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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bamberg
Map of Germany, position of the city of Bamberg highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 54 '  N , 10 ° 54'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Franconia
Height : 262 m above sea level NHN
Area : 54.62 km 2
Residents: 77,373 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1416 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 96047, 96049, 96050, 96052
Area code : 0951
License plate : BA
Community key : 09 4 61 000

City administration address :
Maximiliansplatz 3
96047 Bamberg
Website :
Lord Mayor : Andreas Starke ( SPD )
Location of the city of Bamberg in Bavaria
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Straubing Würzburg Schwabach Schweinfurt Regensburg Rosenheim Nürnberg Nürnberg Passau Landshut Memmingen Kaufbeuren Kempten (Allgäu) Ingolstadt Fürth Hof Erlangen Coburg Bayreuth Bamberg Augsburg München Aschaffenburg Amberg Ansbach Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Traunstein Landkreis Tirschenreuth Landkreis Straubing-Bogen Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Schwandorf Landkreis Rottal-Inn Landkreis Roth Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld Landkreis Regensburg Landkreis Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis Regen Landkreis Passau Landkreis Ostallgäu Landkreis Oberallgäu Landkreis Nürnberger Land Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Neustadt an der Waldnaab Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Landkreis Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Landkreis München Landkreis Mühldorf am Inn Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Lindau (Bodensee) Landkreis Lichtenfels Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Landkreis Kulmbach Landkreis Kronach Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Kelheim Landkreis Hof Landkreis Haßberge Landkreis Günzburg Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau Landkreis Freising Landkreis Forchheim Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Erding Landkreis Eichstätt Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Dachau Landkreis Coburg Landkreis Cham Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land Landkreis Bayreuth Landkreis Bamberg Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Bad Kissingen Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Aschaffenburg Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Amberg-Sulzbach Landkreis Altötting Landkreis Aichach-Friedberg Bodensee Schweiz Österreich Baden-Württemberg Hessen Tschechien Sachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture
Old town of Bamberg
UNESCO world heritage UNESCO World Heritage Emblem

Bamberg old town 20061115-057-Pano.jpg
Old town
National territory: GermanyGermany Germany
Type: Culture
Criteria : (ii) (iv)
Reference No .: [ (English) 624]
UNESCO region : Europe and North America
History of enrollment
Enrollment: 1993  (session 17)

Bamberg (medieval: Babenberg , Bambergisch : Bambärch ) is a Franconian district-free city in the Bavarian administrative district of Upper Franconia and the location of the Bamberg district office . It is the largest medium- sized town in Bavaria, a university , school and administrative center, the seat of a higher regional court and the public prosecutor's office in Bamberg , an important economic center in Upper Franconia and the seat of the archbishopric of the same name . The most famous building is the four-tower Bamberg Cathedral , one of the former imperial domes .

The city is designated in the regional planning as the regional center of western Upper Franconia and is part of the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region . Bamberg has around 78,000 inhabitants, making it the largest city in Upper Franconia, the agglomeration has around 117,000 inhabitants.

The Old Town is one of the largest preserved largely historic centers in Germany and since 1993 as a World Heritage Site in the list of UNESCO entered. In addition, Bamberg is known nationwide for its diverse beer tradition as well as for the traditional nurseries with large cultivation areas in the middle of the city.


View of Bamberg from Altenburgberg

Geographical location

The place extends over the valley of the Regnitz . The so-called Inselstadt lies between her right and left arm - the right one was expanded into the Main-Danube Canal . Other central parts of the city are the Toomberg in the southwest and the gardening town in the northeast and the Wunderburg in the southeast, both of which are located in the aforementioned depression. The location on the two arms of the river shapes the character of the old town.

The Regnitz leaves the city in a north-westerly direction and flows into the Main at its westernmost border, five kilometers from the center, at Bischberg . To the south, the Regnitz valley stretches to Fürth , to the west is the Steigerwald , to the northwest and north is the Main valley and beyond that the Haßberge Nature Park . East of Bamberg is the hill country of the Franconian Switzerland Nature Park with the Geisberg ( 585  m ) and Katzenberg ( 558.5  m ).

The urban area borders on the municipalities (starting from the north clockwise) Gundelsheim , Memmelsdorf , Litzendorf , Strullendorf , Pettstadt , Stegaurach , Bischberg , Oberhaid and Hallstadt .

Expansion of the urban area

The urban area has an area of ​​54.58 square kilometers. The north-south extension is 9.6 kilometers, the east-west extension 9.7 kilometers. The old town lies on the island between the two Regnitz arms and west of the left Regnitz arm (Domberg). Later the city expanded mainly to the east.

City map of Bamberg from 1617

City structure

Bamberg is divided into the following districts: Berggebiet, Mitte (Inselstadt), Theuerstadt (Gärtnerstadt, St. Gangolf), Wunderburg , Gereuth, Nord (St. Otto), Ost (St. Heinrich), Gartenstadt (St. Kunigunda), Bruckertshof, Bug, Bughof, Gaustadt , Hirschknock, Kramersfeld and Wildensorg.

Between 1750 and 1753, the administration divided Bamberg into four quarters , which were named after the city's saints : the Henriziviertel in the northwest, the Georgenviertel in the northeast, the Kunigundenviertel in the southeast and the Ottonisviertel in the southwest. The houses were numbered within each individual quarter. A new division into four districts, which corresponded to the parishes of St. Martin, St. Gangolf, Our Lady and Cathedral, took place in 1804. At the same time, all houses in the city were numbered consecutively, starting with the old town hall. In 1876 house numbers were assigned street by street . As the city grew, more were added to the existing districts, for example the 5th district around the parish Maria Hilf in the Wunderburg in 1909 and the 6th district around the parish St. Otto in 1916. This classification, which has not been officially abolished to this day, only serves as the basis for the activities of the 16 civic associations , whereby there are sometimes two civic associations in one district. The civil associations Gaustadt and Kramersfeld-Bruckertshof-Hirschknock were founded when Gaustadt was still an independent municipality and Kramersfeld was still part of Hallstadt . The city is currently divided into statistical census districts, which are based on historical and urban planning guidelines.

District Civic association Year of foundation of the BV
I. District Bamberg-Mitte civic association 1905
II. District Gangolf Civic Association 1908
III. District Kaulberg Citizens' Association 1899
Stephansberg Citizens' Association 1953
IV. District Civic Association Sand 1891
V. District Civic Association Wunderburg, Bamberg Süd 1906
Bamberg-Süd civil association, Gereuth 1974
VI. District Civic Association Bamberg-Nord, St.Otto 1923
VII. District Bamberg East Citizens' Association 1951
VIII. District Garden City Civic Association 1951
IX. District Civic Association Kramersfeld-Bruckertshof-Hirschknock 1956
X. District Civic Association Bug 1972
XI. District Civic Association Gaustadt 1904
XII. District Wildensorg Civic Association 1979
XIII. District Civic Association South-West 1977
XIV. District Citizens' Association Am Bruderwald 1993

Bamberg has around 650 streets, squares and alleys.


The temperature mean in the coldest month of January is −1.1 ° C, in the summer month of July +17.8 ° C. The annual average temperature is +8.5 ° C.

  • Highest temperature ever measured: +38.2 ° C (July 25, 2019)
  • Lowest temperature ever measured: −30.1 ° C (February 10, 1956)

Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Bamberg
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 4.1 5.5 9.8 15.4 19.8 22.9 25.1 24.5 20.2 14.2 7.1 3.9 O 14.4
Min. Temperature (° C) −2.2 −2.5 0.4 3.2 7.3 10.9 13.0 12.2 8.8 5.2 1.2 −1.5 O 4.7
Temperature (° C) 0.9 1.4 4.9 9.3 13.8 17.1 19.0 18.1 14.1 9.3 4.1 1.2 O 9.5
Precipitation ( mm ) 40 33 39 27 46 52 73 46 46 39 36 38 Σ 515
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 1.6 2.4 3.1 4.5 5.4 6.1 6.0 5.7 4.1 2.7 1.2 1.1 O 3.7
Rainy days ( d ) 13 12 13 11 10 12 13 10 10 12 13 13 Σ 142
Humidity ( % ) 85 81 77 72 70 71 71 75 79 83 85 86 O 77.9
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Protected areas

Bamberg from an airplane perspective

In Bamberg there are two nature reserves , four landscape protection areas , four FFH areas and two geotopes (as of August 2016).

See also:


Historical overview

Imperial couple Heinrich II and Kunigunde

The oldest relics of Bamberg's prehistory are probably the Bamberg idols found in the 19th century .

In the year 902 a castrum was called Babenberch for the first time on today's Domberg. It belonged to the East Franconian family of the older Babenbergs , who lost the fief in 903 in a bloody feud with the Rhine Franconian Conradins . In the so-called Babenberg feud , three Babenberg brothers died. The possessions fell to the king and remained a royal estate until 973. Emperor Otto II gave the castrum to his cousin, the Duke of Bavaria, Heinrich the quarrel .

The diocese was founded in 1007 by King Heinrich II , the son of Heinrich the Quarrel, and in the same year he had the first cathedral built, but it burned down twice and was replaced by the current building from the 13th century. In 1208 King Philip of Swabia was murdered in Bamberg by Otto VIII von Wittelsbach .

In January 1430 the Hussites advanced on Bamberg (see also Hussite Wars ). The cathedral chapter fled with the cathedral treasure (today in the Diocesan Museum Bamberg ) to the Giechburg , the bishop himself withdrew to Carinthia . The wealthy citizens fled to Forchheim and Nuremberg. However, the Hussites did not take Bamberg. When they had conquered Scheßlitz, the craftsmen, day laborers and farmers who remained in Bamberg plundered first the wine cellars and then the town houses and monasteries. Shortly thereafter acted Margrave Frederick of Brandenburg with Andreas Prokop , commander of the Hussite movement, on Castle Zwernitz a ceasefire and Bamberg paid 12,000 guilders ransom to the arson to escape.

An uprising of the citizens in the 15th century against the power of the prince-bishop, the so-called immunity dispute, was unsuccessful. The Peasants' War of 1524/1525 left its mark on the city.

During the Thirty Years 'War the city suffered greatly from the Swedish troops, in the Seven Years' War from Prussian troops and in Napoleon's time from French troops.

Under the prince-bishops Lothar Franz (1693–1729) and Friedrich Carl von Schönborn (1729–1746), the city experienced a cultural heyday during the Baroque period .

In the Treaty of Lunéville, the town and monastery were promised to the Electorate of Bavaria as compensation for the loss of the Palatinate to France. Even before the final fixation in the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , Bavaria began to militarily occupy the territory of the bishopric on September 2, 1802, and on November 29, the area finally declared a Bavarian province. Prince-Bishop Christoph Franz von Buseck resigned and thus sealed the end of Bamberg's independence.

During the March Revolution in 1848/49 Bamberg was a stronghold of the Democrats, which is why the city was considered particularly radical by the government in Munich. The most famous personalities were the lawyers Nikolaus Titus and Ignaz Prell , the doctor Heinrich Heinkelmann and the journalist Carl Heger . There the so-called 14 Bamberg articles , a catalog of basic rights, were read out.

On May 25 and 26, 1854, eight German medium-sized states ( Bavaria , Saxony , Hanover , Württemberg , Baden , Kurhessen , Hessen-Darmstadt and Nassau ) held the Bamberg Conference in Bamberg , in which they discussed their position on the two great powers of Austria and Prussia agreed on the Oriental matter .

In 1909 one of the first scout groups in Germany was founded in Bamberg .

After the First World War , on April 7, 1919, the recently elected Bavarian State Government ( Hoffmann Cabinet ) fled to Bamberg in the conflict over the Munich Soviet Republic and requested from there military support to suppress the Soviet Republic. After the Soviet republic had been violently ended by the Reichswehr and Freikorps , the Bamberg constitution was signed on August 14, 1919 as the first democratic constitution for Bavaria.

