|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Lower Bavaria|
|Height :||314 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||77.2 km 2|
|Residents:||33,721 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||437 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area code :||0991|
|License plate :||DEG|
|Community key :||09 2 71 119|
|City structure:||7 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Christian Moser (CSU)|
|Location of the city of Deggendorf in the district of Deggendorf|
Deggendorf is a large district town in the Lower Bavarian district of Deggendorf . The university town with around 37,000 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) is also known as the Danube town and "gateway to the Bavarian Forest" due to its location in the Danube Valley , in the south at the confluence of the Isar and the Danube and at the foot of the Bavarian Forest . It is fused at two points with the neighboring town of Plattling in a so-called interwoven area and together with the towns of Plattling and Osterhofen forms the regional center of Deggendorf. The Bavarian State Garden Show took place in Deggendorf in 2014 .
The urban area lies on the one hand in the flat Danube Valley, but extends to the left of the Danube also into the foothills of the Bavarian Forest. Deggendorf is located with its districts to the right of the Danube in the Gäuboden region and the districts to the left of the Danube in the Bavarian Forest Nature Park . The city is traversed by the Danube; in the Fischerdorf district , the Isar flows into the Danube on the city limits between Deggendorf and the neighboring municipality of Moos in the urban area. The southwestern starting point of the Böhmweg , an important old trade route that connected the Bavarian Danube through the Bavarian Forest with Bohemia , was in Deggendorf . In addition, Deggendorf was on the Roman military border Danube Limes along the Bavarian Danube. Today's city center is north-east of the Danube. The difference in altitude in the municipality is 806 meters from the lowest point on the Danube in the Seebach district (310 m above sea level ) to the highest point, the summit of the local mountain " Breitenauriegel " near the Greising district (1116 m above sea level). This leads to considerable climatic differences; While spring has often already set in in the lower elevations, in the inhabited heights such as Greising at 780 m above sea level it prevails . NHN still winter. Another “ local mountain ” of Deggendorf is the three- fir tree bar located in the Grafling municipality with a height of 1090.2 m above sea level. NHN.
The following nine municipalities border the urban area of Deggendorf in a clockwise direction: Metten , Grafling, Bischofsmais ( district of Regen ), Schaufling , Hengersberg , Niederalteich , Moos, Plattling and Stephansposching .
There are 103 or 104 parish parts:
|District 1||Part of the community|
|Deggenau||Breitenberg , Deggenau, Elmering, Gailberg , Görgen , Goldberg , Gschnaidt , Hub , Leoprechtstein, Mietzing , Reinprechting, Sandweg , Steinriesl, Thanhof , Ucking, Ufersbach, Waldschaid, Weinberg|
|Fishing village||Fishing village|
|Old age||Frohnreut, Greising, Greisingerhochwald, Hackermühle , Haidhäusl , Irlmoos, Kreut , Mühlberg , Nest , Oberfrohnreut, Oberglasschleife, Parst, Ringelswies, Schellenberg , Tattenberg, Zwieslerbruck|
|Rental fee||Baumgarten , Breitenbach, Bruck, Eiberg, Einkind, Großfilling, Großwalding, Hain, Haslach , Hofstetten, Itzling, Kleinfilling, Kleinwalding, Klotzing, Marienthal, Maxhofen , Mietraching, Obergrub , Paußing, Schwemmberg, Untergrub , Weiher|
|Natternberg||Haidhof , Mainkofen , Mettenufer, Natternberg , Rettenbach , Stauffendorf|
|Chess||Aletsberg, Bruckhof , Kobelsberg , Kohlberg , Kohlhof , Lehmberg (zip code 94526), Neumühle , Niederkandelbach, Oberdippling, Oberer Mühlbogen, Oberkandelbach, Oberperlasberg, Schaltbach , Scheuering, Schleiberg, Schluttenhof, Simmling , Thannberg , Unterdippling|
|Seebach||Bucha , Burgstall , Eichberg , Graben 2 , Grillenberg , Grimming , Halbmeile, Helming , Hintertausch, Hochreut , Kleineichberg, Konseehof, Krösbach, Ledersberg, Oberdorf , Pumpenberg, Scheidham , Seebach, Vordertausch|
1 The demarcations roughly correspond to the former municipal areas, with the exception of Seebach, which was partially reclassified to Hengersberg.
2 Graben is listed twice in the location database, once as a hamlet and once as a wasteland. The location of the wilderness is not specified.
- The Fischerdorf district is located on the right bank of the Danube and is crossed by the old federal road 11 . Fischerdorf is connected to the city center of Deggendorf by the Maximiliansbrücke, which was built in 1999 and replaces the old bridge from the 1920s.
Due to its location in Central Europe, the city of Deggendorf is in the cool temperate climate zone with winter hardiness 6–7. The city lies in the transition area between the humid Atlantic and dry continental climates .
Average temperature and precipitation values
Source: MSN Weather - Deggendorf, DEU
Traces of early history
The oldest proven finds in the Deggendorf area come from Palaeolithic and Mesolithic hunters and collectors and are at least 50,000 years old. Archaeologists assume that on and around the Natternberg in today's district of the same name as early as 5000 BC. . BC a Neolithic settlement of Linear Pottery was similar as in many other parts of Lower Bavaria and especially in Gäuboden by aerial archeology and burial sites could be detected. In the middle and younger section of the Urnfield Period between the 10th and 8th centuries BC Chr. Was a permanent settlement focus of a hilltop settlement on the approximately 70 meter high mountain , this could be proven by excavations of settlement remains during the construction of the federal highway 3 . Archaeological excavations have documented settlements from the Neolithic Age (at least 5th century BC), the older Urnfield Age (10th century BC) and the late Hallstatt period (6th – 5th century BC). Traces of settlement around 6000 years old have also been found in today's Fischerdorf district. In the early 1980s, excavations in the parish church at the site of today's city center discovered Celtic settlement remains, which date back to the late Latene period in the 2nd to 1st century BC. Could be dated. It is assumed that the Celts used the convenient location for crossing the Danube to control the trade route from the south to Bohemia, first mentioned in 1029.
Gold panning has existed since the 9th century . a. later in urban area Deggendorf on the Danube, where a very early stage of sand and gravel banks of placer gold was sought. Search locations on the Isar in the Deggendorf area were added later. Today this is still pursued as a hobby by gold panners.
Deggendorf was founded on a natural Danube crossing that continued the road along the Isar to the north. For the ruling genders in Bavaria that was always a reason to be present here. Called Techindorf in the 11th century , it appeared as a city as early as 1212.
With the extinction of the Babenbergs and the Counts of Bogen (1242), the Wittelsbachers took possession of the former county of Deggendorf. The city was reorganized and planned. A wooden bridge over the Danube near Deggendorf was first mentioned in 1280, making it one of the first bridges over the Danube. Deggendorf was promoted with privileges and concessions until it was granted town charter in 1316 and 1320 , thus completing the process of becoming town constitutionally. Deggendorf had thus become a magnet for the market and trade in the surrounding area. Under Duke Heinrich XV. Deggendorf was briefly the seat of the independent duchy of Lower Bavaria -Deggendorf (1331-1332), which, in addition to the capital, included the towns of Cham , Dingolfing , Landau and Vilshofen . He was given the nickname "the Natternberger", because he stayed mainly in Natternberg near Deggendorf at the castle of the same name. In 1338 the Jewish community in Deggendorf was completely destroyed in the course of a pogrom . The alleged miracle, which is said to have followed the desecration of the host accused of the burned Jews , founded the pilgrimage to the grave church , the so-called Deggendorfer Gnad , which took place until 1992 . The grave church was built shortly after the pogrom. Processions and events took place in Deggendorf until 1968 that glorified the murder of Jews at the time. In 1429 Deggendorf became part of the Duchy of Bavaria-Munich, and in 1496 the city's first pharmacy opened.
In the 16th century, Deggendorf was home to one of the 16 tollbooths of the Bavarian Duke on the Danube between Neuburg and Passau.
From the 13th century, today's Deggenau district was one of many wine-growing areas in the Danube Valley. On the vineyards, the Mühlberg and the Geiersberg, wine was grown on the mountain slopes for almost 400 years. This was the "Baierwein". The first documented evidence of a vineyard in today's urban area dates from 1149 and documents a vineyard on the Mühlberg in Deggendorf.
Early modern age
The Thirty Years War brought heavy population losses. Two thirds of the population died of the plague in 1633/34 . During the War of the Spanish Succession , parts of the city were set on fire and destroyed. Although these events left their mark for decades, Deggendorf quickly rose as a functioning city with the help of the resources of the surrounding area. A baroque symbol of the urban self-confidence that has grown out of it was set with the construction of the Grabkirche tower in 1722, which is described by art historians as one of the most beautiful towers in Bavaria and gives the town square its unmistakable character. During the Austrian War of Succession , almost the entire city burned down in 1743.
In the 19th century, various new transport connections such as the Ruselstraße (1818) and the railway line across the Danube into the Bavarian Forest (1877) were created and put into operation. The wooden bridge over the Danube was replaced in 1863 by a sturdy iron crossing and roads were built to develop the surrounding area. The medieval cityscape disappeared as the moats were filled in, the city gates and city walls were torn down. The city center, which is over 500 years old, has been changed and softened. Today only the city's layout can be seen, a 27 m long piece of the city wall has been preserved. From 1898 to 1908 the construction of the first cargo port (today's winter and protective port) was implemented.
It was not until the 20th century that Deggendorf experienced a decisive increase in area and population through the incorporation of neighboring villages. The neighboring community of Schaching was incorporated in 1935, and Deggenau, Fischerdorf, Mietraching with Greising, Seebach and Natternberg followed between 1972 and 1978. From 1948 to 1972 Deggendorf was an independent city.
The Mainkofen District Hospital , at that time as a sanatorium and nursing home in Mainkofen, was opened in 1911 in today's Natternberg district. Today, with around 720 beds, it is one of two large clinics in the city and one of the largest district clinics in Bavaria.
