District of Munich

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Munich Map of Germany, position of the district of Munich highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 4 '  N , 11 ° 38'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
Administrative headquarters : Munich
Area : 664.25 km 2
Residents: 350,473 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 528 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : M , AIB , WOR
Circle key : 09 1 84
Circle structure: 29 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Mariahilfplatz 17
81541 Munich
Website : www.landkreis-muenchen.de
District Administrator : Christoph Göbel ( CSU )
Location of the district of Munich in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture
Farmhouse in Großdingharting

The District of Munich , with around 350,000 inhabitants, the most populous county in the state of Bavaria . It is located in the middle of the administrative district of Upper Bavaria and encloses the city of Munich to the north, east and south . The largest municipality in the district is Unterschleißheim .

The administrative seat is the state capital Munich, which is independent and therefore not part of the district.



The district lies essentially in the Munich gravel plain , which is cut through in the south by the high bank of the Isar .

Neighboring areas

The district borders in a clockwise direction in the northwest on the districts of Dachau , Freising , Erding , Ebersberg , Rosenheim , Miesbach , Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen , Starnberg and Fürstenfeldbruck .


City and regional courts

In 1803, the Munich Regional Court was formed in the area of ​​today's Munich district . It was responsible for the Munich area. The Munich City Court was in place for the urban area from 1804, and from 1809 Munich became a city ​​in the immediate vicinity with its own police director. The Munich city and regional court belonged to the Isarkkreis , which was renamed Upper Bavaria in 1838 . The Munich Regional Court was split up as early as 1831. The new district court Au was created. After the incorporation of Au , Giesing and Haidhausen into the city of Munich on October 1, 1854, the city court “Munich right of the Isar” was created for the new parts of the city. At the same time, the regional courts in the surrounding area were reorganized: the Munich regional court became the “Munich regional court on the left of the Isar” and the remaining municipalities of the previous Au regional court became the “Munich right der Isar regional court”.

District Offices

The district offices of the same name emerged from these two regional courts in 1862 when administration and justice were separated. The District Office of Munich on the left of the Isar was also assigned the Starnberg District Court and the District Office of Munich on the right of the Isar was assigned the District Court of Wolfratshausen. Ramersdorf was incorporated into Munich on January 1, 1864, and Sendling on January 1, 1877 .

The district offices of Munich on the left of the Isar and Munich on the right of the Isar were dissolved on January 1, 1880 and two new district offices were established: Munich I comprised the jurisdiction of the District Court of Munich II and Munich II comprised the jurisdiction of the District Courts of Starnberg and Wolfratshausen. In the period that followed, the District Office of Munich I gave further communities to the City of Munich; on January 1, 1890 Neuhausen , on November 20, 1890 the city of Schwabing , on January 1, 1892 Bogenhausen , on January 1, 1899 Nymphenburg and on January 1, 1900 Laim and Thalkirchen .

On October 1, 1902, the Munich II district office was dissolved and divided into the two new district offices of Starnberg and Wolfratshausen . At the same time the District Office Munich I was renamed District Office Munich.

On January 1, 1912, the municipality of Forstenried , which had previously been part of the Munich District Office, was incorporated into the city of Munich. Milbertshofen was added on April 1, 1913 . Berg am Laim , Moosach and Oberföhring followed on July 1, 1913. On January 1, 1930, Daglfing and Perlach were incorporated into the state capital. On October 1, 1931, the Freimann community was added, and Trudering on April 1, 1932 . On April 1, 1938, Feldmoching , Großhadern and the city of Pasing were awarded the state capital and on December 1, 1938 Allach , Ludwigsfeld , Obermenzing , Solln and Untermenzing followed .


On January 1, 1939, the term district was uniformly introduced in the German Reich . So the district office of Munich became the district of Munich.

On April 1, 1942, the communities of Aubing and Langwied were separated from the district of Munich and incorporated into the city of Munich.

District of Munich

As part of the regional reform in Bavaria , the district was enlarged on July 1, 1972. From the dissolved Wolfratshausen district came the eight communities Arget (now part of the community Sauerlach ), Baierbrunn , Dingharting (1978 part of Straßlach ), Eichenhausen (now part of Sauerlach), Oberbiberg (now part of Oberhaching ), Sauerlach, Schäftlarn and Straßlach (today Straßlach-Dingharting ) as well as the community-free area Deisenhofener Forst-Süd (today to Oberhaching) to the district and from the disbanded district of Bad Aibling the community of Helfendorf (today to Aying ) and the community-free area Hofoldinger Forst -Süd. The district thus reached its current size.

Population development

Population development in the Munich district since 1840

From 1987 to 2016, the Munich district gained over 90,000 residents or grew by around 37%. The number of inhabitants has more than doubled since 1970.

