Donau-Ries district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Donau-Ries district Map of Germany, position of the Donau-Ries district highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 46 '  N , 10 ° 45'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Swabia
Administrative headquarters : Donauwörth
Area : 1,274.68 km 2
Residents: 133,783 (Dec 31, 2019)
Population density : 105 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : DON, Lower Austria
Circle key : 09 7 79
Circle structure: 44 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Pflegestrasse 2
86609 Donauwörth
Website :
District Administrator : Stefan Rößle ( CSU )
Location of the Donau-Ries district in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture
View over the Ries with Niederhaus Castle in the background
The landscape of the Ries around Ederheim

The district of Donau-Ries is the northernmost district of the Bavarian administrative district of Swabia and lies on the state border with Baden-Württemberg .



The district of Donau-Ries includes the Nördlinger Ries in the northwest , an almost circular basin landscape sunk into the low mountain range of the Swabian-Franconian Jura, whose diameter is about 22 km. The Ries owes its existence to a meteorite impact , the so-called Ries event .

The Franconian Alb joins the Ries in the east . In the south it falls to the Danube-Lech area, which geologically belongs to the Riesalb . The Danube brushes the southern district area from west to east. There lies the large district town of Donauwörth , in whose urban area the Zusam and Schmutter coming from the south and the Wörnitz flowing from the north flow. The Wörnitz flows through the district from north to south and takes in the Eger from the west at Heroldingen (city of Harburg ) . In the south-east of the district near Marxheim , the Lech flowing in from the south flows into the Danube.

Neighboring areas

Neighboring districts are the district of Ansbach and the district of Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen in the north, the district of Eichstätt in the northeast, the district of Neuburg-Schrobenhausen in the east, the districts of Aichach-Friedberg , Augsburg and Dillingen an der Donau in the south and the districts of Baden-Württemberg in the west Heidenheim and Ostalbkreis .


Regional courts

Before 1800, today's Donau-Ries district was largely part of the Principality of Oettingen and the imperial city of Nördlingen . In 1803 and 1806 the area became part of Bavaria. In 1803 the Monheim Regional Court, the Nördlingen Regional Court and the Oettingen Regional Court in 1805 and the Donauwörth Regional Court in 1807 were established. From 1808 they belonged to the Altmühlkreis or Oberdonaukreis and from 1810 to the Oberdonaukreis. In 1809 Nördlingen became a city in the immediate vicinity of a district. From 1838 onwards, all regional and sovereign courts belonged to the district of Schwaben and Neuburg, today's administrative district of Swabia . In 1850 Donauwörth also became a city in the immediate vicinity of a district. In 1852 the regional court of the same name was formed from the Oettingen court .

District Offices

In 1862 the Donauwörth and Monheim districts became the Donauwörth district, the Donauwörth district court became the Donauwörth district and district court and the Nördlingen and Oettingen districts became the Nördlingen district. In 1879/80 the Donauwörth district was changed slightly by adding seven communities to the Neuburg an der Donau district. The area south of the Danube and east of the Lech, which was incorporated into the new district in 1972, belonged to the Aichach district from 1862 to 1879 and to the Neuburg an der Donau district from 1880.


On January 1, 1939, as everywhere in the German Reich, the designation district was introduced. The district offices became the districts of Donauwörth and Nördlingen.

In 1940 the immediate district towns of Donauwörth and Nördlingen were incorporated into the districts, but this was reversed in the case of Nördlingen in 1949.

Donau-Ries district

As part of the regional reform in Bavaria , the new district of Nördlingen-Donauwörth was formed on July 1, 1972 from the following components :

On May 1, 1973, the new district was renamed the Donau-Ries district . The provisional district seat was Nördlingen, but in 1973 Donauwörth was established as the district seat.

On May 1, 1978, the Ensfeld community moved from the Donau-Ries district to the Eichstätt district and was incorporated into Mörnsheim . On the same day, the communities Ammerfeld and Emskeim moved to the district of Neuburg-Schrobenhausen and were incorporated into the market town of Rennertshofen .

On January 1, 1998, Donauwörth was also declared a major district town, as this town was also independent until 1940.

Population development

The Donau-Ries district gained around 12,000 inhabitants between 1988 and 2008, or grew by around 10%. From 2006 onwards, the trend was down, and since 2010 it has increased again slightly.

The following figures refer to the territorial status on May 25, 1987.

Population development
year 1840 1900 1939 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2018 2019
Residents 77.032 78,953 82,217 122.161 111,949 116,709 117,483 122,867 127,632 129,865 130,969 128,867 131,345 135,000 133,783

Economy and Transport

In the 2016 future atlas , the Donau-Ries district was ranked 150th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix”.

In October 2018, the unemployment rate in the Donau-Ries district was 1.5%. In December 2019, the district had the third-lowest unemployment rate in Germany after Eichstätt (1.4%) and Pfaffenhofen (1.5%) with 1.6%.


The district has no share of motorways. The most important traffic axes are the federal highways.

