|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Franconia|
|Height :||262 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||54.62 km 2|
|Residents:||77,373 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1416 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||96047, 96049, 96050, 96052|
|Area code :||0951|
|License plate :||BA|
|Community key :||09 4 61 000|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Andreas Starke ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Bamberg in Bavaria|
|Old town of Bamberg|
|UNESCO world heritage|
|Criteria :||(ii) (iv)|
|Reference No .:||[ whc.unesco.org (English) 624]|
|UNESCO region :||Europe and North America|
|History of enrollment|
|Enrollment:||1993 (session 17)|
Bamberg (medieval: Babenberg , Bambergisch : Bambärch ) is a Franconian district-free city in the Bavarian administrative district of Upper Franconia and the location of the Bamberg district office . It is the largest medium- sized town in Bavaria, a university , school and administrative center, the seat of a higher regional court and the public prosecutor's office in Bamberg , an important economic center in Upper Franconia and the seat of the archbishopric of the same name . The most famous building is the four-tower Bamberg Cathedral , one of the former imperial domes .
The city is designated in the regional planning as the regional center of western Upper Franconia and is part of the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region . Bamberg has around 78,000 inhabitants, making it the largest city in Upper Franconia, the agglomeration has around 117,000 inhabitants.
The Old Town is one of the largest preserved largely historic centers in Germany and since 1993 as a World Heritage Site in the list of UNESCO entered. In addition, Bamberg is known nationwide for its diverse beer tradition as well as for the traditional nurseries with large cultivation areas in the middle of the city.
The place extends over the valley of the Regnitz . The so-called Inselstadt lies between her right and left arm - the right one was expanded into the Main-Danube Canal . Other central parts of the city are the Toomberg in the southwest and the gardening town in the northeast and the Wunderburg in the southeast, both of which are located in the aforementioned depression. The location on the two arms of the river shapes the character of the old town.
The Regnitz leaves the city in a north-westerly direction and flows into the Main at its westernmost border, five kilometers from the center, at Bischberg . To the south, the Regnitz valley stretches to Fürth , to the west is the Steigerwald , to the northwest and north is the Main valley and beyond that the Haßberge Nature Park . East of Bamberg is the hill country of the Franconian Switzerland Nature Park with the Geisberg ( ) and Katzenberg ( ).
Expansion of the urban area
The urban area has an area of 54.58 square kilometers. The north-south extension is 9.6 kilometers, the east-west extension 9.7 kilometers. The old town lies on the island between the two Regnitz arms and west of the left Regnitz arm (Domberg). Later the city expanded mainly to the east.
Bamberg is divided into the following districts: Berggebiet, Mitte (Inselstadt), Theuerstadt (Gärtnerstadt, St. Gangolf), Wunderburg , Gereuth, Nord (St. Otto), Ost (St. Heinrich), Gartenstadt (St. Kunigunda), Bruckertshof, Bug, Bughof, Gaustadt , Hirschknock, Kramersfeld and Wildensorg.
Between 1750 and 1753, the administration divided Bamberg into four quarters , which were named after the city's saints : the Henriziviertel in the northwest, the Georgenviertel in the northeast, the Kunigundenviertel in the southeast and the Ottonisviertel in the southwest. The houses were numbered within each individual quarter. A new division into four districts, which corresponded to the parishes of St. Martin, St. Gangolf, Our Lady and Cathedral, took place in 1804. At the same time, all houses in the city were numbered consecutively, starting with the old town hall. In 1876 house numbers were assigned street by street . As the city grew, more were added to the existing districts, for example the 5th district around the parish Maria Hilf in the Wunderburg in 1909 and the 6th district around the parish St. Otto in 1916. This classification, which has not been officially abolished to this day, only serves as the basis for the activities of the 16 civic associations , whereby there are sometimes two civic associations in one district. The civil associations Gaustadt and Kramersfeld-Bruckertshof-Hirschknock were founded when Gaustadt was still an independent municipality and Kramersfeld was still part of Hallstadt . The city is currently divided into statistical census districts, which are based on historical and urban planning guidelines.
|District||Civic association||Year of foundation of the BV|
|I. District||Bamberg-Mitte civic association||1905|
|II. District||Gangolf Civic Association||1908|
|III. District||Kaulberg Citizens' Association||1899|
|Stephansberg Citizens' Association||1953|
|IV. District||Civic Association Sand||1891|
|V. District||Civic Association Wunderburg, Bamberg Süd||1906|
|Bamberg-Süd civil association, Gereuth||1974|
|VI. District||Civic Association Bamberg-Nord, St.Otto||1923|
|VII. District||Bamberg East Citizens' Association||1951|
|VIII. District||Garden City Civic Association||1951|
|IX. District||Civic Association Kramersfeld-Bruckertshof-Hirschknock||1956|
|X. District||Civic Association Bug||1972|
|XI. District||Civic Association Gaustadt||1904|
|XII. District||Wildensorg Civic Association||1979|
|XIII. District||Civic Association South-West||1977|
|XIV. District||Citizens' Association Am Bruderwald||1993|
Bamberg has around 650 streets, squares and alleys.
The temperature mean in the coldest month of January is −1.1 ° C, in the summer month of July +17.8 ° C. The annual average temperature is +8.5 ° C.
- Highest temperature ever measured: +38.2 ° C (July 25, 2019)
- Lowest temperature ever measured: −30.1 ° C (February 10, 1956)
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Bamberg
- List of nature reserves in the city of Bamberg
- List of landscape protection areas in Bamberg
- List of FFH areas in the city of Bamberg
- List of geotopes in Bamberg
The oldest relics of Bamberg's prehistory are probably the Bamberg idols found in the 19th century .
In the year 902 a castrum was called Babenberch for the first time on today's Domberg. It belonged to the East Franconian family of the older Babenbergs , who lost the fief in 903 in a bloody feud with the Rhine Franconian Conradins . In the so-called Babenberg feud , three Babenberg brothers died. The possessions fell to the king and remained a royal estate until 973. Emperor Otto II gave the castrum to his cousin, the Duke of Bavaria, Heinrich the quarrel .
The diocese was founded in 1007 by King Heinrich II , the son of Heinrich the Quarrel, and in the same year he had the first cathedral built, but it burned down twice and was replaced by the current building from the 13th century. In 1208 King Philip of Swabia was murdered in Bamberg by Otto VIII von Wittelsbach .
In January 1430 the Hussites advanced on Bamberg (see also Hussite Wars ). The cathedral chapter fled with the cathedral treasure (today in the Diocesan Museum Bamberg ) to the Giechburg , the bishop himself withdrew to Carinthia . The wealthy citizens fled to Forchheim and Nuremberg. However, the Hussites did not take Bamberg. When they had conquered Scheßlitz, the craftsmen, day laborers and farmers who remained in Bamberg plundered first the wine cellars and then the town houses and monasteries. Shortly thereafter acted Margrave Frederick of Brandenburg with Andreas Prokop , commander of the Hussite movement, on Castle Zwernitz a ceasefire and Bamberg paid 12,000 guilders ransom to the arson to escape.
An uprising of the citizens in the 15th century against the power of the prince-bishop, the so-called immunity dispute, was unsuccessful. The Peasants' War of 1524/1525 left its mark on the city.
In the Treaty of Lunéville, the town and monastery were promised to the Electorate of Bavaria as compensation for the loss of the Palatinate to France. Even before the final fixation in the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , Bavaria began to militarily occupy the territory of the bishopric on September 2, 1802, and on November 29, the area finally declared a Bavarian province. Prince-Bishop Christoph Franz von Buseck resigned and thus sealed the end of Bamberg's independence.
During the March Revolution in 1848/49 Bamberg was a stronghold of the Democrats, which is why the city was considered particularly radical by the government in Munich. The most famous personalities were the lawyers Nikolaus Titus and Ignaz Prell , the doctor Heinrich Heinkelmann and the journalist Carl Heger . There the so-called 14 Bamberg articles , a catalog of basic rights, were read out.
On May 25 and 26, 1854, eight German medium-sized states ( Bavaria , Saxony , Hanover , Württemberg , Baden , Kurhessen , Hessen-Darmstadt and Nassau ) held the Bamberg Conference in Bamberg , in which they discussed their position on the two great powers of Austria and Prussia agreed on the Oriental matter .
In 1909 one of the first scout groups in Germany was founded in Bamberg .
After the First World War , on April 7, 1919, the recently elected Bavarian State Government ( Hoffmann Cabinet ) fled to Bamberg in the conflict over the Munich Soviet Republic and requested from there military support to suppress the Soviet Republic. After the Soviet republic had been violently ended by the Reichswehr and Freikorps , the Bamberg constitution was signed on August 14, 1919 as the first democratic constitution for Bavaria.
In Bamberg, too, power was handed over to the National Socialists in 1933, and Bamberg's citizens took part in the persecution of Jewish fellow citizens . Willy Aron was taken into “ protective custody ” on March 10, 1933 and then murdered in Dachau. On July 1, 1933, six weeks after May 10 in Berlin, books were burned on the main arena of the Volkspark . The entrepreneur of the Hofbräu Bamberg , Willy Lessing , was expropriated in 1936 and so badly mistreated during the November pogroms in 1938 that he died a short time later. Several air strikes, which resulted in a total of 378 deaths and destroyed 1,700 apartments, also affected Bamberg not insignificantly in the area of the historic old town. On February 22, 1945, among other things, Bamberg was attacked by American aircraft as a replacement target, killing 216 people and destroying the Church of the Redeemer except for the tower. Buildings that shape the cityscape, such as the Alte Maut and the Städtische Altane on the Green Market and the historical buildings on the Obstmarkt, were irretrievably lost.
After the end of the Second World War , Bamberg belonged to the American zone of occupation . A DP camp for so-called displaced persons was set up by the military administration . In Bamberg one has been held since the end of World War II until September 2014 Garrison of the US Army .
The changing water flow of the Regnitz has been a threat to the city for centuries. In July 1342, the Magdalen floods tore a bridge with it. Probably the greatest flood was on February 27, 1784, when the houses on the banks in the Mühlenviertel fell victim. The bridges were also badly damaged. In particular, the Seesbrücke, which was only completed in 1756, today's Chain Bridge, with its baroque furnishings, was destroyed by ice floes and tree trunks that were swept away.
In the urban area, high water marks can be found in Langen Strasse, at the wedding house, in the fishery, on the Weegmannufer next to the Luitpold bridge and at the fulling mill. The comparative values of the last major flood in 2004 are also recorded there. The Jahnwehr and the flood barrier at Bug have provided extensive flood protection since 1964.
Time of the witch hunt
The former bishopric of Bamberg was, together with the monasteries of Würzburg and Eichstätt, as well as in Kurmainz , the neighboring Protestant principality of Bayreuth , the small Swabian rule of Wiesensteig and Ellwangen, one of the main centers of early modern witch and wizard persecution in southern Germany.
"The tightness of magic: Item if someone inflicts harm or harm to people through magic, one should tighten from life to death, and one should do so tightly with less"
As a result of prolonged, sometimes violent power struggles between the citizens and the respective ruling prince-bishop of Bamberg, a famine caused by poor harvests in the Little Ice Age and the effects of war, and a strong personal belief in witches of the reigning Bamberg prince-bishop Johann Georg II. Fuchs von Dornheim , called the witch burner (1623–1623–) 1633), the persecution and execution of individuals and entire families on charges of witchcraft peaked in Bamberg in the 1620s and early 1630s. The auxiliary bishop Friedrich Förner was the most important preacher and the real agitator of the witch hunt. Johann Georg II. Fuchs von Dornheim built the so-called Drudenhaus , also known as Malefizhaus, which was once in the area of today's promenade, especially for the imprisonment of those accused of witchcraft .
In addition to numerous other Bamberg citizens ( e.g. Dorothea Flock and Christina Morhaubt , Georg Haan , Chancellor in the Bamberg Monastery ) and members of the cathedral chapter, the mayor of Bamberg, Johannes Junius, was appointed to the Drudenhaus in August 1628 under the pretext of witchcraft . Before his execution he wrote in his farewell letter to his daughter:
"I came into the prison innocent, innocently I was martyred, innocent I must die ..."