The first Allied bombs fell on Deggendorf on February 5, 1945, and after only around 5 weeks to March 14, a total of 300 air raid alarms had already been counted. After numerous heavy air raids on the large neighboring railway junction station in Plattling, the port of Deggendorf and the Sirius works were largely destroyed in two bomb attacks on the oil depots on April 20 and 24, 1945.
After the end of the Second World War , a DP camp for Jewish so-called " displaced persons " was set up in Deggendorf in 1945 . It housed up to 2000 residents and was disbanded in June 1949. The members of this Jewish community who died in Deggendorf during this period rest in a small, closed Jewish cemetery on the site of the largest Deggendorf cemetery.
The last of the three US military facilities set up in the city after the war was dissolved in 1957.
From July 1st, 1972 Deggendorf becomes a district town again . After Deggendorf had already lost its district freedom for 8 years from 1940 to 1948, after the Second World War it was again an independent city from 1948 to 1972 .
In the years since the Second World War, the Deggendorf settlement area expanded considerably. The hills near the old town were almost completely built up. The Deggendorf Clinic, which can be seen from afar and now has 502 beds , has been a kind of new landmark for the city .
From 1985 to 2013 the city on the Geiersberg commemorated the victims of the world wars . After it became known in the spring of 2013 that there were also memorial plaques for members of the SS on the area known as Heldenhain , the city had them removed. Since then, the site has been used on commemorative days under the name "Fallen Grove".
At the beginning of June 2013 Deggendorf was hit by a devastating flood . More than 6000 people had to be evacuated or were asked to leave their homes because the dams that had been built could no longer withstand the masses of water. Low-lying districts such as Fischerdorf and Natternberg were completely flooded after the Isar dam broke. Further heavy floods in the Deggendorf area were recorded in the old chronicle of the city in 1787, 1816, 1845, 1876, 1920, 1924, 1926 and 1954.
After the flood in 2013, the flood protection in the city and in the Deggendorf area on the Isar and Danube was completely revised and renewed in order to withstand even a hundred-year flood.
Shipbuilding history and shipping
River transport since the 1st century
- Roman time
- In the 400 years of the Rhaetian Danube Limes from the 1st to the 5th century, Roman ships in particular were on the Danube in Deggendorf and linked troop locations such as Regensburg and Straubing with the other cities and legionary camps along the Danube to the Black Sea. The types of ships on the Upper Danube differed over time, depending on the requirements they had to meet. There were small, agile 18-meter-long rowing warships of the Navis Lusoria type , but also larger warships and cargo ships with a length of up to 40 meters are said to have been on the Rhine and Danube, which were also operated with rowing crews. A small warship version of the Liburne type ( Classis Germanica ) was also used in different lengths on the Danube during this time and, like the Navis Lusoria ship type , had a sail in addition to being propelled by a rowing crew.
- Use of rafts
- From the 13th to the 19th century, rafts from the Isar were also used to transport goods and people from Munich and Landshut, which went either to Deggendorf or via Deggendorf on the Danube towards Austria and Hungary.
Since 1885, paddle steamers and later motor ships for the Danube were built in a shipyard in Deggendorf. From 1946 to the 1970s, there were two shipyards and a shipping company in the city, with the oldest and last remaining shipyard ceasing to operate in 2001.
- From Übigau to Hitzler to DWE
- As early as 1885, the engineering works and shipyard Übigau from Dresden manufactured ships for the Danube with final assembly exclusively in Deggendorf, until the assembly was largely relocated to Regensburg in 1913. In order to increase the number of German shipping companies on the Danube, the Reich's own Zentral -kauf GmbH bought a large number of screw steamers in 1915 and had them (originally planned in Regensburg) assembled by the Hamburg-based Hitzler shipyard in Deggendorf from February 1916. In addition to the assembly site, the Hitzler shipyard acquired some adjacent properties and built a temporary shipyard there, which later became DWE Deggendorfer Werft und Eisenbau Gesellschaft . In November 1918 the outcome of the First World War temporarily ended ship production and at the end of 1918 Hitzler sold his Deggendorf shipyard to Bayerische Lloyd Schifffahrts AG, which ultimately sold it to Gutehoffnungshütte AG in 1924. Also in 1924, the shipyard resumed production as a subsidiary of Gutehoffnungshütte AG under the name DWE Deggendorfer Werft und Eisenbau Gesellschaft.
- Another shipbuilding site (assembly site) was created in 1892 by the Süddeutsche Donaudampfschifffahrtsgesellschaft below the railway bridge. In the years that followed, dredgers and crane ships as well as tugs and steamers were assembled here.
- New developments in shipbuilding
- In 1930, with the Stoßtreidler UHU in Deggendorf one of the first motor thrust ships in Europe with a Voith Schneider Propeller built. After the production focus on tank barges in the 1940s, the first seaworthy hopper dredger ( floating dredger ) was built in Deggendorf in 1951 , after which these were integrated into the product range. The operational sequence of a dredger led to considerations of simplified dumping and in 1958 to the construction of the first top-up barge. In the 1960s and 1970s, the construction of dredgers and collapsible barges were a world-famous specialty of the Deggendorf shipyard and were delivered all over the world. Another novelty was the two divisible inland RoRo semi-catamarans Han Asparuh and Han Tervel . After the shipyard had built the then largest river cruise ship in the world with the name Mozart as a semi-catamaran in 1987, in 1998 the Delphin Queen was the first and only river cruise catamaran in the world. The hundreds of ships that have been built in Deggendorf for more than a century include old steamers as well as tank barges, cargo and push boats of various designs, passenger and excursion ships for rivers and lakes, small ferries, dredgers, authority boats, barges and collapsible barges. Many of these ships are still in use today or occasionally also serve as museum ships.
- Since the takeover of Gutehoffnungshütte AG by MAN in 1969, the shipyard has belonged to MAN. Since 2001 the shipyard operations and thus shipbuilding have been given up. The former shipyard has been called MAN Diesel & Turbo SE, later MAN Energy Solutions, since January 1, 2010 .
- Two shipyards from 1946 to the 1970s
- In 1946 the Wallner shipyard was opened in Deggendorf. It was part of the Bavarian Wallner Hafenbetriebe in Deggendorf, founded in 1920, with its own shipping company, and began operations after the Second World War with the dismantling of components for Danube ships and their transport to the Rhine. The Wallner Hafenbetriebe were located in the area of today's freight port, leased in 1923 and acquired in 1938, and were its beginnings. Later on, the Wallner shipyard also built its own motor tugs such as the MZS Helene in 1951 .
Shipping traffic on the Danube has played an important role in Deggendorf since the Middle Ages. In the still existing Passau toll registers from around 1400, many entries by Deggendorf merchants and ship owners are already recorded. The most famous and largest Deggendorf river shipping company in modern times was the Wallner shipping company owned by Josef Wallner.
- Wallner shipping company
- The Wallner shipping company era began in 1927 through a collaboration with the Romanian company Creditul Minier and a long-term freight contract. The first ship of the (DRMT) German-Romanian Tankschifffahrts GmbH was named Deggendorf . In 1971 the family company withdrew from shipping on the Danube. A historical peculiarity is the motorized towing ship Anna Wallner of the shipping company Wallner, also belonging to Wallner Hafenbetriebe , which was completed on April 11, 1942 in the Deggendorfer Werft . After the reconstruction in the naval equipment station in Linz, the ship was put back into service on April 7, 1944 under the name Balmung as one of only 4 armed guard ships for the lower Danube and the Iron Gate. On June 22, 1946, the Balmung , which had been badly damaged by a British ground mine on September 11, 1944 and was unusable, was handed over by the US Army in Deggendorf to Bayerischer Lloyd for further processing. Many of the shipping company's ships were built in Deggendorf, Korneuburg and Linz and comprised a large number of tank barges, motor cargo ships and tugs.
|Chess||-||March 31, 1935|
|Old age||497||January 1, 1972||Incorporation after Mietraching|
|Deggenau||1708||July 1, 1972|
|Fishing village||844||July 1, 1972|
|Rental fee||1771||1st January 1974|
|Seebach||1067||April 1, 1976||Incorporation of 831 of the 1067 inhabitants,
reclassification of 236 inhabitants to Hengersberg
|Natternberg||2998||May 1, 1978|
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the city grew from 28,680 to 33,585 by 4,905 inhabitants or 17.1%.
According to the 2011 census , 14.2% of the population were Protestant this year , 63.7% were predominantly Roman Catholic and 22.1% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information.
As of January 1, 2013, 13.8 percent of the population were Protestant, 64.6 percent Roman Catholic, and 21.6 percent belonged to another or no religious community.
The number of Protestants, and especially Catholics, has decreased since then. Currently (as of January 1, 2020) of the 37,111 inhabitants, 11.9% are Protestant, 55.9% Roman Catholic and 32.2% are non-denominational or belong to another religious community.
Distribution of seats after the local elections in Bavaria in 2020 , compared to previous years:
* Voters list Altgemeinde Natternberg
Christian Moser ( CSU ) has been Lord Mayor since August 1, 2012 . With four opposing candidates, he was elected Lord Mayor with 56.73 percent of the votes cast, after Anna Eder no longer ran for reasons of age. In the local elections in 2020 , Moser was re-elected with 66.37 percent.
Deggendorf was ruled by Anna Eder (CSU) from 2000 to 2012. At that time, an out-of-order mayor election was necessary because her predecessor Dieter Görlitz (also CSU) had resigned for health reasons.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Under the shield head with the Bavarian diamonds in red over silver waves a crenellated silver gate with golden gate wings."|
Sister cities and sponsorships
For Tender "Danube" Deggendorf took over the sponsorship from 1964 until its decommissioning on 1 December 1994th
The Lufthansa Airbus A320-211 with the registration D-AIPF bears the name "Deggendorf".
Several ships of different types have been named after the city and some of them have even been built on site. Currently, the inland push ship Deggendorf, registered in Austria, is still mainly on the lower Danube as the name of the city.
