|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Swabia|
|Height :||601 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||70.14 km 2|
|Residents:||44,100 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||629 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||87700|
|Area code :||08331|
|License plate :||MM|
|Community key :||09 7 64 000|
|City structure:||27 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Manfred Schilder ( CSU )|
|Location of the city of Memmingen in Bavaria|
Memmingen [ 'mɛmɪŋən ] is an independent city in the Bavarian administrative district of Swabia . The former imperial city is the regional center as well as the school, administrative and commercial center in the Danube-Iller region . The urban area borders in the west on the Iller , which forms the border with Baden-Württemberg here, and is surrounded to the north, east and south by the district of Unterallgäu .
The city in Upper Swabia is the fourth largest city in the administrative region of Swabia with 43,837 inhabitants. The origins of the city go back to Roman times. With its many squares, town houses and patrician houses, palaces and the city fortifications, the old town is one of the best preserved cities in southern Germany. Thanks to the good transport connections by road, rail and in the air, it is the transport hub of Upper Swabia, Allgäu and Central Swabia.
The city also describes itself as the “gateway to the Allgäu”. The local slogan is "Memmingen - City with Perspectives". More recently, “Memmingen - City of Human Rights” has also appeared, which is mainly related to the historical Twelve Articles and the Memmingen Freedom Prize 1525 . Every four years at the Wallenstein Festival , the nickname "Wallensteins Memmingen" is also common.
Memmingen is located near the Bavarian western border with Baden-Württemberg on the Iller , about 50 kilometers south of Ulm and 115 kilometers southwest of Munich in the Memminger dry valley, which served as the main drainage channel for the Iller glacier during the last ice age. The Memminger dry valley belongs geographically to the area of Upper and Central Swabia . Of course, the urban area is limited in the west by the Buxacher Halde, in the southeast by the Benninger Ried , in the east by the valley flank on which the municipality of Memmingerberg lies. In the northeast, the district of Eisenburg delimits the urban area. For tourist reasons, the city administration usually answers yes to the question of whether Memmingen is in the Allgäu. However, due to its cultural and architectural history, Memmingen is part of the Upper Swabia area.
Memmingen and its districts are located on an old glacier plateau. The soil in the city center is mostly sandy, in the districts and in the west of Memmingen it is loamy. The glacier has left gravel behind in some places (e.g. on the Steinheimer Flur). In the east, the water table is very high (mostly 1.5–2.5 meters below the surface of the earth), where many small streams arise. The city lies partly on old moorland. From there, at the time the city was founded, waters were pooled and directed into the city. This created the Memminger Ach . The north industrial area is located on fertile, humus-rich soil and was formerly the granary of Upper Swabia. Today only peripheral areas in the direction of Heimertingen and Buxheim are used for agriculture. The district of Eisenburg is located on a collection of larger stone formations, compressed by the glacier, which form a separate high plateau.
Geographical data of the city of Memmingen:
- Lowest point: (Iller near Egelsee)
- Highest point: (water reservoir in the Eisenburger forest)
- The local mean is (marketplace)
Expansion of the urban area
The urban area of Memmingen measures 14.6 kilometers in the largest north-south extension, and 11.3 kilometers in the east-west direction. The urban area consists of the districts of Memmingen, Amendingen, Buxach, Dickenreishausen, Eisenburg, Ferthofen, Steinheim, Volkratshofen and part of the district of Buxheim (the other part of the district forms the municipality of Buxheim ). The circumference of the city is 75.3 kilometers. The total area is 70.14 square kilometers, of which 3505 hectares are agricultural land and 1709 hectares are forest. The water area is 51.5 hectares, the public traffic areas 530 and the recreational and green areas 75 hectares.
The complete list of the districts and districts includes: Memmingen, Altstadt, Amendingen , Aumühle, Baltensiedlung, Baumsiedlung, Blumensiedlung, Berliner Freiheit, Bleiche , Brunnen , Buxach , Buxachermühle , Buxachtal, Dichterviertel, Dickenreishausen , Dobelhalde, Egelsee , Eisenburg , Ferthofen , Galgenberg, Gallows stockpile, Green ford , hard , heat Hofen , Hühnerberg, in Dick rice, Iller field , Kalkerfeld, calves stockpile Künersberg, arts district, Mitter Esch, musicians district, New world, Oberesch, oil mill, powder Bauer, Priemen , Roman settlement, Schnaid , hospital mill , Stadelesmühle, Steigmühle , Steinheim , Straßbauer , Straßbauerhölzl , Teichgarten , Unterhart , Unteresch, Volkratshofen , Wegmann and Weidenbühl .
With the annual average temperature and the amount of precipitation, Memmingen is in the temperate zone . The precipitation is usually a little higher and the minimum temperatures a little lower than the average. In spring and autumn, due to the nearby Iller and the Memminger Ach flowing through the city, thick fog is quite common in the old town and the western districts. The coldest month is January with an average daily low temperature of −5 ° C and an average daily high temperature of +2 ° C. The warmest months are July and August with an average minimum temperature of 12 ° C and an average maximum temperature of 24 ° C.
Average temperature and precipitation values
History of the city of Memmingen
The first settlement in the Stone Age is documented by finds on the Iller near Ferthofen. The first building finds date from Roman times. Presumably there was a small watch and settlement post there. Two names, Cassiliacum or Viaca, come into consideration for this. Remnants of the settlement are under the St. Martin's Church and the Antonite Monastery . It cannot be determined whether a new master took over the settlement after the Romans left . Since the sphere of influence of the St. Gallen monastery ended shortly before Memmingen, documents about the corridors must have been available, especially in the Augsburg monastery . Documents were lost due to the repeated destruction of the Augsburg library. Due to the ending -ingen , however, it can be assumed that the name was given around the 4th and 5th centuries. It is fairly certain that an Alemannic settlement was founded in the 5th century . A Frankish royal court is suspected from the 7th century . A first church could have been built then. There are remains of Romanesque or early Romanesque architectural styles under the Frauenkirche . The name Memmingen can be traced back to a royal court near the Mammo settlement . Over time, the settlement disappeared and only the name remained.
The trading post gained increasing importance through the salt route from Bohemia , Austria and Munich to Lindau and the route from northern Germany to Switzerland and Italy . Mammingin was first mentioned in 1128 in a document written in the Ochsenhausen monastery , in which the negotiation of a dispute and a state parliament from 1099 are mentioned. From this it can be concluded that Memmingen was already an important place for the Guelphs , as state parliaments only took place in centers of power politics. The town of Memmingen grew into a city relatively quickly. Various finds during excavations in 1991 in the area of the Antonite monastery and the market square show that the settlement was still relatively small in the 9th century. In the 11th and 12th centuries, however, a high population growth can be seen. The ongoing dispute with the Guelphs caused Friedrich von Schwaben from Staufer to destroy Memmingen as well as Ravensburg and Altdorf (now Weingarten) in 1130 . Memmingen burned to the ground at that time. Traces of ash in the ground still bear witness to this event. In 1142 Henry the Lion sealed in the Villa nostra Maemingen . In February 1151, Henry the Lion, Welf VI met in the city . , the Staufer Duke Friedrich II. of Swabia, Count Adolf II. , Count Gottfried von Ronsberg as well as several Hohenstaufen and Guelph ministerials to find a compromise in the dispute between the Guelphs and the Hohenstaufen. This shows what high status the place must have already had at that time.
In 1158, Memmingen was founded by Duke Welf VI. raised to the city . After his death in 1191 the city went to the Staufer Konrad , the brother of Emperor Heinrich VI. The last Staufer, Konradin von Hohenstaufen , died in Naples in 1268 . In order to the kingdom, the city fell back, was in 1286 by the Holy Roman King I. Rudolf von Habsburg for Free Imperial City declared and reports directly to the German king. It received royal confirmation of the traditional town charter and was endowed with Überlingen law. Ten years later, Memmingen also received the Ulm law. The imperial city flourished from the 14th to the 16th century. This was particularly evident in the brisk construction activity, in trade and in the flourishing of culture.
In 1445 the city was extended for the last time with a wall belt, the Ulmer Tor and four new towers. In 1478 Peter Fort built a paper mill . In 1480 Albrecht Kunne from Duderstadt opened a printing shop that had published around 200 different prints by 1520. Among other things, America was used there for the first time worldwide in 1519 as the name of the new continent (Jacob Stoppl's Repertory in formam alphabeticam ... ).
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Emperor Maximilian I visited the city a total of thirteen times. He called it his resting and sleeping cell . He appointed the city's greatest artist, Bernhard Strigel , to be his house and court painter, who first portrayed him in 1504. At this time the choir stalls in St. Martin , which are among the most important in Germany, were created. It is thanks to the great commercial activity of the city's patrician families that they grew rich. As early as 1505–1506, the Great German Company undertook the first trade trip from Portugal to India . The Vöhlin from Memmingen, next to the Welsern from Augsburg, the second partner in the company, financed two ships of this company.
From 1513 the Reformation was introduced in Memmingen in church matters. At first it was a popular movement. After the Memmingen disputation of 1525, this gained momentum. The people of Memmingen allied themselves with the rebellious peasants in the Peasants' War . The Upper Swabian farmers held their meeting in Memmingen and founded their Christian association there . In February / March 1525 the twelve articles were written, the authorship of which was usually assigned to Sebastian Lotzer and Christoph Schappeler , a furrier journeyman and a preacher in Memmingen. According to a definition by Peter Blickle , which he published for the first time in 1974, the twelve articles were "letter of complaint, reform program and political manifesto" at the same time. The action of the peasants was the first constituent assembly on German soil after him. Blickle also adopted a statement by the former Federal President Johannes Rau in which he called the Twelve Articles "essentially the conviction of the universality of human rights". “With this conviction they point far beyond their time. When the mothers and fathers formulated Article 1 of the Basic Law - «Human dignity is inviolable» - it was also a distant echo of the peasant articles. “The second, no less important document is the federal regulation . The meeting based on this agreement is considered to be the first constituent assembly on German soil. As a result, the Reformation found its way into the city quite early.
The Constance reformer Ambrosius Blarer worked here, and St. Martin carried the new doctrine to the surrounding cities. Memmingen thus formed the religious center of Upper Swabia, Central Swabia and the Allgäu. As a result, the city belonged to the representatives of the Protestant minority ( Protestation ) at the Reichstag in Speyer in 1529 . Their citizenship demanded the unhindered spread of the evangelical faith. Mayor Melchior Stebenhaber von Hetzlinshofen (1536–1585) signed the Lutheran Agreement of 1577 for the City of Memmingen in 1579 .