In Bamberg, too, power was handed over to the National Socialists in 1933, and Bamberg's citizens took part in the persecution of Jewish fellow citizens . Willy Aron was taken into “ protective custody ” on March 10, 1933 and then murdered in Dachau. On July 1, 1933, six weeks after May 10 in Berlin, books were burned on the main arena of the Volkspark . The entrepreneur of the Hofbräu Bamberg , Willy Lessing , was expropriated in 1936 and so badly mistreated during the November pogroms in 1938 that he died a short time later. Several air strikes, which resulted in a total of 378 deaths and destroyed 1,700 apartments, also affected Bamberg not insignificantly in the area of ​​the historic old town. On February 22, 1945, among other things, Bamberg was attacked by American aircraft as a replacement target, killing 216 people and destroying the Church of the Redeemer except for the tower. Buildings that shape the cityscape, such as the Alte Maut and the Städtische Altane on the Green Market and the historical buildings on the Obstmarkt, were irretrievably lost.

After the end of the Second World War , Bamberg belonged to the American zone of occupation . A DP camp for so-called displaced persons was set up by the military administration . In Bamberg one has been held since the end of World War II until September 2014 Garrison of the US Army .


High water mark at the Dominican monastery

The changing water flow of the Regnitz has been a threat to the city for centuries. In July 1342, the Magdalen floods tore a bridge with it. Probably the greatest flood was on February 27, 1784, when the houses on the banks in the Mühlenviertel fell victim. The bridges were also badly damaged. In particular, the Seesbrücke, which was only completed in 1756, today's Chain Bridge, with its baroque furnishings, was destroyed by ice floes and tree trunks that were swept away.

In the urban area, high water marks can be found in Langen Strasse, at the wedding house, in the fishery, on the Weegmannufer next to the Luitpold bridge and at the fulling mill. The comparative values ​​of the last major flood in 2004 are also recorded there. The Jahnwehr and the flood barrier at Bug have provided extensive flood protection since 1964.

Time of the witch hunt

The former bishopric of Bamberg was, together with the monasteries of Würzburg and Eichstätt, as well as in Kurmainz , the neighboring Protestant principality of Bayreuth , the small Swabian rule of Wiesensteig and Ellwangen, one of the main centers of early modern witch and wizard persecution in southern Germany.

In Bamberg the " Constitutio Criminalis Bambergensis " came into force in 1507 , which among other things stipulated the punishment for witchcraft to death by burning:

"The tightness of magic: Item if someone inflicts harm or harm to people through magic, one should tighten from life to death, and one should do so tightly with less"

- Article 109 of the Constitutio Criminalis Bambergensis of 1507

As a result of prolonged, sometimes violent power struggles between the citizens and the respective ruling prince-bishop of Bamberg, a famine caused by poor harvests in the Little Ice Age and the effects of war, and a strong personal belief in witches of the reigning Bamberg prince-bishop Johann Georg II. Fuchs von Dornheim , called the witch burner (1623–1623–) 1633), the persecution and execution of individuals and entire families on charges of witchcraft peaked in Bamberg in the 1620s and early 1630s. The auxiliary bishop Friedrich Förner was the most important preacher and the real agitator of the witch hunt. Johann Georg II. Fuchs von Dornheim built the so-called Drudenhaus , also known as Malefizhaus, which was once in the area of ​​today's promenade, especially for the imprisonment of those accused of witchcraft .

In addition to numerous other Bamberg citizens ( e.g. Dorothea Flock and Christina Morhaubt , Georg Haan , Chancellor in the Bamberg Monastery ) and members of the cathedral chapter, the mayor of Bamberg, Johannes Junius, was appointed to the Drudenhaus in August 1628 under the pretext of witchcraft . Before his execution he wrote in his farewell letter to his daughter:

"I came into the prison innocent, innocently I was martyred, innocent I must die ..."

- Farewell letter from the Mayor of Bamberg, Johannes Junius

According to a list with the names of the victims, well over 300 people in Bamberg had been executed as witches or sorcerers by 1632. From surviving trial files it emerges that from 1595 to 1631 over 880 people were accused of witchcraft or sorcery and executed in three waves. It was not until the invasion of Swedish troops (1630–1635) in February 1632 that the activities of the bishop and his captors came to an end. Prince-Bishop Johann Georg II. Fuchs von Dornheim fled to Upper Austria and died there in 1633.

The marriage of the Bamberg witch persecution is well documented by the large-scale, albeit incomplete, trial files. The most important and by far the largest source inventory is in the Bamberg State Library . Smaller bundles are preserved in the Bamberg City Archives (as a deposit of the Bamberg Historical Society ), in the Bamberg State Archives and in the Witchcraft Collection of the Cornell University Library in Ithaca , New York ( USA ). From the group of people accused of witchcraft and the circumstances of the trial, it becomes clear that the Bamberg witch trials were primarily about power-political disputes. Prince-Bishop Johann Georg II. Fuchs von Dornheim used the pretext of witchcraft specifically to eliminate power-political opponents in the cathedral chapter and in the urban bourgeoisie of Bamberg.

In October 2012, themed weeks on the witch trials were organized in Bamberg to deal with this chapter of the city's history. In 2015, a memorial was erected on an open space between the Ludwig Canal and Geyerswörth Castle , created by the Essen artists Miriam Giessler and Hubert Sandmann . The Bamberg-Mitte Citizens' Association implemented the project together with the City of Bamberg. On April 29, 2015, the city council passed a resolution on the witch trials in the bishopric of Bamberg and decided on a text for the memorial plaque: "In the bishopric of Bamberg in the 17th century around 1000 women, men and children were innocently accused, tortured and executed." became the memorial of the city of Bamberg, the Archdiocese of Bamberg, the Upper Franconian Foundation , the Bamberg-Mitte Citizens' Association and many individual donors.

The ZDF feature film Die Seelen im Feuer, based on the novel of the same name by Sabine Weigand , takes up the time of the witch persecution in Bamberg.

Jews played an important role in the history of the city.

University town 1647–1803 and from 1979

Bamberg in 1900 by the Altenburg from

The university , founded in 1647, was abolished in the course of the secularization of the bishopric of Bamberg by the Bavarian occupiers in 1803, but continued to exist in a reduced form as a philosophy-theological university. Expanded with all university faculties, it began teaching in the winter semester of 1946/1947 in the hope of developing into the fourth Bavarian state university. The then rector Benedikt Kraft was the energetic initiator . He appointed well-known professors who had previously taught in Königsberg or Breslau , as well as judges from the Imperial Court in Leipzig . Many former soldiers who had returned from the war began their studies here, which were expanded from semester to semester. The expansion plans then came to nothing , Regensburg became the fourth Bavarian state university. In 1972 the Bamberg University was re-established as a comprehensive university and in 1979 it was promoted to university. The Otto Friedrich University of Bamberg , named after its founders, houses faculties of the humanities, culture, humanities, social and information sciences.

In 2009, due to austerity measures by the Bavarian State Government, the social work department was dissolved and integrated into the Coburg University of Applied Sciences . The founding Faculty of Catholic Theology was also shut down and transformed into the Institute for Catholic Theology within the Faculty of Humanities and Cultural Studies.

On May 25, 2009 the city received the title Place of Diversity awarded by the federal government .

Military before 1803

In the time before secularization and the territorial reforms, the Franconian Empire , to which the diocese of Bamberg provided troops, was responsible for the defense of Bamberg. They were parts of the Hohenlohe and Ferntheil regiments as well as troops of the Franconian district artillery. Bamberg was relatively poorly fortified and was captured three times by Prussian associations during the Seven Years' War , among other things to force the Bamberg prince-bishop, who had a lot of influence at the imperial court, into neutrality.

Military from 1803

Bamberg's "house regiments" were the 5th Infantry Regiment (since 1855) and the 1st Uhlan Regiment , nicknamed Sekt- Uhlans (since 1872) of the Bavarian Army . At the beginning of the First World War , the Bamberg horsemen were involved in the battle near Lagarde . Both regiments were in Bamberg until 1918. After 1919 it was a garrison for the 17 rider regiment of the Reichswehr . The rearmament under the Nazi regime resulted in the construction of new barracks and the stationing of parts of the 4th Panzer Division of the Wehrmacht . After 1945 there was no longer a German military in Bamberg. Instead, the US Army took over the barracks until they withdrew in September 2014.

time of the nationalsocialism

Bamberg Synagogue (destroyed in the pogrom night in 1938), 1910

The Bamberg synagogue , built between 1908 and 1910, was destroyed during the November pogroms in 1938 and the aryanization of the Jewish businesses was completed. From 1939 the Bamberg Jews were mostly used for forced labor in communal areas. From November 1941, the Jews living in Bamberg began to be deported . The Jewish cemetery was expropriated and the Taharahaus to the company Bosch rented, it used as a warehouse. Until May 1945 only 15 Jews remained who lived in so-called mixed marriages . A total of around 630 Jews born in Bamberg or who had lived there for a long time fell victim to the Holocaust through deportation and murder . On April 14, 1945 Bamberg was captured by US Army troops. There was little military resistance from the German side, but this resulted in American artillery fire. A total of 23 German soldiers and four civilians were killed.

21st century

Commemoration of National Socialism in Bamberg

In the city of Bamberg, so-called stumbling blocks in the sidewalks have been commemorating the victims of National Socialist rule between 1933 and 1945 in Germany since the end of 2004 . The Willy-Aron-Gesellschaft Bamberg e.V. is responsible for laying the Stolpersteine ​​in Bamberg. V. responsible. This association, which was registered in 2003, was named after the Bamberg-born Willy Aron , who was the first victim of National Socialism to die in 1933. So far, 151 to 160 stumbling blocks have been laid in Bamberg and Hallstadt . In memory of Willy Aron, Hans Wölfel and Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg , a memorial was inaugurated in the Bamberg Harmony Garden in 2016. In memory of the Jewish Nazi victims Willy Aron, Willy Lessing and Siegmund Bauchwitz, a street each bears their name.

Day of the Franks

In 2007, the second day of the Franks was celebrated in Bamberg on the occasion of the 1000th anniversary of the Archdiocese of Bamberg ( 1000 years under the stars ) according to the motto Franconia with body and soul .

The redevelopment of the former US site from 2014

Plans for the resulting conversion area are discussed publicly. In January 2014, a license agreement was signed between the city of Bamberg and the Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks , which makes it possible to hand over five parts of the conversion area to the city in March 2015.

At the beginning of October 2014, the "NATO settlement" of the former US army site with 149 residential units was handed over for civil use. Development through the city is already taking place.

In September 2015, a second arrival and repatriation facility was opened on the site next to Manching in Bavaria, which is used to deport Balkan refugees with little prospect of staying.

On July 18, 2016, the Upper Franconian Reception Center (AEO) was expanded to include traditional asylum seekers, and in the final stage it will be expanded to 3400 places. As of December 1, 2016, there are currently 1077 places occupied by refugees / asylum seekers.

On September 1, 2016, the Federal Police built a school on the conversion site that will take up large parts of it in the near future. The originally planned district with 8000 inhabitants by the city of Bamberg became obsolete.

On February 14, 2017, the city of Bamberg acquired the former US Lagarde barracks in the east of the city, near the four-lane main thoroughfare Berliner Ring. Apartments, workplaces and an IT campus are to be built there.

On August 1, 2018, a so-called anchor center was set up in the Upper Franconian reception facility (AEO) . According to the will of the state government, the aim of this is to enable faster decisions in asylum procedures and accelerated deportations by concentrating the competent authorities and courts. The Bavarian Minister of the Interior, Herrmann, has assured the city administration that the current capacity of around 3400 seats will not be used and that the occupancy will be limited to 1500 people.


On January 1, 1970, the districts of Kramersfeld and Bruckertshof of the Hallstadt community were incorporated into the urban area. On July 1, 1972, the municipalities of Bug , Gaustadt , Wildensorg , the district of Bughof of the municipality of Strullendorf and the district of Hirschknock of the municipality of Gundelsheim followed as part of the regional reform .

Population development

Population development of Bamberg.svg Population development of Bamberg - from 1871
Population development of Bamberg. Above from 1599 to 2017. Below an excerpt from 1871

In the Middle Ages and in the early modern times , the population of Bamberg grew only slowly and fell again and again due to the numerous wars, epidemics and famine. During the Thirty Years' War it fell to 7,000 in 1648. Before the war it was 12,000. With the onset of industrialization in the 19th century, population growth accelerated. In 1811 17,000 people lived in the city, in 1900 there were already 42,000.

