|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 14 ' N , 9 ° 34' E
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|County :||Alb-Danube district|
|Height :||539 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||26.59 km 2|
|Residents:||1288 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||48 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||89611|
|Area code :||07375|
|License plate :||UL|
|Community key :||08 4 25 090|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Martin Kramer|
|Location of the municipality of Obermarchtal in the Alb-Donau district|
Obermarchtal is a municipality in the Alb-Donau district about 15 kilometers southwest of Ehingen .
Obermarchtal lies on a Weißjura plateau at the foot of the Swabian Alb. The village lies on the Danube, which leaves its second breakthrough through the Swabian Alb here. From here the gateway to Oberschwaben opens towards the south with a view of the highest point in Oberschwabia, the Bussen .
The Schwedenhöhlen Reutlingendorf is located nearby .
The community borders in the north on Lauterach , in the east on Untermarchtal and the city of Munderkingen , in the southeast on Hausen am Bussen , in the south on Uttenweiler and Unlingen and in the west on the city of Riedlingen , all three in the district of Biberach , and in the northwest on Emeringen and Right stone .
Prehistory and early history
If you want to go back to the historically tangible beginnings of human settlements in the area of today's municipality of Obermarchtal, the search for clues leads you via the B 311 towards Reutlingendorf . There, in the "Langhau" parcel, there is a trapezoidal Celtic square hill, as well as over 95 Hallstatt-era burial mounds. Excavations in 1909 and 1928 showed that these remains of the settlement are around 2,600 years old. Nothing is known about the fate of the people at that time and the darkness of a springless time also covers the following centuries right into the Middle Ages .
The real Marchtal story begins in the 8th century. The Germanic tribes that had settled in southern Germany in the course of the migration of peoples divided their areas into districts, of which in the 7th / 8th Century several in the Marchtal area adjoined and partially overlapped. Marchcthala, or Marchotala, Marahtale, Marhtale also belonged to one of these districts, the Folcholtsbaar. This place name, which appeared for the first time at that time, indicates in all its different spellings a field name that is derived from the Alemannic “marah” = horse, warhorse. So the name Marchtal probably came about because of a "settlement in / near the horse valley", although one has to think of the Danube valley. At the latest during this time the "Altenburg" was built on a rock above the Danube, from which Halaholf and his wife Hildiberg founded a "monasterium in Marhctala": the first Marchtal monastery . In 776 AD, their son, Count Agylolf, transferred the monastery in Marchtal to the powerful Benedictine abbey of St. Gallen . This donation is included in the annals of the St. Gallen monastery in a document, which is the first written confirmation of the place Marchtal.
Alteburg near Marchthal, occupied by Konrad, Truchseß von Winterstetten, was conquered, burned and completely destroyed on September 1, 1269 by the Counts of Veringen and Schelklingen, Ulrich and Heinrich, after an eleven day siege.
In its place later a new and larger castle complex was built - opposite the Altenburg - which was owned by the Dukes of Swabia in the 10th century. Before 993 AD , Duke Hermann II established a canonical monastery consecrated to the apostles Peter and Paul in the castle district . Outside the castle, he had a parish church (today's "village church") built, which was consecrated on February 11, 998. After the canon monastery fell more and more and neglected its tasks due to political times and frequent changes of the supporting noble families, the third Marchtal monastery was founded in 1171 by Count Palatine Hugo von Tübingen. With the help of twelve Premonstratensian choirs and a group of women choirs from Rot ad Rot, he founded the Marchtal Premonstratensian Monastery, which existed until 1802. The women's monastery was dissolved in 1273.
In the area in front of the castle and the monastery, a settlement developed over the years, which was called "Obermarchtal" to distinguish it from the Marchtal monastery. The settlement further down the Danube was named "Untermarchtal". The Marchtal Abbey expanded its possessions considerably through donations and purchases. At the time of its greatest expansion, around the middle of the 18th century, it dominated an area from the Danube to the Federsee with 9 parish villages and 14 smaller hamlets with about 6,000 inhabitants.
see also Jörgenberg Castle , Dachsberg Castle
1440 Marchtal became the Abbey charged in 1500 it became a free imperial abbey and was with his abbot on the Reichstag represented. The Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) had badly damaged the buildings of the Marchtal Imperial Monastery, so that between 1686 and 1769 a new complex, today's monastery, was built. The early Baroque monastery church marks the beginning of the Upper Swabian Baroque era, while the famous “Hall of Mirrors” with its splendid Rococo furnishings already indicates its end. This epoch, which came to an end at the turn of the 19th century, also brought the end of the more than 600 years of the Premonstratensian era in Marchtal: in 1802 the monastery was secularized , the canons were expelled, and the entire property fell to the Bavarian dynasty of Thurn und Taxis . The monastery became a castle, the long spiritual, cultural and musical tradition ended abruptly - a new era began for the village and its people.
