traveler's Notes. P. 114 ff.
  12. See Sebastian Hausendorf: "An evil mismanagement". Radolfzell 1933-1935. Konstanz, UVK 2012; also: Tobias Engelsing: "We are in Germany and not in Russia". An everyday story of the elementary school in the years 1933–1949 using the example of the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance. Libelle / Faude, Lengwil 1987.
  13. According to the mayor Otto Blesch , around 30,000 people attended the nightly meeting opened by NSDAP district leader and later NS mayor Eugen Speer . Before Hitler's 30-minute speech (beginning after 11:55 p.m.) the founder of the NSEAP, Theodor Fischer, and the Munich city councilor Hermann Esser spoke. The machine transcription of a shorthand transcription of the speech (Federal Archives, NS 26/52) is printed in: Klaus A. Lankheit (Ed.): Hitler. Speeches, writings, orders. February 1925 to January 1933. Volume V, Part 1: April 1932 - September 1932. Munich 1996, pp. 282-288.
  14. ^ Franz Götz: History of the city of Radolfzell. Written and pictorial documents, judgments, data (=  Hegau Library, Volume 12). Radolfzell 1967, p. 270 f.
  15. See Markus Wolter: Die SS-Garrison Radolfzell 1937–1945. In: City of Radolfzell am Bodensee, Department of City History (Hrsg.): Radolfzell am Bodensee - The Chronicle. Stadler, Konstanz 2017, ISBN 978-3-7977-0723-9 , pp. 268-303; see. also: Markus Wolter: Radolfzell in National Socialism - The Heinrich Koeppen barracks as the location of the Waffen SS. In: Writings of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings. Volume 129, Thorbecke, Ostfildern 2011, pp. 247–286.
  16. Cf. on this complex the extensive archive material in the Federal Archives, Freiburg Military Archives, inventory group N 756 / 330b and inventory group RS 5, SS-Unterführerschule Radolfzell 1941–1944 and in the Federal Archives, Berlin-Lichterfelde inventory group NS 19/3512: Establishment of an SS-Unterführerschule in Radolfzell, Jan. 1941 .
  17. See Martin Weinmann (Ed.): The National Socialist Camp System. Frankfurt am Main 1990, p. 554.
  18. See also the report on a lecture given by the Radolfzell city archivist Achim Fenner on April 16, 2008 on the topic: The former SS barracks in Radolfzell and the Dachau subcamp.
  19. ^ Achim Fenner: Radolfzell. In: Wolfgang Benz, Barbara Distel: The Place of Terror. History of the National Socialist Concentration Camps. Volume 2: Early camps: Dachau, Emslandlager . Beck, Munich 2005, p. 468 f.
  20. See Markus Wolter: Radolfzell in National Socialism. The Heinrich Koeppen barracks as the location of the Waffen SS. Ostfildern 2011, extended special edition 2012, p. 42 f .; Markus Wolter: The SS Garrison Radolfzell 1937–1945. In: City of Radolfzell am Bodensee, Department of City History (Hrsg.): Radolfzell am Bodensee - The Chronicle. Stadler, Konstanz 2017, ISBN 978-3-7977-0723-9 , p. 293 f.
  21. See wiki page on the Nazi history of Radolfzell: Politics of street names .
  22. Expert reports news on SS violence. VHS lecture by city archivist Achim Fenner on October 28, 2010. In: Südkurier. November 3, 2010.
  23. State Center for Political Education Baden-Württemberg, List of Memorials in Baden-Württemberg
  24. Documentation of the initiative "Stolpersteine ​​in Radolfzell"
  25. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 519 .
  26. Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office: Result of the 2019 municipal council elections - City of Radolfzell am Bodensee , accessed on April 4, 2020
  27. Überlingen am Ried , accessed on December 29, 2016.
  28. ^ Böhringen [old community / suburb]
  29. Klemens Stadler: German coat of arms. Volume VIII: Baden-Württemberg. With drawings by Max Reinhart. Angelsachsen-Verlag Bremen, 1971, p. 86.
  30. Departure plan from Radolfzell station
  31. Barbara Waldvogel: "Open Monument Day". Where the wheel of time turns. In: Schwäbische Zeitung. September 10, 2010.
  32. Radolfzell Innovation and Technology Center (RIZ)
  33. Elementary, secondary and special schools in Radolfzell
  34. ^ Secondary schools in Radolfzell
  35. a b Radolfzell Vocational School Center
  36. ^ School profile of the Friedrich-Hecker-Gymnasium
  37. ^ Montessori lessons in class 1c at the Sonnenrain School
  38. www.unterseeschule.de
  39. ^ School types of the Mettnau School
  40. ^ Carl Duisberg Center Radolfzell
  41. City Museum Radolfzell. In: Bodensee Ferienzeitung. Edition 2/2009. Südkurier Medienhaus, Konstanz 2009, p. 17.
  42. Eckart Roloff , Karin Henke-Wendt: An old pharmacist's house with a colorful program. (Old city pharmacy, Radolfzell on Lake Constance). In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 2: Southern Germany. Verlag S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-7776-2511-9 , pp. 66-68.
  43. City Museum Radolfzell. In: Bodensee Ferienzeitung. Edition autumn 2010. Südkurier Medienhaus, Konstanz 2010, p. 64.
  44. Andreas Gabelmann: Wunderkammer der Künste. In: Südkurier. May 27, 2010.
  45. Historical city tour ›The Minster of Our Lady , City of Radolfzell; Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  46. Historical city tour ›Ölberg , Stadt Radolfzell; Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  47. Historical city tour ›Das Rathaus , Stadt Radolfzell; Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  48. Historical city tour ›Austrian Castle , City of Radolfzell; Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  49. ^ Historical city tour ›Alte Domprobstei , Stadt Radolfzell; Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  50. Claudia Wagner (cla): Villa Finck: not named buildings after Ludwig Finck. In: Südkurier. October 20, 2010.
  51. ^ Shirt bell parade in Radolfzell
  52. Roland Dost: For friendship and reconciliation. In: Südkurier. 2nd October 2013.
  53. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n honorary citizen of the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance on radolfzell.de; accessed on February 7, 2018.
  54. a b c Torsten Lucht / tol: Withdrawal of honorary citizenship . In: Südkurier. December 16, 2010.
  55. Jürgen Klöckler: A power-hungry choleric . In: Südkurier. November 20, 2008.
  56. Heimat-Chronik . In: Hegau - magazine for history, folklore and natural history of the area between the Rhine, Danube and Lake Constance. Issue 2 (18) 1964, p. 414.


  1. A picture of how it used to be can be found here