According to a list with the names of the victims, well over 300 people in Bamberg had been executed as witches or sorcerers by 1632. From surviving trial files it emerges that from 1595 to 1631 over 880 people were accused of witchcraft or sorcery and executed in three waves. It was not until the invasion of Swedish troops (1630–1635) in February 1632 that the activities of the bishop and his captors came to an end. Prince-Bishop Johann Georg II. Fuchs von Dornheim fled to Upper Austria and died there in 1633.
The marriage of the Bamberg witch persecution is well documented by the large-scale, albeit incomplete, trial files. The most important and by far the largest source inventory is in the Bamberg State Library . Smaller bundles are preserved in the Bamberg City Archives (as a deposit of the Bamberg Historical Society ), in the Bamberg State Archives and in the Witchcraft Collection of the Cornell University Library in Ithaca , New York ( USA ). From the group of people accused of witchcraft and the circumstances of the trial, it becomes clear that the Bamberg witch trials were primarily about power-political disputes. Prince-Bishop Johann Georg II. Fuchs von Dornheim used the pretext of witchcraft specifically to eliminate power-political opponents in the cathedral chapter and in the urban bourgeoisie of Bamberg.
In October 2012, themed weeks on the witch trials were organized in Bamberg to deal with this chapter of the city's history. In 2015, a memorial was erected on an open space between the Ludwig Canal and Geyerswörth Castle , created by the Essen artists Miriam Giessler and Hubert Sandmann . The Bamberg-Mitte Citizens' Association implemented the project together with the City of Bamberg. On April 29, 2015, the city council passed a resolution on the witch trials in the bishopric of Bamberg and decided on a text for the memorial plaque: "In the bishopric of Bamberg in the 17th century around 1000 women, men and children were innocently accused, tortured and executed." became the memorial of the city of Bamberg, the Archdiocese of Bamberg, the Upper Franconian Foundation , the Bamberg-Mitte Citizens' Association and many individual donors.
Jews played an important role in the history of the city.
University town 1647–1803 and from 1979
The university , founded in 1647, was abolished in the course of the secularization of the bishopric of Bamberg by the Bavarian occupiers in 1803, but continued to exist in a reduced form as a philosophy-theological university. Expanded with all university faculties, it began teaching in the winter semester of 1946/1947 in the hope of developing into the fourth Bavarian state university. The then rector Benedikt Kraft was the energetic initiator . He appointed well-known professors who had previously taught in Königsberg or Breslau , as well as judges from the Imperial Court in Leipzig . Many former soldiers who had returned from the war began their studies here, which were expanded from semester to semester. The expansion plans then came to nothing , Regensburg became the fourth Bavarian state university. In 1972 the Bamberg University was re-established as a comprehensive university and in 1979 it was promoted to university. The Otto Friedrich University of Bamberg , named after its founders, houses faculties of the humanities, culture, humanities, social and information sciences.
In 2009, due to austerity measures by the Bavarian State Government, the social work department was dissolved and integrated into the Coburg University of Applied Sciences . The founding Faculty of Catholic Theology was also shut down and transformed into the Institute for Catholic Theology within the Faculty of Humanities and Cultural Studies.
Military before 1803
In the time before secularization and the territorial reforms, the Franconian Empire , to which the diocese of Bamberg provided troops, was responsible for the defense of Bamberg. They were parts of the Hohenlohe and Ferntheil regiments as well as troops of the Franconian district artillery. Bamberg was relatively poorly fortified and was captured three times by Prussian associations during the Seven Years' War , among other things to force the Bamberg prince-bishop, who had a lot of influence at the imperial court, into neutrality.
Military from 1803
Bamberg's "house regiments" were the 5th Infantry Regiment (since 1855) and the 1st Uhlan Regiment , nicknamed Sekt- Uhlans (since 1872) of the Bavarian Army . At the beginning of the First World War , the Bamberg horsemen were involved in the battle near Lagarde . Both regiments were in Bamberg until 1918. After 1919 it was a garrison for the 17 rider regiment of the Reichswehr . The rearmament under the Nazi regime resulted in the construction of new barracks and the stationing of parts of the 4th Panzer Division of the Wehrmacht . After 1945 there was no longer a German military in Bamberg. Instead, the US Army took over the barracks until they withdrew in September 2014.
time of the nationalsocialism
The Bamberg synagogue , built between 1908 and 1910, was destroyed during the November pogroms in 1938 and the aryanization of the Jewish businesses was completed. From 1939 the Bamberg Jews were mostly used for forced labor in communal areas. From November 1941, the Jews living in Bamberg began to be deported . The Jewish cemetery was expropriated and the Taharahaus to the company Bosch rented, it used as a warehouse. Until May 1945 only 15 Jews remained who lived in so-called mixed marriages . A total of around 630 Jews born in Bamberg or who had lived there for a long time fell victim to the Holocaust through deportation and murder . On April 14, 1945 Bamberg was captured by US Army troops. There was little military resistance from the German side, but this resulted in American artillery fire. A total of 23 German soldiers and four civilians were killed.
Commemoration of National Socialism in Bamberg
In the city of Bamberg, so-called stumbling blocks in the sidewalks have been commemorating the victims of National Socialist rule between 1933 and 1945 in Germany since the end of 2004 . The Willy-Aron-Gesellschaft Bamberg e.V. is responsible for laying the Stolpersteine in Bamberg. V. responsible. This association, which was registered in 2003, was named after the Bamberg-born Willy Aron , who was the first victim of National Socialism to die in 1933. So far, 151 to 160 stumbling blocks have been laid in Bamberg and Hallstadt . In memory of Willy Aron, Hans Wölfel and Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg , a memorial was inaugurated in the Bamberg Harmony Garden in 2016. In memory of the Jewish Nazi victims Willy Aron, Willy Lessing and Siegmund Bauchwitz, a street each bears their name.
Day of the Franks
In 2007, the second day of the Franks was celebrated in Bamberg on the occasion of the 1000th anniversary of the Archdiocese of Bamberg ( 1000 years under the stars ) according to the motto Franconia with body and soul .
The redevelopment of the former US site from 2014
Plans for the resulting conversion area are discussed publicly. In January 2014, a license agreement was signed between the city of Bamberg and the Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks , which makes it possible to hand over five parts of the conversion area to the city in March 2015.
At the beginning of October 2014, the "NATO settlement" of the former US army site with 149 residential units was handed over for civil use. Development through the city is already taking place.
In September 2015, a second arrival and repatriation facility was opened on the site next to Manching in Bavaria, which is used to deport Balkan refugees with little prospect of staying.
On July 18, 2016, the Upper Franconian Reception Center (AEO) was expanded to include traditional asylum seekers, and in the final stage it will be expanded to 3400 places. As of December 1, 2016, there are currently 1077 places occupied by refugees / asylum seekers.
On September 1, 2016, the Federal Police built a school on the conversion site that will take up large parts of it in the near future. The originally planned district with 8000 inhabitants by the city of Bamberg became obsolete.
On February 14, 2017, the city of Bamberg acquired the former US Lagarde barracks in the east of the city, near the four-lane main thoroughfare Berliner Ring. Apartments, workplaces and an IT campus are to be built there.
On August 1, 2018, a so-called anchor center was set up in the Upper Franconian reception facility (AEO) . According to the will of the state government, the aim of this is to enable faster decisions in asylum procedures and accelerated deportations by concentrating the competent authorities and courts. The Bavarian Minister of the Interior, Herrmann, has assured the city administration that the current capacity of around 3400 seats will not be used and that the occupancy will be limited to 1500 people.
On January 1, 1970, the districts of Kramersfeld and Bruckertshof of the Hallstadt community were incorporated into the urban area. On July 1, 1972, the municipalities of Bug , Gaustadt , Wildensorg , the district of Bughof of the municipality of Strullendorf and the district of Hirschknock of the municipality of Gundelsheim followed as part of the regional reform .
In the Middle Ages and in the early modern times , the population of Bamberg grew only slowly and fell again and again due to the numerous wars, epidemics and famine. During the Thirty Years' War it fell to 7,000 in 1648. Before the war it was 12,000. With the onset of industrialization in the 19th century, population growth accelerated. In 1811 17,000 people lived in the city, in 1900 there were already 42,000.
By 1939 the population had increased to 59,000. Shortly after the Second World War , the large number of refugees and displaced persons from the eastern German areas brought the city an increase of 16,000 to 75,000 inhabitants in December 1945 within a few months. By June 1972 it fell again to 69,000. Incorporation on July 1, 1972 brought an increase of 7,207 to over 76,000 inhabitants. On June 30, 2006, the official population for Bamberg was 70,063 according to an update by the Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices). The population has grown annually since 2009 and reached a new all-time high on December 31, 2018 with 77,592 inhabitants.
The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. Until 1811 it is mostly estimates, then census results (¹) or official updates from the State Statistical Office. From 1871 the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the population at the place of the main residence. Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey procedures.
A¹ census result A² Bamberg beats Bayreuth A³ Refugees and university: Bamberg's population increases A⁴ Bamberg city administration
The local elections on March 15, 2020 in Bamberg led to the following result:
|City council election||March 15, 2020||March 16, 2014||March 2, 2008||March 3, 2002||March 10, 1996||March 18, 1990||March 18, 1984||March 5th 1978||June 11, 1972||March 13, 1966||March 27, 1960||March 18, 1956||March 30, 1952||May 30, 1948||May 26, 1946 1|
|Green Bamberg (GREEN) 2||12||8th||7th||6th||5||4th||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU)||10||12||15th||19th||19th||20th||25th||26th||22nd||21st||18th||15th||15th||15th||28|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||7 6||10||10||9||9||13||13||13||18th||17th||15th||14th||8th||7th||9|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Bamberg Citizens' Block (BBB)||2||4th||5||4th||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Bamberg Alliance (BA) 3||2||1||2||1||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Bamberg Left List (BaLi)||2||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Free voters (FW) 4||1||4th||3||3||6th||2||2||3||2||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Bamberg's independent citizens (BuB)||1||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP) 5||1||1||1||1||1||2||1||2||2||2||1||1||1||2||3|
|Party for Labor, Rule of Law, Animal Welfare, Promotion of Elites and grassroots initiative (Die PARTTEI)||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP)||1||-||-||-||1||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Bamberg's center (BM)||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|The Republicans (REP)||-||-||1||1||1||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Bavarian Party (BP)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||2||5||7th||12||-|
|Federation of Expellees and Disenfranchised (BHE)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||3||3||5||-||-|
|German Reich Party (DRP)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||1||-||-||-|
|The German block||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||-||-|
|List of refugees, deportees and war victims (ÜFAK)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||4th||-|
|Economic Development Association (WAV)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||-|
|Communist Party of Germany (KPD)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||1|
- 1 Originally only 30 seats were awarded, which were distributed as follows: CSU 21, SPD 7, FDP 1 and KPD 0. Due to a decree by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, the number of seats was increased to 41.
- 2 Green Alternative List (GAL) by 2020
- 3 to 2020 Bamberg Realists (BR)
- 4 to 2003 non-partisan citizens' community (ÜBG)
- 5 1972 and 1978 FDP / Free Voters-Bamberger List ; 1984 FDP / Free Citizens ; 1996 FDP and Free Citizens
- 6 The number here only includes the elected councilors. The city council also includes the mayor.
- The other distribution of seats is based on the official final result and does not take into account any changes in the parliamentary group's borders.
- 1917–1924: Adolf Wächter (first mayor since 1913)
- 1924–1934: Luitpold Weegmann (supported by BVP)
- 1934–1945: Lorenz Zahneisen (NSDAP)
- 1945–1958: Luitpold Weegmann (CSU)
- 1958–1982: Theodor Mathieu (CSU)
- 1982–1994: Paul Röhner (CSU)
- 1994–2006: Herbert Lauer (ÜBG, also candidate of the CSU in the May 2000 election)
- since May 1, 2006: Andreas Starke (SPD), 2006 candidate from SPD, FDP, Free Voters and Bamberg Realists, 2012 candidate from SPD and FDP
- 1946–1956: Anton Hergenröder (CSU)
- 1956–1981: Franz Josef Schleyer (CSU)
- 1981–1996: Rudolf Grafberger (CSU)
- 1996–2000: Gustav Matschl (CSU)
- 2001-2014: Werner Hipelius (CSU)
- 2014–2020: Christian Lange (CSU)
- since May 6, 2020: Jonas Glüsenkamp (Green Bamberg)
- 1948–1956 and 1960–1972: Georg Grosch (SPD)
- 1990–1996: Max Reichelt (SPD)
- since 2014: Wolfgang Metzner (SPD), honorary
coat of arms
|Blazon : “In red a standing knight in silver armor with a red cross on his chest and a silver long sword on his belt; in the right a lance with a silver flag, on it a red cross, the left leaning on a blue shield with a silver eagle. "|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms in the form of a seal was mentioned for the first time in 1279. It shows Saint George presenting the shield and flag .|
The city of Bamberg maintains partnerships with the following cities:
|Rodez ( France )|
|Bedford ( United Kingdom )|
|Esztergom ( Hungary )|
|Feldkirchen in Carinthia ( Austria )|
|Villach ( Austria )|
|Prague 1 ( Czech Republic )|
Also Kirchdorf an der Krems in Austria, Malborghetto , Montelabbate (both in Italy), Nagaoka ( Japan ), Posen in Poland, Qufu in China, Tarvisio in Italy and Wolfsberg in Austria are "friendly cities".