In 1630 the city moved back into the focus of European politics when the Generalissimo Wallenstein moved into the city during the Thirty Years' War and enforced peace there for a few weeks in the turmoil of time. In the city chronicle it says: "It was lucky and Heyl!" There he was deposed as commander in chief of the imperial. The Swedish king Gustav Adolf stayed in the imperial city in 1632. Three years later the city was besieged and captured by the imperial troops.
Memmingen became Bavarian for the first time in 1702, after Bavarian troops conquered the city after a siege. As part of the mediatization after the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , the city fell to the Electorate of Bavaria in 1803 . In 1805 it was besieged and captured for the last time by French troops. At that time, Memmingen was known for its handicrafts. For example, the last Russian tsar in Memmingen had the wrought-iron entrance gate for his residence in Saint Petersburg that is still preserved today .
The Kingdom of Bavaria emerged from the Electorate of Bavaria in 1806. When it belonged to the Kingdom of Bavaria, the imperial city lost the privilege of blood jurisdiction granted by the Roman-German King Albrecht II of Habsburg in 1438. On June 7, 1834, the last public execution took place in front of 20,000 onlookers in Memmingen. It was the poisoner Ursula Brandmüller from Dickenreishausen.
In the 19th century a slow economic decline could be observed, which only slowed down in 1862 with the urban construction of the Neu-Ulm – Kempten railway line . This led to a new economic boom. In the years 1927–1929, the largest church building between the First and Second World Wars in Germany was built in Memmingen ( St. Josef ). Mayor Berndl remained in office during the National Socialist era. As in almost all German cities, Adolf Hitler was given honorary citizenship of the city and a square was named after him. The Memmingen synagogue on Schweizerberg was destroyed in the November pogroms of 1938 , the Jewish citizens were deported from Germany and most of them were murdered in the extermination camps . The memorial book of the Federal Archives for the victims of the National Socialist persecution of Jews in Germany (1933-1945) lists 58 Jewish residents of Memmingen who were deported and mostly murdered . Today a memorial stone on the site of the former synagogue commemorates them. During the Second World War , Memmingen was not spared from Allied air raids ; The reason for this was the Air Force Air Force base Memmingerberg . Almost the entire southern old town, the tanners' quarter, was razed to the ground in two bombing raids. In total, over 30% of the residential development was destroyed, including buildings such as the seven-roof house , which, however, was immediately supported and thus saved from complete destruction. The station district was also destroyed. This is how Memmingen built its third station, which stood by the end of the 20th century. The camp for prisoners of war Stalag VII B on the Hühnerberg accommodated over 1250 people, some of them in gymnasiums as the camp was overcrowded. Diseases did not spread everywhere there. Lord Mayor Berndl handed the city over to the Allied forces without resistance.
Memmingen has been a prosperous city since the Second World War, with economic growth above the Bavarian average. On September 8, 1952, Federal President Theodor Heuss visited the city and visited the St. Martin's Church. In 1972 Memmingen was the only one to date that a federal road was designated as a pedestrian zone.
In the 1980s, Memmingen became famous for the largest abortion trial in the legal history of the Federal Republic of Germany against a local gynecologist. As a crusade of Memmingen , or as The Witches Trials of Memmingen ( Der Spiegel ), the city came into the focus of the German public.
In 1993 the city was upgraded to the regional center . In 2000, several major events took place in Memmingen: the most successful state garden show to date , the 475th anniversary of the proclamation of the twelve farmer's articles and the Wallenstein Festival. In 2001 the new train station was inaugurated. The German Bahn AG tested a new type of modular construction, caused the relatively high cost. In 2004 the city received the Bavarian Quality Award for being the most business-friendly municipality in Bavaria. In 2005, the city awarded the Memmingen Freedom Prize 1525 for the first time . The then President of the Bundestag Wolfgang Thierse presented it to Gyula Horn . In this year the first blind city tour in Germany took place. Even blind people could imagine the shape and appearance of miniatures of many city buildings. In 2007 scheduled air traffic started at Memmingen Airport , which is located in the area of the municipalities of Memmingerberg, Benningen and Hawangen. Construction work on the A 96 was completed in November 2009 ; Since then it has been passable from Munich to Lindau.
On March 20, 2009, Federal President Horst Köhler visited the city with his wife Eva Luise Köhler . The visit took place on the occasion of the award of the second Memming Freedom Prize in 1525 in St. Martin's Church to the writer Reiner Kunze . On April 11th, 2009 the city anthem Memmingen blooms was presented on the Theaterplatz. The financing contract between Germany and Switzerland for the electrification of the Geltendorf – Memmingen – Lindau railway was signed on April 17, 2009 in the Memmingen town hall by the director of the Swiss Federal Office of Transport , Max Friedli and Klaus-Dieter Josel, DB Group representatives for the Free State of Bavaria, signed. On August 14, 2010, Memmingen was published in the New York Times as an example of the German way of coping with the financial crisis as a topic in a two A4-page article. The Swedish furniture giant Ikea intended to build a furniture store with an adjacent retail center at the motorway intersection. There were delays due to massive resistance from the city council. After the death of the founder Ingvar Kamprad and the strategic realignment in the expansion area of Ikea by the heirs, the delays meant that the furniture store, like others in the world, was not realized.
In the course of the regional reform on July 1, 1972, the suburbs Amendingen (3711 inhabitants) and Buxach with Hart (669 inhabitants) were incorporated. On July 1, 1976 Eisenburg (1500 inhabitants), Dickenreishausen (830 inhabitants) and Steinheim (2827 inhabitants) followed. Most recently, on May 1, 1978, Volkratshofen and Ferthofen (1379 inhabitants) were incorporated into Memmingen.
The population has grown since the 19th century. After the Second World War, over 10,000 refugees from the former German eastern territories were resettled to Memmingen. Another extraordinary surge in growth was recorded in 1972 when the urban area more than doubled as part of the regional reform. Since 1990 the population has increased by around 4.5%. In November 2016 the mark of 43,000 inhabitants was exceeded for the first time. The State Office for Statistics in Bavaria predicts a population growth of around 2.5% for the city of Memmingen by 2020, contrary to the German trend.
On December 31, 2006, 18.2% of the population were under 18 years of age, and another 60.5% were between 18 and 65 years of age. People over 65 made up a further 21.3% of the population. 48.24% of the population are male, 51.76% female. The proportion of foreigners in the city was 16.8% in 2016 (2013: 13.33%). According to the Prognos study in November 2010, the city has an above-average birth rate and is in eighth place nationwide in this category.
Between 1988 and 2018 the independent city grew from 37,942 to 43,837 by 5,895 inhabitants or by 15.5%.
|Population development in the city of Memmingen|
|15th century||5,000 *||1961||34,549||2010||41,025|
|16th century||6,000 *||1970||38,623||2011||41,242|
Dialect and usage
The Memmingen dialect differs from both the Allgäu and the Württemberg Upper Swabian . Because it belongs to Upper Swabia , it is more similar to the dialects spoken in the middle and lower Illertal (e.g. the cities of Illertissen and Ulm ).
As an example of the dialect around Memmingen, the following verses:
Dr Fischrdag gaut with em Mau,
The fisherman's day goes with the moon,
Dr 'Hoha Wacht' em Südschtadteck, you'll
The 'Hohe Wacht' on the Südstadteck,
It is often just spoken a z in front of the village (e.g. i fahr means no z'Memminga nei = I'm still going to Memmingen today). Instead of an it, an s is often spoken (e.g. geit's immediately oin = there is one immediately). The s within the words is often pronounced as sch (e.g. Augsburg = Augschburg, Die Maske = D'Maschke). However, as can be seen throughout Germany, the dialect is increasingly being replaced by Standard German or changed by other dialect influences.
Myths and legends
The most famous Memminger saga is about the Memminger Mau . It is from her that the city gets its nickname as Mouse City .
Once upon a clear full moon night, a couple of Memmingers walked home from the Golden Lion. Suddenly they saw how the moon, called Mau here, was reflected in one of the large tubs that stood under the eaves of the houses for fire extinguishing purposes. Suddenly the ingenious idea came up to fish out the moon so that the city could have its light at any time. The town fisherman was quickly fetched, he came with nets of all kinds and his servants and began his work. From the windows all around the startled citizens looked down at what was going on down there, and they even came running from the side streets, but ... The story ends here. A close relationship with the shield citizens can be recognized.
Another anecdote with the Mau is often told to portray the backwoodsmen, small townspeople of the late 18th century. One day a young Maid from Memmingen came to Lindau. When she saw the Mau shining late in the evening, she said: "Yes, dr Memminger Mau, does dr z'Lindau seem like?"
There has been a relatively new story since the first moon landing . The mayor at the time, Johannes Bauer , jokingly sent NASA a letter after the first successful moon landing , in which he criticized the fact that one could have asked the Memmingen family first whether one could walk around on HER Mau. NASA responded promptly with a request for subsequent permission. Moon rocks were promised, but nothing has arrived to this day.
According to legend, one of the Seven Swabians , the Spiegelschwab, came from Memmingen. He wiped his nose with his sleeve until it became a smooth, reflective surface.
Until the Reformation , which started in the region of Memmingen and spread to Upper Swabia and the Allgäu, Memmingen was a Roman Catholic . The Reformation was first carried out according to the Zwingl model by Christoph Schappeler . However, this denomination was not politically enforceable in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. The city of Memmingen did not join the Evangelical-Lutheran Augsburg Confession ( Confessio Augustana ) at the Reichstag in Augsburg in 1530 , but instead formulated its own Protestant confession, the "Vierstädtebeichert" (Four City Confession ), together with three other Upper German free imperial cities ( Strasbourg , Constance and Lindau ). Confessio Tetrapolitana ). Only after Zwingli's death in 1531 did the city council decide to introduce Lutheran teaching. From this point on, with the exception of the friars of the three remaining monasteries in the city and a few of the population, all were Protestant. Memmingen was the center of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Upper Swabia and the Allgäu. There was also a Jewish community in the city. Until Memmingen became Bavarian in 1802, the Catholic community had almost no followers. The Catholic townspeople were not granted civil rights, they were not allowed to vote, belong to any guild or hold any public office. In 1530, some of the land in the surrounding area was taken away from the monasteries and the monks were expelled. The Buxheim Monastery was withdrawn from the Imperial Charter and the city. The Church of Our Women was used as a simultaneous church from 1530 .
Only after the First World War did the Roman Catholic Church become active again in Memmingen. Up until that point there was only one Roman Catholic parish in the city, which the church shared with the monks of the Augustinian order. Due to the influx of displaced persons from the German-speaking areas of Central and Eastern Europe , v. a. from the Sudetenland , after the Second World War and later from the Catholic surrounding area, new communities were formed. While around 98% of the citizens were Evangelical-Lutheran until the Second World War, the picture is different today. In 2014, a total of 25.6% of the city's population belonged to the Protestant, 39.52% to the Roman Catholic Church, and correspondingly 34.9% to another or no denomination / religion. At the end of 2017, 16,082 of the 43,192 inhabitants were Catholic (37.2%; 227 fewer than in the previous year), 10,196 Protestant (23.6%; −208) and 16,914 other (39.2%; +604). In 2016, Memmingen was awarded the honorary title of “ Reformation City of Europe ” by the Community of Evangelical Churches in Europe .
