|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||73 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||193.41 km 2|
|Residents:||15,160 (Dec 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||78 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||29633|
|Area code :||05192|
|License plate :||HK|
|Community key :||03 3 58 016|
|LOCODE :||DE MUN|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Christina Fleckenstein ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Munster in the Heidekreis district|
Munster (formerly also known as Munsterlager ) is a small town in the Heidekreis district in Lower Saxony , roughly halfway between Hamburg and Hanover . Based on the number of soldiers stationed there, Munster is the largest location of the German army and the fourth largest location of the Bundeswehr . The city lies between the Munster- South and Munster-North military training areas . These areas of the Bundeswehr, which are not open to the public, as well as the large number of soldiers and civil servants of the Bundeswehr are part of the history and public life of the city. The training grounds partially limit growth and are one reason why Munster has retained its rural character despite its population comparable to that of the former district town of Soltau .
Munster is the largest garrison of the German army (see below). This is due to the military training areas in Munster North and South, which were set up in the 1890s and 1930s. The abandoned village of Lopau is located on the Munster-Nord military training area .
The prohibition of the public from entering the places has meant that habitats that are unique in Germany have been preserved there - especially on the Munster-Süd exercise area - and some animal species can be found there that are rarely found in Germany. In 2011, the first wolf in Lower Saxony was detected on the Munster-Nord square. In 2013 a couple of wolves gave birth to seven puppies here.
In 1252 the first documentary mention was made in a register of episcopal table goods as well as individual other incomes of the Bishop of Verden. The only document preserved on this is a copy by Christoph G. Pfannkuchen from the mid-19th century, which is kept in the historical library of the Domgymnasium in Verden .
At the beginning of 1945 Munster was declared a hospital town and occupied by British troops on April 17th. The barracks were used as a British garrison and prison camp. With around 1.7 million discharges, the camp became the largest release camp for prisoner-of-war soldiers of the Wehrmacht. As early as the early summer of 1945, the first service groups (Labor Service Units) were set up as the predecessors of the German Civil Labor Organization (GCLO), later the German Service Organization (GSO). In 1956 Munster became a garrison of the German Armed Forces and from 1990 onwards developed into the largest garrison in united Germany.
The town charter was awarded on 20 October 1967th Until July 31, 1977 the urban area belonged to the district of Soltau and then to the district of Soltau-Fallingbostel; Since August 1, 2011, this has been called the Heidekreis district.
On February 1, 1971, the communities of Alvern, Ilster, Oerrel, Töpingen and Trauen were incorporated. On July 1, 1972, Breloh followed and Lopau, which had been in the Uelzen district up until then , followed .
The Protestant St. Urbani Church, a brick building with a square west tower in field stone masonry , is a heather church that originally dates back to the 13th century. The original building was burned in 1519. It was rebuilt by the end of the 16th century . At the same time, a wooden bell tower was added to the church . In 1880/1881 the building was renovated and a transept was added. An organ was also installed . The sheepfold church of St. Martin , which opened in 1989 and is located at the end of Marienburger Strasse, was built from a former sheepfold. The Church of Peace , which was built in 1970/71 and also includes a kindergarten, is located in the Breloh district . The Evangelical Lutheran parishes of St. Martin, St. Urbani and Breloh in Munster joined forces on January 1, 2012 to form the Evangelical Lutheran parish of Munster. The St. Stephanus military church , consecrated in 1961 , on the street Zum Schützenwald, is visible from afar thanks to its 65-meter-high pointed tower. This staff parish , which also has a day-care center, includes all Protestant soldiers stationed in Munster, as well as those who follow the troops in the event of an emergency and their family members. All Protestant churches in Munster belong to the Soltau parish .
Catholic services have been held in various camp churches since the 1930s. In 1959/60 the St. Michael Church designed by Josef Fehlig was built. The church, equipped with a 37 meter high free-standing tower, is named after the Archangel Michael . It is used by both the military and the civil parish and belongs to the Deanery of Celle. The parish also has a kindergarten at the Klappgarten and the Heilig Geist church in Faßberg .
A New Apostolic Church is located on Worthweg, its congregation belongs to the Lüneburg district of the New Apostolic Church in Northern Germany .
The City Council of Munster consists of 32 councilors. This is the specified number for a city with a population of 15,060 (as of June 30, 2016). The 32 council members are elected for five years each by local elections. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor Christina Fleckenstein (SPD) is also entitled to vote in the city council.
The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:
The full-time mayor of Munster is Christina Fleckenstein (SPD). In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, she was elected with 54.7% of the vote. Your opponent, Mark Söhnholz, received 45.3%. The turnout was 50.6%. Fleckenstein took office on November 1, 2014 and replaced the previous incumbent Adolf Köthe (non-party), who had no longer stood as a candidate.
coat of arms
With a decree of March 4, 1937, the President of the Province of Hanover awarded the former municipality of Munster a coat of arms. The coat of arms showed on gold under a blue shield head, which is covered with a lying, gold-ripened silver sword, a fire-breathing red-armored blue dragon turned to the right. At the request of the council of Munster on April 18, 1967, the district president in Lüneburg decreed on May 17, 1967 to change the sign base of the coat of arms awarded in 1937 from gold to silver and to approve a local flag in the colors blue and white.
- Radcliff , Kentucky , USA , since 1984
- Michurinsk , Russia , since 1991
- Éragny-sur-Oise , France , since 1999
- Muggiò , Italy , since 2018
Culture and sights
- German tank museum
- St. Urbani Church (13th century)
- The Ollershof is a freely accessible open-air museum.
- The Schafstallkirche St. Martin is an old sheepfold that has been converted into a church.
