|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Lower Bavaria|
|Height :||322 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||67.58 km 2|
|Residents:||47,791 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||707 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||94315|
|Area code :||09421|
|License plate :||SR|
|Community key :||09 2 63 000|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Markus Pannermayr ( CSU )|
|Location of the city of Straubing in Bavaria|
Straubing is an independent city in the administrative district of Lower Bavaria in eastern Bavaria . In the late Middle Ages, the city was one of the capitals of the Bavarian partial duchies, along with Munich, Landshut and Ingolstadt, which is still reflected in the architecture today. Today Straubing is one of four regional centers in Lower Bavaria and the administrative seat of the Danube Forest planning region . The Mittelstadt is the seat of the Straubing-Bogen district office and the largest city in the Gäuboden . Since October 1, 2017, the previous science city has been given the new title University City through a branch of the Technical University of Munich (Straubing Campus) .
City area, districts and neighboring communities
The urban area of Straubing extends along the Danube in an east-west direction, with most of it located south of the Danube. North of the Danube, the localities Hornstorf , Sossau and Unterzeitldorn as well as the area of the Öberauer Danube loop , an oxbow of the Danube, with the hamlet Öberau are parts of the city. To the south of the Danube, the towns of Kay , Ehetal and Eglsee belong to the town of Straubing.
The city has an extension of 13.5 kilometers in an east-west direction and 9.2 kilometers in a north-south direction.
Due to its size, Straubing is not divided into districts. City districts that have recently been incorporated ( Alburg , Ittling including Eglsee and Kagers ) and geographically independent locations (Hornstorf, Kay, Sossau, Unterzeitldorn) are managed as separate districts.
The urban area is completely enclosed by the Straubing-Bogen district . The following communities border the city of Straubing (clockwise, starting in the north): Kirchroth , Parkstetten , Bogen , Aiterhofen , Feldkirchen , Geiselhöring , Perkam , Atting .
The climate of the city of Straubing can be described as a moderate continental climate. The city is largely protected from strong winds by the Bavarian Forest in the north, the Lower Bavarian hill country in the south and the location on the low river level. Cold winds from the north reach Straubing just as rarely as the foehn winds from the south.
Due to the location in the Danube plain, fog often forms, especially in spring and autumn.
The warmest month is July with an average of 18.1 degrees Celsius, the coldest month is January with an average of −2.7 degrees Celsius. The greatest precipitation falls from June to August with an average of 85 to 91 millimeters, the lowest from February to April with 47 to 51 millimeters and in October with an average of 53 millimeters.
The population census results in the following population development in relation to the urban area:
Between 1988 and 2019 the urban population grew by 18.5%, from 40,612 to 48,110 inhabitants.
According to the 2011 census , 13.7% of the population were Protestant , 63.9% Roman Catholic and 22.4% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and especially Catholics has decreased since then. According to the city of Straubing's 2019 statistical report, 56.4% of the population were Roman Catholic , 10.7% Protestant and 32.9% belonged to another or no religious community at the end of 2018 . The membership numbers of the denominations reached a new low in 2019. The number of Catholics was below 55% for the first time and just under every tenth Straubinger was Protestant at the end of 2019.
Around 300 Sinti live in Straubing .
Where the city of Straubing is today, can be seen since about 5600 BC. BC ( Neolithic ) show almost uninterrupted human settlements. The early Bronze Age Straubing culture is particularly important . From around 500 BC The Celts of the Hallstatt culture settled here in an oppidum . The first surviving settlement name Sorviodurum comes from them .
A decisive event for the region was the conquest by the Romans at the turn of the ages. Many traces of Roman rule, which lasted around 400 years, can still be found today, including four forts and the well-known Roman treasure, which is exhibited in the Gäubodenmuseum . The Romans kept the Celtic place name Sorviodurum and developed the site into an important military site on the eastern Danube border. The forts housed only a regular and later a Canathener - cohort , d. H. a special unit of about a thousand archers from the area of present-day Syria .
Early Middle Ages
After the end of the Roman Empire, Straubing became almost seamlessly a settlement center for the Bavarians , who mainly settled in the area of the old Roman settlement around the current churchyard of St. Peter between Allachbach and the Danube and today's Alburg district. According to Bavarian custom, the new settlement was named after the clan leader Strupo Strupinga , from which the name Straubing developed.
After the deposition of the last Agilolfing duke Tassilo , Straubing became a Carolingian chamber property and came into possession of the Saxon imperial family under Emperor Otto the Great , most recently to Emperor Heinrich the Holy . The first documentary mention in 897 comes from this time. Emperor Heinrich gave his estate in Straubing to his brother Bruno , then Bishop of Augsburg . After his death in 1029, the manorial rule over the old Straubing passed to the Augsburg cathedral chapter , from whose rule the city only bought itself free in 1537. In the second half of the 12th century, the rebuilding of St. Peter's Church in Romanesque style on the site of two previous buildings finally fell as a widely visible symbol of the power of the cathedral chapter .
