The chapel Maria Einsiedeln , called Einsiedeln Chapel (also hermitage ) in Rastatt is a chapel , which in 1715 by Johann Michael Ludwig Rohrer as a replica of a chapel in 1709 from the slag Werther was built in the castle park, in turn, a replica of the chapel Maria Einsiedeln in Einsiedeln in Swiss canton of Schwyz was.
The Margravine Franziska Sibylla Augusta made several pilgrimages to Einsiedeln, Switzerland, because the first-born Hereditary Prince Ludwig Georg did not want to start speaking. When the Hereditary Prince finally began to speak after a pilgrimage , the Margravine in Schlackenwerth had a copy of the Einsiedeln chapel made according to original plans in 1709 . Only a classicist replica of the Swiss original can be seen today.
The margravine, it is assumed, wanted to thank the Rastatt peace treaty of 1714 by rebuilding the chapel in Rastatt . The graves of the Piarist Fathers have been in the lower church of the chapel since 1742 .
The archetype, the Chapel of Grace in Einsiedeln Monastery (destroyed in 1798, modified, restored)
The model in Schlackenwerth
If you look at the front of the chapel, you can see two putti bearing the margrave's coat of arms directly above the entrance portal . That of Corinthian columns supported gable is from the floating on a crescent moon Madonna crowned. There are two statues of saints on either side of the pediment . One of the saints is St. Benedict of Nursia , the founder of the Benedictine order , the other saint is St. Meinrad , who was a hermit in Switzerland in 835 and at whose place of death the monastery of Einsiedeln can be found today.
Inside of the chapel
In direct contradiction to the pompous exterior, there is a replica of the miraculous image of Einsiedeln in the simple interior of the chapel. On the miraculous image the Black Madonna can be seen surrounded by putti and golden rays of lightning. Unlike its role models, the Rastatt Chapel also has a replica of the Nativity Grotto in Bethlehem in the basement .
- Clemens Kieser, Karlfriedrich Ohr, Wolfgang Stopfel, Martin Walter: Art and cultural monuments in the Rastatt district and in Baden-Baden. Konrad-Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-8062-1599-5 , p. 277.