Sacred language

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Sacred or liturgical languages (from Greek: λειτουργια leitourgia "public service" from leitos "public" by λαος / laos people; and εργον / érgon work, service) are languages ​​used in worship of the various religions (see also: liturgy ). These languages ​​play an important historical role for the respective religious community , retain an independent continuity with the religious tradition associated with them and gradually separate themselves from everyday language . A widely used liturgical language is Latin in the Roman Catholic Church .

Liturgical languages ​​in Christianity

In addition to the respective vernacular languages, older Christian churches continue to use liturgical languages.

Other sacred and liturgical languages


  • Sumerian : since 1700 BC No longer spoken, but continued into the 1st millennium BC Cult and literary language between the Euphrates and Tigris
  • Hattisch the Hattier subjugated by the Hittites as a cult language in the Hittite empire
  • Old Latin of the Salian priesthood in Rome from early Republican times at the latest
  • Etruscan : Superseded by Latin as the language of use around the year 0, but continued to exist in the cult of the Haruspices into the 5th century









See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Church language  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: Sacred language  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Uwe Friedrich Schmidt: Praeromanica the Italoromania based on the LEI (A and B). Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2009, ISBN 978-3-631-58770-6 , p. 9.