The Evangelical Lutheran parish church of St. Martin with the children's teaching church forms the evangelical center of the city. In the old town there is, in addition to the Martinskirche, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Our Women , the Reconciliation Church in the west, the Christ Church in the east, the Trinity Church in the Buxach district , the St. Martin's Church in the Steinheim district, the St. Agatha Church in Dickenreishausen and other churches in the districts of Ferthofen and Volkratshofen.
Today there are also several Roman Catholic churches in Memmingen. The city parish church is St. Josef . There are also the churches of St. Johann Baptist , Christ's Resurrection in the west, Assumption of Mary in the east, St. Ulrich in the district Amendingen and St. Nepomuk in the district Eisenburg in the urban area. The parish Amendingen, which formerly belonged to Buxheim, was raised to an independent parish after secularization . Today the parishes of Eisenburg and Trunkelsberg also belong to the area of responsibility of the pastor in Amendingen . In the north of Memmingen there is the St. Josephs Church of the Priestly Society of St. Pius X.
A free-church congregation gathers in the Friedenskirche am Hühnerberg, which arose in 1997 from a union of a Pentecostal congregation , the Apostolic Church - early Christian congregation, with a Baptist congregation , which originally belonged to the Federation of Evangelical Free-Church congregations , but today no supra -local merger of one of the belongs to both movements.
The synagogue on Schweizerberg of the former Jewish community of Memmingen was destroyed in the pogrom night . The Fatih Mosque (German: Conqueror Mosque) of the Muslim community is located in a former telecommunications building on Schlachthofstrasse. The naming was not without controversy among the population.
While the mayor was appointed by the SPD for fifty years (1966 to 2016) , the CSU has always been the strongest faction in the city council . In parliamentary elections, too, the CSU mostly achieved good results.
Urban policy in the city council is largely shaped by consensus among the larger parliamentary groups .
There were tough disputes in 2005 during the vote on the city's financial participation in the Allgäu initiative for the expansion of Memmingen Airport . The referendum against participation initiated by the ÖDP and the Greens was unsuccessful.
At the head of the city is the Lord Mayor , who in Bavaria is directly elected by the people in accordance with the Bavarian municipal code (the next regular election will take place in early 2023). He is the top representative of the city and heads the city administration. Two further mayors from the ranks of the city council are elected as deputies. In the past, the CSU, as the strongest faction in the city council, always provided the second mayor, while the third mayor belonged to the third largest group. The second largest parliamentary group, the SPD, has so far waived the third mayor, as the mayor has already been appointed by it. In the legislative period from 2014 to 2020, the CSU will appoint the second and the SPD the third mayor for the first time since the 1960s.
In addition to the Ulm / Neu-Ulm dual center, Memmingen forms the second main center of the Danube-Iller region . It takes on the central supply function for the city and the surrounding districts of Unterallgäu, Biberach and Ravensburg as well as parts of Neu-Ulm and the Oberallgäu.
The local election on March 15, 2020 in Memmingen led to the result that is shown in the diagrams.
- 1502–1511 Konrad Vöhlin
- 1818–1836: Tobias von Wachter (* 1775; † 1839)
- 1836–1842: Johann Jakob von Wachter (* 1780; † 1862)
- 1842–1855: Georg Adolf von Schelhorn (* 1806; † 1855)
- 1855–1865: Ulrich Benedikt von Zoller (* 1820; † 1888)
- 1865–1884: Julius von Roeck (* 1818; † 1884)
- 1884–1909: Karl Scherer (* 1850; † 1922)
- 1910–1931: Friedrich Braun (* 1873; † 1960)
- 1932–1945: Heinrich Berndl (non-party, later NSDAP )
- 1945–1948: Georg Fey , CSU
- 1948–1952: Lorenz Riedmiller , SPD
- 1952–1966: Heinrich Berndl
- 1966–1968: Rudolf Machnig , SPD
- 1968: vacant; Executive: 2nd Mayor Ludwig Leichtle , CSU
- 1968–1980: Johannes Bauer , SPD
- 1980–2016: Ivo Holzinger , SPD
- 2016: Markus Kennerknecht , SPD (* 1970; † 2016)
- 2016–2017: vacant; Executive: 2nd Mayor Margareta Böckh , CSU
- since 2017: Manfred Schilder , CSU
On July 4, 2010, Ivo Holzinger won the election with 52.5% of all votes in the first ballot. He competed against city councilors Claudia Knoll (CSU), Albert Schweiger (FDP), Dieter Buchberger (ÖDP), Anette Neulist (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen) and the non-party Peter Stütz. It was his sixth term in office, making him the longest-ruling Lord Mayor in Germany. Markus Kennerknecht (SPD) succeeded him on November 21, 2016 ; he was elected in the runoff election on November 6, 2016 with 59.2% of the vote. After the death of Markus Kennerknecht, the second mayor Margareta Böckh took over the official duties until the swearing-in of the newly elected mayor Manfred Schilder on March 21, 2017.
In 2007 the city had an administrative budget of 94,925,160 euros and an asset budget of 19,490,860 euros. The trade tax receipts amounted to around 40 million euros, the income tax allocations to around 20 million euros. The trade tax rate has remained unchanged since 1973 at 330 percent. The property taxes were last adjusted in 2003 (property tax A is 260%, property tax B 350%). In 2006, around 3 million euros in debt were repaid. The city has many foundations , some of which date back to the Middle Ages (e.g. the Unterhospital Foundation ). In 2010, the city took out loans totaling 18 million euros, in particular to finance the construction of the state secondary school. The debts are to be repaid by 2021. The administrative budget rose to 141,862,600 euros in 2019, while the asset budget is 32,298,700 euros. The city of Memmingen's debt burden on January 1, 2019 was EUR 21,817,055, which corresponds to a per capita debt of EUR 501. Including the municipal operations of the Klinikum and Stadtwerke, the debt level was EUR 38,919,755 or EUR 893 per capita.
The total amount of debts in the public sector of the city of Memmingen amounted to 41.4 million euros at the end of 2012. Each resident is thus in debt with 987 euros. Memmingen thus had the lowest per capita debt of the 103 independent cities in Germany.
"Social City" project
Since 2007, parts of Weststadt have officially been part of the urban and districts funding program with special development needs - the social city . This program not only consists of conventional urban development funding, but primarily aims to improve the quality of life in the city districts. The problem areas should be socially stabilized. In addition to urban development measures, the focus is on social, ecological and employment policy goals. Housing cooperatives, private individuals and the city administration are pulling together. The first successes were achieved. Parts of the East of Memmingen have been part of this program since 2018.
|Direct candidate||Political party||First votes%||Second votes|
|Pascal André Lechler||SPD||11.92%||12.28%|
|Dr. Günter Claus wheels||Green||11.48%||10.96%|
|Susanne Ferschl||The left||4.19%||4.61%|
The following result was achieved in the 2013 federal election in Memmingen:
|Direct candidate||Political party||First votes%||Second votes|
|Elfriede Anna Klein||Green||5.1%||7.5%|
|Franz Jochen Knapp||AfD||4.5%||5.5%|
|Paul Meichelböck||The left||2.8%||3.7%|
The following result was achieved in the 2009 Bundestag election :
|Direct candidate||Political party||First votes%||Second votes|
|Paul Meichelböck||The left||5.9%||6.6%|
badges and flags
|Blazon : " Split of gold and silver , in front a half , red armored black eagle at the gap, behind a continuous red paw cross ."|
|Reasons for the coat of arms: See coat of arms of the city of Memmingen .|
A modern black and white version of the city coat of arms with the abbreviation MM in red lowercase letters in the Rotis font is used as the city logo . MM is also the city's license plate.
City partnerships, sponsorships and friendships
Over the years, many city partnerships have developed that are very active and are maintained and supported by associations, schools and private individuals.
Official city partnerships exist with the following regional authorities:
- United States : Memmingen's oldest (since 1976) twin town, Glendale in Arizona / USA is also one of the liveliest. Almost not a month goes by without the city not appearing in the local press. The good partnership is characterized above all by student exchanges and visits by representatives at public events. Memmingen citizens have also made more and more contacts with Glendale over the years. In Glendale a park was named after Memmingen, in Memmingen a street was named after Glendale.
- Italy : The two partnerships with the province of Teramo in Abruzzo (since 1981) and the city of Teramo (since 1986) are also among the city's most active partnerships. Many associations and individuals are in constant contact with Teramo. The municipal Sebastian-Lotzer-Realschule maintains a student exchange program with the Liceo Scientifico Albert Einstein School in Teramo. The DGB , the fire brigade , the police inspection and the volleyball teams of TV Memmingen meet their colleagues from Teramo several times a year on various occasions.
- France : The partnership with Auch in the Département Gers in France (since 1990) is expressed primarily on the interpersonal level. There is a student exchange program with the Bernhard-Strigel-Gymnasium and the Oratoire St. Marie. Music bands, clubs and private individuals meet frequently and bring this partnership to life.
- Germany : The partnership with Lutherstadt Eisleben (since 1990) is diverse. In addition to meetings of associations, citizens and authorities, Memmingen construction workers helped with the renovation of the Nicolaikirche with their expertise and energy. Memmingen offices supported the twin city in setting up the city administration after the fall of the Wall .
- Israel : The youngest twin town is Kiryat Shmona , with whom the partnership was agreed on April 3, 2009 after a long friendship in the Memmingen town hall.
- Turkey : The friendship with Karataş , Adana Province / Turkey was converted into a town twinning on July 24, 2008. It is intensively cultivated with various actions. In 1988, for example, the Memmingen Advisory Board for Foreigners supported the construction of a cultural center in Karataş. The fire brigade brought a fire engine there in 1991 on behalf of the Foreigners' Council. In Memmingen a street was named after Karataş, in Karataş there has been a Memmingen Bulvarı right on the Mediterranean beach since 2001 .
- Austria : The friendship with the village of Litzelsdorf in Austria in Burgenland was transformed into a partnership in October 2009. It came about through a branch of the Memmingen company Stehle in Litzelsdorf. Today, the Burgenland Circle of Friends, Friends of Litzelsdorf and various other associations stand up for friendship. In Litzelsdorf a square was named after Memmingen in 2004, and a street in Memmingen was named after Litzelsdorf.