The Deggendorf steam train from 1927, which is now fully restored and located in the Bayerisch Eisenstein Local Railway Museum , also bears the name of the city and was used in its final years until 1975 on the Deggendorf-Metten short line, which was closed in 1991.
Political Ash Wednesday
Initiative to preserve the outdoor pool in the city park:
The first referendum took place on March 26, 2000. The citizens' initiative demanded the maintenance of the central open-air swimming pool in Deggendorf's city park. On the other hand, the city of Deggendorf requested the closure of the previous outdoor pool and the construction of a new year-round pool with indoor and outdoor pools as well as various adventure facilities in the Natternberg district . In the vote, the initiative's request received 18.61%, the council request 16.92% of the votes of all eligible voters. Both requests therefore missed the necessary quorum of 20% of the votes of all eligible voters. On April 18, 2000, the Deggendorf city council decided to dissolve the previous outdoor pool and to build a new year-round pool.
Initiative for height limitation in the development plan "Die Bogen":
The second referendum in the city of Deggendorf was against an office high-rise (" Karl Tower ") belonging to the Karl group of companies with a height of 36 m near the southern edge of the historic old town. According to the initiative, the permissible wall height should be limited to a maximum of 22 m through the citizens' initiative. On October 20, 2014, almost the entire city council voted within the framework of a development plan for the high-rise. As of December 3, 2014, three city councilors of the Free Voters began collecting signatures for a petition to prevent the high-rise building. On January 13, 2015, the initiative was able to hand over 2,217 signatures in Deggendorf town hall, at least 1,800 valid signatures were required. The Deggendorf city council (unanimously except for the three city councilors who initiated the citizens 'initiative and a city council of the Greens) opposed the citizens' initiative by a council resolution of February 9, 2015. In the council request, as in the city council resolution, a building height of a maximum of 36 meters was offered to the voters to vote. The referendum took place on March 22, 2015. The council request reached 68%, the referendum 51%. The key question was decided with 60% in favor of the council request. However, both requests could not achieve the required quorum of 20% (city council: 19%, citizens: 12%; with a turnout of 32%) and the requirement of 36 m height for the planned building remained.
Economy and authorities
Due to its close cooperation with the Deggendorf University of Applied Sciences, the city is considered a start-up center and is part of the economic region of the Danube cities as well as the Danube-Moldau European region and is located in the center of the Bavarian planning region Danube-Forest .
Since 1996, the district town of Deggendorf and the neighboring town of Plattling have been considered in a sub-spatial report by the Federal Ministry for Spatial Planning, Building and Urban Development as a jointly integrated area with a sub- spatial industrial area; in 1998 they were recognized as one of 26 regions of the future . Since July 2015 Deggendorf has been part of the ILE Donau-Isar working group for regional development , founded in 2015, together with the city of Plattling and four other municipalities .
There are three facilities of the "Innovations Technologie Campus GmbH" ITC1, ITC2 and ITC3, the start-up center is located next to other companies and the headquarters of the regional television broadcaster Donau TV at the location of ITC1. The ITC2 located opposite the university is partly used by the THD, but also by other companies.
The unemployment rate in 2018 in the district of the Employment Agency in Deggendorf was on an annual average identical to the Bavarian rate as the best federal state rate at 2.9 percent and thus very well below the national annual average of 5.2 percent in 2018. The district of the main employment agency in Deggendorf includes the districts of Deggendorf, Straubing-Bogen and Regen, as well as the district-free city of Straubing. The average available per capita income in Deggendorf in 2019 is around 21,700 euros per year (and rising) and is therefore regionally comparable with the city of Regensburg in terms of net income. According to the decision of the Bavarian State Government in 2019, Deggendorf is one of 162 Bavarian cities, which were initially subject to a rental price limit for new contracts until July 31, 2020 due to an above-average increase in rental prices.
The main branches of industry are the textile industry (e.g. TWD Fibers ), light metal construction, reactor construction (e.g. MAN Energy Solutions ), iron, rubber, plastics and wood processing, structural and civil engineering and the manufacture of wax goods. The Streicher group of companies , an international civil engineering company, and the ERL real estate group , specialist in care properties, assisted living , barrier-free housing , student housing and micro-apartments, are based in Deggendorf. In 2012, Laschinger Seafood relocated its headquarters to Deggendorf. The Sparkasse Deggendorf (division is the district of Deggendorf) is also based in Deggendorf. Liebherr has been manufacturing micro-precision parts for various applications for the company group in Deggendorf since 2016 . A few other larger well-known companies with their headquarters or branch in Deggendorf are the Rile Group, Congatec , Innstolz Frischdienst, DBV, Karl Unternehmensgruppe , Kies-Hacker, Kerzenfabrik Wiedemann, Caverion , Medtronic , Semperit , Kontron , Huntsman , Dobler Metallbau, Saint-Gobain Deutsche Glas GmbH , Nerlich & Lesser KG and Stadtwerke Deggendorf GmbH.
In 2015 Deggendorf was awarded the Bavarian Quality Prize 2015 for its economic friendliness. A year earlier, the city had already been awarded Bavaria's “ Municipality of the Year ” at the “ Grand Prize for Medium-Sized Enterprises ”.
Tourist location and tourism
From a touristic point of view, Deggendorf is one of the Bavarian pleasure places at the interface of the two East Bavarian tourism regions "Bavarian Golf and Thermenland" to the west, which extends over large parts of the Gäuboden, and "Bavarian Forest" to the east, which are separated by the Danube as a rough border . The city itself is included in this due to its location on the front Bavarian Forest and is also considered to be the gateway to the Bavarian Forest due to its motorway junction and several main access roads. There is a modern “Tourist Information” in the old town hall as a direct point of contact.
In 2017, according to municipal statistics, the city itself had around 87,000 overnight guests in accommodation establishments with ten or more guest beds, whereby the numerous inner-city events, as well as the infrastructure and the convenient location of the city as a starting point for short excursions into the region, play a key role for tourism .
The floodplain landscapes of the Isar estuary, which are also becoming more and more popular for tourists, are shared by the town of Deggendorf with the neighboring town of Plattling and the neighboring municipality of Moos with the associated information center over a length of approx. 18 km to the mouth. The Fischerdorf district lies on the Danube and Isar and includes part of the protected Isar floodplains. The area is home to hundreds of species of fish, amphibians, plants and birds, some of which are protected.
In 2015, the Bavarian part of the Danube Limes was included in the German list of proposals for the Unesco World Heritage Site. On February 1, 2018, the 2,300-page application for nomination of the transnational Danube Limes as a UNESCO World Heritage Site by Hungary was submitted to UNESCO in Paris. Due to a unilateral and too short-term amendment of the application by Hungary, this very promising application was ultimately no longer considered for the 2019 decision. In addition to Bavaria as a Danube riparian, the Danube countries Austria, Slovakia and Hungary also participate. After a clarifying discussion with the partner countries, the Bavarian representatives want to resubmit a revised application at the next opportunity.
The Danube beaches from Deggendorf upstream to Mariaposching and downstream to Hofkirchen are among the most beautiful bank sections of the Bavarian Danube, which in addition to the 93.5 km of river freedom without Danube locks also contributed to the decision for the application to UNESCO.
In addition to numerous events and excursion boats, as well as cycling and hiking trails, the water sports facilities in particular have a great attraction for tourists and day visitors on warm summer days. In addition to the bathing lakes and the year-round pool, there are other bathing areas on the Danube and Isar. Especially with large rivers like Danube and Isar, the prevailing current should not be underestimated and unnecessary risks should be avoided. Because of the large barrier-free section of the Danube without locks and with a relatively large amount of legal freedom compared to other waterways, the number of visitors with their own jet skis or boats of all kinds is increasing. Paddling and other non-motorized water sports on the Isar are also becoming increasingly popular. In winter the town offers not only a ski lift in the district of Greising, but also entry possibilities into the cross-country skiing area (Deggendorf - Rusel - Bischofsmais) extending over 10 trails and 90 km from the Rusel and Greising.
In addition to the possibilities of the categories “ leisure ” and “ cultural life ”, a daily weekly market (weekdays), a weekly farmers market (Saturdays) and in summer at least two large flea markets per week, Deggendorf traditionally also holds four large goods markets every year (fasting market, May market , September market, autumn market) in the city center. With the exception of the May market, these are Sunday markets, which go hand in hand with Sunday shopping. The African market takes place annually at the time of the Africa Festival.
Authorities and public institutions
In addition to the regular offices in the town hall and district office, there is a health department, a veterinary office and a branch of the office for digitization. Furthermore, the city has a construction depot, a city gardening department, an office for food, agriculture and forestry , a large federal police department of the federal riot police, a branch of the federal office for migration and refugees, a district court, a chamber of the labor court of Passau, a tax office, a school office, a job center, an employment agency, a career advice center for the German Armed Forces, a regional court, a public prosecutor's office, a service center for the Passau building authority, a road maintenance department, and a service center for the southern Bavaria motorway directorate. In addition to the Deggendorf police station, there is also a traffic police station and a criminal police station. The closest customs office for the Deggendorf area is located in the industrial area (interlinked area) of the neighboring town of Plattling, between the towns of Deggendorf and Plattling.
For the regional waters, the city has a water protection police group (with responsibility for 88.5 river kilometers on the Danube and 19.4 river kilometers on the Isar) and a water and shipping administration office WSV, outskirts Deggendorf (with responsibility for 45 river kilometers on the Danube). The Deggendorf Water Management Office has been responsible for water management issues in the districts of Straubing-Bogen, Regen, Deggendorf, Freyung-Grafenau, Passau and Rottal-Inn as well as in the independent cities of Straubing and Passau since January 1st, 2006. In addition to the larger ships of the waterways and shipping administration and water protection police, there is an additional (non-public) slipway on the premises of the shipping administration for authorities and rescue services with other small boats, such as (Federal Police, Water Police, Water Rescue, THW, DLRG and fire brigade). A river management station in the Deggendorf district (part of the Deggendorf Water Management Office) exists directly on the Danube, and a modern new building has been under construction at the same location since 2018, which can also be used as a command center in the event of extreme flood situations in the region. The central construction office of the Munich-based RMD Wasserstrassen GmbH for the coordination of regional construction projects on the Bavarian Danube in the areas of Danube expansion and flood protection is located in the port of Deggendorf.
