Printer (profession)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coats of arms of book printers, typesetters and photo setters

Printer , printing technician (Austria) or printing technologist (Switzerland) is a professional title for the activity of producing print products with different processes. The core task of the job today is to set up electronically controlled systems for printing paper, cardboard, textiles, plastics and metals, to put them into operation, to monitor and to ensure quality.

Initial and continuing education


In Switzerland, the professional and training designation is printing technologist .


Guild mark in Plau am See (2015)

In Germany the term printer also describes the recognized training occupation in the professional group of the same name. The training in this profession was most recently reorganized in terms of content by the ordinance on professional training to become a printer (Printer Training Regulation - DruckAusbV) of May 2, 2000. The training lasts 36 months and takes place in the dual training system . The profession can be trained in the fields of industry and craft .

In the third year of training, you specialize in one of the following four subjects:

For the screen printing process there is an independent training course for the recognized training occupation of screen printer.

At the end of his training in the trade, the printer is awarded a journeyman's certificate , and in industry a skilled worker certificate. A system of elective qualification units provides further differentiation options in choosing and exercising a career.

As part of the advanced training, there is the possibility of taking the examination to become an industrial foreman specializing in print media. Furthermore, you can do a two-year training course to become a state-certified technician specializing in printing and media technology. Engineering courses exist at the universities of applied sciences in Munich and Stuttgart and at the University of Wuppertal.

The training occupation was modernized in 2010 and 2011 and expired on August 1, 2011. His successor is the media technologist Druck .


As in Germany, vocational training takes place in the dual system at vocational schools and at relevant training companies in trade and industry. The prerequisite for starting is the completion of 9 or 10 years of compulsory schooling. Most of the apprentices , however, have a degree from secondary school and / or polytechnic school . In Austria, the apprenticeship lasts three and a half years and ends with the final apprenticeship examination .

In Austria, one of the four following priorities is chosen from the start:

Passing the final apprenticeship examination enables access to master craftsman training and the vocational matura (vocational maturity examination) and subsequently to further higher qualifications, e.g. B. at colleges or universities of applied sciences.

As an alternative to the apprenticeship, the training can take place at a technical school or vocational school. See Höhere Graphische Bundes- Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt , Department of Printing & Media Technology.

See also

Printer during quality control in a Russian printing company (2009)


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Ordinance on professional training as a printer
  2. Industriemeister Print Media Advanced Training Ordinance of November 27, 2019 ( Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1975 )
  3. Training regulations for media technologists in printing