|Residents||807.360 (Jan. 1, 2017)|
|Population density||184 inhabitants per km²|
President of the
Location of the Haute-Savoie
region Auvergne Rhône-Alpes
The Haute-Savoie department [ otsavwa ] ( German Haute Savoie and Haute-Savoie ) is the French department with the atomic number 74. It is in the east of the country in the region Auvergne Rhône-Alpes and after the landscape Savoy named. The capital of the department is Annecy .
The department is bordered by the Swiss canton of Geneva and Lake Geneva to the north, the Swiss canton of Valais and the Italian region of Aosta Valley to the east, the Savoie department to the south and the Ain department to the west .
In the partially high-alpine area of the department, in addition to Lake Geneva (French part, 190 km²), Lake Annecy , the Mont Blanc group in the southeast and the Chamonix valley are located . The most important rivers are the Rhone (border river in the west against the Ain department) and its tributaries Arve and Dranse .
coat of arms
The Haute-Savoie has long been one of the poorest regions in France; Typical of the early 19th century were the children's chimney sweeps, who in Paris and other parts of France cruelly illustrated the poverty of the rural population in the region.
Savoy , annexed by France between 1792 and 1815 , was returned to the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont at the Congress of Vienna . Switzerland was granted the right to occupy the northern Savoy provinces of Chablais and Faucigny in the event of war to protect Swiss neutrality .
The department was formed on June 15, 1860 after the Savoy trade from the old provinces of Genevois , Chablais and Faucigny , which formerly belonged to the Duchy of Savoy and were annexed to France when the Italian part of the duchy was dissolved in the newly founded Kingdom of Italy .
From 1960 to 2015 it was part of the Rhône-Alpes region , which in 2016 became part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.
The Haute-Savoie department is divided into four arrondissements :
January 1, 2017
population / km²
- List of communes in the Haute-Savoie department
- List of cantons in the Haute-Savoie department
- List of associations of municipalities in the Haute-Savoie department
Ground products are: wheat and oats (around 1 million hl), potatoes, hemp, tobacco, fruit, especially chestnuts, wine (180,000 hl) and wood. The cattle breeding is quite extensive (133,239 head of cattle, 29,594 goats) and provides a lot of cheese. The main branch of industry is precision mechanics and long turning (décolletage) (mainly automotive, machine and watchmaking suppliers), otherwise spinning and weaving in cotton and silk, tannery, manufacture of paper, jewelery and watches. The most important companies are Somfy (drives and controls for roller shutters, sun protection and gates, turnover: € 996 million), Entremont (cheese, € 823 million), Provencia (supermarkets, € 744 million), Tefal (household and electrical appliances , € 543 million), Sopra (system integration, € 531 million), Stäubli (mechatronics, € 483 million), SNR Roulements (ball bearings, € 417 million) and Salomon (€ 391 million).
The manufacture still forms a large part of the department's industry today. The Arve valley (Vallée de l'Arve, Vallée Verte) plays a historical role in watchmaking and the supply of parts to Geneva . Long turning plays an important role here.
In addition to industry, tourism is particularly important in the ski areas of the French Alps. With Megève , Chamonix , Morzine-Avoriaz , Flaine and La Clusaz, there are outstanding ski areas with convenient transport links to Geneva.
In addition to its function as a transport hub, Geneva also influences the economy in Haute-Savoie. Around 30,000 cross-border commuters (Frontaliers) live in Haute-Savoie and work in Geneva. In addition, there are the functionaries of international organizations ( UN , WHO , ICRC , ...) who are based in Geneva.
With the conclusion of the bilateral agreement on the free movement of persons between Switzerland and the European Union , a further expansion of the influence of Geneva into the Haute-Savoie is to be expected.
Several railway lines open up the department and connect it with the SNCF network in Ain and Savoie as well as with Switzerland:
- Aix-les-Bains – Annemasse railway line
- Eaux-Vives – Annemasse railway line, in future CEVA
- La Roche-sur-Foron – Saint-Gervais railway line
- Léaz – Saint-Gingolph railway line
- Saint-Gervais – Vallorcine railway line
- Tramway du Mont-Blanc
Steam boat trips take place on Lake Geneva and Lake Annecy.
- Bruno Cathala (* 1963), game designer
- General Council of the Haute-Savoie Department (French)
- Prefecture of the Haute-Savoie department (French)