The Wittelsbach Duke Louis I, Duke of Bavaria began in 1218 with the founding of Straubinger Neustadt west of the old settlement center a clear signal against the Church's basic rule of Augsburg Cathedral Chapter, the nearby free city of Regensburg and the mighty Counts of Bogen . Landshut in 1204 and Landau in 1224 were also founded in Lower Bavaria .
Late Middle Ages
Straubing quickly developed into a center of Wittelsbach rule. Since 1255 the city was the seat of a victoy . In the 14th century the city tower (construction began in 1316), the St. Jakob basilica (around 1395) and the city square were built. Today the Gothic town center with the 800 m long town square is a harmonious mix of Gothic stepped gables, Renaissance oriels, Baroque and Rococo facades and classical pilaster strips . In the course of the Wittelsbach inheritance, Straubing became the capital of the Duchy of Bavaria-Straubing in 1353 , the Bavarian Was part of the Straubing-Holland country complex . Already in 1425 it became extinct in the male line and was divided up after disputes over inheritance in the Pressburg arbitration , whereby the city of Straubing fell to Bayern-Munich . Nevertheless, these seven decades shaped the city's history like no other epoch. Duke Albrecht I in particular and later his son and governor Albrecht II resided in the city for a long time.
The love story between the Wittelsbach heir Albrecht III achieved widespread fame . , who administered the Straubing Land for his father, Duke Ernst of Bavaria-Munich, and Agnes Bernauer's daughter , who came to a tragic end in the Danube near Straubing in 1435. As atonement, Duke Ernst built the Bernauer Chapel at St. Peter's Cemetery, where the grave slab can also be found today.
From 1474 the fortification ring around the city was considerably expanded. In order to be able to better control the shipping traffic and to be able to collect the customs duties that are important for the city coffers , the course of the Danube was moved through the so-called Bschlacht closer to the city using the old oxbow lake.
In 1507, through a reform of Duke Albrecht IV, the Straubing Rent Office was established , making the city one of the administrative centers of the Duchy of Bavaria for three centuries. In 1514, this area, like Landshut, first fell to Albrecht's younger son Ludwig X. , before the divisions of the duchy finally ended in 1545.
In 1568, the master turner Jakob Sandtner made a model of his hometown Straubing that was astonishingly precise for that time. Today it is an outstanding document of the city's history, a copy of which can be viewed in the Gäubodenmuseum . On behalf of the Bavarian Duke Albrecht V, Sandtner created further city models of the then government cities of Munich , Landshut , Ingolstadt and Burghausen . These and the original model by Straubing can be viewed in the Bavarian National Museum in Munich.
In the 16th century Straubing was the center of the Reformation in Lower Bavaria , but the city finally had to bow to the exclusive catholicity of the Duchy of Bavaria . The victim of the expulsion policy was the famous patrician son Ulrich Schmidl , who took part in the conquest of South America by the Spaniards from 1535 to 1554 and is considered a co-founder of the city of Buenos Aires and the first historian in Argentina . From 1614 the Capuchins , from 1631 the Jesuits and other orders that settled there in the 17th and 18th centuries, such as the Ursulines in 1691, the Franciscans in 1702 and Elizabeth in 1748, who were mainly concerned with nursing the sick in the monastery , watched over the orthodoxy of the city Azlburg took care.
The Thirty Years War was a severe blow for Straubing : Around 1800 of the 4000 inhabitants fell victim to the Swedish occupation under Bernhard von Weimar or the plague that was brought in in 1633 . All properties around the city wall were closed for fortification reasons or destroyed by shelling. The city only recovered from this at the end of the 17th century and, in the course of the Baroque era, became an important place of activity for the Asam family of sculptors and painters . Together, the Asam brothers created the Ursuline monastery church .
In 1704 Straubing was occupied by the Austrians ( War of the Spanish Succession ). Because of a vow to ward off the danger of war, the so-called Trinity Column was erected in 1709 . The city also survived sieges by Austrian troops in 1742 and 1743 ( War of the Austrian Succession ). The resulting economic crisis culminated in the bankruptcy of the city and the great city fire of 1780, which devastated large parts of the districts north of the city square. The work of the sculptor and plasterer Mathias Obermayr , who gave numerous house facades and many churches in and around the city, a final, unmistakable rococo shine , also fell into this period . After secularization , Straubing largely lost its political importance as the seat of government and administration - but its position as the most important market and trading center in the Gäuboden between Regensburg and Passau was largely retained.
Based on the example of the Munich Central Agriculture Festival, a district agriculture festival was launched in Straubing in 1812, today's Gäubodenvolksfest . The two parts of the town square were renamed Ludwigsplatz and Theresienplatz on the occasion of the visit of the heir apparent couple . Further renaming of streets and squares in the city took place during the National Socialist era (e.g. Großdeutschlandplatz, Freiherr-von-Epp- Strasse), but these were reversed after the Second World War .
