District of Traunstein

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Traunstein Map of Germany, position of the Traunstein district highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 53 '  N , 12 ° 35'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
Administrative headquarters : Traunstein
Area : 1,534 km 2
Residents: 177,319 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 116 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : TS, LF
Circle key : 09 1 89
Circle structure: 35 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
XVI. -Platz 83278 Traunstein
Website : traunstein.com
District Administrator : Siegfried Walch ( CSU )
Location of the district of Traunstein in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture
In the Chiemgau south of Traunstein

The district of Traunstein is located in the southeast of the administrative district of Upper Bavaria and is - after the district of Ansbach - the second largest district in Bavaria by area and the largest in Upper Bavaria. It belongs to the EuRegio Salzburg - Berchtesgadener Land - Traunstein and Euregio Inntal and is designated as an independent tourism region “ Chiemsee-Chiemgau ” within Bavaria .



The district includes the Chiemgau Alps in the south and large parts of the lake, river and hilly landscape of the Chiemgau and the Rupertiwinkel in the north . It is around 65 kilometers from the southernmost administrative district of Reit im Winkl to Engelsberg in the north, and around 40 kilometers from Seebruck am Chiemsee in the west to Kirchanschöring in the east. Apart from the islands, the Chiemsee belongs almost entirely to the district area. The highest point is the Sonntagshorn (1961 m. Above sea level), the lowest point is in the Salzach Valley near Tittmoning (370 m. Above sea level). The largest rivers are the Alz , which rises from the Chiemsee in the north and flows through the northern district area in the direction of the Inn , its right tributary, the Traun , which flows through the district area from south to north, and the Tiroler Achen , which runs the south-western district area to theirs Muzzle flows through the Chiemsee. In the east, the Salzach forms the border with Austria.

Neighboring areas

The district borders in a clockwise direction in the west, starting with the districts of Rosenheim , Mühldorf am Inn and Altötting . In the southeast, the district of Berchtesgadener Land is its neighbor.

In the northeast and south the district borders on Austria : in the northeast on Upper Austria and Salzburg , in the south on Salzburg and Tyrol .

Protected areas

The district has 13 nature reserves , ten landscape protection areas , 18 FFH areas and at least 44 geotopes designated by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (as of May 2016).

See also



The district includes, among other things, the eastern part of the Chiemgau , which for a long time was associated with both the Bavarian dukes and the prince archbishops of Salzburg .

Kingdom of Bavaria

In 1802 the regional courts of the older order were established in Bavaria . They were responsible for administration and jurisdiction. In the area of ​​today's district of Traunstein there were the district courts of Traunstein and Trostberg and from 1810 Laufen and Tittmoning . They briefly belonged to the Salzachkreis and came to the Isarkkreis in 1816 , which was renamed Upper Bavaria in 1838 .

The district office of Traunstein was formed in 1862 through the merger of the regional courts of the older order of Traunstein and Trostberg. The district courts of Laufen and Tittmoning formed the district office of Laufen.

On July 1, 1876, the city of Traunstein became an immediate city and left the Traunstein District Office.

On the occasion of the reform of the layout of the Bavarian district offices, the Traunstein district office received municipalities from the Laufen district office on January 1, 1880.

On January 1, 1900, the district office for municipalities ceded to the district office of Rosenheim.

On January 1, 1914, the district office gave the municipality of Au to the city of Traunstein.

time of the nationalsocialism

On January 1, 1939, the designation district was introduced as everywhere else in the German Reich . So the district offices became the districts of Laufen and Traunstein.

On April 1, 1940, the independent city of Traunstein was incorporated into the Traunstein district, but this was reversed on April 1, 1948.

post war period

On January 1, 1970, large parts of the Lauter community in the Laufen district were reorganized into the Traunstein district and incorporated into the Surberg community .

Territorial reform with formation of the district

As part of the regional reform in Bavaria , the Traunstein district was significantly enlarged on July 1, 1972. New to the district:

At the same time, the communities of Eiting and Maisenberg were incorporated into Engelsberg and the community of Peterskirchen into Tacherting .

Population development

Population development in the district from 1840 to 2017 according to the table below

The district of Traunstein gained around 23,000 inhabitants between 1988 and 2008 or grew by around 16%. Between 1988 and 2018 the district grew from 147,628 to 177,089 by 29,461 inhabitants or by 20%.

