Archdiocese of Freiburg
|Archdiocese of Freiburg|
|Diocesan bishop||Stephan Burger|
|Emeritus diocesan bishop||Robert Zollitsch|
|Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus||
|Vicar General||Axel Mehlmann|
|Vicariates||7 (December 31, 2016 / AP2017 )|
|Dean's offices||26 (January 1, 2008)|
|Parishes||1,053 (December 31, 2018)|
|Residents||4,782,400 (December 31, 2018)|
|Catholics||1,827,146 (December 31, 2018)|
|Diocesan priest||774 (December 31, 2018)|
|Religious priest||195 (December 31, 2018)|
|Catholics per priest||1,886|
|Permanent deacons||275 (December 31, 2018)|
|Friars||239 (December 31, 2018)|
|Religious sisters||1,173 (December 31, 2018)|
|Liturgical language||Latin , German|
79098 Freiburg im Breisgau
The Archdiocese of Freiburg ( Latin Archidioecesis Friburgensis ) is an archdiocese in Baden-Württemberg and comprises the areas of the former state of Baden and the Hohenzollern Lands (when it was founded: the Grand Duchy of Baden and the principalities of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen ). The Archbishopric of Freiburg is headed by an archbishop who is also Metropolitan of the Upper Rhine Church Province with the two suffragan dioceses Mainz and Rottenburg-Stuttgart . On May 30, 2014 Stephan Burger was appointed Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Freiburg. The consecration took place on June 29, 2014 in Freiburg Cathedral . With 1,827,146 Catholics (as of December 31, 2018) in the diocesan area, the Archdiocese of Freiburg is the third largest diocese in Germany (behind the Archdiocese of Cologne and the Diocese of Münster ).
The Church on the territory of the Archdiocese before its foundation
The first Christian messengers of faith in the area of the archdiocese were the monks Fridolin , Landolin , Trudpert and Gallus in the 6th century . The monasteries in Säckingen on the Upper Rhine and in Schutter in the Ortenau are considered to be the first places of faith. The monastery founded around 724 on the Reichenau island in Lake Constance is also one of the oldest in the archbishopric. In order to evangelize the Alemanni, the diocese of Konstanz was founded as early as the 6th century, stretching from the St. Gotthard to the central Neckar and from the Rhine to the Iller. The "Alemannic Bishop" Konrad worked here from 934 to 975. A radical reform in monastic life resulted in the monastery of St. Peter in the Black Forest in the 11th century. Today the archdiocese's spiritual center is located there. During the second reform movement in the 12th century, further monasteries were established in Salem on Lake Constance, in Tennenbach and in Lichtenthal near Baden-Baden. In order to clarify the controversial question of the rightful Pope, Emperor Sigismund invited from 1414 to 1418 to the council of the then bishopric of Constance in their cathedral. The Reformation also left its mark on the Archdiocese of Freiburg. The Margrave of Baden-Durlach and the Heidelberg Elector Palatinate were two of the most famous regents who allowed the Reformation in their areas. Soon afterwards, however, a counter-reform set in, which was particularly promoted by the Jesuits and Capuchins. The “ Jesuit Church ” in Mannheim is a lasting testimony to this counter-reform . In 1803, southwest Germany was reorganized and the diocese of Constance was dissolved. In 1821, after tough negotiations, the " Upper Rhine Province " was founded, which consisted of the diocese of Constance and parts of the dioceses of Mainz , Strasbourg , Worms , Speyer and Würzburg ( Circumcription Bull Provida solersque ).
From the foundation to the Second World War
The actual establishment of the Archdiocese of Freiburg did not take place until 1827 after renewed, tough negotiations. The Freiburg Minster, which until then was a simple parish church, was elevated to a Metropolitan Church. The choice of the bishop turned out to be difficult, however, as the first candidate Ignaz Heinrich von Wessenberg was rejected as a candidate by the Pope and his successor, Ferdinand Geminian Wanker , died during the negotiations.