In 1958, the city of Bamberg took over the sponsorship of the Sudeten Germans from the area around the Czech city of Opava, who were expelled from their homeland due to the Beneš decrees . Also Baunach and Hall city in Bavaria Pate cities.
Culture and sights
Theater and cabaret
- Anonymous impronikers: The improvisation theater group was founded in 1992 by Bamberg cabaret artist Mäc Härder and has since performed regularly in and around Bamberg. It is particularly well-known for the annual "Impro Marathon" that has recently taken place as part of the Bamberg zaubert festival.
- Bamberg Marionette Theater : In 1962, Klaus Loose from Oldenburg set up a puppet theater for adults in Bamberg, which he handed over to the city of Bamberg in 2002.
- Bamberg is magical : It took place for the first time in 1999 and since then has been one of the largest free street and cabaret festivals in Germany
- Brentano Theater
- Chapeau Claque
The children's and youth theater "Chapeau Claque" has been active since 1990 and has participated successfully in the Bavarian Theater Days several times . In addition to the staging of plays for children on the in-house stage in Grafensteinstrasse and at striking outdoor venues (Altenburg, Michelsberg Monastery, Hain, etc.), the association primarily makes its presence felt through mobile educational offers such as school workshops or the “Spielmobil”
- egon (it goes without a name): The student theater group of the youth culture meeting Immer Hin has been active since 2002 and is Bamberg's oldest voluntary theater group. The group stages several plays a year and plays with free admission.
- Ensemble satirium
1803, today's municipal theater was created from the highly esteemed theater
- Cabaret The ER workers
Puppenbühne Herrnleben Bamberg with the Bamberger Kasperl In
1945 folk actor Hans Herrnleben and his wife Ottilie Herrnleben founded the Bamberg Puppenbühne Bamberger Kasperl.
- Theater am Michelsberg (formerly Galli- Theater)
- Theater der Schatten founded in 1984 by Norbert Götz. It has two permanent venues in Bamberg, the Katharinenkapelle in the old court and the New Palace in Luitpoldstrasse
- Theater im Gärtnerviertel (TiG)
The theater in the Gärtnerviertel, or TiG for short, is a free theater for the district, the city and the surrounding area, which is based on the artistic creativity and cultural commitment of the citizens of the Gärtnerviertel.
- WildWuchs Theater, founded in 2010 with a permanent venue in the Palais Schrottenberg and changing venues in the city.
- Summer opera : opera and orchestra workshop for young artists
- Ateliermuseum Bamberg
- Museum for Office and Communication History , Artur Kutz Collection
- Diocesan Museum Bamberg
- Historisches Museum (city history museum in the old court )
- New residence with state gallery
- Natural History Museum
- City gallery Villa Dessauer , art gallery, changing exhibitions
- Franconian Brewery Museum
- Gardener and Hacker Museum
- Ludwig Collection (Ceramic and Porcelain Museum)
- Bamberg Nativity Museum
- Police history collection Bavaria , Pödeldorferstrasse - now in Ingolstadt
- ETA Hoffmann Haus (second Bamberger apartment of ETA Hoffmann )
- Fire Brigade Museum
- Mission Museum
- World Heritage Visitor Center
Archives and Libraries
- Bamberg State Library , Domplatz 8
- Bamberg State Archives , Hainstrasse 37
- Bamberg City Library, Obere Königstraße 4a
- The Bamberg City Archive, Untere Sandstrasse 30 A, has documents on Bamberg's history and administration from the 13th century. Documents can be viewed in a small reading room.
- University library of the Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg
- Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
- Bamberg Blues & Jazz Festival
- Youth miners train St. Otto Bamberg e. V.
- Jazzclub Bamberg e. V.
- Concert and congress hall
- International artist house Villa Concordia
- Garden City Organ Summer
- Bamberg Klezmer Days
- Bamberg City Chapel
- Don Bosco musicians Bamberg
- Atelier Karlheinz Beer
- Art Association Bamberg e. V. (founded 1823)
- Art space NOW! e. V. (Kesselhaus exhibition location)
- Galerie Kunst im Gang (since 1994)
- International artist house Villa Concordia (1997)
- Modern art in public space: the sculpture path in the city center (including the reclining woman by Fernando Botero )
|Old town of Bamberg|
|UNESCO world heritage|
|Criteria :||(ii) (iv)|
|Reference No .:||624|
|UNESCO region :||Europe and North America|
|History of enrollment|
|Enrollment:||1993 (session 17)|
Like Rome, Bamberg was built on seven hills (Stephansberg, Kaulberg, Domberg, Michaelsberg, Jakobsberg, Altenburg, Abtsberg) and is therefore sometimes referred to as Franconian Rome .
Since Bamberg was largely spared from bombing during the Second World War, the old town still offers the almost unchanged image of the original threefold division into a spiritual mountain town (in the vicinity of the Imperial Cathedral ), a bourgeois island town (between the two arms of the Regnitz river ) and the gardening town. Towered over by the cathedral, the city is a listed ensemble between medieval and baroque architecture.
In 1993 the old town was included in the list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO . The reasoning states that Bamberg represents in a unique way the central European city developed on a basic structure of the early Middle Ages. The area included in the UNESCO World Heritage List comprises the three historic city centers of mountain, island and gardening cities with a total area of around 140 hectares.
Extensive activities in the field of monument preservation have resulted in a good state of restoration. In July 2005, the city of Bamberg set up its own World Heritage Documentation Center as a coordination and contact point for all matters relating to UNESCO World Heritage.
The cross over Bamberg
The location of some Bamberg churches forms an imaginary cross. The longitudinal bar consists of the churches of St. Jakob , Dom , St. Martin and St. Gangolf , the transverse bar consists of St. Stephan , Obere Pfarre , Dom and St. Michael . The latter four churches are also known as the so-called Vierkirchenblick. The center of this cross is a column inlaid in 1777, which was named Tattermannsäule . In its place, on the millennium anniversary of the Bamberg diocese in 2007, an “underground” memorial was created by an artist from Israel - with family roots in Bamberg.
The church of St. Jacob, which is a little outside the crossbar, is interpreted as the bowed head of Christ.
Another imaginary cross forms the floor plan of the cathedral; the lowered head of Christ is symbolized by a vertex outside the line in the west choir of the cathedral.
World heritage and its architectural monuments
The city of Bamberg, which was included in the list of world cultural and natural heritage of mankind in 1993, has over 1200 monuments in the core city .
Churches and monasteries
- St. Peter and St. Georg, Bamberg Cathedral , (rebuilt approx. 1190–1237), with Bamberg rider ; Burial place of the canonized imperial couple Heinrich II. And Kunigunde, by King Konrad III. and Pope Clement II , also Bishop Suitger of Bamberg. Burial church of the Bamberg bishops
- St. Jakob (1073–1109), the interior was modeled on the cathedral, later Gothic and Baroque changes were added
- Our Lady, Upper Parish , Gothic parish church with the painting of the Assumption of Mary by Jacopo Tintoretto
- St. Gangolf , church of a former monastery with the oldest structure of the Bamberg churches. Preserved cloister.
- St. Martin (1686–1691), formerly the Jesuit church dedicated to the Most Holy Name of Jesus, the work of the Dientzenhofer brothers
- St. Josef, in the Haingebiet (branch church of St. Martin)
- St. Theodor, Carmelite Monastery on Kaulberg , Carmelite cloister, cloister of the former Cistercian abbey. Grave of Brother Alois Ehrlich, who died in the name of holiness
- Institute church, Holy Trinity , with the monastery of the English Misses , with an attached boarding school and school.
- Holy Sepulcher Church with Dominican Convent . The burial place of the lay sister Columba Schonath, who died in the name of holiness
- St. Michael is the grave church of the eighth bishop of Bamberg Otto I .; because of his mission trips to Pomerania in 1124 and 1127 he was nicknamed the Apostle of Pomerania. According to his wishes, he was buried in this church. He was canonized in 1189. The church also houses the grave monuments that were removed during the purification of the cathedral. In the buildings of the former Benedictine monastery there is the Citizens Hospital for the elderly and the Franconian Brewery Museum
- St. Getreu , also St. Fides, founded by Bishop Otto in 1123. The nave was rebuilt in 1652 and an elongated choir was added there in 1733. The provost building was probably built at the same time. A sanatorium and nursing home was established there in 1804.
- Maria Hilf, in the district of Wunderburg
- St. Wolfgang, in the Gereuth / Wunderburg district (subsidiary church of Maria Hilf)
- St. Otto, inaugurated in 1913.
- St. Sebastiani Chapel, in the Gaustadt district, building from the 16th century
- Gönningerkapelle , actually Marienkapelle, which was built by the citizen Gönninger in the 18th century
- Laurenzi Chapel, Antoni-Siechhof chapel, destroyed by an air raid on February 22, 1945, new building from 1954.
- St. Kunigund , in the Gartenstadt district; Laying of the foundation stone and its blessing on All Saints Day, November 1st, 1952. The topping-out ceremony was celebrated on July 18th, 1953. Archbishop Josef Otto Kolb consecrated the church on 10/11. October 1953
- St. Heinrich , laying of the foundation stone in 1927, inauguration in 1929. Construction of a new belfry in 1956
- St. Anna , laying of the foundation stone 1978, inauguration 1979
- St. Urban, in the south-west / Babenbergerring district (branch church of Our Lady)
- St. Elisabeth, in the sandy area
- Holy Trinity, in the Bug district (branch church of Our Lady)
- St. Josef, in the Gaustadt district
- St. Joseph, in the Wildensorg district (branch church of St. Peter and St. Georg)
- Chapel at the ETA Hoffmann-Gymnasium
- Chapel of the education center for the hearing impaired and speech impaired
- Chapel at the Theresianum
Interfaith prayer rooms
- St. Stephan , originally consecrated as a Catholic church in 1020 by Pope Benedict VIII , since 1808 Bamberg's first Protestant church
- Erlöserkirche , consecrated in 1934, destroyed in an air raid on February 22, 1945, rebuilt in 1950.
- Church of the Resurrection
- Philip Church
- Matthew Church
Evangelical Free Churches
- Former Marienkapelle , built on the foundations of the first synagogue in Bamberg, later the Christ Church of the Evangelical Free Church Baptist Congregation
- Free Protestant Parish Bamberg in Hartmannstrasse
- Bamberg City Mission in Egelseestrasse
- Jesus parish Bamberg in the Hohmannstrasse
- Selimiye Mosque of the DITIB in Coburger Strasse
- Merkezefendi Camii of the VIKZ in Jäckstrasse
- German-Arab mosque on Pödeldorfer Strasse
- First synagogue, confiscated approx. 1470–1478 by the then Prince-Bishop, reconstruction on the foundation walls of the synagogue in Marienkapelle , 1951–2008 Christ Church of the Baptist Congregation
- Second synagogue, Hellerstraße , a mikveh (Jewish ritual bath) was discovered in the course of the living on the city wall project
- Third and fourth synagogues, Zinkenwörth 1 , inaugurated around 1660. Reconstruction / new building on the same site in 1853. After the community moved to the fifth synagogue, profaned and sold. Synagogue (dilapidated) was demolished in 1984 in favor of the Theatergassen housing project. Reminder by plaque at the level of the former entrance to the synagogue. The sandstone archway and door are now in the seventh synagogue.
