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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Rastatt
Map of Germany, position of the city of Rastatt highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 51 '  N , 8 ° 12'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Karlsruhe
County : Rastatt
Height : 124 m above sea level NHN
Area : 59.02 km 2
Residents: 49,783 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 843 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 76437
Primaries : 07222, 07229
License plate : RA, bra
Community key : 08 2 16 043
City structure: Core city and 5 districts

City administration address :
Marktplatz 1
76437 Rastatt
Website : www.rastatt.de
Lord Mayor : Hans Jürgen Pütsch ( CDU )
Location of the city of Rastatt in the Rastatt district
Rhein Frankreich Rheinland-Pfalz Enzkreis Sinzheim Sinzheim Sinzheim Baden-Baden Baden-Baden Baden-Baden Baden-Baden Baden-Baden Karlsruhe Landkreis Calw Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Karlsruhe Landkreis Karlsruhe Ortenaukreis Ortenaukreis Ortenaukreis Au am Rhein Bietigheim Bischweier Bühlertal Bühlertal Bühlertal Bühl (Baden) Durmersheim Elchesheim-Illingen Forbach (Baden) Gaggenau Gernsbach Hügelsheim Iffezheim Kuppenheim Lichtenau (Baden) Loffenau Muggensturm Muggensturm Ötigheim Ottersweier Ottersweier Rastatt Rheinmünster Rheinmünster Rheinmünster Rheinmünster Sinzheim Steinmauern Weisenbach Rheinmap
About this picture

Rastatt [ ˈʁaʃtat ] is a city in Baden-Württemberg , about 22 kilometers southwest of Karlsruhe and about twelve kilometers north of Baden-Baden . It is the district town and largest city in the Rastatt district and forms a central center for the surrounding communities. Rastatt has been a major district town since April 1, 1956 .

Rastatt was expanded into the baroque residence of the margraviate of Baden-Baden in the 18th century , was a federal fortress in the 19th century and a garrison town until the end of the 20th century . Rastatt has been the location of a Mercedes-Benz car plant since 1992 .


Location and topography

Aerial view of the city center of Rastatt with the castle
The city center with the Black Forest in the background

Rastatt is located in the 30 km wide Upper Rhine Plain , which is bordered by the Black Forest in the east and the French Vosges in the west . The highest point in the urban area is 130.0 m, the lowest point 110.5  m above sea level. NN . In the west, the Rhine forms the city limits and the border with France (Alsace, Grand Est region ). The Murg flows from south-east to north-west through the urban area and flows into the Rhine at its northernmost point. The humid Rhine lowlands here come particularly close to the Black Forest. This is why the two historic highways (now the B 3 and B 36 ) that run along the edges of the populated Lower Terrace meet in Rastatt.

Neighboring communities

The following cities and communities border the city of Rastatt. They are called clockwise , starting in the north:
Steinmauern , Ötigheim , Muggensturm , Bischweier and Kuppenheim (all district of Rastatt ), Baden-Baden (urban district), Iffezheim (district of Rastatt) and beyond the Rhine, in the Alsatian department of Bas-Rhin , the communities of Munchhausen , Beinheim and Seltz .

City structure

The urban area of ​​Rastatt consists of the core town and the districts of Niederbühl , Ottersdorf , Plittersdorf , Rauental and Wintersdorf, which were only incorporated as part of the community reform of the 1970s. The western districts of Ottersdorf, Plittersdorf and Wintersdorf near the Rhine form the so-called Ried . The districts are also localities within the meaning of the municipal code for Baden-Württemberg. In every locality there is a local council with a local councilor to be elected by the population in every local election . The local councils are to be heard on important matters affecting the locality. The districts and the core city also form residential districts within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code.

The Niederbühl district includes the villages of Niederbühl and Förch , Favorite Castle , the Murgerstal homestead and the houses on Rauentaler Straße and Grenzstraße colony. The districts of Ottersdorf, Rauental and Wintersdorf only include the villages of the same name. The Plittersdorf district includes the village of Plittersdorf, the Rheinwärterhaus and Im Binsenfeld houses. The city of Rastatt, the town of Rheinau, the homestead for experimentation and teaching and the house Fohlenweide belong to the core town of Rastatt.
The abandoned Hof Krienbach is located in the Niederbühl district, the Muffenheim desert in the Ottersdorf district , the Bodemshusen and Breitenholz desert in the core town of Rastatt and the Dunhausen desert in the Wintersdorf district .

The core city is further subdivided into the city ​​quarters Mitte, Zay, Nord (with Röttererberg and Biblis), Industry, South ("settlement"), Münchfeld, West and Rheinau.

