Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Home Affairs
Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Home Affairs
|position||supreme federal authority|
|founding||1879 as Reich Office of the Interior|
Federal Minister of the Interior, for Building and Home Affairs
Horst Seehofer (CSU)
|Servants||2100 (April 13, 2020)|
|Budget volume||EUR 15.85 billion (2019)|
The Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Home Affairs (until March 14, 2018 Federal Ministry of the Interior ; BMI for short ) is a supreme federal authority in the Federal Republic of Germany . It has its headquarters or first office in Berlin , its second office in the federal city of Bonn . The head of the authority is ex officio the Federal Minister of the Interior , Horst Seehofer (CSU).
The predecessor of the Ministry was the Reich Ministry of the Interior , which in turn emerged from the Reich Office of the Interior . The Federal Ministry of the Interior was constituted in accordance with a recommendation of the Organizing Committee of the Prime Minister's Conference on July 30, 1949.
Commissioned by Federal Interior Minister Thomas de Maizière in December 2014, researchers from the Institute for Contemporary History (IfZ) and the Center for Contemporary History Research (ZZF) have been devoting themselves to the post-war history of the Federal Ministry of the Interior and the GDR's Ministry of the Interior since 2015. In a preliminary study at the end of 2015, the scientists published the first preliminary results on the personnel structure of both interior ministries. For the Federal Republic of Germany, more than 300 CVs were evaluated by officials of the Federal Ministry of the Interior. According to this, former NSDAP members made up a high proportion of ministry employees in the 1950s and 1960s . Of the senior civil servants employed between 1949 and 1970 (from the level of head of department upwards), 54% were in the NSDAP. When the years of the war youth generation (born between 1900 and 1910) moved into higher positions, the proportion of former NSDAP members reached a peak: in 1961 it was 66%. In June 2018, the study Guardians of Order finally appeared and was officially presented to the Federal Ministry of the Interior.
His responsibilities include the following topics:
- Homeland security , in particular
- Passport, ID and registration systems
- Public service
- Organization of public administration , in particular
- Reducing bureaucracy
- Administrative modernization
- Information technology and security
- Immigration, integration and national minorities (especially foreigners, refugees, asylum seekers, displaced persons and repatriates)
- Political education
- building and living
- Social cohesion
- Churches and religious communities
- Spatial planning
- Equal living conditions
Furthermore, together with the Federal Ministry of Justice, it is responsible for general administrative, constitutional, national, European and international law. It participates in the drafting of bills in these areas or prepares them itself and reviews all legislative projects of the federal government or individual federal ministries for their compatibility with the Basic Law and their administrative form ( right of objection by the constitutional departments ).
The procurement office of the Federal Ministry of the Interior is responsible for the procurement of equipment and services for all authorities in the ministry's portfolio. Among other things, it buys motor vehicles and maintains its own vehicle registration office , which has its own stamp sticker.
Central office for occupational safety at the Federal Ministry of the Interior
The state trade offices are not authorized to issue orders for federal authorities. According to Occupational Safety and Health Act , the Central Office for Occupational Safety and Health at the Federal Ministry of the Interior, on whose behalf the Federal and Railway Accident Insurance Acts, is responsible. The European Union has already generally stated that the proximity of the control authority and the controlled authority - in Germany both federal authorities - is ineffective. Financial sanctions would only be rebooking within the federal government and would therefore be largely ineffective. Administrative disputes are protracted and are openly threatened by opposing federal authorities. The possibilities of the Central Office for Occupational Safety and Health and the Federal and Railway Accident Insurance are therefore limited. The involvement of the competent authorities is only permissible for employees due to a contractual duty of consideration after all internal options have been exhausted, as otherwise there is a reason for termination for the employer.(5) of the
Structure of the Federal Ministry of the Interior
(Status: July 2018) The minister is supported by a management staff at the head of the ministry. The following State Secretaries are subordinate to the Minister:
- Official State Secretaries: Hans-Georg Engelke , Klaus Vitt , Anne Katrin Bohle , Markus Kerber and Helmut Teichmann
- Parliamentary State Secretaries: Volkmar Vogel , Stephan Mayer and Günter Krings
The following departments are subordinate to State Secretary Engelke:
- Department Z ( Central Department )
- Department ATS ( Public Safety )
- Department B ( Federal Police )
- EU staff (EU coordination and EU Council Presidency)
The following departments are subordinate to State Secretary Vitt:
- DG department (digital society; administrative digitization and information technology )
- CI department (cyber and information security )
- Federal IT consolidation staff
The following departments are subordinate to State Secretary Bohle:
- SW department ( urban development , housing , public building law )
- BW department ( civil engineering , construction industry and federal buildings)
The following departments are subordinate to State Secretary Kerber:
The following departments are subordinate to State Secretary Teichmann:
- Department M ( Migration ; Refugees ; Return Policy )
- Department KM (Crisis Management and Civil Protection )
- Department V ( Constitutional Law ; Constitutional Law ; Administrative Law )
- Department D ( Public Service )
The subordinate division of the Federal Ministry of the Interior comprises 20 authorities and 60,000 employees (as of March 2019).