The following figures refer to the territorial status on May 25, 1987.

Population development
year 1840 1900 1939 1950 1961 1970 1987 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2017
Residents 47,646 64,943 81,874 124,848 120,721 133,623 145.408 156.913 162,876 167,646 170.906 170,521 174.162 176,290

License Plate

Even before its enlargement as part of the regional reform, the district was assigned the distinctive symbol TS on July 1, 1956, when the license plates that are still valid today were introduced . To this day it is issued as a rule indicator for the entire district.

Since October 14, 2016, due to the license plate liberalization within the district, the distinctive sign LF (for the formerly independent district of Laufen, which was largely absorbed into Traunstein) has been available again.


District officials and district administrators


District council

District election 2014
Turnout: 57.15% (-5.15% p)
Gains and losses
compared to 2008
 % p
-2.9  % p
-0.5  % p
+ 0.8  % p
+ 2.7  % p.p.
+1.4  % p
+ 0.9  % p
-0.65  % p

In the district of Traunstein there are 70 district councils in the district council due to the high population.

Distribution of seats after the 2020 local elections :

Political party Seats
CSU 27
FW / UW 9
SPD 7th
BP 3
Boy list 3

District facilities

The district of Traunstein is the largest shareholder of the municipal clinic association Kliniken Südostbayern , which operates the district's own clinics in Traunstein and Trostberg as well as the Vinzentinum in Ruhpolding.

Another administrative task is the material costs for secondary schools . The district of Traunstein maintains secondary schools in Traunstein, Trostberg, Traunreut and Marquartstein. The Annette-Kolb- Gymnasium , the Chiemgau-Gymnasium in Traunstein and the Hertzhaimer-Gymnasium in Trostberg are also schools for the administrative expenses of the district, in addition there are the three vocational schools , the agricultural school , technical college and vocational college as well as the social pedagogical center in Traunstein.

The responsibility of the district includes a district road network of 378 kilometers.

In the field of waste management, the district is a member of the Zweckverband Zweckverband Abfallverwertung Südostbayern .

badges and flags

Coat of arms of the district of Traunstein
Blazon : “Split; in front in silver a striding, red armored and fire-breathing blue panther; divided behind by gold and red; above a red armored black eagle, below on a green three-mountain a two-towered silver castle, behind which a green tree grows. "
Reasons for the coat of arms: The coat of arms of the district of Traunstein shows a blue panther on a silver background on its heraldic right half . This is the coat of arms of the Counts of Spanheim , who ruled Chiemgau as early as the 12th century. The upper left half of the coat of arms shows a red-armored black eagle on a golden background: the coat of arms of the former diocese of Chiemsee . The lower left half shows a white castle and a green tree on a red background - the coat of arms of the Baumburg monastery - and thus represents the northern part of the district.

A white and blue flag with the county coat of arms is used as the unofficial county flag .

Economy and Infrastructure

Agriculture, industry and trade, services and tourism are the main pillars of the economy in the district. Industrial centers are the cities of Traunreut and Trostberg north of Traunstein , while tourism is more likely to be located in the south of the district. The district ranks 10th within Germany in the 2017 district ranking of the business magazine “FOCUS-MONEY”. The Chiemgauer Panther has been awarding the annual Chiemgauer Panther business award since 2016 to promote business.

In June 2017, the unemployment rate in the district was 2.5% and thus significantly below the national average.



Marketing logo of the Chiemgau Tourismus eV

Together with the Rosenheim district, the district was a member of the Chiemsee Tourism Association (1912–2009), which was dissolved at the end of 2009 with a large majority. The former district councils of the two counties represented unlike many Traunsteiner communities view: "Each district is to advertise its own association to the tourists." Thus, since 1 January 2010, the communities of the district of Traunstein in association Chiemgau Tourist Board organized that of the Rosenheim district in the Chiemsee Alpenland Association .

As a result, the Traunstein district has been promoted within Bavaria as an independent tourism region, which has its own website and, since 2017, a new logo under the brand "chiemsee chiemgau Bavarian Alps". Initially the self-designation as the tourism region was "Chiemgau", since 2019 " Chiemsee-Chiemgau ". Despite its name, however, after its separation from the Rosenheim district, the tourism region only partially covers the Chiemgau and Chiemsee cultural landscapes .