The water tower is one of the landmarks of Rastatt

Spatial planning

Rastatt forms a middle center within the Middle Upper Rhine region , in which the city of Karlsruhe is designated as a regional center . In addition to the city of Rastatt, the cities and communities of Au am Rhein , Bietigheim , Bischweier , Durmersheim , Elchesheim-Illingen , Iffezheim , Kuppenheim , Muggensturm , Ötigheim and stone walls of the Rastatt district belong to the Rastatt central area . In addition, there are links with northern Alsace , including on the tourist, cultural and spatial planning level via the “Pamina” organization ( Regio Pamina ).

The city ​​of Rastatt has entered into an agreed administrative partnership with the communities of Iffezheim , Muggensturm , Ötigheim and Steinmauern .


Until the 18th century

Rastatt was first mentioned in a document around 1084 as Rasteten in a manuscript from the Hirsau monastery . On October 16, 1404, the place was raised to a market town by King Ruprecht . From 1500 the city was part of Baden in the Swabian Empire .

On August 24, 1689, Rastatt was burned down by French troops in the Palatinate War of Succession and almost completely destroyed as a result. When the settlement was rebuilt, a hunting lodge was built from 1697 onwards by Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm , who in 1699 ordered the conversion of the hunting lodge into a residence, Rastatt Castle . Rastatt then received city ​​rights around 1700 .

The garden facade of Rastatt Castle
Memorial stone to the Rastatt envoy murder

The War of the Spanish Succession was ended in the Peace of Rastatt in 1714 . Gratitude for the peace, the Marchioness had Franziska Sibylla Augusta in 1715 by her court architect Johann Michael Ludwig Rohrer a replica of Einsiedeln Chapel of Einsiedeln in Rastatt build.

The Rastatt palace complex was expanded and remained the residential palace of the margraviate of Baden-Baden until 1771 . Then the territory fell by inheritance to the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach . Rastatt was no longer a royal seat, but it remained a Baden garrison town for a long time . Early attempts at industrialization failed. Rastatt almost became a university town in 1776 , but the plans for a Rastatt university were discarded for lack of money .

From 1797 to 1799 peace negotiations took place here with a total of 97 conferences between France and Prussia with the participation of Austria, French Congrès de Rastatt . They ended with the Rastatt envoy murder .

19th century

Even after the transition to Baden-Durlach, Rastatt was the seat of an office or higher office / district office that belonged to the Murgkreis, whose seat was also in Rastatt. From 1832 the district office of Rastatt belonged to the Middle Rhine District, whose seat was also in Rastatt until 1847.

On May 11, 1849, the uprising in the Rastatt fortress ushered in the third uprising of the Baden Revolution , which ended on July 23, 1849 with the surrender of the revolutionaries in the fortress.

In 1863 the Rastatt district office came to the Baden-Baden district, which was not dissolved until 1939. Since then, Rastatt has been the seat of the district of the same name, which was founded at that time and which reached its current size during the district reform on January 1, 1973.

20th century

Jewish families had lived in the city for a long time and they built the second synagogue at Leopoldring 2 . This church of the Jewish community was desecrated and burned down by SA men during the November pogrom in 1938 . On the remaining rabbinate building next door, a plaque commemorates this event. Since 1972, a memorial stone in the Jewish cemetery on Karlsruher Strasse / the corner of Gerwigstrasse has been commemorating the at least 52 Jewish women, children and men murdered in the Shoah .

In view of the danger of bombs at the end of World War II, the church parishes made a pledge to save the city on the initiative of the Catholic pastor at the time, Emil Schätzle. In fact, Rastatt was spared the hail of bombs during an attack on January 7, 1945: Although the baroque city center was supposed to be destroyed, the bombs fell on the as yet uninhabited Röttererberg.

Poststrasse in Rastatt

Between 1946 and 1954, on the basis of the Control Council Act No. 10, around twenty major criminal proceedings (the so-called Rastatt trials ) for crimes against foreign workers and prisoners in smaller camps of the National Socialist camp system in southwest Germany took place before the Tribunal Général of the French military administration , with altogether more than 2,000 defendants.

The population of the city of Rastatt exceeded the 20,000 mark in 1953. Rastatt was therefore declared a major district town by law when the Baden-Württemberg municipal code came into force on April 1, 1956 .


