Vosges department

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Coat of arms of the Vosges department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the department of Vosges in France
About this picture
region Grand Est
prefecture Epinal
Sub-prefecture (s) Neufchâteau
Residents 367,673 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 63 inhabitants per km²
surface 5,870.25 km²
Arrondissements 3
Community associations 12
Cantons 17th
Communities 507
President of the
Department Council
François Vannson ( UMP )
ISO-3166-2 code FR-88
Location of the Vosges
Location of the department of Vosges in the
region Grand Est

The Département Vosges [ voːʒ ] is the French department with the serial number 88. It is located in the east of the country in the Grand Est region and is named after the low mountain range Vosges (French: Vosges ). Its prefecture is in Épinal , sub-prefectures are Neufchâteau and Saint-Dié-des-Vosges .


Gérardmer, "Pearl of the Vosges"

The department is formed by the departments of Meuse (Maas) and Meurthe-et-Moselle in the north, Bas-Rhin (Lower Rhine ) and Haut-Rhin (Upper Rhine ) in the east, Territoire de Belfort and Haute-Saône in the south and Haute-Marne in the west limited.

The name "Vosges" is derived from the low mountain range of the same name in this region, the Vosges . The Vosges, however, only occupy the eastern third of the department. You can see two quite different landscapes east and west of the Moselle . The west is characterized by hills covered with deciduous forest . The east is higher and shows granite and sandstone mountains covered with coniferous forest . The highest areas are part of the Ballons des Vosges Regional Nature Park .

The area of ​​the department is divided into the catchment areas of four rivers:

  • in the east, north and in the middle the catchment area of ​​the Rhine over the Moselle and its tributaries
  • in the south and southwest the catchment area of ​​the Rhone over the Saône
  • in the west and northwest the catchment area of ​​the Meuse
  • in the extreme northwest the catchment area of ​​the Seine over the Ornain

As a result, several watersheds run in the department . The Canal des Vosges overcomes the Rhine-Rhône watershed; it connects the valleys of the Moselle and Saône and is part of a waterway from the North Sea to the Mediterranean.


The Vosges department in southern Lorraine was formed on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution .

Originally it was divided into 9 districts with the capitals Épinal , Saint-Dié , Remiremont , Mirecourt , Neufchâteau , Bruyères , Darney , Rambervillers and Lamarche . Together these districts comprised 60 cantons.

In 1793, the Principality of Salm , an enclave with the capital Senones (Eng. Sens), decided to join France after its princes had left it as a result of the Revolution. In 1795, the Schirmeck region , previously part of the Bas-Rhin department , was added.

On February 17, 1800, five arrondissements were created: Épinal, Mirecourt, Neufchâteau, Remiremont and Saint-Dié.

With the cession of Alsace-Lorraine in 1871, a small part of the Vosges department was lost

In 1871, a small part of the department passed to the German Empire through the Peace of Frankfurt : the canton Schirmeck and half of the canton Saales , which have since belonged to Alsace . The communes of the canton Saales that remained French formed a new canton with the capital Provenchères-sur-Fave . The territories "lost" in this way were returned to France by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, but remained assigned to the Alsatian department of Bas-Rhin.

On September 10, 1926, the administration of the departments in France was newly regulated. A total of 106 arrondissements were dissolved, including two in the Vosges department: Mirecourt and Remiremont. The corresponding cantons were assigned to the Arrondissement Épinal, with the exception of the cantons Mirecourt and Vittel , which came to the Arrondissement Neufchâteau.

From 1960 to 2015 the department was part of the Lorraine region , which in 2016 became part of the Grand Est region.


The most populous municipalities in the Vosges department are:

city Population
Epinal 31,740 Epinal
Saint-Dié-des-Vosges 19,607 Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
Thaon-les-Vosges 8,862 Epinal
Golbey 8,623
Gerardmer 7,967 Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
Remiremont 7,714 Epinal
Neufchâteau 6,664 Neufchâteau
Raon-l'Étape 6,388 Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
Rambervillers 5,170 Epinal
Mirecourt 5,246 Neufchâteau

Administrative division

In 1793 the territory of the Principality of Salm-Salm was annexed to France, for whose administration a new district was set up in Senones, which was assigned to the Département Vosges. In the constitutional reform carried out shortly afterwards (1795), the districts were dissolved. The now 68 cantons were directly subordinate to the prefecture; the cantons were distributed among the later arrondissements as follows: Épinal (14 cantons), Mirecourt (12), Neufchâteau (17), Remiremont (6) and Saint-Dié (19).

In the reorganization of the administration decreed by Napoleon in the year IX (1800), the number of cantons was reduced to less than half. From now on the classification was:

  • Arrondissement Épinal with 6 cantons:
    Bains (12 communes), Bruyères, Châtel, Épinal, Rambervillers and Xertigny (8);
  • Arrondissement Neufchâteau with 5 cantons:
    Bulgnéville, Châtenois, Coussey, Lamarche and Neufchâteau;
  • Arrondissement Mirecourt with 7 cantons:
    Bains-les-Bains, Charmes, Darney, Dompaire, Mirecourt, Monthureux-sur-Saône (12) and Vittel;
  • Arrondissement St. Dié with 9 cantons:
    Brouvelieures (10), Corcieux, St. Dié, Fraize, Gérardmer, Raon-l'Étape, Saales, Schirmeck and Senones;
  • Arrondissement Remiremont with 4 cantons:
    Plombières (5), Ramonchamp, Remiremont and Saulxures (10).

In 1871, the canton Schirmeck and half of the canton Saales were lost to the German Empire. The canton of Provenchères-sur-Fave in the Arrondissement of St. Dié was formed from the remainder of the canton of Saales that remained with France . The return of Alsace-Lorraine to France in 1919 did not change the administrative structure of this department.

The greatest change after 125 years was brought about by the law of September 10, 1926, in which every third arrondissement of mainland France was repealed and the associated cantons were assigned to other arrondissements; this law also resulted in the abolition of the arrondissements of Mirecourt and Remiremont. Subsequently, the cantons of Mirecourt and Vittel came to the Arrondissement Neufchâteau, the other 8 cantons were assigned to Épinal. On January 15, 1982, the canton of St. Dié was divided: The two cantons of Saint-Dié-Est (since 1999 Saint-Dié-des-Vosges-Est) and Saint-Dié-Ouest (since 1999 Saint-Dié-des -Vosges-Ouest).

The department is divided into 3 arrondissements , 17 cantons and 507 communes :

Communes and arrondissements in the Vosges department
Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Epinal 15th 236 000000000203481.0000000000203,481 2,594.65 000000000000078.000000000078 881
Neufchâteau (France) 5 175 000000000053271.000000000053,271 1,817.42 000000000000029.000000000029 882
Saint-Dié-des-Vosges 7th 96 000000000110921.0000000000110,921 1,458.18 000000000000076.000000000076 883
Vosges department 17th 507 000000000367673.0000000000367.673 5,870.25 000000000000063.000000000063 88

See also

Web links

Commons : Département Vosges  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. elections2015.vosges.fr ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. accessed on May 1, 2015 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / elections2015.vosges.fr

Coordinates: 48 ° 10 '  N , 6 ° 27'  E