- Fifth Synagogue, Herzog-Max-Straße , there is a memorial stone to commemorate its former appearance
- Sixth Synagogue, Willy-Lessing-Straße 7, prayer hall and community center from 1951 (renovation 1963) to 2005; no memory available, today there is an office of the people's welfare, district directorate Bamberg
- The seventh or the new synagogue was inaugurated on June 1, 2005 by the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde . It is located at Willy-Lessing-Straße 7 a.
Secularized and profane ecclesiastical institutions
- The Johanneskapelle on the upper Stephansberg, profaned, is considered the baptistery of the Bamberg area. Today it is owned by the Pro Capella association and is to be used for art exhibitions, among other things.
- Katharinen Chapel in the old court
- Dominican monastery with Dominican church St. Christoph. For many decades after 1945, the church was the home of the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra . It is now the university auditorium . After the secularization, the monastery buildings served as barracks and later as apartments. Today there is the seat of the state building authority .
- Franciscan monastery Bamberg , also called Barfüßer monastery or Schrannenkloster, with the church of St. Anna , which was demolished. After the reconstruction of the Schranne 3 office building that emerged from the monastery, the Bamberg land surveying office has been located there (since 1993) .
- Altenburg (first mentioned in 1109), former residence of the Bamberg prince-bishops
- Old court (1571–1576), former imperial palace and episcopal administration
- Geyerswörth Castle , former episcopal residence from 1586
- New residence (1695–1704), main work by Leonhard Dientzenhofer with rose garden
- Chapter House - Bamberg - Dom , Domplatz 5
- Archbishop's Palace , Obere Karolinenstrasse 3
- Old Town Hall , Bridge Town Hall Obere Brücke 1, a landmark of the city, today the house houses the Ludwig porcelain collection
- New town hall on Maxplatz, former seminary
- Town hall at the ZOB, Promenadestrasse 2a, former district office, former district army replacement office
City quarters of foreign monasteries
- Obere Karolinenstrasse 8, Langheimer Hof. City quarter of the Cistercian monasteries Ebrach (1127), Langheim and Heilsbronn (1132); from 1274, Langheim Abbey was the sole owner.
- Unterer Kaulberg 4, Neuer Ebracher Hof , actually the first independent seat of the Ebrach monastery since 1200 - was built in 1764/65 by the Bamberg city mason master Martin Mayer and is the first house of the Ebrach monastery in Bamberg.
- Vorderer Bach 5, Alter Ebracher Hof . The previous Haus zum Esel was acquired by the Ebrach monastery in 1560 and rebuilt in 1679 as the Ebracher Hof by the builder Andreas Kestler from Zeil - as the second house of the Ebrach monastery in Bamberg. A first Ebracher Hof on Kaulberg was mentioned as early as 1200.
The canons courts
- Cathedral Square 1 (Curia Sti. Hippolyti)
- Cathedral Square 2 (Curia Stm. Sebastiani et Fabiani)
- Cathedral Square 3 (Curia St. Laurentii)
- Cathedral Square 4
- Domstrasse 2 (Curia Sti. Basii)
- Domstrasse 3 (Curia Stm. Mariae et Chunegundis)
- Domstrasse 5, (Curia St. Lamperti)
- Domstrasse 7, (Curia Stae.Elisabethae)
- Domstrasse 9, (Curia Stm. Johannis et Pauli)
- Domstrasse 11
- Obere Karolinenstrasse 1 (Curia Schönborniana)
- Obere Karolinenstrasse 2
- Obere Karolinenstraße 4 (Curia Stm. Philipp et Jacobi)
- Obere Karolinenstrasse 5 (Curia Sti. Pauli), now the Archbishop's Palace
- Obere Karolinenstraße 6 (Curia Sti. Sebastiani)
Courts of the canons in the immunities
The immunities were spiritual free or special districts of the monasteries with walls and their own lower jurisdiction, in which almost half of the Bamberg population lived from the 12th century.
- Immunity St. Gangolf:
- Gangolfsplatz 2, (Chorherrenhof “Zum Zuckmantel”); Gangolfsplatz 3 a, (Chorherrenhof “Zur Steinene Kemmeten”); Gangolfsplatz 4, (Chorherrenhof "Schindelhof")
- Obere Koenigstrasse 42, (Chorherrenhof “Scheckethof”); Obere Königstraße 46, (canon courtyard “Kleines Höflein”); Obere Königstrasse 50, (Canons' Courtyard “Zur Weinrebe”); Obere Königstraße 53, (canon courtyard "Schwanenhof")
- Theuerstadt 5, (Chorherrenhof “Salerei”).
- Immunity St. Stephan:
- Eisgrube 8 (Kraftoni Curia), Eisgrube 10, Eisgrube 12, Eisgrube 14 (Curia Braunwardi Coquinarii); Eisgrube 16 (Aufsees Curia); Eisgrube 18 (Ottnandi Curia); Ice pit 20 (Leupoldi Curia)
- Upper Stephansberg 1 (Curia apud salices); Upper Stephansberg 2 (Curia Libhardi); Upper Stephansberg 3 (Hugonis Curia); Upper Stephansberg 4 (Popponis Curia); Oberer Stephansberg 5 (Curia Guntheri), Oberer Stephansberg 7 (Curia iuxta capellam)
- Stephansplatz 1 (Curia Habitatio Stae. Chunegundis); Stephansplatz 3 (Curia Volkmari)
Palaces and profane buildings
- Concordiastraße 28, Concordia moated castle (Böttingerhaus 2), second Böttingerhaus. State Research Institute for Geochemistry since 1956, at this institute Walter Noddack and his wife Ida Noddack-Tacke , chemist and co-discoverer of the element rhenium, worked for a time. The international artist house Villa Concordia was founded in 1997.
- Fishing, the waterside view of this property is Little Venice , romantically situated fishermen and boatmen houses on the Regnitz
- Geyerswörthstraße 3, bathing establishment
- Geyerswörthstraße 5, Stadtbad
- Hauptwachestrasse, Hauptwache (Bamberg)
- Wedding house
- Judenstrasse 12, Stauffenberger-Hof
- Judenstrasse 14, Böttingerhaus , also Prellshaus, baroque town house
- Judenstrasse 16, Haus zum Einhorn, built in 1746 by the Rittergesellschaft zum Einhorn
- Karolinenstrasse 11, Bibra House
- Karolinenstrasse 18, Marschalk von Ostheimsches Haus
- Karolinenstrasse 20, farm pharmacy
- Karolinenstrasse 24, Aufseß-Palais
- Kasernstrasse 1, Schrottenberg-Palais
- Lange Straße 3, Aufseß-Palais, also house to the hall
- Michelsberg 2, Hebendanz'sches Haus
- Obere Sandstrasse 6, Schrottenberg-Palais
- Obere Sandstraße 36, Elisabethenspital , today Bamberg correctional facility, popularly known as "Café Sandbad"
- Schillerplatz 5, harmony and theater building
- Schützenstrasse 1 (Bamberg) , 19th century palace
- Siechenstrasse, fb. Jagdzeugstadel, called Siechenscheune , now a fire brigade museum
- Untere Sandstrasse 19, Schrottenberg-Palais
- Unterer Kaulberg 30, orphanage
- Sebastian Hospital
- On the municipal cemetery in Hallstadter Straße, which was expanded from 1817 to 1822, is the grave with the memorial to the resistance fighter of the Catholic Action Hans Wölfel , who was murdered in Görden in 1944 . Near the cemetery of honor for killed Wehrmacht soldiers is a grave for 52 foreign forced laborers who were deported to Germany during World War II and who perished in forced labor. A memorial stone only describes them as war dead, not as victims of Nazi tyranny .
- Portico from 1822 in the first section of the main cemetery. In the portico there are u. a. the graves of the families of Michel-Raulino and Messerschmitt .
- The burial place of the Boveri family is located in the second section of the main cemetery .
- In addition to the main cemetery and the 1851 opened is the cemetery of the Jewish community Bamberg with a 1885 to 1890 built Taharahaus . A memorial stone on the site commemorates the Jewish victims of persecution during the Nazi era and their destruction in the Shoah . “Renewed barbaric desecration of the Jewish cemetery in Bamberg” - this is the title of a picture in June 1965. The reader also learns: “It was in Bamberg at the beginning of June 1965 before a memorial stone was unveiled in Bamberg for the synagogue that was burned down by the Nazis in 1938 to cause anti-Semitic rioting that suggest an organized approach. "
- There are further cemeteries in the districts of Bug, Gaustadt and Wildensorg.
- Fountain opposite the hospital, Untere Sandstrasse
- Concordiabrunnen, Rococo fountain from 1777, Concordiastraße
- Düthornsbrunnen, also Adlerbrunnen, Obere Brücke
- Franziskus-Brunnen , Obere Sandstrasse
- Gabelmann , baroque Neptune Fountain from 1698, Grüner Markt
- Carmelite Fountain, at the end of the Lower Kaulberg
- Leschenbrunnen, Lugbank
- Marienbrunnen at the Maienbrunnen
- Maximiliansbrunnen from 1880 on Maximiliansplatz
- Otto Fountain, Am Ottobrunnen, below St. Getreu
- Merkur-Brunnen, baroque fountain from 1698, Michelsberg in the cloister courtyard
- The Way of the Cross between St. Elisabethenkapelle and the Church of St. Getreu, the oldest completely preserved Way of the Cross in Germany
- Crucifixion Groups: Upper Bridge ; Würzburger Strasse ; at the Altenburg
- Empress Kunigunda on the Lower Bridge
- St. Nepomuk in the grove; on the Upper Bridge; at the junction Unterer Kaulberg / Pfarrgasse; at the choir of the upper parish
- St. Christopher in the grove
- Saint Otto, Bishop of Bamberg: Heinrichsdamm 32; Jackstrasse; Ottoplatz; Ottostrasse; Siechenstrasse
- St. Sebastian: Memorial from 1765 for the plague he survived in Moscow, created by Johann Bonaventura Mutschelle as thanks; in Bamberg-Theuerstadt
Torture , land monuments
- Bäckermarter, Egelseestrasse
- Rotenhan-Marter, Schweinfurter Strasse
- Luthermarter, Würzburger Strasse
- Metzgermarter, on the Upper Leinritt
Monuments, memorial plaques and sculpture path
- Prince-Bishop Franz Ludwig von Erthal , Pödeldorfer Strasse
- Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria on Schönleinsplatz
- King Ludwig II of Bavaria in the grove, by sculptor Philipp Kittler
- Anton Hergenröder , District Assembly President, 2nd Mayor of the City of Bamberg, long-time director of the Altenburg Association
- ETA Hoffmann and the talking dog Berganza in the grove on the Schillerwiese
- ETA Hoffmann and his cat Murr in front of the house at Schillerplatz 26
- Johann Lukas Schönlein , Schönleinsplatz
- Staufer stele in front of the former Langheimer Hof in Oberen Karolinenstraße 8.
- Memorial plaques
- King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia and Crown Prince Friedrich, Memmelsdorfer Straße 2c
- King Otto I and wife Amalie of Greece in the rose garden of the New Residence
- Christoph Clavius , At the University 3
- Albrecht Dürer , Austraße 5
- Hans Ehard , Wildensorger Strasse 2
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Untere Königstrasse 28
- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel , Pile Cookies 1
- Joseph Heller , Lower Bridge 2
- ETA Hoffmann, Altenburg 1, Schillerplatz 7, Lange Straße 13
- Adalbert Friedrich Marcus , Lange Strasse 27
- Joseph Daniel Ohlmüller , Kapuzinerstraße 6
- Georg Simon Ohm , At the University 7
- Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg , Obere Brücke 1 and Domplatz 6
- Johann Lukas Schönlein , Obere Königstrasse 7
- Friedrich Julius Heinrich von Soden , Schillerplatz 7
- Marianne Strauss , Sankt-Getreu-Strasse 1
- Karl Freiherr von Thüngen , Domplatz 6
- Hugo von Trimberg , Theuerstadt 4
- Albrecht von Wallenstein , Lange Strasse 3
- Nazi tyranny , bronze plaque by the artist Bernd Wagenhäuser from 1986 on the Lower Bridge
- Sculpture path, was laid out by the international artist house "Concordia", expanded to celebrate the foundation of the diocese in 1007/2007 and by associations of the city of Bamberg.
- The Drudenhaus , built in today's Franz-Ludwig-Strasse for the purpose of witch hunts and the embarrassing questioning in 1627, lost its function after the invasion of the Swedish troops and was demolished after 1635, the stones were reused in 1654 for the construction of the Capuchin monastery.