- Ukraine : The friendship with Chernihiv / Ukraine was transformed into a partnership in October 2009. It is mainly at the cultural and school level. Associations and groups from the friendly cities perform at festivities. Chernihiv Hospital No. 2 continued to receive medical equipment provided by the city hospital and other doctors / medical associations.
Further friendships and sponsorships exist with the following regional authorities:
- Czech Republic : In 1956, the Sudeten Germans expelled from the city and the Freudenthal / Altvater district due to the Beneš decrees were sponsored . The Freudental / Altvater local history museum in the Hermansbau in Memmingen recalls the German history of this cultural landscape in today's Czech Republic and keeps the connection alive for future generations.
- France : There is also a friendship with Colmar in Alsace .
Culture and sights
The theater has a long tradition in Memmingen. Various theater plays can be read in the chronicles as early as the Middle Ages. In 1937 the State Theater Swabia (LTS) was founded in the city . After the Second World War in 1945, the LTS was one of the first theaters in what was then West Germany to hold performances again. The stages of the Stadttheater Memmingen with its three venues and theaters in the affiliated communities are used. In the course of the renovation and new construction work on the ELS site , which is adjacent to the city theater, a large part of the theater was rebuilt. A new studio stage, rehearsal stages, workshops, depots, the administration area, a foyer extension and guest apartments were created. Another theater stage is that of Helmut Wolfseher and members of the alternative kleinkunst e. V. Memmingen in the 1980s founded parterretheater im Künerhaus (PiK) (former city archive) for cabaret artists, musicians, amateur artists and young musicians. In the chimney factory mainly amateur artists perform plays. Folk actors and other artists appear in the town hall on guest tours. World premieres also took place in Memmingen. Particularly noteworthy here are the metal operas by David DeFeis in collaboration with the director of the LTS Walter Weyers , which attracted national attention. It was reported in Stern and Spiegel as well as in national daily newspapers such as the Süddeutsche Zeitung .
Artists have written the following works about the city of Memmingen:
- Play Memmingen by Bettina Fless (1989)
- Book Mohr of Memmingen by Utz Benkel
- Piece of music Memmingen by the British band Blackmore's Night
- City anthem Memmingen blooms composed by Daniela Maul and Andreas Kindermann
Plays and operas that premiered in Memmingen:
- 1995: The Jewish Bank
- Metal operas by David DeFeis :
- 2005: Mohr of Memmingen
- 2007: Green organs
- 2008: Katharina and Till (January 10th)
- 2010: Rauhnacht (October 8th), Aprés Ski (December 31st)
- 2011: Do not overturn the order of society (February 18)
- 2011: Faites vos jeux - The casino always wins (March 25th)
The Memmingen Marionette Theater was founded in 2003 as an amateur stage and toured the region as a traveling stage for fifteen years. Since the beginning of 2018, the theater has been housed in a former restaurant on the Schweizerberg. The focus of the repertoire is on fairy tales and self-productions for children, with the production “The Puppet Show by Dr. Faust ”, however, the theater also has a play for adults in its program.
The largest museum is the city museum in Hermansbau . A small exhibition is dedicated to the prehistory and early history of the region. There are exhibits from the Stone Age and the Bronze Age, from the Alemanni to the Romans. The largest part of the museum is dedicated to the development of the Free Imperial City of Memmingen. The city's history is explained there in historical rooms.
Pictures by the Memmingen baroque painter Johann Heiss , Künersberg faience and historical dollhouses are also on display . There is also a Jewish section that shows Jewish life in Memmingen and the history of the Memmingen Jews during the Nazi era. A lavishly embroidered Torah curtain from the 18th century from the destroyed Synagogue in Memmingen can be viewed.
The Freudenthal / Altvater local history museum is affiliated with the city museum. It is reminiscent of the German history of this region of the Sudetenland, from which many displaced people found a new home in Memmingen. It is one of the 43 East German local museums recognized by the Federal Ministry of the Interior. A foundation administered by the city was established to make the museum permanent.
The Strigel and Antoniter Museum in the Antonierhaus provide insights into the carving and painting art of the Strigel family as well as into the work of the Order of Antonites and the ergot disease treated there . These museums opened in 1996.
The MEWO art gallery, made possible in 2005 by grants from the Memmingen housing cooperative (MeWo) in the rooms of the Alte Post at the train station, shows changing exhibitions on the art and cultural history of the 20th and 21st centuries. Century, as well as occasionally collection presentations of the Memmingen painters Max Unold and Josef Madlener . This facility, which is unique in Central and Upper Swabia and in the Allgäu, is of supraregional importance.
Changing exhibitions are also shown in the former Kreuzherrenkloster .
The organ concerts in St. Martin's Church are well known. Concerts, organ concerts and music performances are also held regularly in the other churches in the city. A wide range of programs is offered in St. Josef . Chamber music is played in the former Kreuzherrenkloster.
In addition to numerous pubs, restaurants, wine bars and cafes, there are several discos . Another well-known discotheque is located in Memmingerberg , in the immediate vicinity of the city. The Kaminwerk cultural center offers concerts, theater, art house cinema , readings and special party events.
Memmingen has a movie theater. The Rex-Palast, which opened in the city center in 1957, opened after a two-year break in June 2011 on Bahnhofstrasse. However, the operating couple closed the house again in May 2012 and gave economic reasons. The family-run cinema showed up to 18 different films per week and had a 440-seat cinema. The Cineplex in the north industrial area at the motorway junction opened in December 2007. It has a total of ten cinema halls with 1290 seats. Since 2011, the Cineplex has also broadcast live events from many cultural areas, including a. also the Metropolitan Opera in New York, via satellite.
Memmingen is called, like other communities, "at the gateway to the Allgäu" and is also called the "city of gates, towers and gables". A very large part of the medieval old town survived the Second World War and the post-war years. These include ten gates and towers and around two kilometers of city walls. While the war losses mainly affected the Bahnhofsviertel, i.e. the eastern part of the old town, there have been major losses of historical buildings since the 1970s. On entire streets - such as B. in the Kreuzstrasse and in the southern old town - the medieval and early modern town houses demolished and replaced by historicizing, mostly much larger gabled houses made of concrete. In the 1990s, the Frauenmühle was demolished and the neighboring artisan quarter renovated. The loss of historical building fabric continued into the 21st century: In addition to the demolition of the Engelkeller garden, this mainly affected the southern old town. There, in addition to the Elsbethenkloster , several historic craftsmen's houses were demolished in order to make room for modern buildings.
In addition to many town houses (including several baroque palazzi) there are picturesque streets through which the city stream flows. Above all, the medieval market square with the town hall , the guild and the wheelhouse shapes the cityscape. Famous is the Gothic St. Martin's Church with its 500-year-old choir stalls and the originally French Antonite Monastery , which was restored in 1996, and is the largest and best preserved of its kind in the world. Probably the oldest Memmingen Church of Our Women or Frauenkirche awaits with important frescoes from the 15th and 16th centuries. The seven-roof house , the baroque Kreuzherrenkirche , the town's renovated whorehouse, the salt barn, the Kramer guild (also called the 12-article house ) are places of interest. Less known is the Bismarck tower on the Hühnerberg, which cannot be viewed from the inside. Right next to it is the new football stadium, which opened on July 26, 2007 and which is worth seeing due to its size and layout.
Some of Memmingen's seven landmarks are also among the city's attractions.
The Memmingen Culture Prize has been awarded regularly since 1977 .
Prize winners were:
- 1977 DMD Josef Fleschhut
- 1978 Diether Kunerth
- 1979 Helmut Ackermann
- 1980 Johann Maria Naun
- 1981 Otto Neudert
- 1983 Karlheinz Eubell (deceased)
- 1987 Friederich Hiller
- 1988 Karl-Heinz Gudat
- 1990 Reinhard Blank
- 1991 Walter Abt
- 1992 Wolfgang Marschner
- 1993 Dieter Rehm
- 1994 Bobby and Lancy Falta
- 1995 Ilse and Helmut Wolfseher
- 1997 Winfried Bönig
- 1999 Dieter Schütz
- 2003 Agnes Keil and Peter Heel
- 2006 Oskar Riha
- 2008 Volker Klüpfel and Michael Kobr
- 2012 KMD Hans-Eberhard Roß
- 2014 Johnny Ekkelboom
- 2015–2017: no prices
- 2018 Pit Kinzer
A green belt has been created on the city wall. With one exception (Hohe Wacht, southern part of the city wall), the old moats were filled in and replaced by green spaces with trees that are over 150 years old today. The parks are called (starting at Ulmer Tor clockwise): Hubergarten, Zollergarten, Ratzengraben / Zollergraben, Kohlschanze, Reichshain, Kaisergraben, Hohe Wacht, Westertorplatz, Grimmelschanze. In almost all residential areas you will find smaller, mostly younger, parks. There is also the New World City Park, the former State Garden Show , as well as the Old Cemetery and the Forest Cemetery, both of which are used as parks and recreational areas.
In the Middle Ages there were four cemeteries in the city center. These were in front of the two parish churches of St. Martin and Unser Frauen as well as in the courtyards of the Kreuzherrenkloster and the Schottenkloster . They were abandoned from 1530. The old cemetery at the Schottenkloster served as a replacement cemetery.
When the city's old cemetery was closed in 1930, a new burial site became necessary in the city. As early as 1920, a new cemetery was created as a forest cemetery in the previously undeveloped East of Memmingen. There are further cemeteries in the districts Amendingen, Steinheim, Buxach, Volkratshofen, Ferthofen and Dickenreishausen. There is a Jewish cemetery in the eastern part of the city .
Clubs have a long tradition in the city. In 1886 there were already 43 clubs. Even today there is a lively club life in the city. The town and youth band, which has already won many national and international prizes, stands out in the musical field . The largest association in town with over 5,000 members, the Fischertagverein, organizes the annual Fisherman's Day and the Wallenstein Festival . The DLRG Memmingen-Unterallgäu e. V. and the water rescue service of the Red Cross. In the aid organizations Red Cross, Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe e. V. and Malteserhilfsdienst , many citizens are involved. The YMCA as well as the Protestant and Catholic community youth are active in Christian youth work . The purpose of the Memmingen section of the German Alpine Club , founded in 1869 , is to promote and maintain mountaineering and alpine sports, especially in the Alps and the German low mountain ranges, especially for young people and families, and to preserve the beauty and originality of the mountains, to expand knowledge of the mountains and thereby cultivate the bond with home and promote other sporting activities. The section owns several mountain houses and the Memminger Hütte in the Lechtal Alps . The fool's guild Stadtbachhexen Memmingen 1996 e. V. was founded in 1996. The first move with other Swabian-Alemannic fools guilds took place in 1998. Since then, a fools parade has been held every two years during the carnival season with several hundred fools and sometimes over 10,000 spectators. The continuing influx of members made it necessary to found further groups within the association. In addition to the Stadtbach witches, there are also the figures The Green Devil by dr Martinskirch, the Maufischer and the Mau . The smaller offspring run with the fool's parades as fool's seeds .
