|President of the Regional Council||Jean Rottner ( LR )|
|Population density||96.6 inhabitants per km²|
Relief map of the Grand Est region
Grand Est ( French [ ɡʁɑ̃t‿ɛst ]), German Great East , is the name of the French region that arose on January 1, 2016 from the territory of the previous regions Alsace ( Alsace ), Lorraine ( Lorraine ) and Champagne-Ardenne . Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine was initially used as a preliminary name . This was replaced by the current name on October 1, 2016 by the Council of State ( Conseil d'État ).
Grand Est is the fourth largest region with 57,433 km² (excluding overseas regions) and has 5,549,586 inhabitants (as of 2017), making it the sixth largest region in terms of population. The administrative seat and most populous city is Strasbourg . The Grand Est region is divided into the ten departments Ardennes , Aube , Bas-Rhin , Haute-Marne , Haut-Rhin , Marne , Meurthe-et-Moselle , Meuse , Moselle and Vosges . It borders (clockwise) on Belgium , Luxembourg , Germany , Switzerland and the regions of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté , Île-de-France and Hauts-de-France .
Protests against the formation of this new region took place in advance, particularly in Alsace. In 2019 it was decided that from January 1, 2021, the two departments of Alsace would again be combined as a political unit ( Collectivité Européenne ) with a special status that is unique in France.
The provisional name Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine was formed from the alphabetical order of the merged regions and was replaced by the final name on July 1, 2016. In a joint survey by the TV channels France 3 Champagne-Ardenne and France 3 Lorraine , a majority voted for Grand Est as the new name. From March 14th to April 1st, 2016, an online poll could be used to vote on a new name. Grand Est was subsequently added to the three original proposals, Rhin-Champagne , Acalie and Nouvelle- Austrasie . On April 4, it was announced that 75% of those who voted had voted for Grand Est (German for “Great East”).
The most populous cities in the Grand Est region are:
|Strasbourg ( Strasbourg )||280,966 (2017)||Bas-Rhin|
|Mulhouse ( Mulhouse )||109,443 (2017)||Haut-Rhin|
|Diedenhofen ( Thionville )||40,701 (2017)||Moselle|
|Hagenau ( Haguenau )||34,504 (2017)||Bas-Rhin|
The Grand Est region is divided into ten departments :
|OZ||= Ordinal number of the department||Arr.||= Number of arrondissements||According to||= Number of municipalities|
|W.||= Coat of arms of the department||Kant.||= Number of cantons|
|ISO||= ISO-3166-2 code||GV||= Number of municipal associations
January 1, 2017
(inh / km²)
Result of the election of the regional council on December 13, 2015:
- List Philippe Richert (Union de la Droite from LR , UDI and MoDem ): 48.40% = 1,060,065 votes, 104 seats
- List Florian Philippot ( FN ): 36.08% = 790,179 votes, 46 seats
- List Jean-Pierre Masseret (independent left list with members of the PS and PRG ): 15.51% = 339,757 votes, 19 seats
Although Strasbourg, as the seat of the regional prefecture and the regional council, takes on the role of the capital of the region, some regional authorities are located in other cities: Nancy is the seat of the health authority (ARS, Agence régionale de Santé ). Metz is the seat of the authority for the environment, infrastructure and housing (DREAL, Direction régionale de l'Environnement, de l'Aménagement et du Logement ) and the Court of Auditors (CRC, Chambre Régionale des Comptes ), in Châlons-en-Champagne is the authority for food, agriculture and forestry (DRAAF, Direction régionale de l'Alimentation, de l'Agriculture et de la Forêt ). The rectorates of the Académies (upper school and university offices) remain in Nancy, Reims and Strasbourg for each of the old regions, with Nancy receiving the regional rectorate.
- Décret n ° 2016-1262 from September 28th 2016 portant fixation du nom de la region Grand Est on legifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Mathilde SIRAUD: Occitanie, Nouvelle-Aquitaine ...: discordes autour des nouveaux noms de régions. In: lefigaro.fr. Le Figaro, June 27, 2016, accessed April 5, 2019 (French).
- Manifestation à Strasbourg pour une Alsace sans la Lorraine. In: liberation.fr. Liberation, October 11, 2014, accessed April 5, 2015 (French).
- Report on vie-publique.fr from June 27, 2019
- La carte des régions en 2015 on vie-publique.fr, accessed on May 9, 2015
- France 3 Champagne-Ardenne: Votez pour le nom de la future grande région Champagne-Ardenne - Lorraine - Alsace , accessed on April 5, 2015
- DNA: Nom de l'ACAL: "Grand Est" ajouté aux trois autres propositions
- France: The border region is to be called Grand Est in future , orf.at, April 4, 2016, accessed on April 4, 2016.
- Résultats régionales 2015 - Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine (Acal - Grand-Est) on linternaute.com, accessed on January 6, 2016