Ommo group

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Ommo Grupe (born November 4, 1930 in Warsingsfehn ; † February 26, 2015 in Tübingen ) was a German sports scientist and sports official. The native of East Frisia is considered the nestor of sports science in Germany.


In 1968, Grupe was the first in the Federal Republic to qualify in the discipline of sports science . During the Weimar Republic and the Nazi era, there were already isolated cases of habilitation, B. by Klemens Wildt in the history and pedagogy of physical exercises (1933 at the University of Rostock ), who was professor and director of the institute for physical exercises at the University of Bonn since 1962. According to the assessment of the German Association for Sports Science, Grupe had "a decisive role in" making sports science a subject at universities. Grupe was particularly fascinated and preoccupied with the educational and ethical-moral issues in sport. He took the view that only competitive sport "that does not follow the maxims of the entertainment industry and political guidelines, but develops its own forms of experience and experience" remains true to its pedagogical idea.

According to the sports historian Michael Krüger , Grupe pursued the vision of a “better sport”. His work was directed towards sport, scientific support and research into sport and humane sport. He campaigned for “'mature athletes', fair play and a demanding school and club sport that is well recognized in politics, the public, culture and science”.

To a large extent, school sport bears the signature of the scientific findings of the group and its Tübingen team in the early 1970s. As director of the Institute for Sports Science at the University of Tübingen for decades , it was thanks to Grupe that the Sports Institute at the University of Tübingen was regarded as the “center and mecca of German sports education and sports science”, Krüger judged.

Grupe was always a functionary too. Since 1962 he was a member of the advisory board of the German Sports Association (DSB) (today the German Olympic Sports Association ), since 1974 he has been a member of the Presidium, and from 1986 to 1994 he was Vice President of the DSB. For 26 years he was chairman of the board of directors of the Federal Institute for Sports Science in Cologne (now in Bonn). After the 1976 Summer Olympics and the headlines about the performance-enhancing funds used there in the German Olympic team, Grupe headed a commission set up by the German Sports Confederation and the National Olympic Committee , which worked out the "Declaration of principles of the DSB and the NOK for top-class sport", which was published in June 1977 has been. In this declaration of principle it was said, among other things, that “the German sports movement” rejects “any medical-pharmacological influence on performance and technical manipulation of the athlete for the purpose of increasing performance”. According to Krüger, the declaration of principle was the group's hope of being able to “counteract the moral decline in sport”, but it also contained a section that, according to Erik Eggers, was “basically a license for doping in sports medicine”. In 1983, again under Group leadership, a new version was presented. In 2012, Grupe said the policy statements had remained "almost ineffective".

The Federal Institute for Sports Science (BISP) had "a central role for the German anabolic steroids research in the interaction of the full-time and the voluntary apparatus", Grupe as chairman of the board of directors and Keul had taken "central positions", according to the study "Doping in Germany from 1950 until today from a historical-sociological point of view in the context of ethical legitimation ”. In 2013, Grupe commented that, as chairman of the BISp's board of directors, he had not done anything against the funding of doping studies (the BISp decided on the allocation of research funds) with the words "I noticed some things that happened very late". Anabolic steroids were "always mediated as a medical indication" by the sports physicians in the directorate, said Grupe. Herbert Reindell, as deputy chairman of the board of directors, had always said, according to Grupe, "he was against doping, but research must be carried out into the harmful side effects it has."

Grupe was always concerned about the independence of sport from the ministerial bureaucracy. Grupe emphasized that the interests of sport are not always in line with the interests of the ministries and one has to fight for independence.

Grupe was the founder of the journal Sports Science (The German Journal of Sports Science) and edited the magazine for more than three decades as managing editor. In April 2005, Grupe was in Munster passed solemnly from the editorial board of the journal.

Grupe was editor of the series Sports Science - Approaches and Results published by Verlag Karl Hofmann .



  • 1959: physical exercise and education
  • 1965: Studies on the pedagogical theory of physical education
  • 1968: Introduction to the theory of physical education
  • 1969: Basics of sports education
  • 1982: Exercise, play and performance in sport. Basic topics in sports anthropology
  • 1985: Sport and physical education (with Helmuth Plessner and Hans Erhard Bock )
  • 1987: sport as culture
  • 2000: Lexicon of ethics in sport (with Dietmar Mieth)
  • 2000: The sense of sport

Publications through Ommo Grupe

  • Ommo Grupe, Nestor of Sports Science Film by Fritz Dannenmann (videotape in the AVZ of the Heidelberg University of Education).
  • For a better sport. Ommo Grupe for the 60th birthday. Edited by Hartmut Gabler and Ulrich Göhner.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Grupe, Ommo. Retrieved September 18, 2018 .
  2. Hermann Altrock already held an extraordinary professorship in 1925 . A life for sports science ( Memento from March 7, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  4. ^ Honorary membership of the Ommo Grupe. German Association for Sports Science, January 3, 2019, accessed on March 24, 2019 .
  5. a b Sports Science - Mourning for Ommo Grupe. In: Deutschlandfunk. Retrieved March 24, 2019 .
  6. a b c Michael Krüger: Ommo Grupe and his vision of sport. In: Sportwissenschaft (2015) 45: 55.Retrieved on March 24, 2019 .
  7. Institute | University of Tübingen. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
  8. ^ Andreas Singler, Gerhard Treutlein: Doping in top-class sport - sport-scientific analyzes of national and international performance development (sport development in Germany) . Meyer & Meyer Sport, 2012, ISBN 978-3-89899-192-6 , pp. 222.223 .
  9. Declaration of principles for top-class sport. In: Retrieved March 24, 2019 .
  10. H. Strang and G. Spitzer: "Doping in Germany from 1950 to today from a historical-sociological point of view in the context of ethical legitimation" Research project 2009-2012 initiated by the DOSS, commissioned and funded by the SISp. 2011, accessed March 24, 2019 .
  11. Jana Simon , Anna Kemper , Urs Willmann, Jan Schweitzer: Doping: Ommo Grupe, long-time BISp director . In: The time . August 15, 2013, ISSN  0044-2070 ( [accessed March 24, 2019]).
  12. The Hour of the Hypocrites. In: Retrieved March 24, 2019 .
  13. ^ H. Digel: Structural characteristics of the journal "Sportwissenschaft", retrospect and outlook at the end of a century, in: Sportwissenschaft 30 (2000), 1, 1-19; The importance of "sports science" in relation to other DOSB publications: Arnd Krüger , Uta Engels: 30 years of "competitive sport". Claim and Reality, in: competitive sport 31 (2001), 5, 4-9;