The district of Traunstein or the Chiemsee-Chiemgau tourist region comprises the eastern part of the Chiemgau and in the north-west part of the Rupertiwinkel cultural landscape , which attracts tourists with its rural, rural character.

Popular tourist destinations in the Chiemsee region are Seebruck and Chieming , in the alpine district region of Reit im Winkl , Ruhpolding and Inzell to the south and in the northeastern part of the Rupertiwinkel Waging am See with the Waginger See . In addition to the Chiemsee as the main attraction, the Winklmoos-Alm area , the Steinplatte and the Chiemgau-Arena ( biathlon center) also attract tourists.


Railway line

In 1860, the Rosenheim – Salzburg section of the Bavarian Maximiliansbahn that ran via Traunstein was opened. A few decades later, several local railways of the Bavarian State Railways were built from the city of Traunstein to the surrounding area:

  • 1891 to Trostberg, from 1910 on to Mühldorf
  • 1895 to Ruhpolding
  • 1902 to Waging am See
The northeast of the district in the 1930s (record sheet of the 3rd Austrian regional record )

Another main line has been connecting Mühldorf and Freilassing since 1894/1908. From 1894 a branch line to the town of Tittmoning on the Salzach branched off in Wiesmühl.

The local railways Endorf – Obing and Übersee – Marquartstein were connected to the long-distance Rosenheim – Salzburg line in 1908 and 1885, respectively.

Passenger trains also ran on the Hörpolding – Traunreut freight railway, which was built during the Second World War. Since December 10, 2006, the regional trains of the SüdostBayernBahn have been running from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. every hour between Traunstein and Traunreut.

The narrow-gauge state forest railway Ruhpolding – Reit im Winkl was a specialty, but was only in operation for a few years.

The main part of the railway network with a length of 108 km is still in operation today. 46 km of branch lines were closed; half of this is accounted for by the Ruhpolding – Reit iW forest railway

  • 1931: Ruhpolding – Reit im Winkl 23 km (meter gauge)
  • 1964: Hörpolding –Traunreut 3 km (passenger traffic again since 2006 as a branch of the Traun-Alz-Bahn )
  • 1968: Endorf – Aindorf – Obing 6 km and Übersee – Marquartstein 8 km
  • 1969: Wiesmühl – Tittmoning 6 km

Since 2005, the Endorf – Obing line has been operated again as a local Chiemgau railway . Likewise, the Hörpolding – Traunreut route has been operated again since 2007 by the Südostbayernbahn belonging to Deutsche Bahn AG .

Bus transport

The regional traffic Upper Bavaria GmbH (RVO) operates about 40 bus lines and four other bus companies.

Road traffic

The following roads run through the district:

  • 24 km motorway ( A 8 Munich – Salzburg)
  • 168 km of federal highways
  • 226 km of state roads
  • 378 km of county roads
  • 2,239 km of municipal roads


(Residents on December 31, 2019)


  1. Tittmoning (5823)
  2. Traunreut (20,931)
  3. Traunstein , large district town (20,599)
  4. Trostberg (11,295)


  1. Grassau (6878)
  2. Waging a.See (7027)

Other communities

  1. Altenmarkt adAlz (4146)
  2. Bergen (4892)
  3. Chieming (4976)
  4. Engelsberg (2561)
  5. Fridolfing (4401)
  6. Grabenstaett (4381)
  7. Inzell (4826)
  8. Kienberg (1414)
  9. Kirchanschöring (3329)
  10. Marquartstein (3273)
  11. Nussdorf (2457)
  12. Obing (4332)
  13. Palling (3492)
  14. Petting (2323)
  15. Pittenhart (1827)
  16. Reit im Winkl (2328)
  17. Ruhpolding (7065)
  18. Schleching (1856)
  19. Schnaitsee (3648)
  20. Seeon-Seebruck (4488)
  21. Siegsdorf (8310)
  22. Staudach-Egerndach (1152)
  23. Surberg (3420)
  24. Tacherting (5768)
  25. Taching a.See (2145)
  26. Overseas (4997)
  27. Unterwössen (3577)
  28. Vachendorf (1812)
  29. Wonneberg (1570)
Chiemsee Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Waginger See Wonneberg Waging am See Vachendorf Unterwössen Übersee (Chiemgau) Trostberg Traunstein Traunreut Tittmoning Taching am See Tacherting Surberg Staudach-Egerndach Siegsdorf Seeon-Seebruck Schnaitsee Schleching Ruhpolding Reit im Winkl Pittenhart Petting (Gemeinde) Palling Obing Nußdorf (Chiemgau) Marquartstein Kirchanschöring Kienberg (Oberbayern) Inzell Grassau Grabenstätt Fridolfing Engelsberg Chieming Bergen (Chiemgau) Altenmarkt an der Alz Österreich Österreich ÖsterreichMunicipalities in TS.svg
About this picture

