Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Federal Ministry of Education and Research
|position||supreme federal authority|
|founding||October 20, 1955 as Federal Ministry for Atomic Affairs|
Bonn , North Rhine-Westphalia
|Authority management||Anja Karliczek ( CDU ), Federal Minister for Education and Research|
|Budget volume||EUR 18.27 billion (2019)|
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research ( BMBF ) is a supreme federal authority in the Federal Republic of Germany . The headquarters or first office of the Federal Ministry is in the so-called Kreuzbauten in the federal city of Bonn , the second office in Berlin .
The origins of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research go back to October 20, 1955, when the Federal Ministry for Atomic Affairs ( BMAt ) was founded under the then Federal Chancellor Konrad Adenauer . Franz Josef Strauss was appointed its first minister .
The Federal Ministry for Nuclear Affairs had the task of promoting the peaceful use of nuclear energy and was based in the former Hotel Godesberger Hof in Bad Godesberg , which had been converted into an office building . In 1957 it was renamed the Federal Ministry for Nuclear Energy and Water Management ( BMAtW ) and in 1961 the Federal Ministry for Nuclear Energy ( BMAt ). When it was renamed the Federal Ministry for Scientific Research ( BMwF ) in 1962 , it was also responsible for general science funding and for funding space research. With an amendment to the Basic Law in 1969, the competences of the federal government in educational planning and research funding were expanded, the ministry was therefore given the new name of the Federal Ministry of Education and Science ( BMBW ), which it retained until 1994.
In 1972 the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology ( BMFT ) was founded to promote basic research, applied research and technological development. The two ministries separated for more than two decades. After the federal election in 1994 , the two ministries were merged and the new ministry was named the Federal Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Technology ( BMBF ). After the change of government in 1998 , the BMBF had to hand over the technology policy department to the Ministry of Economic Affairs and was therefore renamed the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, the name it still bears today.
Between 1999 and 2014, the Berlin office of the ministry was housed in the former building of the Permanent Mission of the Federal Republic of Germany to the GDR before it opened its building on Kapelle-Ufer in November 2014 . This offers enough space for the entire ministry to concentrate on this location.
The BMBF consists of eight departments (as of February 2018). In addition to the central department, which is responsible for administrative tasks, these are:
- Department 1: Policy Issues; Strategy; Digital change
- Department 2: European and international cooperation in education and research
- Department 3: Vocational Training; Lifelong learning
- Department 4: Science System
- Department 5: Key Technologies - Research for Innovations
- Department 6: Life Sciences - Research for Health
- Department 7: Provision for the future - research for fundamentals and sustainability.
Each department consists of one or two sub-departments and between 10 and 15 units . The larger part of the subdivisions is located at the Bonn office, the smaller part at the Berlin office. The BMBF employs around 1,000 people in total. In addition, two parliamentary and two permanent state secretaries belong to the management team.
The tasks of the BMBF are diverse. On the one hand, the BMBF is largely responsible for legislation in various areas. This primarily includes the area of extracurricular vocational education and training and training support. On the other hand, the BMBF funds research in all areas of science. In addition, the next generation of academics as well as international exchange in training, further education or studies are promoted. Last but not least, the BMBF has financed BAföG alone since 2015 (excluding the federal states). The budget of the BMBF (section 30) amounts to around 14 billion euros in 2014 . The budget is the fourth largest of all federal ministries. It is about twice the size of the Development Department and about two-fifths of the defense budget . Of this, 10% are earmarked for BAföG, the administrative portion is around 2%.
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research has been organizing the Science Years since 2000 . Each science year focuses on a scientific discipline or a current scientific topic. The Science Years serve to initiate social debates about developments in science and research. The Science Year 2016 * 2017 under the motto “Seas and Oceans: Discover, Use, Protect” is co-designed by the “System Earth” department, which is responsible for coastal, marine and polar research at the BMBF. The main topics include raw materials from the sea , microplastics , ocean acidification and the effects of climate change on the oceans.