By 1939 the population had increased to 59,000. Shortly after the Second World War , the large number of refugees and displaced persons from the eastern German areas brought the city an increase of 16,000 to 75,000 inhabitants in December 1945 within a few months. By June 1972 it fell again to 69,000. Incorporation on July 1, 1972 brought an increase of 7,207 to over 76,000 inhabitants. On June 30, 2006, the official population for Bamberg was 70,063 according to an update by the Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices). The population has grown annually since 2009 and reached a new all-time high on December 31, 2018 with 77,592 inhabitants.

The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. Until 1811 it is mostly estimates, then census results (¹) or official updates from the State Statistical Office. From 1871 the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the population at the place of the main residence. Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey procedures.

was standing Residents
1599 11,500
1618 12,000
1648 7,000
1795 16,000
1811 17,095
June 1, 1830¹ 18,600
December 1, 1840 ¹ 20,900
December 3, 1852 ¹ 20,594
December 3, 1855 ¹ 22,391
December 3, 1858 ¹ 23,456
December 3, 1861 ¹ 23,500
December 3, 1864¹ 25,200
December 3, 1867 ¹ 26,100
December 1, 1871 ¹ 25,700
December 1, 1875 ¹ 26,951
December 1, 1880¹ 29,587
December 1, 1885 ¹ 31,500
was standing Residents
December 1, 1890¹ 35,815
December 2, 1895 ¹ 38,940
December 1, 1900 ¹ 41,823
December 1, 1905 ¹ 45,483
December 1, 1910¹ 48,063
December 1, 1916 ¹ 40,344
December 5, 1917 ¹ 41,395
October 8, 1919 ¹ 49.179
June 16, 1925 ¹ 50,152
June 16, 1933 ¹ 54.161
May 17, 1939 ¹ 59,466
December 31, 1945 75.193
October 29, 1946 ¹ 74,733
September 13, 1950 ¹ 76.180
September 25, 1956 ¹ 75.116
June 6, 1961 ¹ 74.115
December 31, 1965 72,869
was standing Residents
May 27, 1970 ¹ 70,581
December 31, 1975 74,236
December 31, 1980 71,928
December 31, 1985 69,920
May 25, 1987 ¹ 69,100
December 31, 1990 70,521
December 31, 1995 69,652
December 31, 2000 69,036
June 30, 2005 69,934
June 30, 2006¹ 70.063
December 31, 2006 69,574
December 31, 2007 69,884
December 31, 2008 69,989
December 31, 2009 69,827
December 31, 2010 70.004
December 31, 2011 70.084
December 31, 2012 70,863
was standing Residents
December 31 2013 71.167
December 31, 2014² 72.194
December 31, 2015³ 73,331
December 31, 2016 75,743
December 31, 2017 77.179
December 31, 2018 77,592

A¹ census result A² Bamberg beats Bayreuth A³ Refugees and university: Bamberg's population increases A⁴ Bamberg city administration


Allocation of seats in the city council
(as of 2020 election)
A total of 44 seats

The mayor also belongs to the SPD parliamentary group.

City council

The local elections on March 15, 2020 in Bamberg led to the following result:

City council election 2020
Turnout: 55.5% (2014: 44.39%)
Otherwise. i
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
Otherwise. i
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
i BuB: 2.9% (−4.23%); FDP : 2.8% (−0.24%); PARTY : 2.3% (+ 2.3%); ÖDP : 2.2% (+ 2.2%); Volts : 2.1% (+ 2.1%); BM: 1.3% (+1.3%)
The distribution of seats in the city council since 1946
City council election March 15, 2020 March 16, 2014 March 2, 2008 March 3, 2002 March 10, 1996 March 18, 1990 March 18, 1984 March 5th 1978 June 11, 1972 March 13, 1966 March 27, 1960 March 18, 1956 March 30, 1952 May 30, 1948 May 26, 1946 1
Green Bamberg (GREEN) 2 12 8th 7th 6th 5 4th 3 - - - - - - - -
Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) 10 12 15th 19th 19th 20th 25th 26th 22nd 21st 18th 15th 15th 15th 28
Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 7 6 10 10 9 9 13 13 13 18th 17th 15th 14th 8th 7th 9
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Bamberg Citizens' Block (BBB) 2 4th 5 4th 1 - - - - - - - - - -
Bamberg Alliance (BA) 3 2 1 2 1 1 - - - - - - - - - -
Bamberg Left List (BaLi) 2 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Free voters (FW) 4 1 4th 3 3 6th 2 2 3 2 - - - - - -
Bamberg's independent citizens (BuB) 1 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 5 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 3
Party for Labor, Rule of Law, Animal Welfare, Promotion of Elites and grassroots initiative (Die PARTTEI) 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP) 1 - - - 1 1 - - - - - - - - -
volt 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Bamberg's center (BM) 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
The Republicans (REP) - - 1 1 1 2 - - - - - - - - -
Bavarian Party (BP) - - - - - - - - - 1 2 5 7th 12 -
Federation of Expellees and Disenfranchised (BHE) - - - - - - - - - 1 3 3 5 - -
Free list - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 3 - -
German Reich Party (DRP) - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 - - -
The German block - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - -
List of refugees, deportees and war victims (ÜFAK) - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4th -
Economic Development Association (WAV) - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 -
Communist Party of Germany (KPD) - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
total 6 44 44 44 44 44 44 44 44 44 42 42 42 42 42 41
1 Originally only 30 seats were awarded, which were distributed as follows: CSU 21, SPD 7, FDP 1 and KPD 0. Due to a decree by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, the number of seats was increased to 41.
2 Green Alternative List (GAL) by 2020
3 to 2020 Bamberg Realists (BR)
4 to 2003 non-partisan citizens' community (ÜBG)
5 1972 and 1978 FDP / Free Voters-Bamberger List ; 1984 FDP / Free Citizens ; 1996 FDP and Free Citizens
6 The number here only includes the elected councilors. The city council also includes the mayor.
The other distribution of seats is based on the official final result and does not take into account any changes in the parliamentary group's borders.

Lord Mayor

2nd Mayor

3. Mayor

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the independent city of Bamberg
Blazon : “In red a standing knight in silver armor with a red cross on his chest and a silver long sword on his belt; in the right a lance with a silver flag, on it a red cross, the left leaning on a blue shield with a silver eagle. "
Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms in the form of a seal was mentioned for the first time in 1279. It shows Saint George presenting the shield and flag .

Town twinning

The city of Bamberg maintains partnerships with the following cities:

Flag of France.svg Rodez ( France )
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Bedford ( United Kingdom )
HungaryHungary Esztergom ( Hungary )
Flag of Austria.svg Feldkirchen in Carinthia ( Austria )
Flag of Austria.svg Villach ( Austria )
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Prague 1 ( Czech Republic )

Also Kirchdorf an der Krems in Austria, Malborghetto , Montelabbate (both in Italy), Nagaoka ( Japan ), Posen in Poland, Qufu in China, Tarvisio in Italy and Wolfsberg in Austria are "friendly cities".

Sponsored city

In 1958, the city of Bamberg took over the sponsorship of the Sudeten Germans from the area around the Czech city ​​of Opava, who were expelled from their homeland due to the Beneš decrees . Also Baunach and Hall city in Bavaria Pate cities.

Culture and sights

Theater and cabaret

  • Anonymous impronikers: The improvisation theater group was founded in 1992 by Bamberg cabaret artist Mäc Härder and has since performed regularly in and around Bamberg. It is particularly well-known for the annual "Impro Marathon" that has recently taken place as part of the Bamberg zaubert festival.
  • Bamberg Marionette Theater : In 1962, Klaus Loose from Oldenburg set up a puppet theater for adults in Bamberg, which he handed over to the city of Bamberg in 2002.
  • Bamberg is magical : It took place for the first time in 1999 and since then has been one of the largest free street and cabaret festivals in Germany
  • Brentano Theater
  • Chapeau Claque
    The children's and youth theater "Chapeau Claque" has been active since 1990 and has participated successfully in the Bavarian Theater Days several times . In addition to the staging of plays for children on the in-house stage in Grafensteinstrasse and at striking outdoor venues (Altenburg, Michelsberg Monastery, Hain, etc.), the association primarily makes its presence felt through mobile educational offers such as school workshops or the “Spielmobil”
  • egon (it goes without a name): The student theater group of the youth culture meeting Immer Hin has been active since 2002 and is Bamberg's oldest voluntary theater group. The group stages several plays a year and plays with free admission.
  • Ensemble satirium
  • ETA-Hoffmann-Theater In
    1803, today's municipal theater was created from the highly esteemed theater
  • Cabaret The ER workers
  • Puppenbühne Herrnleben Bamberg with the Bamberger Kasperl In
    1945 folk actor Hans Herrnleben and his wife Ottilie Herrnleben founded the Bamberg Puppenbühne Bamberger Kasperl.
  • Theater am Michelsberg (formerly Galli- Theater)
  • Theater der Schatten founded in 1984 by Norbert Götz. It has two permanent venues in Bamberg, the Katharinenkapelle in the old court and the New Palace in Luitpoldstrasse
  • Theater im Gärtnerviertel (TiG)
    The theater in the Gärtnerviertel, or TiG for short, is a free theater for the district, the city and the surrounding area, which is based on the artistic creativity and cultural commitment of the citizens of the Gärtnerviertel.
  • WildWuchs Theater, founded in 2010 with a permanent venue in the Palais Schrottenberg and changing venues in the city.
  • Summer opera : opera and orchestra workshop for young artists


New residence from the cathedral square

Archives and Libraries

  • Bamberg State Library , Domplatz 8
  • Bamberg State Archives , Hainstrasse 37
  • Bamberg City Library, Obere Königstraße 4a
  • The Bamberg City Archive, Untere Sandstrasse 30 A, has documents on Bamberg's history and administration from the 13th century. Documents can be viewed in a small reading room.
  • University library of the Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg


Concert and congress hall of the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra

Contemporary Arts


Old town of Bamberg
UNESCO world heritage UNESCO World Heritage Emblem
National territory: GermanyGermany Germany
Type: Culture
Criteria : (ii) (iv)
Reference No .: 624
UNESCO region : Europe and North America
History of enrollment
Enrollment: 1993  (session 17)

Like Rome, Bamberg was built on seven hills (Stephansberg, Kaulberg, Domberg, Michaelsberg, Jakobsberg, Altenburg, Abtsberg) and is therefore sometimes referred to as Franconian Rome .

Since Bamberg was largely spared from bombing during the Second World War, the old town still offers the almost unchanged image of the original threefold division into a spiritual mountain town (in the vicinity of the Imperial Cathedral ), a bourgeois island town (between the two arms of the Regnitz river ) and the gardening town. Towered over by the cathedral, the city is a listed ensemble between medieval and baroque architecture.

In 1993 the old town was included in the list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO . The reasoning states that Bamberg represents in a unique way the central European city developed on a basic structure of the early Middle Ages. The area included in the UNESCO World Heritage List comprises the three historic city centers of mountain, island and gardening cities with a total area of ​​around 140 hectares.

The German 100 euro commemorative gold coin from the year 2004 from the UNESCO World Heritage series shows a historical view of the city.

Extensive activities in the field of monument preservation have resulted in a good state of restoration. In July 2005, the city of Bamberg set up its own World Heritage Documentation Center as a coordination and contact point for all matters relating to UNESCO World Heritage.

The cross over Bamberg

The cross over Bamberg on an OSM map

The location of some Bamberg churches forms an imaginary cross. The longitudinal bar consists of the churches of St. Jakob , Dom , St. Martin and St. Gangolf , the transverse bar consists of St. Stephan , Obere Pfarre , Dom and St. Michael . The latter four churches are also known as the so-called Vierkirchenblick. The center of this cross is a column inlaid in 1777, which was named Tattermannsäule . In its place, on the millennium anniversary of the Bamberg diocese in 2007, an “underground” memorial was created by an artist from Israel - with family roots in Bamberg.

The church of St. Jacob, which is a little outside the crossbar, is interpreted as the bowed head of Christ.

