Federal Institute for Sport Science
Federal Institute for Sport Science
|legal form||unincorporated federal agency|
|Supervisory authority||Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Home Affairs|
|founding||October 10, 1970|
Bonn North Rhine-Westphalia
|Authority management||Ralph Tiesler
|Budget volume||4.07 million EUR (2019)|
The Federal Institute for Sport Science ( BISp ) is a federal institution with no legal capacity in the business area of the German Federal Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Home Affairs . The seat of the Federal Institute is in Bonn ; the buildings are located in the Bonn-Castell district (formerly Düppel barracks ).
The tasks of the Federal Institute for Sport Science (BISp) are laid down in a decree issued by the Federal Ministry of the Interior. As a result of the stronger focus on performance after the poor performance at the 1968 Olympic Games and in preparation for the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, the BISp was founded in 1970. Hermann Rieder became the founding director of the Federal Institute for Sports Science . He was followed in 1973 by August Kirsch , a professor at the German Sport University , who headed the facility until 1990. The sports medicine specialist Horst de Marées headed the BISp until 1995. Martin-Peter Büch then headed the institute until 2005. He was followed by Jürgen Fischer and, since September 2018, Ralph Tiesler. The current version of the constitutional decree is dated November 18, 2010, published in GMBl 2010, 85/86, pp. 1751–1752. The Federal Institute for Sport Science has the task of determining the need for research and initiating, promoting and coordinating research projects in the field of sport (departmental research), evaluating the research results and transferring the research results into practice in cooperation with sport in a target group-oriented manner. This applies in particular to the areas of top-class sport including the promotion of young talent and the search for talent , sports equipment , the fight against doping , issues relating to the development of sport that are important for the Federal Republic of Germany as a whole and cannot be effectively promoted by a single federal state.
The research funding of the BISp is based on the BISp's program for setting priorities in sports science research, which was agreed on April 26, 2007 with the expert committee and the scientific advisory board. It takes place on the one hand by subsidizing research applications and on the other hand by initiating, planning and awarding research projects.
Within the framework of the Scientific Network System in Competitive Sports (WVL), the Federal Institute is responsible for a. the task of coordinating departmental research projects at universities and private-sector research institutes with projects at the top-class sport institutes of the German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB). Furthermore, the Federal Institute for Sports Science has the task of providing the Federal Ministry of the Interior with technical advice in the performance of its tasks in the field of sports and contributes to national and international standardization in the field of sports facility construction and sports equipment development .
Another task of the BISp is the assessment of the projects of the institutes for applied training science (IAT) and research and development of sports equipment (FES). The implementation of the success control according to § 44 BHO for the projects of the institutes IAT and FES was assigned to the BISp by a separate decree on the transfer of tasks.
In addition, one of the tasks of the BISp is to collect, process and document external data on research projects and findings related to competitive sport for target group-oriented information provision and as an instrument for advisory activities for sport policy, science and sport. To this end, the BISp operates the sports information portal SURF (www.bisp-surf.de) with the databases SPOLIT (literature database), SPOFOR (research project database), SPOMEDIA (audiovisual media) and the specialist information guide on sport (internet sources). In addition, the BISp offers a great deal of information for top-class sport on other Internet portals and topic pages. The following online offers are currently available: BISp online news, a sports psychological information and contact portal as well as themed pages on the funding priorities "back pain", "craniocerebral trauma", "innovation in top sport" and "sports infrastructure".
The BISP had "a central role for the German anabolic steroids research in the interaction of the full-time and voluntary apparatus", Ommo Grupe as chairman of the board of directors and sports medicine specialist Joseph Keul had "central positions", according to the study "Doping in Germany from 1950 to today from a historical-sociological point of view in the context of ethical legitimation ”, which was commissioned by the BISp. According to the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , "the state-funded institution (...) has been promoting doping research practically from the day it was founded in 1970."
The results of investigations have been withheld, according to the assessment of sports historian Erik Eggers , “the BISp and the anabolic-friendly sports physicians” avoided greater attention “in order not to endanger their scientific goal of justifying the administration of anabolic steroids to athletes. With this decision, the responsible persons accepted the health damage of many athletes. ”According to the study, the BISp was to be assessed as a“ compliant instrument for the development of third-party sites ”. The institute did not enforce its ideas, but rather the "concepts of the existing networks" were imposed on it in sports medicine. According to Eggers, the BISp and the elite of the German sports associations had long before 1976 pursued the goal of "celebrating greater successes with the administration of anabolic steroids in top-class sport". According to the weekly newspaper Die Zeit , the BISp “primarily served” to “scientifically legitimize anabolic doping”. The fact that Wildor Hollmann and Joseph Keul, two of the leading sports medicine specialists in West Germany, determined the specialist committee of the BISp for years and thus had a major influence on how the institute's research funds were distributed, the funds went to Hollmann's and Keuls Institutes in Cologne and Freiburg in particular. Der Spiegel wrote: “For many years the Freiburg institute collected six-figure sums from the BISp.” And: “In order to supply his Cologne institute, Hollmann did not miss out on the BISp, this state cornucopia. In the BISp's Medical Committee, the Cologne cardiologist kept his hand on the budget right from the start. ”The study speaks of a“ dominance of the sports medicine axis Cologne-Freiburg ”, and the research funds allocated by the BISp are“ used without real control ” been. Hollmann rejected this, emphasizing that under his chairmanship (1970 to 1992) in the BISp's technical committee, “there was never arbitrariness in decisions”.
In the first volume of “The Anti-Doping Handbook”, the long-time BISp director Kirsch is described as “probably the top functionary in the history of German sport exposed to the highest levels of doping”.
The BISp was accused of having integrated important sports institutions in the GDR, namely the Research Institute for Physical Culture and Sport in Leipzig, the doping control laboratory in Kreischa and the research and development center for sports equipment in Berlin. With that, "the poison cabinets of the GDR (...) in reunified sport" remained.
- Homepage of the Federal Institute for Sport Science
- Sports information portal SURF - Focus on sports and research
- BISp online news
- Sports psychology internet portal
- Topic portal WISS = "We" | Innovation in top-class sport
- Sports infrastructure theme portal
- Topic portal RanRücken (funding focus back pain)
- Topic portal traumatic brain injury in sport
- § 1 constitutional decree on the Federal Institute for Sport Science (BISp) of November 18, 2010
- Federal Budget 2020 - Section 06 - Federal Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Home Affairs. Federal Ministry of Finance, accessed on August 27, 2020 (overview of positions / positions: page 302).
- Bundeshaushalt.de: www.Bundeshaushalt.de. Retrieved August 30, 2019 .
- H. Strang and G. Spitzer: "Doping in Germany from 1950 to today from a historical-sociological perspective in the context of ethical legitimation" Research project 2009-2012 initiated by the DOSS, commissioned and funded by the SISp. 2011, accessed March 24, 2019 .
- Michael Reinsch, Berlin: Medals for Munich: State-sponsored doping . ISSN 0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed March 24, 2019]).
- Victoria Reith: Doping in the FRG: The institute that the dopers trusted . In: The time . August 8, 2013, ISSN 0044-2070 ( zeit.de [accessed March 24, 2019]).
- Detlef Hacke, Udo Ludwig: SPORTS HISTORY: “I only want one thing: medals” . In: Der Spiegel . tape 39 , September 26, 2011 ( spiegel.de [accessed March 24, 2019]).
- Rüdiger Nickel, Theo Rous: Das Anti-Doping-Handbuch, Volume 1: Basics . Meyer & Meyer Sport, 2009, ISBN 978-3-89899-423-1 , pp. 270 .