The following communities were incorporated into Rastatt:

  • Winter village March 31, 1974: Wintersdorf

Population development

Population development of Rastatt.svgPopulation development of Rastatt - from 1871
Population development in Rastatt. Above from 1650 to 2016. Below an excerpt from 1871

Population figures according to the respective area. The figures are estimates, census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ).

year population
1650 1,700
1800 3,040
1834 5,634
1852 7,424
December 1, 1871 11,560
December 1, 1880¹ 12,356
December 1, 1890¹ 11,557
December 1, 1900 ¹ 13,941
December 1, 1910¹ 15,196
October 8, 1919 ¹ 12,310
June 16, 1925 ¹ 14.003
June 16, 1933 ¹ 14,208
May 17, 1939 ¹ 17,415
year population
1946 13,526
September 13, 1950 ¹ 16,390
June 6, 1961 ¹ 24,067
May 27, 1970 ¹ 29,850
December 31, 1975 38.030
December 31, 1980 37.297
May 25, 1987 ¹ 39,660
December 31, 1990 42,376
December 31, 1995 46,857
December 31, 2000 45,655
December 31, 2005 47,688
December 31, 2010 47,554
December 31, 2015 48.051
December 31, 2016 48,494
December 31, 2017 49,100

¹ census result




Rastatt initially belonged to the diocese of Speyer and was subordinate to the Archdiakonat Stift St. German and Moritz in Speyer. In the 16th century the Reformation was able to exert a temporary influence. Protestantism was present even under Baden-Durlach administration from 1594 to 1622 , but the place remained predominantly Catholic. The parish of the later town belonged initially to the diocese of Speyer, from 1810 to the rural chapter of Kuppenheim and then to the general vicariate of Bruchsal before becoming part of the newly founded archdiocese of Freiburg in 1821/27 . Rastatt became the seat of a deanery , which was renamed from deanery Murgtal to deanery Rastatt on January 1, 2008 and to which a total of 37 parishes belong.

The main Catholic parish church in Rastatt is the St. Alexander Church , built in 1756 on the market square. In 1930 the Herz-Jesu-Kirche was established in the former officers' mess of the Fusilier Regiment No. 40 in the “Dörfel” district south of the Murg. In 1973 the Twelve Apostles Church was built on the Röttererberg and in 1986 the Holy Cross Church in the Rheinau district, where the Rheinau Chapel from the late 18th century can also be found on the old Plittersdorfer Landstrasse. There is also a Catholic church in each of the districts of Rastatt: St. Laurentius Niederbühl (built in 1853) and the new parish church from 1974, St. Agidius Ottersdorf (rebuilt in 1833), the neo-Romanesque church of St. Jakobus Plittersdorf, St. Anna chapel in Rauental ( built 1721) and church from 1931 as well as St. Michael Wintersdorf (built 1756 with older parts).

Protestant town church Rastatt

From 1773 there were Protestant services again in Rastatt. From 1777 the library room of the palace served as a meeting place. In 1807 the congregation received the church of the Franciscan monastery, which had been dissolved two years earlier, in the immediate vicinity of the castle. After the Second World War, the congregation, which had grown strongly due to refugees, was divided into Michaels and Johannes congregations. In 1962, the Thomas community with its own community center was added to the settlement. The Johannesgemeinde received a new church on the outskirts of the city on the Röttererberg in 1965 and was separated in 1979: The new building area Rheinau and Rheinau-Nord has since been pastored by the Petrusgemeinde, which moved into a new church with a community center in Gewann Oberwald in 1982. The Michaelsgemeinde as the mother congregation of the Rastatt Protestants includes the inner city with the industrial area and the residential area west of the Murg. The parish of Rastatt belongs to the parish of Baden-Baden and Rastatt within the Evangelical Church in Baden . In the districts of Rastatt there are branch parishes, some of which (Ottersdorf and Wintersdorf) are pastored by the independent parish of Iffezheim.

In addition to the two large churches, there are also free churches and congregations in Rastatt , including an evangelical free church congregation ( Baptists ) and an Adventist congregation.


A Jewish community already existed in Rastatt in the Middle Ages, as there were reports of persecution of Jews in the city in 1337/38. A modern Jewish community was founded in the 16./17. Founded in the 19th century and existed until October 22, 1940, when the last 30 Jewish residents of the city were deported to the Gurs concentration camp . The Jewish community of Rastatt owned a synagogue , a school, a ritual bath and, since 1881, a Jewish cemetery. The community hired its own religion teacher who was also active as a prayer leader and schochet .


There is also a large Muslim community in Rastatt , for which three mosques are available: the Haci Bayram Cammi of DİTİB , the mosque of the IGMG and the Suleymaniye Mosque of the VIKZ . Most of the Muslims in Rastatt are immigrants : Since the guest worker days , v. a. Turkish immigrants to the city.