Another imaginary cross forms the floor plan of the cathedral; the lowered head of Christ is symbolized by a vertex outside the line in the west choir of the cathedral.

World heritage and its architectural monuments

UNESCO World Heritage Award for Bamberg's old town in the old town hall

The city ​​of Bamberg, which was included in the list of world cultural and natural heritage of mankind in 1993, has over 1200 monuments in the core city .

Churches and monasteries

Catholic churches
Prince portal of the cathedral
Sankt Gangolf (former monastery), Bamberg's oldest church
Catholic parish church St. Heinrich in Bamberg-Ost
  • St. Peter and St. Georg, Bamberg Cathedral , (rebuilt approx. 1190–1237), with Bamberg rider ; Burial place of the canonized imperial couple Heinrich II. And Kunigunde, by King Konrad III. and Pope Clement II , also Bishop Suitger of Bamberg. Burial church of the Bamberg bishops
  • St. Jakob (1073–1109), the interior was modeled on the cathedral, later Gothic and Baroque changes were added
  • Our Lady, Upper Parish , Gothic parish church with the painting of the Assumption of Mary by Jacopo Tintoretto
  • St. Gangolf , church of a former monastery with the oldest structure of the Bamberg churches. Preserved cloister.
  • St. Martin (1686–1691), formerly the Jesuit church dedicated to the Most Holy Name of Jesus, the work of the Dientzenhofer brothers
  • St. Josef, in the Haingebiet (branch church of St. Martin)
  • St. Theodor, Carmelite Monastery on Kaulberg , Carmelite cloister, cloister of the former Cistercian abbey. Grave of Brother Alois Ehrlich, who died in the name of holiness
  • Institute church, Holy Trinity , with the monastery of the English Misses , with an attached boarding school and school.
  • Holy Sepulcher Church with Dominican Convent . The burial place of the lay sister Columba Schonath, who died in the name of holiness
  • St. Michael is the grave church of the eighth bishop of Bamberg Otto I .; because of his mission trips to Pomerania in 1124 and 1127 he was nicknamed the Apostle of Pomerania. According to his wishes, he was buried in this church. He was canonized in 1189. The church also houses the grave monuments that were removed during the purification of the cathedral. In the buildings of the former Benedictine monastery there is the Citizens Hospital for the elderly and the Franconian Brewery Museum
  • St. Getreu , also St. Fides, founded by Bishop Otto in 1123. The nave was rebuilt in 1652 and an elongated choir was added there in 1733. The provost building was probably built at the same time. A sanatorium and nursing home was established there in 1804.
  • Maria Hilf, in the district of Wunderburg
  • St. Wolfgang, in the Gereuth / Wunderburg district (subsidiary church of Maria Hilf)
  • St. Otto, inaugurated in 1913.
  • St. Sebastiani Chapel, in the Gaustadt district, building from the 16th century
  • Gönningerkapelle , actually Marienkapelle, which was built by the citizen Gönninger in the 18th century
  • Laurenzi Chapel, Antoni-Siechhof chapel, destroyed by an air raid on February 22, 1945, new building from 1954.
  • St. Kunigund , in the Gartenstadt district; Laying of the foundation stone and its blessing on All Saints Day, November 1st, 1952. The topping-out ceremony was celebrated on July 18th, 1953. Archbishop Josef Otto Kolb consecrated the church on 10/11. October 1953
  • St. Heinrich , laying of the foundation stone in 1927, inauguration in 1929. Construction of a new belfry in 1956
  • St. Anna , laying of the foundation stone 1978, inauguration 1979
  • St. Urban, in the south-west / Babenbergerring district (branch church of Our Lady)
  • St. Elisabeth, in the sandy area
  • Holy Trinity, in the Bug district (branch church of Our Lady)
  • St. Josef, in the Gaustadt district
  • St. Joseph, in the Wildensorg district (branch church of St. Peter and St. Georg)
  • Chapel at the ETA Hoffmann-Gymnasium
  • Chapel of the education center for the hearing impaired and speech impaired
  • Chapel at the Theresianum
Interfaith prayer rooms
Protestant churches
  • St. Stephan , originally consecrated as a Catholic church in 1020 by Pope Benedict VIII , since 1808 Bamberg's first Protestant church
  • Erlöserkirche , consecrated in 1934, destroyed in an air raid on February 22, 1945, rebuilt in 1950.
Former Christ Church of the Baptists
  • Church of the Resurrection
  • Philip Church
  • Matthew Church
Evangelical Free Churches
  • Former Marienkapelle , built on the foundations of the first synagogue in Bamberg, later the Christ Church of the Evangelical Free Church Baptist Congregation
  • Free Protestant Parish Bamberg in Hartmannstrasse
  • Bamberg City Mission in Egelseestrasse
  • Jesus parish Bamberg in the Hohmannstrasse
  • Selimiye Mosque of the DITIB in Coburger Strasse
  • Merkezefendi Camii of the VIKZ in Jäckstrasse
  • German-Arab mosque on Pödeldorfer Strasse
  • First synagogue, confiscated approx. 1470–1478 by the then Prince-Bishop, reconstruction on the foundation walls of the synagogue in Marienkapelle , 1951–2008 Christ Church of the Baptist Congregation
  • Second synagogue, Hellerstraße , a mikveh (Jewish ritual bath) was discovered in the course of the living on the city wall project
  • Third and fourth synagogues, Zinkenwörth 1 , inaugurated around 1660. Reconstruction / new building on the same site in 1853. After the community moved to the fifth synagogue, profaned and sold. Synagogue (dilapidated) was demolished in 1984 in favor of the Theatergassen housing project. Reminder by plaque at the level of the former entrance to the synagogue. The sandstone archway and door are now in the seventh synagogue.
  • Fifth Synagogue, Herzog-Max-Straße , there is a memorial stone to commemorate its former appearance
  • Sixth Synagogue, Willy-Lessing-Straße 7, prayer hall and community center from 1951 (renovation 1963) to 2005; no memory available, today there is an office of the people's welfare, district directorate Bamberg
  • The seventh or the new synagogue was inaugurated on June 1, 2005 by the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde . It is located at Willy-Lessing-Straße 7 a.

Secularized and profane ecclesiastical institutions

  • The Johanneskapelle on the upper Stephansberg, profaned, is considered the baptistery of the Bamberg area. Today it is owned by the Pro Capella association and is to be used for art exhibitions, among other things.
  • Maternkapelle
  • Katharinen Chapel in the old court
  • Dominican monastery with Dominican church St. Christoph. For many decades after 1945, the church was the home of the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra . It is now the university auditorium . After the secularization, the monastery buildings served as barracks and later as apartments. Today there is the seat of the state building authority .
  • Franciscan monastery Bamberg , also called Barfüßer monastery or Schrannenkloster, with the church of St. Anna , which was demolished. After the reconstruction of the Schranne 3 office building that emerged from the monastery, the Bamberg land surveying office has been located there (since 1993) .

Government building

View of the left Regnitz arm

City quarters of foreign monasteries

  • Obere Karolinenstrasse 8, Langheimer Hof. City quarter of the Cistercian monasteries Ebrach (1127), Langheim and Heilsbronn (1132); from 1274, Langheim Abbey was the sole owner.
  • Unterer Kaulberg 4, Neuer Ebracher Hof , actually the first independent seat of the Ebrach monastery since 1200 - was built in 1764/65 by the Bamberg city mason master Martin Mayer and is the first house of the Ebrach monastery in Bamberg.
  • Vorderer Bach 5, Alter Ebracher Hof . The previous Haus zum Esel was acquired by the Ebrach monastery in 1560 and rebuilt in 1679 as the Ebracher Hof by the builder Andreas Kestler from Zeil - as the second house of the Ebrach monastery in Bamberg. A first Ebracher Hof on Kaulberg was mentioned as early as 1200.

The canons courts

  • Cathedral Square 1 (Curia Sti. Hippolyti)
  • Cathedral Square 2 (Curia Stm. Sebastiani et Fabiani)
  • Cathedral Square 3 (Curia St. Laurentii)
  • Cathedral Square 4
  • Domstrasse 2 (Curia Sti. Basii)
  • Domstrasse 3 (Curia Stm. Mariae et Chunegundis)
  • Domstrasse 5, (Curia St. Lamperti)
  • Domstrasse 7, (Curia Stae.Elisabethae)
  • Domstrasse 9, (Curia Stm. Johannis et Pauli)
  • Domstrasse 11
  • Obere Karolinenstrasse 1 (Curia Schönborniana)
  • Obere Karolinenstrasse 2
  • Obere Karolinenstraße 4 (Curia Stm. Philipp et Jacobi)
  • Obere Karolinenstrasse 5 (Curia Sti. Pauli), now the Archbishop's Palace
  • Obere Karolinenstraße 6 (Curia Sti. Sebastiani)

Courts of the canons in the immunities

The immunities were spiritual free or special districts of the monasteries with walls and their own lower jurisdiction, in which almost half of the Bamberg population lived from the 12th century.

  • Immunity St. Gangolf:
Gangolfsplatz 2, (Chorherrenhof “Zum Zuckmantel”); Gangolfsplatz 3 a, (Chorherrenhof “Zur Steinene Kemmeten”); Gangolfsplatz 4, (Chorherrenhof "Schindelhof")
Obere Koenigstrasse 42, (Chorherrenhof “Scheckethof”); Obere Königstraße 46, (canon courtyard “Kleines Höflein”); Obere Königstrasse 50, (Canons' Courtyard “Zur Weinrebe”); Obere Königstraße 53, (canon courtyard "Schwanenhof")
Theuerstadt 5, (Chorherrenhof “Salerei”).
  • Immunity St. Stephan:
Eisgrube 8 (Kraftoni Curia), Eisgrube 10, Eisgrube 12, Eisgrube 14 (Curia Braunwardi Coquinarii); Eisgrube 16 (Aufsees Curia); Eisgrube 18 (Ottnandi Curia); Ice pit 20 (Leupoldi Curia)
Upper Stephansberg 1 (Curia apud salices); Upper Stephansberg 2 (Curia Libhardi); Upper Stephansberg 3 (Hugonis Curia); Upper Stephansberg 4 (Popponis Curia); Oberer Stephansberg 5 (Curia Guntheri), Oberer Stephansberg 7 (Curia iuxta capellam)
Stephansplatz 1 (Curia Habitatio Stae. Chunegundis); Stephansplatz 3 (Curia Volkmari)

Palaces and profane buildings

Blue house with Kunigunden statue on the lower bridge


  • On the municipal cemetery in Hallstadter Straße, which was expanded from 1817 to 1822, is the grave with the memorial to the resistance fighter of the Catholic Action Hans Wölfel , who was murdered in Görden in 1944 . Near the cemetery of honor for killed Wehrmacht soldiers is a grave for 52 foreign forced laborers who were deported to Germany during World War II and who perished in forced labor. A memorial stone only describes them as war dead, not as victims of Nazi tyranny .
  • Portico from 1822 in the first section of the main cemetery. In the portico there are u. a. the graves of the families of Michel-Raulino and Messerschmitt .
  • The burial place of the Boveri family is located in the second section of the main cemetery .
  • In addition to the main cemetery and the 1851 opened is the cemetery of the Jewish community Bamberg with a 1885 to 1890 built Taharahaus . A memorial stone on the site commemorates the Jewish victims of persecution during the Nazi era and their destruction in the Shoah . “Renewed barbaric desecration of the Jewish cemetery in Bamberg” - this is the title of a picture in June 1965. The reader also learns: “It was in Bamberg at the beginning of June 1965 before a memorial stone was unveiled in Bamberg for the synagogue that was burned down by the Nazis in 1938 to cause anti-Semitic rioting that suggest an organized approach. "
  • There are further cemeteries in the districts of Bug, Gaustadt and Wildensorg.