The new lords were princely civil servants in the Thurn- and Tax'schen Oberamt and Rentamt, from 1823 a district judge and district court actuary was there, from 1848 the feudal rule came to an end: the citizens received their property securitized by buying property from the Princely House. The 19th century brought radical changes and epoch-making innovations in almost all areas of life: In 1848 Pastor Scheffold founded a local savings bank “to promote frugality and increase credit”. Two years later a postal expedition was set up in the village and in 1865 the foundation stone was laid for the construction of the school and town hall. The construction of the Ulm – Sigmaringen railway in 1870 not only marked the beginning of a new age of travel, but also offered the inhabitants of Obermarchtal work and income. The loan association was founded in 1899.
This dynamic of change persisted in the 20th century and accelerated rapidly over the past two decades. The defining events were the catastrophes of the two world wars and the political and social upheavals and economic upheavals they caused. All of this did not stop at Obermarchtal: The wars took their toll on the local population, billeting and hospitals determined the appearance of the monastery complex for years, over 4,000 wounded were nursed to health here or accompanied to death. The most striking event between the wars was the entry of the sisters from the Order of the Visitation of Mariae into the monastery complex on October 10, 1919. The move of the sisters to Untermarchtal in autumn 1997 (for the time being) ended the last chapter in the monastery history of the place. The girls' school, opened by the sisters in 1920, still exists today as the Catholic Free Franz von Sales Realschule and offers space for over 550 girls.
After the end of the Second World War and overcoming the difficult post-war years, the economic miracle of the Adenauer era also made itself felt in Obermarchtal: In 1957 a new water supply was put into operation, at the end of the 1950s the local roads were expanded and paved, in 1967 the newly built kindergarten , which was expanded and modernized in 1998, and in 1976 the community celebrated the inauguration of the new gym. In 1978 , the church academy for teacher training in Obermarchtal was opened in the monastery complex, which had become the property of the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese in 1973 . With the development of a new school pedagogical concept ( Marchtaler Plan ), it made the name “Marchtal” known far beyond Germany and has since become a significant economic factor in the community, with over 10,000 guests annually. The Church Academy of Teacher Training is also the organizer of the annual exhibition entitled “Marchtaler Windows - New Art”, which has been showing works by artists living and working in Baden-Württemberg since 1993 in the courtyard of the monastery complex.
In 1988 the Sixtus Bachmann Primary School was inaugurated.
The following communities were incorporated into Obermarchtal:
- 1932: Datthausen
- 1932: Gütelhofen
- 1932: Luppenhofen
- April 1, 1972: Reutlingendorf
The municipality was headed by the following mayors:
- 1826-1828 Fiderer
- 1828-1830 Herter
- 1830-1847 Aßfalg
- 1847–1876 Bernhard Pfänder
- 1876–1890 Heinrich Tröster
- 1890–1926 Eduard Pfänder
- 1926–1946 Lorenz Striegel
- 1947–1948 Anton Klöß
- 1948–1970 Karl Bauer
- 1970–2002 Hermann Branz (CDU, * 1944)
- 2002–2018 Anton Buck (* 1953)
- Since 2018 Martin Krämer (* 1976)
Economy and Infrastructure
Obermarchtal is located directly on the B 311 between Ehingen and Riedlingen .
The community is connected to the international cycle routes Danube Cycle Path and EuroVelo 6 (runs along six European rivers from the Atlantic to the Black Sea).
In addition, the Black Forest-Swabian-Alb-Allgäu-Weg , also known as main hiking trail 5 , leads through the village, a long-distance hiking trail of the Swabian Alb Association .
- Sixtus Bachmann Primary School
- Franz von Sales Realschule
- Studienkolleg Obermarchtal , Catholic Free Gymnasium in construction form
- Church Academy of Teacher Training (hence the name Marchtaler Plan for the educational plan of the Catholic Free Schools of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart )
Culture and sights
Obermarchtal is located on the Upper Swabian Baroque Road . The baroque monastery complex Obermarchtal is the only architecturally self-contained, completed and preserved complex in Upper Swabia. Since 1994 the Sebastian Sailer Days, a festival with baroque music, theater and dance, have been held in May.