Funding of research projects
The BMBF will initially ensure the basic funding of the German Research Foundation and the Helmholtz Association , as well as part of the basic funding of the Max Planck Society and the Fraunhofer Society . In addition, it promotes research projects within the framework of funding programs, for which applicants must apply. Examples of such funding programs are:
- the research framework program "Research for Sustainable Development (FONA)"
- the "IKT2020" with the future project Industry 4.0 within the " high-tech strategy " of the federal government
- the leading-edge cluster competition
- the focus on IT security research
- the "research for the production of tomorrow"
- the focus on "religion, cultural diversity and civil society"
- the "Kopernikus projects for the energy transition"
The BMBF entrusts so-called project management agencies with the technical and administrative support of the research projects , for example the DLR project management company , the project management company Jülich or the project management company VDI / VDE Innovation + Technology . In addition to such funding programs, public relations measures are financed. One example of this is the nanoTruck , which is intended to inform the general public about nanotechnology . Together with the Federal Ministry of Health, the BMBF is responsible, among other things, for the health research program of the Federal Government of Germany .
Furthermore, the BMBF, together with the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, is the client for the agency for leap innovation .
German Centers for Health Research
Since 2007, the BMBF has set up a number of “Centers for Health Research” which, through collaborations between numerous research institutions, are supposed to achieve progress in important common diseases. These are:
- German Center for Cardiovascular Research
- German Center for Infection Research
- German Center for Lung Research
- German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research
- German Center for Diabetes Research
- German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases
Federal Minister since 1955
|No.||Surname||Life dates||Political party||Beginning of the term of office||Term expires||Cabinet (s)|
|Federal Minister for Atomic Questions|
|1||Franz Josef Strauss||1915-1988||CSU||October 21, 1955||October 16, 1956||Adenauer II|
|2||Siegfried Balke||1902-1984||CSU||October 16, 1956||October 29, 1957||Adenauer II|
|Federal Minister for Nuclear Energy and Water Management|
|2||Siegfried Balke||1902-1984||CSU||October 29, 1957||November 14, 1961||Adenauer III|
|Federal Minister for Nuclear Energy|
|2||Siegfried Balke||1902-1984||CSU||November 14, 1961||December 13, 1962||Adenauer IV|
|Federal Minister for Scientific Research|
|3||Hans Lenz||1907-1968||FDP||December 14, 1962||October 26, 1965||
|4th||Gerhard Stoltenberg||1928-2001||CDU||October 26, 1965||October 21, 1969||
|Federal Minister for Education and Science|
|5||Hans Leussink||1912-2008||independent||October 22, 1969||March 15, 1972||Brandt I.|
|6th||Klaus von Dohnanyi||* 1928||SPD||March 15, 1972||May 16, 1974||
|7th||Helmut Rohde||1925-2016||SPD||May 16, 1974||February 16, 1978||
|8th||Jürgen Schmude||* 1936||SPD||February 16, 1978||January 28, 1981||
|9||Bjorn Engholm||* 1939||SPD||January 28, 1981||October 1, 1982||Schmidt III|
|10||Dorothee Wilms||* 1929||CDU||4th October 1982||March 12, 1987||
|11||Jürgen Möllemann||1945-2003||FDP||March 12, 1987||January 18, 1991||Kohl III|
|12||Rainer Ortleb||* 1944||FDP||January 18, 1991||3rd February 1994||Kohl IV|
|13||Karl-Hans Laermann||* 1929||FDP||4th February 1994||17th November 1994||Kohl IV|
|Federal Minister for Research and Technology|
|1||Horst Ehmke||1927-2017||SPD||December 15, 1972||May 16, 1974||Brandt II|
|2||Hans Matthöfer||1925-2009||SPD||May 16, 1974||February 16, 1978||
|3||Volker Hauff||* 1940||SPD||February 16, 1978||November 4th 1980||Schmidt II|
|4th||Andreas von Bülow||* 1937||SPD||November 6, 1980||October 1, 1982||Schmidt III|
|5||Heinz Riesenhuber||* 1935||CDU||4th October 1982||January 21, 1993||
|6th||Matthias Wissmann||* 1949||CDU||January 21, 1993||May 13, 1993||Kohl IV|