The following figures refer to the territorial status on May 25, 1987.

Population development
year 1840 1900 1939 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2016 2019
Residents 12,393 20,521 59,377 96,475 123.369 168,336 249,784 271,615 279.007 295,247 309.080 323.015 343,405 350,473

Denomination statistics

While in the past the residents were predominantly Catholic, the proportion of Catholics fell due to the influx of people of different faiths and withdrawals. According to the 2011 census , 16.5% of the population were Protestant , 42.7% Roman Catholic and 40.8% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then and with 47% the people who do not belong to a legally or corporately constituted religious community are a majority of the population. In 2017, of the around 345,000 inhabitants, 135,708 (39%) were Catholic, 49,347 (14%) were Protestant and 47% were non-denominational or belonged to other religions and denominations.

Economy, science, infrastructure

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district of Munich took first place out of 402 districts and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the districts with “top future opportunities”.

Economic focus

Unterföhring, near the television studios of Bavarian Radio in Munich-Freimann, is a center of the media industry. The Max Planck Institutes for Biochemistry and Neurobiology in Martinsried have attracted numerous biotech and pharmaceutical companies to relocate and start up in Planegg. In the large industrial area Garching-Hochbrück there are so far only a few, small spin-offs from the Garching research campus; so far, the automotive industry has predominated in Hochbrück.

Listed companies (based in the district)






The Garching University and Research Center is the largest campus of the Technical University of Munich and the seat of many university and non-university research institutions.

Traffic history


The independent city of Munich, which the district partially encloses, is the largest railway junction in Bavaria. The development began in 1839 with the opening of the Munich-Augsburg Railway , which was soon connected to the Ludwig-Süd-Nord-Bahn .

From 1854 the state-run Bavarian Maximiliansbahn established the connection via Holzkirchen to Rosenheim in the foothills of the Alps. The Pasing-Starnberg Railway also ran south to Lake Starnberg in 1854 . The AG der Bayerischen Ostbahnen started operations in 1858 from Munich to Freising – Landshut – Regensburg . The connection to Ingolstadt came about through a route operated by the Bavarian State Railways in 1867. Then in 1871 the direct train to Rosenheim via Grafing and the line via Mühldorf to Simbach followed .

The last main line from Munich was built in 1873 in the direction of Geltendorf – Buchloe . In the following years the network was consolidated and supplemented by branch lines, for example. B. 1909 to Ismaning . The Lokalbahn AG Munich opened the 1891/92 Isartalbahnhof from the electric train to Wolfratshausen-Bichl that already from 1900 until Hollriegelskreuth has been operated electrically -Grünwald. Numerous ring and connecting railways were built in the city for freight traffic. From around 1970 the S-Bahn lines were expanded , the core of which is the tunnel between the main train station and the Ostbahnhof through the city center.

Road network

Sections of the federal motorways A 8 (Munich– Salzburg ), A 9 (Munich– Nuremberg ), A 92 (Munich– Deggendorf ), A 94 (Munich– Passau ), A 95 (Munich– Garmisch-Partenkirchen ), A run through the district 96 (Munich- Lindau ), A 995 (Munich- Giesing to the Munich-South motorway junction) and the Munich ring road ( A 99 ). The supra-local transport network is completed by several federal highways and state roads.


District election 2020
Turnout: 59.8% (+ 6.0% p)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-4.9  % p
-10.3  % p
+ 10.1  % p
-1.1  % p
-0.6  % p
+ 0.5  % p
+1.8  % p
+ 4.6  % p

District administrators

Christoph Göbel (CSU) has been the district administrator of the Munich district since May 1, 2014. He prevailed in 2020 with 64.1% against the candidate of the Greens, Christoph Nadler, in the runoff election.

District council

Distribution of seats in the district council
A total of 70 seats

Under the seats of the CSU is that of the district administrator.

The district council consists of 70 district councilors and the district administrator. The local elections on March 15, 2020 resulted in the following result:

Political party Voting share Seats
CSU 36.6% 26
plus district administrator
GREEN 26.1% 19th
SPD 13.2% 9
FW 10.4% 7th
AfD 4.6% 3
FDP 4.3% 3
ÖDP 3.0% 2
The left 1.8% 1

Member of the Landtag and Bundestag


The district of Munich is divided into two constituencies.

The directly elected member of the state parliament in the district of Munich-Land-Nord is Ernst Weidenbusch (CSU). The directly elected member of the state parliament in the district of Munich-Land-Süd is Kerstin Schreyer (CSU).

