Diocese of Regensburg
|Diocese of Regensburg|
|Ecclesiastical province||Munich and Freising|
|Metropolitan bishopric||Archdiocese of Munich and Freising|
|Diocesan bishop||Rudolf Voderholzer|
|Emeritus diocesan bishop||Gerhard Ludwig Müller|
|Vicar General||Michael Fuchs|
|Dean's offices||33 (December 31, 2018)|
|Parishes||631 (December 31, 2018)|
|Residents||1,741,900 (December 31, 2018)|
|Catholics||1,158,482 (December 31, 2018)|
|Diocesan priest||732 (December 31, 2018)|
|Religious priest||231 (December 31, 2018)|
|Catholics per priest||1,203|
|Permanent deacons||106 (December 31, 2018)|
|Friars||689 (December 31, 2018)|
|Religious sisters||1,149 (December 31, 2018)|
|Liturgical language||Latin , German|
The diocese of Regensburg ( Latin Dioecesis Ratisbonensis ) is a Roman Catholic diocese in the east of Bavaria and includes large parts of the administrative districts of Upper Palatinate and Lower Bavaria , as well as smaller parts of Upper Franconia and Upper Bavaria . Regensburg is the largest diocese in Bavaria in terms of area.
There is first evidence of Christianity in Regensburg since it ruled the upper Danube as the Roman military camp Castra Regina . The earliest evidence of Christian belief is a tombstone that was erected around the year 400 to commemorate a certain Sarmannina in the civil town. It is believed that Roman soldiers and civilians had brought the Christian faith across the Alps from Aquilea on the Adriatic north to the province of Raetia. From the middle of the 6th century, Christian wandering bishops were also active in Regensburg during the formation of the Bavarian tribes , such as Saint Emmeram of Regensburg . The year 739 is considered to be the founding date of the diocese of Regensburg, when Regensburg was made subject to canon law by Boniface and thus to the Bishop of Rome .
The first bishop was Gaubald (739–761), who had his seat in the monastery of Sankt Emmeram . In 798 the diocese was subordinated to the Archdiocese of Salzburg. Only under Bishop Wolfgang (972–994) were the abbot dignity of St. Emmeram and the bishopric dignity of Regensburg separated. The Egerland belonged to the diocese for more than a thousand years .
The diocese experienced its heyday in the 12th century, with numerous monasteries being founded. The church doctor Albertus Magnus was bishop of Regensburg from 1260 to 1262. His task was particularly the rehabilitation of the diocese's finances. He was followed by Leo Thundorfer from Regensburg to the Regensburg Cathedra . The foundation stone of the Gothic cathedral was laid during his reign. The secular domain of the Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, the Hochstift Regensburg , had broken away from the Duchy of Bavaria after the Wittelsbach family had been enfeoffed, but could not be expanded into a larger closed territory. The imperial city of Regensburg and the Upper Palatinate became Evangelical-Lutheran for three generations after the Augsburg Imperial and Religious Peace of 1555 and again Roman-Catholic during the Thirty Years War , which led to conflicts between the City Council of Regensburg and the Roman-Catholic bishop.
In 1803 the bishopric was transformed into a principality of Regensburg under the government of the Kurerzkanzler Carl Theodor von Dalberg . His archbishopric dignity was transferred on July 2, 1805 from Mainz to the diocese of Regensburg, whose bishop Dalberg had been elected as early as 1804. In 1810 the Principality of Regensburg fell to the Kingdom of Bavaria , but the Prince Primate remained Archbishop of Regensburg until his death in 1817.
Since the suspension of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation in 1806, Vienna endeavored to incorporate Egerland , which had been pledged to the Kingdom of Bohemia, into the Archdiocese of Prague , which was achieved in 1808.
In 1861 the diocese of Regensburg had 27 monasteries, 31 deaneries, 426 parishes, 1,375 priests and 687,732 Catholics.
Declining church tax revenues and leaving the church, as well as the shortage of priests, force many dioceses not only to merge parishes and form pastoral care units, but also to close churches. The diocese of Regensburg has so far not suffered financially. A commission was set up as early as the late 1990s to ensure a balanced budget. To this day, no diocese employees have to be dismissed or financial reserves have to be released. The highest number of regular worshipers in West Germany and the active parish life in most parishes have also contributed to the fact that church rooms continue to be used for their original purpose.