- The St. Nicholas Chapel, which was located on the southeast corner of Maxplatz and formerly adjoined the cemetery wall, was demolished in 1737 as part of the construction of the Katharinenspital and the seminary (today: New Town Hall).
- The St. Katharinen Chapel at the Upper Parish , which protrudes far into the current course of the road on the Lower Kaulberg , was demolished in 1762 to widen the Kaulberg. Only the altarpiece Martyrdom of St. Catherine, which hangs today in the ambulatory of the Upper Parish, has survived from the interior.
- The Seesbrücke with its rich baroque furnishings was destroyed by the flood of February 2, 1784.
- The St. Anna Church , the Franciscan monastery church on the Schranne (1810/11). The church, built in the 13th century, received a new choir in the 14th century. The church was the burial place of important Bamberg citizens. From the inventory, the cross altar and the grave slab of the auxiliary bishop Inzelerius have been preserved, which became the property of the Bavarian National Museum in Munich (Reider collection). Six pictures of the life of Mary and the grave epitaph of the Schnappauf siblings were transferred to the upper parish. The Way of the Cross is located in the parish church in Hallerndorf .
- The city fortifications with walls and city and gate towers from around 1803.
- Alt St. Martin on Maxplatz (1805), this church was first mentioned in 1250 and demolished in 1806 in the course of secularization. When an underground car park was built in 1968, two previous buildings were discovered: a smaller Romanesque church and a chapel with a rectangular choir. This type was common between the 9th and 12th centuries. Of the furnishings, the miraculous image of this church, a Pietà , has been taken over into the new Martinskirche.
- The secularized St. Gertrauden Chapel, in which the workshop of the sculptor Bernhard Kamm was located, was demolished in 1863 for the construction of Luitpoldstrasse .
- The Capuchin monastery in Kapuzinerstraße, which was moved into in 1626, was set up as a monastery for the monks to die out after secularization. In 1880 the existing structure was demolished in favor of today's Clavius grammar school .
- Barracks of the Bamberg Monastery: The barracks on the west side of Schönleinsplatz between Lange Straße and Zinkenwörth, built in 1698, were demolished in 1896 in favor of the Bamberger Hof Hotel, the Bavarian State Bank and a residential building. The only remnant is the Mars fountain, which stood in the courtyard of the barracks.
- The Poor Clare Monastery was used as a barracks after secularization and then fell into disrepair. The monastery church was demolished in 1938. The former monastery buildings still in existence were demolished in the mid-1950s. The administrative building of the land consolidation office Bamberg (today the Directorate for Rural Development) was erected at this point .
- Fifth Synagogue , Herzog-Max-Strasse (1938)
- Alte Maut: Grüner Markt, an old administrative building with a high Renaissance gable, fell victim to an air raid on February 22, 1945, as did the surrounding houses.
- Rothof: This baroque estate, located on a foothill of the Michaelsberg Forest opposite the Altenburg, a Bamberg landmark, was built around 1720 by a member of the Böttinger family and demolished in 1964.
- Pfahlplätze 5, the house to the Marienbild named after a depiction of Mary, verifiable since the 17th century, was probably the oldest residential building in Bamberg from the 14th century. It was demolished with the neighboring property Unterer Kaulberg 1 at the beginning of 1968. The demolition of this property was the reason for the establishment of the Alt-Bamberg Protection Association, an association for the preservation of the old town.
- Unterer Kaulberg 1: House of the painter Paul Lautensack , demolished in 1968
- Third and fourth synagogue , Generalsgasse 15 (1983)
- Städtische Altane, a well-known commercial building from 1726, almost completely destroyed in an air raid on February 22, 1945. The remains were later removed.
Catacombs, rock cellars and sand tunnels
In the Bamberg mountain area there is a rather extensive system of catacombs and rock cellars , some of which date back to the Middle Ages. During the plague and cholera epidemics in the 13th and 14th centuries, some tunnels were also used as graves. A rock chapel, the Holy Hole, was built under the Lerchenbühl around 1500 . Usually, however, laid out as a cool but frost-protected storage cellar for food and drinks, especially wine and beer, under the Kaulberg as a sand mining tunnel for the extraction of scouring sand, they served various purposes over the course of time (refuge rooms during armed conflicts, meeting places, prison, Drinking water supply, relocation of industrial production facilities during the Second World War). Today, some of the tunnels serve as storage rooms, civil defense rooms and as a tourist attraction of the city. Driving into the tunnels under the Stephansberg is therefore possible and is organized by the city of Bamberg.
Parks and recreation facilities
- Main Bog Forest
- Michaelsberg Forest
- Stadtpark Hain with the city of Bamberg's botanical garden
- Rose garden of the New Residence
- ERBA-Park, host of the State Garden Show 2012
- Rosengarten Geyerswörth on the Geyerswörth underground car park
- Volkspark at the stadium
- Groß'scher Garten, formerly owned by Johann Ignatz Tobias Böttinger, not accessible
- Terrace garden of the Michelsberg monastery
The basketball club Brose Bamberg became German basketball champions in 2005 (as GHP Bamberg), 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016 (as Brose Baskets) and 2017, in 1993 (as TTL Bamberg), 2003 (as TSK uniVersa Bamberg) and 2004 (as GHP Bamberg) runner-up and 1992 (as TTL Bamberg) as well as 2010, 2011, 2012 (as Brose Baskets), 2017 and 2019 German cup winners. Due to the fanatical supporters of the club and the broad enthusiasm within the relatively small city, Bamberg is known among German basketball fans as the "Freak City".
The most successful football club (historically) is FC Eintracht Bamberg , whose predecessor club 1. FC Eintracht Bamberg was created in 2006 from the merger of 1. FC 01 Bamberg and TSV Eintracht Bamberg. After two years in the Bayern League , the club rose to the Regionalliga Süd in 2008 . In 2010 FC Eintracht Bamberg took the place of the insolvent 1. FC Eintracht Bamberg, but in 2016 they also had to file for bankruptcy. In 2019-21 you play in the Bayernliga Nord. The most successful period of the previous club 1. FC 01 Bamberg, however, was in the 1950s. Between 1990 and 1993, the second oldest football club SC 08 Bamberg also achieved some notable successes (Bayernliga and the round of 16 in the DFB Cup 1991/92 ). In addition, the DJK Don Bosco Bamberg represents Bamberg 's football sport in the Bayernliga Nord.
The first men's team of SKC 1947 Victoria Bamberg is nine times German bowling champion , six times cup winner of the DKBC, three times Champions League winner, five times European cup winner and four times world cup winner. The first women's team of SKC Victoria is nine times German champions, five times cup winners of the DKBC, once European cup winners, five times Champions League winners and four times world cup winners.
The underwater rugby team of TC Bamberg (diving club) was German vice-champion in 2004, was German champion twelve times in a row from 2007 to 2018 and also vice- champions-cup winner in underwater rugby in 2008, 2011, 2013 and 2016 .
The bridge club "Bamberger Reiter" won the team Bundesliga in 2019 after 1994, 1998, 2003, 2006–2010 and 2013–2016 and, after Bamberg3's promotion to the 3rd Bundesliga, will be represented with two national teams for the first time from 2020. Further successes: German team champion 2005, 2006 and 2008, winner of the European Champions Cup of national champions 2006 (victory on October 15, 2006 in Rome; 2007: 3rd place; 2008: 4th place and 2009 2nd place). In 2008 Bamberg presented the German senior champions with Wilhelm Gromöller. With 3rd place at the European Championships in 2008, where Bamberg provided the German national team, the team was the first German men's team to qualify for the 2009 World Championships and took 3rd place in the Transnations Cup.
Sabine Auken (née Zenkel) is 3 times world champion, 2 times vice world champion and has been among the best women players in the world for many years.
In 2017, Sabine Auken, a native of Bamberg, played again for the world championship. The Bamberg Club is the most successful German bridge club in recent years.
Since the 2009/2010 season, VC Franken has been at home in Bamberg with a men's volleyball team. The home games of the club, which plays in the men's German volleyball league and also takes part in the DVV Cup , take place in the Stechert Arena .
The Aero-Club Bamberg flies at the Bamberg-Breitenau airfield and has been in the German gliding league since 2012 . In 2019, the club's glider pilot Maximilian Dorsch and the German team won the team ranking of the Junior Gliding World Championship in Szeged , Hungary .
- January: Bamberg Short Film Festival
- February: Bamberg Literature Festival
- March: Bamberg Klezmer Days in the Haas Halls
- May: World Heritage Run (every two years since 2003)
- May – June: Bamberg Whitsun Cup (one of Germany's largest basketball tournaments)
- May – June: Contact - Das Kulturfestival (four-day, free art and culture festival AStA Bamberg e.V.)
- June: Bamberg Wine Festival at Maxplatz
- June: Hegel Week
- June: Days of Early Music (every 2 years. Organizer Musica Canterey Bamberg e.V.)
- June: Days of New Music Bamberg (every 2 years. Organizer Neue Musik in Bamberg eV)
- June: Bamberg Beer Days (reintroduced in 2008 after a 20-year break)
- June – July: Bamberg Summer Nights (symphonic music in the Kaiserdom and in the concert and congress hall)
- End of June / July: Calderón Festival (open-air performances by the ETA Hoffmann Theater), old court
- July: Old town festival of the Otto Friedrich University on the first Friday in July
- July: Bamberg conjures up. on the 3rd weekend in July, cabaret festival in the old town, on Saturday the improv marathon
- July / August: Bamberg Antiques Week
- July – September: rose garden serenades
- August: Sandkirchweih ( Franconian: Sandkerwa )
- August: Blues & Jazz Festival
- October 3: Antique market
- 1st Advent – 6. January: Bamberg Nativity Path and Christmas Market at Maxplatz
- Every even year: Presentation of the E. T. A. Hoffmann Prize (Literature Prize)
- Every two to three years: Awarding of the Volker Hinniger Prize (art prize)
Bamberg's specialties are the Bamberg Hörnla , which is used to describe both a croissant- like pastry and a variety of potatoes . Another specialty is the Zwätschgabaamäs , (translated as “plum tree ”), an air-dried beef ham that owes its name to the smoking process with plum wood. The city of Bamberg is also known for the Franconian Schäuferla as well as for its beer tradition and smoked beer .
Licorice has been grown in Bamberg since the early sixteenth century . Today Bamberg is the only place in Northern Europe where this plant is still cultivated. This tradition is maintained by the Bamberg Licorice Society, which supports the Bamberg gardeners with cultivation.
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2016 Bamberg achieved a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 4.462 billion within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 59,859 (Bavaria: € 44,215 / Germany € 38,180) and thus well above the regional and national average. In 2017 there were around 75,200 gainfully employed people in the city. The unemployment rate in December 2018 was 3.7% and thus above the Bavarian average of 2.7%, but below the national average. In the neighboring district of Bamberg, the unemployment rate was 2.0%.
In the Future Atlas 2016, the city of Bamberg was ranked 32nd out of 402 districts, municipal associations and cities in Germany, making it one of the places with "very high future opportunities".
In 2014 there were around 50,253 (as of June 30, 2014) employees in Bamberg who were subject to social security contributions. The most important industrial sector is the automotive supply industry, followed by electrical engineering and the food industry. At the end of May 2014, the automotive supplier Brose Fahrzeugteile started construction of an office building with a social wing in Bamberg and aims to create a total of 600 jobs by March 2016. The traditional industry of vegetable gardeners, which has shaped the city for centuries from its beginnings, is still there. In addition, tourism plays an important role in the city's economy. In addition, there are numerous small and medium-sized companies in other industries in Bamberg . Another special feature is the tradition of organ building , which has been cultivated for centuries and is currently being continued by the master craftsman Thomas Eichfelder .
The most important commercial employers in the city, each with more than 400 employees, are:
- Bosch : The Bosch factory came to Bamberg in 1939 and had 7,500 employees in 2014.
- Bamberg Social Foundation
- Wieland Electric
- Sparkasse Bamberg
- T-Systems International
- Franconian day
- Fuchs bakery
- BI-LOG (logistics service provider)
- Gramss baking factory
- Brose vehicle parts
The city's water supply was previously secured by wells. Most of these were wells on private property, of which there were around 300. Furthermore, public wells, built and maintained by the public sector, supplied the city with water. In addition, there was already a kind of long-distance water supply with pipes from wells in the area , which was mainly used by church and monastic institutions.