Public fountain

Humsera as a fountain figure
  • Fountain opposite the hospital, Untere Sandstrasse
  • Concordiabrunnen, Rococo fountain from 1777, Concordiastraße
  • Düthornsbrunnen, also Adlerbrunnen, Obere Brücke
  • Franziskus-Brunnen , Obere Sandstrasse
  • Gabelmann , baroque Neptune Fountain from 1698, Grüner Markt
  • Grünhundsbrunnen
  • Carmelite Fountain, at the end of the Lower Kaulberg
  • Leschenbrunnen, Lugbank
  • Maienbrunnen
  • Marienbrunnen at the Maienbrunnen
  • Maximiliansbrunnen from 1880 on Maximiliansplatz
  • Otto Fountain, Am Ottobrunnen, below St. Getreu
  • Merkur-Brunnen, baroque fountain from 1698, Michelsberg in the cloister courtyard

Religious monuments

  • The Way of the Cross between St. Elisabethenkapelle and the Church of St. Getreu, the oldest completely preserved Way of the Cross in Germany
  • Crucifixion Groups: Upper Bridge ; Würzburger Strasse ; at the Altenburg
  • Statues
    • Empress Kunigunda on the Lower Bridge
    • St. Nepomuk in the grove; on the Upper Bridge; at the junction Unterer Kaulberg / Pfarrgasse; at the choir of the upper parish
    • St. Christopher in the grove
    • Saint Otto, Bishop of Bamberg: Heinrichsdamm 32; Jackstrasse; Ottoplatz; Ottostrasse; Siechenstrasse
    • St. Sebastian: Memorial from 1765 for the plague he survived in Moscow, created by Johann Bonaventura Mutschelle as thanks; in Bamberg-Theuerstadt
  • Torture , land monuments
    • Bäckermarter, Egelseestrasse
    • Rotenhan-Marter, Schweinfurter Strasse
    • Luthermarter, Würzburger Strasse
    • Metzgermarter, on the Upper Leinritt

Monuments, memorial plaques and sculpture path

Staufer stele in front of the former Langheimer Hof
Lying woman with fruit by Fernando Botero as part of the sculpture path

Destroyed structures

  • The Drudenhaus , built in today's Franz-Ludwig-Strasse for the purpose of witch hunts and the embarrassing questioning in 1627, lost its function after the invasion of the Swedish troops and was demolished after 1635, the stones were reused in 1654 for the construction of the Capuchin monastery.
  • The St. Nicholas Chapel, which was located on the southeast corner of Maxplatz and formerly adjoined the cemetery wall, was demolished in 1737 as part of the construction of the Katharinenspital and the seminary (today: New Town Hall).
  • The St. Katharinen Chapel at the Upper Parish , which protrudes far into the current course of the road on the Lower Kaulberg , was demolished in 1762 to widen the Kaulberg. Only the altarpiece Martyrdom of St. Catherine, which hangs today in the ambulatory of the Upper Parish, has survived from the interior.
  • The Seesbrücke with its rich baroque furnishings was destroyed by the flood of February 2, 1784.
  • The St. Anna Church , the Franciscan monastery church on the Schranne (1810/11). The church, built in the 13th century, received a new choir in the 14th century. The church was the burial place of important Bamberg citizens. From the inventory, the cross altar and the grave slab of the auxiliary bishop Inzelerius have been preserved, which became the property of the Bavarian National Museum in Munich (Reider collection). Six pictures of the life of Mary and the grave epitaph of the Schnappauf siblings were transferred to the upper parish. The Way of the Cross is located in the parish church in Hallerndorf .
  • The city fortifications with walls and city and gate towers from around 1803.
  • Alt St. Martin on Maxplatz (1805), this church was first mentioned in 1250 and demolished in 1806 in the course of secularization. When an underground car park was built in 1968, two previous buildings were discovered: a smaller Romanesque church and a chapel with a rectangular choir. This type was common between the 9th and 12th centuries. Of the furnishings, the miraculous image of this church, a Pietà , has been taken over into the new Martinskirche.
  • The secularized St. Gertrauden Chapel, in which the workshop of the sculptor Bernhard Kamm was located, was demolished in 1863 for the construction of Luitpoldstrasse .
  • The Capuchin monastery in Kapuzinerstraße, which was moved into in 1626, was set up as a monastery for the monks to die out after secularization. In 1880 the existing structure was demolished in favor of today's Clavius ​​grammar school .
  • Barracks of the Bamberg Monastery: The barracks on the west side of Schönleinsplatz between Lange Straße and Zinkenwörth, built in 1698, were demolished in 1896 in favor of the Bamberger Hof Hotel, the Bavarian State Bank and a residential building. The only remnant is the Mars fountain, which stood in the courtyard of the barracks.
  • The Poor Clare Monastery was used as a barracks after secularization and then fell into disrepair. The monastery church was demolished in 1938. The former monastery buildings still in existence were demolished in the mid-1950s. The administrative building of the land consolidation office Bamberg (today the Directorate for Rural Development) was erected at this point .
  • Fifth Synagogue , Herzog-Max-Strasse (1938)
  • Alte Maut: Grüner Markt, an old administrative building with a high Renaissance gable, fell victim to an air raid on February 22, 1945, as did the surrounding houses.
  • Rothof: This baroque estate, located on a foothill of the Michaelsberg Forest opposite the Altenburg, a Bamberg landmark, was built around 1720 by a member of the Böttinger family and demolished in 1964.
  • Pfahlplätze 5, the house to the Marienbild named after a depiction of Mary, verifiable since the 17th century, was probably the oldest residential building in Bamberg from the 14th century. It was demolished with the neighboring property Unterer Kaulberg 1 at the beginning of 1968. The demolition of this property was the reason for the establishment of the Alt-Bamberg Protection Association, an association for the preservation of the old town.
  • Unterer Kaulberg 1: House of the painter Paul Lautensack , demolished in 1968
  • Third and fourth synagogue , Generalsgasse 15 (1983)
  • Städtische Altane, a well-known commercial building from 1726, almost completely destroyed in an air raid on February 22, 1945. The remains were later removed.

Catacombs, rock cellars and sand tunnels

In the Bamberg mountain area there is a rather extensive system of catacombs and rock cellars , some of which date back to the Middle Ages. During the plague and cholera epidemics in the 13th and 14th centuries, some tunnels were also used as graves. A rock chapel, the Holy Hole, was built under the Lerchenbühl around 1500 . Usually, however, laid out as a cool but frost-protected storage cellar for food and drinks, especially wine and beer, under the Kaulberg as a sand mining tunnel for the extraction of scouring sand, they served various purposes over the course of time (refuge rooms during armed conflicts, meeting places, prison, Drinking water supply, relocation of industrial production facilities during the Second World War). Today, some of the tunnels serve as storage rooms, civil defense rooms and as a tourist attraction of the city. Driving into the tunnels under the Stephansberg is therefore possible and is organized by the city of Bamberg.

Parks and recreation facilities

St. Michael (former monastery) from the rose garden of the Neue Residenz
Rose garden of the new residence with figures


The basketball club Brose Bamberg became German basketball champions in 2005 (as GHP Bamberg), 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016 (as Brose Baskets) and 2017, in 1993 (as TTL Bamberg), 2003 (as TSK uniVersa Bamberg) and 2004 (as GHP Bamberg) runner-up and 1992 (as TTL Bamberg) as well as 2010, 2011, 2012 (as Brose Baskets), 2017 and 2019 German cup winners. Due to the fanatical supporters of the club and the broad enthusiasm within the relatively small city, Bamberg is known among German basketball fans as the "Freak City".

The most successful football club (historically) is FC Eintracht Bamberg , whose predecessor club 1. FC Eintracht Bamberg was created in 2006 from the merger of 1. FC 01 Bamberg and TSV Eintracht Bamberg. After two years in the Bayern League , the club rose to the Regionalliga Süd in 2008 . In 2010 FC Eintracht Bamberg took the place of the insolvent 1. FC Eintracht Bamberg, but in 2016 they also had to file for bankruptcy. In 2019-21 you play in the Bayernliga Nord. The most successful period of the previous club 1. FC 01 Bamberg, however, was in the 1950s. Between 1990 and 1993, the second oldest football club SC 08 Bamberg also achieved some notable successes (Bayernliga and the round of 16 in the DFB Cup 1991/92 ). In addition, the DJK Don Bosco Bamberg represents Bamberg 's football sport in the Bayernliga Nord.

The first men's team of SKC 1947 Victoria Bamberg is nine times German bowling champion , six times cup winner of the DKBC, three times Champions League winner, five times European cup winner and four times world cup winner. The first women's team of SKC Victoria is nine times German champions, five times cup winners of the DKBC, once European cup winners, five times Champions League winners and four times world cup winners.

The chess players from SC 1868 Bamberg were three times German champions (1966, 1976, 1977) and once German cup winners (1983/84).

The underwater rugby team of TC Bamberg (diving club) was German vice-champion in 2004, was German champion twelve times in a row from 2007 to 2018 and also vice- champions-cup winner in underwater rugby in 2008, 2011, 2013 and 2016 .

The bridge club "Bamberger Reiter" won the team Bundesliga in 2019 after 1994, 1998, 2003, 2006–2010 and 2013–2016 and, after Bamberg3's promotion to the 3rd Bundesliga, will be represented with two national teams for the first time from 2020. Further successes: German team champion 2005, 2006 and 2008, winner of the European Champions Cup of national champions 2006 (victory on October 15, 2006 in Rome; 2007: 3rd place; 2008: 4th place and 2009 2nd place). In 2008 Bamberg presented the German senior champions with Wilhelm Gromöller. With 3rd place at the European Championships in 2008, where Bamberg provided the German national team, the team was the first German men's team to qualify for the 2009 World Championships and took 3rd place in the Transnations Cup.

Sabine Auken (née Zenkel) is 3 times world champion, 2 times vice world champion and has been among the best women players in the world for many years.

In 2017, Sabine Auken, a native of Bamberg, played again for the world championship. The Bamberg Club is the most successful German bridge club in recent years.

Since the 2009/2010 season, VC Franken has been at home in Bamberg with a men's volleyball team. The home games of the club, which plays in the men's German volleyball league and also takes part in the DVV Cup , take place in the Stechert Arena .

The Aero-Club Bamberg flies at the Bamberg-Breitenau airfield and has been in the German gliding league since 2012 . In 2019, the club's glider pilot Maximilian Dorsch and the German team won the team ranking of the Junior Gliding World Championship in Szeged , Hungary .

Regular events

  • January: Bamberg Short Film Festival
  • February: Bamberg Literature Festival
  • March: Bamberg Klezmer Days in the Haas Halls
  • May: World Heritage Run (every two years since 2003)
  • May – June: Bamberg Whitsun Cup (one of Germany's largest basketball tournaments)
  • May – June: Contact - Das Kulturfestival (four-day, free art and culture festival AStA Bamberg e.V.)
  • June: Bamberg Wine Festival at Maxplatz
  • June: Hegel Week
  • June: Days of Early Music (every 2 years. Organizer Musica Canterey Bamberg e.V.)
  • June: Days of New Music Bamberg (every 2 years. Organizer Neue Musik in Bamberg eV)
  • June: Bamberg Beer Days (reintroduced in 2008 after a 20-year break)
  • June – July: Bamberg Summer Nights (symphonic music in the Kaiserdom and in the concert and congress hall)
  • End of June / July: Calderón Festival (open-air performances by the ETA Hoffmann Theater), old court
  • July: Old town festival of the Otto Friedrich University on the first Friday in July
  • July: Bamberg conjures up. on the 3rd weekend in July, cabaret festival in the old town, on Saturday the improv marathon
  • July / August: Bamberg Antiques Week
  • July – September: rose garden serenades
  • August: Sandkirchweih ( Franconian: Sandkerwa )
  • August: Blues & Jazz Festival
  • October 3: Antique market
  • 1st Advent – ​​6. January: Bamberg Nativity Path and Christmas Market at Maxplatz
  • Every even year: Presentation of the E. T. A. Hoffmann Prize (Literature Prize)
  • Every two to three years: Awarding of the Volker Hinniger Prize (art prize)

Culinary specialties

Bamberg's specialties are the Bamberg Hörnla , which is used to describe both a croissant- like pastry and a variety of potatoes . Another specialty is the Zwätschgabaamäs , (translated as “plum tree ”), an air-dried beef ham that owes its name to the smoking process with plum wood. The city of Bamberg is also known for the Franconian Schäuferla as well as for its beer tradition and smoked beer .