In addition, the following were elected to the state parliament from the district of Munich:


Bundestag constituency Munich-Land
(since 2017 congruent with the Munich district)

The directly elected member of the Bundestag is Florian Hahn (CSU). Jimmy Schulz ( FDP ), Anton Hofreiter ( Greens ), Gerold Otten (AfD) and Eva Schreiber ( Die Linke ) entered the Bundestag via the state list . Jimmy Schulz passed away on November 25, 2019. Bela Bach (SPD) is due to move up to the Bundestag on January 1, 2020.

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district of Munich shows a split shield, in front the Bavarian diamonds in silver and blue, in the back divided by black and gold; covered with a silver wave bar. The coat of arms has been used since the ministerial approval of April 3, 1957.

The diamonds stand for the Wittelsbachers and for Bavaria , gold and black for the city of Munich. The wave bar symbolizes the Isar river , which runs through the district.


Starnberger See Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Erding Landkreis Freising Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Dachau München Forstenrieder Park Grünwalder Forst Brunnthal Höhenkirchen-Siegertsbrunn Perlacher Forst Aschheim Aying Baierbrunn Brunnthal Feldkirchen (Landkreis München) Garching bei München Gräfelfing Grasbrunn Grünwald Haar (bei München) Höhenkirchen-Siegertsbrunn Hohenbrunn Ismaning Kirchheim bei München Neubiberg Neuried (bei München) Oberschleißheim Ottobrunn Planegg Pullach im Isartal Putzbrunn Sauerlach Schäftlarn Straßlach-Dingharting Taufkirchen (bei München) Unterföhring Unterhaching Unterschleißheim OberhachingMunicipalities in M.svg
About this picture

(Residents on December 31, 2019)


  1. Garching near Munich (17,760)
  2. Unterschleissheim (28,950)

No administrative

communities Unregulated areas (69.97 km²)

  1. Forstenrieder Park (37.08 km²)
  2. Grünwalder Forest (19.53 km²)
  3. Perlacher Forest (13.36 km²)

Former unincorporated areas

  1. Forst Kasten (5.90 km²) - dissolved on January 1, 2002
  2. Deisenhofener Forest (11.83 km²) - dissolved on January 1, 2010
  3. Hofoldinger Forest (27.23 km²) - dissolved on January 1, 2011
  4. Höhenkirchener Forst (14.32 km²) - dissolved on January 1, 2011

Other communities

  1. Aschheim (9306)
  2. Aying (5420)
  3. Baierbrunn (3269)
  4. Brunnthal (5527)
  5. Feldkirchen (7552)
  6. Graefelfing (13,766)
  7. Grasbrunn (6927)
  8. Grünwald (11,270)
  9. Hair (21,476)
  10. Hohenbrunn (8786)
  11. Höhenkirchen-Siegertsbrunn (10,880)
  12. Ismaning (17,376)
  13. Kirchheim near Munich (12,811)
  14. Neubiberg (14,785)
  15. Neuried (8623)
  16. Oberhaching (13,745)
  17. Oberschleissheim (11,833)
  18. Ottobrunn (21,694)
  19. Planegg (11,100)
  20. Pullach im Isar Valley (9030)
  21. Putzbrunn (6689)
  22. Sauerlach (8228)
  23. Schäftlarn (5846)
  24. Straßlach-Dingharting (3254)
  25. Taufkirchen (18.001)
  26. Unterfoehring (11,284)
  27. Unterhaching (25,285)

Municipalities of the district before the territorial reform 1971/78

Before the regional reform in 1972, the Munich district had 30 municipalities. In 1900 there were 47 parishes. 19 of these congregations were incorporated into Munich in the first half of the 20th century , and two new congregations were founded. The churches that still exist today are in bold .

The District of Munich marginalized before the municipal reform at the county-level city of Munich and the following counties (clockwise) the district of Freising , County Erding , Ebersberg , district of Bad Aibling , district Wolfratshausen , Starnberg , Fürstenfeldbruck district and district Dachau .