The expansion of an urban pipe network began in the last quarter of the 19th century. Bamberg has been connected to the Upper Franconian long-distance water supply (FWO) - in addition to its own water well - since the 1970s. Since the spring of 1975 this has been feeding water from the Ködeltalsperre into the municipal water supply network.
Since 2003, long-distance water supply has been provided exclusively by the water supply association for the Franconian economic area (WFW). The water is delivered from the transfer container in Hüttendorf (City of Erlangen) to the city network of Bamberg.
The city is part of the Franconia region on the border between wine and beer Franconia . The smoked beer is a specialty . Formerly of 68 historic breweries there are eight breweries with a long tradition in Bamberg: Brewery Mahr , Brewery Fässla , brewery Schlenkerla , Brauerei Spezial , Klosterbrau Bamberg , Brewery Greifenklau , brewery Keesmann and the Kaiserdom brewery in the formerly independent district Gaustadt . An inn brewery, the Ambräusianum , the roasted malt beer brewery and the experimental brewery of the Weyermann malt house opened in 2004. The Maisel brewery existed until 2008 . Since 2016 there has been another pub brewery in Gaustadt, the “Crown Prince”. In 2019 the restaurant "Zum Sternla" also started its own brewery. There is also the small, customs-approved brewery Robesbierre, which does not sell beer.
Bamberg is integrated into the transport network with an inland port on the Main-Danube Canal ( Regnitz ), two motorways (A 70 / E48 and A 73) and a train station . The city also has a special airfield for airplanes (ICAO identifier: EDQA). On January 1, 2010, the city joined the transport association for the greater Nuremberg area .
Local public transport (ÖPNV)
- S-Bahn traffic
The Bamberg station is north end point of the train-line S1 of the Transport Network greater Nuremberg (VGN) . This means that Bamberg is directly connected to Erlangen , Fürth and Nuremberg by local transport . The trains run every hour to Hartmannshof, 100 km south-east . The regional express train, which runs in a staggered manner, runs two trains per hour during the day, and sometimes three trains per hour during commuter times, from Bamberg to Nuremberg and back.
- Bus transport
28 city bus routes and 4 in night traffic cover almost the entire city area and serve local transport to the neighboring municipalities of Bischberg, Gundelsheim, Hallstadt, Memmelsdorf, Pettstadt, Stegaurach and the Schammelsdorf district of the Litzendorf municipality. In addition, some regional bus routes operated by Omnibusverkehr Franken GmbH and other private bus companies operate in Bamberg . At the central bus station (ZOB) there are also stops for regional buses to enable easier transfers. The ZOB is the center of the city network.
There are currently 60 city buses in the fleet of the Bamberg public transport company, and they transport an average of 10.2 million passengers a year. Since the 2004/2005 winter semester, all students at the University of Bamberg have received a semester ticket . It is valid on all buses and local trains of the DB Regio and the Agilis in the city and in the district of Bamberg.
Twelve heavily frequented bus stops were provided with so-called dynamic passenger information systems. At the 2015 timetable change, they will also show the real arrival of the buses in real time.
Since March 23, 2011, the stops have been announced by children's voices.
From 1897 to 1922, the electric tram Bamberg AG carried out the city traffic.
Regional and long-distance rail transport
In long-distance traffic , Bamberg is on the Nuremberg – Erfurt high-speed line and is served by ICE trains every hour. Until it was completed, the ICE route Leipzig - Nuremberg ran via Saalfeld and Jena , and since December 10, 2017, the connection has been via Erfurt . Bamberg is the end of the Nuremberg – Bamberg railway line, and the Bamberg – Hof railway line and the Bamberg – Rottendorf railway line begin in Bamberg .
The Bamberg station is the starting point of RegionalExpress and regional rail lines to
- Erlangen - Nuremberg
- Lichtenfels - Hof / Bayreuth - Nuremberg
- Lichtenfels - Coburg - Sonneberg
- Lichtenfels - Kronach - Saalfeld (Saale) - Jena - Leipzig
- Schweinfurt - Würzburg - Frankfurt am Main
Breitengüßbach - Ebern , VGN area
This route is used by DB Regio and Agilis to Breitengüßbach . From Breitengüßbach to Ebern , she only serves Agilis every hour.
- The railway line to Scheßlitz was shut down in 1988 after passenger traffic had ceased in 1985.
Long-distance bus transport
|in Hallstadt - Bamberg - Scheßlitz - Kasendorf - in Kulmbach|
|in Markt Erlbach - Emskirchen - Herzogenaurach - Erlangen - Forchheim - Hirschaid - Bamberg --/|
|- Knetzgau - Trossenfurt - Stegaurach - Bamberg - in Geisfeld|
|- Stadtlauringen - Hofheim in Lower Franconia - Königsberg in Bavaria - Lauter - Stettfeld - Hallstadt - Bamberg - in Hollfeld|
The four-lane main road Berliner Ring (St 2244), which runs through the city to the east, is the extension to the B 22.
Bamberg is connected to the following federal highways:
|Würzburg - Bamberg - Bayreuth - Cham|
|Riedstadt - Bamberg|
|Bamberg-South - Höchstadt|
Bamberg is on the following federal motorways:
|Autobahn junction Schweinfurt / Werneck ( ) - Bamberg - Autobahn triangle Bayreuth / Kulmbach ( )|
|Motorway triangle Suhl - ( ) - Motorway junction Bamberg - Motorway triangle Nürnberg / Feucht|
In the center of Bamberg , due to the relatively flat topography between the Main-Danube Canal and Regnitz, there is traditionally a lot of cycling. The relatively compact inner city area, short distances between the university locations, one-way streets, the shortage of parking spaces and the quicker accessibility of the local recreation area in the grove favor the use of bicycles as an everyday means of transport.
Due to its immediate location on the Main Cycle Path and the so-called “Regnitz Cycle Path ”, Bamberg is also the destination of many tourist cycle routes. The city has set itself the goal of changing the modal split in favor of cycling.
The regionally signposted cycle path network has considerable gaps, especially in the old town area. The ADFC Bamberg sees a need for improvement in urban transport policy.
On the way to greater urban bike friendliness, the city was awarded the contract for the federal model test Zero-Emission-Mobility of the Federal Ministry of Transport in 2009 . In the summer of 2009 it was implemented in multimedia with the advertising campaign Kopf an: Motor aus. For zero CO 2 on short journeys.
Electric scooters have also been represented in the city since 2019. These can be rented from various locations across the city.
The Franconian Marienweg runs through Bamberg . In the city center, the western Magnificat route and the eastern Ave Maria route of the circular route meet, each of which begins and ends in Bamberg.
The Bamberg-Breitenau airfield is one of the oldest still operating airfields in Germany. The first powered aircraft landed there as early as 1912. The year 1909 is seen as the actual beginning of aviation in Bamberg. At this point in time, Willy Messerschmitt started developing aircrafts together with the city architect Friedrich Harth. From 1945 to 2012 the airfield served as an American military airfield with civil joint use. In 2013 it was reopened as a German special airfield after extensive renovations . It is operated by Stadtwerke Bamberg in cooperation with the Aero Club Bamberg eV.
A total of 13 magazines and newspapers of various formats and genres appear in Bamberg or have a circulation area in Bamberg: weekly newspapers, daily newspapers, church magazines, cultural magazines and student newspapers, which are published either by private publishers or by the city and district of Bamberg.
The Franconian Day is one of the largest daily newspapers in Upper Franconia and is based in Bamberg. The focus is on local reporting, including a regional and national sports section and a feature section . News from Germany, Europe and the world are delivered by the news agency dpa and by correspondents at home and abroad. The Franconian Day goes back to the prince-bishop's court printer of the Kronach printer Georg Andreas Gertner.
The weekly newspaper Bamberg is a local weekly newspaper that focuses exclusively on reporting from Bamberg and the region. It reports on politics , economy , sport and Bamberg events. The newspaper was founded in 1981 in Bamberg as the weekly newspaper Bamberg and was popularly known as Wobla , which led to the newspaper being given its current name.
The Sportecho is a bi-monthly published sports magazine since November 2014. The distribution area is Bamberg and the surrounding area. The thematic focus is on the regional world of sport and reporting on sporty youth. There is also a section that highlights important personalities of the Bamberg sports scene.
ART. 5 | III
Founded in Bamberg in 2012 under the name Art. 5 | III (name with slogan: Art. 5 | III - the supplier for art and culture ; also written: Art.5 / III ), since then the magazine has been published every two months - six times a year - in the Rhenish format with an edition of 20,000 copies. The distribution area is the city and the district of Bamberg , the metropolitan region of Nuremberg , all of Lower Franconia and Thuringia . It is the only Bamberg newspaper to focus on cultural phenomena from art to cultural politics. The focus is on the local northern Bavarian region as well as on reports and articles on the national art and cultural events from the metropolises of Berlin and Munich . In addition to regular reports on the Bamberg Short Film Festival and the Erlangen Poetenfest , the magazine repeatedly conducted interviews with influential personalities on the international cultural scene: the violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter , chief conductor of the Prague Philharmonic Jakub Hrůša , the violist and winner of the Frankfurt Music Prize should be mentioned Tabea Zimmermann , the writer and PEN member Tanja Kinkel and the contemporary singers Max Herre , Milow and Joris .
The forerunners Radio Regnitzwelle and the youth radio Fun Boy Radio started broadcasting on October 10, 1987 on the Bamberg FM frequency 88.5 MHz. Since the two stations did not attract enough listeners on their own, the merger was decided on July 1 and implemented a short time later. The program initially focused on hits from the 1980s. In the meantime, the music spectrum has been expanded from the 1970s to the present day. The program also includes world news every full hour, regional news every half hour, traffic reports, service and comedy. The broadcaster is responsible for the Upper Franconian media group .
The station can be received in Bavaria and parts of Hesse . The seat is in Regensburg . The program is based on its "Young CHR " format, i. H. Black music , hip-hop , dance music , house music and pop music , especially for 14 to 26 year olds. Radio Galaxy is operated by "Digitale Rundfunk Bayern GmbH & Co. KG", while " Funkhaus Regensburg GmbH & Co. Studiobetriebs KG" is responsible for programming .
TV Upper Franconia
TV Oberfranken is a Bavarian regional broadcaster based in Hof / Saale of TV Oberfranken GmbH & Co. KG . The transmission area covers the entire administrative region of Upper Franconia . In addition to the main broadcasting station in Hof, the station also has regional studios in Bamberg, Bayreuth and Coburg .
Bamberg has a city fire brigade association. The Bamberg Voluntary Fire Brigade consists of 11 departments. These are a permanent watch, a special unit of the former disaster control , the ABC train (fire fighting group 51) and nine other fire fighting groups. Another special unit of the former disaster control was the technical train / oil brigade (fire fighting group 21), which, however, was disbanded on December 31, 2013 and incorporated into fire fighting group 3. Most of the vehicles on the ABC train and the former technical train have the rare orange disaster control paintwork. In addition, there is a support group for local operations management (UG ÖEL) Bamberg-Stadt.
technical aid organization
In addition, there is a local branch of the Technical Relief Organization (THW) in Bamberg . This local association consists of the staff, a technical train with a specialist group for rooms , a specialist group for water hazards and a specialist group for water damage / pumps as well as other internally procured equipment. There is also a youth group. In addition, the office for the THW management department in Bamberg is located in Breitengüßbach near Bamberg.
Rapid action groups
Several units of the aid organizations BRK, Malteser and JUH are active in civil disaster control . The Bamberg district association of the Bavarian Red Cross provides two SEG treatment , one SEG care and specialist units UG SanEL , technology and security . Furthermore, the medical operations management (SanEL) is provided by organizational managers and senior emergency doctors .
- The presidium of the Bavarian riot police was relocated from Munich to the Lagardekaserne on Pödeldorfer Strasse in May 1998 .
- The land surveying office in Bamberg is based in the converted former Franciscan monastery in Bamberg
- The state building authority has its seat in the Dominican monastery in Bamberg
- Office for Food, Agriculture and Forests Bamberg
There are eleven old people's homes in the city that are run by various providers.
The stadium pool was opened in 1953 and was renovated in September 2001. Today (2020) it bears the name Bambados outdoor pool and it borders on the Bambados leisure and sports pool , which opened in 2011, with a wellness and sauna area.