City council since 2019
7th 7th 4th 12 
A total of 47 seats

Municipal council

The council of the city of Rastatt has since the local elections on May 26, 2019 a total of 47 members have the title 'Councilor / City Council. " With a turnout of 44.9% (2014: 35.2%), the election led to the following result:

Party / list Share of votes +/-% p Seats +/-
CDU 25.9% - 10.6 12 - 5th
SPD 18.5% - 6.1 9 - 3
FWG 15.0% - 0.9 7th ± 0
GREEN 15.6% + 5.6 7th + 2
For 7.6% - 1.3 4th ± 0
FDP 4.7% + 0.7 2 ± 0
AfD 11.3% + 11.3 5 + 5
LEFT 1.5% + 1.5 1 + 1


At the beginning of the village of Rastatt stood the mayor appointed by the sovereign. The administration was incumbent on a mayor and twelve councilors. The mayor served for life, the mayor for a year. In the 16th century the Schultheiß was filtered through a sub-Vogt or sub Amtmann replaced. The senior bailiff in charge was in Kuppenheim. After the city regulations were introduced in 1831, a lord mayor and ten councilors headed the city administration.

Hans Jürgen Pütsch has been Lord Mayor of Rastatt since December 17, 2007 . He was elected on September 30, 2007 with 51.07% of the vote, but was initially unable to take office due to an objection. He was therefore initially appointed as a clerk with all rights and duties with the exception of the right to vote in the city council. After the objection was rejected and the objection period had expired, he was appointed mayor on January 7, 2008. On September 23, 2015, he was re-elected with 77.53 percent of the valid votes. The only opposing candidate, Peter Kalmbacher, received 18.26 percent. The turnout was only 22.02 percent.

Mayor and Lord Mayor

  • 1715–1746: Johann Nagel
  • 1746–1752: Nikolaus Klee
  • 1752–1756: Friedrich Kahe
  • 1757–1766: Johan Klehe
  • 1767–1769: Johann Höllmann
  • 1770–1775: Johann Anton
  • 1775–1782: Johann Merck
  • 1782–1786: Josef Klee
  • 1786-1793: Johann Merck
  • 1793–1801: Johannes Franz
  • 1801-1806: Simon Meyer
  • 1806-1819: Johann Wolff
  • 1819–1827: Johann Feyler
  • 1827–1833: Ignaz Höllmann
  • 1833–1849: Josef Müller
  • 1849: Ludwig Sallinger
  • 1849–1859: Heinrich Hammer
  • 1859–1863: Gustav Wagner
  • 1863–1880: Ludwig Sallinger
  • 1880: Otto Armbruster
  • 1881–1887: Albert Hirtler
  • 1887–1897: Albert Stigler
  • 1897–1898: Otto Hardung
  • 1898–1913: Alfred Bräunig
  • 1913–1933: August Renner
  • 1933–1934: Dr. Karl Fees
  • 1934–1945: Dr. Ernst Hein
  • 1945: Franz Roth
  • 1945–1946: Karl Geiges (provisional)
  • 1946–1948: Franz Maier
  • 1949–1955: Max Jäger
  • 1955–1975: Dr. Richard Kunze
  • 1975–1991: Dr. H. c. Franz J. Rothenbiller
  • 1991 to November 30, 2007: Klaus-Eckhard Walker
  • December 1, 2007 to December 17, 2007: Wolfgang Hartweg (provisionally in his role as Deputy Mayor)
  • since December 17, 2007: Hans Jürgen Pütsch (until January 7, 2008 as administrative administrator appointed by the municipal council)

coat of arms

The coat of arms used until 1995

The coat of arms of the city of Rastatt shows a split shield in front in gold and a red sloping bar, in the back a golden wine ladder in red . The city flag is yellow-red.

On the one hand, the coat of arms indicates Rastatt's historical role as a transshipment point in the Upper Rhine wine trade before the correction of the Rhine . On the other hand, it is considered a " talking coat of arms " because the wine ladder is called "Raste" in the vernacular. This has been depicted in the seals since the 15th century. The inclined beam from Baden was later included in the coat of arms. In the 19th century, the wine ladder gradually gained acceptance. The Baden Ministry of the Interior then approved the coat of arms in a split shield with both symbols on March 6, 1895. Nevertheless, the simple form of the wine ladder was used as a coat of arms in the following years, until the municipal council finally determined the officially given form of the coat of arms, the split shield with sloping beam and wine ladder, on December 18, 1995.

Town twinning

The city of Rastatt maintains the following cities twinning :

Culture and sights

Rastatt Castle, courtyard view
Favorite Castle, front view

The best known place name for the Rastatt citizens is Staffelschnatzer .