During the refugee crisis, the city had an initial reception facility for over 500 asylum seekers . The first refugees moved in on January 2, 2015. Since July 17, 2017 it has been considered a Bavarian transit center and since August 1, 2018 it has been an anchor center with a total capacity of 1300 places, which are spread over the main town Deggendorf with approx. 590 places and three branch offices in Osterhofen, Stephansposching and Hengersberg. From 1993 to the end of 2003 there was already a reception center with 500 places in Deggendorf.
- Other rescue and emergency services in the city are the Deggendorf fire brigade with a main station and seven additional district fire stations , a local branch of the Deggendorf technical relief organization , a district water watch , a regional branch of the Bayerwald mountain rescue service , the district branch of the Bavarian Red Cross , a district branch of the Malteser relief service , the Landkreisverband des Caritas , the social association of VdK Bavaria , an office of the ADAC , the Amnesty International - Deggendorf section, a district association of the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund , a local association of the German Child Protection Association , the district youth association Deggendorf des Bayer. Jugendring, the Lebenshilfe Deggendorf e. V., an aid organization of the Rotary Club Deggendorf e. V., the Lions aid organization Deggendorf e. V., an office of the Studentenwerk Niederb./Oberpf. and a branch of the White Ring e. V. Other organizations responsible for the city and the district and located in neighboring communities are the district animal rescue in the Stephansposching community and a local branch of the DLRG in Hengersberg.
In 1994 a university of applied sciences was founded in Deggendorf . The main subjects are business administration (with specializations in business informatics, international management, tourism management, industrial engineering), civil engineering, resource and environmental management, electrical and media technology as well as mechanical engineering and mechatronics. In 2013 the name was changed to Technical University Deggendorf . In 2020 the THD has 12 branch offices, including the European Campus in Pfarrkirchen as an international branch campus of the THD, as well as 10 research and technology campuses and a science campus for health research in Bad Kötzting. The closest of 10 technology centers is the Research Center for Modern Mobility (MOMO) in the town of Plattling bordering Deggendorf. As an additional extension, the THD campus for health sciences is currently being built in the premises of the Metten Monastery, in the main town of the neighboring municipality of Metten, which borders on Deggendorf and has a maximum capacity of 1400 students.This is connected to the main campus in Deggendorf via public transport and a short bicycle road. For the 2019/2020 winter semester, a total of 7158 students from around 120 countries are enrolled. a. taught by around 165 professors. At the beginning of 2020 there are over 190 partnerships between the THD and other universities and colleges in 58 countries worldwide. Internationally, the technical university is referred to as (DIT) Deggendorf Institute of Technology . The student association “ Markomannia Wien zu Deggendorf ”, founded in Vienna in 1860, has existed in Deggendorf since 2011 .
Schools in the city area
The city has two high schools ( Comenius-Gymnasium , Robert-Koch-Gymnasium ), a vocational and technical high school (Aloys-Fischer-Schule), a secondary school for girls (Maria-Ward-Schulstiftung), a business school, two vocational schools (commercial- technical and commercial), a state technical school, vocational schools for nurses, physiotherapy and foreign language professions, an agricultural school, a specialist academy for social pedagogy (since 2019 in Plattling), a vocational training and technology center of the Chamber of Crafts, six primary schools, two secondary schools and two special schools. In addition, there are nine educational institutions for adult education, including the German Adult Education Association. V., the Kolping Bildungswerk and the adult education center for the district of Deggendorf e. V.
Deggendorf school center
Deggendorf vocational schools : 2123 pupils (2018/2019) are taught in 22 commercial-technical main occupational groups at the State Vocational School I in Deggendorf over the entire training period. Around 840 pupils are taught in 7 commercial main occupational groups at the Staatliche Berufsschule II in Deggendorf over the entire training period. In addition to the vocational schools, the Robert Koch Gymnasium , the state business school and the state technical school are located in the school center. The school center is also the venue for regular job fairs. Around 4500 students are taught in the entire school complex, making it (as of 2019) the second largest educational center in the city, after the Deggendorf Technical University. The school center is served daily both at the beginning of school and in the afternoon by over 65 school buses of the VLD (Verkehrsgemeinschaft Landkreis Deggendorf) and additional city buses at separate stops.
Since September 2015, the entire school center has been replaced by new buildings in six construction phases; these should be fully completed by September 2022. One area of the building will be completed and occupied, the previously used building will be demolished and the area that will be vacated will be used for the next construction phase. This enables the new building to be built without affecting ongoing operations.
Due to the high proportion of commuters to the two renowned monastery high schools in the monastery communities of Metten and Niederalteich bordering the city, which can be reached quickly and easily by bus and even via bike paths for schoolchildren, two high schools ( Robert Koch Gymnasium and Comenius Gymnasium) are sufficient in the city itself ) out. Thus, students from Deggendorf can use all four grammar schools in the district equally. In 2019, more than 1,600 students were taught at the two state city high schools.
After the Robert Koch Gymnasium moved into a completely new building in 2017, the Comenius Gymnasium has also been modernized and expanded since then.
In 2019, the city has around 20 childcare facilities of all categories (8 of them with crèches) and around 15 registered child minders with around 60 childcare places. The total capacity includes over 1200 care places, which can be used in some facilities from the 6th month (day nursery).
- The regional television broadcaster Donau TV and one of two Lower Bavaria TV broadcasting studios are based in Deggendorf . The supervised broadcasting area includes the districts and city of Deggendorf, district and city of Straubing, district and city of Regen, and the cities of Landau, Vilshofen and Bad Kötzting. Since 2018, the joint broadcasting center Niederbayern for all partner stations affiliated with Donau TV, such as Isar TV or TRP1 , has been located in Deggendorf under the same management of Donau TV Verwaltungs GmbH as Niederbayern TV . Donau TV is also a partner of TV Bayern in Nuremberg and also uses a YouTube channel.
- Since February 2019, Bayerischer Rundfunk has been operating its BR Stern-Studio Niederbayern for the cities and districts of Deggendorf and Straubing, as well as for parts of the Bavarian Forest in Deggendorf. The online pages "Niederbayern" for BR24 as well as audios and videos for radio and television are being created on two floors, there is also the option of a live switch and a live broadcast vehicle.
- THD Campus-Media: With doschauher.tv and Radio WebWelle, the Deggendorf University of Technology has its own television and radio station, as well as a YouTube channel to improve public relations and to make internal university communication more effective. From 2018 to mid-2019, students shot the series Access all Areas in a total of 26 programs, their own presentation of the THD and its locations for other students.
- Funkhaus-Passau GmbH & Co. KG operates a broadcasting studio for the radio station “ Unser Radio ” in Deggendorf, where the second radio station of this group (Radio Galaxy UKW 89.9) for younger audiences is represented in the Deggendorf area.
- In the city there is an editorial office for the Deggendorfer Zeitung (PNP Passauer Neue Presse) and a local editorial office for the Donau-Anzeiger / Deggendorf aktuell (Mediengruppe Straubinger Tagblatt), plus the weekly local edition Deggendorfer Wochenblatt (Wochenblatt Verlagsgruppe Landshut) with one in the Passauer editorial team integrated local editorial office Deggendorf at the location in Passau.
The city has several large and small clinics with inpatient departments in different specialist areas, including two teaching hospitals.
- The Donau-Isar-Klinikum in Deggendorf with over 465 beds and 20 beds in the palliative and dialysis area emerged from the Deggendorf Hospital, which opened in 1976. Originally the teaching hospital of the Technical University of Munich, the clinic is now a teaching hospital of the 2nd level of care of the Hannover Medical School with 19 medical departments at the Deggendorf location. As an accident clinic with a supraregional trauma center, the clinic is equipped with two helicopter landing pads for 24-hour operation. The clinic is also the headquarters of the Donau-Isar-Kliniken Group with the affiliated clinics Dingolfing and Landau, which has a total of around 2000 employees. The closest rescue helicopter directly responsible for the region is Christoph 15 from ADAC Air Rescue ; The clinic is also frequently controlled by Christophorus Europa 3 from ADAC Luftrettung and Christoph Regensburg from DRF Luftrettung , but also from supraregional machines. For several years now, the clinic has been extensively modernized, expanded and further developed in almost all areas.
- The Mainkofen District Clinic in Deggendorf with currently 817 beds (727 of them in Deggendorf) was opened in 1911 as a sanatorium and nursing home, has a helicopter landing pad and offers seven departments and a stroke unit department. It is the teaching hospital of the German Academy for Gerontopsychiatry and Psychotherapy .
- The Angermühle Clinic in the Palais in Stadtpark has 22 inpatient beds for the psychosomatic and psychotherapeutic department and the sleep medicine center. There are other specialist areas in the non-inpatient area.
- Other small clinics with stationary options are the Aeskul clinic in the Palais im Stadtpark, the KfH Board of Trustees for Dialysis and Kidney Transplantation , and the Lower Bavarian Fertility Center .
Infrastructure and traffic
Deggendorf is located at the junction of the A 3 Emmerich – Cologne – Frankfurt a. M. – Passau and A 92 Munich – Deggendorf with the continuation as federal road 11 to Bayerisch Eisenstein and the Czech Republic . The Deggendorf motorway junction is located on the BAB 92 at motorway kilometer 132.3 and on the BAB 3 at motorway kilometer 562.8.