Since the end of the 19th century, the largest Bavarian prison was located in Straubing , at that time a modern new building. At the end of the 20th century, the Bavarian Prison Academy (initially as the Bavarian Prison School) and an institution for forensic psychiatry were added as additional facilities . Today the Straubing correctional facility accommodates offenders with prison sentences of more than five years.
In 1904 the Straubinger Handwerker-Kreditgenossenschaft was founded.
Straubing was one of the first Bavarian cities to be captured by the November Revolution at the end of the First World War . On November 8, 1918, a demonstration train liberated prisoners. A workers' and soldiers' council had already formed on the afternoon of November 9, and a citizens' council in the evening.
Otto Selz from Straubing, murdered in March 1933, was the first Jewish victim of Nazi rule in Germany. During the November pogrom in 1938 , the synagogue of the Jewish community in Wittelsbacherstrasse was devastated by SA men . A plaque on the memorial for the victims of the war in the Powder Tower has been commemorating the 43 Jewish residents who fell victim to the Holocaust , and a memorial stone in the St. Peter's cemetery has been a memorial to the victims of forced labor .
At least 400 people were killed in three heavy US air raids on the Straubing railway junction during World War II in 1944/45, and extensive damage was caused in the urban area. Most of the historic buildings survived the bombing unscathed. In the post-war period Straubing experienced a great economic boom, which is associated with names such as the ski company Völkl or the concert electronics manufacturer Dynacord .
On January 1, 1972, the previously independent municipalities of Hornstorf and Kagers were incorporated as part of the regional reform . Alburg and Ittling followed on July 1, 1972 . Territory parts of the dissolved community Unterzeitldorn (until April 26, 1951 Zeitldorn ) were added on July 1, 1976.
In 1989 the Bavarian State Garden Show took place in Straubing , and in 1992 the State Exhibition Farmers in Bavaria. In 1997, the 1100th anniversary of the first documentary mention of the city was held with a large citizens' festival on the town square, and Deutsche Post issued a special stamp on this occasion. In 2003, the 650th anniversary of the Duchy of Straubing-Holland was celebrated with a series of events.
Important developments in recent years have been the establishment of the Straubing-Sand industrial area, the designation of large new building areas in the east and west of the city and the establishment of the competence center for renewable raw materials (since 2015 KoNaRo for short ) in 2001.
On June 9, 2008, the 9th Franco-German Council of Ministers took place in Straubing . It was the first time that French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angela Merkel met outside the two capitals.
The Science Center Straubing , the Technology and Support Center and CARMEN work closely together here (see below ). Several chairs from the participating universities, a Bachelor (since 2013) and a Master's degree (since 2008) Renewable Resources and a Fraunhofer project group (since 2009) have been set up at the Science Center. Due to the scientific activities at KoNaRo, Straubing was awarded the title “ City of Science ” on August 11, 2007 by Edmund Stoiber .
On October 1, 2017, Straubing rose from science city to university city by converting the Straubing Science Center into a campus for biotechnology and sustainability of the Technical University of Munich by resolution of the Bavarian State Parliament .
Straubing was affected by the floods of the century in 2002 and 2013 , but due to the improved flood protection after the floods of 1988, only comparatively minor damage occurred. In November 2016, a fire destroyed the historic part of the town hall. The reconstruction of the town hall is expected to be completed in 2021.
The city council election of March 15, 2020 produced the following result:
|Party / political grouping||Share of votes||change||Seats on the city council||change|
|CSU||46.6%||−7.1||18 + OB||−3|
|ödp / party-free environmentalists||6.8%||−2.5||3||−1|
Eight parties belong to the council: CSU, SPD, Greens, Free Voters, ödp, AfD, the Left and FDP. The new city council was constituted on May 4, 2020. The turnout was 44.1% and thus 1.1 percentage points above the value of the previous local election.
In the 2020 election for mayor, Markus Pannermayr (CSU) , who has been in office since 2008, achieved an absolute majority in the first ballot on March 15. He prevailed with 73.3% of the votes against his opponents Feride Niedermeier (GREEN), Stephan Weckmann (FWG), Peter Stranninger (SPD), Simon Bucher (formerly AfD) and Karl Ringlstetter (Die Linke). Pannermayr has been Lord Mayor of Straubing since 2008 . Reinhold Perlak (SPD) held office from 1996 to 2008 .
Mayor and city council candidate Simon Bucher resigned from the AfD before the local elections due to "right-wing extremist tendencies of individual other candidates on the city council list" and is a non-party member of the city council.