The stately residential palace of the margraves of Baden-Baden is the city's landmark . In 1698, Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm (1655–1707), the celebrated Türkenlouis , laid the foundation stone for the construction of a hunting lodge in Rastatt . From 1700 it was expanded into a representative residence.

Other attractions are:

Furthermore, the Jewish cemetery , the Aalschokker Heini in the Rheinaue and the Rhine ferry Plittersdorf – Seltz .


Alexius Fountain


The BadnerHalle

The BadnerHalle , which was inaugurated in 1990, is the city's cultural event center, including for theater performances. The basement theater in the Kulturforum and the theater in the riding hall also exist . In addition, the largest international street theater festival in Germany, the tête-à-tête, takes place every two years in spring . In the intervening years, the rendezvous tête-à-tête takes place in autumn .


The meeting of Giuliano Vangi in front of the city museum

The city museum is dedicated to the history of the city of Rastatt. There is also an originally furnished old house at Kirchplatz 6 and the Ried Museum in Ottersdorf.

The memorial for the freedom movements in German history of the Federal Archives is located in the castle. This also houses the Defense History Museum established in 1934 . The municipal gallery is located in the fruit hall.

Furthermore, the casemates can be visited on request . A museum has been located in the former Westwall bunker since 2009 .


Monument to the fallen of the 2nd Badischer Feld-Artillerie Rgt. 35 1914–1918

In the old cemetery "An der Ludwigsfeste" near the castle park, a boulder commemorates the revolutionaries of 1848 who were shot dead . Next to it there are two more memorial stones commemorating two opponents of Hitler who were both murdered in the Dachau concentration camp : Hugo Levi and Karl Geiges . A memorial stone in the patient garden of the district hospital commemorates the first, who was a Rastatt city councilor . On the Murg in the Zay district, there is the Envoys Murder Stone, which commemorates the relevant historical event. Of national importance is the “Memorial Site of German Freedom Movements” initiated by Federal President Gustav Heinemann in the palace building, which gives an overview of the events during the pan-German revolution of 1848/49 and the local events of the Baden revolution (see museums).

Stumbling blocks

58 stumbling blocks have now been laid on the sidewalks of Rastatt . They are intended to remember the fate of the people who were murdered, deported , expelled or driven to suicide during National Socialism .


The vocal ensemble Rastatt , founded in 1988 , under the direction of its conductor Holger Speck, became an internationally known chamber choir through success in competitions , with its own CDs and radio and television productions in Germany and France. The baroque orchestra Les Favorites has performed as an accompanist or independently since 2003.

The chamber music ensemble Quantz-Collegium , founded in 1937 and re-established in 1950, plays festive serenades from Schloss Favorite with music from the Baroque period and classical music in the Sala terrena of Schloss Favorite .


Rastatt is a well-known term, especially among dance sport fans , because the multiple dance world champions Ralf Müller and Olga Müller-Omeltchenko come from Rastatt. They dominated the international stage in the 1990s and were multiple world and European champions in Latin American dances.

The hip-hop dance group Bronx Sistas became world champions in 2014. In the same year they were voted team of the year at the sportsmen's ceremony in the city of Rastatt.

The largest and oldest Rastatt sports club is the Rastatter Turnverein 1846 (RTV) with the departments gymnastics , swimming , handball , volleyball , athletics , fencing , karate , aikido and clogging . The second largest sports club in Rastatt with almost 1000 members is the Rastatter SC / DJK eV, founded in 2013, which was created through the merger of Rastatter SC 1922 eV and DJK Rastatt.

Another important club is the Rastatt-Rheinau 1919 gymnastics club, which offers the following categories: basketball , gymnastics, athletics and dance & aerobics. The Rastatt Pioneers basketball department deserves special mention, whose first men's team was promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga in the summer of 2006.

The FC Rastatt 04 , a pure football club , is the largest football club in Rastatt with currently around 600 members. In the 1930s and 1940s it was one of the leading clubs in southern Germany, and from 1978 to 1986 the club played in the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg.

The BouleClub Rastatt has been dedicated to the game of pétanque since 1981 and can look back on numerous national and international successes. In 2003, the European Women's Pétanque Championship took place in the club's boules hall. In the following year, the European club champion of the state winner was determined at the same location.

Economy and Infrastructure


Today the most important employer is the local Mercedes-Benz plant of Daimler AG . The Mercedes-Benz plant in Rastatt was opened in 1992, where the E-Class was the first model to be manufactured until 1996. The Rastatt plant is the competence center for compact vehicles from Mercedes-Benz. In 1997 the A-Class went into series production, of which 1.1 million vehicles were sold by 2004. Then came the second generation, of which over a million vehicles have now been produced. In 2005, the B-Class was added as a further model . Three of the five models in the two classes are produced in Rastatt. On November 16, 2012, the three millionth compact vehicle left the plant.

