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Memorial stone of the French garrison in Rastatt

A garrison (from the old French garrison , `` occupation '', `` equipment ''; hence garnish ) is the general name for a place where military units , troops , units , sub-units, military offices or facilities and the like are permanently housed. The military formations housed there are also usually referred to as garrisons.

The officer with the longest service in a garrison in terms of rank was called the garrison elder (today: location elder ) and was the superior of the entire garrison. He had to ensure that the garrison service was carried out in accordance with the rules, which referred to all activities relating to the garrison as a whole, such as guard service , court service, labor service and the like.

The provisions on the handling of garrison service for the German Reich were contained in the garrison service regulation of March 15, 1902. Larger garrison towns and forts had special commander, whom to support yet a place Major was added. Large fortresses and capitals also had a governor .

In larger garrison towns in Germany there were facilities such as dance cafés as well as on-site or garrison churches that were specifically intended for the visit of soldiers stationed there.

In Germany a garrison is called a location today , in Austria the term garrison is still in use. In Switzerland one speaks of the arms yard .

See also


  • Robert Bohn , Michael Epkenhans (ed.): Garrison towns in the 19th and 20th centuries (= IZRG series of publications. 16). Publishing house for regional history, Gütersloh 2015, ISBN 978-3-7395-1016-3 .
  • Henning Roet de Rouet: Frankfurt am Main as a Prussian garrison. From 1866 to 1914. Societäts-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2016, ISBN 978-3-95542-227-1 (Chemnitz, Technical University, dissertation, 2015).

Web links

Wiktionary: Garrison  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations