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Liebherr-International SA

legal form Corporation
founding 1949
Seat Bulle , Switzerland
management Willi Liebherr
( Chairman of the Board of Directors )
Isolde Liebherr
( Vice President of the Board of Directors )
Jan Liebherr, Stéfanie Wohlfarth, Sophie Albrecht, Patricia Rüf, Philipp Liebherr, Johanna Platt (members of the shareholder committee)
Number of employees 48,000 (2019)
sales EUR 11.8 billion (2019)
Branch Mechanical engineering , vehicle construction , household appliances , building construction , civil engineering , hotels , mining, earthmoving, aerospace and traffic engineering

Tower crane Liebherr-710 HC-L 32/64 Litronic

The Liebherr Group is a family-run company with headquarters in Bulle ( Switzerland ), which was founded in 1949 by Hans Liebherr in Kirchdorf an der Iller , Baden-Württemberg . The parent company is Liebherr-International SA

The decentralized Group comprises eleven business, carried their operational management by divisional control companies: earthmoving, mining, mobile cranes , tower cranes , concrete technology, maritime cranes, machine tools and automation systems, aerospace and transportation systems, components, home appliances and hotels.

The group of companies employs 43,869 people worldwide in over 130 companies and in 2017 generated total sales of 9.8 billion euros. 60.5% of sales are made in the countries of Western Europe. The family business is run by the siblings Isolde and Willi Liebherr in the second generation and by Sophie Albrecht, Jan Liebherr, Patricia Rüf, Stéfanie Wohlfarth, Philipp Liebherr and Johanna Platt in the third generation.


In 1938, Hans Liebherr took over the management of his parents' construction business in Kirchdorf an der Iller in the Biberach district . After returning from the Second World War , in 1949 he developed a mobile tower crane ( TK 10 ) to make work easier on small construction sites , which could be assembled within a few hours. It was presented in the same year at the Frankfurt autumn fair . The demand for this world first turned the construction company into construction machinery manufacturer Liebherr, which added further models to its product range as early as 1950.

The 50,000 wheeled excavator from Liebherr, an LH 904 with a special paint job at Bauma 2007

When a cable excavator rented in 1953 showed a noticeable imbalance between weight and excavated material, Liebherr took this as an opportunity to develop the first hydraulic excavator on the continent. The L300 weighed only 7.5 tons and, thanks to the hydraulic cylinders , could dig into the ground with greater force than conventional models that only worked with the weight of the shovel itself.

In the same year, Liebherr was asked by the director of his house bank whether he would be interested in taking over an insolvent refrigerator factory. After inquiring about the production times and prices of the components, he set up his own production facility for refrigerators he had developed himself in Ochsenhausen in 1954 .

Also in 1954, Liebherr built a second crane factory in Biberach an der Riss , and in 1958 the company already had over 2000 employees. In the same year the first foreign company was founded in Ireland . In 1960, the repair of aircraft landing gear and hydraulic equipment for the German armed forces began in Lindenberg im Allgäu . This resulted in the Liebherr Aerospace division . In the same year, the plant in Bischofshofen, Austria , was opened for the production of wheel loaders .

Liebherr dump trucks

In 1964 the company had a share of around 60 percent in German crane production. 1969 began in Ehingen (Donau) the production of mobile cranes in the 1970s works were in the US (start of production of dump trucks opened) and Brazil. Also in the early 1970s, transmission plants for automobile production were set up in the Soviet Union together with other mechanical engineering companies . In 1974, the Liebherr foreign companies accounted for 44 percent of sales and 53 percent of revenues, and the group employed 8,500 people. In 1982 the seat was moved to Switzerland to avoid paying inheritance tax in Germany.

When Hans Liebherr died in 1993, the group employed more than 9,000 people in Germany alone and had a turnover equivalent to 2.5 billion euros. Since then, the group has been managed by the second and third generation of siblings Isolde and Willi Liebherr, who are now on the board of directors.

In 1995, the company developed stereo steering for wheel loaders, which resulted in a level of maneuverability for these construction machines that had not been achieved before.


Liebherr household refrigerator

The group also owns six hotels in Austria, Ireland and Germany.

Together with the Bernard Krone vehicle plant , Liebherr founded the ° Celsineo brand at the beginning of 2019 for the development, production and sale of modular refrigeration systems for refrigeration logistics.

Production sites

In 2018, the company produced at 43 locations in 50 factories in 18 countries on four continents. In Germany, the locations are mainly in Upper Swabia and the Allgäu .

country city Product range founding Employees
AlgeriaAlgeria Algeria Ain Smara Earth moving machines 2012
BrazilBrazil Brazil Guaratinguetá (Plant 1) Excavators, tower cranes, wheel loaders and truck mixers 1974 1299
Guaratinguetá (Plant 2) Aerospace components 2005 300
BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria Plovdiv (Plant 1) Refrigerators and freezers 1999 1940
Plovdiv (Plant 2) Equipment for rail vehicles 2009 270
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China Dalian Wheel loaders, handling technology, travel and swivel drives, hydraulic excavators 2002 260
Zhuji Air conditioning technology and actuation systems for rail vehicles 2007 120
Changsha Landing gear systems for the aviation industry 2012
Xuzhou (Plant 1) concrete mixer 1996 10
Xuzhou (Plant 2) Mixing and recycling plants 2007 140
GermanyGermany Germany Bad Schussenried Concrete mixing plants, recycling plants, truck mixer superstructures, conveyor belts for truck mixers, controls, measuring technology, truck concrete pumps 1954 660
Biberach an der Riss (Plant 1) Liebherr-Werk Biberach - tower cranes and mobile construction cranes 1954 1480
Biberach an der Riss (Plant 2) Liebherr-Components Biberach - slewing bearings, gears and cable winches, control technology, electrical machines 2012 1530
Deggendorf Injection systems 2015 310
Ehingen Liebherr-Werk Ehingen - mobile and crawler cranes 1969 3460
Ettlingen (Plant 1) Gear cutting tools and CBN grinding tools 2004 150
Ettlingen (Plant 2) ReMan, ReBuilt and general overhauls of drive components 1993 90
Friedrichshafen Actuating and propulsion systems for helicopters and aircraft 1999 350
Kempten (Allgäu) Liebherr-Verzahntechnik - hobbing machines, gear shaping machines, hobbing and profile grinding machines, gear cutting tools, material flow and handling technology 1969 1260
Kirchdorf an der Iller (Plant 1) Liebherr hydraulic excavators and Liebherr Logistics - mobile and hydraulic excavators 1949 1540
Kirchdorf an der Iller (Plant 2) Hydraulic cylinders, gas cylinders and dampers 2014 390
Lindau Assemblies and devices from the field of electronic controls and complete systems 2000 580
Lindenberg in the Allgäu Liebherr-Aerospace Lindenberg - landing gears, actuation systems, flight controls and electronics for aircraft 1960 2700
New Ulm Concrete pumps 2013 100
Ochsenhausen - Free-standing and built-in devices for cooling and freezing technology 1954 1970
Rostock Liebherr-MCCtec Rostock - mobile harbor, offshore and ship cranes , reach stackers 2002 1630
FranceFrance France Colmar (Plant 1) Hydraulic excavator 1961 1360
Colmar (Plant 2) Mining and dredging 2011 560
Toulouse Air conditioning systems for aircraft 1971 1330
United KingdomUnited Kingdom Great Britain Sunderland Ship, oil rig and special cranes 1989 200
IndiaIndia India Bangalore Gear cutting machines 2003 40
Navi Mumbai Concrete mixing technology 2006 170
Pune Tower cranes 2008 160
Aurangabad Refrigerators and freezers 2018 210
IrelandIreland Ireland Killarney Container loading bridges, rubber-tired and rail-bound stacking cranes 1958 900
ItalyItaly Italy Collegno Gear cutting tools 2004 80
MalaysiaMalaysia Malaysia Kluang Refrigerators and freezers for commercial use 2007 470
MexicoMexico Mexico García Drive technology components 2009 190
AustriaAustria Austria Bischofshofen Wheel loader 1960 1030
Telfs Dozers and loaders, pipelayers, telehandlers 1976 630
Nenzing Hydro rope excavators and crawler cranes, piling and drilling rigs 1976 1480
Lienz Stand-alone refrigeration and freezing equipment, freezers, wine refrigerators, refrigerators and freezers for commercial use (the household freezer division is to be relocated to Malaysia by the end of 2020, but commercial refrigerators and freezers are to be expanded) 1980 1320
Korneuburg Equipment for rail vehicles 1997 230
RussiaRussia Russia Dzerzhinsk Steel assemblies for tower cranes and earthmoving machines 2006 630
Nizhny Novgorod Flight control and actuation systems 2007 90
SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Cop Liebherr Machines Bulle - diesel engines for construction, agricultural and forestry machinery, combined heat and power plants, biogas plants and components for drive technology (including axial piston motors) 1978 1160
SpainSpain Spain Pamplona Tower cranes 1990 250
ThailandThailand Thailand Rayong Truck mixers and mixing plants 1997 220
United StatesUnited States United States Newport News Large dump trucks 1995 410
Saline (Michigan) Gear cutting machines 1986 60


Liebherr-Logistics GmbH

legal form GmbH
founding 2013
Seat Kirchdorf an der Iller
management Martin Barth
Number of employees 102
Branch logistics
Website Liebherr-Logistics GmbH
Status: 2014

Liebherr-Logistics GmbH , founded in 2013, is an independent company within the Liebherr Group responsible for the worldwide supply of spare parts for earthmoving machines . On a 360,000 m² area in Oberopfingen , Kirchdorf an der Iller in the district of Biberach in Baden-Württemberg , a continental warehouse with 170,000 m² of covered hall space and a 4,500 m² administration building has been located since July 2013.

There are around 60,000 pallet spaces and 24 picking workstations in the 36-meter-high high- bay warehouse . The small parts warehouse with 122,000 container storage locations is operated in normal shifts with eight order picking workstations. The storage and retrieval takes place according to the FIFO procedure. All delivery items are stored in batches , the output is 3500 spare parts items per hour.

Tax, Subsidy Policy and Defense Industry

In 1978, Hans Liebherr founded Liebherr Machines Bulle SA in Bulle , Switzerland, and in 1982, when Liebherr-International SA was founded , relocated the company's headquarters to Switzerland in order to avoid paying inheritance tax in Germany. It is the company's stated goal to use government subsidies to minimize risks. The group received z. B. 2010 for investments in Rostock 28.7 million euros from the EU, although in the same year he made 494 million euros after taxes, had an equity ratio of 57.7% and had 1.2 billion euros in liquid funds. In individual areas of its production, Liebherr is doing its part to ensure that Germany was the fourth largest arms exporter in the world in 2015.

Liebherr Hotels

Interalpen-Hotel Tyrol in front of the Hohe Munde

The group also includes six hotels in Ireland, Austria and Germany with a total bed capacity of 1450 beds. In the mid-1970s, Isolde Liebherr took over the management of the services division and thus also of the hotels.

country city Surname
IrelandIreland Ireland Fossa , Killarney The Europe Hotel & Resort
Caragh Lake, Killorglin Ard na Sidhe Country House
Beaufort, Killarney The Dunloe Hotel & Gardens
AustriaAustria Austria Telfs booking Interalpen-Hotel Tyrol
Schruns Löwen Hotel Montafon
GermanyGermany Germany Memmingen Hotel falcons

Liebherr family

Other family members of the company's founder, Hans Liebherr (1915–1993), who are or were active in the company, are his children:

The business magazine Bilanz estimates the assets of the Liebherr family at 4.5 billion Swiss francs . In the list of the 500 richest Germans , she is 22nd.

Sports sponsorship

The company is currently the main sponsor of the table tennis friends Ochsenhausen . Liebherr has also sponsored the German national team since 2005 and is also a partner of the table tennis world association ITTF . In 1997 the company became the name, main and jersey sponsor of the Grazer AK through the mediation of Klaus Augenthaler and remained so until 2007.


  • Liebherr - cranes + more. Ed .: Museum Biberach, Frank Brunecker. City of Biberach. Frank Brunecker, 2005.
  • 40 years of Liebherr tower cranes , Liebherr, Biberach an der Riss 1989, DNB 911376046 .
  • Frank Brunecker (Ed.): Liebherr - Cranes + more. Museum Biberach / Biberacher Verlags-Druckerei, Biberach 2005, ISBN 3-933614-19-8 (exhibition catalog Braith-Mali-Museum, Biberach an der Riss).
  • Stephan Bergerhoff, Heinz-Gert Kessel, Pius Meyer: Tower cranes, over 100 years on construction sites all over the world , Podszun, Brilon 2010, ISBN 978-3-86133-560-3 .
  • Konstantin Hellstern, Oliver Thum: Liebherr large cranes: LTM 1800, LG 1550, LTR 1800, LR 1550 , Podszun, Brilon 2011, ISBN 978-3-86133-588-7 .
  • Dirk P. Moeller: Crane and Construction Machinery Museum: From Idea to Reality . Technical article in: Stahlbau Nr. 4, 2012, Ernst & Sohn, Berlin 2012, ISSN  0038-9145 .
  • Ulf Böge, Rainer Volkwein: Liebherr - Success Story of Hydraulic Excavators Volume 1 , Podszun, Brilon, 2019, ISBN 3-861339404 .

Web links

Commons : Liebherr  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b The organizational structure of the group of companies
  2. a b From generation to generation
  3. a b c [1]
  4. Frank Brunecker (Ed.): Liebherr - Cranes + more. Biberacher Verlags-Druckerei, Biberach 2005, ISBN 3-933614-19-8 , pp. 17-26.
  5. Official website
  6. Annual Report 2017. Accessed May 7, 2018 .
  7. Annual Report 2015
  8. From generation to generation. Retrieved May 7, 2018 .
  9. a b Rainer Frenkel: The simple recipes of Hans Liebherr , Die Zeit from October 18, 1974.
  10. a b Frank Brunecker: Liebherr - Cranes and more , opening speech for the exhibition at the Museum Biberach / Riß on May 12, 2005 (PDF; 70 kB).
  11. Stefan Lüscher: Germans make Switzerland rich ,, January 3, 2012.
  12. Christian Keun: The richest Germans: Shoveled billions with the excavator . Article from Manager Magazin on Spiegel Online , August 10, 2001, accessed on May 17, 2013.
  13. Willi Liebherr. Bloomberg Businessweek, accessed June 29, 2013 .
  14. Isolde Liebherr. Bloomberg Businessweek, accessed June 29, 2013 .
  15. Confined spaces? No problem . In: Baupraxis Zeitung , January 1, 1995, p. 26 (online preview). Retrieved May 17, 2013.
  16. ^ Liebherr Aerospace . Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  17. Liebherr and Krone are reinventing transport refrigeration , , March 16, 2019
  18. Manufacturing locations of the group of companies. Liebherr International SA, accessed on October 29, 2018 .
  19. ^ Liebherr-MCCtec Rostock GmbH
  20. Fear for jobs in Lienz, March 1, 2020, accessed March 1, 2020.
  21. a b Annual financial statements for the 2014 financial year from the Federal Gazette , accessed on May 8, 2016
  22. Liebherr opens new logistics center in Oberopfingen called May 8, 2016.
  23. Company data on
  24. Company data on
  25. Stefan Lüscher: Germans make Switzerland rich ,, January 3, 2012.
  26. Wolfgang Remlinger: Successful production. Success factors for Germany as a location using the example of Liebherr's establishment in Rostock. (PDF; 2.7 MB) Liebherr MCCtec GmbH, archived from the original on July 29, 2007 ; accessed on February 11, 2017 .
  27. EU approves subsidies of millions for Liebherr. Ostsee-Zeitung , July 6, 2010, archived from the original on February 11, 2013 ; accessed on February 11, 2017 .
  28. 2010 consolidated financial statements of Liebherr-International AG, Bulle, available at
  29. Schwäbische Zeitung: "Those who sow weapons will reap refugees" from October 6, 2015, accessed on November 4, 2018
  30. The hotels of the group of companies
  31. Stefan Lüscher: Export hit billionaires , balance sheet, January 3, 2012
  32. table tennis . Münster 2005,9, p. 4, ISSN  0930-0791