Various automotive suppliers are also based at the Rastatt business location.

A Siemens development and production site is also located in Rastatt . About 750 people are employed there.

The headquarters of Maquet , a subsidiary of the Swedish Getinge AB group and one of the world's leading medical technology companies, was also in Rastatt. The Maquet company was dissolved and fully integrated into the Getinge Group. The Rastatt location is now operated by Getinge Deutschland GmbH. The Maquet name continues to serve as Getinge's product brand.

The manufacturer of compressed air weapons Diana was founded in Rastatt in 1890 and produced at the local location until 2015. In 1988, the German marksman Silvia Sperber won the Olympic gold medal in the small bore three-position battle with a Diana rifle .

The company Hauraton produces drainage channels made of concrete and plastic, which are primarily used in civil engineering. The head office is located in Rastatt, the main production takes place in nearby Ötigheim.

Between 1913 and 1989 the Rastatt company Fahlbusch, a subsidiary of Norddeutsche Affinerie , operated a secondary metal smelter in the Beinle district, in which metal waste was reprocessed. For this purpose, the company operated melting furnaces and an electrolysis plant . After the plant was closed in 1989, the groundwater was contaminated with heavy metals and the air was contaminated with dioxin-containing dusts. Der Spiegel reported a “dioxin world record” with regard to dioxin concentrations of up to 5.85 picograms per cubic meter of outside air. In the course of the remediation of the contaminated site of the Fahlbusch site and the adjacent premises of the Fahlbusch subsidiary French-Saarländische Metallhütte (FRASA), the company buildings had to be dismantled, the ground excavated a few meters deep and a barrier against the groundwater introduced. Adjacent residential buildings and gardens also had to be decontaminated. In particular, roof trusses were cleaned with special industrial vacuum cleaners and gardens up to 50 cm deep were removed. The cost of the renovation, for which the state of Baden-Württemberg paid, amounted to 36.5 million euros.


Road traffic

Rastatt has two direct connections to the federal motorway 5 Basel – Karlsruhe. The federal highways 3 and 36 also run through the city.

The Rheinbrücke Wintersdorf is named after the nearby Rastatt district, but is located in the area of ​​Iffezheim. This old railway bridge, which can be used today for vehicles up to 7.5 t, pedestrians and cyclists, is connected to the French town of Beinheim .

Rail transport

The station Rastatt is a path node, IC -Haltepunkt (line Konstanz-Offenburg-Karlsruhe Stralsund) at the track Karlsruhe- Basel , as well as the RE -line Karlsruhe Rastatt-Offenburg-Konstanz ( Schwarzwaldbahn ) and the RE line Karlsruhe Rastatt -Offenburg-Basel. This is where the Murg Valley Railway to Freudenstadt in the Black Forest begins , which is also used by the Stadtbahn from Karlsruhe via Freudenstadt to Eutingen im Gäu (S 8 / S 81). The most important light rail line runs from Karlsruhe via Rastatt and Baden-Baden to Achern (S 7 / S 71). The station is also the transit point of the most important trans-European rail transport corridor, the Rhine Valley route, with up to 200 freight trains per day and direction.

The local public transport (ÖPNV) also serve numerous bus routes.

The Template: future / in 2 years4,270-meter-long Rastatt tunnel will in future cope with through traffic on the Rhine Valley route. The start of the construction of the two tubes took place in 2016. On August 12, 2017, the track bed sank over the already completed eastern tunnel, which led to the line being closed for several weeks.


In the Plittersdorf district there is a ship landing stage on the Rhine. The Plittersdorf – Seltz ferry across the Rhine leads from this bank to the small French town of Seltz . Since August 27, 2005, the ferry was out of service due to a ship accident. The return to service took place on September 11, 2010.


The magazine publisher Pabel-Moewig , which publishes series such as Perry Rhodan , the women's magazine Freizeitwoche and the erotic magazine Coupé , formerly also comic series such as Fix and Foxi , is based in Rastatt. In mid-2020, the parent company Bauer Media Group announced that it would close the printing plant in Rastatt by the end of October 2020.

A local edition of the Badische Neuesten Nachrichten (BNN) based in Karlsruhe and a local edition of the Badischer Tagblatt (BT) published in Baden-Baden appear as daily newspapers . The advertising papers WO and WO am Sonntag come weekly from the publishing house of the Badischer Tagblatt.

