Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart

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Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart
Map of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart
Basic data
Country Germany
Ecclesiastical province Freiburg
Metropolitan bishopric Archdiocese of Freiburg
Diocesan bishop Gebhard Fürst
Auxiliary bishop Thomas Maria Renz
Matthäus Karrer
Gerhard Schneider
Emeritus diocesan bishop Walter Kasper
Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus Franz Josef Kuhnle
Johannes Kreidler
Vicar General Clemens Stroppel
Episcopal Vicar Uwe Scharfenecker (training)
Matthäus Karrer (pastoral conception)
Thomas Maria Renz (medal)
founding August 16, 1821
surface 19,514 km²
Dean's offices 25 (December 31, 2014)
Parishes 1,025 (December 31, 2018)
Residents 5,149,510 (December 31, 2018)
Catholics 1,816,083 (December 31, 2018)
proportion of 35.3%
Diocesan priest 795 (December 31, 2018)
Religious priest 191 (December 31, 2018)
Catholics per priest 1,842
Permanent deacons 285 (December 31, 2018)
Friars 235 (December 31, 2018)
Religious sisters 1,703 (December 31, 2018)
rite Roman rite
Liturgical language German
cathedral St. Martin Cathedral
Co-cathedral St. Eberhard Cathedral (Stuttgart)
address Eugen-Bolz-Platz 1
72108 Rottenburg am Neckar
Website www.drs.de
Ecclesiastical province
Map of the ecclesiastical province of Freiburg

The diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart ( Latin Dioecesis Rottenburgensis-Stutgardiensis ) is a diocese in the Württemberg part of the state of Baden-Württemberg .


The Rottenburg diocese was founded in 1821 by the papal circumscription bulls De salute animarum and Provida solersque as the Catholic regional church of the Kingdom of Württemberg . This became necessary after the incorporation of entire Catholic regions into the former Duchy of Württemberg . With the enthronement of the first bishop, Johann Baptist von Keller , on May 20, 1828, the establishment of the diocese was completed. The number of Catholics increased enormously after the Second World War due to the expellees.
In 1978, under Bishop Georg Moser , St. Eberhard in Stuttgart was raised to the status of co-cathedral of the diocese, and the name of the diocese has since been Diocese Rottenburg-Stuttgart .

Organization of the diocese

The Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese is a suffragan diocese of Freiburg and is divided into 25 deaneries (April 6, 2008) and 1,039 parishes (January 1, 2006). On January 1, 2008, a restructuring process was ended in which the dean's office boundaries were adjusted to those of the districts. To this day, however, the diocese reflects the boundaries of the former state of Württemberg with its territory .

Dean's offices

The deanery as the "middle level" between the diocese and parishes has three tasks. On the one hand, it supports the parishes of the deanery in their pastoral mandate, represents the Catholic Church in regional issues of society and culture and communicates the concerns of the bishop. There are the following deaneries in the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart, which in turn are divided into pastoral care units and communities:


According to Article 14 of the Reich Concordat of 1933, which is still in force today, the appointment of the bishop's chair and the composition of the cathedral chapter are based on the regulations of the Baden Concordat of 1932.

Church institutions

Youth facilities

The diocese maintains a wide variety of facilities for the entertainment and promotion of youth work. Most of the institutions are based in Wernau , for example:

  • the Episcopal Youth Welfare Office . This office set up by the bishop has the task of supporting, promoting and accompanying youth work on the basis of the statements of the Joint Synod of the German Dioceses in Würzburg 1975 and the Rottenburg Diocesan Synod 1985/86.
  • the BDKJ Diocesan Association . The BDKJ Diocesan Association is an amalgamation of seven Catholic youth associations at the diocesan level. The tasks of the association are youth policy, church policy, public relations and the safeguarding of the financial framework for all member associations. In addition, the BDKJ maintains the youth departments in the deaneries and deanery districts.
  • the youth foundation just , whose task it is to financially support projects and initiatives of church-committed youth.
  • the specialist office for acolytes . This is a specialist office of the diocese that links the individual altar servers at the diocesan and deanery level, organizes events, leisure time and further training courses and issues working aids.

Foundation forum in the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart

The Foundation Forum in the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart is an amalgamation of 41 church foundations, associations, religious orders and institutions in a non-profit GmbH , which aims to provide information about the church's foundation and non-profit system and to establish a foundation to support church issues to advise. The forum conducts public relations work to promote the donor idea in the church and society and offers the possibility of exchange and networking between donors, church foundations and institutions.

Educational institutions

The Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese has four boarding schools and more than 90 schools.


In Tübingen, the diocese maintains a theological convict , the Wilhelmsstift , in which the candidates for priesthood live during their theology studies at the Eberhard Karls University . The Wilhelmsstift is in close proximity to the St. Johanneskirche and the Theologicum . High school graduates who do not have the knowledge of Hebrew, Ancient Greek and Latin required for their studies complete two language semesters in the Ambrosianum beforehand . The pastoral training following the course takes place in the seminary in Rottenburg am Neckar .