The second mayor is Albert Solleder (CSU), the third mayor is Werner Schäfer (SPD).
coat of arms
|Blazon : “In red a silver plow ; Above one another two labels with Bavarian diamonds , below a golden heraldic lily . "|
Reasons for the coat of arms: The plow in the coat of arms indicates the importance of agriculture for Straubing. Other interpretations draw a connection to the coat of arms of the local noble family of Straubing, although it is unclear in which direction the coat of arms component was adopted. The diamond shields stand for the Counts of Bogen and the Wittelsbachers who followed them, who founded the city. The lily stands as a symbol of Mary for the patroness of the diocese of Augsburg, to which Straubing belonged since 1029, and as a symbol for the town's market rights .
The coat of arms has been passed down almost unchanged since around 1270; the current version was checked and determined in 1952.
Culture and sights
- Gäubodenvolksfest and Ostbayernschau (annually): second largest folk festival in Bavaria
- Agnes Bernauer Festival (every four years, again in 2023)
- International Music Festival Bluval (annually)
- Jazz festival "Rivertone" (annually, before 2012 under the name "Jazz an der Donau", until 2017 Bluetone )
- Spring Festival, since 2014 under the name Ökovita (annually)
- Old Town Festival (annually)
- Citizens' festival (originally every two years, most recently in 2013)
- Theater am Hagen (branch theater of the Lower Bavaria State Theater )
- AnSTATT-Theater (theater in the old slaughterhouse)
- Paul Theater
- 1st Straubing Accordion Orchestra 1973
- Free Fanfare Corps Straubing
- Collegium Musicum Straubing
- Straubing Chamber Choir
- Lower Bavarian Chamber Orchestra
- Folk Choir Straubing
- City chapel Straubing
- Concert friends Straubing
- Anton-Bruckner-Gymnasium (high school with a musical branch)
- Bandhaus Straubing
- Gäubodenmuseum with the Straubing Roman treasure (including parts of parade armor of the Roman cavalry)
- Museum in the Ducal Palace (changing exhibitions)
The St. Peter church with the St. Peter cemetery east of today's downtown Straubing is a Romanesque basilica. It was built on a previous Carolingian building in what was then the old town and was the only parish church until the city was expanded in the Gothic period. A little outside in the district of the same name is the Romanesque-Gothic pilgrimage church of Sossau .
Significant Gothic buildings are the dominant city tower , the town hall with its historic town hall hall, which was badly damaged in a fire on November 25, 2016, and the ducal palace (see also: Straubing tax office ). The Weytterturm and the Pulverturm belonged to the medieval city fortifications . The largest church in Straubing, the St. Jakob and St. Tiburtius basilica with the Moses window based on a design by Albrecht Dürer , also dates from the Gothic period . It has been a minor basilica since 1989. The Carmelite Church of the Holy Spirit of the Straubing Carmelite Monastery is a Gothic hall church, built by Hans von Burghausen . The grave of Albrecht II in the Carmelite Church, which was later redesigned in Baroque style, is one of the city's most valuable art treasures.
The former Jesuit Church of the Assumption of Mary into Heaven emerged from the Gothic "Frauenkapelle am Obern Tor", was given to the Jesuit Order in 1631 and rebuilt in 1683. The Jesuit College is adjacent to the west. The Church of St. Vitus was built as a votive church as early as 1393 and redesigned in Baroque style in the 18th century; it functions as the seat of the St. Salvator's Society .
The pilgrimage church Frauenbrünnl in the town of the same name was probably painted by Hans Georg Asam . The Ursuline Church , the last joint work of the Asam brothers , as well as the Holy Trinity Column and the building of the Gäubodenmuseum also belong to the Baroque period .
The Dreifaltigkeitskirche belongs to the Bürgerspital ; the church was renovated in an early Classicist style after the great fire in 1780. The only synagogue in Lower Bavaria was built in 1907 in neo-Romanesque style. The striking water tower was built in 1922.
- Old slaughterhouse
Town hall , a landmark of Straubing
- Straubing Zoo
- Persiluhr (at the intersection of Innere Passauer Straße, Mühlsteingasse and Heerstraße): Orientation and meeting point
- Straubing Tigers , ice hockey , German ice hockey league
- FTSV Straubing , volleyball , 1st Bundesliga women as NawaRo Straubing
- BV Fortuna Straubing , billiards , 1st Bundesliga pool
- Boxing Club Straubing 1931 eV, boxing, 1st Bundesliga
- Straubing Spiders , American Football since 2018 GFL 2
- FSV Straubing 1926 eV, soccer club in the south of the city, integration base of the BLSV in the IdS measure since 2016
- Straubinger Rowing Club from 1881 e. V.
- TSV 1861 Straubing , football , formerly the regional and Bavarian league, currently no game
- Underwater Club Straubing e. V.
- Breeding and Trotting Club Straubing 1873 e. V., equestrian sport
- 1. Darts Club Straubing e. V., since 1983, Bayernliga
- SpVgg 1962 Straubing e. V., football
- DJK SB Straubing, football
- TTG Phoenix Straubing e. V., table tennis
- TTC Straubing e. V., table tennis
- DJK Hafner Straubing e. V., table tennis
- VfB Straubing, soccer
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2017, Straubing achieved a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 2.48 billion within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 52,014 (Bavaria: € 46,698 / Germany € 39,650) and thus above the regional and national average. In 2017, there were around 40,900 gainfully employed people in the city. The unemployment rate was 4.5% in 2019.