In 2005, Bishop Gerhard Ludwig Müller reorganized the structures of the lay apostolate in the diocese. According to the new statutes, the pastor is now chairman of the parish council. Instead of the previous dean's council, after the change there will be many different forms of cooperation at the dean's level, which should be determined by the respective tasks. The previous, elected diocesan council will be replaced by a diocesan pastoral council and a diocesan committee. The members of the pastoral council - unlike the elected members of the diocesan council - are appointed by the diocesan bishop in accordance with canon law (can. 511-514 CIC ) from the various church services - two parish council members each from the eight regions. He should advise pastoral concerns and develop suggestions. The diocesan committee consists of elected representatives of the Catholic associations and spiritual movements. Each organization sends its chairman or his deputy. The previous organization of lay work went back to the Würzburg Synod of 1975. The bishop justifies the restructuring with the adaptation to the new canon law of 1983 and with insufficient effectiveness of the middle level (deanery level ).
Bishop Müller a. a. from the Central Committee of German Catholics , which accused Müller of an “unacceptable violation of the law”. In response to this, Müller discontinued the previously usual payments to the ZdK, but has since resumed it. Some viewed the appointment of the pastor as chairman, despite its legitimacy, as a downgrade of the parish council. In the decree of the supreme Roman court ( apostolic signature ) of February 9, 2007, the action of the Regensburg bishop was declared lawful. His reform was welcomed by the Vatican Congregation for the Clergy .
Publicly raised allegations of sexual abuse in the years 1958 to 1973 and later received media attention . The diocese of Regensburg commented on this.
In the summer of 2010, the St. Augustin Church of the Augustinian monastery in Weiden , built in 1927-29, was profaned after the monastery was dissolved. This is the only known profanation of a church in the diocese of Regensburg in recent history.
On November 19, 2011, the Central Committee of German Catholics (ZdK) decided in its autumn plenary meeting in Bad Godesberg that the 99th Catholic Day in 2014 would take place in Regensburg after an invitation from then Bishop Müller. The decision was made with an agreement of 78.6 percent.
The Diocese of Regensburg is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising . It is divided into eight regions, to which a total of 33 deaneries are assigned. Each region is assigned a regional dean who is appointed by the bishop for ten years.
|Region I - Regensburg|
|Region II - Landshut||Dingolfing , Eggenfelden , Frontenhausen-Pilsting , Landshut-Altheim , Rottenburg and Vilsbiburg|
|Region III - Straubing - Deggendorf||Bogenberg-Pondorf, Deggendorf-Plattling , Geiselhöring , Straubing and Viechtach|
|Region IV - Kelheim||Abensberg-Mainburg , Geisenfeld , Kelheim and Pförring|
|Region V - Cham||Cham , Kötzting, Neunburg-Oberviechtach and Roding|
|Region VI - Amberg - Schwandorf||Amberg-Ensdorf , Schwandorf and Sulzbach-Hirschau|
|Region VII - pastures||Leuchtenberg, Nabburg , Neustadt / WN and Weiden|
|Region VIII - Tirschenreuth - Wunsiedel||Kemnath-Wunsiedel and Tirschenreuth|
- Provost Prelate Franz early morning
- Cathedral dean prelate Johann Neumüller
- Eight cathedral capitulars: the two auxiliary bishops Reinhard Pappenberger and Josef Graf , vicar general prelate Michael Fuchs, official prelate Josef Ammer, monsignor Roland Batz, pastoral care director monsignor Thomas Pinzer, BGR Johann Ammer and Josef Kreiml.
- The cathedral vicars are assigned to the cathedral chapter: Monsignor Harald Scharf, Georg FX Schwager, Rainer Schinko, inner city pastor Werner Schrüfer, pastor Andreas Albert, youth pastor Christian Kalis. The cathedral vicars have no voting rights in the cathedral chapter.
The Ordinariatskonferenz supports the bishop in his leadership function for the diocese. Its members are all cathedral chapters (see cathedral chapters), Ordinariatsratin María Luisa Öfele (Order) and Ordinariatsrat Alois Sattler (Finance Director).