The Hainbad has been offering the opportunity to swim in the left arm of the Regnitz since 1972, which includes a wooden deck.
When the municipality of Gaustadt was incorporated into Bamberg in 1972, the Gaustadt outdoor pool (inaugurated in 1956) at Badstrasse 17 was added.
At the end of 2011 the "Bambados" in Bamberg was opened, a modern leisure and sports pool with a wellness and sauna area. Up to and including the 2019 summer season, there was a combined tariff for Bambados indoor and outdoor pools.
Education and Research
The University of Bamberg is one with more than 13,000 students to the middle-sized universities in Bavaria. The university buildings are spread over the entire city of Bamberg. However, a large part of it lies in the core of Bamberg's old town. Linguistics and literary studies partly occupy buildings that previously belonged to the Kaiser-Heinrich-Gymnasium . In addition to the administration, the two faculties of humanities and cultural sciences (GuK) and human sciences (Huwi) are located in the old town locations. The computing center and the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences (SoWi) are located in Feldkirchenstrasse. The Faculty of Business Informatics and Applied Computer Science (WIAI) was also located there until it moved to the new building on ERBA Island in the summer of 2012. The extensive university library has a central library, five sub-libraries and the ERBA library branch. Otto Friedrich University is a member of the network of medium-sized universities and has been recognized as a family-friendly university and a partner university for top-class sport. It is one of the leading universities for social and economic sciences and psychology in Bavaria.
University of Applied Sciences
The private professional school of the middle class maintains since the acquisition of teaching from September 1, 2013 by University of Applied Sciences Bamberg a location in Bamberg. Its administrative headquarters are in Bielefeld. With its offer, the University of Applied Sciences is the only university in Bavaria that offers the two therapeutic professions of physiotherapy and speech therapy as part of an undergraduate degree.
Institute for Earth Measurement
The Bamberg Institute for Geodesy - a research institute for higher geodesy on the Domberg - was founded in 1945 by the US Army Surveyors and existed until the early 1950s when it was incorporated into the Frankfurt Institute for Applied Geodesy . Its main task was the completion of the Central European triangular network over Central Europe, which was started in the time of National Socialism and which was completed in 1949. Other major projects were the ED50 coordinate system and an astro-geodetic geoid determination of Central and Western Europe. There was also cooperation with the Bamberg Remeis observatory .
The first director was Erwin Gigas , under whom the series of publications of the Institute for Earth Measurement was founded.
- Clavius High School
- Dientzenhofer high school
- Eichendorff High School
- ETA Hoffmann-Gymnasium
- Maria Ward High School
Two secondary schools (including an all-girls school), a business school, elementary and special schools, five vocational schools, ten private schools, Bamberg adult education center, education center of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce, professional training centers of the Bavarian economy ( bfz ), archbishop's evening grammar school for working people, Catholic adult education in the city of Bamberg e. V. (KEB), nine vocational training and qualification centers, the municipal music school, von-Lerchenfeld-Schule / private support center, support focus on hearing (former institution for the deaf and dumb) with boarding school.
The Maria Ward boarding school run by the English Misses (from 1717) was closed in 2011.
Movie and TV
Bamberg is the location of well-known cinema and television productions such as B .:
- the children's and youth series Finally Saturday!
- the children's films The Sams , Sams in Danger , Sams in Luck with Ulrich Noethen and Armin Rohde
- Lola Montez from 1955 with Peter Ustinov and Will Quadflieg
- Heroines from 1960 with Marianne Koch and Paul Hubschmid
- City without pity from 1961 with Christine Kaufmann and Kirk Douglas
- The flying classroom (1973) with Joachim Fuchsberger
- the crime series Pfarrer Braun with Ottfried Fischer and Der König with Günter Strack
- the fairy tale the dwarf nose with Mechthild Großmann
- the short film the Unconditional about August von Kotzebue
- the drama In the world you are afraid of Hans W. Geißendörfer with Anna Maria Mühe and Max von Thun
- the comedy Resturlaub of Tommy Jaud with Maximilian Brückner and Mira Bartuschek
- the remake of the “coat and sword classic” The Three Musketeers with Logan Lerman , Orlando Bloom , Milla Jovovich and Christoph Waltz
- the local thriller produced by Bavarian Radio - Bamberger Reiter
- some episodes of art and stuff , a broadcast of the Bavarian radio for antiques advice
- of the BR cinema production Charleen puts an end to Heike Makatsch
- the ZDF film about the witch hunt The Souls in Fire with Axel Milberg
- the ARD crime series Tatort (episode: At the end you go naked ) with Dagmar Manzel and Fabian Hinrichs
Since August 2008 there has been an independent television for schools in Bamberg.
Mayor and Lord Mayor
The full-time mayor was first elected by the citizens in 1818. The official title has been Lord Mayor since 1917.
The city of Bamberg has so far awarded honorary citizenship to 35 people.
sons and daughters of the town
Personalities who worked in Bamberg
- Ezzo (poet) († probably on November 15th around 1100) was a canon and teacher in the cathedral school in Bamberg in the second half of the 11th century. Poet of the early Middle High German Ezzo song, he wrote a hymn on Christian salvation history.
- From 1260 Hugo von Trimberg (1230-1313) worked at the Latin school in what was then the Bamberg suburb of Theuerstadt. He wrote the moral didactic poem Der Renner , which includes 24,000 verses against the seven deadly sins.
- The early humanist Albrecht von Eyb (1420–1475) lived in the Bamberg Curia Sancti Sebastiani . He wrote the song of praise for the grace of the maiden Barbara .
- Some time later Bamberg played an important role in the development of German Romanticism . Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder (1773–1798) is considered to be one of the earliest authors of this conception of art and developed it with the collaboration of Ludwig Tieck (1773–1853) in the pouring out of the heart of an art-loving monastery brother, among other things stimulated by his stays in Bamberg.
- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) found a publisher in Bamberg in 1807 for his work Phenomenology of the Spirit . He became editor-in-chief of the Bamberger Zeitung , but soon came into conflict with the Bavarian press law. Finally, in 1808, Hegel left the city disillusioned for Nuremberg. His journalistic engagement should remain an episode in his biography. In 1810 Karl Friedrich Gottlob Wetzel (1779-1819) took over the role of editor-in-chief of the newspaper, which was renamed Fränkischer Merkur . In the course of his work in Bamberg he wrote numerous dramas, volumes of poetry and other works.
- One of the city's most famous writers was ETA Hoffmann (1776-1822), who in 1808 took up a position as music director in Bamberg. A little later he had to quit this post, but continued to work as a theater composer. In 1809 he wrote his first literary work, the Knight Gluck . He also began directing plays and helping to create the stage sets. His love for his only 15-year-old vocal student Julia Marc, to which numerous female figures in his works can be traced back later, was decisive for his literary work. Overall, however, his livelihood in Bamberg remained modest, Hoffmann was repeatedly plagued by financial hardship and finally left the city in 1813. His second home is now looked after by the ETA Hoffmann Society and is open as a museum.
- Karl Friedrich Gottlob Wetzel (1779–1819), from 1810 editor-in-chief of Fränkischer Merkur . Was discussed as a possible (co-) author of the Night Watch of Bonaventura .
- Friedrich Deml (1901–1994), member of the Bamberg circle of poets
- Hans Wollschläger (1935–2007) translated the novel Ulysses by the Irish poet James Joyce into German in Bamberg and made the city the setting for his avant-garde novel Herzgewächse or The Fall of Adam .
- Wulf Segebrecht (* 1935), literary scholar, author, editor, publisher
- Peter Schanz (* 1957), author, dramaturge and director
- Rolf-Bernhard Essig (* 1963), author, journalist a. a. Non-fiction books, radio contributions
- Nora-Eugenie Gomringer (* 1980), poet and performance artist
Significant residents of Jewish faith or descent
- Joseph Marquard Treu (1713–1796), converted to Catholicism in 1732, painter
- Adalbert Friedrich Marcus (1753–1816), converted to Catholicism; Co-founder and first "Medical Director" of the municipal hospital founded by Prince-Bishop Franz Ludwig von Erthal in 1789 , medical advisor during the Bavarian period.
- Franz Ludwig von Hornthal , converted to Catholicism, mayor of Bamberg from 1818 to 1821
- August von Wassermann (1866–1925), German immunologist and bacteriologist
- Oscar Wassermann (1869–1934), German banker and economist, from a long-established banking family (Wassermann private bank with headquarters in Bamberg)
- Philipp Lederer (1872–1944), numismatist, coin and antiques dealer
- Martin Finkelgruen (1876–1942), department store owner in Bamberg, murdered in Theresienstadt by Anton Malloth
- Willy Lessing (1881–1939), entrepreneur and councilor of commerce, was beaten to death in Bamberg
- Hedwig Bernet (1890–1975), one of three returned Jews from Bamberg, co-founder of the Israelite religious community in Bamberg, merits for reconciliation, recipient of the Federal Cross of Merit.
- Willy Aron (1907–1933), lawyer, first Bamberg Jew who came to the Dachau concentration camp and was murdered there
- Hilde Marx (1911–1986), poet, journalist
- Josef Heller, conductor at the city theater
- Herbert Loebl (1923–2013), engineer, entrepreneur, historian and philanthropist
In addition to honorary citizenship, the city of Bamberg awards further honors to deserving citizens who “enjoy general reputation” and “have earned special merits”:
- City Medal Bamberg (since 1989) - "special services for the general well-being of the city and its citizens"
- Citizen's Medal (since 1962) - "excellent services for the general welfare of the city of Bamberg and its citizens"
- Ehrenring (since 1973) - “outstanding achievements for the reputation and general well-being of the city of Bamberg and its citizens”, for example through “extraordinary achievements in the fields of art, science, economy, social affairs, public life or international understanding "
- Medal of Merit (since 1980) - an internal city council award
Plaques and medals
The plaques and medals relating to Bamberg personalities and events are listed here.
- Neustetter Taler from approx. 1629 (new issue 1979)
- Opening of the Ottoian Academie (1648)
- Military Merit Medal (1797), Convention thaler (also new issue 1977)
- Silver and gold medal of the union of the Bamberg diocese with Bavaria (1802)
- 950th anniversary of the death of Pope Clement II (1997)
- Michael von Deinlein (1875)
- Birth of Prince Luitpold of Bavaria (1901)
- Jacobus von Hauck (1915)
- Bishop Otto I the Saint (1924)
- 850 years of the Pomeranian Mission, Bishop Otto I the Saint (1974)
- Lothar Franz von Schönborn (1988)
- 800 years canonization of Bishop Otto I (1989)
- 950th anniversary of the death of Emperor Heinrich II (1974)
- 200th birthday of ETA Hoffmann (1976)
- Adrian Ludwig Richter (1984)
- Balthasar Neumann (1987)
- 325th birthday of Johann Dientzenhofer (1988)
- 850 years canonization of Emperor Heinrich II. (1996)
- Printer anniversary (1840)
- Opening of the Bamberg – Nuernberg railway line (1844)
- Opening of the Ludwig Canal (1845)
- Franconian Federal Singers' Festival (1863)
- Bamberg Cathedral (approx. 1861)
- Opening of the central halls (1890)
- Seminar anniversary and classmate party (1891)
- Inauguration of the shooting range (1893)
- 3. Upper Franconian Zimmerstutzen - Federal shooting (1898)
- Birth of Prince Luitpold of Bavaria (1901)
- 900 years of the Diocese of Bamberg (1907)
- 900th anniversary of the city of Bamberg (1924)
- Opening of the cycling track (1928)
- Heinrichsfest (1935)
- Riding and jumping tournament (1938)
- City of Bamberg (1967)
- 100 years of the Bamberg chess club (1968)
- 1000 years of the city of Bamberg (1973)
- 1. Altenburgertaler (1978)
- 175 years Bürgerspital Bamberg (1979)
- Inauguration of the gardener and hacker museum (1979)
- Re-establishment of the University of Bamberg (1979)
- 675 years of Bamberg city rights (1981)
- History thaler of the city of Bamberg (1981)
- First Sebastiani thaler (1982)
- Franconian Brewery Museum (1982)
- Christmas Thaler (1982)
- Second Sebastianitaler (1984)
- 125 years of the Bamberg Volunteer Fire Brigade (1985)
- St. Gangolf (Bamberg) (1986)
- 400 years of Kaiser-Heinrich-Gymnasium (1986)
- Renovation thaler St. Stephan (1986)
- 750 years of Bamberg Cathedral (1987)
- 600 years of the Upper Parish (1987)
- Krippentaler (1987, annually until 1998)
- Bamberg Monument City (1990)
- 100 years of the Franz-Ludwig-Gymnasium (1990)
- Investiture - celebration of new families of the Teutonic Order (1991)
- 300 years of St. Martin (1993)
- 2. Altenburger - Thaler (1993)
- Pegnitz-Regnitz-Taler (1993)
- Christmas Thaler (1993)
- 150 years of the Bamberg-Nuremberg railway line (1994)
- 975 years inauguration of St. Michaelskirche (1995)
- 150 years of completion of the Ludwig-Danube-Main Canal (1996)
- Inclusion on the Unesco World Heritage List (1996)
- 350 years Bamberg University of Applied Sciences (1997)
- Series sights in Bamberg. minted on silver bars (1998 ff.)