New building of the office in Berlin
Until April 2015, the Berlin office in the city was spread over three properties, including the Spree-Bogen . For reasons of security and economy , these should be combined in a new building, which also has enough space to concentrate the entire ministry on this one location in order to save the Bonn office. Designed by the architects Thomas Müller and Ivan Reimann this was built on the north side of the River Spree in the district Moabit of the Mitte district , between the Chancellery Garden and the Berlin Central Station , close to the Berlin rail -Viadukt. In April 2009 the budget committee of the German Bundestag approved the building project. The construction costs should be around 200 million euros. After the then Federal Minister of the Interior Thomas de Maizière broke ground on December 16, 2010, the new building was temporarily stopped in July 2011 due to disputes over the award of the contract and resumed in November 2011. The topping-out ceremony took place on May 22, 2013, and the building was finished in autumn 2014. The move took place over a single weekend from April 24th to April 26th, 2015.
A memorial commemorates the coming in at the service of killed employees of the business unit BMI. It consists of three steles inserted into the fence of the new BMI building in Berlin, on which the name, date of birth and date of death of the deceased are engraved under the words “They died in service for our country”. The 75 people affected, 19 of whom were killed in foreign deployments , are 50 members of the Federal Police or the former Federal Border Police , 20 employees and helpers of the Technical Relief Agency (THW) and five officials from the Federal Criminal Police Office, including state employees seconded to these authorities .
Federal Minister since 1949
|No.||Surname||image||Political party||Beginning of the term of office||Term expires||Term of office
|Federal Minister of the Interior|
|CDU||September 20, 1949||October 11, 1950||386||Adenauer I.|
|CDU||October 11, 1950||October 20, 1953||1105||Adenauer I.|
|CDU||October 20, 1953||November 13, 1961||2854||
|CSU||November 14, 1961||October 25, 1965||1441||
|CDU||October 26, 1965||April 2nd, 1968||889||
|CDU||April 2nd, 1968||October 21, 1969||567||Kiesinger|
|FDP||October 22, 1969||May 16, 1974||1667||
|FDP||May 16, 1974||June 8, 1978||1464||
|FDP||June 8, 1978||17th September 1982||1562||
|SPD||17th September 1982||October 1, 1982||14th||Schmidt III|
|CSU||4th October 1982||April 21, 1989||2391||
|CDU||April 21, 1989||November 26, 1991||949||
|CDU||November 26, 1991||July 7, 1993||589||Kohl IV|
|CDU||July 7, 1993||October 27, 1998||1938||
|SPD||October 27, 1998||November 22, 2005||2583||
|CDU||November 22, 2005||October 28, 2009||1436||Merkel I|
Thomas de Maizière
|CDU||October 28, 2009||March 3, 2011||491||Merkel II|
|CSU||March 3, 2011||17th December 2013||1020||Merkel II|
Thomas de Maizière
|CDU||17th December 2013||March 14, 2018||1551||Merkel III|
|Federal Minister of the Interior, for Building and Home Affairs|
|CSU||March 14, 2018||in office||894||Merkel IV|
Parliamentary State Secretaries
- 1967–1968: Ernst Benda ( CDU )
- 1968–1969: Heinrich Köppler (CDU)
- 1969–1972: Wolfram Dorn ( FDP )
- 1972–1974: Kurt Jung (FDP)
- 1972–1978: Gerhart Baum (FDP)
- 1974–1976: Jürgen Schmude ( SPD )
- 1976–1982: Andreas von Schoeler (FDP)
- 1982–1991: Carl-Dieter Spranger ( CSU )
- 1982–1997: Horst Waffenschmidt (CDU)
- 1991–1998: Eduard Lintner (CSU)
- 1997–1998: Manfred Carstens (CDU)
- 1998–2002: Cornelie Sonntag-Wolgast (SPD)
- 1998–2005: Fritz Rudolf Körper (SPD)
- 2002–2005: Ute Vogt (SPD)
- 2005–2009: Peter Altmaier (CDU)
- 2005–2013: Christoph Bergner (CDU)
- 2009–2018: Ole Schröder (CDU)
- since 2013: Günter Krings (CDU)
- 2018–2020: Marco Wanderwitz (CDU)
- since 2018: Stephan Mayer (CSU)
- since 2020: Volkmar Vogel (CDU)
Official State Secretaries
- 1950–1960: Hans Ritter von Lex ( CSU )
- 1951–1957: Karl Theodor Bleek ( FDP )
- 1957–1962: Georg Anders
- 1960–1965: Josef Hölzl
- 1962–1966: Hans Schäfer