The range of sports facilities in Memmingen includes the Memminger Arena , the stadium on Bodenseestrasse, the Ost sports field and the Amendinger Sportpark, an ice rink, an indoor and an outdoor pool and several gyms that are available for the sports clubs.
There are a total of 60 sports clubs in Memmingen. This includes TV Memmingen, whose rugby department plays in the regional league in the 2010/11 season. The DJK Memmingen produces many national and international award winners in athletics.
Other sports clubs are the ice hockey clubs ECDC Memmingen and HC Moritz , the tennis clubs TC Memmingen and TV Memmingen, the BSC Memmingen, the SV Amendingen, the SV Steinheim, the TV Memmingen and the DJK Memmingen.
Numerous celebrations, festivals and guided tours take place in Memmingen every year. Usually these are limited to the old town. It starts with the Nightgroove, the Memmingen Music Night in April with a live music program in numerous pubs, bars and cafes in the city center. At Memmingen in bloom in May, the city center is transformed into a sea of flowers with exhibitions and stalls by florists, landscape gardeners and farmers. In early summer, the city festival invites you to linger. The Memmingen retailers welcome the guests as thanks for the past year. The so-called Memminger Meile with the Festival of Cultures on Westertorplatz in front of the Karstadt department store is the city's cultural festival under the direction of the Cultural Office , with a new motto every year.
The Wallenstein Festival , initiated by Hermann Pfeifer , at which almost 4,500 citizens in historical costumes re-enact for a week how Wallenstein was camped in the city for a few weeks in 1630 and there from his deposition as general by Emperor Ferdinand II at the instigation of Maximilian I. learned. It is one of the largest history games in all of Europe. However, the play has been criticized by some historians because it supposedly glorified the war, although Wallenstein's stay gave the city of Memmingen a breather in the Thirty Years' War.
The Memminger Cabaret Days take place about every two years . Classical music is performed as part of the Memmingen Master Concerts. 11.11. the traditional town hall tower takes place with a parade on the market square. The Lord Mayor hands over the city key to the Elferrat, which then takes on the city policy of the past year.
Guided tours for the blind take place several times a year . Visitors can feel various important Memmingen buildings such as the town hall and the seven-roofed house in miniature form with their hands and experience what they look like. Memmingen is the first city in Germany to offer such tours. Every Saturday there is a tour through the town church of St. Martin with organ music.
Every Tuesday and Saturday morning is market day on the historic market square. Above all, dealers from the region offer regional consumption products and flowers. For events on the market square, the weekly market is relocated to the Hallhof. Every year the Christkindlesmarkt is held on the market square in front of the town hall . On the first Saturday of September there is an old town flea market in the southern old town .
Every year the Memmingen fair takes place on the Tuesday after Galli (October). However, this date can change depending on how long the Munich Oktoberfest lasts. The largest inner city fair in southern Germany awaits with driving and show shops, shooting ranges and other offers. This also includes the grocer's market from Tuesday to Thursday in the old town with over 250 feasts and stalls.
The most famous historical festival in Memmingen is the Fisherman's Day . Every year tens of thousands of tourists flock to the city and are spectators of a medieval spectacle: on a Saturday at the end of July, the city stream is fished out within the old town. Around 1500 fishermen (male only) "itch" (= jump) into the stream. On the previous Thursday, around 2000 boys and girls celebrate the annual Memmingen Children's Festival , where people sing and dance in the morning on the market square. In the afternoon, the traditional parade across the city to the stadium area takes place.
The Wallenstein Festival is a history festival that has existed since 1980 and usually takes place every 4 years after Fisher's Day in July.
- List of nature reserves in the city of Memmingen
- List of landscape protection areas in Memmingen
- List of FFH areas in the city of Memmingen
- List of geotopes in Memmingen
Economy and Infrastructure
The city has been the regional center since 1993 . Together with the neighboring communities, the inner market area of Memmingen has around 60,000 residents. Between 300,000 and 400,000 people live in the expanded market area. Over 14,000 people commute to work in the city every day, including over 3,000 from neighboring Baden-Württemberg (as of mid-2005). In December 2008, 26,478 were employed in Memmingen subject to social security contributions; As a result of the global financial and economic crisis, this number fell to 25,970 employees subject to social security contributions (as of December 2009). In the course of the economic recovery, this number rose to 29,919 by September 30, 2015, but fell slightly to 29,628 by September 30, 2016.
More than 11,400 people found work in the manufacturing industry, mainly in the manufacturing industry (7,500 employees in 44 companies). Memmingen is thus the industrial stronghold of Central Swabia and the Allgäu. The manufacturing industry achieved almost a third of the total turnover of 1.13 billion euros in 2005 abroad. In June 2005 there were over 1,200 employees in the construction industry.
A further 6,400 people have found work in trade as well as in the hospitality and transport industries, and over 10,400 in other service industries. This underlines the importance of Memmingen as a trading center. The inner-city trade experienced a significant revival through the upgrading of large inner-city areas through the establishment of new department stores and shops. However, the importance of tourism is rather minor. However, due to its proximity to major tourist regions ( Allgäu , Upper Swabia, Lake Constance , Kneipp tourism in Unterallgäu), Memmingen has many day visitors. The number of overnight stays by guests was 101,195 in 2009 since the settlement of further airlines, the number of overnight stays has risen continuously and was 162,482 in 2017. More hotels have been built and existing ones are to be expanded. Memmingen is marketed for tourism on the official tourism internet platform for the Allgäu.
The unemployment rate in the economic area of Memmingen was 2.6% in April 2008, well below the national average of 3.8%. In June 2008 the rate was only 2.2%, which means that Memmingen was practically full employment . From December 2008 the unemployment rate rose to 3.9% in January 2009 as a result of the financial market crisis. It remained at 4.0% until the beginning of 2010, in June 2010 it was 3.2% and in March 2012 it was still 2.6% and thus well below the Bavarian average of 4.0%. In April 2014, the rate in the Memmingen economic area fell to 2.5%. Since then, it has been around this mark.
In 2016, Memmingen achieved a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 2.467 billion within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 57,281 (Bavaria: € 44,215 / Germany € 38,180) and thus above the regional and national average. In 2016 there were around 38,300 gainfully employed people in the city.
At the end of 2015, the Swedish furniture store IKEA announced that it would be building a furniture store with an attached specialist retail center right at the Memmingen interchange . The cattle insemination cooperative Memmingen , which was previously located in this area, was to be relocated to Priemen near Volkratshofen on Memminger Flur and the access should take place via the Europastraße. In April 2018, however, IKEA announced a change of direction in its expansion policy; the establishment of a branch in Memmingen should be checked again in principle. In no case does one want to implement the project in the previously planned form. In March 2019, IKEA announced that no branch would be built in Memmingen.
Some of the leading companies on the world market have their headquarters, branch offices or plants in Memmingen.
One of the largest resident companies is Berger Holding , which is the world market leader in the production of precision turned and milled parts. The nationwide reform retailer GEFRO Reformversand Frommlet is also based in Memmingen. This became known across Europe primarily for its soups, sauces and spices. The electronics group Rohde & Schwarz , a leading company in communication and measurement technology, operates the Group's largest manufacturing plant and a distribution warehouse in Memmingen under the name Rohde & Schwarz Messgerätebau GmbH. The Novoflex precision technology GmbH also has its headquarters in Memmingen and is known as a manufacturer of high-tech accessories for photography worldwide. The company won many prizes for developments in photography, especially in the 1970s and 1980s. Metzeler Schaum GmbH is the first company in the world that can produce foam from vegetable oil. Magnet-Schultz , one of the world's leading manufacturers of industrial magnets, also has its headquarters and headquarters in Memmingen. The special steel rope factory Pfeifer Seil- & Hebetechnik , which made a name for itself through rope constructions for roofs of sports facilities, for example the Mercedes-Benz Arena in Stuttgart, the Olympic Stadium in Munich or the Arena Auf Schalke, is based in Memmingen. Relius Farbenwerke , a manufacturer of emulsion paints and varnishes for the painting trade, has its production facility in the Steinheim district. The Memminger Brauerei GmbH is one of the hundred largest breweries in Germany and is the main sponsor of many, especially regional clubs (e.g. the ice hockey club Memminger Indians). The two construction companies operating across Europe, Josef Hebel and Unglehrt , are based in Memmingen. In 2008, Josef Hebel generated sales of more than 114 million euros with over 400 employees. The special vehicle manufacturer Goldhofer , known for heavy-duty vehicles and aircraft tugs, has its headquarters and factory in Memmingen. The globally active Stetter GmbH manufactures truck mixers , recycling and concrete mixing plants.
The global gelatine manufacturer Gelita AG (formerly: Deutsche Gelatinewerke) has one of its German plants in the southern industrial area. It was opened in 1996 and equipped with new technology as early as 2003. The Memmingen media center and ALPINE Hydraulik GmbH, which is active worldwide in the field of innovative special hydraulics, are based in the north industrial area. The globally active paper and corrugated board manufacturer Hans Kolb Wellpappe on the A 96 has its main plant there. BUZIL-WERK Wagner GmbH & Co. KG, a well-known cleaning and cleaning agent company, has its headquarters and main plant in the north. Katek Elektronik GmbH, a medium-sized company that sells state-of-the-art electronics worldwide, was founded in 1976. Business areas are precision electronics, solar electronics for photovoltaics and solar thermal energy, battery charging systems and cable technology. Leeb Folien, the medium-sized manufacturer of flexible packaging materials and technical film-based applications with over 180 employees, is based in the south of Memmingen.
Because of its proximity to the Memmingen traffic hub, many large freight forwarders and distribution centers have settled in the city. The largest freight forwarder is Dachser , which operates the Allgäu logistics center, currently the largest Dachser branch in Germany. The shipping company Gebrüder Weiss operates a transshipment point that was opened in July 2002 and was expanded in 2007. Around 100 of the 4600 employees of the Austrian group work there. GameStop Deutschland GmbH , the German branch of the world's leading retail chain for computer and video games, operates over 240 branches in Germany under the brands EB Games and GameStop.
Memmingen is the traffic center of Upper Swabia, Middle Swabia and the Allgäu. Further improvements are primarily being planned in the rail sector and in the three-lane expansion of the A7 federal motorway.