|7th||Paul Kruger||* 1950||CDU||May 13, 1993||17th November 1994||Kohl IV|
|Federal Minister for Education, Science, Research and Technology|
|14/8||Jürgen Rüttgers||* 1951||CDU||17th November 1994||October 26, 1998||Cabbage v|
|Federal Minister for Education and Research|
|15/9||Edelgard Bulmahn||* 1951||SPD||October 26, 1998||November 22, 2005||
|16/10||Annette Schavan||* 1955||CDU||November 22, 2005||February 14, 2013||
|17/11||Johanna Wanka||* 1951||CDU||February 14, 2013||March 14, 2018||
|18/12||Anja Karliczek||* 1971||CDU||March 14, 2018||in office||Merkel IV|
Parliamentary State Secretaries
- 1969–1972: Klaus von Dohnanyi ( SPD )
- 1972: Joachim Raffert (SPD)
- 1972–1978: Volker Hauff ( SPD )
- 1974–1977: Peter Glotz ( SPD )
- 1977–1981: Björn Engholm ( SPD )
- 1981–1982: Eckart Kuhlwein ( SPD )
- 1982–1987: Anton Pfeifer ( CDU )
- 1987–1989: Irmgard Karwatzki ( CDU )
- 1991–1993 Torsten Wolfgramm (FDP)
- 1989–1994: Norbert Lammert ( CDU )
- 1991–1998: Bernd Neumann ( CDU )
- 1994–1997: Cornelia Yzer (CDU)
- 1997–1998: Elke Wülfing (CDU)
- 1998–2002: Wolf-Michael Catenhusen (SPD)
- 2002–2004: Christoph Matschie (SPD)
- 2004–2005: Ulrich Kasparick (SPD)
- 2005–2009: Andreas Storm (CDU)
- since 2005: Thomas Rachel (CDU)
- 2009–2013: Helge Braun (CDU)
- 2013–2018: Stefan Müller ( CSU )
- since 2018: Michael Meister (CDU)
Official State Secretaries
- 1962–1966: Wolfgang Cartellieri
- 1966–1971: Hans von Heppe
- 1969–1972: Hildegard Hamm-Brücher ( FDP )
- 1971–1987: Hans-Hilger Haunschild
- 1973–1978: Reimut Jochimsen ( SPD )
- 1978–1982: Hermann Granzow ( SPD )
- 1982–1987: Paul Harro Piazolo
- 1987–1988: Eberhard Böning ( FDP )
- 1988–1998: Fritz Schaumann ( FDP )
- 1987–1996: Gebhard Ziller
- 1996–1998: Helmut Stahl ( CDU )
- 1998-2005: Uwe Thomas ( SPD )
- 2002–2005: Wolf-Dieter Dudenhausen
- 2003–2005: Wolf-Michael Catenhusen (SPD)
- 2005–2009: Frieder Meyer-Krahmer
- 2006–2008: Michael Thielen (CDU)
- 2008–2018: Cornelia Quennet-Thielen
- 2009–2019: Georg Schütte
- since 2018: Christian Luft
- since 2019: Wolf-Dieter Lukas
- Peter Weingart , Niels C. Taubert (Ed.): The Ministry of Knowledge. Half a century of research and education policy in Germany , Velbrück, Weilerswist (2006) ISBN 978-3-938808-18-4 .
- Official website of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research
- Organizational plan of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (PDF; 713 kB)
- Literature from and about the Federal Ministry of Education and Research in the catalog of the German National Library
- Bundeshaushalt.de: www.Bundeshaushalt.de. Retrieved August 30, 2019 .
- Abbreviations. (PDF; 49 kB) Abbreviations for the constitutional organs, the highest federal authorities and the highest federal courts. In: bund.de. Federal Office of Administration (BVA), accessed on August 14, 2016 .
- Helmut Vogt : Guardians of the Bonn Republic: The Allied High Commissioners 1949–1955 , Ferdinand Schöningh Verlag, Paderborn 2004, ISBN 3-506-70139-8 , p. 224.
- Press release: BMBF new building in Berlin officially inaugurated BMBF, from November 26, 2014
- There is a lot of space in Berlin Berliner Zeitung, April 22, 2014
- Organizationthe Federal Ministry of Education and Research (pdf; 664 kB) BMBF. S. 1. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
- Press release: BAföG reform creates financial leeway for the federal states BMBF, dated August 20, 2014
- BMBF: Budget . BMBF. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- Individual plans of the 2014 federal budget . www.bundeshaushalt-info.de. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- Press release on the Science Year of Seas and Oceans
- Website of the FONA framework program of the BMBF
- Industry 4.0 future project on the BMBF website
- Cybersecurity research for the competitiveness of Germany on the website of the BMBF
- Website of the framework concept research for tomorrow's production of the BMBF
- Focus on "Religion, Cultural Diversity and Civil Society" on the BMBF website
- Kopernikus Projects: Home. Retrieved December 22, 2018 .
- Comprehensive brochure about the Centers for Health Research, 2011 ( Memento of February 16, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 3.2 MB)