The weekly magazine RAZ - Rastatt A – Z by Nussbaum Medien appears every Thursday .

Movie and TV

Due to the nearby Südwestrundfunk in Baden-Baden, Rastatt is often used as a backdrop for SWR film productions. Elements of the Tatort television series are shot in Rastatt. For example, the Münchfeld Stadium at the southern exit of the town, the Rhine bridge near Rastatt-Wintersdorf, the Rastatt wagon factory and the Rastatt district hospital have already been used several times as a film backdrop.

In addition, the ZDF recorded the SWR3 - New Pop Festival at the Mercedes-Benz plant in Rastatt every year from 1994 to 2008 .

Courts, authorities and institutions

The new district office on Schlossplatz

Rastatt is the seat of the Rastatt District Office. The city also has a local court that belongs to the regional court district of Baden-Baden, a tax office and an employment agency . The city is the seat of the Murg Valley Dean's Office of the Archdiocese of Freiburg . The European WWF-Auen Institute of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) is based in Rastatt. In the center of the city is the traditional Rastatt district hospital, a subsidiary of Klinikum Mittelbaden gGmbH. The Mittelbaden Clinic is run by the Rastatt district and the Baden-Baden district. The main departments of the Rastatt District Hospital are the departments for surgery, internal medicine, gynecology and anesthesia and intensive care medicine, as well as the institute for radiology and nuclear medicine. The house also has a left heart catheter measuring station and a central emergency room. The pharmacy and the medical warehouse centrally supply all facilities at the Mittelbaden Clinic.


Rastatt has two general high schools (Ludwig-Wilhelm-Gymnasium and Tulla-Gymnasium), a secondary school (August-Renner-Realschule) and a special needs school (Augusta-Sibylla-Schule), as well as six elementary schools (Carl-Schurz-Schule with Montessori train) , Hansjakobschule, Johann-Peter-Hebel-Schule and one elementary school each in the districts of Ottersdorf, Plittersdorf and Rauental) and four elementary and secondary schools with Werkrealschule or secondary schools with Werkrealschule (Gustav-Heinemann-Schule, Karlschule, elementary and secondary school with Werkrealschule Niederbühl and secondary school with Werkrealschule in Ried Wintersdorf). Another secondary school with a Werkrealschule, the Max-Jäger-Schule, was closed in 2009 due to falling student numbers.

Furthermore, the district of Rastatt is responsible for the three vocational schools (Anne Frank School - Home Economics School, Josef Durler School - Rastatt Trade School and Rastatt Commercial College), each of which also has a vocational high school ( technical high school ) for nutritional science, biotechnology and social science, Technology or business is based, as well as the Pestalozzi School for the mentally handicapped .

The private schools Abendgymnasium Rastatt, Abendrealschule Landkreis Rastatt, Freie Waldorfschule Rastatt and Solomon-Schule as a denominational school of Seventh-day Adventists round off the educational offerings in Rastatt.

The St. Bernhard Education Center of the Archdiocese of Freiburg , a former boys' and grammar school convent, is available today for educational measures, retreats, days of reflection, seminars, conferences and leisure time.

The historical library of the city of Rastatt has existed since the 18th century.


Honorary citizen

The city of Rastatt has had 29 honorary citizens since 1810. Two personalities currently have honorary citizenship:

sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities

  • Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden ( Türkenlouis , 1655–1707), Margrave of Baden, died in Rastatt
  • Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer (1656–1746), composer and musician
  • Franz Karl Grieshaber (1798–1866), Germanist and manuscript collector (teacher at the Lyceum in Rastatt)
  • Gustav Tiedemann (1808–1849), last governor of the Rastatt fortress during the Baden Revolution, fusiled in Rastatt in August 1849
  • Lucian Reich the Younger (1817–1900), painter and writer as well as drawing teacher at the Lyceum in Rastatt
  • Carl Schurz (1829–1906), freedom fighter (besieged by the Prussians with the Baden-Palatinate Revolutionary Army in Rastatt), interior minister of the USA
  • Alfred Huber (1910–1986), national soccer player, lived in Rastatt
  • Frank Elstner (* 1942), TV presenter (attended the Ludwig-Wilhelm-Gymnasium in Rastatt)
  • Axel Ullrich (* 1943), biochemist (graduated from Ludwig-Wilhelm-Gymnasium and has been an honorary citizen of Rastatt since December 12, 2001)
  • Anselm Kiefer (* 1945), painter and sculptor, spent his school days in Rastatt, 2008 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade
  • Ralf (* 1967) and Olga Müller (* 1972), multiple dance world champions in Latin American dances
  • Jens Knossalla (* 1986), entertainer and streamer
  • Alex Mizurov (* 1988), professional skateboarder