The city is conveniently located at the intersection of the A 7 Ulm - Füssen - Austria and A 96 Munich - Lindau - Switzerland (southernmost motorway junction in Germany) as well as the Augsburg - Memmingen ( B 300 ) and Memmingen - Reutlingen ( B 312 ) federal highways . The city has three bypass options (Altstadtring, Mittlerer Ring, Autobahn). The most important streets include Dr.-Karl-Lenz-Straße, Buxheimer Straße, Donaustraße and Allgäuer Straße. Due to the relatively high level of fluctuations, the middle ring in particular is burdened with traffic. The city has an approximately one kilometer long pedestrian zone in the old town, four municipal parking garages and an underground car park in the city center. Further parking garages are at the clinic and the "Neue Schranne". The Karstadt retail company also has a parking garage. There is a uniform speed limit of 30 km / h in the city center. Some roads are also traffic-calmed. The market square is designated as a pedestrian area. Within the city, most of the streets are equipped with bicycle lanes or bicycle lanes.
|Handewitt - Füssen|
|Munich - Lindau|
|Augsburg - Memmingen|
|Stuttgart - Memmingen|
|Memmingen - Kempten|
|Memmingen - Mindelheim|
|Neu-Ulm - Memmingen|
Local public transport is served by seven inner-city bus routes that run from Monday to Friday between 6 a.m. and 8 p.m. On Sundays and public holidays there is an inner-city bus service between 12 p.m. and 7 p.m. The outer districts are relatively poorly connected to the core city. The ZOB (Central Bus Station) was inaugurated on December 9, 1981 and is the main hub for bus traffic in the city of Memmingen, the Unterallgäu district and the neighboring Baden-Württemberg. From Monday to Saturday there is a bus service to the airport every half hour. Deutsche Bahn also operates the Lindau-Leutkirch-Tannheim-Memmingen-Buchloe-Augsburg / Munich and Ulm-Memmingen-Kempten bus routes. The city is well connected with 24 bus routes to the surrounding communities and market communities as well as the district towns of Mindelheim and Bad Wörishofen.
The Munich – Lindau and Ulm – Oberstdorf lines intersect at Memmingen station . Regional traffic is integrated into the Allgäu-Swabia cycle . In long-distance traffic, Memmingen is on the Dortmund-Oberstdorf intercity connection and the Munich-Zurich Eurocity connection. The route from Munich to Zurich and thus also the Memmingen train station should have been expanded and electrified for tilting technology trains by 2017 . Due to various delays, when construction starts in spring 2018, completion is expected in 2020. Memmingen is the end point of the Leutkirch railway line . The branch line to Legau , also called Legauer Rutsch , opened in 1904 , was shut down in 1972. The route is mainly developed as a cycle path. The station is barrier-free .
Plans for the regional S-Bahn Donau-Iller provide for the construction of two new stops in the city: One is Memmingen- Amendingen in the north of the city and Memmingen-Klinikum / BBZ in the west of the city near the clinic and the vocational training center. West with approx. 5500 students.
Passenger planes , private jets and sport aircraft take off from Memmingen Airport, Allgäu Airport, in Memmingerberg . Although there was a demonstration with over 4000 participants in Memmingen on 6 March 2004 was for the former NATO air base ( airfield Memmingen, Jagdbombergeschwader 34 from Luftamt Südbayern the aviation law change approval for a civilian regional airport issued) on 9 July of 2004. Since June 2007 there have been scheduled and charter connections to national and international destinations.
In 2019, the airport recorded a total of 1,722,764 passengers, an increase of around 15 percent compared to the previous year. This puts Memmingen in 14th place in Germany .
The Memminger Zeitung (published daily) and the Memminger Kurier , a free weekly newspaper with an editorial section that is published on Wednesdays and Saturdays, report from and in the city . The mz extra, which is published weekly by the Memminger Zeitung , is also free. The public-in is published monthly, aimed primarily at younger audiences. In addition, DIE LOKALE has been available since May 2008 , a monthly newspaper in tableau format with a large editorial section; it too comes free of charge in all households. The local radio station hitradio.rt1 Südschwaben reports on current and local issues from its broadcasting studio in Donaustraße . An entertainment-oriented 24-hour program with half-hourly local news is broadcast on the VHF frequency 90.2 MHz in Memmingen or 93.9 MHz in Mindelheim and 88.1 MHz in Krumbach. The media from the Ulm area also occasionally report on events in Memmingen, for example the private broadcaster Radio 7 , which can be received on VHF 105.0 MHz or 101.8 MHz, or the Ulmer Südwest Presse . This is due to the fact that Memmingen is very close to Baden-Württemberg.
The district court of Memmingen is responsible for the independent city of Memmingen and the district of Unterallgäu, the district court of Memmingen for the Bavarian part of the Donau-Iller region (the districts: Unterallgäu , Neu-Ulm and Günzburg ). Official and court days of the Kempten Labor Court take place in the city . Memmingen is the seat of the Memmingen correctional facility .
Memmingen has a tax office with a branch in Mindelheim , an employment agency, a customs office, a police station, a motorway police station and a criminal police station. The Criminal Police Service (KDD) Südschwaben is also based in Memmingen. In November 2011 it was announced that the Memmingen official site would be weakened. The Federal Employment Agency, Memmingen district is merged with the district in Kempten. The headquarters of the future employment agency Kempten-Memmingen is to be built in Kempten. In Memmingen there is a branch of the Unterallgäu district office, which is based in Mindelheim. Also in Memmingen is the former telecommunications office Memmingen 2, built by the Deutsche Bundespost, which became the property of Deutsche Telekom in the course of privatization. The 75 meter high telecommunications tower was intended to transmit private television in the early years; today it serves as a cable receiving point and cellular base station for the cable network.
The city library with a branch in the Theodor-Heuss-Schule owns over 75,000 media. The city also maintains the Scientific City Library of Memmingen , which mainly contains old manuscripts and research literature on the Memmingen area. The Catholic Church has set up a small library, called a media library, in the Maximilian Kolbe House at Ulmer Tor , which is primarily dedicated to non-written media.
The voluntary fire brigade has existed in Memmingen for centuries . Already in the Middle Ages it was reported in various council minutes that all citizens helped put out small fires. So far, Memmingen has been spared large-scale fires. In 1822 the first volunteer fire brigade was founded in Memmingen. In 1945 it was entered in the register of associations. Since it was founded in 1822, the fire brigade had to move to other rooms twice until it was able to move into its newly built fire station on Am Rennweg in 1984 . Around 120 firefighters are currently deployed in 6 fire engines at the main site. In addition to the main fire station on Rennweg, there are other fire departments with a total of 255 members in the districts of Amendingen, Buxach, Dickenreishausen, Eisenburg, Steinheim and Volkratshofen. The city of Memmingen employs 16 full-time employees in the fire brigade, who mainly take care of the operational readiness of the vehicles and their premises. Among other things, due to the high number of operations in the city area, they also drive the incidents and fire guards during the day. If more staff is needed, volunteers are called in. Until the Memmingerberg air base was dissolved, the local professional fire brigade with their extinguishing cannons was usually called in in the event of major fires in industrial plants . There is also a professional fire brigade at Memmingen Airport.
Health and care facilities
Memmingen has the second largest clinic in the Swabian administrative region. The density of doctors is above average with 233 doctors per 100,000 inhabitants. Memmingen ranks 44th in Germany (average in Bavaria 171, in Germany 160). There are nine large old people's homes and just as many assisted living facilities. Further retirement and nursing homes are located in the nearby Buxheim and Fellheim. There are 28 kindergartens and a municipal daycare center in the city for childcare .
General education schools
In Memmingen there are seven primary schools (Edith-Stein-Schule, Elsbethenschule, Primary School Memmingen-Amendingen , Primary School Memmingen-Dickenreishausen, Primary School Memmingen-Steinheim, Theodor-Heuss-Schule and the private St. Aloysius Primary School of the Pius Brotherhood ), three middle schools ( Bismarck School , Mittelschule Memmingen-Amendingen , Lindenschule) ,, two secondary schools (municipal Sebastian-Lotzer secondary school and state secondary school), a state business school, two grammar schools ( Bernhard Strigel grammar school and Vöhlin grammar school ), a vocational school , a technical college and two support centers (Reichshainschule, Notkerschule). On the site of the former slaughterhouse, a new secondary school center for the state and later also for the city secondary school was built by 2010. A music school is also available. The adult education center, which also maintains a Cambridge examination center, offers a comprehensive range of education with around 600 events per semester.
In Memmingen there is a technical college and a vocational high school as well as several vocational schools (e.g. the vocational school for nursing and children's nursing of the city of Memmingen, the technical school for business informatics, the agricultural school of Memmingen). The vocational school center houses the Johann-Bierwirth-Schule, the state commercial vocational training center Jakob Küner, the state vocational school Mindelheim - Memmingen branch and the vocational training center of the Bavarian economy (bfz). The Chamber of Crafts for Swabia operates a vocational training and technology center in Memmingen. The German Employee Academy is located on the Altstadtring . In January 2009, the city was awarded the contract for a state technical school , which began its service at the beginning of the 2009/2010 school year in the Johann-Bierwirth vocational training center. The vocational training center of the Swabian Chamber of Commerce and Industry is located on Donaustraße.
Business School Memmingen
With the Business School, Memmingen has succeeded in establishing an institute of the private Steinbeis University Berlin in the city. There are two courses offered, Bachelor of Business Administration and Bachelor of Engineering. For the first time on March 19, 2010, 13 students were awarded the Bachelor of Arts in the former Kreuzherrenklosterkirche.
Since there is no state university or technical college, Memmingen has applied as a technical college location.
Danube University Krems-Memmingen
The city of Memmingen is the teaching location of Danube University Krems , a university for in-service training. Since the winter semester 2012/13, it has been offering several courses as university courses .
The Institute for Applied Research Memmingen e. V. (IAFM; formerly ZAM) is housed in the "New World". The registered association works closely with universities in the area and with local businesses. For example, radiation measurements from cell phones are carried out. The Children's University for Sustainability (Kunina) opened its doors in January 2010 as a supplementary educational institution for 8 to 15 year olds. At the weekend, courses are offered to students of all types of schools.
In addition to people who have emerged from the city in religion, economics and politics, the city also appointed nationals as honorary citizens who held honorary citizenships in many German cities. The last awards took place on April 28, 2014 to Josef Miller and on October 17, 2016 to Ivo Holzinger .
sons and daughters of the town
The most important citizens of the city of Memmingen were the members of the artist family Strigel , of which the house and court painter Maximilian I , Bartholomäus V. Welser , Augsburg patrician and merchant, Bernhard Strigel , should be emphasized. More recently, Josef Madlener and Max Unold are important artists in the city. Christoph Rheineck was born in the city as the only composer of supraregional importance . The violinist, conductor and university professor Franzjosef Maier is internationally recognized as one of the pioneers of historical performance practice. The daily announcer Claus-Erich Boetzkes also comes from Memmingen. In sport, the long-track world champion Robert Barth is a successful Memminger. The national soccer players Franz “Bulle” Roth , Holger Badstuber , and Mario Götze , who even became world champion, were also born in Memmingen and some of them grew up there.
