Business area

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In public administration in Germany, business area denotes both the factual and institutional area of responsibility .

The term is mainly used in relation to the federal and state ministries. The division includes the ministry and subordinate institutions. He is the minister's area of responsibility . If the term “subordinate business area” is used, the ministry is not included. For the federal government, the business area is determined in the rules of procedure of the federal government (GO BReg) and the organizational decree of the Federal Chancellor issued on the basis of Section 9 thereof .

The business area refers to the function of the authorities, which, under the responsibility of the competent minister, manage the department. The Joint Rules of Procedure of the Federal Ministries (GGO) stipulate that the Federal Ministries perform those tasks “which serve to fulfill or support government functions. This includes in particular [...] the performance of control and supervisory functions vis-à-vis the subordinate business area ”(Section 3 (1) GGO).

Authorities are usually strictly organized according to subject areas. For example, the task-related structure of the tax offices is not regulated uniformly across the country, but types of work areas (positions) can be distinguished, which are not set up in every tax office. In tax offices, the work area and the subject area comprising several work areas form the constituent organizational units , with the work areas being administered by clerks and the subject areas being managed by department heads. The work area is the smallest organizational unit to which certain, distinct tasks are assigned. The subject areas for the assessment taxes are called sub-districts . This ensures that employees can apply their existing specialist knowledge in specific sub-areas.

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