The vicar general is the deputy of the diocesan bishop ( local ordinary ) and manages the administration on his behalf. The vicars general did not acquire their present-day importance until the 1920s and the reorganization of the church. Karl Theodor von Dalberg had renounced a vicar general, after which the uninterrupted series begins with Johann Michael Sailer and continues to this day with Michael Fuchs .
In addition, there are cathedral capitulars and ordinaries who are responsible for Caritas , schools, training, personnel, medals, finances and the like.
Before Johann Michael Sailer , a real pastor, climbed the Regensburg cathedra and took over administration and pastoral care in the diocese itself, the most important office was that of auxiliary bishop . The auxiliary bishops were once properly ordained bishops who, due to political turmoil such as B. the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula by Muslim troops have left their home dioceses. In the Holy Roman Empire they found asylum with their Latin brethren . Often this was very convenient for the chief shepherds, since they could not or would not receive the higher orders. The consecrated bishops took on the tasks of administering the sacraments, such as confirmation and the ordination of priests. This is how the term and then the office of auxiliary bishop came about. Above all, the Regensburg bishops from the House of Wittelsbach used the help of the auxiliary bishops, as they almost never stayed in person in the diocese. One of the most important auxiliary bishops of this time was Gottfried Langwerth von Simmern (1669–1741), titular bishop of Germanicopolis . The list has been continued without interruption since the middle of the 15th century. Last in line was Auxiliary Bishop Vinzenz Guggenberger , titular bishop of Abziri .
Cathedral Chapter Monsignor Reinhard Pappenberger was on February 6, 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI. appointed titular bishop of Aptuca and auxiliary bishop in Regensburg; Bishop Gerhard Ludwig Müller donated him the episcopal ordination on March 25 of the same year in the Regensburg Cathedral .
The Regensburg Episcopal Central Archive preserves the holdings of the diocesan administration, the cathedral chapter, parish and deanery archives, individual monastery, monastery, order, association and association archives as well as estates and collections, a total of almost 20,000 documents (since the 12th century) and over 4000 linear meters of files. It has been housed in the Obermünster Abbey since 1971 .
Episcopal youth welfare office
In the Diocese of Regensburg there are 13 branch offices of the Episcopal Youth Welfare Office. The work focus of the youth center is the qualification of the employees in the parishes and the coordination and support of the church youth work in the parishes. The youth associations in the respective district are particularly important contacts.
Institute Pope Benedict XVI.
Culture and sights
→ See also: Church building in the diocese of Regensburg
- St. Peter's Cathedral in Regensburg
- Basilica minor St. Emmeram in Regensburg
- Basilica minor and collegiate church of Our Lady of the Old Chapel in Regensburg
- Dompfarrkirche Niedermünster in Regensburg
- Basilica minor St. Martin in Amberg
- Pilgrimage church Maria Hilf in Amberg
- Bogenberg pilgrimage church in the Straubing-Bogen district , the oldest Marian pilgrimage church in Bavaria
- Art Nouveau church Maria Immaculata in Dietelskirchen in the Landshut district
- Pilgrimage church to the Holy Trinity in Kappl in the Tirschenreuth district
- Benedictine monastery churches in Metten ( Deggendorf district ), Rohr and Weltenburg (both Kelheim district )
- Basilica minor St. Jakob in Straubing
- Minor basilica and abbey church of the Assumption of Mary and St. John the Evangelist in Waldsassen
Saints and blessed
- St. Boniface
- St. Albertus Magnus
- St. Anna Schäffer
- Sel. Maria Theresa of Jesus Gerhardinger
- Sel. Friedrich of Regensburg
- Sel. Brother Eustachius Kugler
Important episcopal figures
- Emmeram von Regensburg , saint, martyr, bishop, 2nd half of the 7th century
- Rupert , saint, bishop around 697 (uncertain)
- Erhard , saint, bishop before 720
- Wolfgang , saint, bishop 972–994
- Albertus Magnus , saint, called the Great , Bishop 1260–1262
- Dalberg, Carl Theodor Freiherr von , elector and diocese administrator 1803–1805, archbishop, metropolitan and primate of Germany 1805–1817