But the city also produced big names from an economic point of view. The Vöhlin family, together with the Welsers from Augsburg, founded the largest trading company in Germany for a short time, the Große Deutsche Kompagnie . Robert Friedrich Metzeler , whose company still exists, and Hubert Liebherr , a son of the founder of the Liebherr Group, are particularly important in modern times .
The former SPD member of the state parliament , Herbert Müller , was born in Memmingen, as was Heinrich Bedford-Strohm , regional bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria and, since November 11, 2014, Chairman of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany .
Personalities who have worked on site
The city founder Welf VI. , also called the Mild , made Memmingen his residence and died there. The printer Albrecht Kunne lived in the city in the Middle Ages. The Konstanz reformer Ambrosius Blarer worked and Christoph Schappeler lived here during the Reformation. The classical philologist and historian Martin Crusius was rector of the Latin school in Memmingen from 1554 to 1559 before he became professor of Greek and Latin in Tübingen. Wallenstein spent a few months in Memmingen during the turmoil of the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) and there learned of his dismissal as commander of the imperial army. The civil engineer and cartographer Georg Ludwig Stäbenhaber was city commander from 1675 to 1708. Former Bavarian Agriculture Minister Josef Miller lives in the city and is a member of the city council. The green politician Fritz Kuhn attended the Strigelgymnasium and Claudia Roth completed an apprenticeship at the State Theater Swabia . Lena Valaitis spent her childhood in Memmingen.
The following has been published in print, audio and visual media through the city of Memmingen.
- Joachim Jahn and others: The history of the city of Memmingen . tape 1 : From the beginning to the end of the imperial city . Theiss, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-8062-1315-1 .
- Paul Hoser: The history of the city of Memmingen . tape 2 : From a new beginning in the Kingdom of Bavaria to 1945 . Theiss, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-8062-1316-X .
- Uli and Walter Braun: One hour for Memmingen - not to mention the surrounding area. Maximilian Dietrich, Memmingen, ISBN 3-934509-30-4 (first edition: 1959, various editions).
- Curt Visel, Uli Wiesel, Rudolf Lohberg: Memmingen . Maximilian Dietrich, Memmingen 2000, ISBN 3-87164-133-2 .
- Sabine Rogg, Christoph Engelhard: Memmingen - key to the city . Maximilian Dietrich, Memmingen 2007, ISBN 978-3-87164-166-4 .
- Lucian Neitzel: The small town doesn't want to go to sleep. Audio picture, broadcast by Bayerischer Rundfunk on November 23, 1955, published in: Schönere Heimat Erbe und Gegenwart. Edited by the Bavarian National Association for Homeland Care , Volume 45, 1956, p. 136.
- Karin Sommer: The Rosenbaum riots in Memmingen in 1921. A town on the verge of lynching. (Radio broadcast on December 6, 1992 on Bayerischer Rundfunk)
- Stations: Stories about St. Martin in Memmingen, 2008, Bayerischer Rundfunk
- Evening show on Bavarian television, 2007, live broadcast from the Christkindlesmarkt, Bayerischer Rundfunk
- Abgtrieb, first published in 1992, ZDF , 90 minutes (on the Memmingen trial )
- Full employment: The example of Memmingen, May 29, 2008, ARD / Tagesthemen
- District-free city of Memmingen, a selection of important statistical data . In: Bavarian State Office for Statistics (ed.): Statistics communal 2015 . August 2016 ( statistik.bayern.de [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
- Internet presence of the city of Memmingen
- Entry on the coat of arms of Memmingen in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Memmingen architectural monuments (PDF; 2.4 MB) at the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation
- Literature from and about Memmingen in the catalog of the German National Library
- Memmingen: Official statistics of the LfStat
- 360-degree panorama "Above the roofs of Memmingen"
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Status: December 31, 2018, according to the Bavarian State Office for Statistics; the city of Memmingen gives 43,570 residents with primary residence for the same reference date according to another count, see facts and figures about Memmingen. In: memmingen.de, accessed on February 28, 2019.
- City information of Memmingen. In: mapawi.com. Retrieved February 28, 2019 . See also the list of large and medium-sized cities in Germany by population.
- Memmingen Forum for Swabian Regional History November 9-11, 2007 in Memmingen Town Hall.
- Lt. Office for Technical Environmental Protection MM, Building Office MM, Environment Office MM.
- City of Memmingen in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on May 6, 2016.
- Michael Dapper: The history of the city of Memmingen. From the beginning to the end of the imperial city . Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-8062-1315-1 , p. 21st ff .
- Jochen Garbsch / Peter Kos: The late Roman fort Vemania near Isny. Two treasure finds from the early fourth century (= Munich contributions to prehistory and early history. Vol. 44), Beck, Munich 1988, ISBN 3-406-33303-6 , p. 109.
- City of Memmingen, City Archives Memmingen.
- Peter Blickle: The Revolution of 1525. Munich 2004, p. 24.
- Peter Blickle: From serfdom to human rights. A history of freedom in Germany. Munich 2003, p. 90.
- Peter Blickle: From serfdom to human rights. A history of freedom in Germany. Munich 2003, p. 91. Memmingen and the legacy of 1525. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- Twelve Articles and the Federal Peasants ' Order , pamphlet An die versamlung gemayner pawerschetzt. Stadtarchiv Memmingen, materials on the history of the town of Memmingen, series A, no. 2, p. 1, p. 3 ff.
- Unterallgäu and Memmingen. Edition Bayern, House of Bavarian History, 2010, p. 60.
- Twelve Peasant Articles. (No longer available online.) In: memmingen.de. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011 ; Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- Peter Blickle: The history of the city of Memmingen, from the beginnings to the end of the imperial city period. P. 393.
- The confessional writings of the Evangelical Lutheran Church . Published in the commemorative year of the Augsburg Confession 1930 (BSLK) (= Göttingen Theological Textbooks ). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1930; 9th edition, Ibid. 1982, ISBN 3-525-52101-4 , p. 765, lines 29-31; see. P. 17, line 13 f. (German, Latin; mainly in fracture ); 13th edition, kart. Study ed. 12th edition, 2010, ISBN 978-3-525-52101-4 .
- Stadtarchiv Memmingen: Municipal protocol from Mr. Vogelmann.
- Memorial Book. Search in the name directory. Search for: Memmingen - Residence. In: bundesarchiv.de, accessed on April 17, 2020.
- The history of the city of Memmingen - from the new beginning in Königr. Bavaria until 1945. pp. 268–269.
- historical references see literature , unless otherwise stated.
- pedestrian zone is to be redeveloped. In: rt1-suedschwaben.de. Retrieved March 14, 2011 .
- City of Memmingen: Awards. Memmingen receives Bavaria's quality award. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- The Freedom Prize. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- Information on the city anthem. (No longer available online.) In: blumenkoenigin-mm.de. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011 ; accessed on November 27, 2015 .
- Expansion of the Munich - Memmingen - Lindau railway line seals investment volume of 210 million euros • More capacity and considerable reduction in travel time between Munich and Zurich. (PDF; 28 kB) Official press release from Deutsche Bahn AG on the financing agreement for the Geltendorf – Memmingen – Lindau railway line. In: memmingen.de. April 17, 2009, accessed August 9, 2019 .
- press office: Munich – Memmingen – Lindau railway line will be electrified by 2015. Information from the town hall. In: memmingen.de. April 17, 2009, accessed August 9, 2019 .
- Nicholas Kulish: Defying Others, Germany Finds Economic Success. In: nytimes.com . Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- Claudia Flemming: Ikea stops planned location in Memmingen. (No longer available online.) In: memmingen-online24.de. Archived from the original on December 22, 2019 ; accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 764 .
- Memmingen welcomes its 43,000th inhabitant. (No longer available online.) In: memmingen-sind-wir.de. Archived from the original on December 22, 2016 ; accessed on December 22, 2016 .
- Statistics on the Genesis database of the State Office for Statistics in Bavaria. In: statistikdaten.bayern.de. Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- City of Memmingen: Numbers and facts. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved June 13, 2017 .
- memmingen. Data - numbers - facts. (PDF; 114 kB) In: memmingen.de, accessed on June 13, 2017.
- Babies bring Memmingen forward. (No longer available online.) In: all-in.de. October 19, 2010, archived from the original on July 18, 2011 ; accessed on February 28, 2019 .
- Statistics on the Genesis database of the State Office for Statistics in Bavaria. In: statistikdaten.bayern.de. Retrieved June 20, 2017 .
- Dieter Wieland: Topography - Memmingen the free imperial city. In: youtube.com. Bayerischer Rundfunk , 1983, accessed on September 3, 2017 ( Under our Heaven series. 24:25 min., Here: from 6:42 min.).
- The fisherman's claim 2007 by senior fisherman Jürgen Kolb. In: fischertagsverein.de, Fischertagsverein Memmingen e. V., accessed on February 28, 2019 (for the dialectal text).
- Astronauts on the Memminger Mau in July 1969. In: stadtarchiv.memmingen.de. Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- Ludwig Aurbacher : Adventure of the seven Swabians and the Spiegelschwaben in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Figures and facts about the city of Memmingen. Residents (primary residence - as of December 31, 2018). In: memmingen.de, accessed on June 25, 2019.
- Annual report 2014 of the City of Memmingen. (No longer available online.) In: memmingen.de. Archived from the original on November 10, 2018 ; Retrieved April 7, 2016 .
- Figures and facts about the city of Memmingen. Status: December 31, 2017. In: memmingen.de, accessed on March 4, 2019.
- City portrait of the project "Reformation cities of Europe": Reformation city of Memmingen. Germany. The Paulskirche of Upper Swabia. In: reformation-cities.org, accessed on December 9, 2016. - For the significance of Memmingen in the history of the Reformation, see the sections History and Religions and the articles History of the City of Memmingen , Memminger Disputation , Christoph Schappeler , Sebastian Lotzer , Twelve Articles and Confessio Tetrapolitana .
- History. (No longer available online.) In: friedenskirche-mm.de. Archived from the original on January 1, 2018 ; Retrieved May 1, 2011 .
- Christian unity. (No longer available online.) In: friedenskirche-mm.de. Archived from the original on January 1, 2018 ; Retrieved May 1, 2011 .
- Churches and Religious Communities. Other church / religious communities. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- The history of the Memmingen Jews. In: Alemannia Judaica . Retrieved March 22, 2011 .
- opening of the new Fatih Mosque was celebrated with a three and a half hour program. In: Memminger Zeitung. April 28, 2008, p. 33, as well as the letters to the editor on this article.