In 1827, the previous Freiburg minster pastor Bernhard Boll , who had previously been ordained bishop in the Freiburg University Church, took possession of the Freiburg minster and became the first archbishop of Freiburg. The dioceses of Mainz, Fulda, Rottenburg and Limburg were assigned to the new archbishopric as suffragan dioceses. In the course of the Prussian Concordat of 1929, the Diocese of Limburg was assigned to the Church Province of Cologne and the Diocese of Fulda to the Church Province of Paderborn.
As a result of the death of Archbishop Boll on March 16, 1836, after a nine-month vacancy, Ignaz Demeter became the second Archbishop of Freiburg on January 29, 1837. During Demeter's term of office there were mainly disputes with the Grand Duchy of Baden and quarrels within the Freiburg diocesan clergy. Demeter died after five years in office on March 21, 1842. On March 26, 1843, the former Freiburg auxiliary bishop Hermann von Vicari became the third archbishop of Freiburg. During his term of office, the events of the Baden Revolution and other canon law conflicts with the Grand Duchy of Baden were recorded. At the age of 94, Vicari died in office on April 14, 1868. As a result of the Baden Kulturkampf , the chair of the Archbishop of Freiburg remained vacant until 1882. During this time (1868–1881) Lothar von Kübel was archbishopric administrator.
The relationship between the diocese and the state as well as the occupation of the bishopric and the composition of the cathedral chapter were regulated in the Baden Concordat of 1932, which is still valid today.
During the twelve years of National Socialist rule, many clergymen of the Archdiocese of Freiburg were imprisoned. Some of them were brought to the " priestly block " of the Dachau concentration camp . Some were transferred to other camps or "evacuated", only a few released, and some died in the camp.
From the post-war period to the turn of the millennium
After the Second World War , a memorial plaque was erected in the pilgrimage church of Maria Lindenberg for all priests from the Archdiocese of Freiburg who were murdered by the National Socialists . This was added in 1978 after the pilgrimage chapel was renovated .
The Archdiocese in the 21st Century
On November 1, 2005, Archbishop Robert Zollitsch put “Pastoral Guidelines” into effect for the first time in the history of the Archdiocese. They are under the title: "Shaping the departure" .
At the end of 2010, the Archdiocese's art prize was announced for the second time . The award ceremony in 2015 was titled “Grace”. The Viennese born in Heidelberg Barbis Ruder won it.
On the occasion of the Apostolic Journey from September 22 to 25, 2011, Pope Benedict XVI. the Archdiocese of Freiburg is the first Pope to pay a visit. His visit was under the motto "Where God is, there is future" and was intended to encourage the Catholic Church in Germany in many ways.
In 2012 tens of thousands of people in Mannheim came to Mannheim for the 98th German Catholic Day. It was under the motto "Dare a new departure"
A profanation of church buildings is, apart from St. Elisabeth (Freiburg im Breisgau) and the sale of the castle church in Beuggen to the Evangelical Church in Baden , not to be observed in today's Archdiocese of Freiburg. The same applies to the merging of parishes, which was aimed for in 2015. The concept of pastoral care units has so far applied to the Archdiocese of Freiburg .
In 2015, the 1053 parishes merged into 224 pastoral care units in order to simplify administrative processes.
In 2019, Archbishop Stephan Burger initiated the Church Development 2030 project, at the end of which the previous pastoral care units are to be merged into 40 parishes.
- Virgin Mary , Patroness of the Archdiocese
- Saint Konrad , Bishop of Constance, second patron of the archdiocese
- Blessed Bernhard von Baden , venerated as a patron saint
- Saint Fidelis , patron saint of Hohenzollern
In the Archdiocese of Freiburg, the regional calendar for the German-speaking area is supplemented by the following celebrations (followed by the rank):
H = high festival, F = festival, G = required day of remembrance, g = not required day of remembrance
- Johannes Nepomuk Neumann (died 1860), bishop and messenger of faith - g January 5th: St.