In the Marchtal Museum you can see rare pieces from the 1000-year history of the monastery and the community. Most of them were not open to the public until recently. Vestments, precious chalices and historical documents show the common path of the Obermarchtal community and monastery from the early Middle Ages through the turmoil of secularization to our time. A memorial in the museum commemorates the preacher and writer Sebastian Sailer, who died in Obermarchtal .
Exhibition "Marchtaler Windows - New Art"
The inner courtyard of the Obermarchtal monastery complex , located between the choir and the hall of mirrors, is the location of the “Marchtaler Windows - New Art” exhibition for contemporary art from Baden-Württemberg. The exhibition is sponsored by the church academy for teacher training in Obermarchtal of the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese, which is located in the monastery complex. Since 1993, numerous well-known artists living in south-west Germany have exhibited there in an annually changing cycle, such as Stephan Balkenhol , Stefan Rohrer, Willi Weiner, Jürgen Brodwolf , Ilse Teipelke , Franz Bernhard , Franz Bucher, Erich Hauser , Alfonso Hüppi , Jürgen Pal Zusammenarbeit, Sandra Eades , Andrea Zaumseil , Karl Manfred Rennertz , Josef Bücheler , Thomas Lenk u. a. The “Marchtaler Window” has thus developed into an important exhibition platform in Baden-Württemberg .
- Former Premonstratensian Monastery of Marchtal with the Minster of St. Peter and Paul
- The historic military cemetery is located 1.5 km southeast of Obermarchtal. Soldiers from all parts of Europe rest here. The cemetery was first mentioned in a document in 1790.
- Danube hydropower plant Obermarchtal-Alfredstal from 1903
- Klostergasthof Adler , Monument of the Month November 2012
Window with rocaille decorations on the monastery
- Sports club Obermarchtal
- Football department: FC Marchtal (District League B)
- Traditional folk festival "Peter & Paul", one of the oldest folk festivals in the region, whose origins go back to the late 19th century, is celebrated annually with the church patronage of St. Peter & Paul on June 29th (organizer: Musikverein Obermarchtal)
- Fasnet: As in numerous communities in the Swabian-Alemannic area, in Obermarchtal the carnival is celebrated between the Epiphany (January 6th) and Ash Wednesday. The highlights are the carnival opening with the historic castle ghost search and a subsequent carnival parade and many guest guilds (Saturday, four weeks before the main carnival), the various program balls (guild ball, club ball, children's ball) and the traditional carnival medig, the highlight of the Marchtal carnival. Another foolish carnival parade / house carnival takes place here with numerous original groups (organizer: Narrenzunft Obermarchtal e.V.).
- Sebastian Sailer Days, annual festival in late summer with works by Sebastian Sailer , concerts and lectures on baroque culture in Upper Swabia (organizer: Theaterei Herrlingen )
- Spring festival in Reutlingendorf, annually on the weekend before Ascension Day and on the Wednesday before Ascension Day and on Ascension Day itself. For more information, go to www.reutlingendorf.de (Organizer: Musikverein Reutlingendorf)
Daughters and sons of the church
- Johannes Ernst OSB (* 1528 in Obermarchtal; † November 20, 1594 in Ochsenhausen), Abbot Reichsabbey Ochsenhausen
- Urban von Ströbele (born April 16, 1781 in Obermarchtal; † February 21, 1858 in Rottenburg / Neckar) was elected bishop of the Rottenburg diocese on January 8, 1846. However, this election was rejected by the then Pope.
- Paco Knöller (born August 29, 1950 in Obermarchtal), artist
Other personalities in the community
- Isfrid Kayser (born March 13, 1712 in Türkheim ad Wertach, † March 1, 1771 in the Marchtal Monastery), father, canon and composer
- Sebastian Sailer (born February 12, 1714 in Weißenhorn; † March 7, 1777 in Obermarchtal), canon in Obermarchtal, preacher and pioneer of Swabian dialect poetry
- Sixtus Bachmann (born July 18, 1754 in Kettershausen; † October 18, 1825 in Reutlingendorf), father, canon and composer. The local elementary school is named after Sixtus Bachmann
- 1200 years of Reutlingendorf 790–1990. About the history and stories of a Swabian village between buses and the Danube. Ulm 1991.
- Obermarchtal at LEO-BW
- Internet presence of the municipality of Obermarchtal
- Baroque in Obermarchtal
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ^ Sulger 218. Memm. Oberamt Ehingen p. 174. Diöces.-Arch. IV, 188.
- ↑ webmaster: EuroVelo 6: explore the European rivers by bike! - EuroVelo. Retrieved April 29, 2017 .