The city has a Danube port and several landing stages for passenger ships. The urban area, through which the Danube flows on both sides, is located for a length of six river kilometers between the Danube kilometer 2287.7 and the mouth of the Isar at Danube kilometer 2281.7. The ancient Danube crossing in the form of a ford was replaced by a wooden bridge over the Danube as early as 1280, converted into an iron bridge in 1863 and, for the last time, expanded in 1999 with a modern bridge across the Danube to meet the requirements of both road traffic and shipping. The current water level of the Danube in Deggendorf, which is important for any type of shipping, can always be accessed via the Bavarian flood news service. In 2019, the city also has branches of seven different car rental companies and one car sharing provider.
- : ( A12 : The Hague - Utrecht - Arnhem ) - Emmerich - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt am Main - Würzburg - Nuremberg - Regensburg - Straubing - Deggendorf - Passau - ( - Wels / Linz - Voralpenkreuz - A9 - Graz - Pitch ) - ( A1 - Maribor - Ljubljana - Koper / A3 / H5 Trieste )
- : Munich - Munich Airport - Freising - Landshut - Dingolfing - Deggendorf - ( - Bayerisch Eisenstein )
- : Deggendorf - Patersdorf (B85) - Regen - Zwiesel - Bayerisch Eisenstein - border crossing to the Czech Republic
Other important main access roads into the Bavarian Forest:
- State road 2135 (Ruselstrasse): Deggendorf - Regen (B11) - Langdorf - confluence with (St2132: Bad Kötzting - Bodenmais - Zwiesel - Grafenau)
- State road 2133: Deggendorf - Schaufling - Lalling - confluence with (B533: Hengersberg - Auerbach - Schönberg - Grafenau - Freyung)
- Country road DEG2 (further on as - DEG3 - REG11 - REG14): Deggendorf - Viechtach - confluence with (B85: Viechtach - Cham - Schwandorf - Amberg)
Both the shortest road connection from the urban area of Deggendorf (Greising district) to the nearest Czech border crossing (Bayerisch Eisenstein) and the shortest road connection from the urban area (Seebach district) to the next Austrian border crossing (Passau - Innstadt) is around 45 kilometers. The shortest and fastest road connection to the urban area of the state capital of Munich corresponds to the distance in kilometers of the BAB 92 at the Deggendorf motorway junction (132.3 km), as this motorway has its origin on the outskirts of Munich (Munich Feldmoching motorway triangle), which is a recommended speed Driving time of around 1 hour by car results. The distances to the urban areas of the next 3 medium- sized cities or larger along the motorways from the Deggendorf junction are Straubing via the B20 from the BAB3 with around 30 km, Passau with around 40 km and Regensburg with around 60 km, the urban area of the Lower Bavarian district capital Landshut starts in around 65 km.
Tunnels / enclosures: In the urban area of Deggendorf at the end of the federal motorway 92, the federal highway 11 was first divided into two separate tubes (length 310 m each) with two lanes each and then with another three-lane tube (two lanes in the direction of the Bavarian forest, length 480 m ) enclosed.
Six-lane expansion of the A3: It was anchored in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan that Federal Motorway 3 between Deggendorf and Hengersberg should be expanded to six lanes by 2030.
The railway line Plattling and Bavarian Eisenstein ( " Bavarian Forest Railway "), one of the most scenic railway in Germany, combines Deggendorf with the Bavarian Forest and the Czech Republic also received the German long-distance network in clock node Plattling with ICE traffic. In the direction of Bayerisch Eisenstein you can change to Bodenmais and Grafenau at the regional train junction Zwiesel, in Gotteszell you can change to Viechtach. The Deggendorf Hauptbahnhof is the currently last remaining train station in the urban area of the county seat. The Ulrichsberg alternative station on this route was closed in December 2003. The railway times (departures) from Deggendorf are from 5:00 a.m. to 1:10 a.m. on weekdays and from 6:45 a.m. to 1:10 a.m. on weekends. During rush hour, the short route between Deggendorf and Plattling is served by train every 30 minutes and reinforced by VLD buses.
By changing at the German terminus in Bayerisch Eisenstein, there are connections by train to Pilsen and Prague. With an entry or change at the main station in Plattling, there are hourly RE connections from the regional center to Munich via Landshut and Freising, to Passau, and hourly to Neumarkt and Ingolstadt via Regensburg and Straubing. In addition, there are u. a. ICE connections to Vienna via Linz and northern Germany every two hours.
The Deggendorf – Hengersberg railway branches off from Deggendorf . This railway line, which was opened in 1914 and formerly ran to Kalteneck, is now only used to transport goods to and from the port and to one of the largest German sawmills in Hengersberg. With Deggendorf Hafen, Halbmeile, Seebach and Deggendorf Textilwerke, there were four other traffic stops in the municipality until passenger traffic was discontinued in 1972.
In 2016, the city proposed reactivating the Deggendorf – Hengersberg route with a stop for the Danube promenade and a university for passenger traffic, and promised to pursue this goal further.
The privately built and operated branch line Deggendorf – Metten connected the city with the neighboring community until 1991.
With the commissioning of the railway line towards Hengersberg from 1914 to 1972, Deggendorf main station was a crossing station for 58 years through the Metten-Deggendorf-Hengersberg-Kalteneck axis and the Plattling-Deggendorf-Bayerisch Eisenstein axis. As a reminder of old railroad traditions, the Localbahnverein organizes nostalgia trips with old trains and steam engines several times a year on its own or on certain occasions. Due to the single-track forest railway line, Deggendorf station is used in most cases for a necessary intermediate stop for vehicles from the Bayerisch Eisenstein Local Railway Museum, or is a scheduled stop in the timetable for special train journeys between Bayerisch Eisenstein and Plattling or Munich.
The inner city area of Deggendorf has been served by four city bus routes since January 1, 2014. Before that there were 11 lines. At various stops in the city, buses of the 35 of a total of 68 VLD lines ( Verkehrsgemeinschaft Landkreis Deggendorf ) that connect Deggendorf with the places in the district and beyond. The VLD buses can therefore also be seen and used as a city bus supplement, depending on the district and bus stop. Districts further away from the center are fully served by VLD lines. Since 2017, as part of the flexibility, the city has also been offering so-called on-call buses for trips within the district with its own schedule in addition to the regular regional bus routes.
The city has two bus stations , one at the main train station with 10 stops, as well as parking spaces for approx. 10-12 additional buses with standard bus size and one at the town halls in the city center with 8 stops and 4 parking spaces with standard bus size. The 24-hour long-distance bus service leaves almost exclusively from the main train station, while coaches use the bus station in the city center for the large number of bus boarding options from Deggendorf. Inner city buses, as well as most VLD buses, stop at both bus stations. Most school buses also stop at a 3rd large bus station for school buses at the school center with 8-10 stops for school buses and two city bus stops.
Cities in the following countries can be reached regularly by long-distance buses from Deggendorf with various providers at different intervals as of 2019: Germany, Austria, Hungary, France, Belgium, Great Britain, Romania, Bulgaria and Bosnia. Other foreign providers and smaller shuttle bus operators offer charter services to Slovakia, as well as to Serbia, the Czech Republic and Poland.
Furthermore, the casino bus from Munich to Zelezna Ruda stops on weekends for boarding from Deggendorf to the Czech casino near the border.
The city of Deggendorf is connected to the following 6 long-distance cycle routes. At the transnational Donauradweg km along the Danube through eight countries bordering to around 2850, the transnational 4450 km long European cycle track Euro Velo 6 rivers route from the French Atlantic coast by another 8 countries to the Black Sea and across the district Natternberg to the Bavarian 235 km long viaDanubia bike path . On some sections, these three cycle paths run congruently along the Danube, but differ in terms of total length, start and end points and the proposed Danube side on the Bavarian section depending on the cycle path. Furthermore, the city is connected to the approximately 300 km long Isar cycle path via Landshut and Munich to the source of the Isar in the Austrian Alps, to the Waldbahn cycle path into the Bavarian Forest and to the 285 km long Tour de Baroque cycle path . In addition, there is the possibility of combining the Danube cycle paths south of the city limits in the neighboring municipality of Niederalteich directly to the Danube-Ilz long-distance cycle path in the Bavarian Forest, or to change the Danube side to the municipality of Moos with the foot and cycle ferry "Altaha" .
Between Deggendorf and Metten (Alte Mettener Straße), the first pure bicycle road in Lower Bavaria and the first intermunicipal bicycle road in Bavaria were built in 2019 , which also means that the commuting of schoolchildren by bike to and from the St. Michaels Gymnasium in Metten on this short route to the neighboring community is significant became safer. The official opening took place on June 19, 2019.
On August 1, 2019, Deggendorf was the stage of the anniversary bike tour of the Bavarian Radio for the 30th BR bike tour with an evening open-air concert.
The Deggendorf airfield is located on the outskirts to the west of the town center of Deggendorf in the neighboring municipality of Stephansposching . It has an asphalt runway with a length of 550 m. Helicopters, sport planes, motor gliders and gliders may take off from the landing site. Sightseeing flights can be booked.
The nearest international airport is Munich Airport , which is around 105 kilometers away on the BAB 92 and can be reached regularly by car in around 50 minutes (at the recommended speed). Munich Airport can also be reached by train from / via Plattling with a change in Landshut. The distance is followed by Linz Airport, around 145 kilometers and a journey time of around 80 minutes, and Salzburg Airport, around 150 kilometers away. Nuremberg Airport on the BAB 3 is around 170 kilometers away and can be reached by car in around 90 minutes (at the recommended speed).
The 55 hectare port Deggendorf an der Donau is a cargo port for all types of cargo with 28 regular loading and unloading places for cargo ships and is operated by the Zweckverband Donau-Hafen Deggendorf . The Trimodal Freight Transport Center was the only Danube port in Bavaria to have a free port from 1992 to 2016 . The port also has a dock for oil tankers. Due to the long lock-free section of the Danube, the 1500 meter long quay wall of the port is also regularly used by captains for a night stop without loading, including the seaworthy coaster Danube 43 , which made a night stop here on February 18, 2014 on its way to the Black Sea and, as a coastal sea-going ship, is one of the special guests on the upper navigable Danube. There are also various short-term berths in the city, as well as emergency anchorages and anchorages in the river. The company (MAN Energy Solutions SE) has its own quay wall for loading heavy-duty products on its own company premises. Another port is the Deggendorf protective port (between the cargo port and Maximiliansbrücke), which is used by authorities (water police, water and shipping authority, water watch) and by leisure captains. Due to its dimensions, the Deggendorf protective harbor is planned next to the Marina Saal near Kelheim, also for an intermediate stop at boat and yacht transfers, or simply as a night berth.