Religions and worldviews
The religion of Bamberg has changed a lot. The numbers show a clear decrease in the number of Catholics over the years. In 2003 almost two thirds of the population were Catholic, in 2018 it was only 48.1 percent. The decline in the Protestant Church is significantly lower: its share only fell from 19.2 to 17.5 percent over the same period. The number of others has increased significantly and is currently 34.4 percent. According to information from the Bamberg press office, others include “Jews, Muslims, churchless people and members of other religions”.
The following religious communities exist in Bamberg:
- Roman Catholic Church , numerous locations, Cathedral Square (diocesan administration)
- Evangelical Lutheran Church , numerous locations, ice pit (Dean's Office)
- New Apostolic Church
- Baptists , Judenstrasse
- Free Evangelical Congregation , Hartmannstrasse
- Advent Church , Siechenstrasse
- Christian community , Unterer Stephansberg
- Jesus Church
- Orthodox parish
- Jehovah's Witnesses
- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , Hainstrasse
- Israelitische Kultusgemeinde , Willy-Lessing-Strasse (community center)
- Muslims , multiple locations
Because of its location on seven hills, Bamberg is also known as the Franconian Rome .
The inhabitants of Bamberg also have the nickname onion treads . It goes back to the Bamberg gardeners , for whom stepping onions was an important activity in onion cultivation. They had to kick the shallots around when they reached a certain size so that the herb did not grow too high, but instead the nutrients for the growth of the underground onion were used. The farmers tied small boards to their shoes so as not to accidentally step on the onions, and went into the fields with them. A similar nickname is onion franc .
The Bamberger Hörnchen , an old potato variety from Franconia, is named after Bamberg.
- Ekkehard Arnetzl, Werner Kohn, Erich Weiß, a. a .: Three Schobbn - zwa Seidla - a U, Bierstadt Bamberg . Weiß, Bamberg 2014, ISBN 978-3-940821-33-1 .
- Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation (ed.): The art monuments of Bavaria. Administrative region of Upper Franconia. City of Bamberg. published so far:
- Volume 3.1: Immunities of the mountain town. Stephansberg. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-89889-031-7 .
- Volume 3.2: Immunities of the mountain town. Kaulberg, Matern and Sutte. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-89889-032-5 .
- Volume 3.3: Immunities of the mountain town. Jakobsberg and Altenburg. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-89889-116-5 .
- Volume 3.4: Immunities of the mountain town. Michelsberg and Abtsberg. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-89889-123-3 .
- Volume VI.4: Bourgeois mountain town. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-87052-562-2 .
- Volume VII.5: Inner Island City . Munich 1990, ISBN 3-486-54591-4 .
- Ortwin Beisbart, Rudolf Daniel, Antje Yael Deusel: Jewish Bamberg - A walk through the city . Weiß, Bamberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-940821-24-9 .
- Ortwin Beisbart, Antje Yael Deusel: Memorial book of the Jewish citizens of Bamberg . Bamberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-940821-10-2 .
- Oliver Bender u. a. (Ed.): Bamberger extra tours. A geographic guide through the city and its surroundings . Bamberg 2001, ISBN 3-933463-09-2 .
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- Karin Dengler-Schreiber : Bamberg for old and new friends. A guide through the city . Bamberg 2002, ISBN 3-89889-014-7 .
- Karin Dengler-Schreiber : Little Bamberg City History , Pustet, Regensburg 2006, ISBN 3-7917-2011-2 .
- Sandra Dorn: Profile Bamberg: City and District. Citizens of our time . Volume I. Peter Becker Verlag Olbersdorf 2015, ISBN 978-3-940221-34-6 ; Volume II. Olbersdorf 2017, ISBN 978-3-940221-42-1
- Documentation Center World Heritage of the City of Bamberg: Expert guide through the UNESCO World Heritage Bamberg . Bamberg 2006, ISBN 3-9811239-0-5 .
- Oliver van Essenberg (Ed.): Enjoy the way of life - in and around Bamberg. selekt Verlag, Bamberg 2015, third edition. ISBN 978-3-9813799-8-3 .
- Marek Jerzy Fiałek, Matthias Klefenz, Hanns Christian Roth: the clear is pure through the green of your soul. a lyrical walk through bamberg. Szczecin 2010, ISBN 978-83-61350-52-1 .
- Christine Freise-Wonka: Bamberg mosaic stones. Heinrichs-Verlag, Bamberg 2007, ISBN 978-3-89889-054-0 .
- Britta Gehm: The witch hunt in the bishopric of Bamberg and the intervention of the Reichshofrat to put an end to it. 2nd revised edition. Olms, Hildesheim 2011, ISBN 978-3-487-14731-4 (dissertation University of Jena 1999).
- Norbert Haas: Bamberg fountain . Bamberg 1984.
- Christiane Hartleitner, Nina Schipkowski: The Hainbad in Bamberg. Bamberg 2010, ISBN 978-3-940821-03-4 .
- Circle of Bavarian Scholars (Ed.): Upper Franconia and Middle Franconia (= Bavaria. Regional and Folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . Volume 3 ). Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1865, DNB 56034290X , p. 644-667 ( digitized version ).
- Gerhard C. Krischker, Erich Weiss: My Bamberg. Bamberg 2004, ISBN 978-3-936897-09-8 .
- Heinrich Mayer: Bamberg as a city of art. (= Art in the old bishopric of Bamberg and its next areas of influence. Volume 1). Bamberg 1955.
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- Wulf Segebrecht (Ed.): The Bamberg Poet Circle 1936–1943. Lang, Frankfurt am Main / Bern / New York / Paris 1987, ISBN 3-8204-0104-0 (Helicon; Volume 6. Goes back to the exhibition in the Bamberg State Library ).
- Hanns and Renate Steinhorst: Experience Bamberg . 2008, ISBN 978-3-928645-55-3 .
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- Robert Suckale et al. a. (Ed.): Bamberg. A guide to the art history of the city for Bamberg residents and newcomers. 4th edition. Bamberg 2002, ISBN 3-926946-03-2 .
- Johannes Wilkes: Bamberg to the power of seven. Mönau-Verlag, Erlangen 2012, ISBN 978-3-936657-63-0 .
- Association for the Promotion of Jewish History and Culture Bamberg e. V. (ed.), Antje Yael Deusel and Ortwin Beisbart: Memorial book of the Jewish citizens of Bamberg . Bamberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-940821-10-2 .
- Wolfgang Wußmann: Bamberg Lexicon . Bamberg 1996, ISBN 3-928591-38-X .
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- Official website
- Bamberg: coat of arms history from the HdBG
- Background information on monuments and the history of the city and a school project on language monuments in Bamberg
- Three-dimensional model and a high-resolution aerial photo of Bamberg city center for download
- Bamberg's architecture. In: arch INFORM . (comprehensive architecture guide)
- Heinz F. Fränkel, Old and New Street Names in Bamberg (PDF)
- Literature on the subject Bamberg in the catalog of the German National Library
- Bamberg: Official statistics of the LfStat
- Website of the Bamberg State Library
- Dorothea Flock executed in Bamberg in 1630 for alleged witchcraft Video
- Website of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Bamberg Kdö.R.
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Lord Mayor. Bamberg city administration, accessed on May 26, 2020 .
- Bamberg agglomeration at the end of 2015 with 112,300 inhabitants
- Description and map representation of the UNESCO World Heritage area of Bamberg. Website of the city of Bamberg.
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- Absolute lowest temperatures in Germany ( Memento from September 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
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- A brief overview of the persecution of witches in Bamberg can be found in: Wolfgang Behringer: Hexen. Faith, persecution, marketing , (= C. H. Beck Wissen; Volume 2082), 5th edition Munich 2009, p. 54 f. See also Friedrich Merzbacher : The witch trials in Franconia. 1957 (= series of publications on Bavarian national history. Volume 56); 2nd, extended edition: CH Beck, Munich 1970, ISBN 3-406-01982-X , passim, in particular pp. 53–56 ( The witch trials in the Bamberg monastery ).
- List of the names of the victims of the Bamberg witch trials (PDF; 268 kB)
- Session template
- Press information from ZDF on the premiere of The Souls in Fire (July 2014)
- From the history of the Jewish communities in the German-speaking area - Bamberg , accessed on December 20, 2015.
- House of Bavarian History : Jewish cemeteries in Bavaria - Bamberg . As of November 29, 2011.
- Commemorative Book - Victims of Persecution of the Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny 1933–1945 . As of May 19, 2011.
- Judaism in Bamberg
- Karl Kunze: End of the war in Franconia and the battle for Nuremberg . Edelmann, Nuremberg 1995, ISBN 3-87191-207-7 .
- See the homepage of the Willy-Aron-Gesellschaft Bamberg e. V .; Editor: “Stolperstein” is reminiscent of Isidor Forchheimer. Action , Franconian Day from 2/3 December 2017, p.14. Retrieved online from inFranken.de: URL: https://www.infranken.de/regional/artikel_fuer_gemeinden/stolperstein-erinnert-wieder-an-isidorforchheimer;art154303,3056594 (as of June 12, 2018).
- See the homepage of the city of Bamberg
- Cf. Antje Yael Deusel / Ortwin Beisbart: Memorial book of the Jewish citizens of Bamberg. , Pp. 23, 30, 235.
- report from June 2, 2013: The Ami genga: Now the citizens should have a say
- Report Nordbayern.de of January 17, 2014: Article picture gallery map Bamberg conversion: City takes over 100 US apartments
- city welcomes the first "conversion citizens": The "NATO settlement" has already been used for civilian purposes
- Minister of Social Affairs Müller opens second deportation center , SZ, September 16, 2015
- Reception facility Upper Franconia , Government of Upper Franconia, 2016
- report from September 1, 2016: New Police School in Bamberg
- Report of the Bavarian Broadcasting Corporation from November 13, 2015: School of the Federal Police is definitely coming ( Memento from November 16, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- City buys the former Lagarde barracks , stadt.bamberg.de, February 14, 2017
- Bamberg: Anchor Center starts operations . In: inFranken.de . ( infranken.de [accessed on August 1, 2018]).
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 600 .
- Bamberg beats Bayreuth . Nordbayerischer Kurier Zeitungsverlag GmbH. February 11, 2015. Accessed January 23, 2019.
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- town twinning
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- Bernhard Schemmel: The Tattermann column. Bamberg 2004.
- https://www.bavariathek.bayern/ 257
- https://www.bavariathek.bayern/ 256
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- Website of the land surveying office
- Wolfgang Wußmann: Bamberg-Lexikon pp. 80, 7 and 95
- Suckale, Schmidt, Ruderich: Bamberg p. 194.
- Robert Suckale et al. a. (Ed.) Bamberg A Guide to the City of Art History p. 68.
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- Memorial for the victims of National Socialism . A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education , Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , pp. 118f.
- June 19, 1965 - Desecration of the cemetery in Bamberg: gravestones smeared with swastikas, a tool case in the background , June 19, 1965, in the Austrian National Library.
- June 19, 1965 - Desecration of the cemetery in Bamberg: With swastikas and the words… , June 19, 1965, in the Austrian National Library.
- Philipp Kittler . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 20 : Kaufmann – Knilling . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1927, p. 398 .
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- huge tunnel system undermines the cathedral city. In: Nürnberger Nachrichten. on: nordbayern.de. January 17, 2009.
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- Traffic development for the city of Bamberg
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- Taking bicycles with you , vgn.de
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