Licorice has been grown in Bamberg since the early sixteenth century . Today Bamberg is the only place in Northern Europe where this plant is still cultivated. This tradition is maintained by the Bamberg Licorice Society, which supports the Bamberg gardeners with cultivation.

Economy and Infrastructure


In 2016 Bamberg achieved a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 4.462 billion within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 59,859 (Bavaria: € 44,215 / Germany € 38,180) and thus well above the regional and national average. In 2017 there were around 75,200 gainfully employed people in the city. The unemployment rate in December 2018 was 3.7% and thus above the Bavarian average of 2.7%, but below the national average. In the neighboring district of Bamberg, the unemployment rate was 2.0%.

In the Future Atlas 2016, the city of Bamberg was ranked 32nd out of 402 districts, municipal associations and cities in Germany, making it one of the places with "very high future opportunities".

In 2014 there were around 50,253 (as of June 30, 2014) employees in Bamberg who were subject to social security contributions. The most important industrial sector is the automotive supply industry, followed by electrical engineering and the food industry. At the end of May 2014, the automotive supplier Brose Fahrzeugteile started construction of an office building with a social wing in Bamberg and aims to create a total of 600 jobs by March 2016. The traditional industry of vegetable gardeners, which has shaped the city for centuries from its beginnings, is still there. In addition, tourism plays an important role in the city's economy. In addition, there are numerous small and medium-sized companies in other industries in Bamberg . Another special feature is the tradition of organ building , which has been cultivated for centuries and is currently being continued by the master craftsman Thomas Eichfelder .

The most important commercial employers in the city, each with more than 400 employees, are:

Water supply

The city's water supply was previously secured by wells. Most of these were wells on private property, of which there were around 300. Furthermore, public wells, built and maintained by the public sector, supplied the city with water. In addition, there was already a kind of long-distance water supply with pipes from wells in the area , which was mainly used by church and monastic institutions.

The expansion of an urban pipe network began in the last quarter of the 19th century. Bamberg has been connected to the Upper Franconian long-distance water supply (FWO) - in addition to its own water well - since the 1970s. Since the spring of 1975 this has been feeding water from the Ködeltalsperre into the municipal water supply network.

Since 2003, long-distance water supply has been provided exclusively by the water supply association for the Franconian economic area (WFW). The water is delivered from the transfer container in Hüttendorf (City of Erlangen) to the city network of Bamberg.


Postcard commemorating the Beer War in 1907

The city is part of the Franconia region on the border between wine and beer Franconia . The smoked beer is a specialty . Formerly of 68 historic breweries there are eight breweries with a long tradition in Bamberg: Brewery Mahr , Brewery Fässla , brewery Schlenkerla , Brauerei Spezial , Klosterbrau Bamberg , Brewery Greifenklau , brewery Keesmann and the Kaiserdom brewery in the formerly independent district Gaustadt . An inn brewery, the Ambräusianum , the roasted malt beer brewery and the experimental brewery of the Weyermann malt house opened in 2004. The Maisel brewery existed until 2008 . Since 2016 there has been another pub brewery in Gaustadt, the “Crown Prince”. In 2019 the restaurant "Zum Sternla" also started its own brewery. There is also the small, customs-approved brewery Robesbierre, which does not sell beer.

In 1907 there was the so-called Bamberg Beer War , in which a boycott of the population forced the breweries to reverse the increase in beer prices from ten to eleven pfennigs.


Waterways, highways and railroad tracks

Bamberg is integrated into the transport network with an inland port on the Main-Danube Canal ( Regnitz ), two motorways (A 70 / E48 and A 73) and a train station . The city also has a special airfield for airplanes (ICAO identifier: EDQA). On January 1, 2010, the city joined the transport association for the greater Nuremberg area .

Local public transport (ÖPNV)

Bamberg, northern terminus of the S1 S-Bahn line of the Greater Nuremberg Transport Association (VGN)
S-Bahn traffic

The Bamberg station is north end point of the train-line S1 of the Transport Network greater Nuremberg (VGN) . This means that Bamberg is directly connected to Erlangen , Fürth and Nuremberg by local transport . The trains run every hour to Hartmannshof, 100 km south-east . The regional express train, which runs in a staggered manner, runs two trains per hour during the day, and sometimes three trains per hour during commuter times, from Bamberg to Nuremberg and back.

Bus transport

28 city ​​bus routes and 4 in night traffic cover almost the entire city area and serve local transport to the neighboring municipalities of Bischberg, Gundelsheim, Hallstadt, Memmelsdorf, Pettstadt, Stegaurach and the Schammelsdorf district of the Litzendorf municipality. In addition, some regional bus routes operated by Omnibusverkehr Franken GmbH and other private bus companies operate in Bamberg . At the central bus station (ZOB) there are also stops for regional buses to enable easier transfers. The ZOB is the center of the city network.

There are currently 60 city buses in the fleet of the Bamberg public transport company, and they transport an average of 10.2 million passengers a year. Since the 2004/2005 winter semester, all students at the University of Bamberg have received a semester ticket . It is valid on all buses and local trains of the DB Regio and the Agilis in the city and in the district of Bamberg.

Twelve heavily frequented bus stops were provided with so-called dynamic passenger information systems. At the 2015 timetable change, they will also show the real arrival of the buses in real time.

Since March 23, 2011, the stops have been announced by children's voices.

From 1897 to 1922, the electric tram Bamberg AG carried out the city traffic.

Regional and long-distance rail transport

Entrance building of the Bamberg train station

In long-distance traffic , Bamberg is on the Nuremberg – Erfurt high-speed line and is served by ICE trains every hour. Until it was completed, the ICE route Leipzig  - Nuremberg ran via Saalfeld and Jena , and since December 10, 2017, the connection has been via Erfurt . Bamberg is the end of the Nuremberg – Bamberg railway line, and the Bamberg – Hof railway line and the Bamberg – Rottendorf railway line begin in Bamberg .

The Bamberg station is the starting point of RegionalExpress and regional rail lines to

Long-distance bus transport

Several long-distance bus lines stop near the train station. Operators are Flixbus and Sindbad .

State roads

St 2190 A70in Hallstadt - Bamberg - Scheßlitz - Kasendorf - B85in Kulmbach
St 2244 St 2252 in Markt Erlbach - Emskirchen - Herzogenaurach - Erlangen - Forchheim - Hirschaid - Bamberg --/A70 E48A73B4
St 2276 St 2275 - Knetzgau - Trossenfurt - Stegaurach - Bamberg - St 2210 in Geisfeld
St 2281 St 2282 - Stadtlauringen - Hofheim in Lower Franconia - Königsberg in Bavaria - Lauter - Stettfeld - Hallstadt - Bamberg - St 2189 in Hollfeld

The four-lane main road Berliner Ring (St 2244), which runs through the city to the east, is the extension to the B 22.

Federal highways

Bamberg is connected to the following federal highways:

Bundesstrasse 22 number.svg Würzburg - Bamberg - Bayreuth - Cham
Bundesstrasse 26 number.svg Riedstadt - Bamberg
Bundesstrasse 505 number.svg Bamberg-South - Höchstadt


Bamberg is on the following federal motorways:

Bundesautobahn 70 number.svg Autobahn junction Schweinfurt / Werneck ( Bundesautobahn 7 number.svg) - Bamberg - Autobahn triangle Bayreuth / Kulmbach ( Bundesautobahn 9 number.svg)
Bundesautobahn 73 number.svg Motorway triangle Suhl - ( Bundesautobahn 71 number.svg) - Motorway junction Bamberg - Motorway triangle Nürnberg / Feucht

Bicycle traffic

In the center of Bamberg , due to the relatively flat topography between the Main-Danube Canal and Regnitz, there is traditionally a lot of cycling. The relatively compact inner city area, short distances between the university locations, one-way streets, the shortage of parking spaces and the quicker accessibility of the local recreation area in the grove favor the use of bicycles as an everyday means of transport.

Due to its immediate location on the Main Cycle Path and the so-called “Regnitz Cycle Path ”, Bamberg is also the destination of many tourist cycle routes. The city has set itself the goal of changing the modal split in favor of cycling.

The regionally signposted cycle path network has considerable gaps, especially in the old town area. The ADFC Bamberg sees a need for improvement in urban transport policy.

There is a charge to take bicycles with you on the DB regional trains and VGN buses .

On the way to greater urban bike friendliness, the city was awarded the contract for the federal model test Zero-Emission-Mobility of the Federal Ministry of Transport in 2009 . In the summer of 2009 it was implemented in multimedia with the advertising campaign Kopf an: Motor aus. For zero CO 2 on short journeys.

Electric scooters have also been represented in the city since 2019. These can be rented from various locations across the city.

Hiking trails

The Franconian Marienweg runs through Bamberg . In the city center, the western Magnificat route and the eastern Ave Maria route of the circular route meet, each of which begins and ends in Bamberg.

Federal waterway

Bavaria harbor Bamberg

In Bamberg there is the federal waterway Main-Danube-Canal , also called RMD- or Europakanal, which is historically to be regarded as the successor of the Ludwig-Danube-Main Canal .

air traffic

The Bamberg-Breitenau airfield is one of the oldest still operating airfields in Germany. The first powered aircraft landed there as early as 1912. The year 1909 is seen as the actual beginning of aviation in Bamberg. At this point in time, Willy Messerschmitt started developing aircrafts together with the city architect Friedrich Harth. From 1945 to 2012 the airfield served as an American military airfield with civil joint use. In 2013 it was reopened as a German special airfield after extensive renovations . It is operated by Stadtwerke Bamberg in cooperation with the Aero Club Bamberg eV.


Print media

A total of 13 magazines and newspapers of various formats and genres appear in Bamberg or have a circulation area in Bamberg: weekly newspapers, daily newspapers, church magazines, cultural magazines and student newspapers, which are published either by private publishers or by the city and district of Bamberg.

Franconian day

The Franconian Day is one of the largest daily newspapers in Upper Franconia and is based in Bamberg. The focus is on local reporting, including a regional and national sports section and a feature section . News from Germany, Europe and the world are delivered by the news agency dpa and by correspondents at home and abroad. The Franconian Day goes back to the prince-bishop's court printer of the Kronach printer Georg Andreas Gertner.


The weekly newspaper Bamberg is a local weekly newspaper that focuses exclusively on reporting from Bamberg and the region. It reports on politics , economy , sport and Bamberg events. The newspaper was founded in 1981 in Bamberg as the weekly newspaper Bamberg and was popularly known as Wobla , which led to the newspaper being given its current name.

Sportecho Bamberg

The Sportecho is a bi-monthly published sports magazine since November 2014. The distribution area is Bamberg and the surrounding area. The thematic focus is on the regional world of sport and reporting on sporty youth. There is also a section that highlights important personalities of the Bamberg sports scene.

ART. 5 | III

Founded in Bamberg in 2012 under the name Art. 5 | III (name with slogan: Art. 5 | III - the supplier for art and culture ; also written: Art.5 / III ), since then the magazine has been published every two months - six times a year - in the Rhenish format with an edition of 20,000 copies. The distribution area is the city and the district of Bamberg , the metropolitan region of Nuremberg , all of Lower Franconia and Thuringia . It is the only Bamberg newspaper to focus on cultural phenomena from art to cultural politics. The focus is on the local northern Bavarian region as well as on reports and articles on the national art and cultural events from the metropolises of Berlin and Munich . In addition to regular reports on the Bamberg Short Film Festival and the Erlangen Poetenfest , the magazine repeatedly conducted interviews with influential personalities on the international cultural scene: the violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter , chief conductor of the Prague Philharmonic Jakub Hrůša , the violist and winner of the Frankfurt Music Prize should be mentioned Tabea Zimmermann , the writer and PEN member Tanja Kinkel and the contemporary singers Max Herre , Milow and Joris .


Radio Bamberg

The forerunners Radio Regnitzwelle and the youth radio Fun Boy Radio started broadcasting on October 10, 1987 on the Bamberg FM frequency 88.5 MHz. Since the two stations did not attract enough listeners on their own, the merger was decided on July 1 and implemented a short time later. The program initially focused on hits from the 1980s. In the meantime, the music spectrum has been expanded from the 1970s to the present day. The program also includes world news every full hour, regional news every half hour, traffic reports, service and comedy. The broadcaster is responsible for the Upper Franconian media group .

Radio Galaxy

The station can be received in Bavaria and parts of Hesse . The seat is in Regensburg . The program is based on its "Young CHR " format, i. H. Black music , hip-hop , dance music , house music and pop music , especially for 14 to 26 year olds. Radio Galaxy is operated by "Digitale Rundfunk Bayern GmbH & Co. KG", while " Funkhaus Regensburg GmbH & Co. Studiobetriebs KG" is responsible for programming .

watch TV

TV Upper Franconia

TV Oberfranken is a Bavarian regional broadcaster based in Hof / Saale of TV Oberfranken GmbH & Co. KG . The transmission area covers the entire administrative region of Upper Franconia . In addition to the main broadcasting station in Hof, the station also has regional studios in Bamberg, Bayreuth and Coburg .

Aid organizations

fire Department

Bamberg has a city fire brigade association. The Bamberg Voluntary Fire Brigade consists of 11 departments. These are a permanent watch, a special unit of the former disaster control , the ABC train (fire fighting group 51) and nine other fire fighting groups. Another special unit of the former disaster control was the technical train / oil brigade (fire fighting group 21), which, however, was disbanded on December 31, 2013 and incorporated into fire fighting group 3. Most of the vehicles on the ABC train and the former technical train have the rare orange disaster control paintwork. In addition, there is a support group for local operations management (UG ÖEL) Bamberg-Stadt.

technical aid organization

In addition, there is a local branch of the Technical Relief Organization (THW) in Bamberg . This local association consists of the staff, a technical train with a specialist group for rooms , a specialist group for water hazards and a specialist group for water damage / pumps as well as other internally procured equipment. There is also a youth group. In addition, the office for the THW management department in Bamberg is located in Breitengüßbach near Bamberg.

Ambulance service

The rescue service in Bamberg is ensured by two rescue guards (one from the BRK and one from the Maltese emergency service ). There are also several emergency doctor locations .

Rapid action groups

Several units of the aid organizations BRK, Malteser and JUH are active in civil disaster control . The Bamberg district association of the Bavarian Red Cross provides two SEG treatment , one SEG care and specialist units UG SanEL , technology and security . Furthermore, the medical operations management (SanEL) is provided by organizational managers and senior emergency doctors .

Public facilities


As the seat of a higher regional court , a regional court , a local court , a labor court and a correctional facility , Bamberg is a nationally important place of jurisdiction .


Retirement homes

There are eleven old people's homes in the city that are run by various providers.

Swimming pools

The stadium pool was opened in 1953 and was renovated in September 2001. Today (2020) it bears the name Bambados outdoor pool and it borders on the Bambados leisure and sports pool , which opened in 2011, with a wellness and sauna area.

The Hainbad has been offering the opportunity to swim in the left arm of the Regnitz since 1972, which includes a wooden deck.

When the municipality of Gaustadt was incorporated into Bamberg in 1972, the Gaustadt outdoor pool (inaugurated in 1956) at Badstrasse 17 was added.

At the end of 2011 the "Bambados" in Bamberg was opened, a modern leisure and sports pool with a wellness and sauna area. Up to and including the 2019 summer season, there was a combined tariff for Bambados indoor and outdoor pools.

Education and Research


Institute for Geography at Otto Friedrich University in the former slaughterhouse from 1742

The University of Bamberg is one with more than 13,000 students to the middle-sized universities in Bavaria. The university buildings are spread over the entire city of Bamberg. However, a large part of it lies in the core of Bamberg's old town. Linguistics and literary studies partly occupy buildings that previously belonged to the Kaiser-Heinrich-Gymnasium . In addition to the administration, the two faculties of humanities and cultural sciences (GuK) and human sciences (Huwi) are located in the old town locations. The computing center and the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences (SoWi) are located in Feldkirchenstrasse. The Faculty of Business Informatics and Applied Computer Science (WIAI) was also located there until it moved to the new building on ERBA Island in the summer of 2012. The extensive university library has a central library, five sub-libraries and the ERBA library branch. Otto Friedrich University is a member of the network of medium-sized universities and has been recognized as a family-friendly university and a partner university for top-class sport. It is one of the leading universities for social and economic sciences and psychology in Bavaria.

University of Applied Sciences

The private professional school of the middle class maintains since the acquisition of teaching from September 1, 2013 by University of Applied Sciences Bamberg a location in Bamberg. Its administrative headquarters are in Bielefeld. With its offer, the University of Applied Sciences is the only university in Bavaria that offers the two therapeutic professions of physiotherapy and speech therapy as part of an undergraduate degree.

Institute for Earth Measurement

The Bamberg Institute for Geodesy - a research institute for higher geodesy on the Domberg - was founded in 1945 by the US Army Surveyors and existed until the early 1950s when it was incorporated into the Frankfurt Institute for Applied Geodesy . Its main task was the completion of the Central European triangular network over Central Europe, which was started in the time of National Socialism and which was completed in 1949. Other major projects were the ED50 coordinate system and an astro-geodetic geoid determination of Central and Western Europe. There was also cooperation with the Bamberg Remeis observatory .

The first director was Erwin Gigas , under whom the series of publications of the Institute for Earth Measurement was founded.

High schools

Main entrance of the Dientzenhofer grammar school

Other schools

Two secondary schools (including an all-girls school), a business school, elementary and special schools, five vocational schools, ten private schools, Bamberg adult education center, education center of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce, professional training centers of the Bavarian economy ( bfz ), archbishop's evening grammar school for working people, Catholic adult education in the city of Bamberg e. V. (KEB), nine vocational training and qualification centers, the municipal music school, von-Lerchenfeld-Schule / private support center, support focus on hearing (former institution for the deaf and dumb) with boarding school.

boarding schools

The Aufseesianum was donated in 1738 by the canon Jodocus Bernhard Freiherr von Aufseß . Here the novel was 1973 The Flying Classroom of Erich Kastner filmed.

The Maria Ward boarding school run by the English Misses (from 1717) was closed in 2011.

Two other church boarding schools were closed at the end of the 20th century: the Ottonianum (1866–1999, diocesan sponsored) and the Marianum (1918–1988, sponsored by the Carmelites ).

Movie and TV

Bamberg is the location of well-known cinema and television productions such as B .:

The film Engelchen or The Virgin of Bamberg thematizes the contrasts felt in the late 1960s between the Franconian “province” and the “revealing” Schwabing .

Since August 2008 there has been an independent television for schools in Bamberg.


Bamberg bishops

Mayor and Lord Mayor

The full-time mayor was first elected by the citizens in 1818. The official title has been Lord Mayor since 1917.

Honorary citizen

The city of Bamberg has so far awarded honorary citizenship to 35 people.

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who worked in Bamberg


Heinrichsdamm 10, the house where Hans Wollschläger his Herzgewächse - protagonist settles
  • Ezzo (poet) († probably on November 15th around 1100) was a canon and teacher in the cathedral school in Bamberg in the second half of the 11th century. Poet of the early Middle High German Ezzo song, he wrote a hymn on Christian salvation history.
  • From 1260 Hugo von Trimberg (1230-1313) worked at the Latin school in what was then the Bamberg suburb of Theuerstadt. He wrote the moral didactic poem Der Renner , which includes 24,000 verses against the seven deadly sins.
  • The early humanist Albrecht von Eyb (1420–1475) lived in the Bamberg Curia Sancti Sebastiani . He wrote the song of praise for the grace of the maiden Barbara .
  • Some time later Bamberg played an important role in the development of German Romanticism . Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder (1773–1798) is considered to be one of the earliest authors of this conception of art and developed it with the collaboration of Ludwig Tieck (1773–1853) in the pouring out of the heart of an art-loving monastery brother, among other things stimulated by his stays in Bamberg.
  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) found a publisher in Bamberg in 1807 for his work Phenomenology of the Spirit . He became editor-in-chief of the Bamberger Zeitung , but soon came into conflict with the Bavarian press law. Finally, in 1808, Hegel left the city disillusioned for Nuremberg. His journalistic engagement should remain an episode in his biography. In 1810 Karl Friedrich Gottlob Wetzel (1779-1819) took over the role of editor-in-chief of the newspaper, which was renamed Fränkischer Merkur . In the course of his work in Bamberg he wrote numerous dramas, volumes of poetry and other works.
  • One of the city's most famous writers was ETA Hoffmann (1776-1822), who in 1808 took up a position as music director in Bamberg. A little later he had to quit this post, but continued to work as a theater composer. In 1809 he wrote his first literary work, the Knight Gluck . He also began directing plays and helping to create the stage sets. His love for his only 15-year-old vocal student Julia Marc, to which numerous female figures in his works can be traced back later, was decisive for his literary work. Overall, however, his livelihood in Bamberg remained modest, Hoffmann was repeatedly plagued by financial hardship and finally left the city in 1813. His second home is now looked after by the ETA Hoffmann Society and is open as a museum.
  • Karl Friedrich Gottlob Wetzel (1779–1819), from 1810 editor-in-chief of Fränkischer Merkur . Was discussed as a possible (co-) author of the Night Watch of Bonaventura .
  • Friedrich Deml (1901–1994), member of the Bamberg circle of poets
  • Hans Wollschläger (1935–2007) translated the novel Ulysses by the Irish poet James Joyce into German in Bamberg and made the city the setting for his avant-garde novel Herzgewächse or The Fall of Adam .
  • Wulf Segebrecht (* 1935), literary scholar, author, editor, publisher
  • Peter Schanz (* 1957), author, dramaturge and director
  • Rolf-Bernhard Essig (* 1963), author, journalist a. a. Non-fiction books, radio contributions
  • Nora-Eugenie Gomringer (* 1980), poet and performance artist

Significant residents of Jewish faith or descent

  • Joseph Marquard Treu (1713–1796), converted to Catholicism in 1732, painter
  • Adalbert Friedrich Marcus (1753–1816), converted to Catholicism; Co-founder and first "Medical Director" of the municipal hospital founded by Prince-Bishop Franz Ludwig von Erthal in 1789 , medical advisor during the Bavarian period.
  • Franz Ludwig von Hornthal , converted to Catholicism, mayor of Bamberg from 1818 to 1821
  • August von Wassermann (1866–1925), German immunologist and bacteriologist
  • Oscar Wassermann (1869–1934), German banker and economist, from a long-established banking family (Wassermann private bank with headquarters in Bamberg)
  • Philipp Lederer (1872–1944), numismatist, coin and antiques dealer
  • Martin Finkelgruen (1876–1942), department store owner in Bamberg, murdered in Theresienstadt by Anton Malloth
  • Willy Lessing (1881–1939), entrepreneur and councilor of commerce, was beaten to death in Bamberg
  • Hedwig Bernet (1890–1975), one of three returned Jews from Bamberg, co-founder of the Israelite religious community in Bamberg, merits for reconciliation, recipient of the Federal Cross of Merit.
  • Willy Aron (1907–1933), lawyer, first Bamberg Jew who came to the Dachau concentration camp and was murdered there
  • Hilde Marx (1911–1986), poet, journalist
  • Josef Heller, conductor at the city theater
  • Herbert Loebl (1923–2013), engineer, entrepreneur, historian and philanthropist

Further honors

In addition to honorary citizenship, the city of Bamberg awards further honors to deserving citizens who “enjoy general reputation” and “have earned special merits”:

  • City Medal Bamberg (since 1989) - "special services for the general well-being of the city and its citizens"
  • Citizen's Medal (since 1962) - "excellent services for the general welfare of the city of Bamberg and its citizens"
  • Ehrenring (since 1973) - “outstanding achievements for the reputation and general well-being of the city of Bamberg and its citizens”, for example through “extraordinary achievements in the fields of art, science, economy, social affairs, public life or international understanding "
  • Medal of Merit (since 1980) - an internal city council award

Plaques and medals

€ 100 gold coin from 2004 - "UNESCO World Heritage Site Bamberg"
Gold medal 2007 of the Archdiocese of Bamberg on the occasion of the thousandth anniversary of the diocese - It shows Heinrich II.
1802 Unification of Bamberg Monastery with Bavaria
Medal for the birth of Prince Luitpold of Bavaria, obverse

The plaques and medals relating to Bamberg personalities and events are listed here.

Religions and worldviews

Denomination statistics

The religion of Bamberg has changed a lot. The numbers show a clear decrease in the number of Catholics over the years. In 2003 almost two thirds of the population were Catholic, in 2018 it was only 48.1 percent. The decline in the Protestant Church is significantly lower: its share only fell from 19.2 to 17.5 percent over the same period. The number of others has increased significantly and is currently 34.4 percent. According to information from the Bamberg press office, others include “Jews, Muslims, churchless people and members of other religions”.

Religious communities

The following religious communities exist in Bamberg:

Additional names

Because of its location on seven hills, Bamberg is also known as the Franconian Rome .

Little Venice is the name of the former boatmen and fishing settlement on the Regnitz; see also the section Palais and secular buildings of this article.

The inhabitants of Bamberg also have the nickname onion treads . It goes back to the Bamberg gardeners , for whom stepping onions was an important activity in onion cultivation. They had to kick the shallots around when they reached a certain size so that the herb did not grow too high, but instead the nutrients for the growth of the underground onion were used. The farmers tied small boards to their shoes so as not to accidentally step on the onions, and went into the fields with them. A similar nickname is onion franc .


Several small groups of emigrants from Bamberg settled in various places in the Poznan area in the first half of the 18th century , where they were called Bamber and were soon appreciated.

A Mars crater with a diameter of 58.3 km and the asteroid (324) Bamberga , which was discovered in 1892 by Johann Palisa at the Vienna University Observatory, are named after Bamberg.

The Bamberger Hörnchen , an old potato variety from Franconia, is named after Bamberg.


  • Ekkehard Arnetzl, Werner Kohn, Erich Weiß, a. a .: Three Schobbn - zwa Seidla - a U, Bierstadt Bamberg . Weiß, Bamberg 2014, ISBN 978-3-940821-33-1 .
  • Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation (ed.): The art monuments of Bavaria. Administrative region of Upper Franconia. City of Bamberg. published so far:
Volume 3.1: Immunities of the mountain town. Stephansberg. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-89889-031-7 .
Volume 3.2: Immunities of the mountain town. Kaulberg, Matern and Sutte. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-89889-032-5 .
Volume 3.3: Immunities of the mountain town. Jakobsberg and Altenburg. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-89889-116-5 .
Volume 3.4: Immunities of the mountain town. Michelsberg and Abtsberg. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-89889-123-3 .
Volume VI.4: Bourgeois mountain town. Bamberg / Munich / Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-87052-562-2 .
Volume VII.5: Inner Island City . Munich 1990, ISBN 3-486-54591-4 .

Web links

Commons : Bamberg  - album with pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Bamberg  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wikisource: Bamberg  - Sources and full texts
Wikiquote: Bamberg  - Quotes
Wikivoyage: Bamberg  - Travel Guide

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Lord Mayor. Bamberg city administration, accessed on May 26, 2020 .
  3. Bamberg agglomeration at the end of 2015 with 112,300 inhabitants
  4. Description and map representation of the UNESCO World Heritage area of ​​Bamberg. Website of the city of Bamberg.
  5. Tanja Roppel: Inner-city district connections in medium-sized cities. The example of Bamberg . In: Bamberg Geographical Writings . No. 8 , 2002, ISSN  0344-6557 , p. 23-29 .
  6. List of heat records in Germany - weather channel from the Kachelmannwetter team. Retrieved July 28, 2019 .
  7. Absolute lowest temperatures in Germany ( Memento from September 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  8. ^ Heinrich Gottfried Philipp Gengler : Regesta and documents on the constitutional and legal history of German cities in the Middle Ages , Erlangen 1863, pp. 106-122. .
  9. ^ Bamberg - Reconstruction Atlas :: House of Bavarian History. Retrieved February 14, 2020 .
  11. a b Bamberg City Archives in connection with Bamberg Tourism & Congress Service (ed.): A house is being built in Bamberg for the witches, the witches are dying for. Witch trials in the bishopric of Bamberg 1595–1631. Leaflet Bamberg 2009.
  12. A brief overview of the persecution of witches in Bamberg can be found in: Wolfgang Behringer: Hexen. Faith, persecution, marketing , (= C. H. Beck Wissen; Volume 2082), 5th edition Munich 2009, p. 54 f. See also Friedrich Merzbacher : The witch trials in Franconia. 1957 (= series of publications on Bavarian national history. Volume 56); 2nd, extended edition: CH Beck, Munich 1970, ISBN 3-406-01982-X , passim, in particular pp. 53–56 ( The witch trials in the Bamberg monastery ).
  13. List of the names of the victims of the Bamberg witch trials (PDF; 268 kB)
  14. Session template
  15. Press information from ZDF on the premiere of The Souls in Fire (July 2014)
  16. a b
  17. ^ From the history of the Jewish communities in the German-speaking area - Bamberg , accessed on December 20, 2015.
  18. ^ House of Bavarian History : Jewish cemeteries in Bavaria - Bamberg . As of November 29, 2011.
  19. ^ Commemorative Book - Victims of Persecution of the Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny 1933–1945 . As of May 19, 2011.
  20. ^ Judaism in Bamberg
  21. ^ Karl Kunze: End of the war in Franconia and the battle for Nuremberg . Edelmann, Nuremberg 1995, ISBN 3-87191-207-7 .
  22. See the homepage of the Willy-Aron-Gesellschaft Bamberg e. V .; Editor: “Stolperstein” is reminiscent of Isidor Forchheimer. Action , Franconian Day from 2/3 December 2017, p.14. Retrieved online from URL:;art154303,3056594 (as of June 12, 2018).
  23. See the homepage of the city of Bamberg
  24. Cf. Antje Yael Deusel / Ortwin Beisbart: Memorial book of the Jewish citizens of Bamberg. , Pp. 23, 30, 235.
  25. ^ report from June 2, 2013: The Ami genga: Now the citizens should have a say
  26. Report of January 17, 2014: Article picture gallery map Bamberg conversion: City takes over 100 US apartments
  27. ↑ The city ​​welcomes the first "conversion citizens": The "NATO settlement" has already been used for civilian purposes
  28. ^ Minister of Social Affairs Müller opens second deportation center , SZ, September 16, 2015
  29. ^ Reception facility Upper Franconia , Government of Upper Franconia, 2016
  30. ^ report from September 1, 2016: New Police School in Bamberg
  31. Report of the Bavarian Broadcasting Corporation from November 13, 2015: School of the Federal Police is definitely coming ( Memento from November 16, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  32. ^ City buys the former Lagarde barracks ,, February 14, 2017
  33. Bamberg: Anchor Center starts operations . In: . ( [accessed on August 1, 2018]).
  34. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 600 .
  35. Bamberg beats Bayreuth . Nordbayerischer Kurier Zeitungsverlag GmbH. February 11, 2015. Accessed January 23, 2019.
  36. Michael Wehner: Refugees and University: Bamberg's population is increasing . GmbH & Co KG. January 25, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  37. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Bamberg  in the database of the House of Bavarian History , accessed on September 6, 2017 .
  38. a b c town twinning
  39. The visitor center. Reading aid for the old town. Retrieved January 7, 2020 .
  40. Bamberg City Archives
  42. ^ Johann Joseph Morper: Bamberg, the middle of Germany. On the imperial symbolism of the Tattermann column. Bamberg 1957.
  43. Bernhard Schemmel: The Tattermann column. Bamberg 2004.
  44. Wiederaufbau/gebaeude/detail/kath-laurenzikapelle/ 257
  45. Wiederaufbau/gebaeude/detail/evang-erloeserkirche/ 256
  46. History of the State Building Authority ( Memento from November 21, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  47. ^ Website of the land surveying office
  48. Wolfgang Wußmann: Bamberg-Lexikon pp. 80, 7 and 95
  49. ^ Suckale, Schmidt, Ruderich: Bamberg p. 194.
  50. Robert Suckale et al. a. (Ed.) Bamberg A Guide to the City of Art History p. 68.
  51. Wolfgang Wußmann: Bamberg-Lexikon p. 64.
  52. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism . A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education , Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , pp. 118f.
  53. June 19, 1965 - Desecration of the cemetery in Bamberg: gravestones smeared with swastikas, a tool case in the background , June 19, 1965, in the Austrian National Library.
  54. June 19, 1965 - Desecration of the cemetery in Bamberg: With swastikas and the words… , June 19, 1965, in the Austrian National Library.
  55. Philipp Kittler . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 20 : Kaufmann – Knilling . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1927, p. 398 .
  56. Bamberg on Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  57. Bamberg Lexicon p. 24.
  58. Wiederaufbau/gebaeude/detail/alte-maut/ 258
  59. Wiederaufbau/gebaeude/detail/staedtische-altane/ 259
  60. ↑ A huge tunnel system undermines the cathedral city. In: Nürnberger Nachrichten. on: January 17, 2009.
  61. Gerhard Handschuh: The history of the Bamberg liquorice cultivation. In: Heribert Gebert u. a .: "Because wos arechtä Gärtnä is ..." Festschrift for the 125th anniversary of the Upper Gardening Association Bamberg. Bamberg 1988, OCLC 159874006 .
  62. Current results - VGR dL. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  63. State of Bavaria. Federal Employment Agency, accessed on January 7, 2019 .
  64. Employees subject to social insurance contributions 2013 (reference date June 30, 2013 available under code: 13111-002r .)
  65. Moving in begins in March (website )
  66. Website of the Gramss company (frozen dough from Bamberg)
  67. Water supply association for the Franconian economic area (WFW)
  68. The history of water supply in Bamberg ( Memento from November 15, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Website of the Bamberg public utility
  69. Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg - timetable change on December 12, 2010 ( Memento from December 1, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  70. STWB Bamberg fleet., accessed on July 20, 2020 .
  71. ^ Bamberg municipal utilities. Retrieved May 30, 2019 .
  72. Passenger information in real time. (No longer available online.), December 15, 2015, archived from the original on December 22, 2015 ; accessed on December 15, 2015 .
  73. Children's voices conquer buses., March 23, 2011, accessed on July 24, 2011 .
  74. Traffic development plan for the city of Bamberg
  75. Bamberg's ADFC board is critical of the construction of cycle paths in the district. on: (as of September 25, 2012).
  76. Taking bicycles with you ,
  77. Campaign "Head on: Engine off"
  78. See page of the city of Bamberg
  79. Media data of the journal
  80. New cultural newspaper “ART. 5 | III “for Bamberg and the surrounding area, published in: on September 28, 2012, accessed on July 30, 2016
  81. Reading tip: Article 5 / III published in: from January 2, 2014, accessed on July 30, 2016
  82. Issue No. 5, October-December 2013, 2nd volume
  83. Issue No. 17, December-January 2015/16, 5th volume
  84. ^ Website of the FF Bamberg
  85. THW Bamberg website
  86. a b Bambados outdoor pool. Retrieved July 21, 2020 .
  87. Source: Stadtwerke Bamberg
  88. ^ Website of the Otto Friedrich University of Bamberg: The University of Bamberg in figures. Retrieved February 15, 2018 .
  89. ^ Website of the Otto Friedrich University Bamberg
  90. ^ Frankentatort in Bamberg: Start of shooting under umbrellas. In: Retrieved October 11, 2016 .
  91. Statutes for the City Medal of Bamberg , November 15, 1989 (PDF; 45 kB).
  92. New version of the statutes for the citizens' medal of the city of Bamberg , May 10, 1990 (PDF; 46 kB).
  93. New version of the statutes for the awarding of the ring of honor of the city of Bamberg , May 10, 1990 (PDF; 47 kB).
  94. Statistics Yearbook Bamberg in
  95. City of Bamberg Statistics Yearbook 2017 , accessed on September 2, 2019
  96. City of Bamberg Statistics Yearbook 2018, page 29 , accessed on September 21, 2019