In a north-south direction, the B 2 crosses the district, coming from Nuremberg (connection to the A 6 ) north of Monheim, reaching the district area and leaving it past Buchdorf, Kaisheim, Donauwörth and Asbach-Bäumenheim south of Mertingen in the direction of Augsburg (Connection to A 8 ).

The most important west-east connection is the B 16 . It reaches Günzburg from the west (connection to the A 8) near Tapfheim and passes Donauwörth, Asbach-Bäumenheim and Genderkingen, before continuing east of Rain towards Ingolstadt (connection to the A 9).

North of Donauwörth, the B 25 branches off from the B 2 . It runs first in a north-westerly direction past Harburg through Möttingen and then on via Nördlingen, Wallerstein, Marktoffingen and Fremdingen to the north in the direction of Dinkelsbühl (connection to the A 7 ).

From the south-west (from Heidenheim an der Brenz ) to the north-east (towards Ansbach ) the B 466 runs through the district and touches Ederheim, Nördlingen, Oettingen and Hainsfarth.

The B 29 runs from Nördlingen in a westerly direction via Aalen (connection to the A 7) to Waiblingen .


The north-south railway line Augsburg – Gunzenhausen – Nuremberg, built by the Bavarian state, reached Donauwörth in 1844 and was extended in 1849 via Nördlingen to Gunzenhausen .

The Württemberg -Bad Cannstatt – Nördlingen railway and the Nördlingen – Dombühl railway were opened in 1876.

With the Ingolstadt – Neuoffingen railway line , which was opened to Donauwörth in 1874, an important railway junction was also created here; the route was continued to Höchstädt in 1877.

State local railway lines were built in 1903 from Nördlingen to Wemding and in 1905 from Mertingen train station to Wertingen .

The direct route from Treuchtlingen to Donauwörth over the Alb with the Fünfstetten – Monheim branch has only been used since 1906. This created a rail network with a length of 166 km.

Passenger traffic on five local railways with a length of 68 km was stopped relatively late:

  • 1960: Fünfstetten – Monheim 6 km
  • 1981: Mertingen train station – Wertingen 5 km and Nördlingen – Wemding 17 km
  • 1985: Gunzenhausen – Nördlingen 23 km and Dombühl – Dinkelsbühl – Nördlingen 17 km

After all, almost 100 km of important routes have been preserved; furthermore, there will be tourist traffic on 40 km of railways - e.g. Sometimes with steam trains - offered.

Donauwörth is the only train station in the district that is connected to the ICE and IC networks. Since the opening of the high-speed line Nuremberg – Ingolstadt – Munich , however, there have been significantly fewer high-speed trains .

power supply

In 2017, the district covered 97% of its own electricity consumption from renewable energies in the region. All renewable energy sources taken together - solar power, wind power, biomass and hydropower - are generated in the district 6,275 kWh per inhabitant of renewable electricity. The CO₂ emissions in the Donau-Ries are 30 percent below the Bavarian average per capita. The district's energy use plan aims to further expand renewable energies.


District Administrator

  • July 1, 1972 to April 30, 1984 Andreas Popp (PWG), was district administrator of the Donauwörth district from 1958 to 1972
  • May 1, 1984 to April 30, 2002 Alfons Braun ( SPD )
  • Since May 1st, 2002 Stefan Rößle (CSU)

District council

Distribution of seats in the district council of the Donau-Ries district ( local election 2020 ):

CSU 21 seats
GREEN 8 seats
AfD 3 seats
SPD 7 seats
FDP 1 seat
Party-free voter group PWG e. V. 6 seats
Active List / Young Citizens e. V. 4 seats
Donau-Rieser Frauenliste e. V. 1 seat
ÖDP 2 seats
LEFT 1 seat

Distribution of seats in the district council of the Donau-Ries district ( municipal election 2014 ):

CSU 23 seats
SPD 10 seats
Free voters 3 seats
GREEN 5 seats
Party-free voter group PWG e. V. 7 seats
Active List / Young Citizens e. V. 5 seats
Donau-Rieser Frauenliste e. V. 2 seats
LEFT 1 seat
ÖDP 2 seats
50plus active 1 seat
FDP 1 seat

Debt Free County

Since the end of October 2017, the Donau-Ries district is the only one in Bavaria that has been completely free of loans, securities debts or obligations from legal transactions similar to credit. The district levy has been gradually reduced since then.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Donau-Ries district
Blazon : "Divided: above in gold a growing red armed black eagle, split below, in front in red a gold St. Andrew's cross , behind the Bavarian diamonds."