- Ulrika Franziska Nisch von Hegne (died 1913), virgin - g May 8: Bl.
- June 26th: St. Heimerad von Meßkirch (died 1019), priest, hermit in Hasungen - g
- July 15: Bl. Bernhard, Margrave of Baden (died 1458) - in Baden F, in Hohenzollern g
- August 12th: Bl. Karl Leisner (d. 1945), priest, martyr - g
- August 27th: St. Irmgard (died 995), Bishop of Constance - g - white
- September 28: St. Lioba (died around 782), abbess of Tauberbischofsheim - g
- November 16: St. Otmar (died 759), Abbot of St. Gallen - g
- November 26th: St. Konrad (died 975), Bishop of Konstanz - F (since 2011)
Diocesan offices and deaneries
The Archdiocese of Freiburg is divided into seven diocesan offices or regions, which in turn have been divided into 26 deaneries with 327 pastoral care units since the reform of the deanery on January 1, 2008 . The number of pastoral care units decreased from 327 to 224 as of January 1, 2015. 80 new pastoral care units were created from 183 previous pastoral care units, 144 remained geographically unchanged. The legal structure of the pastoral care units as public corporations also changed in 2015. Since then, all parishes of a pastoral care unit have been acting legally together and have joint asset management. In addition, the parishes continue to exist as independent units of church law. On September 1, 2015, the previous regional offices were converted into diocesan offices. Within the 224 pastoral care units there are 1,069 parishes with around 1,953,000 believers (as of January 1, 2015):
||Dean's office||Dean's office number||Number of pastoral care units||Number of parishes||Number of believers (dean's office)
|Number of believers (region)
|Odenwald / Tauber||Deanery Tauberbischofsheim||22nd||10||61||55,000||138,000|
|Rhine / Neckar||Deanery Heidelberg-Weinheim||08||6th||26th||80,000||325,000|
|Kraichgau dean's office||11||5||21st||50,000|
Deanery Mannheim (City Deanery
|Middle Upper Rhine / Pforzheim||Deanery Bruchsal||04||13||49||124,000||550,000|
Deanery Karlsruhe (City Deanery
|Ortenau||Offenburg-Kinzigtal dean's office||17th||12||56||120,000||227,000|
|Breisgau / Black Forest / Baar||
Deanery Freiburg (City Deanery
|Upper Rhine||Deanery Waldshut||23||14th||66||92,000||156,000|
|Lake Constance / Hohenzollern||Deanery Hegau||07||10||52||68,000||284,000|
Demographic and socio-spatial structure
In the large cities of Freiburg, Karlsruhe and Mannheim, Archbishop Thomas Nörber established three independent city deans on January 23, 1902 as part of a reorganization of the archbishopric's deaneries. In this way, the pastoral mission in the then rapidly growing urban living spaces should remain feasible. The city dean's offices and the general parishes of the large cities each represent two institutions within the respective dean's office that help shape and shape church life. In addition to overlapping content, there are also differences in the orientation in the pastoral and administrative priorities.
As a result of the reorganization of the deaneries on January 1, 2008, their number was reduced from 39 to 26.
The number of believers developed over the years as follows: 2007 - 2,047,919 Catholics, 2008 - 2,023,022, 2015 - 1,897,555 and 2018 - 1,827,146.
- Freiburg Minster
- The mostly Gothic and late Gothic church is the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Freiburg, but is traditionally referred to as the minster. The tower of the Freiburg Minster is popularly known as the most beautiful tower in Christendom.
- Constance Minster
- The Konstanz Minster, which also bears the honorary title of Basilica minor, is considered one of the largest Romanesque churches in southwest Germany. Until the abolition of the diocese of Constance in 1821, it served as the cathedral of the bishops of Constance and as a meeting room for the Council of Constance.