Catholic administrative centers

The Catholic administrative centers were set up in the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese in order to organize the church administration more compactly. The Catholic administrative centers were formed by merging the tasks of general church administration and actuaries.

Thus, a Catholic administrative center takes on both the task of technical advice and support for all parishes in a deanery (previously the task of the actuary ) and the complete administration of an overall parish.

In the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart, the following Catholic administrative centers have so far been established:

  • Aalen Catholic administrative center
  • Catholic administrative center Albstadt
  • Catholic administrative center Bad Mergentheim
  • Catholic administrative center Biberach
  • Catholic administrative center Böblingen
  • Catholic administrative center Ehingen
  • Catholic administrative center Ellwangen
  • Catholic administrative center Esslingen
  • Catholic administrative center in Friedrichshafen
  • Catholic administrative center Göppingen-Geislingen
  • Catholic administrative center Heilbronn
  • Catholic administrative center Heidenheim
  • Catholic administrative center Hohenlohe (seat: Schwäbisch Hall)
  • Catholic administrative center Allgäu-Oberschwaben (seat: Kißlegg)
  • Catholic administrative center Rems-Murr (seat: Waiblingen)
  • Catholic administrative center in Reutlingen
  • Catholic administrative center Riedlingen
  • Catholic administrative center Rottweil
  • Catholic administrative center Schwäbisch Gmünd
  • Catholic administrative center Stuttgart
  • Catholic administrative center Tübingen
  • Catholic administrative center Tuttlingen
  • Catholic administrative center Ulm

Diocesan Archives

The diocesan archive is located in the Episcopal Ordinariate in Rottenburg am Neckar and is responsible for the diocese founded in 1821. In addition, it keeps documents relating to the area from the time before the foundation of the diocese, as well as archives of the deanery and parish. In addition, are church records of about 260 parishes, as well as archives stored individual ecclesiastical institutions and bodies in Rottenburg. Another task of the diocesan archive is to look after all church archives under the control of the bishop.


Before the founding of the diocese, there were several monasteries of supraregional cultural and political importance in their current territory, including Maulbronn Monastery and the Obermarchtal , Ochsenhausen , Rot an der Rot , Schussenried , Wiblingen and Zwiefalten monasteries , which were dissolved in the course of secularization at the beginning of the 19th century as well as the prince provost of Ellwangen and the Weingarten monastery, which was closed in 2010 .

Active monasteries used by religious orders in the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart include:

Male monasteries


The editorial office of the Catholic Church in Private Broadcasting (KiP) creates television and radio programs on behalf of the diocese , some of which are broadcast by the private broadcasters in the diocese, partly under a third-party license .

Voluntary service

The voluntary service in the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart gGmbH is the Catholic provider for the voluntary social year and the federal voluntary service in the diocese. It is also one of the four sponsors for the Voluntary Ecological Year in Baden-Württemberg. The diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart and the Caritas Association of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart eV are equal partners. The facility is based in Wernau and has regional offices in Ulm, Rottweil and Ravensburg.

Important churches

The most important churches for the diocese include the

as well as the burial place of the bishops, the Sülchenkirche near Rottenburg.

In addition, some other church buildings are particularly important places of faith in the diocese, for example:

Diocesan patron

The patron saint of the diocese is Martin of Tours . In his successor the central tasks of the diocese are charity and mission . The patronage is celebrated as a solemn feast in the whole diocese on the Sunday closest to November 11th, the feast day of Saint Martin .

Diocesan calendar

In the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart, the regional calendar for the German-speaking area is supplemented by the following celebrations (followed by the rank and the liturgical color ).

Abbreviations: H = high festival, F = festival, G = required day of remembrance, g = not required day of remembrance

  • 0January 5: St. Johannes Nepomuk Neumann (died 1860), Bishop of Philadelphia (USA), messenger of faith - g - red
  • January 21st: St. Meinrad von Sülchen (died 861), monk, hermit, martyr - g - red
  • January 23: Bl. Heinrich Seuse - F (RK: g) - white (died 1366), religious priest, mystic - g - white
  • 0May 8: Bl. Ulrika Nisch from Mittelbiberach (died 1913), religious, mystic - g - white
  • 0July 4th: St. Ulrich (died 973), Bishop of Augsburg - g - white
  • 0July 8th: St. Kilian (died around 689), Bishop of Würzburg and companions Kolonat and Totnan , messengers of faith, martyrs - G (in the cathedral: F)
  • July 16: Bl. Irmgard (died 866), abbess of Buchau and Frauenchiemsee - g - white
  • August 27th: St. Gebhard (died 995), Bishop of Constance - g - white
  • 0September 6th: St. Magnus von Füssen (died 756), monk, messenger of faith in the Allgäu - g - white
  • October 11th: Bl. Jakob Griesinger von Ulm (died 1491), friar in Bologna - g - white
  • October 14th: Parish festival of parishes that do not celebrate their church's consecration day on the anniversary itself - H - knows
  • October 16: St. Gallus (died 640), monk, hermit, messenger of faith at Lake Constance - g - white
  • October 19: Anniversary of the consecration of St. Martin's Cathedral in Rottenburg (1655) - F (in the cathedral itself H) - white
  • October 31st: St. Wolfgang von Pfullingen (d. 994), Bishop of Regensburg - g - white
  • 0November 3rd: Bl. Rupert Mayer from Stuttgart (died 1945), religious priest, city pastor - g - red
  • October 11: St. Martinus (d. 397), Bishop of Tours, patron of the Rottenburg Cathedral and the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese - H - white
  • November 25th: Bl. Elisabeth von Reute, called Gute Beth (died 1420), religious, mystic - g - white
  • November 26th: St. Constance (died 975), Bishop of Constance - g - white
  • 0December 4th: Bl. Adolph Kolping - g - white (died 1865), priest, founder and patron of the Kolping Association - g - white
  • December 15, Sel. Carlo Steeb from Tübingen (died 1856), priest. Order founder in Verona - g - white