In the Future Atlas 2019, the city of Straubing was ranked 88th out of 401 rural districts and cities in Germany, making it one of the places with “high future opportunities”.
The main industries in Straubing are:
- Mechanical engineering or special mechanical engineering
- Electrical engineering and electronics
Straubing positions itself - predestined by its location in the heartland of arable farming, the Gäuboden - as a center for industrial biotechnology. In Straubing, the Bavarian State Government bundles all research and development work in this area in the Competence Center for Renewable Raw Materials (KoNaRo). The following three institutions work closely together under the joint umbrella of KoNaRo:
- The Straubing campus for biotechnology and sustainability of the Technical University of Munich for basic research and teaching
- The technology and funding center (TFZ) for applied research, funding and advice
- CARMEN eV for public relations, advice and project appraisal
In 2018 Straubing had 4,673 local businesses. These - mainly small and medium-sized companies - currently have three business parks:
- The port of Straubing-Sand with 220 hectares of industrial and commercial land that can be built immediately. The technology and start-up center of the Straubing-Sand harbor is also located here.
- The Alburg business park with a total area of 141,000 square meters and a direct connection to the B8 federal highway.
- The Straubing-Ost industrial park with a total area of 206 hectares and in the immediate vicinity of the B20 federal road
- Federal highways
- : Aschaffenburg - Würzburg - Nuremberg - Regensburg - Straubing (via feeder B20) - Deggendorf - Passau - ( - Wels - Linz )
- A92 / E53: Munich - Freising - Landshut - Dingolfing - Straubing (via feeder B20) - Deggendorf
- Federal highways
- : Aschaffenburg - Würzburg - Nuremberg - Regensburg - Straubing - Plattling - Vilshofen on the Danube - Passau
- : Furth i. Wald - Cham - Straubing - Landau a. Isar - Eggenfelden - Altötting - Burghausen - Bad Reichenhall - Berchtesgaden
The Straubing train station , which has existed since 1859, and the two stops at Straubing-Ost and Ittling are located in the urban area .
The train connections at a glance:
|Train type||route||Clock frequency|
|Intercity (line 31)||(Fehmarn Castle -) Hamburg - Bremen - Dortmund - Cologne - Koblenz - Frankfurt - Nuremberg - Regensburg - Straubing - Plattling - Passau||once a day, destinations vary between Köln Hbf, Hamburg-Altona and Fehmarn-Burg|
|Intercity Express (ICE)||(Rostock Hbf -) Berlin Hbf (deep) - Erfurt - Coburg - Nürnberg Hbf - Regensburg Hbf - Straubing - Passau Hbf - Linz Hbf - Vienna Hbf||Once a day in each direction|
|Regional train (Gäubodenbahn)||Neufahrn (Lower Bavaria) - Straubing - Bogen||Hourly|
|ag (agilis)||Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate / Ingolstadt - Regensburg - Straubing - Plattling
Straubing - Regensburg - Parsberg
|Hourly, Neumarkt and Ingolstadt Mon – Fri alternating every hour
twice a day at evening commuter time
|as (agilis express train)||Passau - Plattling - Straubing - Regensburg - Ingolstadt - Ulm||Between March and October on weekends and public holidays (bike train)|
|RE (regional express)||Passau - Plattling - Straubing - Regensburg - Nuremberg||Between April and October on weekends and public holidays (bicycle train)|
Local public transport (ÖPNV) has been operated by the Straubinger Stadtwerke since 1992 . The urban area is mainly developed on four main lines and six special lines. The rest of the area is covered by the shared call taxi (AST). The districts of Kagers, Frauenbrünnl and Sand / Hafen can be reached by taxi buses that connect to the local public transport network.
The regional airfield Straubing-Wallmühle is located west of Straubing in the area of the municipality of Atting and is developed as a main airfield for the eastern Bavarian region. It is one of the best developed landing areas in Bavaria. It has a runway with a length of 1,450 m and a width of 30 m and allows instruments to be approached and taken off. With three aeronautical companies (airport administration, airfield restaurant, avionics in Straubing, MT-Propeller, Rieger pilot service), it offers a total of more than 210 jobs. Every year around 60,000 passengers are handled and looked after at around 27,000 take-offs and landings. The share of business travel is more than 50%. Approx. 100 aircraft are stationed in 11 parking halls.
The closest international airport is Munich Airport .
The port is located on the Rhine-Main-Danube waterway and enables connections to the North Sea and the Danube bordering countries Hungary, Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania to the Black Sea. It is a fast-growing inland port and Lower Bavaria's most powerful freight transport center with a focus on the bioeconomy of the future. With the BioCubator and BioCampus facilities, the port of Straubing-Sand offers laboratory, office and industrial space for companies that deal with the material and energetic use of biomass.