- City library
- St. Stephen's Military Church: the only church in Germany assigned to only one military parish and the tallest building in Munster
- Lili Marleen figures “Before the Lantern”, created in 1987 by Claus Homfeld , Bremen. It stands at the place where the barracks gate to the Munster camp was located in 1893.
- Lower Saxony fountain with eight horses, which symbolize the formerly independent municipalities of the city, by Jos Pirkner (1991)
- All-weather pool Munster
- Flüggenhofsee recreation area
- 9-hole golf course Munster-Kohlenbissen, laid out in the early 1960s on a former airfield, in typical heather vegetation.
- Model car racing track "Hollmoorring"
- "Glass sculpture and garden", international exhibition every three years
Economy and Infrastructure
The largest economic factor and employer in Munster is the Bundeswehr . The companies Meyer Breloh (building materials, windows) and the 60-employee development and plant engineering company Frank Abels Consulting und Technology GmbH are of supraregional importance .
Munster is the largest location of the German Army and the fourth largest location of the Bundeswehr. In the 2011 deployment concept , 5270 posts are planned. There are also course participants. The Munster training center with its training areas for armored troops and army reconnaissance forces , the Panzer Training Brigade 9 with the Panzer Grenadier Training Battalion 92 , the Panzer Training Battalion 93 and the Artillery Training Battalion 325 , the Officer Candidate Battalion 1, the 2nd / Feldjäger Regiment 2 and a medical supply center are stationed in Munster . In addition, the Defense Science Institute for Protective Technologies - NBC protection , the military training area command and a Bundeswehr service center are located here. The Bundeswehr fire brigade has a fire station in Munster. The EAS operates the soldiers' home "OASE - Haus Oertze". Every year the “Information Training Exercise (ILÜ) Land Operations” takes place in Munster.
Already during the First World War, the proven German military on "gas space Breloh" chemical warfare agents for the gas forces involved in the 1915 Western Front for the first time were used. During disarmament work after the end of the war, a freight train loaded with ordnance exploded in Breloh in October 1919. With the establishment of the Heeresversuchsstelle Robberkammer in the Munster-Nord military training area, the Wehrmacht resumed testing of warfare agents in 1935 and operated a pilot plant for the production of tabun and sarin . After the Second World War , these facilities were blown up by British troops , but this led to contamination. After taking over the Munster-Nord military training area, the German Armed Forces set up a testing facility for NBC protection, from which the Defense Science Service for NBC protection and later the Defense Science Institute for NBC Protection emerged. The WWD has been operating an incineration plant since December 1982 to dispose of the numerous contaminated sites resulting from work with warfare agents. Since December 17, 1997, the operation of this and a second incineration plant has been transferred to the "Society for the disposal of chemical warfare agents and armaments contaminated sites (GEKA mbH)", a company organized under private law and 100 percent federally owned. These facilities are certified by international arms control treaties.
Since the 2008/2009 school year, Munster has housed two primary schools, a special school with a focus on learning support, a secondary school, a secondary school and a grammar school. The previously existing “Breloh Primary School” was merged with the “Am Süllberg” primary school to form the “Primary School in Örtzetal” due to the development of the number of pupils and now continues to exist as a branch.
Munster is located on the federal road 71 between Soltau and Uelzen near the BAB 7 . The most important public transport connection in the direction of Bremen , Hamburg and Hanover is the Munster train station on the traditional Uelzen – Langwedel railway , which originally ran as the American line from Berlin via Uelzen to Bremen and Bremerhaven . Until the suspension of compulsory military service in 2011, Munster was approached by Bundeswehr Intercitys , some of which stopped right at the barracks (Emminger Weg stop). Today only the Erixx railcars on the Bremen - Soltau - Uelzen route operate here . There is no regular passenger traffic on the Beckedorf – Munster railway line .
- Clemens Neuhaus (1927–1991), painter specialized in motifs from the Lüneburg Heath
- Hans-Jürgen Hellfritz (* 1947), Bundesliga soccer player, with Hamburger SV and Eintracht Braunschweig, among others
- Martin Visbeck (* 1963), oceanographer, climate researcher and university professor
- Mathias Jeschke (* 1963), editor, writer and editor
- Lars Klingbeil (* 1978), politician (SPD), Member of the Bundestag
- Marcus Wedau (* 1975), Bundesliga soccer player, among others at KFC Uerdingen 05 and MSV Duisburg
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Chronology of the wolves on the TrpÜbPl Munster
- On the history of Munster
- City history. City of Munster, accessed October 8, 2019 .
- 100 Years of Soldiers in Munster 1893–1993 , Manfred EW Ritter, p. 96 ff., Editor: Stadt Munster, August 1993
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 235 .
- Ecclesiastical gazette for the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover 6/2011, pp. 236–238
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on November 28, 2014
- Results of the 2011 local elections ( Memento of the original from December 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed November 28, 2014
- Greetings from the new mayor. City of Munster, accessed October 8, 2019 .
- Individual results of the direct elections on May 25, 2014 in Lower Saxony. (PDF) State Returning Officer, May 25, 2014, p. 123 , accessed on October 8, 2019 .
- Entry about the twin city Muggiò on the homepage of the city of Munster.Retrieved on April 24, 2019, 12:43
- Glass sculpture and garden 2019. Accessed on August 19, 2019 .
- Homepage. In: www.oase-munster.de. Retrieved October 24, 2019 .
- Günther W. Gellermann: The war that did not take place. Possibilities, considerations and decisions of the German supreme leadership regarding the use of chemical warfare agents in the Second World War . Koblenz: Bernard and Graefe 1986