Orders and decorations

In the diocese, the Martinus Medal is awarded every year on Patronage Day by the bishop , "as a token of thanks and in recognition of special merits in the spirit of the patron saint of the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese, Saint Martin" , as stated in the award document.

Membership development

Membership numbers 1950–2017

The diocese - like the other German dioceses - has been experiencing a decline in membership for several years . The reasons include demographic change and leaving the church . According to Bishop Gebhard Fürst, the abuse scandal "acted like a valve" through which a lot of things that have long been pent up are now pushing out. In the diocese, around 15,500 Catholics left after the abuse scandal.

Of church closures is the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart, in contrast to some other dioceses in Germany, have hardly affected. A new user is being sought for the Church of the Annunciation in the Frauenkopf district of Stuttgart , after it was rented to the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church from 2006 to 2012 .

See also


in order of appearance

  • August Hagen: History of the Diocese of Rottenburg . 3 vol., Stuttgart 1956–1960.
  • History Association of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart (Hrsg.): Rottenburger Yearbook for Church History . ISSN  0722-7531 , Thorbecke, Ostfildern 1982 ff.
  • Heinz Georg Tiefenbacher, Wolfgang Urban (editor): The Catholic Württemberg. The diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart. Times, signs, witnesses . Süddeutsche Verlags-Gesellschaft, Ulm 1988, ISBN 3-88294-129-4 .
  • Werner Gross: For you Bishop - with you Christians. The bishops of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart. 1828-2003 . Ostfildern 2003.
  • Wolfgang Zimmermann, Nicole Priesching (ed.): Württemberg monastery book. Monasteries, monasteries and religious orders from the beginning to the present . Ostfildern 2003.
  • Claus Arnold : Between the center and the periphery - the Rottenburg diocesan identity (1919-1978). In: Rottenburger Jahrbuch für Kirchengeschichte 24 (2005), pp. 35–50.
  • History Association of the Diocese of Rottenberg-Stuttgart, Association for Württemberg Church History (Ed.): Church in the Kingdom of Württemberg 1806–1918 . Stuttgart 2008.
  • Andreas Holzem , Wolfgang Zimmermann (ed.): History of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart . Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Ostfildern 2019, ISBN 978-3-7995-0571-0 .
    • Volume 1: Christianity in the Southwest to 1800. The 19th Century
    • Volume 2: The 20th Century

Web links

Commons : Diocese Rottenburg-Stuttgart  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart: Diocese in numbers. December 31, 2014, accessed July 22, 2016 .
  2. a b Catholic Church in Germany. (PDF: 1,041 kB) Statistical data 2018. Secretariat of the German Bishops' Conference, July 19, 2019, p. 3 , accessed on July 19, 2019 .
  3. AP2019
  4. The episcopal youth welfare office. In: bdkj.info. Retrieved September 13, 2019 .
  5. About us. In: BDKJ diocesan office of the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese. Retrieved September 13, 2019 .
  6. Your donation for the youth. In: just-jugendstiftung.de. Retrieved September 13, 2019 .
  7. About us. In: Altar boys' presentation on bdkj.info. Retrieved September 13, 2019 .
  8. ^ The network foundation forum in the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart. Retrieved September 13, 2019 .
  9. https://www.schulstiftung.de/einrichtungen/
  10. Home. Retrieved on February 24, 2019 (German).
  11. Schools of the Marchtaler Plan: General education, special and vocational schools ( Memento from January 30, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  12. Responsibility of the diocesan archive. Retrieved September 13, 2019 .
  13. Voluntary Services DRS non-profit GmbH | About us. Retrieved November 7, 2019 .
  14. Regulations for the award of church titles and decorations in the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart
  15. welt.de: A total of around 180,000 Catholics left the Church in 2010 - around 50,000 more than in the previous year
  16. Ute Hahn: Kirchliche Statistics 2014. (pdf; 2,245.5 kB) HA IV - Pastoral Concept (Kirchliches Meldewesen / Statistics /), August 1, 2015, p. 11 , accessed on September 3, 2019 .
  17. ^ Raimund Weible: Renovation costs force communities to demolish. In: swp.de. December 23, 2014, accessed September 13, 2019 .