Straubing is the international long-distance cycle path Danube bike path (running from the source of the Danube to the mouth) and the European Euro Velo Cycle Path Rivers Route EV 6 (extends over more than 3000 km, six European rivers along the Atlantic to the Black Sea) connected.
Other routes are
- Tour de Baroque: from Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz to Passau (total length 285 km)
- Via Danubia: On Roman tracks along the Danube from Bad Gögging to Passau (total length 220 km)
- Labertal cycle path: from Neufahrn to Straubing (total length 42 km)
- Große Laaberradweg: From the district of Kelheim through the valley of the Große Laaber to Straubing (total length about 83km)
The city of Straubing's cycle path network is currently being expanded with extensive measures. There arise u. a. a crossing-free and traffic-safe east-west connection, covered bicycle parking spaces and a bicycle rental system.
- Mediengruppe Straubinger Tagblatt / Landshuter Zeitung including regional radio AWN as a 100 percent subsidiary
- Wochenblatt (editorial office Straubing)
- Niederbayern TV Deggendorf-Straubing (regional studio Straubing)
The BayernWLAN -Zentrum is located in Straubing (Wittelsbacherhöhe 3) as an office of the State Office for Digitization, Broadband and Surveying. It is the central point for setting up and operating the planned 20,000 free BayernWLAN hotspots in Bavaria.
Education and Research
Universities and colleges
The TUM Campus Straubing for biotechnology and sustainability , which works together with CARMEN and the technology and support center under the umbrella of KoNaRo - Competence Center for Renewable Raw Materials , was originally founded by the Technical University of Munich and the Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University of Applied Sciences . In August 2007 the city of Straubing was awarded the title Science City .
On October 1, 2017, Straubing rose from science city to university city by converting the Straubing Science Center into a campus for biotechnology and sustainability of the Technical University of Munich by decision of the Bavarian State Parliament. Originally planned for 500 study places in 2012, the Free State finally approved the financial support for 1000 study places on the TUM campus after repeated requests from the city of Straubing. 436 students are enrolled at the TUM Straubing Campus for the 2019/2020 winter semester.
The academic training is covered by several bachelor and master degree programs and expanded with doctorates.
Straubing has always been considered a school town. There are six primary schools, four secondary schools, two secondary schools (Jakob-Sandtner-Schule and Realschule der Ursulinen), four grammar schools ( Anton-Bruckner-Gymnasium , Johannes-Turmair-Gymnasium , Ludwigsgymnasium and Gymnasium of the Ursulinen-Schulstiftung ) and two private business schools in Straubing. The Straubing grammar schools are currently attended by around 3,100 students.
In Straubing there is a technical college, a vocational college and three vocational schools. There are five vocational schools, three technical schools and one specialist academy for social education.
The support centers include St. Wolfgang (support focus on intellectual development), the Pope Benedict School (support focus on physical and motor development) and the special educational support center. In the city there is also the institute for the hearing impaired of the district of Lower Bavaria with its two support centers, which moved into a new building for the school year 2009/10.
- Albrecht I (Bavaria) (1336–1404), Duke of Bavaria-Straubing-Holland - built the ducal palace in Straubing
- Agnes Bernauer (1410–1435), bather's daughter drowned in Straubing, lover and possibly first wife of the Bavarian Duke Albrecht III.
- Hanns Georg Fux (1661–1706), sculptor from South Tyrol with the main place of work in Straubing
- Franz Mozart (Mutzhart) (1681–1732), sculptor, great-uncle of the musician Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Mathias Obermayr (1720–1799), sculptor and plasterer - important Rococo artist
- Franz Troglauer (1754–1801), well-known robber captain of the 18th century, was imprisoned in Straubing in 1798
- Joseph Ludwig Graf von Armansperg (1787–1853), Straubing Court of Appeal
- Carl Spitzweg (1808–1885), German Biedermeier painter, lived and worked in Straubing in 1829
sons and daughters of the town
- Arthur Achleitner (1858–1927), writer
- Hans Adlhoch (1884–1945), member of the Reichstag
- Ludwig Ahorner (1930–2007), earthquake geologist
- Karl Bernatz (1831–1898), architect
- Norbert Blößner (* 1959), classical philologist
- Edmund Buchner (1923–2011), ancient historian
- Otto Ritter von Dandl (1868–1942), last chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Bavaria