- Sailer, Johann Michael von , Bishop 1829–1832
- Wittmann, Georg Michael , Venerable Servant of God, Titular Bishop of Miletopolis and Auxiliary Bishop in Regensburg, appointed Bishop of Regensburg 1832–1833
- Johannes Nepomuk Neumann ; Missionary and Bishop of Philadelphia (g - white) January 3:
- Erhard von Regensburg ; Mission bishop in Alsace and Regensburg, patron saint of the diocese (F - White) January 8th:
- Liberat White and Companions; Martyr, Missionary of the Franciscan Order (g - red) March 3:
- Maria, patroness of Bavaria (H - white) May 1st:
- Maria Theresa von Jesu Gerhardinger ; Religious Sister and Foundress of the Poor School Sisters of Our Lady (g - White) May 9th:
- June 30: Anniversary of the consecration of the cathedral (F, in the cathedral H - white)
- September 22: Emmeram von Regensburg ; Martyr, missionary bishop in Bavaria and especially in Regensburg, buried in the monastery of Sankt Emmeram , patron saint of the diocese (F - red)
- Anna Schäffer ; Sufferer, mystic (g - white) October 5th:
- October 15 (or on the following Sunday): Anniversary of the consecration of the churches that do not know their consecration day - parish fair (H - white)
- October 31: Wolfgang von Regensburg ; Missionary and Bishop of Regensburg, main patron of the diocese (H - white)
- Rupert Mayer ; Jesuit priest and president of the Marian Congregation for Men , member of the Catholic resistance during the time of National Socialism (g - white) November 3:
- November 15: Albert the Great ; Bishop of Regensburg, Doctor of the Church (F - White)
- November 29th: Friedrich von Regensburg ; Augustinian lay brother (g - white)
- Adolph Kolping ; Priest, founder of the Kolping Society, known for dealing with the social issue (g - white) December 4th:
Note : The following abbreviations apply to the ranking in the following order:
- H: Solemnity (Sollemnitas)
- F: Festum
- G: due day of remembrance (memoria obligatoria)
- g: non-mandatory day of remembrance (memoria ad libitum)
- List of the bishops of Regensburg
- List of auxiliary bishops in Regensburg
- List of Regensburg Canons
- Roman Catholic Church in Germany
- Regensburg Cathedral Sparrows
- The official website of the Diocese of Regensburg
- Catholic youth centers in the diocese of Regensburg , youth services, youth day, group leader courses, material
- Entry for the diocese of Regensburg on catholic-hierarchy.org
- Catholic Church in Germany. (PDF: 1,041 kB) Statistical data 2018. Secretariat of the German Bishops' Conference, July 19, 2019, p. 3 , accessed on July 19, 2019 .
- Paul Mai: The sources on the church history of Bohemia in the Bishop's Central Archives in Regensburg. In: Negotiations of the historical association for Upper Palatinate and Regensburg. Historischer Verein für Oberpfalz and Regensburg, 1993, p. 259 , accessed on February 15, 2020 .
- Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary-artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, p. 13 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized version ).
- ZdK: ZdK President Meyer: Reorganization in Regensburg is a violation of the law , November 16, 2005
- kath.net: 'It is time for the ZdK to find its way back to church standards' , December 4, 2006
- Message on forum.nrw.tv from September 20, 2007 ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Diocese of Regensburg confirmed Regensburg Councils Reform of Rome finally - grave Meier failed again ( Memento of 27 September 2007 at the Internet Archive ) March 12, 2007
- Diocese of Regensburg: Decree to reject complaints against the reorganization of the lay apostolate ( Memento of September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), March 12, 2007
- Overview of the diocese on the council reform
- Research and reports on cases of abuse and pedagogical attacks in the Diocese of Regensburg from 1958 to 1973 ( Memento from July 11, 2011 in the Internet Archive ). Website of the diocese of Regensburg. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- Abuse by the "Domspatzen" under Theobald Schrems
- https://www.bistum-regensburg.de/bistum/dom-st-peter/domkapitel/ , accessed on January 20, 2020
- Bischöfliches Zentralarchiv Regensburg , accessed on June 8, 2013.
- University website ( school authority )
- Diocese of Regensburg: Own celebrations , accessed on July 21, 2016.