The Deggendorf freight port is located on the Danube between river kilometer 2282.4 and river kilometer 2283.9. The port is around 1220 kilometers from the North Sea (Rotterdam) and around 2282 kilometers from the Black Sea (via the Sulina-Danube estuary) by water on the 3504 kilometer Rhine-Main-Danube axis. If the 64.2 km long Danube-Black Sea Canal is used, the distance into the Black Sea (Port of Constana) is reduced to around 2030 river kilometers.
There are also several moorings for passenger ships on the river. One is mainly used by the company Wurm & Noé for the excursion boat trip, another is u. a. operated by Uniworld River Cruises, Avalon Waterways and Viking River Cruises for river cruises. Viking has built its own additional mooring facility since 2019.
The city has two sport boat harbors, one is in the Deggendorf protective harbor, and there is another in Metten with its own slipway. They accommodate 5 Danube yacht clubs with a total of approx. 80 - 85 regular berths. The nearest slipway with service to the protective harbor is on the edge of the Danube promenade. As further boat clubs, two sailing clubs with a jetty and some berths have settled on the Burgsee in Deggendorf. All boat license can be obtained in the city.
In 2017, plans for the construction of a new marina at a more central location and the associated relocation of the larger pleasure boat harbor currently in the protective harbor became known.
Bridges over the Danube
Six bridges cross the Danube in Deggendorf:
- Motorway bridge at Metten : river kilometer 2290.12; A3 ; Year of construction 1981.
- Railway bridge: river km 2285.89; Plattling – Bayerisch Eisenstein railway line ; Year of construction 2010.
- Danube bridge : river kilometer 2,285.87; Footpath and bike path; Year of construction 2013,
- Motorway bridge near the fishing village : river kilometers 2285.49; A92 ; Year of construction 1991,
- Maximiliansbrücke: river kilometer 2284.59; State Road 2074 ; Built in 1999. (In 2017, due to the steadily growing volume of inner-city traffic between the two sides of the Danube, an open letter from the CSU called for another Danube bridge to relieve the Maximiliansbrücke).
- Motorway bridge near Deggenau : river kilometer 2282.52; A3 ; Built in 1975. (In the course of the six-lane expansion of the A3 from the Deggendorf motorway junction to Hengersberg by 2030, the old Danube bridge in the Deggenau district will be demolished and replaced by a new, larger pull-rope bridge with two pylons around 100 meters high).
How many Bavarian town foundations that time is they had gone through the whole length of a spacious square, a anger-like wide street market. Here it extends in north-south direction and thus at an angle of about 60 ° to the Danube flowing past 400 m to the south.
The town hall built north of the most important cross street in the middle of the square and the grave church of St. Peter and Paul protruding from the east divide the square into three differently sized parts, the upper town square in the north, the almost twice as long Luitpoldplatz in the middle and the much smaller ones Michael-Fischer-Platz in the south.
Old Town Hall
The late Gothic town hall consists of three parts. The south wing with the stepped gable was built in 1535 as the town hall, the striking tower in the middle as early as 1450. The narrower north wing is the former Martinskirche and was only converted into an official building in 1888. It was not until 1907 that the historic ballroom in the south wing was given its current equipment.
City parish church
The parish church of the Assumption is located south of the old town. The first church on this site was founded in the early Middle Ages, long before the city. After previous Romanesque and Gothic buildings , today's church was built in several phases from 1656/57 to the 19th century.
Horse market and Katharinenspital
Half the way from the outskirts of the planned town to the parish church is the long, triangular horse market, bounded to the south by the archway at Katharinenspital . It was set up here in 1337 after the Jews who previously lived in this area had been expelled from Deggendorf. The said former hospital has a baroque chapel.
The Deggendorfer cultural quarter on both sides of the street Östlicher Stadtgraben consists of the city museum, the handicraft museum, the Kapuzinerstadl (church demolished in 1802) and the city library.
- The Deggendorf City Museum presents over 10,000 exhibits on the cultural, economic and social development of the city and its region. The early settlement of the Danube region is documented by archaeological finds from the district from the Stone Age to the early Middle Ages. A city history section conveys medieval city life. The sales room of a Biedermeier pharmacy with laboratory accessories and a mom and pop shop are further evidence of the past. A separate area is dedicated to sacred art, the pilgrimage “Deggendorfer Gnad” and popular piety.
- The neighboring handicraft museum is dedicated to regional and national handicrafts. Six departments give an overview of the rich Lower Bavarian craft culture: The history of craft training is just as much a topic as z. B. the craft on the water, the role of women in the craft, the wood craft in the Bavarian Forest or the development of the craft in the industrial age.
- A museum cinema and changing special exhibitions in the museums complete the offer. Both museums and the museum workshops offer an accompanying program for families, children and school classes.
- The Deggendorf City Library, built in 1990 in the cultural district, has more than 80,000 media on an area of 2000 m².
- The Kapuzinerstadl , a Capuchin church profaned in 1802, is an event and congress building, as well as a cabaret and concert hall for a wide variety of cultural events. Art exhibitions take place here as well as concerts and conferences.
Deggendorf has two interconnected town halls. They are located southwest of the old town between the shopping mile and the technical university . Concerts, trade fairs, exhibitions and conferences take place here as well as dance events and festivals. In addition to university events, the First Contact (university contact fair) also takes place regularly in the town halls, and in winter a monthly Bavarian-Bohemian indoor flea market is held. At the end of 2008 the second town hall (Hall 2) was completed, which is directly connected to the old town hall. The new hall 2 offers around 3700 standing spectators or 2240 seated spectators. The older Hall 1 offers 2040 standing spectators or 935 seated spectators.
Palace in the city park
The palace in the city park was built from 1863 to 1868 as a "district insane asylum". From 1933 it served as a Wehrmacht barracks and from 1941 also as a non-commissioned preschool. In 1945 it was a temporary shelter for refugees, until 1949 the palace became " DP Camp 7" Deggendorf for homeless people, Jewish concentration camp survivors and Polish Jews. It then served as a residential complex for German refugees. Today the Palais u. a. used as a doctor, self-help, therapy and communication center.
Natternberg castle ruins
The former residence of the Duchy of Lower Bavaria-Deggendorf and today's ruins was first mentioned in 1145 and was destroyed on May 19, 1743 in the War of the Austrian Succession.
Deggendorf has three pilgrimage churches that were built around the same time:
- On the Geiersberg the pilgrimage church to the Sorrowful Mother of God in the Rose
- Pilgrimage church in Greising
- Pilgrimage church in the half mile
Churches and prayer houses in the city area
In addition to the grave church completed in 1360, the parish church and the 3 pilgrimage churches, Deggendorf has 20 other public churches or prayer houses in the city area.
- St. Erasmus Church in the Deggenau district
- Parish church of St. Martin in the Schaching district (candle pilgrimage site)
- Seebach parish church in the Seebach district
- Holy Sepulcher Chapel
- St. Catherine Hospital Church
- Evangelical Lutheran Parish Church
- Parish church Mietraching in the Mietraching district
- Friedenskirche in the Palais des Stadtpark
- Schachinger Church in the Schaching district
- New Apostolic Church Deggendorf
- Rettenbach parish church in the Rettenbach district
- Oswald Chapel (war memorial site)
- Fischerdorfer Kapelle in the Fischerdorf district
- Christian Brethren Congregation Deggendorf
- Free Christian Community Deggendorf
- Christ Center East Bavaria
- Advent church Deggendorf
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses
- 2 mosques, (including a large new building opened in 2016 in the Fischerdorf district)
In terms of administrative districts, Deggendorf is located at the intersection of the two dioceses of Regensburg and Passau, which means that, depending on the district, both are represented in the urban area. The Seebach district with the Mater Dolorosa pilgrimage church in Halbmeile and the Seebach parish church belongs to the administrative area of the Diocese of Passau, while all other Catholic churches in the city area belong to the administrative area of the Diocese of Regensburg.
Deggendorf is part of the Holzkirchen candle pilgrimage that takes place every year at Pentecost . The entire pilgrimage route from Holzkirchen to Bogenberg is approx. 75 km (footpaths) over two days along the Danube. On Whit Saturday the pilgrims first make a pilgrimage from Holzkirchen to Deggendorf, where the candle spends the night in the parish church of St. Martin, on Whitsunday the pilgrimage continues from Deggendorf to Bogen and to the Bogenberg.
Community and cultural life
The cultural association and numerous other associations are involved in the fields of music, painting and art and thus enliven the city's cultural life. In addition to cultural events, there are also numerous church events on the respective occasions in the community.
- Every year there is a “ Long Culture and Shopping Night ” with free entry to museums, various events and shopping opportunities until midnight in the city center.
- In Deggendorf, the bear wort schnapps was invented by Karl Eckert and in 1919 the first bear wort distillery in the world was created in the city. Today a small Bärwurz museum at the company's headquarters in Deggendorf reminds of this time.
- During the Bavarian-Bohemian Week , which takes place every three years , there is also a wide range of Bavarian-Bohemian cultural activities in the city center.
- To present the multicultural city on the Danube on various occasions, a Danube queen has traditionally been elected every two years since 2017 . The last election of the current Danube Queen was during the Danube Festival 2019.
- Since 1970 the city has organized a Bavarian Dialect Day at regular intervals to preserve the Bavarian language , which brings together numerous recognized and well-known dialect authors from the Bavarian, Austrian and Hungarian language areas in the city.
- Since 2016 the city has owned through the Kunstverein Deggendorf e. V. in the Pflegegasse has its own public book tree for free private book exchange.