Location in Bavaria
Parishes in 1900 Parishes before 1972 today's parish today's district
Allach Munich (incorporated in 1938) Munich Munich
Aschheim Aschheim Aschheim District of Munich
Aubing Munich (incorporated in 1942) Munich Munich
Berg am Laim Munich (incorporated in 1913) Munich Munich
Brunnthal Brunnthal Brunnthal District of Munich
Daglfing Munich (incorporated in 1930) Munich Munich
Dornach Dornach Aschheim District of Munich
Feldkirchen Feldkirchen Feldkirchen District of Munich
Feldmoching Munich (incorporated in 1938) Munich Munich
Forstenried Munich (incorporated in 1912) Munich Munich
Freimann Munich (incorporated in 1931) Munich Munich
Garching near Munich Garching near Munich Garching near Munich District of Munich
Graefelfing Graefelfing Graefelfing District of Munich
Grasbrunn Grasbrunn Grasbrunn District of Munich
Großhadern Munich (incorporated in 1938) Munich Munich
Grünwald Grünwald Grünwald District of Munich
Salmdorf Haar (renamed 1924) hair District of Munich
Harthausen (reorganization of the
community from parts of
Grasbrunn in 1907)
Grasbrunn District of Munich
Heimstetten Heimstetten Kirchheim near Munich District of Munich
Hofolding Hofolding Brunnthal District of Munich
Hohenbrunn Hohenbrunn Hohenbrunn District of Munich
Höhenkirchen Höhenkirchen Höhenkirchen-Siegertsbrunn District of Munich
Ismaning Ismaning Ismaning District of Munich
Kirchheim near Munich Kirchheim near Munich Kirchheim near Munich District of Munich
Langwied Munich (incorporated in 1942) Munich Munich
Ludwigsfeld Munich (incorporated in 1938) Munich Munich
Milbertshofen Munich (incorporated in 1913) Munich Munich
Moosach Munich (incorporated in 1913) Munich Munich
Neuried Neuried Neuried District of Munich
Oberföhring Munich (incorporated in 1913) Munich Munich
Oberhaching Oberhaching Oberhaching District of Munich
Obermenzing Munich (incorporated in 1938) Munich Munich
Oberschleissheim Oberschleissheim Oberschleissheim District of Munich
Ottobrunn (reorganization of the
community from parts of
Unterhaching in 1955)
Ottobrunn District of Munich
Pasing (town since 1905) Munich (incorporated in 1938) Munich Munich
Piss Piss Aying District of Munich
Perlach Munich (incorporated in 1930) Munich Munich
Planegg Planegg Planegg District of Munich
Pullach i.Isar Valley Pullach i.Isar Valley Pullach i.Isar Valley District of Munich
Cleaning well Cleaning well Cleaning well District of Munich
Siegertsbrunn Siegertsbrunn Höhenkirchen-Siegertsbrunn District of Munich
Should Munich (incorporated in 1938) Munich Munich
Taufkirchen Taufkirchen Taufkirchen District of Munich
Trudering Munich (incorporated in 1932) Munich Munich
Unterbiberg Unterbiberg Neubiberg District of Munich
Unterföhring Unterföhring Unterföhring District of Munich
Unterhaching Unterhaching Unterhaching District of Munich
Untermenzing Munich (incorporated in 1938) Munich Munich
Unterschleissheim Unterschleissheim Unterschleissheim District of Munich

District authority

District authority is the District Office of Munich .

Protected areas

In the district and the city there are seven nature reserves , 13 landscape protection areas , ten FFH areas and at least six geotopes designated by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (as of August 2016).

See also:

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive M sign when the license plates that are still valid today were introduced . It is still issued today. Since July 10, 2013, the license plate liberalization has also made the distinguishing marks AIB (Bad Aibling) from AIB-Q10 to AIB-Q9999 and WOR (Wolfratshausen) from WOR-F10 to WOR-F9999 and from WOR-O10 to WOR-O9999 available.


  • Living space in the district of Munich: Diversity in the district of Munich . By Manfred Bialucha (author) and District Office Munich (editor), Stephan Heller Verlag. Munich 2004, ISBN 3-88863-022-3 .
  • Living space in the district of Munich . By Heiner Janik (foreword), Frank Becker (author), Manfred u. a. Bialucha (author), District Office Munich (editor), Isabella Validiviso (illustrator), Stephan Heller Verlag. Munich 19998, ISBN 3-88863-016-9 .
  • Living space in the district of Munich . By Joachim Gillessen (foreword), Manfred Bialucha (author), Fritz Lutz (author), Peter Weinzierl (author), Stefan Winghart (author), District of Munich (editor), Helmut Heigl (illustrator), Stephan Heller Verlag, Munich 1990, ISBN 3-88863-009-6 .
  • Science, education and research in the Munich district . By Manfred Bialucha (author), Stephan Heller Verlag, Munich 2003 ISBN 3-88863-021-5 .
  • Collectors and collections in the Munich district . By Manfred Bialucha (author), District Office Munich (editor), Stephan Heller Verlag, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-88863-023-1 .

Web links

Commons : Landkreis München  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 97 .
  3. ^ Ordinance on the reorganization of Bavaria into rural districts and independent cities of December 27, 1971
  4. District of Munich Religion , 2011 census
  5. Believer shrinkage in the Munich district , accessed on July 16, 2019
  6. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.prognos.com
  7. Results of the district council of Bavaria 2020
  8. ^ Election results on the district office's website
  9. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  10. Page about the Munich district office on gemeindeververzeichnis.de (accessed on November 21, 2010)
  11. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. District of Munich. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  12. District Office Munich - Citizen Service / Desired license plate. Retrieved November 13, 2019 .