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Training occupations are the professional activities that can be learned as part of an apprenticeship relationship in the dual system . Young people may only be trained in recognized occupations.


The previous term “ apprentice ” was replaced in 1971 in the Vocational Training Act (BBiG) by the term “trainee”.

Training occupations are repeatedly recognized by the state in training regulations according to the BBiG or the Crafts Code (HwO). The qualifications to be acquired through training are specified by the Vocational Training Act and the training regulations. Important bases for the training regulations can be found in § 4 and § 5 of the BBiG.

Some professions, especially the health professions , are regulated in special laws (e.g. Nursing Act , Geriatric Care Act , Emergency Paramedic Act ).

The recognized training occupations are listed in a directory published by the Federal Institute for Vocational Training .

Officials in a career training are contenders in the preparatory service . The legal basis for this is contained in the civil service laws of the federal and state governments as well as special training and examination regulations.


According to the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB), there were a total of 344 dual training occupations in 2012.

The 15 most occupied apprenticeships in 2015

Men by occupation
job number
Automotive mechatronics technician 60.096
Industrial mechanic 43,632
electronics technician 34,797
Plant mechanic for sanitary, heating and air conditioning technology 31,605
Retail merchant 28,026
IT Specialist 26,763
Mechatronics engineer 24,588
Merchant in wholesale and foreign trade 22,509
Specialist for warehouse logistics 21,636
Electronics technician for industrial engineering 20,394
Industrial clerk 20,055
Cutting machine operator 19,815
Office management clerk 18,381
Seller 17,739
Metal workers 17,214
Women by occupation
job number
Office management assistant 54,453
Medical assistant 36,768
clerk in retail 32,304
Dental assistant 30,606
industrial clerk 30,240
saleswoman 25.143
hair stylist 19,632
Bank clerk 17,361
Businesswoman in wholesale and foreign trade 15,801
Hotel specialist 14,829
Tax clerk 12,954
Administrative clerk 12,084
Legal Assistant 8,808
Clerk for insurance and finance 6,501
Clerk for forwarding and logistics services 5,688


In Austria these professions are known as apprenticeships . In 2008 about 300 apprenticeships were possible, with only about ten apprenticeships being the most wanted. See also gender-specific career choice . Only if the search for an apprenticeship is unsuccessful will others be used. Training is compulsory up to the age of 18 if the compulsory schooling period has been completed.


See also

and also:

Web links


Individual evidence

  1. Federal Institute for Vocational Training, Indicators for Vocational Training, Structure of Recognized Training Professions , p. 9
  3. The 10 most popular apprenticeships for girls in 2010. (PDF) Austrian Chamber of Commerce , 2010, accessed on November 13, 2011 (The three most popular apprenticeships): “Girls still prefer typical“ women's jobs ”. Almost half of all female apprentices attend training in the retail trade, followed by office clerks and hairdressers. "
  4. The 10 most popular apprenticeships for boys in 2010. (PDF; 709 kB) Austrian Chamber of Commerce , 2010, accessed on November 13, 2011 (The three most popular apprenticeships): “The three most popular apprenticeships for boys are electrical engineering with 9,062 followed by automotive technology with 7,813 and installation and building technology with 5,215 male apprentices. "