- The city marketing organization organizes a guided citizens' tour at the i. d. The Lord Mayor usually also takes part. After a river cruise to Budapest in 2018, a bus trip via Pilsen to Prague in 2019.
- The Lebenshilfe Deggendorf organizes an annual colorful market as a meeting of cultures and non-profit associations.
- The city of Deggendorf has organized the cultural event Bürgerfrühstück at regular intervals since 2016 , where all citizens are invited to a common breakfast at the old town hall on the town square with street musicians and traditional music.
- Since 2017, an annual garden festival with changing mottos has been held in the garden of the town hall in cooperation with numerous associations . While in 2017 the motto was 25 years of the new town hall, the focus was on synergy effects in 2018 and movement in 2019.
- Every year, the city organizes a Homeland Day to promote solidarity with all expellees from the Second World War.
Deggendorf, a place of pleasure
Due to its different types of dumplings, Deggendorf is one of 100 gourmet locations in Bavaria and thus part of the gourmet region in Lower Bavaria. Due to the dumpling stories of the city, a “fountain for the dumpling thrower” was even built in the western moat of the city center and reminds of the importance of this dish in the city's history.
The city itself (as of 2018) has numerous registered sports clubs, plus others from the district that use the sports facilities in the city. There is a circular route on the Rusel with eleven nature-oriented themed stations, as well as a fitness trail in the forest and an exercise course in the small city park located in the center of the city.
- Water and sport boat clubs
- 1. Motorboat Club Deggendorf e. V., Bavaria-Motor-Yacht-Club Deggendorf e. V., Danube Yacht Club Deggendorf e. V., Motorboat Club Bayerwald e. V., Niederbayerischer Motoryachtclub Landshut e. V. (in the Deggendorf sports boat harbor), 1. Water Ski Club Deggendorf e. V., sailing club Deggendorf e. V., Die Segler Deggendorf e. V., Deggendorfer rowing club from 1876 e. V., Danube Rowing Club Deggendorf 2001 e. V., Deggendorfer Tauchsportclub e. V., district fishing association Deggendorf from 1857 e. V., Fishing Association Natternberg e. V., Fischereiverein Seebach e. V.
- Ball sports
- FC Deggendorf e. V. (football), sports club Deggenau e. V. (soccer), TSV Seebach e. V. (soccer), Türk Gücü Deggendorf e. V. (football), SpVgg Grün-Weiß Deggendorf 03 e. V. ( soccer - the U17 team plays in the Bavarian League ), 1. Deggendorfer Squash Rackets Club e. V., baseball and softball club Deggendorf Dragons e. V., Handball Club Deggendorf 2015 e. V., tennis club Rot-Weiß Deggendorf e. V., Tennis Club Seebach e. V., Railway Sports Club Deggendorf e. V. (tennis and fistball), ISHC Deggendorf Pflanz e. V. ( inline skater hockey - the first team plays in the 2nd league ), Deggendorfer Golfclub e. V., Jugger Deggendorf e. V.
- Climbing sport
- German Alpine Association e. V. Section Deggendorf (climbing and bouldering on outdoor rocks and climbing hall).
- Ice and winter sports
- DSC Deggendorfer Schlittschuh-Club e. V. ( the first team in ice hockey plays in the 3rd league ) ( professional league), Eisstockclub Greising 1995, Ski & Bike Deggendorf e. V., Eisstockverein Fischerdorf.
- Ball sports
- Pool Brothers Deggendorf 90 e. V., Deggendorfer Sonnen-Kegler e. V., Deggendorfer Sportkegler-Verein e. V., Sport-Kegel-Club Altschaching, Sport-Kegelclub Frisch Auf Deggendorf.
- Equestrian sport
- Fahr- und Reitverein Altholz e. V., RC Reitclub Deggendorf e. V.
- Shooting clubs
- Sportschützenclub Deggendorf 1974 e. V., Hauptschützengemeinschaft Deggendorf (HSG), Schützenverein Altbayern Fischerdorf e. V., Schützenverein Fröhliche Bergler Greising e. V., shooting club Hubertus Deggenau e. V., shooting club Vorbergler Deggendorf e. V., Schützenverein Wildschütz Deggenau e. V., Böllerschützen Donaugau Deggendorf e. V., Bergschützen Seebach e. V.
- Martial arts
- Shotokan Karate Dojo Deggendorf e. V., Karate and Kobudo Association Seibukan Deggendorf e. V., Box-Club Deggendorf e. V. Dojo-Deggendorf e. V.
- Mixed sports clubs
- Sports club Mietraching e. V. (including curling, wrestling, skiing), TSV Natternberg e. V. (including archery, badminton, soccer, ice stock, tennis, volleyball), TSV von 1861 Deggendorf e. V. (including athletics, table tennis, gymnastics, martial arts, the first volleyball team plays in the 3rd division ).
- Other sports clubs
- 1. Deggendorfer Hundesportverein e. V., Laufverein Deggendorf e. V., Luftsportverein Deggendorf-Plattling e. V. (sports flying club), Night-Street-Racer e. V. (Auto-Tuning-Club), Schachverein Deggendorf, Dartclub Deggendorf e. V. ( the first team plays in the Bayern League ), Skateboarding Deggendorf e. V., Danube Waves (dance sport), SV Blau-Weiß Semperit e. V., motorcycle club Deggendorf e. V.
Regular sporting events
In addition to smaller tournaments and club events in sports facilities or the town halls, the third Zurich Race Night took place on July 27, 2019 as the first Deggendorf Summer Games at the Volksfestplatz in Deggendorf. Other regular sporting events include a. the Lower Bavarian-Upper Palatinate bodybuilding championship , the Deggendorf city cycling , the Deggendorf two-bridge run , the Deggendorf half marathon and a riding tournament of the Deggendorf riding club .
The city's location between the Gäuboden plain and the Bavarian Forest opens up many opportunities for recreational activities. Long-distance hiking trails (via nova), as well as circular and long-distance hiking trails lead through Deggendorf or have their exit here. Many hikes can be made in the nearby mountains. Cycling on the Isar or the Danube, to mountain biking in the Bavarian Forest (e.g. Rusel ) is just as possible as water sports on the quarry ponds, the Isar and the Danube. In winter, cross-country skiing and downhill skiing are practiced on the surrounding mountains of the nearby Bavarian Forest, the Deggendorf-Greising ski area with cross-country skiing trails and a ski lift is located in the Greising district. In addition to everyday leisure activities, canoe and kayak tours, stand-up puddling tours or raft trips on the Isar and Danube can also be booked with some organizers, and a hot-air balloon ride over the city and region is also possible. In addition, z. For example, the year-round swimming pool "Elypso", the highest golf course in southern Bavaria on the Rusel and a 3D archery course. In 2019, an extensive renovation plan for the Elypso was decided in 2021, and a survey revealed that citizens wanted an additional hot water wellness pool with massage jets. In January 2018 the largest climbing hall in Lower Bavaria with indoor and outdoor climbing walls and a boulder area was opened on the initiative of the Deggendorf Alpine Club section. At the end of 2019, after the last external extension, the entire climbing area was 2566 square meters. A climbing rock wall (Martins wall) for real climbing conditions is also available in the Deggenau district.
Long-distance hiking trails
Deggendorf is u. a. on 5 major long-distance hiking trails. On the international pilgrimage route " Via Nova ", which connects Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria, on the 220 km long Danube Panorama Trail from Neustadt an der Donau to Passau along the Danube and on the 52 km long Böhmweg hiking trail along the old trade route from Deggendorf through the Bavarian Forest to Bohemia. On the north-eastern edge of the municipality, the approx. 395 km long southern Goldsteig route from Marktredwitz to Passau and the E8 long-distance hiking trail cross the local area on approx. 4 km of forest between Ruselabsatz and Breitenauriegel. From the Ruselabsatz (parking lot) there is an opportunity to join the approximately 7500 km long European long-distance hiking trail E8 from Istanbul (Turkey) to Dursey (Ireland) through 11 countries and into the southern Goldsteig route , which are congruent in the municipality. There is also the opportunity to take part in the pilgrims' march from Deggendorf to Altötting every year, or to explore the annual pilgrimage route yourself. In addition, there is the possibility of combining a little below the city limits in Niederalteich from the Danube to the Gunthersteig through the Bavarian Forest to the Czech Republic.
The city park includes various children's playgrounds, sports facilities (soccer, tennis and beach volleyball), mini golf and table tennis with a kiosk, a skate park, an accessible stream, and a public Kneipp basin and is considered the city's green lung.
Since December 2006, one of the 3 visitable properties of the Gut Aiderbichl animal gnadenhof can also be found in the Deggendorf district of Seebach (Eichberg) with over 15 animal species and several hundred animals. A separate Christmas market is held during Advent.
The Deggendorfer Stadtwald extends over an old and now wooded vineyard with numerous seating and views of parts of the city and the Danube. The approx. 3 km long circular route offers individual shortcuts and includes a forest nature trail and leads past the Geiersberg pilgrimage church with its fountain, pond, stream and Kneipp basin. Not far from the church is the Heldenhain memorial (today Gefallenenhain), which was laid out in 1929, for fallen or missing soldiers from both world wars. To commemorate the Deggendorf wine-growing regions of Baierwein, a small vineyard with a history board was integrated into the circular route as a memorial.
City Hall Park
The city hall park with green spaces, a large pond, table tennis, facility-independent sports facilities and a hotel is directly adjacent to the city halls and the THD.
Right on the city limits in the immediate vicinity of the Tiergnadenhof there is an alpaca and adventure farm with various animal species in Sicking in the Schaufling municipality. The Alpakahof Schreiber is also the only adventure farm in the district that is operated as such and offers various events in addition to guided tours.