- 1965–1968: Werner Ernst
- 1966–1969: Karl Gumbel
- 1969–1971: Hans Schäfer
- 1969–1983: Günter Hartkopf
- 1971–1973: Wolfgang Rutschke (FDP)
- 1974–1985: Siegfried Fröhlich
- 1983–1991: Franz Kroppenstedt ( CDU )
- 1985-1992: Hans Neusel
- 1991–1996: Walter Priesnitz
- 1992–1993: Johannes Vöcking (CDU)
- 1993–1998: Kurt Schelter (CDU)
- 1995–1998: Eckart Werthebach (CDU)
- 1998–2002: Brigitte Zypries ( SPD )
- 1998–2003: Claus Henning Schapper (SPD)
- 2003–2005: Göttrik Wewer (SPD)
- 2003-2005: Lutz Diwell
- 2005–2009: August Hanning
- 2006: Hans Bernhard Beus
- 2006–2007: Johann Hahlen
- 2008–2010: Hans Bernhard Beus
- 2009–2013: Klaus-Dieter Fritsche (CSU)
- 2010–2015: Cornelia Rogall-Grothe
- 2014–2018: Emily Haber
- 2018–2019: Gunther Adler (SPD)
- since 2015: Hans-Georg Engelke
- 2015–2020: Klaus Vitt
- since 2018: Helmut Teichmann
- since 2018: Markus Kerber
- since 2019: Anne Katrin Bohle
- since 2020: Markus Richter
- Website of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Home Affairs
- Information on the new building for the Federal Ministry of the Interior in Berlin (PDF; 1.8 MB)
- Official website for the research project dealing with the post-war history of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Homeland (BMI) and the Ministry of the Interior of the GDR (MdI)
- BMI - The BMI introduces itself
- Bundeshaushalt.de: www.Bundeshaushalt.de. Retrieved August 30, 2019 .
- Abbreviations. (PDF; 49 kB) Abbreviations for the constitutional organs, the highest federal authorities and the highest federal courts. In: bund.de. Federal Office of Administration (BVA), accessed on August 14, 2016 .
- Information on the new building project of the Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks for the future housing of the Federal Ministry of the Interior ( Memento from November 19, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Research group on the history of the interior ministries in Bonn and East Berlin - Research group on the history of the interior ministries in Bonn and East Berlin. Retrieved November 10, 2017 .
- ZZF Potsdam, IfZ Munich-Berlin: Final report of the preliminary study on the subject of "The post-war history of the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI) and the Ministry of the Interior of the GDR (MdI) with regard to possible personal and material continuities at the time of National Socialism" , October 29, 2015 , P. 24.
- Many former NSDAP members , Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, November 5, 2015. p. 4.
- ZZF Potsdam, IfZ Munich-Berlin: Final report of the preliminary study , p. 33.
- Frank Bösch / Andreas Wirsching (ed.): Guardian of order. The interior ministries in Bonn and East Berlin after National Socialism. Wallstein, Göttingen 2018, ISBN 978-3-8353-3206-5 .
- BMI press release: Guardians of Order - History Institutes present results of the project to process the post-war history of the two German interior ministries. Retrieved June 29, 2018 .
- BMI topics. Retrieved April 14, 2018 .
- Organization chart of the BMI (page 3 ff.). Retrieved July 20, 2018 .
- Our authorities and institutions. Retrieved March 7, 2019 .
- Press release of the Federal Ministry of the Interior: New building of the BMI
- There is a lot of space in Berlin, Berliner Zeitung, April 22, 2014
- De Maizière breaks ground ( memento of March 12, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- Ralf Schönball: New building of the Federal Ministry of the Interior temporarily stopped . July 13, 2011.
- Federal Ministry of the Interior: BMI new building: construction freeze lifted ( Memento from March 12, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- Press release of the Federal Ministry of the Interior: Topping-out ceremony for the new BMI building
- Federal Ministry of the Interior: Relocation to the new building in Moabiter Werder. April 27, 2015.
- “They died in the service of our country”. In: BMI. Retrieved April 26, 2019 .
-  Internet site Wolfgang Schäuble, inauguration of the wall of honor at the Federal Ministry of the Interior, September 14, 2009