(Residents on December 31, 2019)


  1. Donauwörth , large district town (19,590)
  2. Harburg (Swabia) (5561)
  3. Monheim (5149)
  4. Nördlingen , large district town (20,546)
  5. Oettingen i.Bay. (5151)
  6. Rain (8891)
  7. Wemding (5828)


  1. Kaisheim (3888)
  2. Wallerstein (3390)

Unregulated areas (21.18 km²)

  1. Dornstadt-Linkersbaindt (17.95 km²)
  2. Esterholz (3.23 km²)

Dornstadt-Linkersbaindt Dornstadt-Linkersbaindt Esterholz (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Rain (Lech) Münster (Lech) Holzheim (Landkreis Donau-Ries) Oberndorf am Lech Mertingen Donauwörth Asbach-Bäumenheim Genderkingen Niederschönenfeld Marxheim Tagmersheim Rögling Monheim (Schwaben) Kaisheim Buchdorf Daiting Fremdingen Auhausen Oettingen in Bayern Hainsfarth Ehingen am Ries Tapfheim Marktoffingen Maihingen Megesheim Munningen Wolferstadt Wallerstein Nördlingen Reimlingen Ederheim Forheim Amerdingen Wemding Wechingen Harburg (Schwaben) Hohenaltheim Deiningen Alerheim Otting Fünfstetten Huisheim Mönchsdeggingen Möttingen Baden-Württemberg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Dillingen an der DonauMunicipalities in DON.svg
About this picture

Other communities

  1. Alerheim (1666)
  2. Amerdingen (849)
  3. Asbach-Bäumenheim (4727)
  4. Auhausen (1014)
  5. Buchdorf (1849)
  6. Daiting (794)
  7. Deiningen (1814)
  8. Ederheim (1138)
  9. Ehingen a.Ries (776)
  10. Forheim (557)
  11. Fremdingen (2067)
  12. Fünfstetten (1304)
  13. Genderkingen (1202)
  14. Hainsfarth (1423)
  15. Hohenaltheim (589)
  16. Holzheim (1150)
  17. Huisheim (1640)
  18. Maihingen (1212)
  19. Marktoffingen (1311)
  20. Marxheim (2608)
  21. Megesheim (808)
  22. Mertingen (4045)
  23. Mönchsdeggingen (1415)
  24. Möttingen (2605)
  25. Munningen (1745)
  26. Munster (1187)
  27. Niederschönenfeld (1515)
  28. Oberndorf a.Lech (2572)
  29. Otting (785)
  30. Reimlingen (1306)
  31. Rögling (660)
  32. Tagmersheim (1098)
  33. Tapfheim (3828)
  34. Wechingen (1432)
  35. Wolferstadt (1098)

Administrative communities

  1. Monheim
    (City of Monheim and communities of Buchdorf, Daiting, Rögling and Tagmersheim)
  2. Oettingen in Bavaria
    (City of Oettingen i.Bay. And communities of Auhausen, Ehingen a.Ries, Hainsfarth, Megesheim and Munningen)
  3. Rain
    (City of Rain and communities of Genderkingen, Holzheim, Münster and Niederschönenfeld)
  4. Ries based in Nördlingen
    (communities Alerheim, Amerdingen, Deiningen, Ederheim, Forheim, Hohenaltheim, Mönchsdeggingen, Reimlingen and Wechingen)
  5. Wallerstein
    (Market Wallerstein and the communities of Maihingen and Marktoffingen)
  6. Wemding
    (City of Wemding and communities of Fünfstetten, Huisheim, Otting and Wolferstadt)

See also

Protected areas

There are six nature reserves , 22 landscape protection areas , 17 FFH areas and at least 43 geotopes designated by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (as of August 2016) in the district.

See also:

License Plate

On August 5, 1974, the district was assigned the DON , which has been valid since July 1, 1956 for the Donauwörth district. It is still issued today.

Until the 2000s, vehicles from the old district of Nördlingen received license plates with the letter pairs NA to ZZ and the numbers from 1 to 99, later also 100 to 999.

Since July 10, 2013 , the distinctive sign of Lower Austria (Nördlingen) has also been available.


  • Walter Barsig , Hermann Keßler, Bernd Lerch, Emmeran Meyer, Klemens Stannek u. a .: Landkreis Donau-Ries , Donauwörth 1991, 832 pages, ISBN 3-403-02118-1
  • Lutz Simon: Watercolors from the Donau-Ries , Rain 1994, ISBN 3-927496-24-3
  • Wilfried Sponsel u. a .: District of Donau-Ries, nature and culture in a unique landscape , Donauwörth 2008, ISBN 978-3-935438-60-5

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Donau-Ries  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 97 .
  3. ^ Ordinance on the reorganization of Bavaria into rural districts and independent cities of December 27, 1971
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 602 .
  5. Population development in the Donau-Ries district
  6. Population development in the Donau-Ries district
  7. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. ^ Article in Wirtschaftsleben Schwaben on October 18, 2018 , accessed on March 18, 2020.
  9. Local election 2020 on the website of the Donau-Ries district office. Retrieved March 18, 2020
  10. ^ Election to the district council in 779 Donau-Ries . Internet offer of the Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing. Retrieved March 28, 2014
  11. Süddeutsche Zeitung of November 16, 2017 , accessed on March 18, 2020
  12. Entry on the coat of arms of the Donau-Ries district  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on August 29, 2017 .
  13. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).