  • Baden town book . In: Erich Keyser (ed.): German city book. Handbook of urban history - on behalf of the working group of historical commissions and with the support of the German Association of Cities, the German Association of Cities and the German Association of Municipalities . Volume IV 2. Stuttgart 1959.
  • Franz Simon Meyer : The whole story of my indifferent life. Edited by Sebastian Diziol.
    • Volume 1, 1816-1828. The youth of Franz Simon Meyer. Solivagus Praeteritum, Kiel 2016, ISBN 978-3-9817079-3-9 .
    • Volume 2, 1829-1849. Franz Simon Meyer in times of revolution. Solivagus Praeteritum, Kiel 2017, ISBN 978-3-9817079-6-0 .
  • Marco Müller: The social and economic history of the city of Rastatt 1815-1890 . Ed .: City of Rastatt. regional culture publisher, Ubstadt-Weiher 2005, ISBN 978-3-89735-285-8 (Stadtgeschichtliche Reihe, vol. 8).
  • Martin Walter, Marco Müller: Rastatt in old views . Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-86680-119-6 (series archive images).


  • Picture book Germany : On the Upper Rhine near Rastatt. Documentary, 45 min., A film by Christina Brecht-Benze, production: SWR , first broadcast: December 17, 2006.

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. Main statutes of the large district town of Rastatt (PDF, 40 kB)
  3. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 . Pp. 175-179
  4. a b Memorials for the Victims of National Socialism. A documentation, Vol. I, Bonn 1995, p. 70, ISBN 3-89331-208-0
  5. Madonna is supposed to remind of Rastatt pledge. In: Baden's latest news. September 16, 2017, accessed November 1, 2019 .
  6. a b c d Federal Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 501 .
  7. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 483 .
  8. ^ Alemannia Judaica: Rastatt (district town) Jewish history / prayer hall / synagogue . Online at www.alemannia-judaica.de. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
  9. Information based on the lists from Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.
  10. ka-news.de, “No clues for influencing elections”, December 6, 2007 OB election declared valid
  11. Badisches Tagblatt, "Contestants of the OB election renounce lawsuit", January 7, 2008
  12. ^ Website of the city of Rastatt
  13. Edgar Wolfrum, Peter Fässler, Reinhard Grohnert: Years of Crisis and New Awakening: Everyday Life and Politics in French-Occupied Baden 1945-1949 . Oldenbourg Verlag, 1996, ISBN 978-3-486-56196-8 , pp. 57 ( google.de [accessed on January 21, 2018]).
  14. ^ City partnership with Rastatt. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  15. ^ Badisches Tagblatt, "Three million compact vehicles from the Rastatt Mercedes factory", November 17, 2012
  16. http://www.siemens.de/standorte/Seiten/home.aspx
  17. http://www.maquet.com/sectionPage.aspx?m1=112599795743&m2=112600853386&wsectionID=112600853386&languageID=2
  18. Every Feuerle in Der Spiegel of 3 December 1990th
  19. ^ Metallhütte Fahlbusch , Landratsamt Rastatt / Umweltamt, accessed on August 6, 2019.
  20. Statement by the Ministry for the Environment and Transport: Dioxin pollution in Baden-Württemberg , State Parliament Baden-Württemberg, accessed on August 6, 2019.
  21. Rastatt-Delle causes twelve million euros in sales loss per week in the press release Netzwerk Europäische Eisenbahnen eV on August 13, 2017.
  22. Massive impairments on the Rhine Valley route between Karlsruhe and Freiburg in Badische Zeitung of August 12, 2017, 1:22 pm.
  23. Rastatt Süd completely blocked in the turntable (railway magazine) from August 12, 2017.
  24. Offset printing in Rastatt: Bauer Media Group plans to discontinue operations at VPM Druck. Retrieved June 24, 2020 .
  25. Sher-Shah Shapoori: The Rastatt District Hospital . 600 years of its history. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 1997 (= Würzburg medical-historical research , 59).
  26. ^ Archbishopric Freiburg: Bildungshaus St. Bernhard - Rastatt . Online at www.erzbistum-freiburg.de. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  27. Bildungshaus St. Bernhard: About us . Online at www.st-bernhard-rastatt.de. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  28. ^ City of Rastatt: honorary citizen. Retrieved January 16, 2019 .
  29. City of Rastatt: New Year's Reception 2019. Accessed on January 16, 2019 .
  30. reception anl speech by the mayor. On the 66th birthday of honorary citizen Prof. Dr. Axel Ullrich ( online )

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