Maine-et-Loire department

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Coat of arms of the Maine-et-Loire department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Maine-et-Loire department in France
About this picture
region Pays de la Loire
prefecture Angers
Sub-prefecture (s) Cholet
Segré-en-Anjou Bleu
Residents 813,493 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 113 inhabitants per km²
surface 7,192.93 km²
Arrondissements 4th
Community associations 10
Cantons 21st
Communities 177
President of the
Department Council
Christian Gillet
ISO-3166-2 code FR-49
Location of the Maine-et-Loire
Location of the department of Maine-et-Loire in the
region of Pays de la Loire

The Maine-et-Loire [ mɛnelwaːʀ ] is the French department with the atomic number 49. It is in the west of the country in the Region Pays de la Loire and on the rivers Maine and Loire named. The area of ​​the department essentially comprises the historical Anjou region .


The Maine-et-Loire department borders on the Ille-et-Vilaine , Mayenne , Sarthe , Indre-et-Loire , Vienne , Deux-Sèvres , Vendée and Loire-Atlantique departments . The most important rivers are the Loire , which flows through the department from east to west, and the Maine , which arises from the confluence of the Sarthe and Mayenne near Angers and flows into the Loire after only 12 km.

coat of arms

Description: In blue on the right a red border under which a golden lily is completely and a half at the gap and on the left a red, gold-lined patriarchal cross .


As a result of the French Revolution , the department was founded by a law of December 22, 1789 under the name Mayenne-et-Loire on March 4, 1790. Since the name Maine had already established itself as the name of the common section of the river Sarthe and Mayenne , the department was renamed Maine-et-Loire on December 12, 1791 .

The department comprises the main part of the old province of Anjou and about half of the province of Saumurois .

It has belonged to the Pays de la Loire region since 1960 .


The most populous municipalities in the Maine-et-Loire department are:

city Population
Angers 152.960 Angers
Cholet 53,917 Cholet
Saumur 26,734 Saumur
Sèvremoine 25,414 Cholet
Beaupréau-en-Mauges 23,228
Chemillé-en-Anjou 21,392

Administrative division

The Maine-et-Loire department is divided into 4 arrondissements , 21 cantons and 177 communes :

Communes and arrondissements in the Maine-et-Loire department
Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Angers 12 66 000000000383092.0000000000383.092 1,740.66 000000000000220.0000000000220 491
Cholet 6th 32 000000000224595.0000000000224,595 2,105.96 000000000000107.0000000000107 492
Saumur 5 52 000000000134943.0000000000134.943 1,967.91 000000000000069.000000000069 493
Segré 3 27 000000000070863.000000000070,863 1,378.40 000000000000051.000000000051 494
Maine-et-Loire department 21st 177 000000000813493.0000000000813.493 7,192.93 000000000000113.0000000000113 49

See also:

Road sign on the border of the department


The Maine-et-Loire department has numerous branches of industry, particularly information and telecommunications technology and automotive supply (over 5,000 jobs each). The city of Angers forms a growth pole “vegetable products” (highly specialized production, research and teaching), with which 15,000 jobs are connected. The city of Cholet forms a growth pole for “children” (child food, fashion, furniture, care, etc.) with 6,300 direct jobs. In general, the fashion sector is an important economic factor with 5,000 jobs in shoe production and 3,000 jobs in clothing production. The area around Saumur is strongly influenced by tourism with 75 sights and one million visitors a year. Saumur is also a leader in the production and processing of mushrooms and an important wine-growing and horticultural region (40 percent of France's production of rose bushes).

Web links

Commons : Maine-et-Loire Department  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. accessed on April 26, 2015.
  2. History on accessed on March 31, 2013.
  3. CCI DES PAYS DE LA LOIRE (2005): Les chiffres clés de l'économie 2004.

Coordinates: 47 ° 28 ′  N , 0 ° 32 ′  W