- Adalbert Ebner (1861–1898), Catholic priest and author
- Eduard Ebner (1877–1924), Germanist, literary historian and teacher
- Christoph Egedacher (1641–1706), organ builder
- Albert Engelschalk (around 1353–1430), theologian, professor at the Universities of Prague and Vienna
- Fritz Erk (1857-1919), meteorologist
- Elli Erl (* 1979), singer, winner of Germany is looking for the superstar 2004
- Eduard Feneberg (* 1931), athlete
- Mathias von Flurl (1756–1823), founder of Bavarian mineralogy and geology
- Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787–1826), optician and physicist
- Klaus von Gaffron (1946–2017), photo artist
- Christian Gerhaher (* 1969), baritone singer
- Franz Gerstbrein (* 1959), musician, arranger and composer
- Rex Gildo (1936–1999), pop singer
- Uwe Gospodarek (* 1973), former soccer goalkeeper and today's coach
- Wilhelm Grau (1910–2000), historian and publisher, anti-Semitic functionary
- Leonhard Gruber (1740–1810 / 11), Abbé Gruber, theologian and university professor
- Gustl Gstettenbaur (1914–1996), actor
- Maxi Gstettenbauer (* 1988), comedian
- Gerda Hasselfeldt (* 1950), Vice President of the German Bundestag, former Federal Minister
- Oliver Hein (* 1990), soccer player
- Rudolf Heiss (1903–2009), engineer, pioneer in food technology and university lecturer
- Karl Hofmann (1900–1954), Catholic theologian, canon lawyer and university professor
- Rudolf Hofmann (1904–1994), moral theologian
- Simon Höller (1601–1675), pharmacist and mayor of Straubing
- Daniel Huber (* 1985), ice hockey goalkeeper
- Gerold Huber (* 1969), pianist
- Bernd Jahnke (* 1972), pool player
- Michael Jurack (* 1979), judoka and bronze medal winner at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens
- Thomas R. Karmann (* 1973), church historian
- Michael Karoli (1948–2001), guitarist of the herb rock band Can
- Christian Karpfinger (* 1968), mathematician and university professor
- Mathias Kellner (* 1984), musician
- Ewa Klamt (* 1950), CDU politician
- Walter Koch (* 1955), banker, historian and company archivist
- Robert Kothe (1869–1947), lawyer, composer, poet, violinist, actor and singer
- Heinrich Leistenschneider (* 1986), karateka
- Franz Xaver Lerno (1849–1920), member of the Reichstag and Landtag
- Jo Lindinger (1907–1995), head of equipment, set designer, painter and graphic artist
- Michael Lorenz (1828–1901), Roman Catholic clergyman and monastery administrator
- Andreas Lupzig (* 1968), former German national ice hockey player and most recently captain of the Straubing Tigers
- Daniel Lupzig (* 1989), ice hockey player
- Margot Mahler (1945–1997), actress
- Oskar Mahler (* 1952), artist, actor and puppet theater player
- Franz Xaver Maßl (1800–1852), Roman Catholic clergyman and theologian, preacher in the city
- Siegfried Mauser (* 1954), pianist and musicologist
- Ludwig Mayr-Falkenberg (1893–1962), diplomat and district administrator
- Thomas Naogeorg (1508–1563), playwright of the Reformation period
- Friedrich Niedermayer (1856–1942), architect and ministerial advisor
- Sepp Oerter (1870–1928), Prime Minister of the Free State of Braunschweig
- Franz Raml (* 1964), organist, harpsichordist, conductor
- Claus Richter (* 1948), journalist
- Jakob Sandtner (16th century), master turner
- Richard Schachner (1873–1936), architect, rector of the Technical University of Munich
- Reinhard Schaefer (* 1928), retired general practitioner D. the Bundeswehr
- Emanuel Schikaneder (1751–1812), actor, director, theater director and librettist of the Magic Flute
- Ulrich Schmidl (1510–1580 / 81), patrician, mercenary, explorer, chronicler and councilor
- Christian Schmiedbauer ("Landrömer", * 1976), comic artist
- Christoph Schubert (* 1970), classical philologist
- Bernd Sibler (* 1971), politician
- Marc Sieber (* 1988), tennis player
- Maximilian von Spreti (1766–1819), general in the Bavarian army
- Thomas Stellmach (* 1965), director and Oscar winner
- Alois von Ströhl (1760–1836), Bavarian lieutenant general and city commander of Munich
- Anton Trieb (1883–1954), watercolor painter, draftsman, illustrator and graphic artist
- Johanna Uekermann (* 1987), politician (SPD), deputy chairwoman of the BayernSPD
- Oskar Vierling (1904–1986), physicist, inventor, entrepreneur and university professor
- Michael Vogtmann (* 1952), actor and director
- Alexander Maria Wagner (* 1995), composer and pianist
- Markus Weinzierl (* 1974), former soccer player and today's coach
- Hanni Wenzel (* 1956), ski racer
- Hans Zeiss (1895–1944), founder of early medieval archeology
Associated with Straubing
- Hannes Ringlstetter (* 1970), cabaret artist, grew up in the Alburg district
- Thomas Schneider (* 1972), German soccer player and coach
- Hubert Freilinger: Straubing. About the historical status of a young old city. Deutscher Sparkassenverlag, Stuttgart 1991, ISBN 3-09-303988-6 .