- Überlingen Minster
- The Überlinger Münster is the parish church of the community of Überlingen on Lake Constance and St. Nicholas, patron saint of sailors, merchants, pilgrims and travelers. It was built in the late Gothic period and houses a carved altar by the artist Jörg Zürn.
- Radolfzell Minster
- The Radolfzeller Münster is a late Gothic pillar basilica, which has the highest church tower on Lake Constance with a church tower 82 meters high. It also houses the relics of the holy landlords Theopont, Senesius and Zeno.
- St. Blasien Cathedral
- The St. Blasiens Cathedral or, more popularly, "Black Forest Cathedral" is one of the largest domed churches in Europe. Its dome was designed on the model of the Roman pantheon.
- Parish Church of St. Stephan Karlsruhe
- The classicistic parish church of St. Stephan is also based on the model of the Roman pantheon of Grand Duke Karl Friedrich von Baden and the architect Friedrich Weinbrenner. Completely burned out in the Second World War, it was reopened in 1951 after a renovation.
- Jesuit Church (Mannheim)
- The Jesuit Church Mannheim is the city parish church of Mannheim, which was built by the Jesuits. Their patron saints are consecrated to St. Ignatus and Franz Xavier, the two great saints of the Jesuit order
The Archdiocese of Freiburg brings together 18 high schools, six secondary schools, one elementary school, one vocational college and two boarding schools under the umbrella of the School Foundation of the Archdiocese of Freiburg .
In Freiburg, the archdiocese maintains a seminary , the Collegium Borromaeum (CB), in which the candidates for priesthood live during their entire formation. The CB is in the immediate vicinity of the Freiburg Cathedral and the Archbishop's Ordinariate . The pastoral training following the course has so far taken place in the seminary in St. Peter . Since it was merged with St. Peter in 2006, the Collegium Borromaeum is now a full seminar.
In the Archdiocese of Freiburg there are several educational establishments with different profiles, most of which offer their own program, for example one-day and multi-day seminars for youth and adult education, (religious) teacher training courses, conferences, days of reflection and retreats as well as free time. In addition, some houses can also be occupied by groups who create their own program.
The Archdiocese of Freiburg maintains the following retreat, conference and education centers:
- Lichtenthal Abbey - guest house with course program
- Education center in the St. Trudpert Monastery
- Bildungshaus Kloster St. Ulrich
- Neckarelz education center
- St. Bernhard Education Center , Rastatt
- Bildungshaus St. Luzen, Hechingen
- Educational centers of the Archdiocese Educational Organization
- Archabbey of Beuron - retreat and conference center
- Family vacation homes
- St. Peter's Spiritual Center
- Feldberg-Falkau house
- House Hochfelden
- House Reichenau Island
- House La Verna (FWE Spoleto)
- House Maria Lindenberg , St. Peter in the Black Forest
- Institute for Pastoral Education
- St. Barbara youth center, Buchenbach
- Catholic Academy Freiburg
- Hegne Monastery - St. Elisabeth's House
- Margarete Ruckmich House, Freiburg
- Schoenstatt Center Oberkirch Marienfried
- St. Fidelis - House of Encounters in Zell am Harmersbach
- Neuburg Abbey
In 2017, an audit by the Deutsche Rentenversicherung uncovered the largest case of financial irregularities in the history of the Catholic Church in Germany. For many years the diocese clearing offices did not properly pay the pension insurance contributions of marginally employed persons . The diocese then set up provisions of 160 million euros as a precautionary measure for expected additional claims and late payment surcharges , set up a working group to clarify the situation with the assistance of external auditors and transferred the diocesan economist to another post.
- Archbishop's Ordinariate Freiburg i. Br. (Ed.): Realschematismus of the Archdiocese of Freiburg . Karlsruhe 2001
- Christoph Schmider : The Freiburg bishops: 175 years of the Archdiocese of Freiburg. A story in pictures of life. Freiburg i. Br .: Herder Verlag, 2002. ISBN 3-451-27847-2 .
- Heribert Smolinsky (Ed.): History of the Archdiocese of Freiburg. Volume 1. From the foundation to 1918. Herder Verlag, Freiburg i. Br. 2008. ISBN 978-3-451-28619-3
- Richard paid (ed.): The murdered. The memorial plaque of the Archdiocese of Freiburg for the persecuted priests (1933 to 1945) in Maria Lindenberg, near St. Peter, Black Forest . Dold-Verlag, Vöhrenbach 1998. ISBN 3-927677-18-3 .
- Freiburg Diocesan Archives . Journal of the Church History Association for History, Christian Art, Antiquity and Literature of the Archdiocese of Freiburg with consideration of the neighboring dioceses , since 1865 ( table of contents and proof of digital copies at Wikisource )
- Catholic Church in Germany. (PDF: 1,041 kB) Statistical data 2018. Secretariat of the German Bishops' Conference, July 19, 2019, p. 3 , accessed on July 19, 2019 .
- Stephan Burger becomes the new Archbishop of Freiburg. May 30, 2014, accessed September 13, 2019 .
- Stephan Burger becomes the new Archbishop ( Memento from June 2, 2014 in the web archive archive.today )
- German Bishops' Conference: Catholic Church in Germany - Facts and Figures 2015/2016. Bonn, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2017 .
- Franz Heinrich Reusch : Wanker, Ferdinand Geminian . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 41, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1896, p. 157 f.
- Heinrich Heil: The police stick in the sanctuary of the church. A look at church politics 100 years ago with special consideration of the situation in West Germany and in the area of the Upper Rhine church province . Carolus-Druckerei, Frankfurt am Main 1921. In it above all: Third section: The struggle with the state church in south-west Germany . Chapter 6: Rape of the rights of the Upper Rhine bishops . P. 63ff.
- Heinrich Heil: The police stick in the sanctuary of the church . Carolus-Druckerei, Frankfurt am Main 1921. In it above all: Third section: The struggle with the state church in south-west Germany . Chapter 11: Violation of the rights of the Upper Rhine bishops . P. 87ff.
- from: Stanislav Zámečník: (Ed. Comité International de Dachau): That was Dachau. Luxembourg 2002.
- Richard Paid: The Murdered. The memorial plaque of the Archdiocese of Freiburg for the persecuted priests (1933 to 1945) in Maria Lindenberg, near St. Peter / Black Forest . Dold-Verlag, Vöhrenbach 1998. ISBN 3-927677-18-3 .
- Diocesan guidelines
- Art Prize for Mira Bergmüller: What is sacred? ( Memento from February 21, 2019 in the web archive archive.today )
- GNADE - ART PRIZE OF THE ARCHDIOCESE FREIBURG 2015 ( Memento from August 11, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- One year after the visit of Pope Benedict XVI. ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Archdiocese of Freiburg: Regions, pastoral care units and parishes in the Archdiocese of Freiburg . Online at www.erzbistum-freiburg.de. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
- Website of the Archdiocese of Freiburg on the reform of the deanery ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Archdiocese of Freiburg: Around 1.7 million Catholics have a choice ( Memento from April 14, 2016 in the web archive archive.today ). Online at www.erzbistum-freiburg.de. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
- Archbishopric Freiburg: Archbishop's Pastoral Office, Dept. V Diocesan offices and pastoral development, diocesan offices. Previous regional offices become diocesan offices . (PDF; 364.6 kB). Online at www.esa-dioezesanstelle.de. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Sources: catholic-hierarchy.org, pfarrei-deutschland.de and erzbistum-freiburg.de
- Catholic Church Freiburg: We about us . Online at www.katholische-kirche-freiburg.de. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
- Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office: Population by religious affiliation and church conditions. Church conditions in Baden-Württemberg 2007 ( Memento from 23 August 2016 in the Internet Archive ). Online at www.statistik-bw.de. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- Archdiocese of Freiburg: Bildungshäuser . Online at www.erzbistum-freiburg.de. Retrieved August 6, 2016.