- City of Memmingen, City Council Election 2020 , accessed on March 23, 2020
- Result of the mayor's runoff election on November 6, 2016. In: all-in.de, accessed on November 7, 2016.
- Budget of the City of Memmingen 2019.
- Debt ranking of the 103 independent cities in Germany. Household control.de, accessed on September 19, 2014 .
- Annual report 2007–2009. Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- Bundestag elections in Bavaria. In: wahlen.bayern.de. Retrieved March 28, 2020 .
- Bundestag elections in Bavaria. (No longer available online.) In: wahlen.bayern.de. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013 ; Retrieved August 12, 2014 .
- Memminger Zeitung. September 29, 2009, p. 38.
- Entry on the coat of arms of Memmingen in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 6, 2017 .
- Memmingen's city partnerships, friendships and sponsorships. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved August 9, 2019 .
- The theater building. (No longer available online.) In: els-memmingen.de. Archived from the original on September 18, 2009 ; Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- Message on RT1 Südschwaben.de. In: rt1-suedschwaben.de. Retrieved March 26, 2011 .
- That's us. In: memminger-marionettentheater.de, accessed on November 16, 2018.
- Memmingen City Museum. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved August 9, 2019 .
- Brochure from the cultural office of the city of Memmingen - City Museum in the Hermansbau.
- Museums in the Antonierhaus. In: memmingen.de. Accessed August 9, 2019 (official museum page).
- Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: Faith through healing, healing through faith (The Antoniter Museum in Memmingen). In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 2: Southern Germany. S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-7776-2511-9 , pp. 113-115.
- MEWO art gallery Memmingen. In: mewo-kunsthalle.de. Retrieved June 4, 2013 .
- Finds from the Kreuzherrenkloster. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved on August 10, 2019 (official website of the Kreuzherrenkloster).
- Church music in St. Josef. In: memmingen-katholisch.de. Retrieved May 1, 2012 .
- Memminger Zeitung . September 15, 2011, p. 29: Passion gives strength .
- Rex-Palast: Memminger Kino again at the end. (No longer available online.) In: all-in.de. Archived from the original on September 24, 2016 ; Retrieved July 4, 2012 .
- New cinema starts with test run. (No longer available online.) In: all-in.de. Archived from the original on March 31, 2016 ; Retrieved July 4, 2012 .
- Great cinema. (No longer available online.) In: all-in.de. Archived from the original on January 4, 2016 ; Retrieved July 4, 2012 .
- Greeting from Mayor Manfred Schilder. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved March 23, 2011 (this sentence can be found in the first section).
- From Volkspark to Football Arena (exhibition on the stadium opening in 2006). In: memmingen.de. Retrieved August 10, 2019 .
- KMD Hans-Eberhard Roß receives Memminger Kulturpreis 2012. (No longer available online.) In: portal.info-site.eu. May 1, 2012, archived from the original on December 13, 2014 ; accessed on November 10, 2018 .
- Joachim Jahn u. a .: The history of the city of Memmingen - from the beginnings to the end of the imperial city period. Volume 1. Theiss Verlag, Memmingen 1997, ISBN 3-8062-1315-1 , p. 98 ff.
- Memminger Chronik des Friedrich Claus covering the years 1826-1892. Edited and explained by Friedrich Döderlein (royal high school teacher). Verlag von B. Hartnig, Memmingen 1894, OCLC 163316582 , pp. 259-260.
- Memminger Zeitung. April 8, 2008, p. 32: “City offers association interest-free loan”.
- "History" of the Memmingen section of the DAV. (No longer available online.) In: dav-memmingen.de. June 28, 2008, archived from the original on February 24, 2005 ; accessed on February 28, 2019 .
- Sports clubs in Memmingen. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved August 10, 2019 .
- Cultural diversity in Memmingen. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved August 10, 2019 .
- Report on the town hall tower. In: rt1-südschwaben.de. Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- Press office: 475 years of Memmingen fair. In: memmingen.de. October 10, 2016, accessed August 10, 2019 .
- Statistics on the Genesis database of the State Office for Statistics in Bavaria. Retrieved August 23, 2010 .
- The economicthe city of Memmingen. (PDF; 5.3 MB) (No longer available online.) In: statistikdaten.bayern.de. Formerly in the original ; Retrieved November 10, 2018 (originally accessed March 2008; no mementos). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Numbers-data-facts. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved November 10, 2018 (at the bottom of the website).
- Statistics on the Genesis database of the State Office for Statistics in Bavaria. In: statistikdaten.bayern.de. Accessed March 2008 .
- Numbers and facts about Memmingen. Tourism. (No longer available online.) In: memmingen.de. Archived from the original on May 14, 2012 ; Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- Numbers and facts about Memmingen. Development of the number of overnight stays since 2005. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved June 21, 2019 .
- Stadtinformation Memmingen, Memminger Zeitung, several articles in June and July 2009 on this topic.
- Memmingen. In: allgaeu.de, accessed on March 20, 2019.
- Full employment in Swabia (only job agencies are actually unemployed here). In: tagesschau.de. Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- All labor market reports from the Federal Employment Agency in Memmingen. (No longer available online.) In : arbeitsagentur.de. June 11, 2011, archived from the original ; accessed on November 10, 2018 .
- Memminger Zeitung. March 30, 2012.
- spring upswing continues. (PDF; 94 kB) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on May 15, 2014 ; Retrieved on May 14, 2015 (press release No. 32/2014 - April 30, 2014 of the Employment Agency).
- Memminger Zeitung. December 2, 2015, p. 17: “Pretzels and Baklava”.
- Current results - VGR dL. In: statistik-bw.de. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
- Ikea will soon open new branches in these cities. In: Stern-online. Retrieved February 16, 2016 .
- City council- Ikea is welcome in Memmingen. In: all-in.de. Retrieved February 16, 2016 .
- New company strategy. Ikea is examining settlement in Memmingen. In: BR.de. April 5, 2018, accessed August 21, 2019 .
- Nicole Wieden: Ikea. No furniture store branch in Memmingen - the reason for this is simple. In: swp.de. Südwest Presse , March 22, 2019, accessed on June 21, 2019 : "The location is not profitable"
- Memmingen - Southern German traffic intersection. Press release from the town hall of Memmingen. (No longer available online.) In: memmingen.de. Archived from the original on March 11, 2008 ; Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- Local public transport (ÖPNV). In: memmingen.de. Retrieved August 10, 2019 .
- Uli Braun and Fritz Gorlitt: Memminger Brief 1977–1981 . Ed .: Uli Braun. Memmingen 1989.
- Building permission granted for the Aichstetten - Leutkirch section. In: abs48.com. Retrieved August 23, 2017 .
- Regio-S-Bahn Donau-Iller results of the main study. (PDF; 2.3 MB) Association meeting of the Donau-Iller region, Laupheim, November 27, 2012. (No longer available online.) In: rvdi.de. SMA / Intraplan, November 27, 2012, p. 7 f. , archived from the original on February 1, 2014 ; accessed on November 13, 2019 .
- airport a Unfugsprojekt. In: Memminger Zeitung. March 8, 2004.
- Memminger Zeitung. July 9, 2004, announcement by the government of Upper Bavaria.
- Fabiane Wieland: Memmingen: Significant increase in passenger numbers: Memmingen Airport recorded a total of 1.72 million passengers in 2019. In: suedkurier.de. January 7, 2020, accessed March 11, 2020 .
- Homepage. In: local-mm.de, accessed on August 10, 2019.
- Offices in the area of the police headquarters Swabia South / West. In: polizei.bayern.de. Retrieved August 10, 2019 .
- Other authorities and institutions. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved March 23, 2011 (list of the various federal and state offices in the city).
- Ulli Braun: The Chronicle of the Voluntary Fire Brigade Memmingen e. V. In: feuerwehr-memmingen.de. Retrieved August 10, 2019 .
- About us. In: feuerwehr-memmingen.de. Retrieved on April 17, 2020 (with membership numbers of the Voluntary Fire Brigade Memmingen e.V.). - vehicles. In: feuerwehr-memmingen.de. Retrieved on April 17, 2020 (with links to the individual fire engines).
- District. (No longer available online.) In: feuerwehr-memmingen.de. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011 ; Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- About us - Voluntary Fire Brigade of the City of Memmingen e. V. In: feuerwehr-memmingen.de. Retrieved March 11, 2020 .
- history. In: allgaeu-airport.de. Retrieved March 11, 2020 .
- Brochure about the Memmingen Clinic. (PDF; 4.1 MB) (No longer available online.) In: klinikinfo.de. P. 3 , archived from the original on July 19, 2011 ; accessed on March 23, 2011 (greeting from the Lord Mayor).
- 13 nursing homes in and around Memmingen. Retrieved March 20, 2020 .
- Day care facilities in Memmingen: Day care facilities. Retrieved March 20, 2020 .
- Search and find all schools in Bavaria. School search for "Memmingen" and "Elementary Schools" in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture, Science and Art , accessed on July 18, 2019.
- Search and find all schools in Bavaria. School search for "Memmingen" and "Mittelschulen" in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture, Science and Art, accessed on July 18, 2019.
- Schools and Education. In: memmingen.de. Retrieved July 29, 2019 .
- The BTZ in Memmingen. In: handwerkskammer-schwaben.de. Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- Memminger Zeitung. February 4, 2009, p. 25: "Technical school a success for the region".
- The official website of the Business School Memmingen. In: bs-memmingen.de. Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- Memminger Zeitung. March 27, 2010.
- Examples of the demands for a university. (No longer available online.) In: Junge-block.de. April 20, 2010, archived from the original on November 18, 2010 ; accessed on November 10, 2018 .
- Memmingen as a teaching location. In: donau-uni.ac.at. Retrieved August 10, 2019 .
- Press office: High-tech facility that works. The new chairman of the IAFM pays a visit to the mayor. In: memmingen.de. March 22, 2007, accessed March 23, 2011 .
- (VER): At the age of eight to university. Opening - educational institution for children opens its doors - project work in the foreground. (No longer available online.) In: Memminger Zeitung. January 18, 2010, archived from the original on July 18, 2011 ; Retrieved March 23, 2011 .
- KUniNa: The first “Children's University for Sustainability” was opened in Germany. Press release. (No longer available online.) In: kunina.eu. January 17, 2010, archived from the original on July 20, 2011 ; accessed on November 27, 2015 .
- Hans Widmann : Author trouble of a scholar in the 16th century. In: Börsenblatt for the German book trade - Frankfurt edition. No. 89, (November 5) 1968, pp. 2929-2940, here: p. 2929.
- maj: announcement of the live broadcast. (No longer available online.) In: all-in.de. November 26, 2007, archived from the original on March 9, 2009 .
- Description of the film "Abgritten". In: abortionfilms.org. Retrieved May 5, 2008 .