- Alfons Huber, Dorit-Maria Krenn: Straubing. The heart of old Bavaria. Attenkofer, Straubing 2005, ISBN 3-936511-08-X .
- Alfons Huber, Johannes Prammer (Ed.): 1100 Years of Straubing 897–1997. Historical association for Straubing and the surrounding area, Straubing 1998, ISBN 3-00-002752-1 .
- Alfons Huber, Johannes Prammer (ed.): 650 years of the Duchy of Lower Bavaria-Straubing-Holland. Historical association for Straubing and the surrounding area, Straubing 2005, ISBN 3-00-014600-8 .
- Johannes Prammer: The Roman Straubing. Excavations - Treasure Find. Gäubodenmuseum. Schnell & Steiner, Munich / Zurich 1989, ISBN 3-7954-0759-1 .
- Dorit-Maria Krenn: Small Straubing City History. Pustet, Regensburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-7917-2417-1 .
- Werner Schäfer, Manfred Bernhard: Art history of the city of Straubing. Attenkofer, Straubing 2014, ISBN 978-3-942742-25-2 .
- Franz Sebastian Meidinger: Description of the electoral main and government cities in Niederbauern Landshut and Straubing. With a considerable collection of paintings from the churches of various cities and high prelatures , Landshut 1787 ( Google ).
- Official website of the city of Straubing
- Literature by and about Straubing in the catalog of the German National Library
- Entry on the Straubing coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- TUM - Campus for Biotechnology and Sustainability. Straubing becomes a university town .
- Genesis database of the State Office for Statistics in Bavaria
- City of Straubing: Statistical Report 2020. City of Straubing, accessed on August 6, 2020 .
- Straubing Religion , 2011 census
- Statistical Report 2019 Demographics, page 15 , accessed on August 10, 2019
- Straubing number of church members sinks to a new all-time low
- Peter Widmann: On the edges of cities. Berlin 2001, p. 12.
- On the medieval history of Straubing see Werner Schäfer: Straubing in the 14th century. Volk, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-86222-067-0 .
- Dorit-Maria Krenn: Little Straubing City History . 1st edition. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-7917-2417-1 , p. 110 f .
- Dorit-Maria Krenn: Little Straubing City History . 1st edition. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-7917-2417-1 , p. 92 .
- Memorial for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , pp. 194f.
- Toni Siegert: End of the war in 1945 in northeast Bavaria . Bodner, Pressath 1995, ISBN 3-926817-38-0 .
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 603 .
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 577 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 603 .
- france-allemagne.fr: 9th Franco-German Council of Ministers, accessed on June 26, 2020
- sueddeutsche.de: A historic day for Straubing accessed on June 26, 2020
- Fraunhofer project group starts work . In: Straubinger Tagblatt . August 1, 2009, p. 35 ( online [PDF]).
- University: Seehofer makes Straubing a university town. Bayerischer Rundfunk, September 29, 2017, archived from the original on October 7, 2017 ; accessed on October 7, 2017 .
- sueddeutsche.de: How the Straubing town hall is built
- Election result of March 15, 2020. wahl.info, March 16, 2020, accessed on March 16, 2020 .
- web.archive.org ( Memento from April 29, 2016 in the Internet Archive ).
- OB candidate of the AfD in Straubing resigns from the party. March 3, 2020, accessed May 9, 2020 .
- Entry on Straubing's coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 6, 2017 .
- Festival website .
- Information page of the city administration on the citizens' festival .
- Straubing »Culture, Sport & Leisure» Events »Venues. In: www.straubing.de. Retrieved November 29, 2016 .
- Structural data of the urban district of Straubing. December 31, 2019, accessed April 30, 2020 .
- Numbers and data from the city of Straubing. Accessed April 30, 2020 .
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- Gross domestic product per inhabitant: Germany in figures. Accessed April 30, 2020 .
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- KoNaRo - Competence Center for Renewable Raw Materials. Accessed April 30, 2020 (German).
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- History. Accessed April 30, 2020 (German).
- Straubing »Economy & Science» Location »Infrastructure. Accessed April 30, 2020 .
- Logistics wharf. In: Straubing-Sand harbor. Accessed April 30, 2020 (German).
- Bio-Kai - Straubing-Sand harbor Bio-Kai Straubing-Sand harbor. In: Straubing-Sand harbor. Accessed April 30, 2020 (German).
- DanubePath. Retrieved April 27, 2017 .
- admin: EuroVelo 6: Explore European rivers by bike! - EuroVelo. Retrieved April 27, 2017 (English).
- Straubing »Culture, Sport & Leisure» Sport & Leisure »Leisure Offers. Accessed April 30, 2020 .
- Straubing »Citizens & Social Affairs» Current Issues »2018. Accessed April 30, 2020 .
- Bavarian Surveying Administration - Broadband - BayernWLAN Zentrum Straubing. Accessed April 30, 2020 .
- Overview of the Straubing emergency money
- School database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture