Training regulations

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In Germany, training regulations set the national standards for in-company training within the framework of dual vocational training . The training regulations regulate the factual and temporal structure of the training.

Training regulations are published as federal statutory ordinances in the Federal Law Gazette. The basis for the training regulations is the Vocational Training Act (BBiG).

Development of training regulations

If the content of a training occupation is to be modernized or a new occupation is to be created, the initiative usually comes from the professional associations , the employers' organizations , the trade unions or the Federal Institute for Vocational Training or the state institute. After hearing all those involved, the responsible federal ministry will make a decision in coordination with the federal states .

The development of new training regulations or the adaptation of existing training regulations to changed professional practice takes place according to a regulated procedure in which the federal government, the federal states, employers, trade unions and vocational training research are involved.


As a basis for vocational training which issues Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology or other appropriate line ministry in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Education and Research to § 4 Vocational Training Act or § 25 Handwerksordnung (HwO) the training regulations . These are statutory ordinances that do not require the approval of the Bundesrat . For a recognized training occupation, training may only take place in accordance with the training regulations. Young people under the age of 18 may not be trained in other than recognized occupations .


According to § 5 BBiG and § 26 HwO, training regulations must contain at least the following five points:

  1. the name of the training occupation that is recognized,
  2. the duration of the training; it should not be more than three and not less than two years,
  3. the professional skills, knowledge and abilities that are at least the subject of the vocational training (apprenticeship profile),
  4. Instructions for the factual and temporal structure of the imparting of professional skills, knowledge and abilities (training framework plan),
  5. the exam requirements.

There are also “can” points.

Framework curriculum, training framework plan

With regard to the new / modernized training regulations, the experts of the federal states are developing a framework curriculum for the new / changed training occupation within the framework of the Standing Conference (KMK). The framework curriculum gives the ministry of culture of the respective state a recommendation for the elaboration of the curriculum that is binding for the vocational school and thus serves the nationwide curricular comparability.

The training framework plan must be distinguished from the framework curriculum. As an annex to the training regulations, the training framework plan contains a rough chronological and factual breakdown of the company training content and serves the trainer and the trainee as a specification for the company training plan.

Functions of the training regulations are

Types of training structures

  • two, three or three and a half year mono professions
  • Apprenticeships with differentiations according to subject area or focus or
  • Apprenticeships with differentiations according to core and elective qualifications
  • tiered training
  • Level training with two or three levels.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Regulations of the state-recognized training occupations, Hermann Benner, edited by the Federal Institute for Vocational Training, Berlin 1982 [2. 1996 edition]. ISBN 978-3-88555-167-6
  2. Secretariat of the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Training Department for Vocational Education and Training (2007): Handout for the development of framework curricula for the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs for vocational teaching in vocational schools and their coordination with federal training regulations for recognized training professions, p. 34.