Donaupark (Danube promenade)
On the Danube, the leisure and recreational areas created for the Deggendorf State Garden Show 2014 in the Donaupark, with Danube beaches, promenade with barrier-free access, various restaurants, excursion boats, water and climbing playgrounds, a beach house lounge, sports facilities, a pedestrian bridge over the Danube and a Beach bar right on the water to linger. The Danube promenade can be walked up to a water level of just over 5 meters; If the water level is rarely higher, you can take the path on the higher Danube dam. At the adjacent campsite there is an easily accessible boat slipway with optional technical support for a fee; landing with boats on the city beaches is permitted.
In addition to numerous smaller events in the town halls, the city also offers an eleven-day VDK spring festival for around 100,000 visitors and an alternating civic festival, a Bavarian-Bohemian week and a summer dream party on the Danube promenade. As a replacement for the folk festival, the Deggendorfer Donaufest and the Deggendorfer Donauroas (duck and dragon boat races) have been taking place every year since 2015. In the second edition in 2017, the number of visitors to the five-day Danube Festival reached almost 100,000 visitors. The next Danube Festival is to take place in 2021.
In addition to the four large Stadtplatz goods markets, the following larger regular events should also be mentioned: Afrikafest, Bayern 3 Partyschiff, Sea and Sound Clubboat, Flugtage at the sports airfield, Coronator Starkbierfest, Campus Open Air of the THD, a backyard music festival, an international guitar festival, a ElectriCity music festival, as well as one of the largest over 30 parties in Bavaria twice a year. During the Advent season, the daily Christmas market is held on the upper town square, on two Advent weekends this is expanded to include an additional children's Christmas market in the old town.
The city is traversed by the Danube over a length of around 6 km in a south-easterly direction, in the upper and lower course the city borders on one side for a further 5 km. The last 1.63 km of the Isar up to its confluence with the Danube lie entirely in the Fischerdorf district in the Deggendorf urban area. The city is also crossed by numerous brooks, the best known are the Kollbach which also flows through the city park and after the city park flows into the Danube as Bogenbach on the Danube promenade, the Hammermühlbach which flows into the Kollbach immediately before the city park, the Höllbach along the state road from the Rusel, the Ufersbach, the Breitenbach, the Mietrachinger Bach, the Tattenbergbach, the Saulochbach, the Irlmoosbach, the Greisinger Bach, the Saubach in Fischerdorf, the Hängebach, the Seebacher Bach and the Natternberger Mühlbach. The most famous of the various floodplains are the Alte Isar and the Schwaig-Isar, which are u. a. are in the immediate estuary. In addition to several small fish ponds, the most famous dredging and bathing lakes in the urban area are the Burgsee, the Hackerweiher and the Singerhofweiher, as well as the Luberweiher located on the city limits in the municipal area of Niederalteich. Along the Höllbach and Hammermühlbach in the Mietraching district, there are several small water reservoirs, and a new pond with a fountain was created in the city hall park as part of the redesign for the 2014 State Garden Show. All regular bodies of water in the urban area together had (as of) a total water area of around 325 ha (3.25 square kilometers) in 2013.
- From 2020, the longstanding discussion of the Danube expansion between Straubing and Deggendorf will begin as the first of two sections within the scope of flood protection by RMD Wasserstraßen GmbH on the Bavarian Danube. In this regard, in addition to further measures, the fairway in this area is to be deepened by an average of 20 cm in the following years in order to give commercial river navigation more safety in phases of low water.
There are seven protected areas and seven protected geotopes as well as around 50 archaeological monuments within the city limits. The three islands in the Danube are also part of a nature reserve.
- 2 nature reserves: the mouth of the Isar and the Kingdom of Heaven
- 2 landscape protection areas: Bavarian Forest Nature Park and Isar floodplain
- 3 FFH areas: Donauauen, eastern extensive meadows and the mouth of the Isar
- 2 bird sanctuaries: Isar meadows and between Stauffendorfer Weiher and Danube
- 7 geotopes: Martinswand (Deggenau), gneiss outcrop (half mile), Maxfelsen (Hackermühle), road outcrops Ruselstraße, Sauloch gorge (Tattenberg), Natternberg, Geiersberg.
- Around 50 archaeological monuments
The Deggendorf district group of the Bund Naturschutz mainly offers groups of children and young people from u. a. Schools and kindergartens, as well as environmental educational excursions with their own excursion boat TAKATUKA as part of a holiday program . Depending on the age group, the motto of the excursions is “Danube pirate training”, “Adventurous research trip” or “Excursion for adults” and also takes you by boat from the Danube Park to one of the protected islands in the Danube. The Takatuka can carry up to 12 people per crossing. The environmental educational project aims to bring children and adults closer to nature and the Danube as a habitat, to educate them, to show what there is to discover and why protected areas and nature conservation are important.
Deggendorf as a film set
Various city scenes from the four-part ARD crime series “ Das Disappearance ” from 2017 were filmed in Deggendorf.
- Georg Bauer: Chronicle of the royal Bavarian city Deggendorf. Deggendorf 1894. ( digitized version )
- Klaus Rose: Deggendorf. In: Historical Atlas of Bavaria, part of Old Bavaria . 27. Munich 1971. * Erich Kandler: Deggendorf - city between Gäu and forest. From the beginning to the present. Grafenau 1976.
- Konrad Held: Magnificent work by the court sculptor (Matthias) Seybold. The fate of the baroque high altar of the Eichstätter cathedral. In: Historische Blätter, 37 (1988), No. 2, pp. 1-4, No. 3, pp. 3f
- Look here at Deggendorf. Images and texts from the life of a city, its history and culture, its houses, streets and squares, from the work and the festivals of its citizens. Deggendorf 1991.
- Johannes Molitor: Deggendorf. City between the Danube and the Bavarian Forest. Stuttgart 1994, ISBN 978-3-09-303806-8 .
- Manfred Eder: The "Deggendorfer Gnad". Origin and development of a host pilgrimage in the context of theology and history. With a foreword by Franz Mußner. Deggendorf / Passau 1992.
- A bridge to the year 2000. The history of the Deggendorf bridge over the Danube. In: Deggendorf. Archeology and City History , 8th Deggendorf 2000.
- Settlers - nuns - citizens. In: Deggendorf. Archeology and City History, 10. Deggendorf 2002.
- Johannes Molitor (Ed.): Deggendorf 1002-2002. In: Deggendorfer Geschichtsblätter , Volume 24, Deggendorf 2003.
- Gerald Huber : A short history of Lower Bavaria. 2nd edition Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-7917-2048-7 .
- Lutz Dieter Behrendt : Deggendorf - Small town history. Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-7917-2646-5 .
- City administration
- Digitalization of the image in the photo archive of older original documents from the Philipps University of Marburg Certificate from Emperor Heinrich II, Regensburg, November 20, 1002 with the first mention of the place name Deggindorf
- Deggendorf: Official statistics of the LfStat
- Deggendorf in Christian and Jewish reference works City of Deggendorf (research on haGalil from June 4, 2012)
- Deggendorf Pulsates city marketin of the city of Deggendorf
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Lord Mayor Dr. Christian Moser. City of Deggendorf, accessed on June 6, 2020 .
- Deggendorf in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bavarian State Library
- The Jews of Deggendorf: A Lower Bavarian Folksong , on: hagalil.com, March 31, 2009.
- Heldenhain is now called Gefallenenhain , In: Deggendorfer Zeitung , November 14, 2013.
- Flood: The situation in Dillingen is easing - A8 will soon open again , on augsburger-allgemeine.de, June 4, 2013.
- Flood victims examine the damage . on: spiegel.de
- https://www.classis-augusta-germanica.de/cag-1/schiff /
- Bavaria: With the spruce trunks along the Isar. In: DiePresse.com. November 17, 2017, accessed August 9, 2019 .
- Wilhelm Volkert (Ed.): Handbook of the Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 605 .
- City of Deggendorf Religion , 2011 census
- residents. Statistics. (No longer available online.) City of Deggendorf, archived from the original on January 3, 2014 ; Retrieved January 3, 2014 .
- City of Deggendorf Inhabitants Figures Data Facts , accessed on May 8, 2020
- City of Deggendorf, city council election on March 15, 2020
- City council election & mayor election in Deggendorf 2020 - candidates & results. In: Wahl.info. March 15, 2020, accessed May 1, 2020 .
- Election result of March 15, 2020. wahl.info, March 16, 2020, accessed on March 16, 2020 .
- Entry on the Deggendorf coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Citizens' initiative to preserve the open-air swimming pool in the city park. hans-feichtinger.de, accessed on January 20, 2015 .
- City council for new district - including high-rise. PNP , October 20, 2014, accessed November 25, 2014 .
- Citizens' petitions against the Karl-Hochhaus. PNP , December 3, 2014, accessed December 4, 2014 .
- Citizens' petition against Deggendorf high-rise building. br.de, January 13, 2015, archived from the original on January 20, 2015 ; accessed on January 13, 2015 .
- High-rise citizens' initiative: 2217 signatures handed over. PNP , January 13, 2015, accessed January 15, 2015 .
- High-rise: referendum on March 22nd. In: www.pnp.de. PNP , February 9, 2015, accessed February 10, 2015 .
- Citizens' decision: 36 meter high-rise can be built in Deggendorf. In: www.pnp.de. PNP , March 22, 2015, accessed March 22, 2015 .
- https://www.idowa.de/inhalt.bayern-bayern-fuehrt-ein a2fccc278c8d.html
- Commune of the Year and Bavarian Quality Award : Prize Winner , accessed on January 7, 2015.
- Start in Deggendorfer initial reception facility , pnp.de
- Asylum seekers in Bavaria , sueddeutsche.de
- Press releases on the reception facility ( memento from November 25, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), bayern.de
- https://www.wochenblatt.de/news-stream/deggendorf/artikel/202171/csu- deggendorf
- Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation: Deggendorf - Architectural Monuments - Ensemble Stadtplatz
- City of Deggendorf - Renting the old town hall
- http://www.museen-deggendorf.de/ - the cultural quarter
- The old barracks in Deggendorf after the Second World War S. Michael Westerholz , hagalil.com
- https://www.wochenblatt.de/news-stream/deggendorf/artikel/193342/donaufest-deggendorf- runde