Administrative communities

  1. Bergen
    (municipalities of Bergen and Vachendorf)
  2. Marquartstein
    (communities of Marquartstein and Staudach-Egerndach)
  3. Obing
    (municipalities of Kienberg, Obing and Pittenhart)
  4. Waging a.See
    (Market Waging a.See and communities Taching a.See and Wonneberg)

Unregulated areas (86.84 km²)

  1. Chiemsee (77.86 km²)
  2. Waginger See (8.98 km²)
Former parishes

The following municipalities lost their independence while they were part of the Traunstein district:

  • Albertaich , January 1, 1972 to Obing
  • Asten , joined Tittmoning LF on January 1, 1976
  • Au , on January 1, 1914 in Traunstein
  • Eisenärzt , on January 1, 1972 in Siegsdorf
  • Emertsham , to Tacherting on January 1, 1972
  • Erlstätt , on May 1, 1978 in Grabenstätt
  • Freimann , on July 1, 1972 at Waging am See
  • Freutsmoos , on January 1, 1978 to Palling LF
  • Hammer , on May 1, 1978 in Siegsdorf
  • Hart , to Chieming on January 1, 1972
  • Haslach , on May 1, 1978 in Traunstein
  • Haßmoning , on May 1, 1926 in Stein an der Traun
  • Heiligkreuz , May 1, 1978 in Trostberg
  • Hochberg , on July 1, 1972 in Traunstein
  • Holzhausen , on January 1, 1972 in Bergen
  • Ising , in Chieming on January 1, 1972
  • Chamber , on July 1, 1972 in Traunstein
  • Kay , joined Tittmoning LF on May 1, 1978
  • Kirchstätt , on January 1, 1978 in Schnaitsee
  • Lindach , on January 1st, 1971 in Trostberg

LF The community belonged to the district of Laufen until July 1, 1972

Name changes
  • The municipality of Egerndach was renamed Staudach-Egerndach on April 13, 1949 .
  • The Tabing community was renamed Ising on October 30, 1965 .


  • Johann Josef Wagner: History of the royal Bavarian regional court Traunstein and its secular and ecclesiastical components . First division. (Reprint from the Upper Bavarian Archive for Patriotic History , Volume 26) Munich 1865 ( E-Copy )
  • Johann Josef Wagner: History of the Traunstein Regional Court . Second division. History of the former Hofmark seats in the district court district of Traunstein . In: Upper Bavarian Archive for Fatherland History , Volume 27, Munich 1866–1867, pp. 15–109 ( online ).

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Traunstein  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ District Administrator Siegfried Walch. District Office Traunstein, accessed on June 3, 2020 .
  3. a b Bavarian State Office for Statistics : Tourism regions in Bavaria Status: January 1, 2019, PDF file online at statistik.bayern.de
  4. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 581 .
  5. Locations directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria 1888
  6. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 97 .
  7. ^ Ordinance on the reorganization of Bavaria into counties and urban districts of December 27, 1971 , p. 497 f.
  8. Entry on the coat of arms of the Traunstein district  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 5, 2017 .
  9. Entry on the district of Traunstein on the website kommunalflaggen.eu
  10. District Ranking. Focus Money, 2017, accessed July 4, 2017 .
  11. Statistics of the Federal Employment Agency, Bavaria - statistik.arbeitsagentur.de
  12. Chiemsee Tourism Association: No anniversary , updated report from December 16, 2009, online at chiemgau24.de .
  13. a b Website of Chiemgau Tourismus e. V. , online at chiemsee-chiemgau.info
  14. In the 2017 information on the tourism regions in Bavaria , the Traunstein district is still advertised as "Chiemgau"; Status: January 1, 2017, PDF file online at statistik.bayern.de
  15. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).